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Full text of "Report on the manuscripts of Lord Middleton, preserved at Wollaton Hall, Nottinghamshire"

Founded by 



GOLDAVIN SMITH 
H ARR I ETr'^SiVVITH 



1901 



(JOnv 
|V.e>T»V .HISTORICAL MANUSCRIPTS COMMISSION, 

REPORT 

ON THE 

MANUSCRIPTS 

OP 

LORD MIDDLETON. 



PRESERVED AT 



WOLLATON HALL. NOTTINGHAMSHIKE, 



^tcsenUI) to ^nrlianunt bg @^aramaM)) of f^ii ih1n)titS- 




,f X)«»»i>v<(W 



Koaa^s^ 



3? S- 5)' 



LONDON : 

PUBLISHED BY HIS MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE. 

To be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from 

WYMAN & SONS, Ltd., Fetter Lane, E.G.; or 

OLIVER & BOYD, Twbbddale Court. Edinburgh; or 

E. PONSONBY, Ltd., 116 Grafton Street, Dublin. 



Sole Wholesale Agent for places outside the United Kingdom of 

Great Britain and Ireland, 

T. FISHER UNWIN, 1 Adelphi Terrace, London, W.O. 

(Depots in New York, Toronto, Melbourne, Wellington, Cape Town, Calcutta, 

Tokio, and Leipzig.) 



printed by 
THE HEREFORD TIMES LIMITED. Maylord Street, Hbrbpord. 



1911. 
[Od. 5567.1 Price, Ss. Od. 



CONTENTS, 



Page 
introduction ----- v 

Calendar - - - ' " ^ 

Appendix - - - " - 611 

Index - - - 629 



This Report has been prepared and edited, on behalf of the 
Historical Manuscripts Commissioners, by Mr. W. H, 
Stevenson, M.A. The Index has been compiled by Mr. C. T. 
Flower, M.A. 



INTEODUCTION. 



Lord Middle ton's MSS. are preserved, together with modern 
legal papers, in a fireproof muniment room in the basement 
of the south-western paviHon of WoUaton Hall, near 
Nottingham, a famous specimen of Elizabethan domestic 
architecture, whose magnificence caused Camden to opine 
that it had been built by Sir Francis Willoughby " in a foolish 
display of his wealth." The papers are packed in large parcels 
and boxes, the older MSS. being contained in some three 
hundred of the former, in addition to a few boxes. The 
collection is a very large one, and there is little arrangement 
of the older MSS. The parcels are numbered and placed on 
shelves in accordance with an arrangement made in 1835. 
The contents of the muniment room were roughly catalogued 
in 1784 and 1794. The cataloguers frequently describe the 
older records as " bundles of old deeds, illegible " or " of no value.'* 
The bundles were packed at random in the large parcels of the 
1835 arrangement, but the older numeration of the bundles 
was retained. These numbers are given where necessary in 
this report within parentheses to distinguish tnem from the 
numbers of the larger parcels. Occasionally only the old 
bundle-number is thus given in cases where the bundles have 
either never been included in the parcels or have become 
detached. Thousands of undated early charters had no 
obvious arrangement, and they have been now placed in 
unnumbered parcels, and the dated ones have been similarly 
brought together and placed in parcels, also unnumbered, 
corresponding to the reigns from which they date. Many of 
the more interesting papers have been taken out of their 
bundles and placed, for convenience of reference, in a tin 
box, numbered 24. The oldest charters and the household 
books and inventories have been in like manner brought 
together in separate tin boxes. Some of the books are not 
kept in the muniment room, and a few of them are at 
Birdsall House, near Malton, his Lordship's Yorkshire seat. No 
papers, we are informed, are now kept at Middle ton Hall, 
near Tamworth, from which the title of the peerage is derived. 

The older arrangement in bundles was made by Francis 
Willoughby, the famous natural philosopher, (1635-1672), 
with some assistance from the celebrated Jolin Ray, his 
accomplished friend and protegee, who lived with him, accom- 
panied him on his extensive scientific travels in England 
and abroad, and completed for Press his Oniithologia, published 
at London in 1676, and his Historia Piscium, at Oxford in 
1686. In the preface to the former he pays a noble tribute 
to his dead patron, stating among other marks of the real 
scholar that he was " ah ineunte aetate hoiiarum literaruni 



studiis deditus, adeoque temporis parens, ut ne minimam ejus 
particulam vacuam elabi sineret'' His extraordinary powers 
of work are evidenced by the immense labour that he must 
have devoted to writing abstracts upon every paper, however 
small, and upon every brief or other document, however 
lengthy, relating to the numerous lawsuits of the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries. These abstracts are the only 
real clue to the contents of the older papers, but they are 
(with the exception of the few drawn up by Ray) unfortunately 
written in a curiously straggling hand that is not very easily 
to be read. During the progress of the work Francis 
Willoughby drew up some notes upon diplomatics, which are, 
as might be expected from his trained powers of observation, 
creditable performances for the time (p. 269). 

The principal part of the collection consists of an enormous 
number of medieval and later deeds, charters, court rolls, 
manorial accounts and the like relating to thirty counties. 
A list of the places the deeds relate to is given at page 624, 
and an inventory of the court rolls, manorial accounts, 
terriers, etc., will be found at p. 285. 

The history of the family, of which some account is given 
at p. 504 sqq., explains the wide area covered by these records. 
The founder of the family was Ralph Bugge, a Nottingham 
merchant of tne reign of John, whose descendants took up the 
territorial names of Bingham and Willoughby from their 
Nottinghamshire possessions. The manor of Wollaton was 
acquired in the reign of Edward II. Marriages with the 
De Greys, Freville of Tam worth, De Morteins and others 
added to the power of the Willoughby family, and owing to 
these alliances and other causes, the muniment room contains 
portions of the records of the great feudal houses of the 
De Greys of Codnor and elsewhere, De Montfort of Beldesert, 
Zouch, Marmion, Filhol, Ley bum, Harley, Malreward, 
Bracebridge, and others. The head of the family at the end 
of the fifteenth century, Sir Henry Willoughby, was a very 
influential man. Made a knight banneret on the field of Stoke 
in 1487 (p. 508) and filling the post of knight of the Body to 
Henry VIII., he was in close contact with the court at an 
interesting period of English history. He was engaged in 
many mihtary expeditions, being master of the ordnance 
in the expedition to Spain in 1512 (p. 128), and shared in the 
pageantry of Henry VIII., notably the Field of the Cloth of 
Gold and at the meeting of Henry VIII. with Charles V. in 
1520. We must regret the loss of the autograph letter written 
to him by Henry VIII. (p. 512). A copy of a letter to him 
from Queen Catherine of Arragon is preserved (p. 513). In 
the reign of Edward IV. he was, according to Leland, severely 
wounded in a fight between his retainers and those of Edward 
Grey, Viscount Lisle, the brother of Queen EHzabeth Wood- 
ville's first husband. Some depositions connected with this 
are printed (p. 115). Subsequently amity was established 



vn 



between the two families, and was cemented by the marriage 
of Sir Henry's eldest son John, a knight of the Holy Sepulchre, 
with a d:iughter of the viscomit. This brought the Willoughbys 
into relationship with some of the leading families of the time, 
a sister of John's wife being the wife of Edmund Dudley, 
the father of John Dudley, subsequently Duke of Norfolk 
and father of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, Queen 
Elizabeth's favourite, who was the younger brother of the 
husband of Lady Jane Grey, the great-granddaughter of 
Ehzabeth Woodville. Another sister of Sir John Willoughby's 
wife married Arthur Plantagenet, natural son of Edward TV. 
Further matrimonial relations thus instituted are set out 
at p. 508. Sir Henry Willoughby's second son. Sir Edward, 
by his marriage with the daughter of Sir William Filliol added 
greatly to the family estates, and became connected with 
the rising Seymour family, Sir Edward Seymour, subsequently 
Duke of Somerset and Protector of England, having married 
the other daughter of Sir William Filhol. This connexion 
was probably the reason why Queen Jane Seymour, Sir Edward 
Seymour's sister, wrote to Sir Edward Willoughby announcing 
the birth of Edward the Sixth (p. 517). Sir Edward 
Willoughby is mentioned with Seymour in the private 
act in 22 Henry VIIL, c. 19 (Statutes of the Realm, iii., p. 349) 
that was necessitated to legalise the irregularities of the settle- 
ments resulting from these marriages with the daughters of 
a man of unsound mind. Sir Edward Willoughby's son, 
Henry, who fell fighting against Ket's rebels at Norwich, 
married Anne, daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset, 
the grandson of Elizabeth Woodville. This made him brother- 
in-law to Henry Grey, subsequently Duke of Suffolk, the 
father of Lady Jane Grey. This weak nobleman was guardian 
of Francis Willoughby, Henry's son and heir, the builder of 
Wollaton Hall. It is through this post that we obtain some 
evidence of Grey's attempts to levy troops in Leicestershire 
and Warwickshire by the aid of his ward's men (p. 414) in his 
attempt to maintain his daughter upon the throne. The 
sister of Francis was attached to Princess Elizabeth during 
her semi-imprisonment at Hatfield under Queen Mary, and 
was a member of Elizabeth's court after her accession to the 
throne. It is not to be wondered at that under these circum- 
stances Elizabeth was weU acquainted with the great wealth 
of Sir Francis Willoughby, which she knew "to be nothing 
inferiour to the best " (p. 538), and that she intended to knight 
him at the famous festivities at Kenilworth in 1566 (pp. 527-8), 
had he not slipped away. She expressed her intention of 
staying at his house (apparently meaning Middleton^) for two 

1 She stayed at Kenilworth as the guest of Leicester for nineteen days 
prior to 27 July, loTT), when she went to Lichfield for eight days. She seems 
to have made excursions in its neighbourhood (John Nichols, The Progresses 
and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth, new edition, 1823, i, pp. 459, 467, 
529). She announced her intention of staying with Sir Francis Willoughby on 
the 21st and 22nd July (p. 538, below). 



YUl 

nights in 1575, although he was still keeping out of her way 
(p. 538). It may be mentioned that Sir Henry Willoughby 
was the father of Sir Hugh Willoughby, the Arctic explorer, 
and father-m-law to Anthony Fitzherbert, the well-known 
legal writer. Besides the great queen, many famous historic 
figures flit across the pages of the report. 

The charters and deeds include three original charters of 
Henry II. and numerous twelfth-century private deeds. There 
are also three charters of Henry III. granting forfeited lands 
of the supporters of Simon de Montfort to Roger de Leyburn 
(pp. 71, 72), a stormy person who played a conspicuous part 
in the Barons' War. Two of these have escaped enrolment 
on the Charter RoUs. UnenroUed letters patent will be 
found at pp. 93, 109. The muniments of the De Leyburn 
family have supphed also the important agreement 
between Prince Edward and the Earl of Gloucester on 
14 March, 1259, in which the Earl, for himself and 
his allies, agrees to support Edward and his friends, 
among whom Roger de Leyburn is mentioned (p. 67). 
This agreement is, no doubt, connected with the 
first quarrel between Simon de Montfort and Gloucester in 
the recess after the February parliament of 1259. Matthew of 
Paris, who records this quarrel, does not fix the date beyond 
this rough indication, and it is therefore impossible to 
determine whether the agreement was a cause or a 
consequence of the quarrel, in which Gloucester was 
coerced by the barons. But the document is of 
great importance as marking the gaining over by Edward's 
diplomacy of Gloucester and his party, thus breaking 
up the baronial phalanx that had ruled the country 
since the Provisions of Oxford in the previous year. 
Another interesting record of the Barons' Wars is 
the order issued by Simon de Montfort and Hugh le 
Despenser, the justiciary, to the Bishop of Coventry 
and Roger de Leyburn to conduct personally Edmund 
(Crouchback), the king's son, and the constable of 
Dover Castle to that fortress in order to obtain its 
delivery to the Bishop of London in accordance with 
the agreement between the king and the barons (p. 70). 
The reference is not, as erroneously stated in the footnote at 
p. 71 to the Mise of Lewes in 1264, but to the agreement that 
the king was compelled to make with the Barons in the 
previous summer for the settlement of the disputes that had 
arisen regarding the provisions of Oxford. His assent was 
published on 16th July.^ The document must be dated 
between then and 18th July, when the king ordered his son 
Edmund and the constable to deliver Dover Castle to the 
Bishop of London, in which order he stated that the Barons 



1 Calendar of Patent Rolle, 1258-1266, p. 269. 



would send them a safe-conduct.^ This is evidently the 
present document. De Ley burn was at this time an adherent 
of De Montfort's, and accordingly represented the barons in 
this affair. It is not clear from what source came the letter 
of Queen Philippa in 1332 acknowledging receipt of some 
of her jewellery from Ida Lestrange, her " damoisele" (p. 90). 
The letter of Thomas de Berkeley and Anthony de Lucy 
relating to the movements of King David in Galloway, which 
we have assigned to October, 1342, is a curious survival in 
an unexpected quarter of a military or pohtical despatch of 
this period (p. 95). The retainer by Edward the Black Prince 
of Sir Baldwin de Freville in 1358 (p. 98) is undoubtedly in 
its right place in this collection, which includes so many of 
the FreviUe muniments. A similar remark may be made in 
reference to the retainer by John of Gaunt of Ralph Brace- 
bridge in 1385 (p. 99). The Filliol muniments have supplied 
the letter of Cardinal Beaufort in 1415, which bears his 
autograph signature (p. 102). In 1512 we have details of the 
artiUery taken to Spain in the expedition of the Marquis of 
Dorset, in which Sir Henry Willoughby was master of the 
ordnance (p. 128), and in which his son Edward participated 
(p. 146). The depositions against Sir Giles Strangeways, in 
or about 1539, allege serious interference with legal proceedings 
in Dorset and collusion with and protection of criminals (p. 142). 
A petition of Sir Edward Willoughby about the same date 
sets forth his long and honourable services in war and hints 
at some court intrigue against him (p. 146). A letter, 
unfortunately undated, but assignable to some date between 
1570 and 1583, to Sir Francis Willoughby from a former 
servant of his, named Marmion, affords us a ghmpse of Mary, 
Queen of Scots, during her imprisonment at Sheffield House, 
and gives a lively account of the domestic jars between the 
Earl of Shrewsbury, her gaoler, and his wife, the famous 
" Bess of Hard wick " (p. 152). There is an autograph letter 
from this resolute lady to Sir Francis Willoughby, in which 
she goes out of her way to oblige him financially (p. 161). 
The brutality of the time is exhibited in the public beating 
of two gentlewomen by the order of two London aldermen, 
which the queen avenged by drastic punishment (pp. 158, 568). 
A strange case of imposture practised upon John Darrel, the 
crazy exorcist, in 1597, is illustrated by the " note " at p. 165, 
which incidentally throws some light upon the manners and 
customs of the time. There is a contemporary MS. of the 
witty but bitterly sarcastic description of Scotland and its 
people in 1617 from the point of view of an Engfish courtier 

1 Calendar of Patent Rollsy 1258-1266, p. 270, Foedera, i., 427. Edmund and 
the constable had refused to dehver the castle to the Bishop, in accordance with 
the king's order of 10 July {Calendar, p. 269) because they had no safe-conduct 
and for other reasons stated in their letter dated 16 July (Ancient Corres- 
pondence, P.R.O., iii, no. 74, printed in Foedera, i, 427, with the unfortunate 
error of "xxvj" for "xvj" in the date). The castle was committed to 
Richard de Grey on the 26 July {Calendar, p. 271). 



in the King's train, which led to the dismissal from office of 
Sir Anthony Weldon (p. 184). There is also a contemporary 
copy of the strange political pamphlet purporting to be " Newes 
from Spaine," which was printed and instantly suppressed 
in 1620 (p. 187). At p. 193 is a contemporary account of the 
first skirmish between the king's army and the Scots at the 
outbreak of the Civil War in 1640 (p. 193). A letter of 
Panhekoe, Sachem of the Mohican Indians, sets out the 
grievances of his tribe for the information of Queen Anne's 
council (p. 195). 

Among documents of more special interest attention may 
be drawn to the representative of an exceedingly rare class 
of deed, so rare that this may possibly be unique— a written 
agreement, drawn up in English, about the year 1425 by 
villagers for the regulation of the cultivation of the common 
fields of their village, to which the consent of the lords of the 
manors is added in Latin (p. 106). Another uncommon deed 
is one from the year 1294, by which Richard de Willoughby 
and two other landowners in the village of Ruddington, Notts, 
demise, in the name of the communit}^ of the village, to the 
vicar upon his appointment all the houses built in the church- 
yard, with the herbage of the churchyard, and with certain 
fittings of the house (p. 82), which was evidently the vicarage 
house. The parish church of Ruddington, it may be well 
to remark, was at some little distance away in the lost village 
of Flawford, the parish of which included parts of three other 
villages besides Ruddington. About 1175 we have an instance 
of a grant to a church being witnessed by the entire parish 
(toki qmrrochia) (p. 12). A curious provision of a town house 
in 1273 by Sir Phihp Marmion will be found at p. 74. Several 
later instances of the possession of residences in London by 
great landowners occur in the report. The great traffic in 
indulgences on the eve of the Reformation has left its mark 
on this collection in the number of letters of fraternity with 
religious houses, some of which confer sweeping indulgences. 
So great was the demand that the resources of the printing 
press had to be invoked, the Friars CarmeUtes of England 
issuing printed letters as early as 1512 (p. 127), while the 
alderman and brethren of St. Mary's Guild in St. Botolph's 
church, Boston, issued in 1519 a much more elaborate letter, 
which was printed by Richard Pinson (p. 133). A French 
instance of a printed letter of indulgence on parchment 
bears the remarkably early date of 1454.^ The papal 
indulgence granted in 1521 to Sir Henry Willoughby and 
others is drawn up, but apparently not expedited, in the form 
of a certified copy by a papal penitenciary (p. 137). It is written 
in the curial minuscule of the time, and omits the pope's 
initial before the clause " concessum ut petitur " (p. 139). 
Otherwise it is drawn up in the usual form of a confessionale, 



A Becueil des Fac-airmlig d Vtuage de VEcole dea Ghartes, plate 330, No. 7. 



XI 

the class of document to which it belongs, setting out the 
petition (supplicatio) of the persons seeking the indulgences.^ 
The original letters of the guardian of the Observant Friars 
of Mount Sion creating Sir John Willoughby a knight of the 
Holy Sepulchre in consequence of his travels in the Holy Land, 
dated 1521, may also be mentioned in this connexion (p. 140). 

The situation of the WoUaton district on the outcrop of 
the great Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire coalfield caused 
it to be the scene of early coalmining, upon which considerable 
Hght is thrown by the numerous papers concerned with this 
industry. It is somewhat surprising to find that in 1316 
the workings were already so deep that provision had to be 
made in a demise of a pit for non-payment of the rent or 
royalty in case the seven miners to whom the pit was let 
were prevented from working by the " ventus, qui vacatur 
le dampe " (p. 88 ; cf. p. 100). This carries the history of 
fire-damp three centuries beyond the earliest quotation in 
the New English Dictionary. Another interesting feature is 
the record of the use at the end of Elizabeth's reign of rails 
for the conveyance of coals to the riverside for shipment 
(pp. 169, 177). There are papers relating to a project for carrying 
coal by the Trent to Hull for shipment to London a few years 
later (p. 171), but the cost of conveying the coal to Newark 
or Gainsborough, transhipping it there, and the freight from Hull 
rendered this attempt to compete with the Newcastle supply 
unprofitable. There is an elaborate plan of the same period 
for pumping water out of the pits (p. 173), which shows the 
great depth of the workings. The difficulty of draining the 
pits is recognised three centuries earlier (p. 88; cf. p. 100). 
Incidentally many early mining terms are illustrated. The 
sister-industry of the working of ironstone in this district 
was carried on at least as early as the middle of the thirteenth 
century (p. 75). There are papers of interest from a later 
period concerning the forging of ironstone in this and other 
districts. 

Under the heading of books in general attention may be 
called to the most interesting contribution to palaeography 
contained in the collection, ten leaves of an early eighth-century 
uncial copy of the Latin vulgate (pp. 196, 611). Another 
leaf from the same magnificent codex was discovered at 
Durham by Canon Greenwell in use as a cover for an eighteenth- 
century account book, a similar fate to that undergone by 
the WoUaton leaves. Canon Greenwell has suggested that 
this codex was one of the three written by order of Abbot 
Ceolfrid shortly after the year 700. One of these is 
the Codex Amiatinus, the most famous codex of the 

1 The handwriting agrees in general character with facsimiles 1, 3, and 4 
given by Dr. Ludwig Sclimitz-Kallenberg, Practica Cancellariae Apostolicae 
Saeculi XV exeuntis, ein Handbiich far den Verkehr mit der papatlichen 
Kanzlei, Miinster (Westphalia), 1904, whore the cost and method of obtaining 
such indulgences from the papal officers are described. 



Xll 



Vulgate, now in the Florence library. Thus these leaves 
may represent one of the three oldest MS. books that 
are known to have been written in England. Another 
interesting MS. is recorded by the fragments of the Worcester 
chartulary drawn up about the year 1000, which are printed 
and described at p. 197 sqq. This is the oldest EngUsh 
chartulary of which we have any trace. Four leaves from 
this codex are preserved in the British Museum among the 
Cottonian MSS., including the leaf that precedes and the one 
that follows the complete leaf at WoUaton. This and the 
Vulgate MS., the Green well leaf of which is now in the British 
Museum, are curious instances of the vicissitudes of MSS., 
and make us reahse what precious MSS. were sold as waste 
paper at the dissolution of the monasteries. 

Of more strictly historical interest is the register of Thomas 
Field, abbot of Burton on Trent from 1472 to 1493 (p. 247 sqq), in 
which, besides an interesting medieval English version of the will 
of Wulfric Spott, the founder of the abbey (p. 253) , one of the most 
valuable relics of the opening years of the eleventh century, 
and a detailed account of the intrigues of the bishop of the 
diocese and a local knight in connexion with the election of an 
abbot in 1430-32 (p. 248 sqq.) , there'are entered copies of important 
public documents of the time. These include a copy (or rather 
a translation) of a letter from the king's representative in the 
papal curia in 1492, who can be identified with John de Gigliis, 
subsequently bishop of Worcester (pp. 259, 612). In this 
letter the king was informed of the fall of Granada and of 
the discovery of a fragment of the Cross in a church at Rome, 
besides news connected with the diplomatic moves of the 
leading European monarchs. This letter is a welcome addition 
to the scanty diplomatic records of Henry VII., and it was 
so highly esteemed that the two pieces of news mentioned 
above were proclaimed by the Lord Chancellor at a special 
service in St. Paul's (p. 612). The register also contains a 
good specimen of the prognostications in which the nation 
from the king downwards took so great an interest (pp. 263, 613). 
There is also preserved in this register a copy of a memorandum 
concerning the erection of a staple for metals in 1492 
(pp. 266, 613), an economic act that seems to have escaped 
the attention of historians. 

Of volumes of exclusively literary interest the most note- 
worthy is an early thirteenth-century MS. of French romances 
and fabliaux, several of which are inedited, written in the 
Picard dialect (p. 221), which introduces a new figure, that 
of Master Heldris de Cornvalle, into the crowded gallery of 
the poets of the Arthurian cycle (p. 224). The thirteenth 
century collection of Latin verses on subjects of grammar, 
which, despite the bizarre nature of the selections, formed 
part of the curriculum throughout Western Europe, contains 
traces of schoolboy owners of the fourteenth and fifteenth 
centuries, showing that even then the schoolboy sought relief 



xm 

from the monotony of the task of learning by spasmodic 
scribblings (p. 212). And this inevitable tedium must have 
been needlessly increased for these students by the crabbed 
and archaic handwriting and the violent abbreviations of the 
words by contraction, by suspension, by special and by con- 
ventional signs, and the other devices of the medieval book- 
scribe. The other books call for no special notice here. 

The household accounts, with the exception of one of Henry, 
Lord Grey of Codnor, in 1304-5 (p. 324), relate only to the 
sixteenth century. They illustrate, like the accounts in the 
fourth volume of the Report on the MSS. of the Duke of 
Rutland, with which they have many points in common, 
the minute care with which the household expenditure was 
recorded, and they consequently throw numerous side-lights 
upon the domestic life of the time. The accounts of travelling 
expenses show the great trains which gentlemen were com- 
pelled to take with them. A Utter for a lady's use was not 
in ordinary use, as we see from the payment for fetching a 
borrowed one from a considerable distance (p. 425). There 
are entries of the expenses of staying at court, of eating dinners 
at the inns of court, and various other features of a gentleman's 
life in the capital and at court. There are records of the 
expenses incurred during hunting and other sports, losses at 
cards and other games, and of the constant stream of gifts 
and rewards to poor men, old soldiers, prisoners, and other 
objects of compassion, to pardoners, hermits, preachers, and 
boy-bishops, to troops of players (who often came from great 
distances), Cornish wrestlers, singers, harpers, waits, jugglers, 
men travelling with strange beasts, such as apes, bears, and 
camels, and to poor university scholars and travellers from 
abroad. In 1573 there is an express record of the playing of 
an interlude (p. 424). Mention is also made of the playing 
of music before the master's door on New Year's Day, and 
of the presents to him of " posies " by young maidens on 
his setting forth from his house. His services as godfather 
were in frequent request. A noteworthy feature in regard 
to christenings is the use of Huntingdon as a Christian name, 
which seems to be derived from the connexion of the family 
with that of the Earl of Huntingdon. One bearer of this 
Christian name, Huntingdon Shaw, is famous as the maker of 
the beautiful ironwork door-screens at Hampton Court. 
Rewards are given to young maidens who act as the master's 
valentine. Medical history is illustrated by payments for 
medicines, the fetching of doctors from London, their fees, 
costs of travelling, etc. There are numerous payments for 
articles of clothing, male and female, some of which are still 
preserved. Payments occur for school fees and school books 
and for education at school and at Cambridge. The purchase 
of books for the use of Sir Francis Willoughby, the builder of 
Wollaton, as a boy show the wide range of the education 
of a gentleman of high rank in the middle of the sixteenth 



XIV 

century. His school curriculum included Latin, Greek, 
Hebrew, music, and the gentlemanly accomplishments, such 
as fencing. There are also details of the education of 
Sir Hugh Willoughby, the Arctic explorer who perished in 
Spitzbergen. The soldiers' costume of 1522 is recorded (p. 345). 
The ample hospitality of the time is illustrated by the names 
of persons, drawn from various social strata, who dined in 
the Hall, which was a sort of open house for all wayfarers. 
The formal and stately ritual of the Hall is set out minutely 
in Sir Francis Willoughby's regulations for his household 
(p. 538). The practice of the numerous domestic industries 
of the household and the great use made of fairs for the 
purveyance of such things as were not produced on the estate 
are recorded at ample length. The household fool duly 
appears, and there is even a record of a female fool (p. 543). 
The visit of Queen Anne, the wife of James I., to Wollaton 
on her first arrival in England as queen is recorded in the 
account at p. 463, and the names of the chambers at Wollaton 
Hall occupied by her and her family preserved the memory 
of her sojourn (pp. 463, 486). 

The Household accounts and other papers have yielded a 
rich crop of obsolete terms, some of which are unrecorded 
in the New English Dictionary, and some still await explana- 
tion. A list of these words will be found in the index under 
the word " glossary." 

The collection contains few specimens of a class of documents 
that have, perhaps, the widest popular appeal — private letters. 
They seem to have disappeared, with a few exceptions, in the 
eighteenth century, when the Hall was stripped of its furniture 
upon the death of the fourth Lord in 1781, or when the muni- 
ment room was arranged. We have evidence that Sir Francis 
Willoughby, the builder, a man of very methodical habits, 
carefully preserved his correspondence (p. 538), and his son- 
in-law and successor, Sir Percival Willoughby, seems to have 
followed his example. Fortunately a descendant, Cassandra 
Willoughby, Duchess of Chandos, the daughter of Francis 
Willoughby, the natural philosopher, has preserved the gist 
and sometimes the text of many letters of the sixteenth century 
in the history of the family which she drew up with considerable 
abihty in 1702 (p. 504). The loss of the full text of some of these 
letters is to be regretted, but still we obtain much information 
from her work as to the life of the sixteenth century in its 
many aspects. Some of these letters are interesting from 
the point of view of style, being written when the English 
language had reached its fullest perfection as a literary vehicle 
and when every educated person seemed to be a natural 
stylist. Lady Willoughby's letters show a directness and 
forcibility of expression that is thoroughly Elizabethan 
(pp. 568, 569). The love-letters of Percival Willoughby and 
Griffin Markham are redolent of the literary atmosphere of 
love in Shakespeare's time. The letters deal principally with 



XV 

the unhappy domestic life of Sir Francis Willoughby, caused 
by the hysterical nature of his wife and fomented by the 
intrigues of the numerous body of gentlemen servants in his 
household, the leader being a foreign adventurer (pp. 533, 
660, 561-2). The plotters even went to the dangerous length 
of accusing Sir Francis of complicity with the Spaniards in 
the year of the Great Armada (p. 567). The story winds up 
with the quarrel of Sir Francis with his son-in-law Sir Percival, 
and of his passionate dispatch of his steward to London to 
find him a second wife (p. 574). The lady whom he thus 
espoused in a fit of pique seems to have led him anything but 
a quiet life and to have left him to die alone and uncared for 
in London, and was even suspected bj^ the family of having 
poisoned him (p. 582). Sir Francis impoverished himself 
by his building and land-purchases and by his attempts to 
grow woad, to make iron and glass, and, partly owing to this 
and to the portion left to his second wife, a mere shadow of 
his estates passed to Sir Percival Willoughby, his son-indaw, 
the grandson of Sir Edward Willoughby, who united the 
families of Willoughby of Wollaton and of Willoughby 
D'Eresby, through whom Lord Middleton comes to represent 
the male line of the great baronial family of Willoughby 
D'Eresby. 

The inspector would wish to tender to Lord and Lady 
Middleton his most sincere thanks for their kindness, interest 
and hospitality during the lengthy preparation of this report, 
which has failed to exhaust their patience. 

W. H. STEVENSON. 



THE MANUSCRIPTS 

OF 

LORD MIDDLETON, 

PRESERVED AT 

WOLLATON HALL, NOTTS. 



I. CHARTERS, LETTERS, Etc. 



[c. 1150.] — Grant by Aschetin^ [Ansketil] de Ridale [Rye- 
dale, CO. York] and his wife Acilia to the nuns of Watton [co. 
York] of land in Bridesale [Birdsall, co. York]. 

Cunctis Christi fideHbus Aschetinus de Ridale et sponsa 
ejus Acilia, salutem. 

Notum sit vobis, quod nos et filii nostri Willelmus^ et 
Walterus^ et cgteri heredes nostri concessimus et dedimus 
sanctimonialibus de Wattona dimidiam carucatam terrg in 
Bridesale, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in pratis et pascuis 
et c^^teris adjacentiis quibuscumque* [q.ug] ad cam pertinent, 
sive intra villam aut extra villam, videlicet illam, quam 
Godefridus et Walterus tenuerunt, qug est de feudo Rodberti 
de Ros,^ insimul cum Matilda lilia nostra, qug ibi habitum 
religionis suscepit, in perpetuam elemosinam tam libere quam 
liberius aliqua elemosina potest donari religiosis, sine omni 
exactione et sine omni seculari servitio preter solum statu- 
tum Danegeldum. Eapropter warantizabimus istam nostram 

1 Cf. Anschetinus son of William son of Acchelin, in Walter Espec's 
foundation deed of Rievaiilx Abbey (Rievaulx Chartulary, Surtees Soc, p. 
21), and the Aschetiniis of an early i2th cent, charter in the Whitby Char- 
tulary, Surtees Soc. p. 457, and Aschetil, Aschetin, Asketin de Hauchesgard 
[Hawkaker] of the same period in tlie same chartulary, pp. 132, 176, 179, etc. 

2 A William son of Anschetil is mentioned under Yorkshire in 1164-5 
(Pipe Roll, 11 Henry II., p. 52). In 1166 he held part of a knight's fee of 
the fee of Warter, co. York {Red Book of the Exchequer, i., p. 435 ; Liher 
Niger, p. 328), and in 1167-8 (Pipe Roll, 14 Henry II., p. 89). 

3 Walter son of Asketin, Asketil, is returned in 1166 as holding knights* 
fees in co. York {Red Book, i., p. 419, 433 ; Liber Niger, pp. 309, 325). 

* qucBCunque, MS. 

5 Nephew of Walter Espec (ob. 1153), whose foundation deed of Rie- 
vaulx Abbey he confirmed {Report on MSS. of the Duke of Rutland, iv., p. 
25 ; Rievaulx Chartulary, p. 21). He is mentioned in the Pipe Rolls from 
1157-8 to 1162-3, about which time he died, perhaps during the latter year, 
as nothing is entered against his name, and Everard de Ros (his son) is charged 
in this and the two following years with debts. In 1165-6 WiUiam de Percy 
fined in 400 marks in order to have {i.e. to marry) Robert's wife (Pipe Roll, 
12 Henry II., p. 81, and following years). 

M X 



elemosinam per omnia et in omnibus et de omnibus rebus, 
excepto Danegeldo jam dicto, istis sanctimonialibus. Et 
quia ista dimidia carucata terrg fuit mariagium jam dictg 
Acili^ sponsg meg, ego Aschetinus dedi ei escambium tanti 
redditus in Holm^ assensu et bona ejus voluntate. Et istg 
sanctimoniales susceperunt me et banc sponsam meam Aciliam 
et patrem ejus Willelmum de Steinesgrife^ et matrem ejus 
Matildam in perpetuam fraternitatem et plenariam partici- 
pationem orationum et beneficiorum totius ordinis sui. 

His testibus : Capellano Sanctg Marig de Malt[ona] ; et 
Magistro Gillb[erto] de Semppngeham]^ ; et Willelmo de 
Vesci* ; Willelmo Latim[er] ; Seer de Quinci ; Galfrido de 
Valoin[iis] ; Willelmo filio Walonis^ ; Alardo de Crandala ; 
Waltero Falconario ; et Willelmo fratre ejus ; Rannulfo 
clerico ; Willelmo clerico, nepote Aschetini ; Henrico decano ; 
Magistro Stephano ; Alano filio Landrici ; Helia nepote 
Willelmi Latim[er] ; Waltero Engainn' ; Michaeli filio Alfredi ; 
Warino de Vesci® ; Alexandro^ 

Detached seal, hearing a lion coward, inscribed : Sigillvm 

ASKETINI DE RiDALE. 

[1155, January] — ^Charter of Henry II. confirming to Fulk 
de Luisuris [Lisores] his father's lands, with the forestries 
of [North] Hants, Huntingdonshire, and Buckinghamshire. 

H[enricus], Rex Angl[orum], et Dux Norm[annorum] et Aquit- 
[anorum], et Comes And[egavorum], omnibus archiepiscopis, 
episcopis, comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, 
et omnibus fidelibus suis, Franc[is] et Angl[is], salutem. 

1 ? Holme-on-the-Wolds, co. York. 

2 Stonegrave, co. York. William de Steinesgrif witnessed Walter 
Espec's foundation deed of Rievaulx Abbey, 1131-1136, (Rievaulx Char- 
tulary, p. 21) and Robert de Ros's confirmation of it (see note 5, above), and 
also charters c. 1150 in the Whitby Chartulary, pp. 205, 207. He is returned 
in 1106 as holding part of a knight's fee under Everard de Ros, Robert's son 
{Red Book, i., p. 433 ; Liher Niger, p. 325). 

3 The founder of the order of Sempringham, who died at a very 
advanced age in 1189. 

* William de Vesci was sheriff of Northumberland in 1156-7 and died 
before 1184-5 {Rotuli de Dominabus, pp. 5, 42). 

5 William son of Galo witnesses a charter of William de Vesci between 
1154 and 1181 in the Rievaulx Chartulary, p. 139. 

6 Witnesses a charter of William de Vesci, 1154-1181, in the Rievaulx 
Chartulary, p. 139. He is probably " Warin the Clerk, grandson of Eustace 
son of John " of the charter at p. 4 below, as William de Vesci was the son 
of this Eustace, who was killed in Wales in 1157 (Dugdale, Baronage, i., 
p. 91b), 

7 This deed is preserved, with the other early Birdsall deeds printed 
below, in a small box in a large chest containing other Birdsall deeds, which 
are of much later date. 

8 This charter is limited by the mention of Thomas [Becket] as chan- 
cellor to a date earlier than 3 June, 1162, when he was consecrated archbishop 
of Canterbury. Henry was at Northampton in January, 1155 (Eyton, Court, 
Household and Itinerary of Henry II., p. 3), and in July, 1157 (ib. p. 25). As 
Fulk accounts in 1155-6 under Northamptonshire for the census of the forests 
in his custody {Pipe Roll, 2 Henry II., p. 42), it is clear that the present 
charter must be referred to 1155, 



3 

Sciatis me reddidisse et confirmasse Fulc[oni] de Luisurisi 
in feodo et hereditate, sibi et heredibus suis, omnes terras 
et teneuras patris sui, cum ministerio suo de forestariis 
Hantesire^ et Hundedz^riescire et Buchingehamsire, sicut pater 
suus ea tenuit melius tempore H[enrici] Regis, avi mei. 

Quare volo et firmiter precipio, quod ipse et heredes sui 
omnia predicta teneant bene et in pace, libere, quiete et 
honorifice, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in bosco et piano, 
in viis et semitis, pratis et pascuis, in aquis et molendinis, 
et in omnibus rebus, cum omnibus consuetudinibus ad ea 
pertinentibus, et cum libertatibus suis, sicut pater suus vel 
avus liberius et melius tenuit tempore Regis H[enrici], avi 
mei. 

Testibus : Toma Cancellario ; Reg[inaldo], Comite Com- 
[ubie] ; H. de Essex', const[abulario] ; Ricardo de Hum[ez], 
Const[abulario] ; Jocel[ino] de Baill[iolo]. 

Apud North[antonam]. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1160] — Grant by Ascilia or Aciria, late the wife of Asketin 
[Ansketil] de Ridale, to the nunnery of Watton [co. York] 
of land in Briddesale [Birdsall, co. York]. 

2 Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Ascilia, ^ que fui sponsa 
Asketini de Ridale, concessi et dedi et hac mea carta con- 
firmavi, in libera viduitate mea, concessu et assensu Willelmi 
et Walteri, filiorum meorum, et aliorum heredum meorum, 
Deo et Beate Marie et sanctimonialibus de Watt[ona] et 
fratribus earum, clericis et laicis, unam carrucatam terre de 
libero mariagio meo, que est de feudo Roberti de Ros in 
territorio de Briddessale, cum omnibus pertinenciis suis infra 
villam et extra,* in perpetuam possessionem tenendam de 
me et heredibus meis ; reddendo mihi et heredibus meis 
annuatim viginti solidos argenti, et ex ilia carrucata terre 
faciendo mihi et heredibus meis et defendendo totum 
forinsecum servicium ejusdem carrucate terre cum acciderit 
et unius dimidie carrucate terre in eadem villa de Briddessale, 
quam dimidiam carrucatam terre Asketinus, vir mens, prius 
eis dederat et carta^ sua confirmaverat in perpetuam elemo- 
sinam cum Matilda, filia sua et mea, que ibi habitum 
religionis suscepit. Et quia dimidia carrucata terre erat de 
libero mariagio meo, dedit mihi vir meus Asketinus excambium 

1 Northamptonshire. See preceding note and Pipe Rolls, 4 Henry 
II., p. 143, and the succeeding rolls up to the 23rd year. In 1166 R. de Lisuriia 
returns under Northants that he has the king's forestry of fee {Liber Niger 
Scaccarii, ed. Heame, ed. 2, i., p. 215 ; Red Book of the Exchequer, i. p. 333), 
which has puzzled Dugdale {Baronage, i. p. 597), but it would seem, from the 
evidence of the Pipe Rolls, that R. is a mistake for F. 

2 There are two exemplars of this charter, both in the same hand- 
writing, but one of them written in larger letters. They are preserved in the 
chest of Birdsall deeds (see page 2, note 7 above). The variant readings 
are noted. 

3 Aciria, B. 

* villam, add. B. 

* See page 1 above. 



in Holm ad valenciam tanti redditns. Ego vero et heredes 
mei post me warantizabimus omnia predicta prefatis sancti- 
monialibus et earum fratribus contra omnes homines de 
calumpniis et omnibus rebus in perpetuum. 

His testibus : Greggorio, priore de Bredlint[ona]i ; 
Ernisio, priore de Mart[ona]2 ; Willelmo de Vesci ; Willelmo 
Latim[erp ; Symone de Staingrive* ; Warino clerico, nepote 
Eustachii filii Johannis^ ; Adam de Gart[ona]* ; Stephano 
de Killum^ ; Magistro Stephano legista ; Nicholao, persona 
de Hugate^ ; Alexandro de Sant[ona]^ ; Alexandro Came- 
rario^o ; Petro fih'o Willelmi de Cava^^ ; Willelmo fratre ejus^^ . 
Petro filio Alexandri de Sant[ona]. 

Large elliptical seals, one {A) in red wax, the other (B) in 
green, with central ornament ; inscription : + Sigillvm 

ACIRIE. 

[c. 1170] — Grant by John de Arden to Amable, daughter 
of William Fund[wi] of land [in Kingsbury, co. Warwick]. 

Sciant tam presentes quam futuri, quod ego Johannes 
de Arden' dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta con- 
firmavi Amable filie Willelmi Fund' et heredibus suis 
aliut dimidium prati, quod fuit Herberti de Kinesb[eri], 
scilicet inter semitam et Stanstret', ei et heredibus suis : 
tenendum de me et heredibus meis libere, solute et quiete ; 
reddendo annuatim michi et heredibus meis quasdam 
cirotecas de Coventr[eia] ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro omni 
servicio. 

His testibus : Rogero decano, Thoma persona, Willelmo 
Marescallo, Ricardo, fratre ejus, Willelmo, fratre Johannis, 
Roberto, fratre ejus, Nicolao de Esbroc',!^ Walterode Plumton', 



1 Bredlingtona, B, Gregory, prior of Bridlington, witnesses deeds be- 
tween 1154 and 1181 (Rievaulx Chartnlary, pp. 138, 165, 173 ; Whitby Char- 
tulary, pp. 39, 48, 57), between 1154 and 1167 and after 1181 (Guisbrough 
Chartnlary, ii., pp. 47, 83), and in 1175 (Rievaulx Chartulary, p. 82; cf. 
also ibid. p. 107). 

2 Martona, B. Marton-in-the-Foyest, co. York. Prior Hemiseus (mis- 
printed Herviseo) witnessed a charter between 1154 and 1170 in the Whitby 
Chartulary, p. 185. 

3 Witnesses a charter between 1154 and 1181 (Rievaulx Chartulary, 
p. 139). 

4 Witnesses charters between 1154 and 1181 (Rievaulx Chartulary, 
pp. 24, 113) and in 1175 {Ibid. pp. 82, 83 ; cf. also ibid. p. 79). 

6 Eustace son of John was killed in 1167. 

6 Garton-on-the-Wolds, co. York. 

7 Stephen de Killum [Kilham, co. York] is one of the knights mentioned 
with William de Steingciva in a charter of about the date assigned to the 
present one (Rievaulx Chartulary, p. 112; cf. also ibid. p. 132). 

^ Huggate, CO. York. 
9 Santona, B. Sancton, co. York. 
1" The Alexander the Chamberlain of the Rievaulx Chartulary, p. 232 
note, Guisbrough Chartulary, ii., p. 6 note, is probably another person. 

11 Petro de Cava, B. Cave, co. York. 

12 Perhaps the William de Cava of the Guisbrough Chartulary, ii., p. 
256. 

13 Esbroc was in the parish of Kingsbury (Dugdale, Warmickehiret p. 
761a). 



Hugone de Esbroc', Heminco filio Ricardi, Ricardo, qui 
scripsit banc cartam, et multis aliis. 
Fragment of seal. 

[c. 1170] — Grant by Robert de Cathorp [Caythorpe, parish 
of Lowdbam, co. Notts] to Godwin son of Alfwin de Eperstona 
[Epperston, co. Notts] of land near tbe bedge between 
Wdburc and Ludam [Woodborougb and Lowdbam, co. 

Notts]. 

Sciant tarn presentes quam futuri, quod ego Robertus de 
Catborp dedi et concessi, et bac carta mea confirmavi, 
Godwino filio Alfwini de Eperstona terram meam, que est 
inter vias ad divisam inter Wdburc et Ludam, sibi et 
beredibus suis tenendum de me et beredibus meis ; reddendo 
mibi annuatim vi. denarios ad festum Sancti Micbaelis pro 
omni servicio ad me pertinente. Pro bac vero donacione 
dedit mibi predictus Godwinus iiij°'' solidos. 

Testibus istis : Roberto Cappellano ; Roberto de Habtot ; 
Hasculfo, fratre suo ; Roberto de Birtona^ ; Willelmo filio 
suo ; Elia de Pasci ; Manfrido de Turgartona^ ; Radulfo 
Prenloue ; Roberto filio Jobannis ; Waltero de Colingbam* ; 
et multis aliis. 

Fragment of seal in ivhite wax. 

[c. 1170]— Grant by William I, earl of Ferrers [1163-1173], to 
Roger son of Reinfrid of tbe marsb of Hanwortb [co. 
Lincoln ?]. 

Willelmus, Comes de Ferr[ariis], tam present! bus quam 
futuris, salutem. 

Sciatis, quod ego concessi et bac carta mea confirmavi 
Rogero filio Reinfrai* et beredibus suis, ad tenendum de 
Rogero de Inges et beredibus suis, mariscum de Hanewerda, 
quod pertinet ad feudum predicti Rogeri de Inges, et quod 
mariscum idem Rogerus [de] Inges dedit predicto Rogero 
filio Reinfrai et beredibus suis, tenendum de eo et beredibus 
suis, pro vj. denariis annuatim pro omni servitio. Et pro 
bac concessione et confirmacione, predictus Rogerus filius 
Reinfrai dedit mibi dimidiam marcam argenti et Comitisse 
Sibille, uxori mee, unum bisancium. 

1 Burton Joyce, co. Notts. Robert de Burton witnessed a deed of 
about this date quoted by Thoroton {Antiqq. of Nottinghamshire, 228a) from 
the burnt register of Lenton Priory. 

2 Thurgarton, co. Notts. 

3 CoUingham, co. Notts. 

•* Roger son of Reinfrid was a justice in Eyre in 1176 (Benedict Abbas, 
i., p. 107 ; Roger of Hoveden, ii., p. 87). He was one of the five associated 
with the bishop of Durham and the earl of Albemarle for the government 
of the realm by Richard I. in 1189 (Hoveden, iii., p. 16). He was excommuni- 
cated in 1191 by Longchamps {Id. iii., p. 153). See Foss, Biographia 
Jnridica. 



6 

Hiis testibus : Roberto de Aubini, et Roberto de Ferr[ariis], 
fratre meo^ ; Henrico filio Walk[elini]2 ; Nicholao filio Pag- 
[ani] ; Johanne de Croel ; Willelmo clerico ; Alano de 
Thichehale^ ; Henrico de Stantona ; Rogero de Ardena ; 
Willelmo de Arundell' ; Oseberto Noel ; Gileberto de 
Chaent ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 



[c. 1170] — Grant by prior B. and the chapter of Newburgh 
[co. York] to William de Stuteville that they will find a 
chaplain to sing for his soul daily in the chapel of Gillingemora 
[Gilling, CO. York]. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis B.* prior et capitulum 
ecclesie Sancte Marie de Novoburgo, salutem. Sciatis nos 
concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse Willelmo de Stute- 
villa^ et heredibus suis, pro devotione, quam habuit erga 
ecclesiam nostrara, quod nos inveniemus capellanum residentem 
in capella de Gillingemora in perpetuum, qui ibi cotidie cantet 
pro salute anim^ predicti Willelmi de -Stutevilla et pro 
animabus patris et matris ejus et omnium antecessorum 
ejus. 

Hiis testibus : Willelmo clerico de Cothingeham,^ Ricardo 
clerico de Botshal,"^ Hugone capellano, Bartholomeo de 
Stutevilla,^ Roberto de Melsa,^ Benedicto de Sculecotes/^ 



1 Cf. Report on the Duke of Rutland's MSS., iv., p. 31. 

2 Cf. Id. p. 32. 

3 Ticknall, co. Derby. 

* Bernard, prior of Newburgh, was one of the three persons nominated 
by the canons of York to the king for the vacant archbishopric in 1186 
(Benedict Abbas, i,, p. 352). He occurs in a deed of 1189-1199 (Rievaulx 
Chartulary, p. 235), and in 1199 {Charters, etc., of Finchale Priory, Surtees 
Soc, p. 13). But this is, perliaps, not the prior B. of the present charter, 
for prior Richard occurs between 1180 and 1190 (Guisbrough Chartulary, 
ii., p. 255 note 3). 

5 William de Stuteville was made governor of Topcliff Castle, co. York, 
in 1173-4 (Dugdale, Baronage, i., p. 456a) and died 1202 (Matt. Paris, 
Chronica Majora ii., p. 480). He was ahve on 7 July, 1202 {Rotuli Litterarum 
Patentium, p. 14a), but dead before 4 June, 1203 (Ibid, p. 30a). 

6 Cottingham, co. York. 

7 Bossall, CO. York. 

8 Witnesses a charter of Robert de Stuteville, father of William, who 
died in or before 1186 (Eyton, Court, etc., of Henry II., p. 273) in the Rievaulx 
Chartulary, Surtees Soc, p. 82. Bartholomew de Stuteville occurs in 1200 
(Rotuli de Ohlatis, p. 111). 

® Robert son of John de Melsa [Meaux, parish of Wawne, co. York], 
was a benefactor of Meaux Abbey between 1160 and 1182 {Chronica Monaaterii 
de MeUa, i., pp. 159, 168). 

10 Sculcoats, in Kingston-upon-Hull. Benedict de Sculecote is returned 
in 1166 as holding part of a knight's fee in Yorkshire {Red Book, ii., p. 414; 
Liber Niger, p. 305, where it is wrongly printed Sculetont). He was a bene- 
factor to Meaux Abbey between 1160 and 1182 {Chron. de Melsa, L, pp. 168-9). 
See also Rievaulx Chartulary, pp. 84, 303. Benedict de Sculecote (a descen- 
dant ?) is returned in 1210-12 as holding part of a knight's fee in co. York 
{Red Book, ii., pp. 492, 495). 



Radulfo filio Paulini Eborac[ensis], Adam de Staveleia,^ 
Roberto filio Givonis,^ Johanne Burgenun, Martino de 
Rothomago, Ricardo Golle, Laurentio de Donecast[ria]. 

Large seal in coloured wax, hearing a figure of the Virgin 
and Child, and inscribed ; " . . . Marie de Nevbvr," 
the Ne being a ligature. 



[c. 1170] — Grant by William de Heriz to Robert de Auvers 
of his land in Treberchis [? Thrybergh, co. York]. 

Willelmus de Heriz ^ omnibus hominibus suis et amicis 
suis, salutem. Sciatis me dedisse Roberto de Auvers* 
totam terram meam de Treberchis, cum omnibus pertinenciis 
suis, in feudo et in hereditate, ei et heredibus suis de me et 
heredibus meis tenendam, pro omni servicio ad me pertinenti ; 
reddendo singulis annis quendam nisum sorum. Quare volo, 
ut predictus Robertus teneat eandem terram bene et libere 
sicut ego ipse, faciendo forense servicium. 

Hiis testibus (sic) : Willelmus AveneP et Gervasius^ frater 
ejus, Simon filius Ricardi,' et Herebertus ejus frater, et 



1 Staveley, co. York. Cf. Rotuli de Finihus, pp. 207, 332. 

" Givo witnesses a charter of Robert de Stuteville (probably the father 
of the grantee of the present charter) in the Riveaulx Chartulary p. 62. A 
Givo de Fademore witnesses at p. 131 of the same chartulary. 

3 WilHam de Heriz is returned in 1166 as holding knights' fees in cos. 
Notts and Lincoln [Red Book of the Exchequer, i. pp. 342, 383 ; Liber Niger 
Scaccarii, ed. Hearne, ed. 2, pp. 224, 271). He is mentioned in the Pipe Rolls 
under cos. Notts and Derby from 1168-9 to 1177-8 (15 to 24 Henry II.), and 
in 1168-9 under Yorkshire. In 1178-9 his lands were in the king's hands by 
reason of his death (Pipe Roll, 25 Henry II., ro. Id.), and in 1179-80 Robert 
de Heriz made a fine of 100^. to have the lands of his brother William (Pipe 
Roll, 26 Henry II., ro. 10c?). 

* Robert de Alvers is returned in 1166 as a tenant in co. Warwick {Red 
Book, i., p. 326 ; Liber Niger, p. 205). His name occurs in the long list of 
gentry amerced in 1176 in cos. Notts and Derby (Pipe Roll, 22 Hen. II., 
p. 96 ; 23 Hen. II., p. 60) as a result of the king's oppressive decision regard- 
ing the forests at Nottingham in 1176 (Benedict Abbas, i. p. 94; Roger of 
Hoveden ii., p. 79). He is mentioned as a security in the Pipe Rolls for Notts 
and Derby for 1198-9 (1 John, ro. 15). He witnesses a Derbyshire charter of 
the time of Henry II. {Rutland MSS., iv. p. 54). 

5 Mentioned under co. Northampton in 1161-2, 1162-3, 1164-5, 1168-9 
(Pipe Rolls 8, 9, 11, and 15 Henry II.). In 1175-6 he was one of the sur- 
veyors of the building of the tower of Peak Castle, co. Derby (Pipe Roll, 
22 Henry II., p. 90). See Rutland MSS., iv., p. 24. 

Gervase Avenel answers for the land of I3assetlaw [co. Notts] in 1 155-6, 
1156-7, and 1157-8 (Pipe Roll, 2 Henry II., p. 39 ; 3 Hen. II., p. 90, 4 Hen. 
II., p. 153). In 1172-3 he was a surveyor of the works at Bolsover Castle 
(Pipe Roll, 19 Hen. II., p. 177) and of the building of the tower of Peak Castle 
in 1175-6 and 1176-7 (Pipe Roll, 22 Hen. II., p. 90, 23 Hen. II., p. 57). In 
1179-80 the sheriff of Notts and Derby answers for the corn sold from his 
lands (Pipe Roll, 26 Hen. II., ro. lOd.). 

7 He was pardoned two marks in 1158-9 under cos. Notts and Derby 
(Pipe Roll, 5 Henry II., p. 52), and was fined for trespass of the forest under 
these counties in 1175-6 and 1176-7 (Pipe Roll, 22 Hen. II., p. 94, 23 Hen. 
XL, p. 60). He is also mentioned in 1180-1 (27 Hen. II., ro. Id), in 1182-3 
(29 Hen. II., ro. 8), and in 1197-8 (10 Rich. I., ro. 8). He died during the 
latter year, for his widow Juetta fined for a writ of dower {ibid,). 



8 

Willelmus f rater ipsius Roberti, et Hugo de Hedun,i Robertas 
de Heriz,2 Petrus de Heriz, Philippus Uphtunie. 
Seal missing. 

[c. 1170] — Grant by Robert son of Walter and Amabilis, his 
wife, to the nunnery of St. Edith, Polesworth [co. Warwick] 
of the mill of Kinesberia [Kingsbury, co. Warwick]. 

^Domino et Patri suo Ricardo,* Dei Gracia, Coventrensi 
Episcopo, et iEdmundo Archidiacono, et omnibus Sancte 
Matris Ecclesie filiis, Robertus filius Walteri et Amabil[is], 
uxor ipsius, salutem. 

Sciant presentes omnes et posteri, quod ego Robertus et 
Amabil[is], uxor mea, concessimus et dedimus ecclesie Dei et 
Sancte Marie et Sancte Eadithe de Poles worda et sancti- 
monialibus ibidem Deo servientibus, pro salute anime nos- 
tre et pro salute omnium antecessorum et successorum 
nostrorum, molendinum de Kinesberia, cum tota secuta 
ipsius molendini, et cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, et cum 
omni liber tate, in perpetuam elemosinam, absolutum, liber um 
et quietum ab omni servicio et ab omni exaccione seculari, 
cum corpore ipsius Amabil[is], excepta decima ejusdem 
molendini, quam prius dedimus ecclesie de Kinesb[eria]. 

Testibus : Rogero, priore Malvern[ie] ; Toma, priore de 
Avecota''; Toma de Westmonasterio, monacho ; Serlone, 
Petro, presbj'^teris ; et Magistro Widone ; Willelmo Fulesbi ; 
Petro de Bracebrug'® ; Willelmo de Hardredeshull' ' ; Here- 
berto ; Gileberto ; Rogero del Holt ; Alexandro ; Waltero 
Pinel ; Nicholao ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

1 Hugh de Hedduna [Headon, co. Notts] owed 10^. in 1167-8 for relief 
for land held of the honour of Tickliill, vmder cos. Notts and Derby (Pipe 
Roll, 14 Henry II., p. 92 ; cf. 15 Hen. II., p. 44, 16 Hen. II., p. 54). In 1175-6 
he was fined in these counties for forest offences (Pipe Roll, 22 Henry II., 
p. 92). In the following year he made fine to have the king's good will (Pipe 
Roll, 23 Hen. II., p. 59, and 24 Hen. II., ro. 6d.). In 1194 he adhered to 
John against Richard I., and made a fine of 10^. to have his lands again, 
consisting of one knight's fee in Heddon (Pipe Roll, 6 Rich. I., ro. 6). 
He answers for scutage in 1201-2, 1202-3, and 1203-4 (Pipe Rolls, 4 John, 
ro. 14 ; 5 John, ro. 13 ; 6 John, ro. 13). 

2 Robert de Heriz fined to have his brother's lands in 1179-80 (see note 
3, page 7). In 1180-1 Ralph de Crumwell fined to hasten his right concerning 
Widmerpool [co. Notts] against him (Pipe Roll, 27 Hen. II., ro. Id), and in 
1188-9 (Pipe Roll, 1 Richard I., p. 155). Robert answered for scutage under 
Notts and Derby in 1196-7 (Pipe Roll, 9 Richard I., ro. 10). In the following 
year Ivo de Heriz, his son, made a fine for having Robert's lands (Pipe Rolls, 
10 Ric. I., ro. 8). See also Dugdale, Baronage, i., p. 684a, and Rotuli de Oblatia, 
pp. 35, 188. The Robert de Heriz whose lands at Stapelford (Stapleford, 
CO. Notts) seem to have been in the king's hands in 1176-7 (Pipe Roll, 23 Hen. 
II., p. 63) belonged to another family, and is probably the Robert de Heriz 
who was fined in cos. Notts and Derby for trespass of the forest in 1176-6 
(Pipe Roll, 22 Henry II., p. 95 ; 23 Henry II., p. 60), since Stapleford was in 
Sherwood Forest, and Widmerpool was far outside it. 

3 This charter is cited by Dugdale, Warwickshire, p. 761a, from a 
chart ulary. 

4 Richard Pech6, consecrated in 1161, died 6 October, 1182. 

^ Alvecote, parish of Shuttington, co. Warwick, a cell of Malvern Priory. 

^ Bracebridge, co. Lincoln. 

7 Hartshill, parish of Mancetter, co. Warwick. 



[c. 1170] — Confirmation by Simon de Harcuria [Harcourt] 
and Alice, his wife, of the preceding grant. 

Domino et patri suo Ricardo, Dei gracia, Coventrensi 
episcopo, et ^Edmundo Archidiacono, et omnibus Sancte 
Matris Ecclesie fiHis, Simon de Arcuria et Aelicia, uxor mea, 
salutem. 

Sciant presentes omnes et posteri, quod ego Simon de 
Harcuria et Aelicia, uxor mea, concessimus, et carta nostra 
confirmavimus, Ecclesie Dei et Sancte Marie et Sancte 
Eadithe de Polesworda et sanctimonialibus ibidem Deo ser- 
vientibus, pro salute anime nostre et pro salute omnium 
antecessorum et successorum nostrorum, donationem Roberti 
filii Walteri et uxoris ejus Amabil[is], scilicet molendinum de 
Kinesburia, cum tota secta ipsius molendini, et cum omnibus 
pertinenciis suis, et cum omni libertate, in perpetuam 
elemosinam, absolutum, liberum, et quietum ab omni servicio 
et ab omni exactione seculari, salva decima ejusdem molendini, 
que pertinet ad ecclesiam Sancti Petri de Kinesburia. 

His testibus : Simeone de Sepeia^ et Petro de Kinesb[uria] 
et Willelmo de Basterleia^, sacerdotibus ; et Willelmo de 
Spondon^ et Willelmo Canonico et Galfrido de Sepeia^ et 
Willelmo de Contorn'*, clericis ; et Willelmo de Warda et 
Radulfo filio Radulfi et Richero, fratre suo, et Galfrido filio 
Alegaldi et Serlono (sic) de Sutunia^ et Ada de Welberca et 
Willelmo de Witacra® et Roberto de Persita et Watero (sic) 
Pinel et Rogero filio Jacobi et Roberto Malnevu et Herberto 
et G*odfrido de Sautlega"^ et Toma de Aseperc et filiis suis, 
et multis aliis. 

Fragments of seal sewed up in cloth bag. 

[c. 1170] — Confirmation of the preceding grant and con- 
firmation by Richard, bishop of Coventry. 

Ricardus, Dei gracia, Coventrensis Episcopus, omnibus 
Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis, salutem in Domino. 

Sciant omnes tam posteri quam presentes, quod nos, 
presentis carte nostre auctoritate, donationem illam con- 
firmamus, quam Robertus filius Galteri et Amabil[is], uxor 
ipsius, fecerunt ecclesie Dei et Sancte Marie et Sancte Edithe 
de Pollisworda et sanctimonialibus ibidem Deo servientibus, 
scilicet de molendino de Kinisbiria, quod ipsi, cum tota secta 
ipsius molendini, et omnibus pertinentiis suis, et cum omni 
libertate, in perpetuam elemosinam memoratis sanctimoni- 
alibus, liberum et quietum ab omni seculari exactione et 
servicio, dederunt. Preterea banc eandem donationem, quam 

1 Sheepy, co. Leicester. 

^ Baxterley, co. Warwick. 

3 Spondon, co. Derby. 

* Coundo 1, CO. Warwick ? 

^ Sutton Coldfield, co. Warwick. 

6 Whitacre, co. Warwick. 

7 Saltloy, parish of Aston, co. Warwick. 



10 

Simon de Harincuria et Aelicia, uxor ejus, ante-die to 
religioso loco concesserunt et carta sua confirmaverunt, juxta 
illorum carte tenorem, similiter hujus scrip ti nostri testimonio 
corroboramus. Siquis vero banc donationem in Deo factam 
in irritum revocare et infirmare presumpserit, anathematis 
vinculo ferimus eum. 

His testibus : Eadmundo et Rogero et Radulfo, archi- 
diaconis nostris ; Magistro Gaufrido de Lent[ona]^ ; Magistro 
Roberto de Haia ; Nigello capellano ; Stephano, capellano 
de Cesterfeld ; Waltero de Tilisbiria ; Gaufrido Salvagio ; 
Willelmo Burdet ; Waltero de Sumervilla et Rogero et 
Roberto, filiis ejus ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1175] — Confirmation by John [de Lacy], Constable of 
Chester, of the grant by Fulk de Mareis to Nicholas the clerk 
of Marnaham [Marnham, co. Notts] of land in Stires thorp 
[Staythorpe, parish of Averham, co. Notts]. 

Johannes, Constabularius Cestrie,^ omnibus hominibus suis, 
Francis et Anglicis, clericis et laicis, presentibus et futuris, 
salutem. 

Sciatis Fulconem de Mareis coram me dedisse et concessisse 
Nicholao clerico meo de Marnaham*^ et heredibus suis totam 
terram suam de Stirestorp, que est de meo feodo, pro dimidia 
marca argenti, quam predictus Nicholaus illi prenominato 
Fulconi de Mareis dedit in principio pro terra prenominata, 
libere et quiete et honorifice, tenendam de illo et de heredibus 
suis, in tofto et crofto et in bosco, in pratis et in pasturis, 
et in omnibus ahis rebus, que ad predictam terram pertinent, 
pro iij. solidis reddendo {sic) annuatim predicto Fulconi et 
heredibus suis pro omnibus serviciis, que ad illos pertinent, 
excepto servitio forinseco ; ad festum Sancti Michaelis xviijd. 
debet reddere de ista firma, et in die Palmarum xviijd. 
Hanc autem donationem et concessionem petitione predicti 
Fulconis de Mareis Nicholao clerico predicto de Marnaham 
et heredibus suis concessi et hac presenti carta mea con- 
firmavi, ut terra predicta in feodo et hereditate Nicholao 
clerico predicto et heredibus suis stabilis et rata permaneat. 



1 The ' ' Magister Galfridus de Lenton ' ' who witnesses an undated 
agreement between the monks of Bordsley and the church of St. Mary, War- 
wick, printed by Madox, Formulare Anglicanum, 1702, p. 24, no. xhi. 

2 John the Constable accounted in 1177-8 for 213^. 65. 8d. for a fine for 
his mother's lands, to be paid by 80 marks yearly, in co. Notts (Pipe Roll, 24 
Henry II., ro. 6d. ). He a(;companied Richard ibo the Holy Land, and died 
at Tyre in 1190 or 1191 (Benedictus Abbas, ii.. p. 148 ; Roger de Hoveden, iii., 
p. 88). See Diet. Nat. Biography, xxxi., p. 338 ; Dugdale, Baronage, i., p. 100a. 

3 Marnham, co. Notts. John, Constable of Cliester, is recorded to 
have given the church of Marnham to the Knight Templars {Monasticon, 
vi., ]j. 825a). His foundation deed of Stanlow (later known as Whalley) abbey, 
CO. Chester, which is dated 1178, is witnessed by "Nicholas, persona de 
Marnham " [Monasticon, vi., p. 041a; corru|)tod to " Marisham " in the 
copy in the Coitcher Book of Whalley Abbey (Chetham Soc, 1847), p. 5). 



11 

His testibus : Roberto, sacerdote de Stoca^ ; Willelmo 
Legato ; Silvestro de Suttona^ ; Galfrido, milite de Suttuna^ ; 
Galfrido Escrop ; Willelmo filio Gerardi ; Ricardo de Clifton ^ ; 
Ricardo de Awic ; Roberto clerico de Cliftona^ ; Roberto de 
Wadewr])a* ; Rogero de Normantona^ ; Richer de Scegebi^ ; 
Ricardo de Co (sic) de Cotintona' ; Nigello de Cliftona ; 
Roberto fratre Nicholai ; Waltef de Marnaham ; Elia de 
Pasci ; Adam de Duttun^ ; Rogero Burdun^ ; Roberto filio 
Rogeri^ ; Adam Cytharista. 

Fragment of large seal with equestrian figure, 

[c. 1175] — Confirmation by Robert son of Philip [de 
Baseford^] of his father's grant to Eustace de Brocolvestou 
[Broxtow, CO. NottsJ of land, etc., in Baseford [Basford, 
CO. Notts] and at Essebia [Ashby Magna, co. Leicester ?]. 

Robertas filius Philippi omnibus amicis et hominibus suis, 
tarn futuris quam presentibus, salutem. 

Certum sit vobis, quod pater mens Philippus dedit et con- 
cessit Eustachio de Brocolvestou, ^^ meo concessu, quatuor 
bovatas terre et tres culturas et duo prata et sedem unam 
molendini in feudo suo de Ba[se]ford, in liberum conjugium 
cum sua filia, et etiam apud Magnam Essebiam unam 
virgatam terre, de se ad tenendam et de herede suo sibi et 
heredi suo quiete et libere, propter hominium suum et 
propter servicium suum, scilicet equitandi cum eo vel cum 
uxore sua de uno mansu (sic) ad alium mansum, scilicet de 
Baseford ad Essebiam. Hoc donum eciam supradictum in 
hac presenti carta do et confirmo nunc et inperpetuum sibi 
et heredibus suis de me et heredibus^^ meis. 

Hujus rei testes sunt isti : Gilebertus capellanua^^ ; Wil- 
lelmus Hauselin^^ ; Adam Marescalcus et Hugo, frater ejus ; 

1 East Stoke, co. Notts. 

2 Sutton-on-Trent, co. Notts. Silvester de Sutton made a fine under 
cos. Notts and Derby in 1179-80 for the pledge of one of his men (Pii)o Roll, 
26 Henry II., ro. lOd). and in 1180-1 (Pipe Roll, 27 Hen. II., ro. Id). A 
fine was levied in 1203 between Roland son of Silvester, demandant, and 
Robert de Lisures concerning land in Sternethorp, the Stiresthorp of this 
deed (Feet of Fines, co. Notts, file 2, no. 21). 

^ North or South Clifton, co. Notts. 

* Wadworth, co. York, is mentioned as Wadewiu'th with Marnhaiu 
in 1204 {Eot. Chart, p. 133a) and in the Testa de Nevill, p. 226. 

^ Norman ton, near Marnham, co. Notts. 

^' Skegby, parish of Marnham. 

7 Coddington, co. Notts. 

s Witnesses the foundation deed of Stanlow Abbey (see note 3, p. 10, 
above). 

9 See Thoroton, Notts, p. 233a. 

10 Eustace de Brokelestoua is mentioned in the Pipe Rolls for Notts 
and Derby in 1181-2, 28 Henry II., ro. 2, Broxtowe is recorded simply by 
Broxtowe Hall, now a farmhouse in the parish of Bilborough. 

1 1 herededibus, MS. 

1 2 eapellanus, MS. 

13 Written clearly " Hauselin," ( = Hal8elin, p. 32, below). Similarly 
Ralph Hauselin is clearlv so written in the Pipe Rolls for 1193-4, 1196-7 
(6 Richard I., ro. 6 ; 8 Richard I., ro. 54). 



12 

Samson de Stretlei^ ; Robertus, f rater ejus ; Adam do 
Moreteun^ et Hugo, f rater ejus ; Ricardus de Asple^ ; Ever- 
ardus de Lentun* ; Raudulfus {sic) filius Gileberti ; Pliilippus 
filius Philippi. Valete. 
Seal missing. 

[c. 1175] — Grant by Hugh son of Theodoric and Margaret, 
his wife, to St. Peter's Church, Winterburn [Winterborne 
Zelstone, co. Dorset] of land [in Winterborne] for the main- 
tenance of a lamp in the church. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Hugo filius Theodorici^ 
et uxor mea Margareta donavimus ^'cclesig Sancti Petri de 
Winterburnia,^ in perpetuam elemosinam, duas acras terre 
ad mortarium,' una in oriente proxima juxta divisas, altera 
in valle juxta divisas proxima, in altera erpmerche del est de 
Serdebege^ ubi marlere^ exstat, et altera proxima de la charere 
del norli.^^ 

His testibus : Domino Ricardo,^^ arch[idiacono] Dorsete, 
et toto capitulo Dorecestrie, et tota parrochia de Winter- 
burnia. 

Seal missing. 

1 Sampson de Stradlega [Strelley, co. Notts] was amerced under Notts 
and Derby for trespass of the forest in 1176 (Pipe Roll, 22 Henry T.I., p. 94 ; 
cf. 23 Hen. II., p. .59). He witnessed the charter of John, earl of Mortain, 
to the burgesses of Nottingham in 1 189 or slightly later {Records of the Borough 
of Nottingham, i., p. 10). In 1194 his chattels were seised into the king's 
hands among those of others " of the king's enemies " (Pipe Roll, 6 Richard 
I., ro. 6). In 1194-.5 he paid four marks under cos. Notts and Derby because 
he had supported John in his rebellion (Pipe Roll, 7 Richard I., ro. 2). In 
1197-8 Sampson de Stradleg' [his son] paid thirty marks under the said 
counties to have seisin of his father's lands, which were still in the king's 
hands because he had supported John (Pipe Roll, 10 Richard I., ro. 8). This 
Sampson died before 1206-7, for in that year Walter de Stradleg owed a 
falcon under the same counties for having seisin of his father's lands (Pipe 
Roll, 9 John, ro. 11 ; Rotuli de Finibus, p. 377). 

2 Adam de Moretonio [Mortain, Normandy, dep. of La Manche] was 
amerced for trespass of the forest in 1176 under cos. Notts and Derby (Pipe 
Roll, 22 Henry II., p. 94 ; cf. 23 Henry II., p. 59). In 1185-6 the sheriff of 
these counties accounts for the ferm of Adam's lands (Pipe Roll, 32 Henry II., 
ro. 8), which were in the king's hands, probably by reason of his death. 

3 Aspley (Hall), parish of Radford (near Nottingham). 
* Lenton, co. Notts. 

5 Terricus (Old French Tierri = Theodoric) de Bosco Herljerti is re- 
turned in 1166 as a tenant in Dorset {Red Book, i., p. 215; Liber Niger, p. 
80). A Theodoricvis de Bosco granted land in one of the Dorset Winter- 
bournes before 1206 {Rotuli Chartarum, p. 163 ; Hutchins, Hist, of Dorset, 
ed. 3. iv., p. 7, note b). Hugh son of Terricus paid half a mark in 1207 for a dis- 
seisin in that county {Rotuli de Finibus, p. 404). Cf. also Thericus de Werdes- 
ford, page 54, below. 

^ The older dedication of the church of Winterborn Zelstone to St. 
Peter is mentioned in 1384-5 (Hutchins, i., p. 337, note d). 

7 A lamp (Old French mortier), a meaning not recorded by Ducange. 
Cf. Hutchins, iii., p. 7296, ' morterium vel lampas. ' 

8 ' The earth -Vjoundary [ridge of earth ?] to the east of Serdebege, ' the 
latter seemingly meaning the old parish of Charborough, now in the parish 
of Morden. 

® ' marl-pit, ' Old French marliere, modern French marnitre. 

10 * to the cartroad (Old French clmrriere) on the north.' 

1 1 An addition to the list of archdeacons in Le Neve 's Faati Ecclesite 
Anglicance. 



13 

[c. 1175] — Grant by Nicholas son of William de Trowella 
[Trowell, co. Notts] to the church of Sempringham [abbey, 
CO. Lincoln] of a moiety of a mill in Trowell. 

Oilinibus Christi fidelibus Nicholaus^ filius Willelmi de 
Trowella, salutem. 

Sciatis me dedisse et hac carta mea confirmasse, assensu 
heredum meorum, in puram elemosinam et perpetuam poss- 
essionem Deo et ecclesie Sancte Marie et monialibus de 
Sempingham et fratribus earum, clericis et laicis, ibidem Deo 
servientibus medietatem molendini super Yrewis,^ que est de 
feudo meo, cum mediet[ate] del Holm^ quod est circum- 
fossatum in territorio de Trowella, solutam et quietam ab 
omni servicio et exactione, et cum omni libertate et con- 
suetudine, quam ego habui super idem molendinum, videlicet, 
ut ego et homines mei veniamus ad predictum molendinum 
ad molendum omnia blada, que habemus molere. Hanc vero 
elemosinam ego et heredes mei erga omnes homines de 
universis calumpniis et serviciis in perpetuum illis warant- 
izabimus. 

His testibus : Thoma, capellano de Sempingham ; Samsone 
de Stretleie ; Helya de Bramc[ote*] ; Gill[ebert]o, Hugone 
Bugghe, Radulfo, clericis de Sempingham ; Roberto Musteile^ ; 
Hugone Spien ; Jacobo ; Galfrido Puinnant ; Ulf ; Galfrido 
de Cof>estoche^ ; Willelmo Franceis ; Willelmo Brekedure". 

Endorsed in same hand : ' De Nicholao.' ' De Bram- 
ch[o]te.' 

Large seal with equestrian figure, inscribed : + Sigillv . . 

. . AT DE TrOWELLE. 

[c. 1175] — Confirmation by Godfrey de Stanford and 
Maud, his wife, to the monks of Sempringham [co. Lincoln] 
of a grant to them by Nicholas de Trowella of land in 
Trowell. 

Notum sit universis Christi fidelibus, quod ego Godefridus 
de Stanford*^ et uxor mea Matill[is] et heredes mei con- 
cessimus, et hac carta mea confirmavimus, Deo et Sancte 
Marie et monialibus de Sepingham et fratribus earum, clericis 
et laicis, totam donationem, quam Nicolaus de Trowella 
dedit eis in eadem villa, scilicet de sex bovatis terre de demenio 
suo, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, prout carta ipsius Nicolai 
testatur. Hanc vero donacionem afiidavimus inperpetuum 

1 Nicholas de Trowella is mentioned in 1165-6 and 1166-7 (Pipe Roll 
12 Hen. II., pp. 54, 58 ; 13 Hen. II., p. 137). 

2 The river Ere wash. 

3 ' Island. ' 

* Bramcote, co. Notts. 

6 Robert Mustel answers in 1176-7 for a default in Kent (Pipe Roll, 23 
Hen. II., p. 205). He is clearly the Robert M[er]steile {re4Mi M[iis]steile ?) 
of the Rutland MSS., iv., p. 54, of a charter of the reign of Henry II. 
A Roger Mustel or Musteile answers in 1175-6 in co. Lincoln for a forest 
offence (Pipe Roll, 22 Henry II., p. 86). 

6 Cotterstock, co. Northampton. 

7 William Brechedore witnesses the charter cited in note 5. 

8 Stanford-on-Soar, co. Notts. Cf. Thoroton, Notts, p. 36. 



14 

tenendam in manu Eoberti filii Brien, et uxor mea Matill[is] 
in manu Hawise, uxoris Roberti de Stanford, coram Regi- 
naldo, sacerdote de Stanford, et coram Alicia, sorore mea. 

His testibus : Radulfo^, capellano de Sempingham ; Adam 
de Morton' ; Samsone de Stratlee ; Eustachio de Brokolestowe ; 
Roberto filio Brien ; Willelmo, Waltero, Jordano, fratribus 
ejus ; Roberto Malrewad (sic) ; Petro de Osebernebi,^ famulo 
regis ; Roberto Mustela ; Willelmo Franceis ; Ulf Stabulario ; 
Willelmo Brekedure ; Galfrido Puintrant {sic) ; Pagano Cemen- 
tario de Pointona^ ; Hugone Cementario de Binnebroc* ; 
Alano Cementario de Billesbi^ ; Magistro Gervasio de Burch ; 
Achille, Stephano, filiis suis ; Adam filio Mauricii Clerici de 
Lochtona^ ; Hugone Tegulario. 

Seal with armed figure on horseback, carrying a lance with 
a long double-tailed pennon. Inscription : -|- SiGiiiLVM 

GODEFRIDI DE StANFORT. 

[c. 1175] — Confirmation of preceding grants by Philip de 
Kyme. 

Omnibus Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis, Philippus de Kym',' 
salutem. 

Notum sit vobis me concessisse et hac carta mea confir- 
masse Sanctimonialibus de Sempingham et conventui quatuor 
bovatas terre et unum toftum de quatuor acris terre in ter- 
ritorio de Trowella et medietatem molendini de Ire wis, cum 
omnibus pertinenciis suis, scilicet, donacionem Nicholai de 
Trowella, sicut carte sue confirmant et testantur, salvo forin- 
seco servicio. 

Testibus : Priore de Kym'^ ; Rogero filio meo, canonico ; 
Sym[one], Willelmo, et Philippo, filiis meis ; Ricardo de 
Ormesb[i]^ ; Ricardo de Sancto Petro ; Johanne clerico 
meo ; Godefrido de Stanford. 

Large seal with armed figure on horseback. Inscription : 
[SlG]lLLVM .... 

[c. 1180] — Grant by John de Bracebruge to Godfrey son 
of Esegar of land [in Kingsbury, co. Warwick ?]. Written in 
the same hand as the two charters of Godfrey son of Ingrid 
de Hurnlee to John de Bracebrugge (p. 21 below) and the 
charter of WilUam son of Godfrey de Hurnle to the said 
John, p. 22 below)^ 

1 Radusfo, MS. 

2 Osbournby, co. Lincoln. 

8 Pointon, with Sempringham, co. Lincoln. 
* Binbrooke, co. Lincoln. 
6 Bilsby, CO. Lincoln. 

6 Lutton, CO. Lincoln. 

7 Philip de Kyme (co. Lincoln) was sheriff of Lincoln from 1167 to 1170, 
Richard I. acquired in 1189 Philip's service in Lincolnshire from the bishop 
of Durham in exchange (Roger of Hoveden, iii., p. 14). He died shortly 
after this date (cf. Dugdale, Baronage, i., p. 620). 

8 The Augustinian priory of Kyme, co. Lincoln, founded by Philip de 
Kyme. 

9 Richard de Ormesbi made fine in co. Lincoln to have a recognition of 
land against Simon son of Robert in 1176-7 (Pipe Roll, 23 Henry IL, p. 112). 



15 

Omnibus, ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, Johannes 
de Bracebr[uge], salutem. 

Noveritis me dedisse et concessisse et hac present! mea 
carta mea confirmasse Godefrido filio Esegar et heredibus suis, 
pro omagio et servicio suo, vi. acras terre ; scilicet, unam 
acram, que jacet contra crucem et terram ecclesie, quam 
Decanus tenet ; et ii. acras, que se extendunt apud Aldithe- 
holm ; et i. acram in Sidenhale ; et ii. acras juxta Rodhale, 
que se extendunt ad Blakemor ; et ii. b[uta]s, que se extendunt 
ad le Portwei ad implementum predictarum acrarum, cum 
crofto et mesuagio, quod fuit Esegar, patris predicti Gode- 
fr[idi], et cum crofto et mesuagio, quod fuit Walteri filii 
Gregofii, et cum crofto Willelmi Spillemort, et cum prato 
quod fuit Ade Thedris, et cum prato quod fuit Rogeri Gori : 
tenendas de me et heredibus meis, hbere et quiete, in boscho, 
in piano, in pratis, in pascuis, et in omnibus libertatibus ; 
reddendo annuatim ipse et heredes sui michi et heredibus 
meis, pro omni servicio et exaccione, quatuor solidos argenti 
et [vi. dena]rios ad duos terminos, scilicet ad festum Sancte 
Marie in Marcio ii. solidos et iii. obolos, et ad festum Sancti 
Michaelis ii. solidos et iii. obolos. Pro hac autem donatione 
et [concession]e et confirmatione, dedit mihi sepedictus Gode- 
fr[idus] tres marcas argenti et i. duhler^. 

Hiis testibus^ : Radulfo capellano ; Roberto fratre Domini 
Johannis ; Laurencio de Merst'^ ; Nicholao de Esbroc ; 
H . . . . ; Waltero Fundi ; Petro, fratre ejus ; 
Radulfo de Wlputl' ; Johanne filio Ingrid ; Rogero Bagod ; 
Rogero de Henle* ; Willelmo Nigro ; Ricardo filio ejus ; 
Roberto de Makest[oke]^ ; Rogero de Blacgr[eve]® ; Simone 
de Brockel[eye] ; .... de Blacgr[eve] ; Ada de 
Makest[oke] ; et multis aliis. 

Large seal in white wax with equestrian figure, much worn, 
with faint traces of inscription. 

[c. 1180] — Grant by John de Bracebrugge to the nunnery 
of St. Edith, Polesworth [co. Warwick], of the mills of Kinea- 
buri [Kingsbury, co. Warwick] and of Hurlea [Hurley, parish 
of Kingsbury]. 

'Omnibus Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis presentibus et futuris, 
Johannes de Bracebrugge, salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra, quod ego concessi et hac carta 
confirmavi, pro salute anime mee et patris mei et matris mee 

1 Old French duhl{i)er meant a dish, a liquid measure, a napkin, sack, 
etc. See New English Dictionari/, s.v. ' Doubler, 1.' 

2 The witnesses' names are added in a lighter coloured ink in the 
same hand, the deed as far as Hiis testibus having obviously been prepared 
before the names of the witnesses were known. 

3 Marston, co. Warwick. 

* Henley-in-Arden, co. Warwick. 

5 Maxtoke, co. Warwick. 

6 Blackgreaves Farm, parish of Lea Marston, co. Warwick. 

7 This charter is cited from an Inspeximus of 21 Richard II. by Dugdale. 
Warwickshire, p. 7616. 



16 

et omnium antecessorum meorum, molendina de Kinesburi 
Deo et Sancte Marie et Ecclesie Sancte EadiSe de PoleswrSe 
et monialibus ibidem Deo servientibus, cum Mulnecroft et 
Whetholm, et una acra prati ad Bradeford', et quodam prato, 
et quadam mora, que est inter aquam molendini et calcetam, 
que est juxta pratum Herberti, et inter duas foveas, et insula, 
que est juxta stagnum molendini : tenenda in puram et 
perpetuam elemosinam liberam et quietam ab omnibus 
secularibus exactionibus. Preterea, concessi eis et con- 
firmavi piscarias in exclusis predictorum molendinorum et in 
circuitu molendini, terram ad cespites capiendas {sic), quantum 
opus fuerit, ad reficiendum ipsum molendinum et stagnum 
molendini ubique, nisi in prato et in blado. Hec eis concessi 
et confirmavi, cum secta et cum omnibus suis pertinenciis 
et libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus, in bosco et piano, 
in pratis et pascuis, in semitis et viis, et omnibus aliis 
eisiamentis. Et cum eisdem libertatibus et eisiamentis 
concessi eis et confirmavi molendinum de Hurlea cum secta 
et pertinenciis suis, ut hec omnia supradicta perpetuo coquine 
earundem monialium permaneant donata. 

Hiis testibus : Simone, abbate Persorensi^ ; Magistro 
Roberto de Salopesb[uri] ; Thoma, persona de Kinesb[uri] ; 
Willelmo Mareschallo ; Roberto de Bromcote^ ; Simone de 
Echeles^ ; Rogero de Erdintona* ; Roberto de Langedona ; 
Maneser de Witacre^ ; Nicholao de Essebroc ; Willelmo 
Fundu ; Godefrido de Hurlee ; Radulfo de Wlfputtel^e ; 
Jordano fratre suo ; Robin de Bracebrugge ; Waltero 
Fundu ; Hugone de Essebroc ; Hamone filio Sefare ; Hen- 
rico, clerico de Estona,^ qui hanc cartam scripsit in ecclesia 
de Kinesbire, et aliis. 

Seal in white wax with equestrian figure. 

[c. 1180] — Grant by John son of Peter de Bracebruge to 
William the Farrier (Marescallo) of land [in Kingsbury, co. 
Warwick ?] 

Sciant tam presentes quam futuri, quod ego Johannes 
filius Petri de Bracebruge dedi et concessi et hac present! 
carta mea confirmavi, in feudo et hereditate, Willelmo 
Marescallo et heredibus suis, tenendam de me et heredibus 
meis, pro homagio suo et servitio, terram que fuit Hacun 
de Hurlee', et terram que fuit Roberti Kinebald, et terram 
que fuit Ricardi de Havekesford, et terram que fuit Alani 
filii Hacun, et terram que fuit Godefridi de Sudlee, et terram 

1 Simon became abbot in 1175 {Annalea de Theokeaberia, in Annalea 
Monaatici, i., p. 51), and died in 1198 (lb., i., p. 56 ; Annalea Winton., ii., p. 
67). 

2 Bramcote [Hall], parish of Polesworth. 

3 Nechells, parish of Aston, co. Warwick. 

4 Erdington, parish of Aston, co. Warwick. 

5 Whitacre, co. Warwick. 
^ Aston, CO. Warwick. 

7 Hurley, parish of Kingsbury, co. Warwick, 



17 

que fuit Rannulfi fabri ad Pontem de Sudlee, et terram que 
fuit Willelmi de Gledenhurst, cum omnibus pertinentiis pre- 
dictarum terrarum, libere et quiete et honorifice, in pascuis, 
in viis, in semitis, in aquis, in pratis, in stangnis, in silvis, 
et in omnibus aliis locis, et quietatione de pasnagio et de 
tolneto, et husbote et heibote in bosco meo rationabiliter ; 
reddendo annuatim michi et heredibus meis ipse et heredes 
sui unum nisum sorum vel xijd. pro omni seculari servitio 
et exactione apud Kinesberi, scilicet ad Vincula Sancti 
Petri. 

His testibus : Waltero de Plumtun, Nicholao filio Liulfi, 
Milone Barba Aprilp], Willelfno Fundu, Nicholao de Haisbroc, 
Roberto de Suttona^, Viello de Folkeshul^, Radulfo de 
Wlfputelee, Roberto clerico, Godefrido de Hurlee^, Roberto 
de Plumtona, Waltero Fundu, Serlone, et multis aliis. 

Equestrian seal, same as affixed to the two preceding deeds, 
with most of the inscription worn away. 

[c. 1180J — Grant by Alice de Kinesbire [Kingsbury, 
Warwick] to the nunnery of St. Edith at Polesworde [Poles- 
worth, CO. Warwick] of the mills at Kinesbire and at Hurlega 
[Hurley, parish of Kingsbury].* 

Omnibus Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis, ad quos littere pre- 
sentes pervenerint, Aliz de Kinesbire, filia Hosberti de 
Arderne, salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra, me, pro salute anime mee et 
matris mee et aliorum antecessorum et successorum meorum, 
concessisse, et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse, Deo et 
Sancte Marie et Sancte Eadi)?e de Polesworde et moniahbus 
ibidem Deo servientibus molendinum de Kinesbire et molen- 
dinum de Hurlega, cum secta et omnibus aliis pertinenciis et 
liber tatibus suis libere, pacifice, quiete, in puram elemosinam 
et liberam ab omnibus secularibus exactionibus, salva decima, 
que pertinet ad ecclesiam de Kinesbire. 

Hiis testibus : Simone Basset^ ; Willelmo de Fuletebi® ; 
Roberto filio Radulfi ; Roberto de Grendona' ; Nicholao de 
Hessebroc^ ; Willelmo Fundu ; Galfrido, Willelmo, Siwardo, 
sacerdotibus ; Adam, Henrico, Nicholao, clericis ; Roberto 
filio Pagani ; et aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1180] — Confirmation by Roger Pite of grant to Ywan 
le Breton of land in Willhebi [Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, co. 
Notts]. 

1 Sutton Coldfield, co. Warwick, 

2 Foleshill, co. Warwick. 

3 Hurley, parish of Kingsbury. 

4 This charter is cited from a chartulary (* ea; Cod. MS.*), not the 
original, by Dugdale, Warwickshire, p. 761a. 

5 See MSS. of the Duke of Rutland, vol. iv., p. 22. 

6 Fulletby, co. Lincoln. See Rutland MSS., iv., p. 23. 

7 Grendon, co. Warwick. 

8 Esbroc, see page 4, note 13, above. 

M2 



Sciant tarn presentes quam futuri, quod ego Rogerus Pitei 
dedi et hac mea carta confirmavi Ywano le Breton^ et heredibus 
suis ii/^ bovatas terre in Willhebi, scilicet illas, quas Leviva 
tenuit, cum tofto et crofto et omnibus pertinenciis infra villam 
et extra villam : tenendas de me et de heredibus meis in 
feudo et in hereditate ; reddendo mihi et heredibus meis 
annuatim una calcaria (sic) deargentata vel iiii."^ nummos 
infra octabas Pasche pro omni servicio, quod ad me et ad 
heredes meos pertinet, salvo forinseco servicio et salva firma 
de Thikehil, pro qua scilicet firma reddet mihi annuatim 
sex denarios tantum duobus terminis, tres scilicet ad festum 
Beati Michaelis et tres ad Pascha Floridum. Et pro hac 
donatione et concessione, predictus Ywanus dedit mihi v. 
marcas argenti de gersum. 

His testibus : Willelmo de Leke ; Hugone de Till' ; 
Reginaldo de Insula ; Rand[ulfo] de Wandesl[ee]-^ ; Reginaldo 
de Aneslee^ ; Radulfo de Aneslee ; Roberto A[n]geuin ; 
Roberto de Roves'^ ; Nicholao le Angeuin ; Willelmo Pite ; 
Waltero del Hulmo ; Galfrido de Insula ; Henrico cliente 
de Plumtre^ ; et multis aliis. 

Seal in green wax with bird {^peacock ?). Inscription : 

+ SiGILLVM ROGERI. 

[c. 1180] — Grant by Simon son of Simon [de Kyme] to 
Richard de Gaitune of land in Billeburg [Bilborough, co. Notts]. 

Notum sit omnibus hominibus tam presentibus quam 
futuris, me Symonem lilium Symonis dedisse et concessisse 
et hac mea carta confirmasse Ricardo de Gaitune^ et heredi- 
bus suis duas bovetas (sic) terre in Billeburg, cum omnibus 
pertinentiis et aisamentis ejusdem terre : tenendas de me et 
heredibus meis in feudo et hereditate, libere et quiete et 
honorifice, pro omni servicio mihi et heredibus meis pertinenti, 
xii. denariis reddendis per annum ad festum Sancti Martini. 
Illas, scilicet, bovetas do predicto Rica[r]do et heredibus suis, que 
fuerunt Randulfi de Prestwald, ita libere sicut predictum est. 

His testibus : Roberto Beket ; Randulfo, fratre meo ; 
Sanson' de Stratleie ; Eustacio de Brocholvestoue ; Roberto 
de Mammetun ; Nicholao' armigero ; Ricardo Coco ; Alexandro 

1 Ywain le Bretun witnesses Notts charters about the date assigned 
to this charter, and in the early part of the thirteenth century (Thoroton, 
Notts, pp. 249a, 255a, 265a ; see also p. 78a). 

2 Randulph de Wandeslea [Wandesley, parish of Annesley, co. Notts] 
paid a fine for a forest trespass in 1175-6 (Pipe Roll, 22 Henry II., p. 61). 
Cf. Pipe Roll, 23 Henry II., p. 95. 

•^ Reginald de Annesley made a like fine in the same roll. In 1184-5 
he was fined for a purpresture (Pipe Roll, 31 Henry II., ro. 8). 

4 Boves, Picardy, canton of Sains, arrondissement of Amiens, depart, 
of the Somme. 

5 Plumtree, co. Notts. 

^ In 1202 William de Gaiton released by fine to Walter de Ribof (see 
below, page 39) and Isabel, his wife (see Thoroton, Notts, p. 4486) three 
borates of land in Bilebiirg, and they by the same fine granted to him two 
of these bovates, to wit tliose that Waiter de Prestwalt held {Feet of Fines, 
CO. Notts, file 2, no. 14), probably the two conveyed by the present charter. 

7 Nicholaco, MS. 



Id 

de Norfouc ; Acero de Billeburg ; Willelmo Hurtefrunt -, 
Alberto Molendinario ; Roberto de Waldeshilf i. 
Seal missing. 

[c. 1180] — Grant by Richard son of Jotlein (Jollan) de 
Ristunia to Idonia, wife of Sir Helto de Boisdele, of land in 
Ristunia [Reston, co. Lincoln]. 

Notum sit tarn presentibus quam futuris, quod ego 
Ricardus filius Jotlein de Ristunia dedi et concessi Idonie, 
uxori Domini Heltonis de Boisdel^ et suis heredibus, terciam 
partem quatuor bovetarum (sic), quas teneo de feudo Rogeri 
filii Ranulfi, scilicet unam bovatam terre et terciam partem 
unius bovate in Ristunia, cum omnibus pertinentiis eidem 
terre in nemore, in piano, in pratis, in pasturis, in aquis, in 
viis, in exitu, in feudum et hereditatem ; et illam terram 
a me et heredibus meis ilia et heredes sui solute et quiete et 
libere tenebunt, salvo servicio regis. Et pro eadem terra 
reddet Idonea mihi vel heredes sui singulis annis xii. denarios. 
Et de^ terra ista faciat Idonia vel heredes sui voluntatem 
suam, salvo servicio meo. 

Hujus rei testes sunt : Dominus Helto de Boisdel' ; Ricardus 
de Hahc ; Radulfus, presbiter de Hacham* ; Petrus de 
Becherinc^ ; Hogo {sic) filio Heltonis ; Ranulfus de Meirembout ; 
Gilbertus de Wella ; Alanus de Boisdel' ; Andreas de Wella ; 
Johannes de Boisdel'; Robertus clericus ; Radulfus, sacerdos 
de Lincolne. 

Seal in white wax bearing a hull (?) passant ivith head 
turned backwards, inscribed : * [Sig]illv[m Ricar]di Filii 

lOSSLANI. 

[c. 1180] — Grant by William Pite to Bartholomew son of 
Ulf de Notingeham of land in Wilghebi [Willoughby-on-t he- 
Wolds, CO. Notts]. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego WiUelmus Pite,* 

1 Waldershelf, near Bolterstone, parish of Bradfield co. York. 

- Written here and below ' Boisdl ' with a stroke through the upper 
part of the /. Helte, Heltus, or Heude (see page 13 below) de Boisdele, 
Boidele, Boidela is mentioned in connexion with lands in Lincolnshire 
in 1169-70, 1170-1, 1174-7, 1175-6 and 1176-7 (Pipe Rolls of the 16, 
17, 21, 22 and 23 Henry II.). His surname is derived from a wood 
on the river Elle in Normandy, in the department of La Manche, recorded 
in the two hamlets of Bois d'Elle, in the canton of St. Clair, arrondisse- 
ment of St. Lo, in the communes of Cerisy-la-Foret and Saint Greorges d 'Elle 
respectively. 

3 The words et de are written twice in the original. 

"* Haugham, co. Lincoln. 

s Beckering, parish of Holton, co. Lincoln. 

6 William Pietas (Old French Pite) and Roger, his brother (the Roger 
Pit6 of this deed), witnessed a deed of William de Heriz, brother of Robert 
de Heriz, executed during the shrievalty of Robert (son of Randulph), who 
was sheriff of Notts and Derby from 1166 to 1170 (Thoroton, Notts, p. 40a) 
In 1 194-5 William made fine for being in Nottingham Castle [when besieged by 
King Richard in 1194J (Pipe Roll, 7 Richard 1., ro. 2, Notts and Derby). He 
levied a fine in 1198 concerning lands in Hucknall [Torkard] and Lamb- 
cote, CO. Notts, to Geoffrey Torcaz and his wife {Pedes i^emwrn, Pipe Roll Soc, 
p. 140 ; Thoroton, p. 2366). A grant by him of land in Willoughby-on-the- 
VVolds is noticed by Thoroton, p. 255a. 



20 

consensu et voluntate Roberti de Heriz,^ domini fundi, con- 
cessi et dedi et hac mea carta confirmavi Bartholomeo^ iilio 
Ulf de Notingeham, pro homagio suo, quatuor bovatas terre 
in Wilghebi, duas scilicet bovatas, quas Picot tenuit in eadem 
villa, cum tofto et crofto ad easdem bovatas pertinentibus, 
et duas bovatas, quas Ricardus Palmarius tenuit ibidem, 
cum tofto et crofto ad illas pertinentibus : tenendas sibi et 
heredibus suis in feodo et hereditate de me et heredibus meis 
libere, honorifice et quiete, plenarie et integre, cum omnibus 
pertinenciis et libertatibus et aisiamentis suis infra villam 
et extra, pro una libra cimini annuatim mihi infra octavas 
Sancti Martini reddenda pro omni servicio, quod ad me 
pertinet. Ego vero et heredes mei adquietabimus predictas 
bovatas terre de fir ma, que pertinet ad Castellum de Tikehul',^ 
et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus predictam terram 
Bartholomeo et heredibus suis. Et pro hac donacione dedit 
mihi prefatus Bartholomeus sex marcas argenti de gersum. 

Hujus donationis sunt hii testes : Philippus de Belmeis ; 
Samson de Stretlega ; Rogerus Pite ; Ricardus de Wiverton* ; 
Bernardus de Stokes ; Hugo de SumervilF^ ; Robertus 
Andegav[ensis]® ; Willelmus filius Baldewini^ ; Helias de 
Sancta Maria '^ ; Reginaldus^ et Germanus, fratres^^ ejus ; 
Adam filius [UJlf ; Orm^^ ; Willelmus Maine vu ; Simon 
Aurifaber^2 j Radulfus filius Wlvive ; Ricardus filius Hersant ; 
Willelmus Winter ^^ ; Magister Silvester i* ; Robertus Folet ; 

1 See page 8, note 2, above. 

2 No doubt the Bartholomew who was overseer with Orm the Reevo 
of the gaol at Nottingham in 1176-7 (Pipe Roll, 23 Henry II., p. 57). 

8 TickhiU Castle, co. York. 

* Wiverton (Hall), near Tithby, co. Notts. Richard [de Wiverton] 
confirmed (in 1179) a grant of his father Richard son of Gervase do Barnes- 
ton (Thoroton, p. 81a). He died before 1201-2, when Gervase de Wiverton, 
his son (Pipe Roll, 11 John, ro. 10), answered for scutage of his fees (Pipe 
Roll, 4 John, ro. 4). 

5 See Thoroton, p. 43a. 

6 See Thoroton, pp. 437, 255a. 

7 William son of Baldwin was a supervisor of works at Nottingham 
castle in 1193-4 (Pipe Roll, 6 Richard I., ro. 6), In 1200-1 he fined to have 
a writ (Pipe Roll, 3 John, ro. 8), and became a surety with other men of 
CO. Notts. {Rotuli de Oblatis, p. 51). 

8 Helias de Sancta Maria was one of the surveyors of works upon the 
King's Hall at Nottingham in 1180-1 and 1181-2 (Pipe Roll, 27 Henry II., 
ro. Id., 28 Henry II., ro. 2), and, under the name of Helias the Parson, in 
1183-4, 1184-5, 1185-6, 1186-7, (Pipe Roll, 30 Henry II., ro 7 ; 31 Henry II., 
ro. 8 ; 32 Henrv II., ro. 8 ; 33 Henry II,, ro. 12), and 1193-4 (6 Richard I., 
ro. 6). 

9 Reginald de Sancta Maria was one of the supervisors of works at 
Nottingham and Clipstone in 1178-9 (Pipe Roll, 25 Henry II., ro. 7c?.), and 
at Nottingham Castle in 1185-6, when he is described as Reginald, brother 
of Helias [the Parson] (Pipe Roll, 32 Henry II., ro. 8). 

10 fratrihus, MS. 

1 1 Orm the Baker, probably the Orm the Reeve of note 2 above, was 
one of the surveyors of works at Nottingham gaol in 1180-1 (Pipe Roll, 
27 Henry II., ro. \d.). 

12 He made fine with other Nottingham men in 1200 {Rotuli de Oblatis, 
p. 75). 

13 William de Winter was one of the supervisor of works at Notting- 
ham gaol in 1180-1 and 1185-6 (Pipe Roll, 27 Henry II., ro. Id. ; 32 Henry 
XL, ro. 8). 

1* Probably the Master Silvester of Nottingham who witnesses a deed 
of about this date in Thoroton, Notts, p. 265a, and another one at p. 41, 
below. 



21 

Petrus le Bel^ ; Anketil filius Anketi (sic) ; Ricardus filius 
Radulfi ; Gervasius filius Herberti ; Willelmus Ernwi ; 
Willelmus filius Tedric' ; Thomas de Graham ^ ; et multi 
alii. 

Seal in green tvax, with a large bird, and inscription : 

+ SiGILL . . . WiLLEMI PiTE. 

[c. 1180] — Grant by Godfrey son of the Lady Ingrid de 
Hurnlee [Hurley, parish of Kingsbury, co. Warwick] to John 
de Bracebrugge of land in Hurnlee. Of this charter there 
are two exemplars written in the same hand (as to which 
see charter of John de Bracebruge to Godfrey son of Esegar 
(p. 14, above), which are here distinguished as A and B. 
Words, etc., from the latter are given in the text within 
round brackets, and the variant readings are given at the 
foot of the page. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Godefridus filius 
(domine) Ingrid de Hurnlfee) dedi, concessi, et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmavi^ Johanni de Bracebrugg(e) et heredibus 
suis duas culturas dominii mei in Hurnl(ee) ; scilicet, Gun- 
nildecrouft, que jacet inter terram Thome de Basterlee* et 
terram Galfridi Hulfketel in latitudine, et que extendit (in 
longitudine) a terra Thome de Hodhurst^ usque ad viam, 
que descendit apud Basterlee a domo predicti G. Hulfket(el) ; 
et curtura,^ que jacet inter ortum Petri Fabri et pomerium, 
quod fuit G. Hulfket[el]^ in latitudine, et que extendit in 
longitudine a domo G. Hulfket[el] usque ad regiam stratam^ 
ante domum predicti G. filii Ingrid : et quiet as clamavi a 
me et heredibus meis ipsi et heredibus (suis) imperpetuum. 
Ego vero warantizabo has prefatas culturas contra omnes 
gentes.^ Pro hac autem donatione et quieta clamatione 
dedit michi prefatus J. de Bracebr[ugg'] duas marcas argenti. 
Et ut ista donatio et quieta clamatio futuris temporibus robur 
firmitatis obtineat, eam sigilli mei appositione dignum duxi 
corroborandum. 

Hiis testibus : Thoma de Estlee^^ ; Waltero filio ejus^^ ; 
Johanne Basset; Hugone de Esbroc^^ ; Willelmo Basset^^ ; 
Willelmo de Bracebr[ugg'] ; Roberto de Bracebr[ugg'] ; 
Simone Basset ^^ ; Thoma fratre suo^^ ; Hanr[ico] de Lilleburn^^ . 
Seher de Stokes ; Adam de Brocg(reve) ; Waltero Fundu ; 
Serlone de Witint[un] ; Roberto filio Simonis ; Roberto de 
Cliue^^ ; Roberto de Plumt(un) ; Simone de Brockel[ee]i3 ; 
Roberto Brun^^ ; Roberto Walensi^^ ; et multis aliis. 

Seal of A missing ; that of B, which is in ichite wax, bears 
a fleur-de-lys. The inscription is illegible. 

1 Peter le Bel was amerced in 1199-1200 (Pipe Roll, 2 John, ro. 1, 
Notts and Derby.) 

2 Grantham, co. Lincoln. 

3 confirmasse. '^ Baisterlee (Baxterley, co. Warwick). ^ Odhurst. 
6 cultura. 7 Hulk'. 8 viam. 

® The warranty clause is omitted in B. 
10 Omitted, B. ' n Asbr', B. 

12 Lillebr', A. 13 Simone de Blagueuere, B, 



22 

[c. 1180] — Confirmation of the preceding grant of two 
** culture dominii patris mei " by William son of Godfrey 
de Hurnl[ee], in the same handwriting as the preceding and 
with the same witnesses as A. 

Seal 7nissing. 

[c. 1180] — Confirmation by Godfrey de Hurnlee to Walter 
de Ardena of the grant by his mother of land in Hurnlee. 
This charter is written in the same hand as the two preceding 
ones. 

Omnibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, Godefridus 
de Hurnl[ee], salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et hac pre- 
senti carta mea confirmasse Waltero de Ardena concessionem 
et confirmationem matris mee Yngrid de Hurnlee de dimidia 
karuata terre in Hurnl[ee], cum omnibus pertinenciis et 
libertatibus, sicud continetur in carta predicte Yngrid. 

Hiis testibus : Waltero Fundu, Serlone de Witintun', Alano 
de Morkot', Willelmo de Tikebr[oc], Roberto Walensi, Will- 
elmo de KuUee, Radulfo capellano, et aliis. 

Seal in white wax ; the device is worn off. 

[c. 1180] — Grant by William son of Hugh de Bridessale 
[Birdsall, co. York] to the convent of Watton [co. York] 
of land in Birdsall. 

^Omnibus Sancte Matris Ecclesie fiUis presentibus et futuris, 
Willelmus filius Hugonis de Bridssale,^ salutem. 

Sciatis me dedisse et hac carta mea confirmasse, consensu 
et assensu Juliane, sponse mee, et Willelmi, heredis mei, 
et aliorum heredum meorum, Deo et Beate Marie et conventui 
de Wattun, in liberam et quietam et perpetuam elemosinam, 
duas bovatas terre in territorio de Bridessale sine tofto, cum 
pastura et omnibus pertinentiis, illas videlicet bovatas, que 
sunt de feudo Herberti filii Herberti, et jacent propinquiores 
terre eorum, quam habent de feudo Patricii de Ridale^ ; 
faciendo michi vel heredibus meis liberum forinsecum servitium 
tantummodo quantum pertinet ad terram illam, cum accident, 
de feudo unde sex carrucate terre faciunt servitium unius 
militis. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus banc pre- 
dictam terram prefato conventui contra omnes homines per 
predictum servicium de omnibus rebus in perpetuum. 

His testibus : Rogero de Bavent* ; Waltero de Bovintun^ ; 

1 There are two exemplars, which we distinguish as A and B, written 
in the same hand. They are jjreserved in the Birdsall chest (see page 2, note 
8, above). 

2 Bridessale, B, 

3 See the charters at pp. 1,3, above. Patrick de Ridale is mentioned 
under co. York in 1175-6 and 1176-7 (Pipe Rolls, 22 Henry IL, p. 108, 23 
Hen. II., p. 73). Cf. Rievaulx Chartulary, p. 289. 

4 Under-sheriff of York from 1193-1194 to 1197-8, guardian of the 
archbishopric of York in 1199 (Hoveden, iv., p. 92). He witnesses a charter 
of the time of Henry II. (Rievaulx Chartulary, p. 40 ; cf. ibid. pp. 87, 101). 

5 Boynton, co. York. He occurs in the Guisbrough Chartulary in 
1197, p. 234, etc., and as a surety in 1200 {Rot. de Oblatis, pp. 106, 107, 109). 
See also Chronica de Melsa, Rolls Series, i., p. 222. 



23 

Gileberto de Bridessale^ ; Waltero de Grimest[un]2 ; Willelmo 
de Berevilla^ ; Ricardo de Helperthorp* ; Radulfo Wacelin ; 
Roberto de Helperthorp ; Thoma filio Joleni ; Godefrido 
Talun ; Willelmo de Thorgrimtliorp^ ; Paulino de Bozhale.^ 

Seal with armed figure on horseback. Inscription : + Sigillvm 

WiLLELMI DE BrIDESAL. 

[1180-1183]—' Charter of King Henry II. confirming, at the 
request of William de Tankar villa, the Chamberlain, to 
William de Mara and Lecia (Lettice), his wife, land in 
Estedam [Ashtead, co. Surrey] and in Mucheham [Mitcham, 
CO. Surrey], and in Herlavestona [Harlaxton, co. Lincoln] 
and Londenetorp [Londonthorpe, co. Lincoln] in [the soke 
of] Graham [Grantham, co. Lincoln]. 

H[enricus], Dei gratia, Rex Angl[orum] et Dux Norm- 
[annorum] et Aquit[anorum] et Comes And[egavorum], archie- 
piscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, 
vicecomitibus, et omnibus baillivis et iidelibus suis, Francis et 
Angl[is], totius Anglie, salutem. 

Sciatis me, ad petitionem Willelmi Camerarii de Tankar- 
villa, concessisse et presenti carta mea confirmasse Willelmo 
de Mara et Lecie, uxori sue, Estedam,^ quam ipse reddidit 
eis et concessit, sibi et heredibus suis hereditarie, tenendam 
in feod[i] firma, de ipso et de heredibus suis, ita libere et 
honorifice et in pace sicut Laurentius de Sancto Sepulcro 
eam tenuit de Willelmo Camerario, avo prefati Willelmi 
Camerarii, et sicut Radulfus filius Roberti et Maria, uxor 
sua, filia predicti Laurentii, eam melius tenuerunt de patre 
supradicti Willelmi Camerarii, per servitium vj. librarum 
singulis annis inde reddendarum, pro omnibus servitiis, sicut 
supradicti eam tenuerunt, et secundum quod carta prefati 
Willelmi Camerarii testatur. 

Preterea, ad petitionem ejusdem Camerarii, concedo et 
confirmo eidem Willelmo de Mara et Lecie, uxori sue, et 
heredibus suis Mucheham,^ quam pater ejusdem Camerarii 

1 Mentioned under Yorkshire in 1175-6, 1176-7 (Pipe Rolls, 22 Henry 
II., p. 116, 23 Henry XL, 76). He witnesses a deed between 1154 and 1181 
(Rievaulx Chartulary, p. 139; cf. also ibid pp. 50, 110). 

2 Grimston [North ?], co. York. See Rievaulx Chartulary, pp. 34, 74 ; 
Chron. de Melsa, i., p. 167. 

3 William de Berville is returned in 1166 as holding part of a knight's 
fee [Red Book, i., p. 421 ; Liber Niger, p. 312). He (or a descendant of the 
same name) is similarly returned in 1201-2 {Red Book, p. 170). Cf. Rotuli 
de Oblatis, p. 145. 

^ Helperthorpe, co. York. 

5 Torgrimthorp. B. Thornthorp, parish of Burythorp, co. York. 

^ Bossall, CO. York. 

7 This cliarter is later than Midsummer, 1 180, after which date the king 
granted to William de Humet his father's office of constable (Ej^ton, Court, 
Household and Itinerary of Henry II., p. 233), in which capacity William 
witnesses this charter. It is earlier than 15 December, 1184, the date of 
the death of Bartholomew, bishop of Exeter, one of the witnesses. The king 
was at Caen in June, 1180, probably in the summer of 1181, and at Christ- 
mas, 1183 (Eyton, pp. 233, 240, 249). 

8 Ashtead, co. Surrey. 
^ Mitcham, co. Surrey. 



24 

dedit Radulfo filio Robert! et Marie, uxori sue, pro servitio 
suo, quam idem Camerarius reddidit eis et concessit, tenendam 
de eo et de heredibus suis, bene et in pace et libere et honori- 
fice, per illud idem servitium, quod predictus Radulfus inde 
fecit patri ipsius Camerarii, sicut carta ejus testatur. 

Concedo etiam eis et confirmo, ad petitionem ipsius 
Camerarii, terram suam de Graham, videlicet Herlauestonam 
et Londenetorp,^ quam idem Camerarius eis reddidit sicut 
rectam hereditatem eorum et concessit eis et heredibus suis, 
Hbere et quiete tenendam de ipso et de heredibus suis, sicut 
Laurentius de Sancto Sepulcro et Radulfus filius Roberti 
et Maria, uxor sua, filia predicti Laurentii, eam tenuerunt, 
per illud idem servitium faciendum, quod fecerunt predicti 
antecessoribus Camerarii, sicut idem Camerarius carta sua 
eis confirmavit. 

Quare volo et firmiter precipio, quod Willelmus de Mara 
et Lecia, uxor sua, et heredes sui omnia predicta habeant 
et teneant de supradicto Willelmo Camerario et de heredibus 
suis, bene et in pace, libere et quiete, integre et plenarie et 
honorifice, cum omnibus pertinentiis et liber tatibus et liberis 
consuetudinibus suis, sicut sepedictus Camerarius eis con- 
cessit et carta sua confirmavit. 

Testibus : G. Eliensi, B. Exoniensi, Henrico Baioc[ensi] 
Episcopis ; Willelmo de Hum[ez], Constabulario ; Seher[o] 
de Quenci ; Willelmo filio Radulfi ; Ricardo Giff[ard] ; 
Gilleberto Pipard. Apud Cadomum. 

Fine impression of great seal. 

[1184-1204]— Grant by Waleran, Earl of Warwick, to Alfred 
the Carpenter and Gamel Blund of Witsahe [Wishaw, co. 
Warwick], of land [in Wishaw ?]. 

Waleranus,2 Comes War[rewick'], omnibus hominibus suis 
et amicis, tarn futuris quam presentibus, salutem. 

Notum sit vobis omnibus me concessisse et dedisse et hac 
mea presenti cartha (sic) confirmasse Alvredo carpentario de 
Witsahe et Gamel Blundo de Witsahe, et heredibus eorum, 
tres acras terre et dimidiam juxta terram Osberti de Moxhul'^ 
et terram Galfridi filii Radulfi : habendas et tenendas de me 
et de heredibus meis ipsi et heredes eorum bene, in pace, 
libere, quiete ab omni servicio mihi et heredibus meis per- 
tinente ; reddendo inde annuatim mihi et heredibus meis 
septem denarios ad duos terminos per annum, scilicet ad 
festum Sancti MicaheHs iij. denarios et obolum et ad festum 
Sancte Marie iij. denarios et obolum. Et pro hac conces- 
sione et donacione dederunt mihi predicti homines Alvredus 

1 Harlaxton and London thorpe, in the soke of Gpantham, liere called 
Qraham (a common Anglo-Norman form of the name), co. Lincoln. 

2 His brother and predecessor, William, died in the Holy Land in 1184 
(Benedict Abbas, i., p. 320 ; Roger of Hoveden, ii., p. 289) on 15 November, 
according to John Rous (Dugdale, Baronage, i., p. 71a). Waleran died 
before 12 January, 1205 {Rot. Litt. Patent., p. 48a). 

3 Moxhall, parish of Wishaw, co. Warwick. 



25 

et Gamel quatuor marcas argenti in recognicione et Alicie 
Comitisse dimidiam^ marcam. 

Hiis testibus : Willelmo de Arden', tunc Sen[escal]oj ; 
Rogero de Castell[o] ; Henrico Reuel ; Roberto filio Yvonis ; 
Ham[one] de Wicsah ; Raenaldo de Witsah ; Radulfo filius 
ejus ; Willelmo de Mum'; Henrico de Munnewrth^ ; et aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1190] — Grant by Roger Pite to Eudo son of William Brito 
of land in Wilghebi [Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, co. Notts]. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego Rogerus Pite 
concessi et hac mea carta confirmavi Eudoni filio Willelmi 
Britonis sex bovatas et octo acras terre in Wilghebi, quas 
Willelmus de Martingni^ dedit prefato Eudoni in liberum 
maritagium cum Rosa filia ejus : tenendum {sic) sibi et 
heredibus suis in feodo et hereditate de me et heredibus meis 
libere, honorifice et quiete, plenarie et integre, cum omnibus 
pertinenciis suis infra villam et extra et in omnibus locis et 
in omnibus rebus ; reddendo inde annuatim infra octabas 
Sancti Martini unam libram cimini et dimidiam pro omni 
servicio, quod ad me vel heredes meos pertinet, salvo forinseco 
servicio et salvo servicio de Tikehil xviij. den[ariorum] per 
annum, scilicet ad festum Sancti Michaelis ixd. et ad mediam 
Quadragesimam ixd. 

Hiis testibus : Magistro Lisiardo* ; Ivo[ne] Sacerdote ; 
Roberto Angeuin ; Nicholao filio ejus^ ; Simone de Aselacton'* ; 
Willelmo de Folevill' ; Ricardo de Colevill' ; Willelmo de 
la Valeie ; Galfrido de Heriz ; Adam de Uffeton^ ; Willelmo 
filio Baudewini ; Gervasio filio Herberti ; Reginaldo 
Brit one ; et multis aliis. 

Seul in green wax, hearing a ^peacock (?). Inscription : -\- 

SlGILLVM ROGERI. 

[c. 1190] — Sale by Bartholomew son of Bartholomew de 

1 dimim., MS. 

2 Minworth, parish of Curdworth, co. Warwick. 

3 See the confirmation to him at page 33 below. 

* This is, no doubt, the Lisiardus the Canon mentioned in the Notts 
and Derby Pipe Roll, 3 John {Rotulus Cancellarii, 3 John, p. 321). " Magister 
Lisiardus," a canon of York, witnesses a charter of the prior and convent 
of Hexham between 1189 and 1194 {Memorials of Hexham, ii., p. 88, Surtees 
Soc), and a deed of tlie prior and convent of Gnisborough between 1191 
and 1207 and another one in company with Simon [de Apuha], dean of York 
from 1194 (Raine, Historians of York, iii., p. 92, Rolls Series) to 1214, when 
Simon was consecrated bishop of Exeter {Ouisbrough Chartidary, ii., pp. 56, 
126, Surtees Soc). 

5 Nicholas Langewin [i.e., 1 'Angevin) was fined with other Notts men 
in 1200 {Rot. de Ohlatis, p. 75). 

6 Aslocton, CO. Notts. 

'' Adam de Uffet[on] witnesses a charter of William I., earl of Ferrers, 
1163-1173 {Rutland MSS., iv., p. 32; cf. charter 2 [A] on that page for 
date). From the charters there given at pp. 35-8, 54, it is obvious that 
this Uffeton is the Uffentune, co. Derby, of the Domesday Survey, i., p. 277, 
col. 2, a berewick of Crich, recorded in Ufton Fields, in the parish of South 
Wingfield. Adam de Offeton is mentioned as a security in 1198-9 under 
Notts and Derby (Pipe Roll, 1 John, ro. 15). 



26 

Notingeham to Godfrey Mauduit of land in Wilghebi 
[Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, co. Notts.] 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego Bartholomeus 
filius Bartholomei^ de Notingeham vendidi et qiiietum clamavi 
Godefrido Mauduit et heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis 
in perpetuum quatuor bovatas terre in Wilghebi, cum 
omnibus pertinenciis suis, quas pater mens tenuit ibidem 
de Willelmo Pite, et ego post ilium, pro sex marcis argenti 
et dimidiam, quas Godefridus mihi dedit. 

His testibus : Roberto de Heriz ; Ivone, filio ejus ; 
Willelmo Pite ; Rogero, fratre ejus ; Willelmo Britone ;, 
Galfrido filio Odonis ; Roberto Andegav[ensi] ; Willelmo de 
Leca^ ; Willelmo filio Baldewini ; Adam filio Ulf ; Helia de 
Sancta Maria ; Reginaldo et Germano, fratribus ejus ; 
Magistro Silvestro ; Johanne filio Walkel[ini] ; Ambrosio ; 
Aki de Notingeham ; Osberto de Wileford'^ ; Ricardo Luterel ; 
Galf[rido] fratre ejus* ; et multis aliis. 

Small oval seal in green tvax, inscribed : Stgillvm 

[c. 1190] — Confirmation by William Pite of the preceding 
sale. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Willelmus Pite con- 
cessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Godefrido Maldut 
quatuor bovatas terre in territorio de Wileby, cum duobus 
toftis et croftis et cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, pro hum- 
magio et servicio suo, scilicet illas quatuor bovatas, quas 
Bartholomeus filius Bartholomei de Notingeham de me 
tenuit, et quas predictus Godefridus emit de predict© 
Bartholomeo. Quare volo, quod predictus Godefridus et 
heredes sui post ipsum habeant et teneant predictas quatuor 
bovatas, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, de me et heredibus 
meis jure hereditario, libere et quiete, honorifice et pacifice, 
infra villam et extra, et in omnibus locis ; reddendo inde 
mihi annuatim unam libram cumini infra octabas Sancti 
Martini pro omni servicio ad me vel ad heredes meos per- 
tinente, salvo forinseco servicio. Et ego Willelmus Pite et 

1 See above, p. 19, for grant of this land to Bartholomew's father. 

2 Leake, co. Notts. William de Leche is mentioned as a surety in 
the Notts and Derby Pipe Rolls for 1184-5 (31 Henry II., ro. 8). He was 
deputy -sheriff for these counties in 1200-1201, 1201-2, and 1203-4. In 
1218-19 John son of William de Lech answered in cos. Notts and Derby for 
a fine for the trespass charged against his father for his autumn justiciary 
when the king was in Ireland, and for his father 's debts, and for concealment 
of the king's money (Pipe Roll, 3 Henry III., ro. 8 ; Madox, Hist, of the 
Exchequer, i., p. 500, note C). 

3 Wilford, CO. Notts. 

* Geoffrey Luterel witnessed the charter of John, earl of Mortain, to the 
burgesses of Nottingham in or shortly after 1189 {Records of the Borough of 
Nottingham, i., p. 10) and he is mentioned under cos. Notts and Derby in 
1188-9 (Pipe Roll, 1 Richards L, p. 158). His lands were taken into the 
king's hands in 1194 for adhering to John in his rebellion (Pipe Roll, 6 Richard 
L, ro. 6 ; 7 Ric. L, ro. 2 ; cf. 1 John, ro. 15). He died before 5 March, 1218, 
when John granted to Philip Marc that he might have Geoffrey's son and 
heir to marry to his daughter {Rot. Litterarum Glausarum, i., p. 353a ; cf. 
Ezcerpta e Rotulis Finium, i., p. 9). See further Dugdale, Baronage, i., p. 
7246; Thoroton, Notts, p. 626, 



27 

heredes mei post me adquietabimus predictum Codefridum 
et heredes suos de omni servicio unde predicte quatuor bovate 
debent respondere ad Honorem de Tikehill', et ego et 
heredes mei debemus warantizare sepedicto Codefrido et 
heredibus suis predictas quatuor bovatas, cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis, contra omnes homines. Et ut hec concessio 
rata et inconcussa permaneat, illam sigillo meo corroboravi. 

His testibus : Roberto de Heriz ; Caufrido de Jorz^ ; 
Radulfo fiho Ricardi ; Henrico de Siccavilla ; Willelmo de 
Rotomago ; Willelmo de Leke ; Caufrido Luterel ; Willelmo 
le Bruton ; Roberto le Angevin ; Rogerio Pite ; Humfrido 
le Porter ; Roberto filio Hu[gonis] de Titheby^ ; Caufrido 
filio Hodonis ; Ricardo et Eustachio, clericis ; et [multis 
alijis. 

Torn at end. Seal missing. 

[c. 1190] — Grant by Godfrey Mauduit to Maud, daughter of 
Gervase, the parson of Clifton, of the land confirmed to him 
by the preceding. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri, quod ego 
Godefridus Mauduit dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta 
mea confirmavi Matildi de Cliftun,^ filie Gervasii, persone de 
Cliftun, pro servitio suo, dimidiam carucatam terre, quam 
teneo de Willelmo Pite in Wilgebi, quam emi de Bartholomeo 
filio Bartholomei de Notingham, per tale servicium quale teneo 
terram predictam de domino meo, scilicet, pro j. libra cimini 
pro omnibus serviciis. Et cum ilia terra ego Godefridus 
dedi prefate Matildi dimidiam marcam redditus, quam emi 
a Ricardo Magistro de Langare,^ quam Willelmus filius Hugonis 
de me tenet, pro j. libra cimini pro omnibus servitiis, salvo 
forinseco servitio. Et preter hec, ego Godefridus dedi 
Matildi predicte ij. solidos redditus in Hustorp,^ quos Robertus 
de Chniwetun^ mihi debet ; et in villa de Notingham j. toftum, 
quod fuit Ricardi de Stantun, et j. toftum, quod fuit Ivonis 
Sarezini. Has vero terras illi dedi liberas et quietas, tenendas 
de me et de heredibus meis illi et heredibus suis, per idem 
servicium quale facio dominis meis, prout carte mee testi- 
ficantur. 

1 Geoffrey de Jorz, Georz, whose surname (derived from Jort, in Nor- 
mandy, in the canton of Morteaux-Covihboeuf, arrondissement of Falaise, 
department of La Manche) is recorded in Burton Joyce, formerly Jorz, co. 
Notts, witnessed a deed executed at Nottingham in 1175 (Rievaulx Chartu- 
lary, p.. 82). He was amerced in Notts in 1187-8 and 1188-89 (Pipe Rolls, 
34 Henry II., ro. 14c? ; 1 Richard I., p. 158), and he witnessed the charter 
of John, earl of INIortain, to tlie burgesses of Nottingham {Records of the 
Borough of Nottingham, i,, p. 10), which was probably made in 1189. He 
made fine in 1207 for offences in regard to the forest in Notts, which was 
in his custody {Rot. de Finibus. p. 396 ; Pipe Roll, 9 John, ro. 11). In 1208-9 
Agnes, his widow, made fine to have the wardship of his lands and heir (Pipe 
Roll, 11 John, ro. 10). 

2 Tithby, co. Notts. 

3 Clifton, (on Trent), co. Notts. Gervase the clerk of Clifton made fine in 
1185-6 to have Cudale at ferm (Pipe Roll, 32 Henry II., ro. 8, Notts and Derby). 

4 Langar, co. Notts. 

5 Owthorpe, co. Notts ? 

6 Kniveton, co. Notts. 



28 

Hiis testibus : Rogero de Cressi^ ; Ada de Bertilimunt ; 
Roger o de Hayr ; Willelmo de Cressi^ ; Rogero et Hugone, 
fratribus suis ; Reginaldo de Colewic^ ; Willelmo de Ruding- 
tun* ; Ricardo Barjonas^ ; Galfrido de Cliftun ; Ada de 
Nortfolc ; Gervasio de Cliftun^ ; Nicholao fratre suo ; Ricardo 
de Colewic ; Gerbodo et Willelmo fratribus suis ; Henrico 
Clerico ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1190] — Grant by Simon son of Simon [de Kyme] to 
Bernard of land in Bileburg (Bilborough, co. Notts). 

Symon filius Symonis"^ omnibus amicis suis et hominibus, 
salutem. Notum sit vobis me dedisse et presenti carta con- 
firmasse Bernardo et heredibus suis, hereditario tenendum 
de me et de heredibus meis, duas bovatas terre in Bileburg', 
que fuerunt Radulfi Veiron, cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, 
in bosco et piano, et in omnibus rebus ; annuatim reddendo 
pro omni servicio, quod ad me pertinet, duos solidos, ad 
festum Sancti Martini xijd., ad Pentecosten xijd. Unde 
volo, quod pro servicio, quod fecit patri meo et pro humagio 
suo, istam terram teneat, bene et in pace, libere et quiete, 

1 In 1200 Cecily, late the wife of Roger de Cressi, made fine to have 
dower of his lands in co. Notts (Pipe Roll, 3 John, ro. 8 ; Rotuli de Ohlatis, 
p. 82). Cf. Feet of Fines, co. Notts, file 2, no. 36,A.D. 1204. 

2 Son of the said Roger. See Thoroton, Notts, p. 4676. He answers 
for scutage under Notts and Derbyshire in 1201-2 and 1202-3 (Pipe Rolls, 
4 John, ro. 14; 5 John, ro. 13) and 1213-14 (16 John, ro. 15). Sej also 
note 1, below. He was one of the commissioners to take perambulation 
of the forests in Notts in 1227 {Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum, ii., p. 208a). 

3 Colwick, CO. Notts. Reginald de Colewik, who died in 1252 {Excerpta 
e Rotulis Finium, ii., p. 133), leaving as heir Philip, his son, then aged forty 
and more {Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (1904), i., p. 60, no. 42), was 
alleged by a jury in 1277-8 to have lived a hundred years (Thoroton, p. 278a). 
In 1195-6 he made fine for having his land of Colewic and his serjeantry 
(Pipe Roll, 8 Richard I., ro. 24, and following rolls). In 1201-2 he was fined 
for narrowing the Trent (Pipe Roll, 4 John, ro. 14). He was one of the 
knights who perambulated the forests in Notts in 1227 {Rot. Litt. Glaus. , 
ii., p. 208a). 

* Ruddington, co. Notts. 

5 This surname seems to represent Barjona (St. Matt, xvi., 17). 
Richard Barjonas was dead before 1203-4, 5 John (Thoroton, Notts, p. 54a). 

6 In 1200 Cecily, daughter of Gervase de Clifton, was claiming against 
William Creissi land and dower that he held by courtesy of England (Pipe 
Roll, 3 John, ro. 8 ; Madox, Hist, of Exchequer, i., p. 428, note 2 ; Rotuli de 
Ohlatis, p. 101). In the same Pipe Roll she also made fine to have dower in 
the lands of Roger de Cressi, her husband. Gervase de Clifton 's name occurs 
in the Pipe Rolls throughout John 's reign. In 1220 the king notified to 
the sheriff of Nottingham that he had granted to Gervase de Cliftun that 
Gervase, his son, whom Philip de Ulecotes had caused to be arrested for an 
alleged robbery at London, should be released upon finding sureties {Rotuli 
Litterarum Patentium, p. 4406). 

7 Simon son of Simon [de Kyme], died before Michaelmas term 1199, 
when Petronilla, his daughter {Rot. Curice Regis, p. 437), late the wife of 
Stephen de Faukenberg, released to Walter de Riebof (see below, p. 39) 
and his wife (her sister) all the land that belonged to Simon son of Simon 
in cos. Notts and Derby (Id. ii. pp. 68-9) ; Thoroton, pp. 2316, 4486). The 
lands included a sixth of a knight's fee in Bilborough {Rot. de Ohlatis, p. 7). 
In the reign of John, Simon de Kime produced a charter of Henry II. con- 
firming to his grandfather Simon son of William all the lands that he hold 
in chief in Bileburch (Thoroton, Notts, p. 2326). 



29 

et ita plenarie, ut predictus Radulfus illam tenuit pro 
predicto servitio. 

His testibus : Philippe de Kym' ; Rogero de Benigwrd'^ ; 
Thoma filio Willelmi ; Stephano Camerario^ ; Samsone de 
Streleia ; Eustachio de Brogcholvestowe^ ; Rogero de Stret- 
leia ; Gocelino de Punz ; Ricardo de Gaitona* ; Alberto 
molinario ; Roberto de Marisco ; Vin[centio] de Suabi.^ 

Seal in green wax, bearing triangular shield (1). Inscribed: 
+ S. Walteri [de RJiBYPir. 

[c. 1190]— Grant by Richard Pite to Ralph de Ketlebi of 
land in Whilebi [Willoughby on-the-Wolds, co. Notts], to be 
held of the church of that village. 

Omnibus Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis Ricardus Piete, 
salutem. 

Sciatis me dedisse et hac mea carta confirmasse Radulfo 
de Ketleb[i]^ et heredibus suis duas acras terre in campo 
orientali de Whileb[i], apud Grenehou iij. selliones, ad capud 
Stodfolddale ij. selliones, de subtus^ Stodfolddale iiij.^"" 
sel[liones], illi scilicet et heredibus suis tenendas hereditarie, 
libere, et quiete de Deo et Sancta Maria et de ecclesia 
Omnium Sanctorum de Whileb[i] ; reddendo annuatim pro 
omnibus secularibus serviciis et exaccionibus unum denarium 
ad lumen prenominate ecclesie, et alterum denarium ad 
Fra[t]riam Sancte Domus Hospitalis Jerusalem,^ pro salute 
mea et heredum meorum. Et ego et heredes mei waran- 
tizabimus predictas duas acras terre predicto Radulfo et 
heredibus suis contra omnes homines. 

Hiis testibus : Magistro Alano de Bollishovre^ ; Rogero, 
capellano de Whileb[i] ; Willelmo Piete ; Galfrido filio Hode ; 
Iwehein le Bret(un)' ; Helya de Marteni ; Rogero clerico ; et 
multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

1 Benni worth, co. Lincoln. 

2 Stephen the Chamberlain is mentioned in connexion with lands in 
Lincolnshire from 1165-6 to 1176-7 (Pipe Rolls 12th to 23rd Henry II.). 
In 1166 he is returned as holding knights' fees in cos. Lincoln and York 
{Red Book, i., pp. 385, 425 ; Liber Niger, pp. 273, 316). He renders scutage 
in Lincolnshire in 1189-90 {Red Book, i., p. 76). 

3 Broxtow. See page 11, note 10, above. 
* Gayton, co. Lincoln. 

5 Swaby, co. Lincoln. 

6 Abkettleby, co. Leicester. 
"^ suptus MS. 

8 Thoroton, p. 346, cites a confirmation ' ex chart. Fran. Willughby, 
Ar. ' {i.e., Francis, the naturalist) by Robert de Heritz of a grant by 
Richard son of Grervase of lands in Willoughby to the Knight Hospitallers. 
This charter has not been met with during the inspection of the existing 
collection of MSS. 

9 In 1199-1200 Master Alan de Bolesovres [Bolsover, co. Derby] paid 
30 marks for confirmation of charters (Pipe Roll, 2 John, ro. 1). In the 
following year he received, as Master Alan de Bulesovres, grant of land {terre 
date) of the yearly value of 75s. 3d. in the soke of Oswardesbech [Osward- 
beck, CO. Notts], an entry continued yearly until 1218-19 (Pipe Roll, 3 Henry 
III., ro. 8). His name occurs several times in the Pipe Rolls for 1203-4, 
1206-7, 1208-9, and 1209-10 in connexion with scutages, etc., under cos. 
Notts and Derby. He was the brother and heir of Henry Norreis (Thoroton, 
Notts, p. 406&).' 



30 

[c. 1190] — Grant by Geoffrey Malreward to William de Petra 
of land in Winterborne [Winterborne Maiireward, now 
Winterborne Zelston, alias Marwood, co. Dorset^]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Galfridus Malreward^ 
dedi et concessi Willelmo de Petra totam illam terram, quain 
Duning tenuit de me, in manerio meo de Winterborn, pro 
servicio et homagio suo. Preterea concessi ei Ix. oves cum 
meis ovibus, et iiii. boves cum meis bobus, et iii. vaccas et v, 
porcos cum meis vaccis et porcis, et i. equum in pastura, illi 
et heredibus suis tenendam de me et heredibus meis, libere 
et quiete ab omni servicio preter a regali ; reddendo singulis 
annis ii. solidos, ad Natale xiid. et ad Nativitatem Sancti 
Johannis Baptiste xiid. Ut hec donacio stabilis et firma 
permaneat, eam sigillo meo confirmavi. 

Hiis testibus : Willelmo archidiacono,^ Waltero capellano 
archid[iaconi], Simone de Mariscis, Waltero de Sancto Quintino, 
Andrea de Winterborn', Willelmo de Kersington', Willelmo filio 
Acelini, Roberto de Cirecestria, Waltero Drakegild, et multis 
aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1190] — Grant by William de Reigate, chaplain, to the 
house of St. Leonard, Wilchuswede [Wilkswood, parish of 
Langton Matravers, co. Dorset] of land in Werthe [Worth 
Matravers, Isle of Purbeck, co. Dorset], part of which adjoins 
the marble quarry. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Willelmus de Reigate, 
capellanus, dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea con- 
firmavi, pro salute anime mee et animabus omnium benefac- 
torum meorum, Domui Beati Leonardi de Wilchuswede* et 
fratribus, qui ibidem in perpetuum Deo deservire debent, in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam, totam illam terram, quam 
emi de Waltero filio Ricardi de Bayville, quam habeo in 
campis de Wer)?e, et unam acram terre juxta terram Ricardi 
Canceville versus orientem, que se extendit super quareriam 
marmoris, et pasturam sexaginta bidentum cum una affra 
ubique in pastura mea dominica et etiam in communi, cum 
libero ingressu et egressu : habendam et tenendam in per- 
petuum libere et quiete et pacifice, secundum quod carta inter 
Walterum de Baywille et me facta testatur ; red[dJendo 
inde annuatim dicto Waltero et heredibus suis unam libram 
piperis ad festum Sancti Michahelis pro omni servicio 
seculari, exactione et demanda, salvo^ servicio Domini Regis 
quantum pertinet tante terre in eodem feudo. Ut autem 

1 See Hutchins, Dorset, i., p. 336. 

2 Mentioned in 1175-6 and 1176-7 (Pipe Rolls, 22 and 23 Henry II.) 
under Dorset. 

3 Occurs in 1190 (Le Neve, Fasti, ii., p. 637). 

* The free-chapel, chantry, or priory of Wilkswood, in Langton Wallis, 
parish of Langton Matravers, co. Dorset. The present deed was, no doubt, 
one of the muniments of the chapel delivered by the warden in 3 Henry V. 
to William Filiol. See Hutchins Dorset, ed. 3.. i., p. 641 ; iii., p. 729. 

& Snlvvo MS. 



31 

hec mea donacio et concessio rata sit et stabilis, presentem 
cartam sigilli mei apposicione roboravi. 

Hiis testibus : Domino Ricardo de Seles, [Domino] 
Willelmo de Wodegete/ militibus ; Willelmo de Linchln' ; 
Ricardo, fratre suo ; Henrico, rectore ecclesie de Acford 
AKredi^ ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1190] — Grant by Avicia de Blokeswrthe to Hugh de 
Blokeswrthe of land in Blokeswrthe [Bloxworth, co. Dorset] 
(left margin partly gnawed away). 

[Sciant] omnes tam presentes quam futuri, quod ego Avicia' 
de Blokeswr])e, filia Henrici filii Lud, assensu et [consensu 
her]edum meorum, dedi et concessi Hugoni de BlokeswrJ)e 
et heredibus suis, pro servitio et humagio suo et humagio 
[heredum suorum], unam dimidiam virgatam terre in 
Blokeswrfje, cum quodam mesuagio quod Wlvricus Mark- 
ere tenuit, et cum .... . et prati, quod jacet 

juxta pratum ejusdem Hugonis in prato de Frome, videlicet 
octo acras in campo occidentali [et octo in c]ampo orientali : 
in campo occidentali has, sub curtillo Hamelini unam acram, 
super. Canceliereshulle unam [acram, super Sco]rtelande 
duas acras cum pertinentiis, in Voxleagete unam dimidiam 
acram, Bieste ])ere dune^ unam dimidiam acram, .... 
lange hielue, Binor])e Waterlea unam acram, que terminatur 
super Dreuam, Binorlpe Weterlea unam acram, que . . . . 
super montes, in Blakefurlang' unam acram : in campo 
orientali has : in loco, qui appellatur ' Wr|)e,' unam acram 

. . . . e Eldmannabotme unam acram, versus sut^ de 
Waterlea ex transverso vall[is] duas acras. Item versus sni 
sub Wa[terlea?] tres acras super RiedhuH'. Item super 
Weodhulle unam acram. Hanc predictam terram et hoc 
tenementum cum omnibus perti[nentiis suis] tenebit prefatus 
Hugo et heredes sui de me et heredibus meis jure hereditario, 
libere et quiete ab omnibus servitiis, . . . . is et con- 
suetudinibus, salvo regali servitio ; reddendo inde annuatim 
duos solidos ad iiij'"" terminos anni, scilicet ad [Nativita]tem 
Domini sex denarios, ad Pascha vjd. ad festum Sancti 
Johannis Baptiste vjd. ad festum Sancti Michaelis vjd. 
[Pro hac don]atione habenda et tenenda, dedit predictus 
Hugo mihi tres marcas argenti et dimidiam et filio meo duos 

. . . . donationem firmiter et sine fraude tenenda m 
affidavi ; et si predictam terram prefato Hugoni vel here- 
dibus [suis] warantizare non possem, aliam dimidiam vir- 
gatam terre eque bonam in eadem villa et eodem feudo 
secundum . . . vicinorum eis dabo in escambiam. 

1 See below, page 54, note 2. 

2 Okeford Fitzpain, co. Dorset (Hutchins, iv., p. 327). 

3 An Avicia de Dun was the demandant in a fine levied in 1201 con- 
cerning common of pasture in Bloxworth {Fines, sive Pedes Finiurn, ii., 79). 

4 That is ' to the east of the down. ' 

5 ' South. ' 



32 

Et ut hec mea donatio in posterum rata et inconcussa per- 
maneat, hanc [cartam testimjonii sigilli mei appositione 
clignum duxi roborandam. 

His testibus : Henrico de Stokes^ ; Radulfo Hiiese 
. . . . [Winjterburn' et Waltero et Roberto filiis ejus ; 
Roberto filio Thome, et Thoma et Ricardo filiis ejus ; 
Thoma filio Thome .... Philippo fiho ejus ; Waltero 
Camerario^ ; Willelmo de Jergente^ ; Roberto Bukerel ; Adam 
Freinel ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1190]— Grant by William Francais to John de Alnetho 
of land in Staintun [Stainton-le-Vale, co. Lincoln]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus Francais* 
dedi et concessi et presenti carta mea confirmavi Johanni de 
Alnetho unam mansuram et unam bovatam terre in 
Staintun, cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, sibi et heredibus 
suis : tenendum de me et de heredibus meis in feodo et 
hereditate ; reddendo mihi et heredibus meis annuatim unam 
libram piperis infra octabas Sancti Botulphi pro omnibus 
serviciis mihi pertinentibus et faciendo foraneum servitium. 
Ego vero et heredes mei warantizabimus predicto Johanni 
et heredibus suis predictam ter[ra]m contra omnes homines 
pro xlv. solidos, quos predictus Johannes mihi inde dedit. 

His testibus : Osb[erto] Luvel ; Willelmo Halselin^ ; Henrico 
filio Nigelli ; Petro de Castillun ; Gilleberto de Turonia ; 
Roberto de Baioc[is] ; Roberto Wacelin ; Roberto de 
Otebi^ ; Hugone de Grainesbi^ ; Radulfo de Crochesbi^ ; 
R[oberto ?] Becket ; Willelmo Berner ; Jurdano de Otebi ; 
Matheo de Turgrimbi ^; Thoma fratre suo ; Adam Perce - 
haie ; Radulfo . . . selin^^ ; Radulfo de Urticis ; Will- 
elmo filio Galfridi ; et multis aliis. 

Seal in white wax inscribed : Sigillvm Wilelmi le Fran(?)cs. 

[c. 1190] — Confirmation by Robert de Heriz to William de 
Martigni of Roger Pite's grant, and grant of service in 
Wilgheb i [Willoughby-on- the- Wolds, co. Notts.]. 

1 Henry de Stokes received confirmation by the king of certain grants 
to him from other men of lands in Dorset in 1207 {Rot. Chart., p. 163a). He 
was acting-sheriff of Dorset in 1198-9 and 1199-1200. See Hutchins, Dorset, 
i., p. 411. 

2 Probably the Walter the Chamberlain who is mentioned in a Dorset 
Fine of 1204 {Fines, sive Pedes Finium, ii., p. 94). 

3 Girgenti ? 

* William li Francies was one of the force of Hugh, earl of Chester, 
that surrendered to Henry II. at Dol in 1173 (Roger of Hoveden, ii., p. 53). 
William Franceis, a royal officer, occurs in the Pipe Roll for 1179 {Eyton, 
Court, etc. of Henry II., p. 226), and is probably the person mentioned 
in a fine of 1180-3 {Pedes Finium, Pipe Roll Soc. p. 2). In the Pipe Roll 
1 Richard I., p. 104, the sheriff of Northamptonshire answers for lands that 
had belonged to William le Franceis (cf. Rotuli de Ohlatis, p. 130). 

5 See Rutland MSS., iv., p. 65. 

^ Otby, parish of Walesby, co. Lincoln. 

'7 Grainsby, co. Lincoln. 

S Croxby, co. Lincoln. 

® Thorganby, co. Lincoln. 
10 HalseUn ? Cf. Rutland MSS., iv., p. 65. 



33 

Robertus de Heriz omnibus hominibus et amicis suis, 
presentibus et futuris, salutem. 

Sciatis, me concessisse et hac carta mea confirmasse 
Willelmo de Martigni concessionem et donationem/ quam 
Rogerus Pite ei fecit et sigillo suo confirm avit, liberam, 
solutam et quietam, sicut carta Rogeri de donatione terre in 
Wilghebi, quam inde habet, testatur. Et preterea concessi 
et dedi eidem, pro homagio et servicio suo, servicium Ambrosii 
hominis mei de terra, quam de me tenuit in Wilghebi, salvo 
servicio de Tikehul', quod Ambrosius inde faciet. 

His testibus : Hugone de Lecchelade, Vic' 2; Simone filio 
Ricardi ; Sansone de Stretlega ; Gaufrido de Jorz ; Radulfo 
de Weldeboef 3 ; Reginaldo de Insula ; Randulfo de Wandeslega ; 
Rogero de Aincurt ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1190] — Grant by Gilbert de Houbi [Hoby, co. Leicester] 
to William Brito of land in Wdehus [? Annesley Woodhouse, 

CO. Notts]. 

Gillebertus de Houbi omnibus hominibus presentibus et 
futuris, salutem. 

Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse et hac mea carta con- 
firmasse Willelmo* Britoni illas tres bovatas terre in Wdehus, 
quas disracionavi versus Reginaldum de Anisleia et versus 
ipsum Willelmum : tenendum sibi et heredibus suis in feodo 
et hereditate de me et heredibus meis libere, honorifice et 
quiete, plenarie et integre, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, 
eisdem divisis et metis sicut peralate^ fuerunt per juramentum 
proborum et legalium hominum, pro xij.^^"* d. an[n]uatim mihi 
infra octabas Sancti Martini reddendis pro omni servicio, 
quod ad me pertinet, salvo forinseco servicio. Et pro hac 
concessione et donacione, dedit mihi prefatus Willelmus 
yjj tern niarcas argenti et unum equum, precii x^^°^ marcarum, 
in gersum. 

1 Probably the land in Willoughby granted by William de Martigny 
to Eiido son of William Brito, page 25, above. 

2 Possibly for ' Vicecomite. ' His name does not occur among the 
sheriffs. At p. 56, below, a deputy-sheriff or sheriff's clerk is described as 
" Vicecomes. " 

■i Ralph de Wellebuef is mentioned in 1171-2 (Pipe Roll, 18 Henry II., 
p. 7) as supervising works at Clipstone, co. Notts, a position filled by Henry de 
Welle Buef in the roll for the 23rd year, p. 57. Ralph de Wellebuef 's name 
occurs in 1200 among other Notts men making fines with the king {Rot. 
de Oblatis, p. 75). His goods were taken into the hands of Richard among 
those of other his enemies in co. Notts upon the king's return in 1194 (Pipe 
Roll, 6 Rich. I., ro. 6 ; 7 Rich. I., ro. 2 ; 9 Rich. I., ro. 10 ; 10 Rich. I., ro. 
8). He was a surveyor of works at Horeston Castle (Horsley, co. Derby) 
in 1199-1200 (Pipe Roll, 2 John, ro. 1). In 1202 he levied a fine to William 
de Paries concerning land in Erdburg' (Feet of Fines, co. Notts, file 2, no. 
17), wliich seems to be Erdeburg, now Burrough-on-the-Hill, co. Leicester 
(Nichols, Leicestershire, ii., p. 524), some twelve miles from Willoughby- 
on-the-Wolds. In 1199-1200 and 1202-3 he was supervisor of works at 
Harestan castle [in Horsley, co. Derby] (Pipe Rolls, 2 John, ro. 1; 5 John, 
ro. 13). Oliver de Wellebuef is mentioned in the Pipe Roll 3 John in con- 
nexion witli lands in Notts {Rot. Cancellarii, pp. 306, 317). 

4 Wullo, MS. 

5 ' Perambulated,* from Old French paraller. 

M3 



34 

His testibus : Reginaldo de Anisleia, domino fundi ; Sam- 
sone de Stretlia ; Waltero filio ejus ; Galfrido Barre^ ; 
Radulfo de Weldeboef ; Rannulfo de Wandesleia ; Roberto 
de Stapelford ; Henrico Britone de Hukenhal'* ; Ernaldo 
Schirmissur ; et pluribus. 

Seal inscribed : -\- Sigill' Gileberti de Hobi. 

[c. 1190] — Confirmation by Godfrey de Wellebef to John de 
Hemenal' of the grant of his father, Henry de Wellebef, of 
land in Holou [in Bilborough, co. Notts]. 

Notum sit omnibus tam presentibus quam futuris, quod ego 
Godefridus de Wellebef concessi et hac carta mea presenti 
confirmavi Johanni de Hemenal' donacionem et concessionem 
et confirmacionem Henrici de Wellebef, ^ patris mei, scilicet, 
de dimidia bovata terre in Holou, et de uno crofto cum tofto, 
et de una acra prati cum omnibus pertinenciis, sicut carta 
patris mei testatur. Et ut donacio Henrici de Wellebef, 
patris mei, rata et inconcussa perseveret in posterum pre- 
dicto Johanni de Hemenal' et heredibus suis, sigilli mei 
munimine eam corroboravi. 

Hiis testibus : Ricardo de Laxton'* ; Roberto fratre ejus ; 
Willelmo de Anseleia^ ; Galfrido filio Galfridi de Karleton'® ; 
Willelmo fratre ejus ; Waltero Dispens[atore] ; Willelmo 
nepote Domini ; Serlone clerico hujus carte compositore ; 
et multis aliis. 

Seal illegible, 

[c. 1190] — Grant by Isabel, lady of Gressighehalia [Gressen- 
hall, CO. Norfolk] to Roger de Fri villa, her brother, of her 
holding in Uuelingheham [Wellingham, co. Norfolk]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Ysabel, Domina de 
Gressighehalia, dedi et concessi et hac mea carta presenti 
confirmavi Rogero de Fri villa, fratri meo, et heredibus suis, 
si eos de uxore sua desponsata habuerit, et non aliis, omne 

1 Geoffrey Barr6 is returned in 1166 as holding two knights' fees in co. 
Notts {Red Book of the Exchequer, i., p. 344 ; Liber Niger, i., p. 226). He 
was fined for Forest offences in Notts and Derby in 1176-7 (Pipe Roll, 
23 Henry 11. , p. 59). 

2 In 1202-3 Henry Brito of Hukenhal' fined to have the custody of 
the land that had belonged to William son of Costus and the marriage of his 
heirs (Pipe Roll, 5 John, ro. 13). 

3 Occurs as Henry Oil de Buef in 1177-8, when he was surveyor of 
works at Chpstone, co. Notts (Pipe Roll, 24 Henry II., ro. 6d., Notts and 
Derby), and as Henry de Wellebuef in 1176, when he filled the same office 
(Pipe Roll, 23 Henry II., ro. 4). 

* Laxton, alias Lexington, co. Notts. Richard de Leissinton' 
[= Lexington] had the custody of Leissinton' in 1203-4 (Pipe Roll, 6 John, 
ro. 13), and is menticned in 1207-8 in the Rot. de Finibus, pp. 392, 437. He 
was one of the keepers of the Forest in co. Notts, and answered in 1204-5 
for the land of Maud de Calz in Lessington (Pipe Roll, 7 John, ro. 19 ; 
Thoroton, Notts, p. 375a). Robert, his son (afterwards a distinguished 
judge, Diet, of National Biography, xxxiii., p. 203) answered for him in 1205-6 
(Pipe Roll, 8 John, ro, 13) and in 1206-7 (Thoroton, p. 374a). On 16 
January, 1216, Richard made fine with John in a hundred marks and two 
palfreys to have his peace {Rotuli de Finibus, p. 570). 

6 Annesley, co. Notts. 

^ Carlton, co. Notts. 



35 

tenementum quod teneo in Uuelingheham de feudo Micaelis 
Capre/ cum omnibus pertinentiis : tenendum de me et de 
heredibus meis hereditarie, bene et in pace, honorifice, quiete, 
et libere ab omnibus consuetudinibus et ex (sic) omni seculari 
exactione ; reddendo inde annuatim mihi et heredibus meis 
V. solidos ad duos terminos, scilicet ad festum Sancti Johannis 
Baptiste ij. sol. et vjd., et ad festum Sancti Micaelis ij. soJ. 
et vjd. Propter banc donacionem et concessionem fecit mihi 
prefatus Rogerus de Fri villa, f rater mens, homagium suum. 

Hiis testibus : Willelmo filio Comitis Varennie^ ; Nicolao 
de Sana ; Reginaldo de Bosco ; Willelmo, senescallo de 
Gressighehalia ; Willelmo capellano filio Walteri ; Willelmo 
de Taverham^ ; Augustino de Cogham^ ; Rogero de Fri villa ; 
Waltero de Kevervilla ; Rodberto de Verli ; Waltero de 
Hoe 5 ; Godfrido de Hirmighelond ; Radulfo filio suo ; Huberto 
venatore ; Henrico filio W. ; Huberto fratre suo ; David de 
Ueligheham ; Reginaldo de Alto Bosco^ ; Johanne de 
Wltertune' ; Rogero filio Alani de Ueseham® ; Johanne filio 
senescalli. 

Elliptical seal in red wax, with figure of a woman in centre 
holding in her left hand a fieur de lys (}.). Inscription : +Sigill' 
Isa[bel] de Gresnala. 

[c. 1190] — Grant by Henry de Monte Forti to Hugh, his 
brother, of his lands of Pychavilla, Goutevilla, and Clevilla 
[? Pickwell, CO. Leicester]. 

Henricus de Monte Forti^ omnibus hominibus suis et amicis, 
Francis et Anglicis, clericis et laicis, tam futuris quam 
presentibus, salutem. 

Ad universorum notitiam referatur, me dedisse et con- 
cessisse et hac mea presenti carta confirmasse Hugoni de 
Monte Forti, fratri meo, et heredibus suis totas terras meas 
de Pychavilla et de Goutevilla et de Clevilla, cum omnibus 
eisdem terris pertinenciis et libertatibus : ad tenendum here- 
ditarie de me et de heredibus meis ; reddendo annuatim mihi 
et heredibus meis duo calcaria deaurata pro omnibus serviciis 
mihi et heredibus meis pertinentibus. 

Quare volo et firmiter precipio, quatinus predictus Hugo 
et heredes ejus post ilium habeant et teneant totas pre- 
nominatas terras de me et de heredibus meis Ubere et quiete 

1 Michael Capra is returned in 1166 as holding knights' fees in co. 
Essex {Red Book, i., p. 347 ; Liber Niger, p. 230). 

2 On 12 May, 1202, John issued orders for delivery to William, son of 
Hamelin, earl Warenne, of his father's lands, having taking his homage upon 
hearing of his father's death {Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, p. 106). 

3 Taverham, co. Norfolk. 

4 Congham, co. Norfolk ? 

5 Hoo, CO. Norfolk. 

6 Hautbois, co. Norfolk. 

7 Wolterton, co. Norfolk, 

8 Weasenham, co. Norfolk. 

^ Henry de Monte Forti succeeded before the death of Henry II. in 
1189 (Dugdale, Baronage, i, p. 407b, quoting Pipe Roll 2 Richard I.). He 
was a surety to the king in 1207-8 {Rot. de Fin'^tis, p. 460). He was dead 
by 1207-8 (Dugdale, Baronage, i, p. 408a). 



36 

et honorifice, cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consue- 
tudinibus, in bosco, in piano, in foro et extra, in pratis, in 
pascuis, in piscariis, in stangnis, in molendinis, in aquis, in viis, 
in semitis, in exitibus, et in omnibus aliis locis prefatis terris 
pertinentibus per prefatum servicium. 

His testibus : Aytrop Hasteng^ ; Willelmo et Waltero de 
Monte Forti ; Ricardo capellano ; Willelmo de Hulehale^ ; 
Roberto filio Nicholai ; Clare de Beldesert-'^ ; Willelmo de 
Rameham* ; Johanne Brusle ; Rand[ulfo] et Reimbaldo, 
fratre suo ; Gileberto de Brahal ; Adam filio Lamberti ; 
Roberto filio Henrici ; Aytrop de Boilest[un]5 ; Petro clerico, 
qui banc cart am scripsit ; et aliis multis. 

Valete ! 

Seal missing. 

[1192-8] — Grant by Robert de Sutton to Robert de Leiburn^ 
[Leybourne, co. Kent] of his lands, etc., in Leitun, Camarwelle 
[? Camberwell, co. Surrey] and his marsh of Scapaie [Sheppy, 
CO. Kent] in exchange for the land of Bures [Bowers Giffard, 
CO. Essex ?]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Robertus de Suttun' 
concessi et hac carta mea confirmavi Roberto de Leib[urn] 
et heredibus suis totam terram meam de Leitun',' cum per- 
tinenciis, et xx. solidos in terra et redditu meo de Redhe,^ et 
totam partem meam de Camarwelle pro v. solidis, et Her- 
woldilande pro v. solidis, et partem meam maresci mei de 
Scapaie, quod vocatur ' Nesse ' ; in excambium terre sue de 
Bures, cum pertinenciis, quam idem Robertus de Leib[urn] 
concessit mihi et heredibus meis, tenendam de eo et heredibus 
suis pro quarta parte feodi unius militis, salvo servicio militum 
ad tenementum illud pertinencium, quod idem Robertus de Lei- 
b[urn] in manu sua retinet. Ego vero Robertus de Suttun' et 
heredes mei warantizabimus predicto Roberto de Leib[urn] et 
heredibus suis predictas terras cum predictis redditibus contra 
omnes homines et feminas. Et ut hec concessio perpetuam 
obtineat firmitatem, eam sigilli mei munimine et subscrip- 
torum virorum testimonio roboravi. 

His testibus : Rseginaldo de Cornhull', tunc Vicecomite^ ; 
Werresio de Valunn[iis] ; Willelmo de Chirintun' ; Roberto 
de Champann[ia] ; Guarino filio Fulcher[ii] ; Willelmo de 
Sancto Lupo ; Nicholao Walensi ; Jacobo Salvage ; Hendrico 
de Chobeh[am] ; Henrico de Sornes ; Johanne de Silingeholde ; 

1 The wife of Aitropus Hasteng made fine with tlie king in 1205 for 
having seisin of land in co. Warwick {Rot. de Finibuf, p. 258). 
^ ITUenhall, parish of Wooton Wawen, co. Warwick. 

3 Beaudesert, co. Warwick, the .seat of the Montforts. 

4 Remenham, co. Berks. 

5 Boylestone, co. Derby. 

^ Robert de Leybum was alive on 28 April, 1197, and dead before 
Michaelmas, 1198 (Pipe Roll 10 Ric. I., in Dugdale. Baronage, ii, p, 13a, 
Archaeologia Cantiana, v., pp. 158, 191, note 42). 

7 Loyton, co. Essex, or Leyton, now Leacon, parish of Wostwoll, 
CO. Kent ? 

8 Reed, parish of Harden, or Rede, parish of Bridge, co. Kent ? 

9 Reginald de Cornhill was sheriff of Kent from 1192 to 1214. 



37 

Godfrido de la Dene ; Ricardo de la Bere ; Waltero fratre ejus ; 
et multis aliis. 
Seal missing, 

1199, August 24. — Charter of King John, granting to William 
de Stutevill a weekly market in Cotingham [Cottingham, co. 
York]. 

Johannes, Dei gracia, rex Anglie, dominus Hibernie, dux 
Normannie, Aquitanie, comes Andegavie, archiepiscopis, 
episcopis, abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, vicecomitibus, et 
omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis, salutem. 

Sciatis, nos dedisse et concessisse et hac presenti carta nostra 
confirmasse dilecto nostro Willelmo de Stutevill' et heredibus 
suis unum mercatum in villa de Cotingham per unum diem 
in qualibet septimana, scilicet diem Jovis. Et ideo volumus 
et firmiter precipimus, quod idem Willelmus et heredes sui 
post eum habeant et teneant bene et in pace mercatum illud, 
cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus ad 
hujusmodi mercatum pertinentibus. 

Hiis testibus : E. Eliensi episcopo, W. comite Arundell', 
W. Marescair, comite de Penbroc. 

Dat[a] per manum H. Cantuariensis archiepiscopi, cancellarii 
nostri, apud Rothomagum, xxiiij. die Augusti, regni nostri 
anno primo. 

Portion of great seal in green wax. 

Enrolled on Charter Roll, p. 126. 

A transcript in handwriting of John Ray is attached. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Robert de Diva, prior of the Knight 
Hospitallers in England, to Robert son of Hugh de Blokes - 
worth [Bloxworth, co. Dorset] of a mill in Mordon [Morden, 
CO. Dorset]. 

Universis Christi fidelibus, ad quos presens scriptum per- 
venerit, Frater Robertus de Diva,^ Fratrum Hospitalis 
lerusalem humilis prior in Anglia, salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra, nos, de communi consilio et 
assensu fratrum capituli nostri, concessisse et hac presenti 

1 According to the Latin list of priors of the Hospital of St. John of 
Jerusalem in England in Newcourt's Repertorivm, i., p. 6G9, from which the 
list in the Monasticon, vi., j). 799, is derived, a Ralph de Dyna (sic) succeeded 
Richard de Turk as prior. The latter 's i)redecessor. Gamier de Neapoli. 
(Nablus in Syria), was, according to this list, ]:»rior before 1162, but he first 
first appears in April, 1185, and became Grand Master of the Order in 
1190 (see Round, " Gamier de NaVjlous," in Archceologia, Iviii., pp. 364-7), 
when he was succeeded as prior in England by Alan de Sancta Cruce (lb., p. 
388), who was consecrated bishop of Bangor on 16 Ai)ril, 1195. In the 
Latin list Ralph de Dyna is made to precede Richard Turk and to succeed 
Alan, but he seems really to have been prior before Garnier de Nablus (see 
J. Delaville Le Roulx, Cartulaire general do, VOrclre des Hospitallers de S. 
Jean de Jerusalem, Paris, 1894 sqq., i., )). 210, no. 28, where Harley Charter 
44 H. 53 is assigned to 1160-1180). M. Delaville Le Roulx, i., p. 685, 
assigns 1200-1204 for the office of Richard Turk (Tyrcus), but the earlier 
date may be taken back to 1195, since the original charter of Prior Alan 
dated September 1199 (i., j). 681), upon which it is based, contains an error 
in date, probably for 1190 (Romid, p. 388). In Sei)tember, 1207, Roger 
de Vere was prior {Cartulaire general, ii., p. 74, no. 1209). The Robert de Diva 



38 

carta nostra confirmasse Roberto filio Hugonis de Blokeswurth 
molendinum nostrum de Mordon', quod habemus de dono 
Willelmi de ClauillV cum pertinenciis suis : tenendum et 
habendum sibi et heredibus suis ; reddendo inde annuatim 
domui nostre viginti solidos ad quatuor anni terminos, vide- 
licet ad festum Sancti Michaelis qu[i]ncque (sic) solidos, et 
ad Natale Domini quincque solidos, et ad Pascha quincque 
solidos, et ad festum Sancti Johannis Baptiste quincque solidos, 
pro omni servicio ad nos inde spectante ; ita tamen, quod in 
obitu suo, similiter et heredum suorum, quadraginta solidi pro 
tercia parte catallorum suorum domui nostre quieti remanebunt. 

Hiis testibus : Fratre Ricardo de Runfug[ereiJ, Fratre Willelmo 
de Haliwell', Fratre Johanne de Hildesdon', capellanis ; 
Fratre Radulfo de Crindham, Fratre Ada de Sancto Laurencio, 
militibus ; Fratre Rogero de Upton' ; Fratre Willelmo de 
Camera ; Fratre Gilberto ; et aliis. 

Seal missing, 

[c. 1200] — Grant by William Spicfat of Cattorp [Caythorpe, 
parish of Lowdham, co. Notts] to John, the Chaplain of 
Ludham [Lowdham]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego WiUelmus Spicfat, ^ de 
Cattorp, concessi et dedi et hac presenti carta mea confirm- 
avi Johanni Capellano de Ludham, pro servicio suo et honore 
sepius mihi collato, et pro quinque solidis argenti, quos mihi 
dedit in necessitate mea, unam dimidiam acram prati, que 
jacet in curto prato inter pratum Henrici de Marcham et 
pratum Regenaldi, fratris mei, quod de me tenet : habendam 
et tenendam de me et de heredibus meis sibi et quibuscunque 
illam assignare voluerit, et assignatis eorum, libere et quiete, 
solute et hereditarie ; reddendo inde annuatim mihi vel 
heredibus meis unum obolum ad Natale Domini pro omni 
servicio, exaccione et demanda. Ego vero predictus WiUelmus 
et heredes mei predictam dimidiam acram prati predicto 
Johanni et assignatis suis in perpetuum contra omnes 
homines warentizabimus. 

of the present charter does not occur in the CartuLaire. He is pos- 
sibly the prior R. of a charter of 18 May, 1204 (Delaville Le Roulx in 
Melanges de archeologie et d'hiatoire of the French School at Rome, 1881, p. 
375), and is to be identified with Robert the Treasurer, who occurs as prior 
about 1206 {Cartulaire, ii., p. 55, no. 1229 ; Macray, Charters of Salisbury, 
Rolls Series, p. 71), and executed a charter at Ossington [co. Notts] dated 
13 January, 1205 {Cartulaire general, ii., p. 67, no. 1233 ; facsimile in 
Palseographical Society's publications. Series II., pi. 117). The latter is 
witnessed by a " Frater Ric[ardus] de Rotund[o] Fulger[eto], ' ' who is ob- 
viously the ' ' Frater Ricardus de Runf ug ' " of the present charter, whose 
surname is therefore derived from Ronfeugeray in the department of the 
Ome (canton of Athis, arrondissement of Domfront). 

1 His widow appears in 1196 as tenant in Morden {Fines, sive Pedes 
Finium, ii., p. 72 = Feet of Fines, Pipe Roll Soc, p. 120). 

2 William Spichfat occurs in the Pipe Rolls for cos. Notts and Derby 
for 1199-1200 (2 John, ro. 1) and 1200-1 as owing amercements {Rot. Can- 
cellarii, 3 John, p. 314). Ho is also mentioned in 1218-19, 1219-20, and 
1220-1 (Pipe Rolls, 3 Henry III., ro. 8 ; 4 Henry III., ro. 11 ; 5 Henry III., 
ro. 5). The surname is a compound, unrecorded in Old English, of spic 

* bacon ' and foett * fat ' (adj.), corresponding exactly to German speckfett 

* very fat.* 



39 

Hiis testibus : Eust[achio] de Ludham, clerico^ ; Waltero 
filio suo ; Ricardo filio Willelmi de Birtun'^; Gilberto de 
Ludham, clerico^ ; Willelmo de Sibetorp* ; Roberto filio 
sacerdotis ; Roberto de Ravenigham ; Thoma filio Roberti ; 
Andrea filio Rogeri ; Henrico de Marcham.^ ; Roberto fratre 
ejus ; Willelnio de Ulvestorp* ; et multis aliis. 

A dupL'cate of this charter exists, written in the same hand, 
and with the same witnesses, except Richard son of WilUam 
de Birtun, Gilbert de Ludham, Robertus fihus sacerdotis, 
Robert, brother of Henry de Marcham, but adding Robert son 
of Robert (= Robert fihus sacerdotis ?), Roger de Beufou, Roger 
son of Robert de Uulvestorp, and Reginald de Cattorp. 

Fragment of seal. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Walter de Ribof to Simon son of Bernard 
de Bileburc of the tenement in Bileburc [Bilborough, co. 
Notts] that his father held of Simon son of Simon and after- 
wards of Walter. 

Walterus de Ribof ^ omnibus hominibus presentibus et 
futuris, salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra, me concessisse et hac present! 
carta mea confirmasse Symoni filio Bernard! de Bileburc 
totum tenementum quod Bernardus,® pater ejus, tenuit 
primo de Symone filio Symonis et post de me in Bileburc, cum 
omnibus pertinenciis suis : tenendum sibi et heredibus suis 
in feodo et hereditate de me et heredibus meis libere, honorifice 
et quiete, plenarie, perfecte et integre, cum omnibus per- 
tinenciis suis et aisiamentis suis infra villam et extra, in bosco 
et piano, in omnibus locis et in omnibus rebus ; reddendo inde 
annuatim duos solidos, scilicet ad Pentecosten xij. denarios 
et ad festum Sancti Martini xij. denarios pro omni servicio, 
quod ad me pertinet. Pro hac vero concessione et confir- 
macione, dedit mihi predictus Symon xxx. solidos argenti 
de gersum. 

1 A fine concerning land in Lamcote (parish of Holme Pierrepont, 
CO. Notts) was levied on 20 November, 1208, between Thomas son of Geoffrey, 
demandant, and Eustace the clerk of Ludham (Feet of Fines, co. Notts, 
file 2, no. 43). Eustace de Ludham (Lowdham, co. Notts) was deputy- 
sheriff for COS. Notts and Derby in 1213-14 (cf. Testa de Nevill, p. 19o), and 
acted as cuatos of Yorkshire in 9 Henry III. {Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1216- 
1225, p. 524) and in 10 Henry III. as a justice of the Forest, etc. In 1206-7 
Eustace, parson of Ludeuham, made fine for making a ditch like a deerleap 
at Ludenham (Pijx) Roll, 7 John, ro. 7 ; in Madox, Hist, of the Exchequer, 
i., p. 499, note s.). 

2 Burton Joyce, co. Notts. The holding of Richard son of William 
there is recorded in the Testa de Nevill, p. 20o. 

8 See Thoroton, Notts, p. 290a. 

* Sibthorpe, co. Notts. William de Sibetorp answered for scutage in 
1204-5 (Pipe Roll, 7 John, ro. 19, Notts and Derbyshire). Cf. Testa de 
Nevill, p. 14a. 

5 Markham, co. Notts. 

^ Woolsthorpe, parish of Lowdham (Thoroton, Antiqq. of Notts, p. 288), 
now disappeared. 

7 Walter de Ribof [R^bceuf, near Dieppe, Seine-Inf^rieure] acquired 
lands in Bilborough in 1202 (see above, page 18, note 6). 

8 See the grant to him, p. 28 above. 



40 

Hiis testibus : Samsone de Stretle ; Willelmo de Leke ; 
Roberto de Boves ; Rannulfo de Wandeleia (sic) ; Gilberto 
de Brocolvestoue ; Roberto de Passeis^ ; Ricardo, clerico 
Vicecomitis ; Roberto Andegavensi ; Henrico, clerico de 
Hukenale ; Willelmo filio Coste- ; Galfrido Luterel ; Willelmo 
le Corner 3 ; Ely a filio Elye ; Swano de Derbi et Astino filio 
ejus ; Hugone, persona de Bileburc ; Rogero de Sancta 
Maria ; Germano filio Willelmi ; Willelmo Baldewini filio ; 
Waltero serviente Walteri de Ribof ; et pluribus aliis. 

Circular seal inscribed : -f Sigill . . . . er . . . 
IBEVF, bearing a shield with a chevron between two roundels in 
chief, and, possibly, another charge in the base. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Hugh de Insula to Geoffrey son of 
Gilbert de Broculvestowe [Broxtowe, co. Notts] of the lands 
that Geoffrey's father held in Thorp [Algarthorpe, parish 
of Basford, co. Notts] and in Basford. 

Omnibus Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis, Hugo de Insula/ 
salutem. 

Noverit universitas vestra, me concessisse et present! carta 
confirmasse Gaufrido fiHo Gilberti de Broculvestowe ^ et 
heredibus suis omnes terras et omnia tenementa, que pater 
suus Gilbert tenuit de antecessoribus meis die et anno, quo 
mortuus fuit, unde habet cartas antecessorum meorum, 
scilicet, quatuor bovatas terre in territorio de Thorp, inter 
aquam, que dicitur Liene,^ et Beescwde,' cum omnibus per- 

1 Robert de Passeis (Passais, arrond. of Doinfront, in the department 
of the Orne) answers for scutage in cos. Notts and Derby in 1202-3 and 
1203-4 (Pipe Rolls, 5 John, ro. 13 ; 6 John, ro. 13). 

2 The Costus the Falconer who had a grant of lands worth 100s. yearly 
in Hucknall (Hochenhala), for which allowance for lialf a year was made 
to the sheriff in 1159-60 (Pipe Roll, 6 Henry IL, p. 43) and for the whole 
year in the following roll (p. 31). In the next roll (p. 32) the grant is raised 
to 61. 10s. Od. by the addition of lands in Kirkby, an entry that is repeated 
many years subsequently. He was excused 5s. in 1180-1 under cos. Notts 
and Derby (Pipe Roll, 27 Henry II., ro. Id.). In 1202-3 Hugh Brito of 
Hukenhal' made fine to have the wardship of the land of William son of 
Cost', and the marriage of his heir (Pipe Roll, 5 John, ro. 13). William's 
serjeantry is entered in the Testa de Nevill, p. 226 ; cf. 18a. Cf. Eot. 
Litterarum Glausarum, i., pp. 1186, 123a. 

'^ William le Corner, senior and junior, were amerced in 1206-7 (Pipe 
Rolls, 9 Jolm, ro. 11, Notts and Derby). William Cornar[ius] was super- 
visor of carpenters in Nottingham castle in 1213-14 (Pipe Roll, 16 John, 
ro. 15), and of building operations there in 1218-19 (Pipe Roll, 3 Henry III., 
ro. 8). See Nottingham Boroizgh Records, i., pp. 18, 50. 

4 Hugh de Insula pays scutage under cos. Notts and Derby in 1197-8 
(Pipe Roll, 10 Richard I., ro. 8), and in 1198-9 (Pipe Roll, 1 John, ro. 15 ; 
Red Book, i., p. 122), and in 1209-10 (Pipe Roll, 12 John, ro. 12 ; Red Book 
p. 180). He died before 1210-11, in which year Thomas Despenser with 
Hugh's daughter and heiress held his lands {Red Book, ii., p. 584 ; cf. Rot. 
Litterarum Glausarum, i., pp. 1186, 174). 

^ Gilbert de Broculvestowe was amerced for a forest offence under 
cos. Notts and Derby in 1186-7 and 1187-8 (Pipe Roll, 33 Hen^y II., ro. 12 ; 
34 Henry II., ro. 14d.). He was the son of Eustace (Thoroton, Notts, p. 
232a). Geoffrey de Broculvestowe 's holding in Broc[ulvestowe] is recorded 
in an inquisition taken in 1213-14 (the year of office of Eustace [de Liide- 
ham], who is mentioned at p. 19a) in the Testa de Nevill, p. 18a. 

6 The river Leen. 

7 Bestwood [Park], co. Notts. 



41 

tinenciis suis ; in Baseford' unum molendinum cum secta 
et omnibus aliis pertinenciis suis, tres acras terre ad capud 
unius culture sue versus Broculvestowe : tenenda et habenda 
sibi et heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis libere et quiete, 
plenarie, integre et honorifice in omnibus locis, cum omnibus 
libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus, per servicium unius 
marce ex una parte et duorum solidorum ex alia parte, mihi 
et heredibus meis an[n]uatim solvendorum ad duos terminos, 
ad festum Candelarum vij. sol. et viijd. et ad Sanctum 
Michaelem tantundem, pro omni servicio ad me pertinente. 
Hanc autem concessionem et confirmacionem feci predict o Gau- 
fridopro homagio suo et rationabili relavio, quoddeillo recepi. 

Hiis testibus : Priore et Conventu de Novo Loco ; Philippo 
Priore de Baseford' ; Samsone de Stratl[eia] ; Waltero de 
Ribeof ; Simone de Baseford ; Patricio de RoseP ; Thomas 
de Rosel ; Costo sacerdote ; Gervasio de Ernhal'^ ; Radulfo 
de Broculvest[owe] ; et multis aliis. 

Seal in green wax with quatrefoil^ inscribed . . gonis d . . 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Robert son of Herbert de Bramcote 
[Bramcote, co. Notts] to Silvester son of Robert the chaplain 
of Bestona [Beeston, co. Notts], of land [in Bramcote]. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego Robertus filius 
Hereberti de Brancote^ dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta 
mea confirmavi Silvestro filio Roberti Capellani de Bestona 
unam acram terre in Viuicroft : tenendam de me et heredibus 
meis sibi et heredibus suis libere et quiete et honorifice ; 
reddendo inde annuatim mihi et heredibus meis ille et heredes 
sui unam libram cimini ad festum Sancti Martini pro omni 
servitio ad me vel heredibus meis pertinente. Preterea, 
concessi ei communionem cum heredibus meis in pratis, in 
pascuis, in viis et in semitis, et ubicunque fuerit communio 
omnium meorum. Pro hac itaque concessione habenda, dedit 
mihi prefatus Silvester dua talenta in gersumam. 

His testibus : Magistro Silvestro de Notinch[eham]* ; Silvestro 
filio ejus, persona de Radefort^ ; Roberto, persona de 
Adigburc® ; Ricardo, capellano de Brancote ; Pascasio 
de Estweit ; Waltero de Estweit' ; Henrico clerico de 

1 Rosel, Normandy, canton of Creully, arrond. of Caen, depart, of the 
Calvados. 

2 Arnold, co. Notts. Gervase de Arnehale witnesses a deed c. 1221 
relating to Nottingham {Records of the Borough of Nottingham, i., p. 14). 

3 Herbert de Brampcote [Bramcot, co. Notts] was a benefactor of 
Lenton Priory (Thoroton, Notts, p. 2096). Robert de Brancote was one of 
the supervisors of works at Harestan and Bolsover castles in 1208-9 (Pipe 
Roll, 11 John, ro. 10). 

4 See page 20, note 14, above. 

5 Radford [now included in the city of Nottingham]. 

6 Attenborough, co. Notts. 

7 Walter de Estwait is mentioned under cos. Notts and Derby in 
1165-6 and 1166-7 (Pipe Rolls, 12 Henry II., p. 52 ; 13 Henry II., p. 139). 
Walter de Estweit made a fine, with other Notts men, in 1200 {Rotuli de 
Ohlatis, p. 75) and was fined for a forest offence in 1209-10 (Pipe Roll, 12 
John, ro. 12, Notts and Derby). He is described as sheriff of Nottingham- 
shire in 1225 {Records of the Borough of Nottingham, i., p. 20), meaning, no 
doubt, deputy to Ralph son of Nicholas, the sheriff. 



42 

Huchenal'i ; Reginaldo de Brancote^ ; Galfredo de Brancote ; 
Johanne et Rogero, filiis Roberti de Beston, et Bartholomeo 
fratre suo ; et multis aliis. 

Seal in green wax, with floriated ornament in centre. Inscrip- 
tion : -\-8igiIjl' Roberti Fili' Herberti. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Hugh son of Thomas de Cozale to 
Alexander son of Huctred [Ughtred] de Hemdeshill [Hemps- 
hall (Hall), parish of Nuthall, co. Notts], of land in Cozale 
[Cossal, CO. Notts]. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego Hugo filius 
Thome de Cozale dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmavi Alexandro fiHo Huctredi de Hemdeshil,^ pro humagio 
et servicio suo, meam acram prati in prato de Cozale, que 
vocatur " magna acra " : tenendam et habendam sibi et 
heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis libere, honorifice, et 
quiete ; reddendo inde annuatim michi et heredibus meis 
sex denarios ad festum Sancti Martini pro omni servicio michi 
et heredibus meis pertinenti. Ego vero Hugo et heredes mei 
garantizabimus predicto Alexandro et heredibus suis acram 
predictam contra omnes homines. 

Hiis testibus : Symone de Wattenhou,* Symone de 
Bileburc,^ Hugone de Nutehale,« Hugone de Temes, 
Symone filio Juete, Symone de Basefort,'' Johanne clerico de 
Kinemarle,^ et multis aliis. 

Seal with fleur-de-lys and the inscription : Sigill' Hugonis 
FILI Tome. 

[c. 1200] — Release by Christiana, prioress of Wilberfoss [co. 
York] of right in land [in Wilberfoss ?], subject to a yearly 
payment, which is to be given to three nuns, sisters of Muriel, 
wife of Simon Sakespee, during their lives. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus has litteras visuris vel audituris, 
Christiana, priorissa de Wilberfosse, et totus ejusdem loci 
Conventus, salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra, nos nichil juris clamare in terra 
ilia, que fuit Simonis Sakespee et Murielis, sponse sue, juxta 
ecclesiam Sancti Dionisii, vel ejus pertinenciis, preter dimidiam 
marcam argenti annuam, quam prefata Muriel dedit nobis 
pro salute anime sue et Simonis, sponsi sui, annuatim percip- 
iendam de prefata terra de Ysaac et Roberto, fratribus ipsius 
MurieHs, scilicet, medietatem de uno et medietatem de altero, in 
tot a vita ipsius Roberti. Post mortem vero Roberti, Ysaac et 

1 Hucknall, co. Notts. 

2 Mentioned in the Pipe Roll for 1210-11 (13 John, ro. 2, Notts and 
Derby). 

3 The " Hamessel " of Domesday Book, i., p. 288, col. 1. It appears in 
1209-10 as HindeshuU, where it answers with Bulwell for wasto (Pipe Roll 
12 John, ro. 12). 

* Watnall, parish of Greasley, co. Notts. 

^ Bilborough, co. Notts. 

6 Nuthall, CO. Notts. 

7 Basford, co. Notts. 

8 Kimberley, co. Notts. 



43 

heredes sui de corpore suo exituri, quibus prefata Muriel dedit 
totam terram illam hereditarie, reddent nobis annuatim de tota 
terra ilia predictam dimidiam marcam annuam, medietatem 
ad festum Sancti Martini et medietatem ad Pentecosten. Si 
vero Ysaac moriatur sine herede de corpore suo, Thomas 
filius Turgisii et heredes sui tenebunt in perpetuum totam 
predictam terram ; reddendo inde nobis annuatim predictam 
dimidiam marcam annuam ad prefatos terminos. Alicia vero 
et Emma et Juliana, sorores Murielis, moniales nostre, habe- 
bunt in tota vita earum predictam dimidiam marcam ad 
adjutorium vestitus sui. Et ne plus juris supra dimidiam 
marcam annuam in terra ilia in perpetuum vendicare possimus, 
illud presenti carta nostra et sigilli nostri appositione robor- 
avimus. 

Hiis testibus : Gill[eberto] et Radulfo capellanis ; Johanne 
Distefald' ; Laurencio, fratre domus nostre ; Thoma Palmer ; 
Nicholao fratre ejus ; Thoma filio Turgisii ; Nicholao de 
Bretegate ; Thoma filio Roberti ; Adam Verdenel, et multis 
aliis. 

Oval shaped seal with dove displayed bearing in its mouth 
a twig, surrounded with the inscription : Sigill' [PJrioresa 

(sic) DE WiLBVRF . . . 

[c. 1200] — Ratification by the prior and convent of Bulintun 
[Bullington, parish of Goltho, co. Lincoln] of the final concord 
made between them and Alan de Bosdeele, son of Helto de 
Bosdeele, concerning the latter's grant to the prior and con- 
vent and an exchange between Alan and them. 

Cunctis Christi fidelibus, ad quorum notitiam presens carta 
pervenerit, Prior et Conventus de Bulint[un], salutem. 

Sciatis, quod finalis concordia inter nos et Alanum de 
Bosdeele hoc modo facta est, et omnis lis et controversia hoc 
fine sopita : Ipse Alanus concessit et carta sua nobis con- 
firmavit totam donacionem patris sui et matris sue, secundum 
tenorem carte eorum, ad quam appensum est sigillum 
Capituli Lincoln[iensis] ecclesie et sigillum Heute,^ patris sui, 
in pur am et perpetuam elemosinam, istis tribus rebus exceptis, 
videlicet, Gippetoft et pastura de Gosholm et de Bistede ; 
pro quibus tribus rebus prenominatus Alanus dedit nobis 
in excambiis duas acras prati in Miklehale propinquiores 
prato Simonis de Kim'. Nos vero, scilicet Prior et Conventus 
de Bulint[un], omne jus, quod in tribus rebus prefatis 
habuimus, illi in Capitulo Lincol[niensis] ecclesie quietum 
clamavimus, nee per aliquam cartam vel scrip tum de hiis 
tribus rebus prenominatis aliquid clamabimus adversus eum 
vel heredes ejus in perpetuum. Ut autem hec omnia, que 
inter nos scripta sunt, firma et illibata permaneant, tam 
sigilh nostri appensione quam sigilli CapituH Lincoln[iensis] 
ecclesie testimonio, in quo hec acta sunt, corroborantur. 

Hiis testibus : Rogero,^ Decano Lincoln[iensis] ecclesie ; 

1 Helto (of which Heute is the Old French form) de Boisdl' of p. 1 9, above. 

2 Roger de Rolveston, 1195-1223 (Le Neve, ii., 30). 



44 

Magistro Willelmo^ Precentore ; Ricardo de Kim',^ Waltero 
Blundo, Rogero Scoto, Andrea, Canonicis Lincoln [iensis] 
ecclesie ; Simone de Kim'^ ; Magistro Henrico ; Philippo de 
Beaumis ; Rogero Arsic ; Petro de Bekering'* ; . . . a 
filio ejus ; Ranulfo de Midlei ; Simone de Sidetun^. 
Seals missing. 

[c. 1200]— Grant by Peter de Mellento to the House of St. 
Leonard, Ristun [Tarrant Rushton, co. Dorset] of an acre 
of land to be tilled yearly (changing with the cultivation 
and fallowing in a two-course system of cultivation), for the 
maintenance of a light in that house. 

Universis Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis, Petrus de Melle[n]to, 
salutem in vero Salutari. 

Noverit universitas vestra, me, caritatis intuitu, dedisse 
et concessisse Deo et Sancte Marie et Ecclesie Sancti 
Leonardi de Ristune,^ et fratribus ibidem Deo servientibus, 
pro anima mea et pro anima uxoris mee M., et patrum 
matrumque nostrorum, et puerorum et antecessorum, et pro 
fraternitate habenda ejusdem loci, unam acram terre quolibet 
anno colendam, scilicet acram propinquiorem terre, que data 
est in elemosinam ecclesie de Cnoltune' ad lumen ejusdem 
ecclesie, et anno sequenti ex altera parte jam dicte terre 
ejusdem ecclesie de Cnoltune unam acram. ^ Hanc vero 
donationem et concessionem feci pro anima filii mei Willelmi, 
ut perpetue annuatim obsequium anniversarii illius in 
ecclesia ilia celebretur ut pro fratre ejusdem loci. Et ut 
hec donatio firma sit in perpetuum, sigilli mei impressione 
confirmavi. 

His testibus : Helya capellano ; Galfrido clerico ; Radulfo 
filio Domini ; Hugone, cognato ejus ; Rogero filio Hugonis ; 
cum omnibus fratribus Sancti Leonardi de Ristune. 

Seal missing, 

1 William, appointed precentor in 1196, was consecrated bishop in 1203 
{Id., pp. 37, 82). 

2 Wrongly called ' de Rim ' in Le Neve, p. 121. The other Canons are 
not mentioned by Le Neve. 

3 Simon de Kime died shortly before 27 January, 1220 {Excerpta 
e Rotulis Finium, i., pp. 42, 44). 

4 Beckering (Holton cum), co. Lincoln. 

5 Syston, CO. Lincoln. 

6 The religious house or hospital of St. Leonard in the parish of Tarrant 
Rushton, CO. Dorset, See Hutchins, History of Dorset, ed. 3,iii., ]). 463. It 
is called the house of St. Leonard, Risshton by Palmeresbrigge in the Cal. 
Patent Rolls, 7 Ed. III., pp. 417, 420, and the chapel of Russhton in the same 
Calendar 5 Ed. III., pp. 84, 86, 159 where is not identified. This Rush- 
ton appears to be the Riston of Domesday Book, i., 83 col. 2, 83& col. 2 
(=Exon. D.B., 53), 84 col. 2, which Eyton has confused with Rushton in 
East Stoke (D.B., 83 col. 2; 84& col. 1). 

7 Knowlton, a deserted village now in the parish of Horton, co. Dorset. 
See Hutchins, iii., p. 150, where a grant of land by Peter de Meulent [i.e., 
Meulan, arrondissement of Versailles, department of the Seine-et-Oise], the 
donor of this deed, is recorded. 

8 That is, they sliall have an acre on one side of the land given to 
Cnoltune one year, and an acre on the other side of the said land the follow- 
ing year, and so alternately. 



45 

[c. 1200] — Sale by Robert le Westreys to Maud, daughter 
of Geoffrey de Trowall [Trowell, co. Notts], of land in Stanton' 
[Stanton-by-Dale, co. Derby]. 

Sciant omnes tarn presentes quam futuri, quod ego 
Robertus le Westreys, assensu et voluntate Willelmi^, filii 
et heredis mei, vendidi et quietas elamavi de me et de 
heredibus meis Matild[i], filie Gaufridi de Trowall V et cui 
vel quibus assingnare voluerit, et eorum heredibus, duas 
bovatas terre in territorio de Stanton', cum tofto et crofto 
et edificiis, et cum omnibus libertatibus et pertinenciis suis, 
tarn liberas sicut eas unquam liberius tenui, excepto tofto 
juxta toftum Walteri filii Achardi de latitudine viginti pedum 
et longitudine quadraginta pedum versus viam, et exceptis 
tribus rodis juxta Grenehul : faciendo inde servicium Domine 
Ydonee et heredibus suis, scilicet quatuor solidos annuatim, 
pro omni servicio ad eam et ad heredes suos pertinente, salvo 
forinseco servicio, duos solidos ad Nativitatem Beati Johannis 
Baptiste et duos solidos ad festum Beati Thome Apostoli 
ante Natale. Pro hac autem vendicione et quieta clamacione, 
dedit mihi predicta Matild[is] sex marcas argenti. Ego vero 
Robertus le Westreys et heredes mei has duas bovatas terre 
cum pertinenciis prenominatis predicte Matild[i], et cui vel 
quibus assingnare voluerit, contra omnes homines warentiz- 
abimus. Ut igitur presens scriptum robur optineat in pos- 
terum, illud sigilli mei apposicione confirmavi. 

His testibus : Willelmo de Musch[amp],^ Arch[idiacono] 
Derb[ie] ; Petro filio Willelmi de r)erb[ia] ; Matheo 
Thuscheyt ; Petro de Sandiacria^ ; Roberto de Salto (sic) 
Caprioli ; Waltero de Hestweyt^ ; Rogero de Brunesleya® ; 
Roberto de Musch[amp]^ et Hugone et Willelmo, fratribus 

1 William Westrensis (' the westerner ') was amerced under cos. Notts 
and Derby in 1199-1200 (Pipe Roll, 2 John, ro. 1). 

2 Trowell, co. Notts, adjoins Stanton-by-Dale, co. Derby. Geoffrey 
de Trowell' answers for scutage in 1203-4 (Pi}je Roll, 6 John, ro. 13). In 
1212-13 and 1214 Roger son of GeofTrey de Trouuel made fine for having 
the lands that had belonged to his father in Trowell and Brinsley (Pipe Roll, 
15 John, ro. 18 ; Rot. de Finibus, p. 544). 

3 Died 1231 {Annales de Dunstaplia, in Annales Monastici, iii., p. 127). 
^ Sandiacre, co. Derby. Peter de Sandiacie (who appears frequently 

by a strange Fronchification as Peter de Seint Diacre) succeeded about 1194-5, 
when Beatrice de Halun fined to have her dower of the land of Peter de 
Sandiacra, her first husband (Pipe Roll, 7 Richard I., ro. 2). Peter de Seint 
Diacre jiaid 100/. in 1197-8 to have seisin of Horsleg' [Horsley, co. Derby] 
of his inheritance, as he alleged (Pipe Roll, 10 Richard I., ro. S). Peter de 
Sandiacra made fine in 1201 to avoid crossing tlie sea on military service 
{Rot. de Oblatis, p. 127). He is mentioned as a surety in 1207 {Rot. de Finibus, 
p. 333). His name frequently occurs in the Notts and Derby Pipe Rolls 
of John's time in connexion with scutages (cf. Madox, Hist, of Exchequer. 
i., p. 638, note k), etc. He died in or before 1218-19 when his heirs are 
charged with a debt of his, and his Christian name is underlined for de- 
letion, with Richard written over it (Pipe Roll, 3 Hervry III., ro. 8). 

5 Eastwood, CO. Notts. See page 41, note 7, above. 

6 Brinsley, co. Notts. 

7 Robert de Muscamp' [Muskham, co. Notts] makes fine in 1201 in order 
that he may not cross the sea {Rot. de Oblatis, p. 127). In 1203-4 he fined to 
be released from keeping Harestan castle (Pipe Roll, 6 John, ro. 13). In 
1213, his son-in-law, Ralph de Gresel[eye] makes fine for having the lands 
that had belonged to Robert {Rot. de Finibus, p. 507 ; Pipe Roll, 16 John, ro. 
5 ; cf. Excerpta e Rotidis Finium, i., p. 34). 



46 

suis ; Thoma de Henoveri ; Waltero le Scot ; Hugo de Aim ; 
Roberto de Brunesl[eya] ; Henrico de Greseleya^ ; et multis 
aliis. 

Seal with a fleur-de-lys and the inscription : + Sigill' Roberti 
LE Westrin. 

[c. 1200]— Confirmation of the preceding grant by William 
le Westreys, son and heir of Robert le Westreys, witnessed 
by the same persons. 

Seal with a fleur-de-lys and the inscription : -\- Sigill' 

WiLLELMI le WeSTERES. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Eustace son of Hugh to Walter de 
Estweit of the homage and service of Hugh son of Robert 
de Wilgheby for land in Wilgheby [Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds, CO. Notts]. 

Omnibus, qui hoc scriptum viderint vel audierint, Eusta- 
chius filius Hugonis, salutem. 

Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmasse Waltero de Estweit, pro homagio et servitio suo, 
homagium et servitium Hugonis filii Roberti de Wilgheby, et 
heredum suorum, de quatuor bovatis terre, quas idem Hugo 
tenuit de me in eadem villa : tenenda et habenda ipsi Waltero 
et heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis, cum omnibus eorum 
pertinentiis, inperpetuum hbere et quiete et pacifice ; reddendo 
inde mihi et heredibus meis singulis annis duos denarios ad 
festum Sancti Martini pro omni servitio mihi et heredibus 
meis inde percipiendo.^ 

Hiis testibus : Ricardo, abbate de Wellebec* ; Henrico de 
Gray ; Sansone de Stretl[eia] ; Willelmo de Leke ; Galfrido 
de Jorz ; Stephano filio Hugonis ; Paschasio de Estweit ; 
Willelmo de Munjai^ ; James de Bachepuz ; et multis ahis. 

Seal with a floriated ornament and the inscription : -\- Sigill' 

EVSTACI FILII HVGONIS. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Alan son of Humphrey de Eddriceston 
to Robert de Nemore of land in Eddricheston [Atherstone-on- 
Stour, CO. Warwick]. 

1 Heanor, co. Derby. 

2 Greasley, co. Notts. 

3 percipiente, MS. 

* Richard, abbot of Welbeck, was demandant in a fine levied in the 
quinzaine of Michaelmas, 1203, against Alexander, prior of Shelf ord, con- 
cerning the advowson of Kelum (Kelham) church (Feet of Fines, co. Notts, 
file 2, no. 29). He was also demandant in a fine levied at the octave of Holy 
Trinity, 6 John {lb., no. 37), and in another levied in three weeks of St. 
Hilary, 12 John {lb., no. 60). On 7 July, 1215, he delivered to the king 
certain royal jewels that had been deposited in the abbey {Rot. Litt. Pat. 
p. 1486). 

5 William de Mungay made fine, with other Notts men, in 1200 {Rotuli 
de Oblatia, p. 75). His name occurs as tenant in a fine levied in 1203 between 
him and Alexander, prior of Shelford, concerning lands in Lambecote (Feet 
of Fines, co. Notts, file 2, no. 26). He was one of the knights and free tenants 
who made perambulation of the forest of Nottinghamshire (Sherwood Forest) 
in 1218 (Bundle " Do Antiquis Forestis," no. 3, Pub. Rec. Office ; Robert 
White, Dukery Records, 1904, p. 396). 



47 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Alanus filius Hunfredi 
de Eddriceston' dedi et concessi et hac mea present! carta 
confirmavi Roberto de Nemore et heredibus suis, pro homagio 
et servicio suo, unam acram terre in Eddricheston' cum 
pertinentiis, scilicet illam quam Ketelbern tenuit ei et heredibus 
suis : habendam et tenendam de me et heredibus meis Hbere 
et quiete et honorifice, cum omnibus libertatibus in bosco, 
in piano, in pratis, in pascuis, in viis, in semitis et exitibus ; 
reddendo inde michi et heredibus meis ille et heredes sui iij. 
denarios annuatim pro omni servicio mihi pertinente, scilicet 
iij. obolos ad festum Sancti Michaelis et iij. obolos ad festum 
Sancte Marie in Marcio. Et ego Alanus et heredes mei 
prenominatam acram terre Roberto de Nemore et heredibus 
suis contra omnes gentes warantizabimus. 

His testibus : Willelmo de Eddriceston' ; Alano de 
Bladis ; Bernerio de Nemore ; Elia de Logeleia ; Nicholao 
de Burleia ; et aliis. 

Seal in white wax, with fleicr-de-lys (?). Inscription: -{- SiG 
.... Alani fiu' Hunf. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Hugh de Essebroc to Elias the lead- 
smith of Essebroc [in the lordship of Kingsbury, co. Warwick], 
of land near Hugh's park of Kinesberi [Kingsbury]. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego Hugo de 
Essebroc dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi 
Helye Plumbifabro de Essebroc, et heredibus suis, pro 
homagio et servitio suo, septem acras et unam rodam terre 
in meo novo sarto, que jacent juxta parcum de Kinesberi, 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis : habendas et tenendas de 
me et heredibus meis sibi et heredibus suis jure hereditario, 
libere et qui[e]te et honorifice, cum omnibus libertatibus, 
communis, et aisiamentis ; reddendo inde annuatim michi 
et heredibus meis ille et heredes sui octodecim denarios ad 
duos terminos anni, scilicet ad festum Sancti Johannis 
Baptiste novem denarios et ad festum Sancti Michaelis novem 
denarios pro omni servitio, exactione, rebus et demandis 
michi et heredibus meis pertinentibus inperpetuum. Et 
totam predictam terram poterit predictus Helyas claudere et 
fossare, prout melius sibi viderit expedire. Ego vero et 
heredes mei totam prefatam terram cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis warantizabimus prefato Helye et heredibus suis contra 
omnes homines et omnes feminas et calumpnias inperpetuum. 
Pro hac autem donatione et concessione et warantizatione 
dedit michi predictus Helyas Plumbifaber pre manibus duas 
marcas argenti. Et ut hec mea donatio et concessio prescripta 
rata, stabilis et inconvulsa permaneat, sigilli mei appositione 
corroboravi. 

His testibus : Waltero Funwi, Roberto de Plum tun', Ada 
de Broggrave, Simone pincerna; Johanne de Kingesford', 
Roberto de Benethley,^ Willelmo filio Godefridi de Hurley,^ 

1 Bentley, co. Warwick. 

2 Hurley, parish of Kingsbury, co. Warwick. 



48 

Toma filio Ade de Essebi, Willelmo le Waleys, et multis aliis. 
Seal missing. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by John de Bracebruge to Simon de 
Blackgrave [Blackgreave, parish of Lea Marston, co. Warwick] 
of the lands granted by his ancestors to Simon's in le 
Bromicroft [Broomy Croft, parish of Kingsbury, co. Warwick], 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Johannes de Brace- 
bruge concessi et hac presenti karta confirmavi Simoni de 
Blacgrave, pro homagio et servicio suo, totam terram quam 
antecessores mei suis antecessoribus dederunt, sciHcet totum 
le Bromicroft, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, et duodecim 
acras prati sub dive ad predictum croftum pertinentes, et 
unam holmam infra aquas contentam ad idem croftum per- 
tinentem ; ilh et heredibus suis tenendum et habendum de 
me et heredibus meis inperpetuum, libere et quiete, pacifice 
et honorifice, cum omnibus aisiamentis ad prenominatam 
terram pertinentibus ; reddendo inde annuatim ille et heredes 
sui michi et heredibus meis pro omni servicio et seculari 
exactione ad me et ad heredes meos pertinente tres solidos 
ad duos terminos, scihcet ad festum Sancte Marie in Marcio 
octodecim denarios, ad festum Sancti Michaehs octodecim 
denarios. Et ut hec mea concessio et confirmacio rata et 
inconcussa permaneat, eam presentis scripti testimonio et 
sigilli mei impressione munivi. 

Hiis testibus : Hugone de Essebroc, Roberto de Pluntun, 
Waltero Fundu, Willelmo de Hurnlee, Roberto de Brace- 
bruge, Willelmo de Insula, Johanne de Blacgrave, Johanne 
filio Ingrit, Godefrei de Kinisbiris, et multis aliis. 

Equestrian seal in white wax ; inscription worn away, 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Hugh de Essebroc to Simon de Blaggreve 
in marriage with the donor's sister of land in Blochkeley 
[? in Kingsbury or Lea Marston, co. Warwick]. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego Hugo de 
Essebroch dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi 
Symoni de Blaggreve cum Felicia, sorore mea, in maritagium" 
triginta acras terre in Blochkeley, cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis, sciHcet illas quas Willelmus, pater predicti Symonis, 
tenuit de me. Preterea dedi eidem Symoni illam croftam cum 
mora, quam Willelmus filius Swein tenuit de me. Habendas et 
tenendas libere et quiete, bene et pacifice de me et heredibus 
meis sibi et heredibus suis, quos de predicta sorore mea 
Felicia habiturus est ; reddendo inde annuatim michi et 
heredibus meis ille et heredes sui octo solidos ad tres terminos, 
scilicet ad festum Sancti Michaelis triginta duos denarios, et 
ad festum Beate Marie in Marcio triginta duos denarios, et 
ad festum Sancti Johannis Baptiste triginta duos denarios, 
pro omnibus servitiis ad me vel ad heredes meos pertinentibus, 
salvo forinseco servitio. Hanc autem donationem et con- 
firmacionem ego et heredes mei warantizabimus predicto 
Simoni et heredibus suis contra omnes homines et omnes 



49 

calumpnias inperpetuum. Et ut hec omnia predicta rata et 
inconcussa permaneant, ea sigilli mei inpressione signavi. 

Hiis testibus : Radulfo filio Radulfi, Johanne de Langedon, 
Adam de Cruddewrthie,^ Roberto fratre ejusdem, Rogero de 
Kotes, Roberto de Clive, et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by John de Bracebruge to Peter son of 
William the Reeve, in free marriage with Agnes, daughter 
of Ralph the Chaplain of Sutton [Coldfield, co. Warwick], 
of land in Holtto [Holt, in Whateley, parish of Kingsbury, 
CO. Warwick]. 

Sciant omnes tam presentes quam futuri, quod ego 
Johannes de Bracebruge dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta 
mea confirmavi Petro filio Willelmi prepositi, in liberum 
maritagium cum Agnete filia Radulfi capellani de Suttone, 
pro homagio et servicio suo, unam virgatam terre in Holtto, 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, illam sciHcet quam Levewinus 
de Holtto ibidem tenuit, et unam acram prati, cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis, in prato de Bradeford, illam videlicet quam 
Rogerus de eodem Holtto tenuit : habendas et tenendas 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis et cum omnibus libertatibus 
in bosco et piano, in viis et semitis, in aquis, et in omnibus 
locis et ad capiendum in bosco meo necessaria ad hushote 
et ad haibote sibi et heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis 
jure hereditario, bene, pacifice, honorifice, et integre, libere 
et quiete in perpetuum ; reddendo inde annuatim duos 
solidos esterlingorum ipsi et heredes eorum in perpetuum 
abbatie et monachis de Miravalle^ ad lumen ecclesie ad duos 
terminos, scilicet ad festum Sancti Michaelis duodecim 
denarios et ad Annunciationem Beate Marie duodecim 
denarios, pro omnibus rebus et demandis, salvo forinseco 
servicio. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus omnia 
prenominata predictis Petro et Agneti et heredibus eorum in 
perpetuum contra omnes homines et omnes calumpnias. 

Hiis testibus : Willelmo de Hardrideshul,^ Roberto filio 
ejus, Radulfo filio Radulfi, Waltero Fundwi, Hugone de 
Essebroc, Roberto de Plumtone, Radulfo capellano, Magistro 
Symone"* de Blacgreve, et multis aliis. 

Equestrian seal in white wax, much worn. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Adam son of Alan de Wesehamtorpe 
to Roger de Frevile, of Welingham [WelHngham, co. Norfolk], 
of land in Weseham [Weasenham, co. Norfolk]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Adam filius Alani de 
Weseham torpe dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmavi Rogero de Frevile^, de Welingham, quatuor acras 

1 Curdworth, near Kingsbury, co. Warwick. 

2 Merevale abbey, co. Warwick. 

2 Hartsliill, parish of Mancetter, co. Warwick. 

^ Symone, repeated in original. 

^ Roger de Frievill brought an assize of novel disseisin in 1225 against 
Earl Warenne concerning a tenement in Wynebodesham [Wimbotsham], co. 
Norfolk {Rot. Liu. Pat., p. TUa). 

M 4 



60 

terre in campis de Weseham : scilicet, ij. acras que jacent 
in Cranedele, inter terram Rogeri filii Mathei et terram 
Ascilie vidue ; et j. acram et dimidiam percatam ad Assies 
Crundel, que jacent inter terram predicte Ascilie et terram 
"Elfnoth ; et iij. percatas et dimidiam percatam super 
Uverneulond, que jacent inter feudum Hamonis Biuirt et 
feudum Rogeri filii Ernive ; illi et heredibus suis, vel 
cuicunque dare vel assingnare voluerit, ad tenendum de me 
et heredibus meis in feudo et hereditate libere et quiete et 
per liberum servicium ; inde reddendo annuatim mihi et 
heredibus meis unum denarium, scilicet ad Pentecosten, et 
ad scutagium Domini Regis quando venerit ad xx. solidos 
unum obolum, et ad plus plus, et ad minus minus, pro 
omnibus serviciis et consuetudinibus et exactionibus. Et 
pro hac autem donatione et concessione et carte mee 
confirmatione, predictus Rogerus devenit affidatus mens et 
dedit mihi xx. solidos in gersum[a]. Et ego predictus Adam 
et heredes mei warantizabimus predict am terram predict© 
Rogero et heredibus suis per predictum servicium contra 
omnes homines. 

Hiis testibus : Radulfo Extraneo ; Matheo de Greinestun ; 
Roberto de Salle ^ ; Roger de (sic) filio Ascilie de Weseham ; 
Rogero filio Ernive ; Alan filio Segrim ; Johanne filio 
Lamberti ; Rogero filio Mathei ; Osberto filio Ade ; Alano 
filio Fulcher ; Hugone filio Main ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1200] — Grant by Malcolm de Harleia [Harley, co. Salop] 
to Robert Malherbe of a messuage in Wonlochia [Much 
Wenlock, co. Salop]. 

Sciant qui sunt et qui futuri sunt, quod ego Malcolmus de 
Harleia, 2 consensu et assensu uxoris mee et omnium heredum 
meorum, dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea cum 
sigillo meo confirmavi Roberto Malherbe, ^ pro homagio et 
servicio suo, masuagium meum in Wonlochia, quod est inter 
domum Edife puelle et murum ab[b]acie, cum pertinentiis et 
libertatibus suis, sibi et heredibus suis, tenendum de me et 
de heredibus meis in feudo et hereditate, libere et quiete 
de omni exactione, in pace et honorifice, pro omni servitio 
annuatim inde reddendo michi et heredibus meis ad festum 
Sancti Michaelis xij. denarios. Ut autem ad banc here- 
ditariam perveniret donationem, jam dictus Robertus dedit 
michi duas marcas argenti. Ego etiam Malcolmus et 
heredes mei warantizabimus predicto Roberto et heredibus 
suis predictum masuagium contra omnes homines et feminas. 
Preterea ego et heredes mei concessimus sepedicto Roberto 

1 Sail, CO. Norfolk. 

^ Malcolm de Harley occurs between 1180 and 1209 (Eyton, Shrop- 
shire, in., p. 294). He was succeeded as lord of Harley by William de Harley, 
^on and heir of Robert Malherve (the Robert Malherbe of this charter) before 

1221, in which year William was vouched to warrant to John son of 

a messuage in Wenlock (probably tlie one conveyed by this charter) that 
had been granted to John by the said Robert (Eyton, vi., p. 233). 

2 See preceding note. 



51 

omnes assias suas in bosco meo de Harleia et heredibus 
suis, scilicet pascuam omnium generum animaliiim suorum, 
et vj. porcos quietos de pannagio. Si autem major fuerit 
numerus, dabit michi pro porcis supra vj. predictis sicut 
ceteri liberi homines mei. Concessimus insuper ligna ei de 
bosco meo quantum indiget ad focum suum. Ut autem hec 
donatio mea rata sit et inconcussa, banc presentis scripti 
et sigilli mei munimine roboravi. 

His testibus : Warino de Burwardesl[eia],^ Willelmo filio 
ejus, Warnerio de Wilileia,^ Rogero de Becgeshowre,^ 
Stephano filio ejus, Hugonis de Lega, Menone de Dudit[ona],* 
Rogero Baret, Waltero de Prestedene, Idnardo Janitore, 
Brutone, et multis aliis. 

Good impression of the equestrian seal of the donor, with the 
inscription : Sigillvm Malcolm[i de Harl]eb. 

[1201, March 2] — ^Charter of King John granting to William 
de Stutevill licence to enclose and fortify his houses at 
Cotyngeham and Buttercram [Cottingham and Butter 
Crambe, co. York]. 

Johannes, Dei gracia, rex Anglpe], dominus Hibernie, dux 
Norm[annie], Aquit[anie], comes Andeg[avie], archiepiscopis, 
episcopis, abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, justiciis, vice- 
comitibus, prepositis, ministris, et omnibus ballivis et 
fidelibus suis, salutem. 

Sciatis, quod nos dedimus et concessimus Willelmo de 
Estuteviir licenciam claudendi et firmandi domos suas de 
Cotyng'ham et de Buttercram, prohibentes ne quis eum super 
hoc disturbet. 

Testibus : Willelmo, comite Sarisbyr', G. filio Petri, 
comite Essex[ie], Hugone Bardulf, Petro de Pratell[is], 
Symone de PateshuU'. 

Dat[a] per manum Symonis archidiaconi Wellensis. Apud 
Eboracum, ij. die Martii, anno regni nostri secundo. 

Fragment of great seal in green wax. 

[Enrolled on Charter Roll, p. 89a, where the former name 
appears as Totyngham.] 

[c. 1220] — Grant by Brian de Insula^ to William Basset of 
1005. yearly from the mill of Duffeld [Duffield, co. Derby], 
doing therefor the sixtieth part of a knight's fee. 

Witnesses: Geoffrey de Nevill, the king's chamberlain,^ John de 

1 Broseley, co. Salop. 

2 Willey, CO. Salop. 

3 Badger, co, Salop. 

4 Dodington (? parish of Cleobury Mortimer, co. Salop). 

5 This grant is referred to by Roger of Hoveden, iv., p. 117, under the 
year 1200. 

6 Brian de Insula, an important official of King John, survived until 
1234 {Close Rolls, p. 512). He was Keeper of Sherwood forest. 

7 Geoffrey de Neville was chamberlain as early as 1207 {Rot. Litteranitn 
Clausarum, i. p. 90a). He is referred to as living on 8 December, 1225 (lb. 
ii. 87b), but as dead on 27 of that month (lb. ii. 90b). See Diet, of Nat. 
Biography, xli. p. 251. 



52 

Nevill,* his son, Master Alexander de Dorset', ^ Robert Lupus, ^, 
Henry de Monte Alto, John de Ken, Raimbald de Montibus, 
Walter (Gulay.tero) de Castellis, Master Roger de Essex', 
John de Essex', William de Gilling', John de Walkingham, 
Richard de Monte Alto, Thomas de Scoteny, Walter de 
Termes, Robert de Bailloil, Geoffrey Pincerna. 

Seal in green wax, tvith inscription and shield bearing a 
canton, a crescent in the sinister chief and another one in base. 

[c. 1210] — Grant by Dionisius, abbot, and the convent of 
Cerne [co. Dorset] to Robert son of Hugh de Blockesworth 
of land, etc., in Blockesworth [Blocksworth, co. Dorset]. 

Omnibus Chris ti fidelibus, ad quos presens scriptum per- 
venerit, Dionisius, Dei gracia, abbas Cernel[ensis],* et ejus- 
dem loci conventus, salutem in Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra, nos unanimi consilio con- 
cessisse et dedisse Roberto filio Hugonis de Blockesworth' 
et heredibus suis, pro homagio et servicio suo, mesuagium 
et curtillagium cum dimidia virgata terre, quam (sic) Sampson 
capellanus tenuit, in villa de Blockesworth', scilicet in uno 
campo octo acras et dimidiam, et in alio campo octo acras : 
habenda et tenenda sibi et heredibus suis jure hereditario, 
cum omnibus pertinenciis suis et libertatibus et liberis 
consuetudinibus, libere et quiete, de nobis et successoribus 
nostris ; reddendo inde annuatim nobis et successoribus 
nostris duos solidos sterlinggorum pro omni servicio et 
exaccione, salvo servicio domini regis, ad quatuor anni 
terminos, scilicet ad Natale Domini sex denarios, ad ter- 
minum Pasche sex denarios, ad festum Sancti Petri ad 
Vincula sex denarios, ad festum Sancti Michaelis sex denarios, 
et conventui ad festum Sancti Nicholai duodecim denarios. 
Et ut hec donacio et concessio rata et inconcussa permaneat, 
sigillorum nostrorum duximus munimine confirmanda. 

Hiis testibus : Andrea de Winterborn', Roberto filio 
Thome, Henrico de Litleton', Waltero de Stok', Thoma fiho 
Thome, Roberto filio Willelmi, Radulfo de Hungerford', Ada 

1 John de Nevill made fine with the king in 1216 and also had a charter 
of faithful service {Rot. de Finihus, p. 571). 

2 Alexander de Dorset was joint-keeper with Brian de Insula in 1205 
of land taken into the king's hands for waste of the forest {Rot. de Finihna, 
p. 317), and was with the king in 1216 {Id., p. 371). He appears as an ex- 
chequer official early in the reign of Henry III. (Madox, Hist, of Exchequer^ 
i, pp. 389, note g, 707, note h, ii, p. 134, note r). He died in or before March, 
1233 {Excerpta e Rotulis Finium, i, p. 239). 

3 Robert Lupus made fine in 1201 for having scutage in co. Notts 
{Rot. de Oblatis, p. 153), and was a surety in 1205 and 1207 {Id., pp. 241, 
401). In 1213 Ralph de Greseley makes fine that he may marry his sister- 
in-law to Robert Lupus {Id., p. 507 ; Pipe Roll, 16 John, ro. 15). 

4 An undated release by Abbot Dionisius and the Convent of Cerne is 
enrolled in 1206 {Rot. Litt. Pat., 646), and the abbot is mentioned in 1207 
{Ro*. Chart., p. 1706). He also occurs in two fines of 6 John {Fines sive 
Pedes Finium, ii., 94). In 1208-9 he answered for the ferm of the two 
hundreds of Modbere and Totecumbo under Somerset and Dorset (Pipe Roll, 
11 John, ro. 9). He resigned before 12 February, 1220 {Monaaticon, ii., 
p. 623). 



63 

le Frere, Hugone Dagun, Roberto Pinc[erna], Henrico clerico, 
Roberto clerico, et multis aliis. 
Seul missing, 

[c. 1210] — Grant by the same to Robert de Blockesworth of 
two acres in Blockesworth in exchange. 

Notum sit omnibus, ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, 
quod ego Dionisius, divina miseracione, abbas de Cern', et 
ejusdem loci conventus dedimus et concessimus, et hac carta 
nostra confirmavimus Roberto de Blockesworth' et heredibus 
suis duas acras de dominico nostro in Blockesworth' simul 
jacentes in cultura, que vocatur ' La Wortha,' in eschambium 
pro una acra jacente juxta Bernardesleg' in parte boriali. 
Et ut hoc perpetue firmitatis robur optineat, huic scripto 
sigilla nostra apposuimus. 

Hiis testibus : Magistro Walter o de Well' ; Roberto filio 
Thome ; Thoma filio Thome ; Radulfo de Hungerford' ; 
Ricardo Pincerna ; Adam Freynell' ; Henrico clerico ; et 
multis aliis. 

Seal missing, 

[c. 1210] — Grant by the same to the same of land in Riston 
[Tarrant Rushton, co. Dorset]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Dion[ysius], abbas 
Cern', et ejusdem loci conventus dedimus et concessimus 
Roberto de Blok[eswurd], pro homagio et servicio suo, duas 
acras prati et unum ham^ in Riston de feodo Agnetis le 
Sauvage : habendas et tenendas sibi et heredibus suis 
imperpetuum libere et quiete ab omni servicio et exactione, 
salvo regali et forinseco ; reddendo inde annuatim Conventui 
Cern' unam Ubram cumini in festo Sancti Michaelis. Et ut 
hec nostra donacio et concessio firma sit et stabilis, earn 
presenti carta et sigillis nostris confirmavimus. 

Hiis testibus : Henrico de Heddon' ; Magistro Alvredo de 
Symon' ; Radulfo de Hunger[ford] ; Ricardo pincerna ; 
Hugone Dagun ; Malgero de Balun ; et aliis multis. 

[c. 1210] — Deed of exchange by Robert Belet, son of William 
Belet, with Ralph Belet, his uncle, of land in Winterborne 
[Winterbome Steepleton, formerly Winterborne Belet, co. 
Dorset^]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Rodbertus Belet, 
filius Willelmi Belet, quoddam feci esscambium Raddulfo 
Belet, advunculo^ meo, de duabus acris prati, que appellantur 
' Leureiacres,' et jacent in orientali parte de Cheterhulbrigge, 
inter pratum regis et La dreve, propter duas acras terre 
excolende, quas Raddulfus Belet, advunculus meus, dedit 
mihi in esscambium predictarum acrarum prati de terra sua 
in Winterborne, illas sciUcet super montem viciniores terre 
prioris de Fromton'* in eadem Winterborn' versus orientem, 

1 A meadow. See New English Dictionary, s.v. ' Ham, 2. ' 

2 See Hutchins, Dorset, iii., p. 337. 

3 Adwnculo, MS. 

* Tlie alien priory of Frampton, co. Dorset, 



54 

et tendentes ex uno capite super terrain Willelmi Lude. Ego 
vero dictus Rodbertus Belet et heredes mei predicto Rad- 
dulfo Belet et heredibus suis predictas acras prati contra 
omnes homines et contra omnes feminas warantizare debemus. 
Propter hoc esscambium dedit mihi sepe dictus R[addulfus], 
advunculus mens, x. solidos sterlingorum . Et in hujus 
esscambii testimonium, sigilli mei corroboracionem presenti 
scripto apposui. 

Hiis testibus : Alwredo de Nichol'^ ; Rogero MarteP ; 
Willelmo de Wodeghete^ ; Therico de Werdesford'* ; Philippo 
Grerman' ; Willelmo Lude ; Nicholao de Ponsot^ ; et multis 
aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1210] — Grant by Godfrey Angevin to Fulk de Ludham of 
land [? in Lowdham, co. Notts]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Godefridus Angevin^ 
dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi Fulconi 
de Ludham,*^ pro homagio suo et servitio, totum illud pratum 
quod jacet in kerra^ juxta pratum canonicorum de Seleford,^ 
quod Simon de Horsepol de me aliquando tenuit : tenendum 
de me et de heredibus meis sibi et heredibus suis libere et 
quiete et hereditarie ; reddendo inde annuatim michi et 
heredibus meis pro omni servitio et exactione et demanda 
duos sohdos, scilicet ad Inventionem Sancte Crucis duo- 
decim denarios et ad festum Sancti Martini duodecim 
denarios. Et ego et heredes mei predictum pratum predicto 
Fulconi et heredibus suis contra omnes homines waran- 
tizabimus. Pro hac donatione mea et concessione dedit 

1 Lincoln. 

2 Geoffrey Martel returned in 1166 that he had given to Roger, his 
brother, a quarter of a knight's fee in Dorset {Red Book, i., p. 217 ; Liber 
Niger, p. 82). 

3 Woodyates, co. Dorset. William de Wudiet, Wodeiate, Wudiahate, 
rendered scutage for one knight's fee under Somerset and Dorset in 1201-2 
(Pipe Rolls, 3 John, ro. 5 ; Red Book, i., p. 154), and made fine in that year to 
have scutage in that county {Rotuli de Oblatis, p. 160). In 1166 Walter de 
Wodiectune, Wodiettune (an erroneous extension of Wodief in the original 
returns ?) held a knight's fee of Alvred de Lincoln in the said county {Red 
Book, i., p. 215 ; Liber Niger, p. 80). 

4 Woodsford, co. Dorset, in which Robert Belet held in 1209-10, 1210- 
11 one knight's fee {Red Book, ii., p. 545). 

5 Robert de Punsholte is returned in 1166 as holding knights' fees in 
Somerset {Red Book, i., p. 234 ; Liber Niger, p. 101). Nicholas de Ponsoud 
(printed Ponsont) and his wife Sibyl confirmed a grant of and to the church 
of Mappowder, co. Dorset (Hutchins, Dorset, iii., p. 729), and Nicholas de 
Ponsout was concerned in a suit relating to land at Mappeldr' [Mappowder] 
in 1220-1 (Pipe Rolls, 5 Hen. III., ro. 5, Somerset and Dorset). Nicholas de 
Punsot (printed Pxmsoc) held lands in Wilts in 1229 {Patent Rolls, 1225- 
1232, p. 303). 

® Renders account for pannage and for scutage in Pipe Roll for Notts 
and Derby in 1213-14, and 1218-19 and 1220-1, 16 John, ro. 16, 3 Henry IIL, 
ro. 8, and 5 Henry III., ro. 5. 

7 Lowdham, co. Notts. 

® ' Car,' a term applied to the low-lying meadows by the Trent. Cf. 
Wright's Dialect Dictionary, ' Car ' sb. 1. The ' Ker ' at Gunthorpe is men- 
tioned in a deed temp. Henry II. in Thoroton, p. 288o, which is possibly 
the same Car as the one mentioned in this deed. 

9 Shelford, co. Notts. 



66 

michi Fulco predictus sex capones in gersumam. Et ut hec 
donatio mea firma permaneat, illam sigilli mei munimine 
roboravi. 

Hiis testibus : Eustachio de Ludham,^ Waltero filio ejus, 
Roberto de Raveningham, Roberto filio sacerdotis, Willelmo 
de Sibethorp,2 Thoma filio Roberti, Hugone de Hulvestorp,^ 
Willelmo fratre ejus, Andrea filio Matillide, Gileberto filio 
Winemer de Gunolvestune,^ et multis aliis. 

Sexil with fleur-de-lys ; inscription illegible. 

[c. 1210] — Confirmation by Nicholas de Derleton to John 
the Chaplain of Ludham of the sale to John made by Alice, 
daughter of Thurstan, of her inheritance [? in Darlton or 
Lowdham, co. Notts] in order to marry Nicholas. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod Nicolaus de Derleton, ^ 
juramento prestito et carte mee compositione cum sigilli mei 
appositione, ratificavi et confirmavi Johanni Capellano de 
Ludham et heredibus suis et suis [assignatis] totam ven- 
dicionem, quam Alicia filia Turstani, ad se mihi marita[n]dam, 
de hereditate sua dicto Johanni fecit, et sub eadem obligacione 
juramenti et carte mee confirmacione ego dictus Nicolaus 
et heredes mei totam venditionem suam de terra, que fuit 
Turstani, patris sui, et Alicie, matris [sue], dicto Johanni et 
heredibus suis et suis assignatis contra omnes homines imper- 
petuum warantizabimus. Et ut hec warantizacio et con- 
firmatio stabilis permaneat, presentem cartam sigilli mei 
appoticione roboravi. 

Hiis testibus : Domino Waltero de Ludham, milite ; 
Johanne filio ejus ; Willelmo de Sybetorp ; Ricardo de 
Kuitona^ ; Willelmo filio Roberti de Ravenigham ; Andrea 
fratre suo ; H[enr]ico de Marcam' ; Roberto filio Martini ; 
Rogero filio Duranni^ ; Roberto Pinzard ; Alano Pisscatore ; 
et aliis. 

Small round seal. 

[1213-14] — Grant by prior R. and the convent of Lenton 
to Alan son of Robert del Wal of land in Sutton [Sutton 
Passeys,^ co. Notts]. 

Universis, ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit, Frater R., 
prior de Lenton, et ejusdem loci conventus, salutem in 
Domino. 

Noverit universitas vestra, nos unanimi assensu et com- 
muni voluntate concessisse et presenti carta nostra con- 
firmasse Alano filio Roberti del Wal' quatuor acras terra 

1 Under-Sheriff of Notts and Derby in 1213-14. See above, pekge 
39, note 1. 

^ Sibthorpe, co. Notts. 

3 Woolsthorpe, parish of Lowdham. See page 3U, note 0, above. 

* Gonalstone, co. Notts. 
B Darlton, co. Notts. 

* For Kniuetona (Kniveton) ? 

7 Markhara, co. Notts. 

8 For Durandi. 

^ A vanished village, mainly within the prssent W'ollafcon Park* 



56 

cum pertinenciis in Sutton', illas scilicet quas Magister 
Radulfus, persona de Lindeby, ei dedit de feodo nostro : 
habendum et tenendum dicto Alano et heredibus suis vel 
suis assignatis et eorum heredibus secundum tenorem carte, 
quam habet de dicto Radulfo. Ut hec autem concessio 
et confirmacio perpetuitatis robur obtineat, presens scriptum 
sigillo nostro et sigillo capituH nostri confirmavimus. 

Hiis testibus : Eustachio de Ludeham, tunc Vicecomite 
Notingham'i ; Rogero Britone, tunc Constabulario^ ; Philippo 
de Stretleg'3 ; Hugone de Stretleg' ; Roberto le Vavasur ; 
Hugone de Stapilford ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1215] — Grant by Roger de Plesele [Pleasley, co. Derby] 
to Elias de Martini* of all his land in Wilhebi [Willoughby-on- 
the-Wolds, CO. Notts]. 

Sciant omnes presentes et futuri, quod ego Roger us de 
Plesele dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmavi 
Helye de Martini, pro humagio suo et servicio, totam 
terram meam de Wilhebi, cum omnibus pertinenciis et liber- 
tatibus eidem terre pertinentibus in eadem villa, scilicet 
duodecim bovatas terre : habendas et tenendas illi et 
heredibus suis in feodo et hereditate de me et heredibus meis 
libere, honorifice et quiete ; reddendo inde annuatim michi 
et heredibus meis unam marcam argenti ad festum Sancti 
Martini pro omni servicio ad me vel ad heredes meos per- 
tinente, salvo forisseco (sic) servicio. Et pro donacione hac 
et confirmacione, dedit michi memoratus Helyas octo marcas 
argenti de gersum. 

Hiis testibus : Philippo Marco, vicecomite, ^ Johanne 
Deincurt, Henrico de Strettona, Roberto Britone, Willelmo 
de Menil, Willelmo Pite, Waltero de Estueit, Eustachio de 
Mortein, Willelmo de Habetot, Willelmo de Strettona, et 
multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1215] — Grant by Adam de Molesworth to Sir Richard 
de Bello Campo of a messuage in Stapelho [Stapelhoe, parish 
of Eaton Socon, co. Bedford]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod Ada de Molesworth con- 
cessi et quietum clamavi Domino Ricardo de Bello Campo 
mesagium illud cum crofto, quod Domina Cecilia tenuit in 
Stapelho : tenendum et habendum sibi, vel cui assignare 

1 Eustace de Ludeham (see page 39, note 1, above) was acting Sheriff 
under PhiHp Marc in 1213-14 (Ifi Jolin). 

2 Evidently deputy-Constable of Nottingham castle. Philip Marc, 
the sheriff, was then constable. 

3 Phihp de Stradleg' was granted 49s. from the mills of Burg', under 
COS. Notts and Derby in 1196-7 (Pipe Roll, 9 Richard I., ro. 10). 

* Elias de Marteny made fine in 1204 to have seisin of his lands in 
Wilts and Notts of which he had been disseised by reason of [the war in] 
Normandy {Rotuli de Finihua, p. 204). He was amerced in 1219-20 (Pipe 
Roll, 4 Henry III., ro. 11, Notts and Derby). 

6 Philip Marc was Sheriff of Nottingham and Derby from 1209-10 to 
1223-4. 



57 

voluerit, libere et quiete inperpetuum. Pro hac autem 
quieta clamancia dedit mihi predictus Ricardus xv. solidos 
sterlingorum. Et ut hec quieta clamancia rata sit et stabilis, 
presens scriptum sigilli mei apposicione co[r]oboravi. 

Hiis testibus : Willelmo de Chauton' ; Galfrido de 
Newenton ; Roberto Hardi ; Henrico Pigun ; Ricardo filio 
Persone ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing, 

[c. 1215] — Grant by Geoffrey son of John de Levedale to 
William son of Stephen de Levedale of land in Levedale 
[Levedale, parish of Penkridge, co. Stafford]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Galfridus filius 
Johannis de Levedale dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta 
mea confirmavi Willelmo filio Stephani de Levedale et 
heredibus suis, vel cui assignare voluerit, pro homagio et 
servicio suo, sex acras terre et unum pratum in Levedale ; 
videlicet, unam acram terre ad Brademor, et unam dimidiam 
acram terre super Walisingfordesforlang, et unam dimidiam 
[acram] terre super Cleyhul apud Mutton^, et unam dimidiam 
acram terre super Cleyhul apud Preston^, et unam dimidiam 
acram terre, que extendit en Westem(er), et unam dimidiam 
acram ter[r]e super le Sutthedis, et unam dimidiam acram 
terre super Adelaweforlange, et unam dimidiam acram terre 
super Ruecrofte, et unum phither^ juxta Adelawehet, et unum 
phither super Croeneste, et unam dimidiam acram terre 
super Holmum, et unam dimidiam acram terre super le 
Burie, et unam acram terre dimidiam super le Wideforlang, 
et unam dimidiam waram prati juxta le He* : tenendas et 
habendas libere, integre, quiete et honorifice in omnibus 
libertatibus et communi[bu]s aisiamentis predicte terre per- 
tinentibus ; reddendo inde annuatim predicto Galfrido et 
heredibus suis tres denarios ad duos terminos ad festum 
Sancti Michaelis iii. ob., ad festum Beate Marie in Marcio 
iii. ob., pro omni servicio et demanda, salvo forinseco 
servicio. Pro hac autem donatione habenda dedit predictus 
Willelmus predicto Galfrido xi. solidos argenti ad ingressum. 
Et predictus Galfridus et heredes sui warentizabunt pre- 
dictam donationem predicto Willelmo et cui assignare voluerit 
contra omnes homines et feminas. 

Hiis testibus : Hugone in Cimiterio ; Roberto filio 
Hugonis ; Roberto filio Matild[e] ; Ricardo filio Ricardi ; 
Henrico persona ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1220] — Grant from Laurence, ^ prior of Selford [Shelford, 
CO. Notts], and the convent of the same to Geoffrey, the 

1 Mitton, parish of Penkridge. 

2 Preston, parish of Penkridge. 

3 A green-balk between the ridges of a ploughed field, marking a 
division in the open field, or a small ' land ' (selion) in the field. Cf. English 
Dialect Dictionary, s. vv. 'Feather, 10', Fither. ' 

* Probably for e, ' stream ' (AS. ea). 

5 An addition to the list of priors in the Monasttcon, 



68 

stepson of Helias the Clerk, of the toft that Wlvric Horn 
held in Selford, and of two acres of arable land in the 
ierritorium of the same, to wit half an acre between the 
street (strata) and the path near the land of Roger the miller ; 
a ' land ' [sellionern] upon Eadmundewong, the one, to wit, that 
the priory had of the gift of Geoffrey ad Stanbrigg' ; two 
roods in Pesecroft, one between the land of William the 
prior's brother and the land of Gilbert Fax, and the other 
near the land of Ralph the cook ; a rood at Stancrossegate 
on the upper side ; a rood on Prestinghill' near the land of 
the said William the prior's brother ; a rood upon Foxinghill' 
near the land of Robert son of the Lady (Domine) ; ren- 
dering therefor 35. yearly. 

Witnesses : Roger de Salicosa Mara^ ; Ralph de Cressi ; 
Robert Vavassor ; Robert, son of the Lady ; William the 
prior's brother ; Robert son of Geoffrey. 

Seal missing, 

[c. 1225] — Grant by William de Claville to Henry, son and 
heir of Robert de Blockeswurth, in marriage with Amice, 
his daughter, of bondmen and their holdings [? in Blox- 
worth, CO. Dorset]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Willelmus de 
Claviir, assensu et voluntate Cecilie, uxoris mee, dedi et 
concessi Henrico, filio et heredi Roberti de Blockeswurth', 
in liberum maritagium cum Amicia, filia mea, subscripta 
tenementa, cum hominibus et eorum serviciis ; scilicet 
terram, quam Eustachius de la Welle tenuit, cum pertinenciis, 
et eundem Eustachium cum sequela sua ; et terram cum 
pertinenciis, quam Adam Fruillard tenuit, et eundem Adam 
cum sequela sua ; et terram cum pertinenciis, quam Ricardus 
Beorn tenuit, et eundem Ricardum cum sequela sua ; et 
terram cum pertinenciis, quam Ricardus Spure tenuit ; et 
terram cum pertinenciis, quam Henricus de Syreford tenuit, 
et eundem Henricum cum sequela sua ; et terram cum 
pertinenciis, quam Robertus de Syreford tenuit, et eundem 
Robertum cum sequela sua ; et terram, quam Walterus Berte 
tenuit cum pertinenciis, et eundem Walterum, sal vis michi 
et heredibus meis quinque filiis ejusdem Walteri, scilicet 
Hugone, Alexandro, Willelmo White, Petro, Ricardo ; et 
servicia Rogeri L'Enveysie et Ade Northovere, et quicquid 
juris in eis et eorum tenementis habui, vel habere potui ; 
et duodecim acras terre cum pertinenciis in Cheldelegh', quas 
Henricus Preke tenuit ; et terram, que fuit Willelmi Tut- 
sainz cum pertinenciis ; et Willelmum Bacheler cum sequela 
sua ; habenda et tenenda eidem Henrico et heredibus suis, 
qui ex predicta Amicia fuerint procreati, libere, quiete et 
hereditarie, salvo servicio regali quantum ad predictam 
terram pertinet. Et si forte contigerit, quod dicta 

1 Roger de Saucusemar (Sausseuzemare-en-Caux, Normandy, canton 
of Godervillo, arrond. of Havre, dep. of the Seine -Inf^rieiire) witnesses an 
undated deed of about this date cited in Thoroton, Notts, p. 946. 



59 

Amicia sine herede decesserit — quod Deus avertat ! — omnia 
predicta tenementa cum hominibus et pertinenciis lid me vel 
ad heredes meos revertentur. Et ut hec mea donacio rata 
et stabilis permaneat, eam presenti scripto et sigilli mei 
apposicione confirmavi. 

Hiis testibus : Domino Ricardo, abbate de Cern' ; Henrico 
de Stokes ; Waltero de Winterborn' ; Roberto de Clavill' ; 
Waltero de la Fordlane ; Rogero de la Mora ; Roberto de 
Mordon et Mathia de Winterborn', capellanis ; Willelmo, 
persona de Cereberge^ ; Philippo de Clavill' ; Petro de Win- 
born' ; et multis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1225 ?] — Grant by Aucherius, son of William son of 
Frone de Boneye,^ to God and the hospital of St. Anthony 
at Lenton', in frankalmoin, of three roods of meadow in 
the territory of Boneye, lying in a meadow called " Longe- 
dicdole " between a meadow that belonged to William Cholle 
and a meadow that belonged to Hugh son of William, with a 
turbary adjoining, " tenendas et habendas adeo libere, quiete, 
et solute sicut aliqua elemosina liberius, quiecius et solucius 
potest dari." 

Witnesses : Sir Peter de Stanford, Sampson de Leyc, John 
de Leyc, Robert de Rempeston,^ Martin de Boneye, Thomas 
son of Fabian, Nicholas le Hay ward, William son of Lifolf. 

Seal in white wax, with a fleur-de-lys. Inscription much 
worn. 

[c. 1225 ?]— 4 Grant by William ' filius Dreu de Harum'^ 
to the convent of Wattona of 14 bovates of land that they 
have of his fee in Briddesal' [Birdsall, co. York]. 

Witnesses : John son of Sir Gilebert de Briddesal' ; Walter 
Wacelyn ; Richard de Bernevile ; Thomas Wacelyn ; 
Thomas the chaplain of Hahwrd ; William Wacelyn ; 
William de Bergtorpe^ ; Richard son of Alice de Briddesal' ; 
William de Boketona' ; John de Maltona ; Ralph the Clerk. 

Seal in red wax with a running hare with floriated back 
ground. Inscription : + S' Will'i de Harvm. 

[c. 1225 ?J— Grant by Basilia, daughter of Simon Albus of 
Len' [Lynn co. of Norfolk] to Eudo son of Adam de Len'of her 
rent from the land and buildings in Len' in Wyngate, lyin 
between the land that belonged to Peter son of Swethman an 

1 Charborough, now merged in the parish of Morden, co. Dorset. 

2 Bunney, co. Notts. 

3 Rempston. co. Notts. 

* This deed is in the chest of Birdsall evidences (see above, page 2, 
note 8). 

5 Harome, co. York. There are several men bearing the name of 
Drogo (Drew) de Hairum in the Rievaulx Chartulary in the twelfth and 
thirteenth centuries. One of them held a knight's fee in Yorkshire in 1166 
imder Everard de Ros {Red Book, i., p. 432 ; Liber Niger, p. 324). William 
de Harum is mentioned in the Testa de Nevill, p. 364. 

* Barthorpe, parish of East Acklam, co. York. 
7 Bocton, CO. York. 



60 

the land that belonged to Herbert de Bynetre, in breadth and 
length from the said street to " magna ripa." 

Witnesses : Bartholomew de Belvaco, then mayor of Len', 
Hugh Lambert, Deodatus de Wyngate, Thomas the Young 
(Juvene), Geoffrey, his son, John Lemerlay, John de Bedeford, 
Gilbert Vernun, Richard Lambert, Reginald Lupus. 

There are two other deeds relating to this land. 

[c. 1225] — Grant by Robert de Mainil to Walter de Turgilisbi 
[Thirkleby, East Riding of co. York] of land in vSwavetorp 
[Swaythorpe, parish of Kilham, co. York]. 

Omnibus visuris vel audituris cartam istam, Robertus de 
Mainil,^ salutem. 

Noveritis me concessisse, dedisse et hac presenti carta mea 
confirmasse Waltero de Turgilisbi, 2 filio Thome de TurgeHsbi, 
et heredibus suis, vel cui assignare voluerit, pro homagio et 
servicio suo, duas carucatas terre in Swavetorp, cum toftis 
et croftis, et cum omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus et 
aisiamentis suis, infra villam et extra, sine ullo retenemento, 
illas, videlicet, quas Walterus filius Walteri de Torp mihi 
dedit et carta sua confirmavit pro homagio et servicio meo : 
tenendas et habendas de me et [heredibus] meis illi et suis, 
ita libere et quiete ab omni servicio seculari et exactione sicut 
ego predictam terram tenui, videlicet, faciendo tantummodo 
forinsecum servicium quantum pertinet ad duas carucatas 
terre, unde quindecim carucate terre faciunt feudum unius 
militis. Et ego et heredes mei warantizabimus predicto 
Waltero et heredibus suis, vel assignatis ejus, predictam 
terram cum pertinentiis contra omnes homines in per- 
petuum. 

Hiis testibus : R. prior[e] de Kyrkeham^ ; Radulfo de 

1 This can hardly be the Robert de Mesnill (Maisnill, Mednill, etc.) 
who occurs in 1201 (see the note in tlie Guisbrough Chartulary, Surtees 
Soc, ii., p. 79), a tenant of the archbishop of Canterbury, to whom the ward- 
ship of his lands and heirs was granted in 1217 {Rotuli Chartarum, p. 1736 ; 
Rot. Liu. Claus., i., pp. 77. 936). His son was still a minor in 1219 (Memo- 
randa Roll, 3 Henry II., cited in Guisbrough Chartulary, Surtees Soc, ii., 
p. 80 note ; cf. Rot. Litt. Claus., i., p. 389a). Another Robert de Mesnill 
returned to the king's allegiance in 1217, and had restitution of his lands 
(Rot. Litt. Claus., i., p. 301a, b) by order to the sheriff of York [Ibid., p. 3756). 
He was probably the Robert de Mesnill who owned the castle of Huervelton 
[Whorlton-in-Craven, co. York], which was ordered to be delivered to Hugh 
de Balliol in 1216 {Rot. Litt. Pat., p. 1646). Robert de Maynill witnessed 
a deed in 1227 (Register of Abp. Gray, Surtees Soc, p. 225, note f)- In 1228 
an assize of novel disseisin was brought against Robert de Mesnyl concern- 
ing a tenement in Heninton [co. York ?] (Patent Rolls 1225-1232, p. 280). 
He was outlawed in 1229 in co. York with other men for killing a man (Close 
Rolls 1227-1231, p. 207). His lands in co. Derby were handed over to 
Matthew de Havereseche [Hathersage], the cliief lord, in 1230 (Ibid., p. 416), 
who was a kinsman of an Isabel de Mednill (Excerpta e Rot. Finium, i., p 
176). In 1230 Robert de Mednill had letters of protection because he was 
going in the king's service to parts beyond the sea (Patent Rolls 1225-1232, 
p. 361). Robert de Menil, son of John de Menil of East Rounton, co. York, 
was a party to a fine levied in 1257 (Guisborough Chartulary, ii., p. 68). 

2 Cf. Whitby Chartulary, Surtees Soc, pp. 205, 228. 

p Not mentioned in the list of priors in the Monasticon, vi., p. 207. 
A prior Richard is mentioned, without any indication of date, in the Rievaulx 
Chartulary, pp. 238, 299, 404. 



61 

Fribi^ ; Thoma de Lutton'^ ; Thoma de Heselertun^ ; 
Alano Bonifaz ; Galefrido clerico Gartone* ; Gerardo de 
Turgelesbi ; Roberto Burser ; Walter© de Wartria^ ; Johanna 
de Risses^ ; et aliis. 

1231. — Agreement between abbot Richard, and the convent 
of Cerne and Robert de Blockeswrd' concerning rights of 
common, etc., in Blockeswrd [Bloxworth, co. Dorset]. 

Anno ab Incarnacione Domini M^CC°XXXI° facta fuit 
hec conventio inter Ricardum, abbatem de Cern', et ejusdem 
loci conventum, ex una parte, et Robertum de Blockeswrd', 
ex altera parte, super variis querelis inter eos motis, videlicet, 
quod predicti abbas et conventus concesserunt dicto Roberto 
et heredibus suis imperpetuum racionabile estuverium suum 
sine wasto in Goare^ et Beorhtlea, per visum servientis vel 
prepositi de Block[eswrd'] abbatis, ita quod si neuter eorura 
vocatus adesse voluerit, predictus Robertus capiet racionabile 
estuverium suum sine wasto, et habebit communam pasture 
et drovam^ in bosco de Waterlea cum abbate per totum 
annum, et nichil aliud ibi habebit. Et postquam fenum 
abbatis remotum fuerit a pratis de Blockeswrd', habebit 
communam in illis, et ante si abbas sua averia ibi posuerit. 
Similiter in stipula postquam bladum asportatum fuerit. Et 
habebit chiminum versus MarecnoUe ad sarclandum et 
metendum et videndum bladum suum. Et predicti abbas 
et conventus remiserunt et quietum clamaverunt omne 
cariagium et scutagium dicto Roberto et heredibus suis 
Remiserunt etiam omnem calumpniam factam de assarto 
juxta Waterlea versus austrum, et de particulis acrarum in 
campo, et de muro et porta et domibus suis, et placea clausa 
ad austrum domus sue, salvo abbati et suis chimino soli to. 
Et tenentes Roberti in villa de Blockeswrd' habebunt com- 
munam pasture cum hominibus abbatis. Et quando abbas 
accipit pannagium et herbagitim de hominibus suis, 
Robertus et heredes sui accipient de suis. Et dictus 
Robertus remisit et quietam clamavit, pro se et heredibus 
suis, dictis abbati et conventui totam terram Bruere, quam 
dicti abbas et conventus recuperaverunt super Robertum de 
Portun', salva Roberto et heredibus suis communa in eadem 
Bruera in turbis et bruera et pastura. Et pro hac remissione 
et quieta clamancia dicti abbas et conventus dederunt 
dicto Roberto viginti et quinque solidos. Et dictus Robertus 
reddidit dictis abbati et conventui cartam, quam habuit de 
illis de eadem bruera. Remisit etiam predictus Robertus, 

1 Firby, co. York (East Riding). 

2 Lutton, parish of Weaverthorpe, co. York (East Riding). 

3 Heslerton, co. York (East Riding). 

* Garton-on-the-Wolda, co. York (East Riding). 

^ Warter, co. York (East Riding). Walter de Wartre witnesses a 
charter in 1232 (Whitby Chartiilary, Surtees Soc, p. 141, note 7). 

6 Rise, CO. York (East Riding). 

7 Gore Fields and Heath, parish of Morden. 

8 The right of driving cattle. 



6^ 

pro se et heredibus suis, dictis abbati et conventui totum 
jus quod habuit, vel habere potuit, in placea ubi Lhoge* site 
erant tempore gwerre, quas antecessores dicti Roberti 
levaverunt, et assartum de Bernardeslea. Et ut hec pre- 
dicta rata sint et firma, abbas et conventus apposuemnt sigilla 
sua parti cyrographi remanenti dictis Roberto et heredibus 
suis ; et dictus Robertus apposuit sigillum suum parti cyro- 
graphi remanenti dictis abbati et conventui. 

Hiis testibus : Alvredo de Nichol' ; Henrico fiHo Nicholai, 
tunc Constabulario de Corf ; Jordano Oliver' ; Willelmo de 
Wudiete ; Thoma le Brutun' ; Galfrido de Nich[ol'] ; 
Roberto de la Stana ; Waltero de Winterburn' ; et multis 
aliis. 

Seal missing. 

[c. 1240] — Grant from William son of Osbert the Red 
{Ruff us), of Notingham to Ralph son of Sewall'^ of Not- 
tingham, of a piece of land in the French Borough (in Burgo 
Gallico) of Notingham, lying between le Bereworde Gate and 
the messuage that the donor sold to Walter de Radeclive, 
his brother in law (sororius), which land measures in 
breadth in front towards the great street (strata) 20 feet, 
and the end measures 16 feet in breadth, and containing in 
length from the great street on (versus) the market as far as 
to the house that the donor sold to Amiot the Jew^ ; ren- 
dering therefore 3c?. yearly to the king at the terms of the 
king's ferm. 

Witnesses : Robert Bugge and A[u]gustin son of Goffe, 
then Reeves (Prepositi) of the French Borough of Not- 
tingham ; Ralph Bugge ; Ralph* and Richard,* his sons ; 
A[u]gustin Godard ; Walter Bonde ; Henry le Arch[er] ; 
Henry le Waite ; William Botild ; Thomas de Willeford. 

Small red seal. 

[c. 1240] — Confirmation by Ivo son of Ivo le Bretun to 
Ralph Bugge, of Nottingham, and Margery, his wife, of six 
bovates of land in Wilweby, together with the grantee's chief 
messuage, and a rent of Qd. from two bovates of land ; 
rendering therefor 45. Qd. yearly for all service, etc. 

Witnesses : Sir Amaury (Amarico) de Nuers, Sir Richard 
de Wiverton, Hugh de Rempiston, Robert de Rutinton, 

1 ' Lodges,' encampment. 

2 See Records of the Borough of Nottingham, i, p. 364. 

8 Amiot ben David, a Jew of Nottingham, made a general release to 
a de Normanville of all claims up to 15 Henry III. (1230-1), and, as Amiot 
ben David Lumbard of Nottingham, released Thomas Brien of RadclifTe- 
on-Soar [co. Notts] from all claims up to Midsummer, 12.55 [Shetaroth, Hebrew 
Deeds of English Jews, ed. M. D. Davis, London, 1888, Publications of the 
Anglo-Jewish Historical Exhibition, no. 96, p. 221, no. Ill, p. 239). In 
1242-3 as Amiot son of David the Jew of Nottingham he made fine in 200 
marks to have quittance of his father's debts to the king and to have his 
father's lands, pledges and chattels {Excerpta e Rotulis Finium, i, p. 380 ; 
Pipe Roll, 27 Henry III , Notts and Derby). 

^ ^iM Calendar of Patent Rolls ] 247-1268, pp. 23, 186, 411. 



63 

William Poyne, Richard Pite, Gerbod de Crouill, Stephen de 
Brocton', Geoffrey Jurdon, Geoffrey Bugge. 

Green seal with eagle displayed, and the inscription : 
4- Sigill' Iwonis le B[ret]vn. 

[c. 1240?]— Grant by Sibyl de Bello Campo, late the wife of 
Henry Puterel, of Thurmunston [Thrumpton, co. Notts], to 
Henry de Matloc, of a bondman in Beston [Beeston, co. Notts]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Sibilla de Bello 
Campo, quondam uxor Henrici Puterel de Thurmunstun, ex 
consensu et bona voluntate filii mei Henrici Puterel de 
Bestun, vendidi et quietum clamavi et hac presenti carta 
mea confirmavi Henrico de Matloc Johannem filium Roberti 
in Angulo de Bestun, quondam nativum meum, et catalla 
sua, cum tota sequela sua, et jus et clamium, quod in eo et in 
catallis suis cum tota sequela sua habui vel habere potui : 
tenendum et habendum dictum Johannem et tota catalla 
sua cum tota sequela sua, absque ulla calumnia, dicto 
Henrico et heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis quiete 
in perpetuum, it a quod predictus Johannes cum omnibus 
catallis suis et cum tota sequela liber sit apud me et apud 
omnes alios homines amodo in perpetuum. Ego vero Sibilla 
predicta de Bello Campo et filius mens Henricus et heredes 
nostri quietam clamanciam corporis predicti Johannis et 
sequele sue dicto Henrico et heredibus suis contra omnes 
homines et feminas warantizabimus in perpetuum. Pro hac 
autem vendicione et quieta clamacione et presentis carte mee 
confirmacione, dedit michi predictus Henricus unam dimidiam 
marcam. Ut hec autem vendicio et quieta clamacio et 
presentis carte confirmacio rate et stabiles permaneant, huic 
scripto inpressionem sigilli mei una cum inpressione sigilli 
filii mei Henrici feci ap[p]onere (sic) in testimonium. 

Hiis testibus : Galfrido le (sic) Vildebef ^ de Chilvellia^, Roberto 
Aucupe de Hadinbur^, Willelmo de Mamecestre, Radulfo filio 
Silvestri de Bestun, Gervasio fratre ejus, Rogero clerico de 
Bestun, Roberto de Stretleyhe*, Hugone Chinee de Bestun, 
et multis aliis. 

Green seal, ivith figure of a woman in a long cloak hearing 
a hawk on her right wrist, inscribed : Sigill' Sibille de 
Bello Campo. The other seal is smaller, and has the device 
of a fleur-de-lys and the inscription : S' Henrici Pvterel. 

[c. 1250 ?] — Confirmation by Robert de Ros, son and heir 
of Sir William de Ros, to the convent of Watt on' of 12 
bovates of land [i.e., a carucate and a half]^ in Bridesale 
[Birdsall, co. York]. 

Witnesses : Sir Alexander de Kirketon, knt. ; Sir Thomas 
de Heselerton, knt. ; Sir Geoffrey Agilun, knt. ; Geoffrey 

1 Cf. Testa de Nevill, p. 13b ; Thornton. Nott^. p. 95a. 

2 Chilwell, CO. Notts. 

3 Attenborough, co. Notts. 
* Strelley, co. Notts. 

& See the charters at pp. 1, 3 above. 



64 

de Holbech ; Peter de Santon ; Richard de Bernevile ; John 
de London' ; Adam Daniel ; William Arnald, of Hoton.^ 

[c. 1250] — Release by Henry son of Henry Puterel of 
Thurmunton [Thrumpton, co. Notts] to Roger son of Ralph 
de Beston, of " Johannem fi]ium Roberti de Beston cum tota 
sequela sua et cum omnibus catallis suis liberum hominem 
solutum et quietum ab omni naivagio servitutis in perpetuum, 
ita quod nee ego nee lieredes mei nee ullus per nos nee pro 
nobis in predicto Johanne nee in sequela sua nee in cattallis 
suis de cetero vendicare nee exigere poterimus, non obstante 
legis vel regis remedio." For this demission and release Roger 
has paid him 285. beforehand. Henry and his heirs shall 
warrant John with all his offspring and chattels to Roger [as] 
a free man and quit of all bondage service. 

Witnesses : Geoffrey de Wildebef , Robert le Osilyur, William 
de Mamecestre, Ranulph son of Achard, Gervase son of 
Selvester, Robert his brother, and others. 

Seal missing, 

[c. 1250 ?] — Grant by brother Hugh, prior of Lenton, and the 
convent of the same, to Serlo their cook, son of Richard the 
Cook, of the toft that belonged to Alice de Bilburg in their 
town of Lenton, for 2^. of yearly ferm ; and two acres of 
land between Laverkedale^ and Athelwelle,^ which his father 
held, with 1| acres of meadow amongst the meadows of their 
men of Lenton, for 26cZ. of yearly ferm ; and three acres 
that Laurence de Athelwelle held for 25. of yearly ferm ; to 
be rendered with the aforesaid ferms at Martinmas. 

Witnesses : Robert de Kirketon, Alan the gatekeeper, 
Geoffrey son of William, Robert son of Herbert, Ralph 
Fuket. 

[c. 1250] — Grant by Alan* son of Robert Passeys of 
Suttone, with the assent of Alice, his wife, to Master Philip 
de Norhamptone, vicar of St. Mary's, Notingham, of 5 acres 
and a rood of land in the field of Sutton Passeys (including 
land on Nethergosdic abutting upon " le havedlond Moke 
vidue " and land between Hugh de Stapilford " et Moke 
viduam "). Four out the five separate acres adjoin lands of 
Richard Becok. 

Witnesses : Sir Roger, vicar of Baseford ; Sir Hugh, vicar 
of Lenton ; Sir Hugh de Stapilford ; Master Henry de 
Karleton ; William Maynard of Notingham ; Ralph le Bere, 
Adam le Paumer, Richard Bekoc, and John le Paumer, of 
the same. 

Seal in white wax, hearing a fleur-de-lys. 

1 Hutton [High or Low ?], co. York. 

2 Larkdale, in Nottingham. See Records of the Borough of Notting- 
ham, iii, p. 473. 

3 The name of a spring in Nottingham. See Records of the Borough 
of Nottingham, i, p. 427. 

■» Cf. Ttata de Nevill, p. 16a. 



65 

[c. 1250] — Grant by Walter, prior of Worksop, and the 
convent, to Richard Bugge of the right to have a free 
chantry in his chapel within his court at Wylgeby [Wil- 
loughby-on-the- Wolds, co, Notts]. 

Omnibus Christi fideUbus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris 
f rater Walterus, prior de Wyrkesop', et ejusdem loci con- 
ventus, salutem in Domino sempiternam. Noverit univer- 
sitas vestra nos concessisse Ricardo Bugge de Notingham' et 
heredibus suis, quod possint habere hbere cantariam in 
capella sua sita in curia sua de Wylgeby imperpatuum, ita 
quod capellani ibidem residentes, priusquam in capella 
celebrent divina, ad matricem ecclesiam personaliter accedant, 
et ibi corporale prestent^ sacramentum, quod libertates 
matricis ecclesie pro viribus suis observabunt, eamque in 
omnibus conservabunt indempnem. Si contingat processu 
temporis ecclesiam de Wylgaby in proprios nostros usus 
converti, nolumus per istam concessionem nobis parari pre- 
judicium quo minus ^ dictam capellam possimus suspendere, 
si nobis viderimus expedire. Incujus rei testimonium presenti 
scripto sigillum capituli nostri apposuimus. 

Seal missing, 

[c. 1250] — Grant from Baldwin de Frevile, with the con- 
sent of Maud, his wife, and of Alexander, his son and heir, 
to Robert son of Walter le Bufle of Worcester of all the 
lands that the said Baldwin had of him on the eastern side of 
the Severn in the city of Worcester or without ; to wit, all the 
field called ' Bernesleye,' and all the land called ' Sparu- 
croft,' and all the field called ' Berefeld,' and an acre called 
* Collingesacre,' and all the meadow called ' The French 
Meadow ' (Pratum Franciscum) ; and all rents, etc., within 
or without the city ; rendering therefore yearly a garland 
of fennel {unam garlondam feniculi.) 

Witnesses : William Roculf and Adam son of Peter, then 
Reeves of Worcester ; Dom. Peter Colle ; Richard Cumin ; 
Richard son of Adam the Steward ; William the French- 
man ; WilHam Pet. 

1256, June 14. — Grant by Matthew, vicar of St. John's 
[in Bedwardine County, in the city of] Worcester, to Maud de 
Frivilla, late the wife of Sir B[aldwin] de Frivilla, of per- 
mission to have a chantry in her chapel of Crowenest [Crown- 
east, parish of St. John in Bedwardine County]. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod, anno Domini millesimo 
ducentesimo 1^ sexto, die Mercurii^ proxima post festum 
Sancti Barnabe Apostoli, ego perpetuus vicarius ecclesie 
Sancti Johannis Wygorniensis Matheus concessi et permisi 
Domine Matildi de Frivilla, quondam uxor[i] Domini B. de 
Frivilla, quod possit habere cantariam in capella sua de 

1 prestant, MS. 

2 cominus, MS. 

3 Mercurri, MS. 

M5 



Crowenest per ydoneum capellanum quando ipsa Matild[is] 
ibidem fuerit, salvis in omnibus jure et dignitate Domini 
episcopi et prioris et conventus Wygorniensis et jure paro- 
chiali in omnibus et per omnia ecclesie Sancti Johannis, sine 
omni subtractione^ et diminucione predialium vel personalium 
decimarum quocunque jure vel consuetudine ecclesiam 
parochialem contingencium^ ; ita quod, antequam capellanus 
ibidem ministret, presentabitur officiali Domini episcopi, et 
cum ab ipso admissus fuerit, faciet fidelitatem mihi de omni- 
moda indempnitate Vicar[ii] Sancti Johannis, jurando quod 
sibi nichil retinebit, nee sciet ab aliquo retineri, de aliquo 
jure parochiali nee de oblacionibus aut proventibus ibidem 
factis, aut faciendis, quin illud mihi revelet, et totum pro 
posse restituet vel restitui faciat. Et cum ibi fuerit dicta 
M[atildis] et ejus familia confessiones et omnia sacramenta 
ecclesiastica per me vel per meos capellanos recipiant,^ nisi 
per me fuerint licenciati quod ab alio predicta possit per- 
cipere sacramenta. NuUus autem parochianus Sancti Johannis 
audiet ibi divina in festis diebus preter Dominam M[atildem] 
et liberam familiam suam et hospites ejus. Ceteri autem 
accedanf* ad suam matricem ecclesiam Sancti Johannis ad 
omnia sacramenta voluntaria et necessaria recipienda et 
oblationes debitas et consuetas faciendas. Tenetur autem 
dicta M[atildis] invenire suis sumptibus omnia necessaria ad 
ministrandum in predicta capella. Post decessum vero 
dicte M[atildis] dicta cantaria in predicta capella penitus sus- 
pendatur ; ita quod heredes ejusdem M[atildis] vel successores 
sui ex hac concessione ad possessorium vel petitorium non 
habent jus vel accionem, nisi de voluntate mea vel mei 
successoris et etiam diocesani plenius reformetur. Tenetur 
autem dicta M[atildis] ac ejus familia ad generales predicationes 
in ecclesia Sancti Johannis faciendas venire, nisi fuerint aliqua 
racionabili causa prepediti. Providebit autem dicta M[atildis], 
quod nichil indecens vel inhonestum in dicta capella aliquo 
tempore reponatur ; ita quod clavis ejusdem capelle in cus- 
todia mei vel successoris mei, qui pro tempore fuerit, dum- 
modo ipsa absens fuerit, remaneat. Quod si predicta M[atildis] 
vel capellanus suus vel aliquis nomine suo temere venerit 
contra prescriptam formam et hoc coram episcopo vel ejus 
officiali eciam sine stepitu fuerit ostensum, vult et concedit 
dicta Matild[is], quod cantaria in dicta capella necnon et capel- 
lanus suus, qui pro tempore fuerit, suspendatur, donee mihi 
vel successori meo satisfactum fuerit competenter. Super 
his autem omnibus et singulis fideliter observandis, predicta 
Matild[is], pro se et pro capellanis suis in predicta capella minis- 
traturis et pro aliis de familia sua, jurisdictioni mee et suc- 
cessoris mei et vicarii Sancti Helene se sponte supposuit, omni 
appellacione et contradicione remotis. Et ad majorem hujus 
rei securitatem, prefatus ego Matheus, perpetuus vicarius 
Sancti Johannis, huic instrumento de sciencia venerabilis 

1 Biibtraxione, MS. 3 recipient, MS. 

2 contingenaium, MS, * accedent, MS. 



67 

patris W. de Cantelup', Wigorniensis episcopi, signum meum 
apposui. Actum anno Domini M'^CC°L'^VI*°, apud Wigorniam. 

1257, April 17. — Deed of A. the prior and the convent of 
Stodleg [Studley, co. Warwick] binding themselves to admit 
at the presentation of Sir Peter de Monte Forti and his heirs 
a person as canon of their house to celebrate for the souls 
of Sir Peter and his heirs for ever. 

Universis Christi fidelibus Frater A., prior de Stodleg', 
et ejusdem loci conventus salutem in Domino. 

Noveritis nos, de voluntate et assensu venerabilis patris 
W. de Cantilup', Wygorniensis episcopi, promisisse fideliter 
et teneri nobili viro Domino Petro de Monte Forti, et 
heredibus suis, quod ad presentacionem ipsius Domini 
Petri et heredum suorum successive admittemus idoneam 
personam in domo nostra in canonicum et in f rat rem, qui 
pro animabus eorum et antecessorum illorum divina celebret. 
Ipso vero canonico mortuo, tenemur admittere loco ipsius, ad 
presentacionem predicti Domini Petri et heredum suorum, 
personam aliam idoneam in canonicum et in fratrem, et sic 
de canonico in canonicum post mortem cujuslibet eorundem 
in perpetuum successive. Tempore vero medio, scilicet donee 
post mortem cujuslibet alius admittatur et in presbiterum 
ordinetur et ad celebrandum sit habilis, tenemur aliquem 
canonicum de nostris celebraturum cotidie loco ejusdem 
specialiter deputare. Et si super idoneitate persone presen- 
tande, vel de aliis hoc contingentibus, oriatur contencio, 
episcopus Wigorniensis, qui pro tempore fuerit, vel ejus 
officialis, vel archidiaconus Wigornensis, sede vacante, vel, 
ipsis ordinariis forsitan negligentibus in hac parte, judex 
alius ecclesiasticus quicunque, quem prefatus Petrus et 
heredes sui voluerint eligere, cujus jurisdiccioni nos et succes- 
sores nostros jam sponte et absolute subicimus, in premissis 
decernendi et diffiniendi omnes contenciones hujusmodi per 
cohercionem quamlibet ecclesiasticam habent potestatem. 
Ad hec autem firmiter observanda, nos dictus prior et sub- 
prior de Stodleg' corporaliter in verbo Dei, pro nobis et con- 
ventu nostro, prestitimus sacramentum. Et priores et sub- 
priores singuli loci ejusdem in creacione eorum eodem modo 
prestabunt, se, pro ipsis et conventu, predicta fideliter 
servaturos. 

In cujus rei testimonium presens scriptum sigillo communi 
capituli nostri fecimus communiri. Datum die Martis 
proximapost Clausum Pascha, anno Domini M^CC'^L'' septimo.^ 

1259, March 14. — Letter of Richard, earl of Gloucester, 
agreeing to counsel and support Edward, the king's son, and 
his alUes. 

A tuz les feus Deu a ki ceste lettre vendra, Richard de 
Clare, Cunte de Gloucestre et de Hertteford', saluz. 

1 There are two exemplars of this deed. 



68 

Sachez nus estre tenuz par nostre serement, ke fet avuns 
sur Seynz Ewangiles, a nostre cher Seigmir Sire Edward', 
fiz eynez le Rei d'Engletere, ke nus leaument aideruns, a 
tut nostre poer, a Tavant dit Sire Edward' en bone fei cuntre 
tuz a dreit, e le conseilleruns en tutes ses bosoignes ke li 
tuchent e tucherunt, e nomeement en ces articles ; c'est a 
saver, ke nus mettrun[sj leaument nostre poer en bone fei ke 
I'avant dit Sire Edward' eit hastifment ses chastens e ses 
terres en sa main e en sun poer, e ke ses chartres ke le rey 
li ad fetes, ausi ben celes ke tuchent ses bosoignes dela la 
mer cum de cea, soent tenues e parfurnies, solun la tenur 
de meime celes chartres. 

Derichef, nus sumes tenuz par nostre serement, e leaument 
promettuns, ke nus les amis e les aliez I'avant dit Sire 
Edward — c'est a saver. Sire Henri le fiz le Rei d'Alemaine, 
Sire Johan', Cunte de Warenn', Baudewyn de L'Isle, Phelipp' 
Basset, Esteven' Lungespee, Robert Walerand, Roger de 
Clifford, Roger de Leiburn, Johan' de Vaus, Warin de 
Bassingburn', Hamon le Estraunge, e William' la Zuch — 
aiderun[s] e meyntendrunjs] leaument en bone fei en lur 
bosoignes, dreit fesant e dreit pernant. 

E I'avant dit Sire Edward, par sun serement e par ses 
lettres, ke nus avun[s] devers nus, est tenu a meime ceo fere 
a nos amis e a nos aliez — c'est a saver. Sire Roger le Bigod, 
Cunte de Norfolk' e de Suffolk' e Marescall' d'Engletere, Sire 
William' de Forz, Cunte de Abemarl', Hue le Bigod, dune 
Justise d'EngleteiTC, Henri de Perci, Roger de Sumery, Robert 
de Brus, Richard de Munfichet, William' de Say, William' de 
Breus', et Johan' D'Eyvill'. 

E si par [a venture] aveneit, — ke ja Deu ne voille ! — k'en 
nul de ces articles avant nomez descorde sursit entre nus 
e I'avant dit Sire Edward, e cunue chose ne fut de quel part 
le tort serreit, nus sumes obliges par cest nostre escrit, e 
voluns e grauntuns, ke nus de cele chose esterrun a I'agard 
de dous prodeshomes, c'est a saver. Sire Henri le fiz le Rei 
d'Alemaigne, de par Sire Edward', e Sire Hue le Bigod, de 
par nus, e lur agard en ceo tendruns e parfurniruns. E s'il 
aveneit, ke ces dous ne pussent u ne se vosissent de ceo entre- 
mettre, nus e I'avant dit Sire Edward' sumes tenuz par nos 
seremenz a eslire autre dous des avant-nomez amis, dunt 
I'un seit de par nus e I'autre de par lui, e lur agard en ceo 
tendruns e [par]furniruns. E si [par] aventure aveneit, ke ces 
dous ne se pussent asentir en eel agard', nus voluns e grauntuns, 
ke ces dous de lur poer elisent le terz ke seit des avant-nomez, 
tel cum il verrunt, ke meuz e plus leaument se vodra entre- 
mettre pur I'un e I'autre partie, e ceo ke ces treis, u la grey- 
nure partie de eus, agardera en cele destance leaument ten- 
druns e parfurniruns ; e meime ceste chose ad I'avant dit Sire 
Edward' graunte en dreit[e] fei,^ e s'est oblige par sun escrit, ke 
nus avuns de vers nus. 



69 

E si [par] aventure aveneit, — ke ja Deu ne pleise!— ke nus 
flechissuns u cuntrealissuns a nul de ces articles, u des pre- 
messes cuntenuz en cest nostre esciit, nus voluns e grauntuns, 
e priuns trestnz nos amis e nos aliez nomez en cest nostre 
escrit, ke a I'avant dit Sire Edward' e a ses amis e a ses aliez 
seent conseillant e aidant, a tut lur poer e tut lur efforz, a 
justiser nus e destreindre a tenir les articles e les premesses 
avant nomez e a garder en tutes choses. E s'il aveneit, — 
ke ja Deu ne pleise ! — ke Tavant dit Sire Edward' se flechesit 
u cuntrealast a nul des articles u des premesses k'il nus deit 
[parjfurnir, il graunte e vot e prie ensement trestuz ses amiz e 
ses aliez nomez en cest escrit, k'il a nus e a nos amis e a nos 
aliez seent conseillant e aidant, a tut lur poer e tut lur 
ejfforz, a justiser lui e destreindre a tenir les articles e les 
premesses avant nomez, e a garder en totes choses, si cum il 
est cuntenu en ses lettres ke nus avu[n]s [dejvers nus. E a 
ceo sunt tenuz les aliez en cest escrit nomez d'un part e d'autre 
par lur serement ke fet unt. 

E a greinure seurte de tutes cestes choses avant dites 
fermement tenir e gardir sanz tricherie, malice, u nule manere 
de fraude, ensenblement od nostre serement, a cest escrit 
avuns mis nostre seel, sauve tuz jurz la fei le Rei d'Engletere 
e le cumun serement ke fet avuns as Baruns ke tel est : 
'A I'honur de Deu, e a la fei le Rey, e al pru del regne.^' 

E solement a greinur tesmonage de ceste chose Sire Henri 
le Fiz le Rei d'Alemaine, e Sire Johan', Cunte de Warenn', 
a cest escrit unt mis lur seaus, ensenblement od le nostre. 

Ceste lettre fu fete a Lundres, le quatorzime jur de Marz, 
I'an del regne le Rei Henri, le fiz le Rei Johan', quarante 
terz. 24. 

Seals in white wax of Richard de Clare, Henry of Almain, 
and the Earl of Warenne. 

1259, August 1. — Deed of sale by Coste son of Hugh de 
Rutintona [Ruddington, co. Notts] to Richard son of Ralph 
Bugge of a sack of wool from Rutintona, or in default of 
delivery, a bovate of land in that town. 

Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris Coste, filius 
Hugonis de Rutintona, salutem in Domino. 

Noveritis me, anno regni Regis Henrici, filii Regis 
Johannis, quadragesimo tercio, in festo Beati Petri ad 
Vincula, vendidisse Ricardo filio Radulfi Bugg' unum saccum 
lane pacabilis mercator[ie] de territorio de Rutintona, vel 
de lana equivalenti, sine cod et gard nigra et grisa, et sine 
vili vellere, pro quadam summa pecunie, quam dictus 
Ricardus mihi plenarie pre manibus pacavit ; quem quidem 
saccum lane persolvere debeo dicto Ricardo vel suis certis 
asignatis infra octabas Sancte Trinitatis in anno proximo 
sequenti predictum festum Sancti Petri per pondus de 

1 The oath taken by the earl, in accordance with the Provisions of 
Oxford, as one of the twelve councillors elected by the barons to govern the 
realm j(»intiy witli twelve elected by the king {Annales de Burton, in Annates 
Monastici, i, p. 448 ; Stubbs, Select Charters, ed. 8, p. 388). 



70 

Notingham sine ulterior! dilacione ; ita scilicet, quod si con- 
tingat, quod dictam lanam ad predictum terminum predicto 
Ricardo, sicut predictum est, non solvero, concedo, pro me 
et heredibus meis, quod una bovata terre cum pertinenoiis 
in Rutintona de duabus bovatis terre, quas Hugo, pater 
mens, tenuit de Galfrido Maukunti in Rutintona, videlicet 
bovata propinquior versus solem, remaneat quieta de me et 
heredibus meis dicto Ricardo et heredibus suis, vel assig- 
natis suis.. inperpetuum, sicut carta feffamenti testatur, 
quam dicto Ricardo inde feci, et de qua bovata tradidi dicto 
Ricardo saysinam usque ad terminum solucionis dicte lane, 
cum omnibus fructibus, quos inde receperit. Et si dicta lana 
eidem persolvero, predicta bovata revertatur mihi et here- 
dibus meis, cum fructibus, quos inde receperit, vel valentia 
fructuum. Ad istam autem convencionem fideliter tenendam 
affidavi et juravi, et ad majorem securitatem huic scrip to 
sigillum meum apposui. 

Hiis testibus : Willelmo Poyne ; Roberto de Thorp ; 
Willelmo Fabro ; Roberto de Rebe[r]cy' ; et aliis. 

[c. 1260] — Grant from William son of William the Parson 
of Lenton [co. Notts] to William Gargat^, janitor of the 
priory of Lenton, of four feet of land near his gate (porta) 
of the land upon which the donor's solarium is built, so that 
he may have ingress with his cart. 

Witnesses : Richard de Redinges^ ; Robert son of Geoffrey ; 
William son of Serlo^ ; William de Rodes^ ; William son of 
Geoffrey 2 ; Laurence Hamund^. 

1260, September 20. — Charter of King Henry III. granting 
to William de Bray, of Wollaveston, a market on Tuesday 
in every week at his manor of Wollaveston' [Wollaston], co. 
Northampton, and of a fair there of three days annually, 
to wit, on the eve, the day, and the morrow of Saint 
[Micha]el. 

Witnesses : Humphrey de Bourn, earl of Hereford and 
Essex ; John de Plessetis, earl of Warrewyk ; Henry, son of 
the King of Almain, the king's nephew ; John Maunsel, 
treasurer of York ; Eudo la Zhuche ; Humphrey de Boum, 
the younger ; Robert de Twenge ; Imbert Pugeys ; Hugh 
de Dyve ; William de Trubelvill' ; and others. At Marle- 
berg'. 

Fragment of great seal in green wax. 

[Enrolled on Charter Roll (Calendar, p. 28).] 

[1264]. — Order by Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, and 
Hugh le Despenser, justiciary of England, to the bishop of 
Coventry and Roger de Lei burn, to conduct in person Sir 
Edmund, the king's son, and the constable of Dover castle 

1 Cf, Thoroton, Notts, p. 64a ; Testa de Nevill, p. 19b. The name is 
to be read Rebercy not Reberti, as in Rotuli de Ohlatis, p. 75, as it derived 
from Rubercy in Normandy, canton of Tr^vieres, arrond. of Bayeux, depart, 
of the Calvados. 

2 See Records of the Borough of Nottingham, i, p. 365, No. IX. 



71 

for the purpose of delivering that castle to the bishop of 
London, in accordance with the articles agreed upon between 
the king and his barons. ^ 

Venerabili in Christo patri R., Dei gracia, Conventr[ensi] 
et Lich[efeldensi] episcopo et dilecto sibi Rogero de Leiburn, 
S. de Monte Forti, comes Leycestr[ie], et Hugo le Dispenser, 
justiciarius Anglie, salutem. 

Ex parte domini regis et baronum suorum vobis mandamus, 
quod in personis vestris propriis salvum et securum conductum 
faciatis dilecto nobis domino Edmundo, filio ejusdem domini 
regis, et Roberto de Glaston', constabulario castri Dovor[ie], 
quibus idem dominus rex dedit in mandatis quod castrum 
predictum liberent venerabili patri H. Londoniensi episcopo, 
custodiendum in forma inter dominum regem et barones 
suos provisa, ita etiam, quod hii, qui cum predictis domino 
Edmundo et Roberto sunt in castro predicto salvum habeant 
exitum et conductum cum equis, armis et aliis rebus suis. 
Proviso, quod alienigeni, qui ibi sunt, exinde ad propria sine 
dampno sibi inferendo in pace revertantur et securitatem 
habeant auram prosperam expectandi, qua ad partes suas 
transfretare possint ; et quod predictis domino Edmundo 
et Roberto una cum hiis, quos secum ducent, nulla in per- 
sona vel rebus injuria inferatur, dampnum aut gravamen. 

Small round seal in green wax, hearing a shield with a lion 
rampant queue foiirchee. Inscription : -{- S^ . . . . t>b 
MoNTEFORTi. The other seal is missing. Both were attached 
to strips of the parchment, formed by horizontal cuts at the bottom 
of the document. 24. 

1265, October 26. — Charter of King Henry III. granting to 
Roger de Leyburn', son of Roger de Leyburn', the manor of 
Losham,^ and all the lands that belonged to Henry son of 
Thomas Aucher, and all the lands in England that belonged 
to Ralph de Sandwyco and Stephen Soudan, whose lands 
were forfeited on account of their participation in the 
rebellion of Simon de Montfort. If the lands exceed the 
value of lOOl. yearly, the excess is to revert to the king. 

Witnesses : W., Bishop of Bath and Wells ; PhiUp 
Basset ; Hugh le Bigod ; Roger de Mortuo Mari ; Roger 
de Clifford ; John de Gray ; Robert Walleraund ; Robert 
Aguillun ; William Belet ; Walter de Burges ; Geoffrey de 
Percy ; Bartholomew le Bigod. At Canterbury. 

Good impression of great seal in green wax, 

[Em'olled on Charter Roll, Calendar, p. 57.] 

1265, November 29. — Charter of King Henry III. granting 
to Philip Marmiun all the lands in the counties of Lincoln 

1 This is evidently one of the orders issued by Earl Simon after the 
battle of Lewes on 14 May, 1264, when the king was compelled to 
surrender his castles to the victorious barons. See Stubbs, Constitutional 
History, ii, p. 98, Select Charters, eighth od., p. 409. 

2 Lossenham, parish of Newenden, co. Kent (Hasted, iii, p. 83) 



n 

and Northampton that belonged to William Aungevyn; 
all the lands in Warwickshire that belonged to Giles son 
of Nicholas ; all the lands in Leicestershire that belonged 
to Wilham le Waleys ; all the lands in the counties of 
Lincoln, Nottingham, and Derby that belonged to Hugh 
Duket ; all the lands in Warwickshire that belonged to 
Thomas de Endesovr' ; all the lands in Lincolnshire that 
belonged to William de Honyenby ; all the lands in the same 
county that belonged to Robert Hotes ; all the lands in Cotes 
in the same county that belonged to John de Nevill ; all the 
lands in Leicestershire that belonged to Robert de Overton ; 
all the lands and tenements in Lincolnshire that belonged to 
John de la Lade : whose lands were forfeited on account 
of their adherence to Simon de Montfort. If the lands exceed 
the value of 200Z. yearly, the excess shall revert to the king. 

Witnesses : W., bishop of Bath and Wells ; John de 
Warenn', earl of Surrey ; Hugh le Bygod ; Roger de 
Mortuo Mari ; Roger de Leyburn ; Robert Walleraund ; 
Roger de Clifford ; Robert Aguillun ; William de Aete ; 
William Belet ; Walter de Burges ; Bartholomew le Bygod. 
At Westminster. 

Good impression of great seal. 

[Not enrolled on Charter Boll.] 



1265, November 29. — Charter from Henry III granting to 
Philip Marmyun all the lands of Stephen de Lund' in cos. 
Lincoln, York, and Nottingham ; and all the lands of 
William Aungevyn in cos. Lincoln and Northampton ; and 
all the lands of Theobald de Trikyngham in co. Lincoln ; 
all the lands of Hugh Duket in the same county ; all the 
lands of William le Waleis in co. Leicester ; all the lands 
of Ralph le Chamberleng in the same county ; all the lands 
of Thomas de Endesor' in co. Warwick ; all the lands of 
Giles son of Nicholas in the same county, enemies and rebels, 
who adhered to Simon de Monte Forti, sometime earl of 
Leicester ; provided that the lands are not of the demesnes 
of the crown. It is provided that if the value of the lands 
exceed 2001. of land yearly, the excess shall revert to the 
king. 

Witnesses : W. bishop of Bath and Wells ; John de 
Warenna, earl of Surrey ; Hugh le Bygod ; Roger de Mortuo 
Mari ; Roger de Leyburn ; Robert Walrand ; Roger de 
CHfford ; Robert Aguylun ; William de Aete ; WilHam 
Belet ; Walter de Burges ; Bartholomew le Bygod. At 
Westminster. 

Good impression of great seal. 

[Not enrolled on Charter Boll.] 



1268, August 16. — Letters patent of King Henry III. 
granting to Roger de Leyburn the manor of Bradeleye. 



73 

H[enricusl, Dei gracia, rex Anglie, dominus Hibernie, et 
dux Aquitanie, omnibus, ad quos presentes littere per- 
venerint, salutem. 

Sciatis, quod in partem recompensacionis debitorum, in 
quibus tenemur dilecto et fideli nostro Rogero de Leyburn', 
dedimus et concessimus eidem Rogero, quantum in nobis 
est, manerium de Bradeleye, cum pertinentiis, quod fuit 
Roberti Russel, capti et in prisona nostra detenti pro morte 
cujusdam hominis, quem interfecit, ut dicitur, si ipsum 
Robertum super felonia ilia sibi imposita convinci contingat 
et manerium illud nobis accidere occasione felonie predict e : 
habendum et tenendum eidem Rogero et heredibus suis 
imperpetuum, faciendo servicia inde debita et eonsueta ; ita 
tamen, quod tantum decidat eidem Rogero in debitis pre- 
dictis quantum predictum manerium valet per extentam 
inde faciendam per tales, quos ad hoc duxerimus depu- 
tandos. 

In cujus rei testimonium has litteras nostras fieri fecimus 
patentes. Teste meipso apud Lincolniam, xvj. die Augusti, 
anno regni nostri 1. secundo. 

Fragment of great seal in white wax attached to tongue of 
the "parchment. 

[1269-70] — Deed of sale by Ralph de Donjon, canon of 
London, to Sir PhiHp Marmion of his land in St. Swithun's 
Street, London. 

Sciant presentes et futuri, quod ego Radulphus de Donion, 
canonicus London',^ vendidi et quiet am clamavi et foris- 
affidavi extra me et heredes meos, et presenti carta mea con- 
firmavi nobili viro domino Philippo Marmion totam terram 
meam, cum domibus, redditibus, gardinis, et omnibus suis 
pertinentiis suis integre, quam habui in civitate London' 
in vico Sancti Swithuni ex parte aquilonari et Candelwicr- 
strate et in eadem parochia, de feodo domini Roberti 
Aguyllon, scilicet quicquid ibidem habui et habere debui in 
terris, edificiis, redditibus, et gardinis, hgnis et lapidibus, in 
longitudine et latitudine, et in rebus cunctis, sine ahquo 
retenemento, sicut melius distinguitur et plenius in cartis, 
quas inde [de] dicto domino Roberto Walterus de Standon 
habuit et ego predictus Radulphus de predicto Waltero ; 
qu[as] q[uidem ca]rtas cum presenti carta et cum plenaria 
seisina dicto domino Philippo liberavi : habendam et tenen- 
dam eidem domino Philippo et cuicumque vel quibuscumque 
et quando dare, dimittere, vendere, legare, vel quocumque 
alio modo assignare voluerit, et heredibus eorum, libere, 
quiet e, bene, et in pace, extra me et heredes meos in liberam 
et perpetuam et finalem vendicionem et quietam clamacionem 
inperpetuum ; reddendo inde annuatim predicto domino 
Roberto et heredibus suis debita servicia, que continentur in 

1 Prebendary of Islington (Newcourt, Repertoriumy p. 166 ; Hennessy, 

Novum Repertorium, p. 32). 



74 

predictis cartis, quas dicto domino Philippo liberavi. Et 
sciendum est, quod ego predictus Radulphus et heredes mei, 
sive aliquis per nos vel pro nobis, nuUo modo poterimus nee 
debemus decetero habere jus vel clamium in predicta terra cum 
domibus, redditibus, gardinis, et pertinenciis, nee aliquid 
inde exigere nee reclamare inperpetuum. [Pro h]ac autem 
mea finali vendicione, quieta clamacione et forisaffidacione, 
dedit michi predictus dominus Philippus centum et sexaginta 
marchas argenti. Et ut hec mea finalis vendicio, quieta 
clamacio et forisaffidacio rata et stabilis inperpetuum per- 
maneat, presentem cartam sigilli mei impressione roboravi. 

Hiis testibus : Domino Hugone filio Otonis, tunc con- 
stabulario Turris ; Roberto de CornhuUe, Thoma de Basinges, 
tunc vicecomitibus London' ; Matheo Boquerel, tunc alder- 
manno illius warde ; Waltero Hereui ; Willelmo de Dureaume ; 
Edwardo le Blont ; Johanne Gouarre, et multis aliis. 

Seal misshig. 

1269, June 23. — Acknowledgment by Brother Stephen de 
Fuleburn, treasurer of the Hospital of Jerusalem in England, 
of receipt in the conventual church of St. Bartholomew, 
London, from Sir John de Grey, son of Richard de Grey, of 
500 marks for the use of Sir Roger de Leyburn for part of John's 
ransom for his lands, setting out Roger's letters patent, dated 
at London, on Tuesday after SS. Peter and Paul, 52 Henry 
III, appointing the said Stephen, preceptor of St. John's 
Hospital, London, his attorney to receive and keep in deposit 
all the money due to Roger from certain debtors, to be paid 
to Stephen at that house. Sealed by Brother Roger de Veer, 
prior of the Hospital in England, and by Stephen. 

Small round seal in black wax with a shield bearing three six- 
foils, two and one ; inscription : + [Si]gillvm : fr[a]tris : 
rog[e]ri : DE : Ver. 

1273, May 3. — Demise by Sir PhiHp Marmion to Master 
Roland de Sene [Siena], advocate, of his house in the parish 
of St. Swithun, London, reserving to Sir Philip the right 
of residing therein when he comes to London. 

Notum sit omnibus presens scriptum visuris vel audituris, 
quod inter Dominum Philippum Marmiun, militem, ex parte 
una, et Magistrum Rolandum de Sene, advocatum, ex 
altera, ita convenit : videlicet, quod dictus Dominus Philippus 
dimisit prefato Rolando domos suas positas Lond[oniis] in 
parochia Sancti Swithuni, in quibus dictus Dominus Philippus 
consuevit habitare, usque ad festum Sancti Michaelis proximo 
venturum ; ita quod liceat Domino Rolando inhabitare 
dictas domos in absencia Domini Philippi prefati. Cum 
vero idem Dominus Philippus venerit Lond[onias], sibi liceat 
habitare et habere liberam aulam prefate domus et majorem 
cameram inferiorem, et aleam^ parvam inferiorem, necnon et 
celarium et stabulum totum, et coquinam, et solarium ultra 

^ An aliey or passage. 



76 

portam liceat sibi totaliter habere : prefatus vero Rolandus 
retinebit duas cameras superiores liberas et expeditas, necnon 
et locum lardarii positum ante aulam. Et propterea dictus 
Rolandus dabit dicto Domino Philippo iiij. marcas sterl[in- 
gorum], et restituet domos elapso termino supradicto in eo 
statu, in quo recepit eas, et id quod idem Rolandus proba- 
biliter expendit {sic) pro reparacione domorum predictarum, 
allocabitur sibi in supradictis iiij. marcis. 

In cujus rei testimonium duo scripta unius tenoris ex inde 
sunt confecta : quorum unum residet penes prefatum Dominum 
Pliilippum sigillatum sigillo dicti Rolandi, et aliud penes 
eundem Rolandum sigillatum sigillo Domini Philippi pre- 
dicti. 

Actum Lond[oniis], die Mercurii proxima post festum 
Sancti Johannis ante Portam Latinam, anno Domini 
M.CC.LXXIII. 



1274, May 20. — Grant by Cristiana, prioress of St. Bartho- 
lomew, Newcastle-on-Tyne, with the consent of the chapter, 
to Sir Gwyschard de Charun and Isabel, his wife, of four 
' lands ' (seliones) of arable land next his land on the north 
side of Nunneburn' ; and of all the toft and garden formerly 
held by Robert the Skinner (Pelliparius), lying between land 
of the late William de Boldum and land of the late Walter 
the Mason (cementarius) ; rendering therefor IO5. annually. 
They also grant him licence to take stone for the repair of 
his wall. 

Witnesses : Nicholas le Scot, Mayor ; Adam de Blakeden' ; 
Hem*y de Burnet' ; Adam de Pinipedun ; * Hugh de Merthing- 
leya, then Bailiffs ; Thomas de Carl[iolo] ; John son of Roger ; 
Henry le Scot ; Richard de la Haye ; Robert de Mitford ; 
John le Flemeng ; Thomas son of Henry de Carl[iolo] ; Robert 
de Stokesley ; John de Heton' ; Henry the Clerk. 

Attached are a fragment of the Prioress'' s [?] seal and the seal 
of the community of Newcastle, with inscription : " -f- 
Com[m]vne Sigill' Novi [C]astri . . . ," and the device 
of a gateway and tower. 



[c. 1275] — Grant by Adam son of Robert de Coshale [Cossall, 
CO. Notts] to Henry son of Perot of Coshale of five ' lands ' 
(seliones) of land in Stenen Rydyng, between Adam's land and 
the land of Roger Everard, abutting upon the Crokede Dyk 
and upon Brockeshale Yerd, and of a plot of land in which 
ironstone was formerly dug (unam placiam terre in qua 
lapides ferri quondam fod[i]ebantur), lying between Adam's 
land and that of the aforesaid Henry and abutting upon 
the Brode Fildynggate and upon Brokeshale Yerd, in ex- 
change for the heads of four ' lands ' lying near the Fildy[n]g- 
gate and abutting upon Brokeshale Milne Br ok, which heads 
Adam has caused to inclosed in his court of Brokeshale 



76 

Witnesses : William the Clerk of Ryngesdon^ William the 
Chamberlain of Cossale, Robert son of Hugh of the same, 
Eustace the Reeve, Adam son of Nicholas Everard of the 
Marsh. 

1276, June 10 — ^^greement between Dame Juliana Bauzeyn, 
abbess of St. Edward's, Shaftesbury, and the convent of 
the same, of the one part, and Richard de Gouyz, Hawysia, 
his wife, and Eudo Martel, of the other part, tenants of 
the tenement that was held by Eudo Martel and Margery, 
his wife, in Mapelderton [Mapperton, parish of West 
Aimer, co. Dorset], which they have of the gift of the said 
Margery, for the settlement of arrears claimed by the abbess 
and convent, viz., 40?. arrears of a certain fine and 75 quarters 
of wheat of the arrears of the ferm of the said vill of Mapel- 
derton for 52 years, at the rate of 12 bushels yearly, which 
the parties of the second part claim to have rendered by the 
measures (modios) contained in the old charter of feoffment. 
The abbess and convent release all claims for arrears in con- 
sideration of the payment to them of 40 marks, and the 
tenants agree to render them in future the rents and services 
contained in a fine made at Westminster in a month from 
Easter, 8 Henry III., between Amicia, abbess of St. Edward's, 
demandant, and Eudo Martel and Margery, his wife, defor- 
ciants, which is set out in full. 

Witnesses : Sir Ralph de Albaniaco, knt. ; Sir William 
de St. Martin, knt. ; Sir Richard de Maneston,^ knt. ; 
Sir Ralph de Gorges, knt. ; Bartholomew de Brug' ; Hamo 
de Hacche ; Roger' de Purbik^ ; Roger Anketil ; Henry de 
St. Barba. 

[c. 1280] — Grant from Maud de Brydone, abbess of Tar- 
rant (de Loco Regine super Tarente) and the convent of the 
same to Walter de Mustirs of a virgate of land in Wynter- 
burne Mustirs,^ which Richard le Man held, together with 
the house and curtilage pertaining to the same, and with 
the said Richard, his chattels and sequela and messuage ; 
rendering therefor 35. annually and the service due from 
the said land. 

Witnesses : Sir Eudo de Rochford, knt. ; Peter . . ; 
. . . . de Chaumppayne, knt. ; Ralph Bardolf ; Robert 
de Crofte ; John Pydelivere ; William Quintin ; Walter de 

Wilton ; ; Thomas Mautravers ; Henry de 

Blockesworth ; Henry de Rochford. 

Seal with figure of abbess and inscription : Sigill ' Abbatisse 
[L]oci Benedci. 

1 Ringstone, parish of Rippingale, co. Lincoln ? 

2 This deed is cited from the Shaftesbury Chartulary in Hutchins, 
Dorset, ed. 3, iii., 495. 

3 Manston, co. Dorset. 

* Isle of Purbeck, co. Dorset. 

^ Now Winterborne Turberville, parish of Bere Regis, co. Dorset. 



77 

[c. 1280] — Demise at fee-ferm by Master Richard Turkety 
to Roger the Wheelwright (rotario), called 'of Botlisford,' 
and to Gonnilda, his wife, of a toft with appurtenances, houses 
and buildings thereon constructed, in the Bakers' Street^ 
{in vico pistorum), Notingham, in which William AVitheved 
sometime dwelt, lying between the toft of Jouce the Carter 
{le Caretter) on the west and the toft of Simon the Cook 
(coxi) on the east. 

Witnesses : William le Hunte, Roger the Miller {le mouner), 
then bailiffs of the French borough of Notingham ; Richard 
Becok the elder, Stephen de Watton, Jouce the Carter {le 
caretter), Hugh de Suell' [Southwell], Richard Caudebeck, 
Robert Hamund, William Clappinsale, William Jaumbes, 
Laurence Hamund, clerk. 

1283, May 2. — Grant by Philip Marmyun to WilHam de 
Crouebyrihal, chaplain, of the Hospital of St. James, Tam- 
worth, to be held until he shall found his proposed Premon- 
stratensian house by Tam worth. ^ 

Universis Christi fidelibus, ad quos presens scriptum per- 
venerit, Philippus Marmyun, dominus Castri de Thame- 
worth, salutem in Domino sempiternam. 

Noverit universitas vestra, quod cum, in honore Dei et 
Genetricis ejusdem, omniumque Sanctorum, in primis invocata 
humiliter Spiritus Sancti gracia, unam domum religionis 
secus villam de Thameworth de ordine Premonstratensi con- 
st[r]uere ordino et affecto, ad cujus sustentacionem inter 
cetera Hospitale Sancti Jacobi dicte ville assingnaverim, 
tam de voto proprio quam ceterorum prudentum consilio, 
dilecto mihi in Christo Willelmo de Crouebyrihal', capellano, 
premissum Hospitale cum suis pertinenciis, una cum pastura 
in Asscheland ad quatuor boves et duos equos, qui pro 
salute anime mee et predecessorum meorum et successorum, 
omniumque fidelium defunctorum, ibidem personaliter resi- 
dendo divina celebrabit, libere duxi concedendum ad tempus, 
videlicet donee viros religiosos dicti ordinis seu capellanos 
seculares ibidem duxerim ponendos. Hec siquidem sit obser- 
vata condicio, quod dictus Willelmus ipsum Hospitale, cum 
omnibus suis pertinenciis et pastura predicta, dictis religiosis 
seu michi seu aliis secularibus capellanis, quos ibidem morari 
ordinavero, singnum clipei^ super se bajulaturis, sine contra- 
diccione qualibet, retenimento seu clamio integre reddere 
teneatur, cum eosdem rehgiosos seu alios seculares presbiteros 
ex ordinacione mea vel heredum meorum illic mansuros 
advenire contigerit et singnum clipei super se portaverint ; 
ita siquidem quod ipsi religiosi seu capellani seculares ipsum 
Willelmum predictum tunc recipient in canonicum seu 
fratrem, v[e]l [s]altem in victu et vestitu tamquam uni canonico 

1 Baxtergate, now known as Wheelergate. 

2 The effect of this deed is given by Tanner, Notitia Monastica, p. 
502, from ' Collect. MS. D. Thornton. ' 

3 Marniion's arms, as appears by his seal affixed to other deeds. 



78 

eidem providebunt. Et si contigerit dictos religiosos seu 
presbiteros seculares ibidem moraturos singnum clipei non 
posse super se deferre, volo quod habeam potestatem alios 
vel eosdem sine clipei singno ponendi in prefato Hospital! 
sine eontradiccione aliqua predicti Willelmi, hoc adjecto 
expresse et intellecto, quod si contingat dictum Willelmum 
super incontinencia notari seu divina ibidem celebrare negli- 
genter omittere, quod {sic) li[cebit] mihi eundem Willelmum a 
dicto Hospital! amovere et omnia bona sua ad usus dicti 
Hospitalis reservare. Et si dictus Willelmus in dicto Hos- 
pital! decesserit, omnia bona sua dicto Hospital! integre 
remanebunt. Ego vero dictus Philippus et heredes mei 
predictum Hospitale cum omnibus suis pertinenciis et pastura 
predicta memorato Willelmo usque ad terminum predictum 
in scema prenotata contra omnes gentes warantizabimus, 
adquietabimus et defendemus. 

In cujus rei testimonium sigillum meum huic scripto cyro- 
graphato duxi apponendum. Datum apud Midd[elton], in 
crastino Apostolorum Philippi et Jacobi, anno Domini 
M^CC*' octagesimo tertio. 

Hiis testibus : Dominis Johanne de Clinton, Henrico de 
Sheldon, militibus ; Magistro Michaele de Ermesby ; Waltero 
de Hertrugge ; Ricardo de Sheldon ; Galfrido Coket ; Galfrido 
ad Crucem de Tham[e\vorth] ; Willelmo Warmon, de eadem ; 
et aliis. 

Seal missing. 

1287, August 10. — Deed of emancipation by John Venator 
[Le Hunte] of William son of Walter de la More from all 
bondage. 

Omnibus Christ! fideHbus, ad quos presens scriptum per- 
venerit, Johannes Venator eternam in Domino salutem. 

Noveritis me relaxasse et penitus, pro me et heredibus 
meis vel assingnatis, quietum clamasse omnem exaccionem 
servitutis et nayvitatis et demandam, quas, vel que, habui 
vel habere potui aliquo modo in Willelmo filio Walter! de 
la More, vel in catallis suis, seu in sequelis, racione concessionis 
vel vendicionis, que Dominus Philippus Marmyun mich! et 
assingnatis meis per scriptum suum de predicto Willelmo, 
quondam nativo suo, de catallis et sequelis suis, condidit, pro 
quadam pecunie summa per me predicto Domino Philippo 
data^ ; ita siquidem, quod nee ego Johannes nee heredes 
mei, nee aliquis per me seu nomine meo, in predicto Willelmo 
vel in catallis sive in sequelis aliquam exaccionem vel 
demandam racione nayvitatis vel alicujus servitutis con- 
cessionis vel vendicionis possimus vendicare [vel] exigere 
in perpetuum. Et pro omnibus premissis predictus Willelmus 
in tota vita sua michi et heredibus meis dabit unum par ciro- 
tecarum die Sancte Edithe Virginis quolibet anno in tota 
vita sua, pro omnibus rebus in perpetuum. 

1 This grant, of the same date, is also preserved. The consideration 
was 18«. 



79 

In cujus rei testimonium huic presenti scripto sigillum 
meum apposui. Hiis testibus : Anketino de Insula ; Ricardo 
Cissore ; Normonno de Midelton^ ; Rogero de Coningesby ; 
Roberto filio Hugonis ; Hanr[ico] de la Mere ; Domino 
Willelmo, capellano de Midelton ; et aliis. 

Datum apud Midelton, die Dominica in festo Sancti 
Laurencii, anno regni^ Regis Edwardi filii Regis Hanrici 
quintodecimo. 

[c. 1290] — Grant from Agnes, daughter of the late Richard 
Bugge, of Notingham, to William de le Ker of a plot of land 
and the buildings thereon, together with two underground 
cellars at the end of the said land on the north, lying in the 
Great Marsh of Notingham opposite the Friars Minor, 
between the tenements of Hugh de Vilers and of Isolda Dun- 
nyng, extending in length to the tenement formerly owned 
by her father ; reserving to her the garden (herbarium) beyond 
the two cellars ; rendering therefor Qd. yearly to the king, 
and \2d. yearly to the House of the Holy Trinity of Lenton, 
and to her and her heirs a clove gillyflower [clavum gariophili). 

Witnesses : Richard Becok, mayor of Notingham ; Richard 
le Cupper^ and Michael le Orfevre*, bailiffs of the same ; 
Benecfict Hunte ; Ralph le Taverner ; Hugh de Vilers ; 
Robert le Teynturer ; Robert de Spondon ; Thomas Dun- 
nyng ; Hugh the Clerk. 

[1292.] — Copy of partition of lands [in Middleton, co. 
Warwick] between Joan de Ludelowe [daughter and co- 
heiress of Sir Philip Marmion],^ and Sir Alexander de 
Fryvill [husband of Joan, grand-daughter of Philip]. 

Ludelowe. — To the purparty of dame Joan de Ludelowe 
are assigned 2| acres in le Oversoken on the north ; 3f 
acres of the portion by right measure in the same field near 
the spring ; in the field called " Fyveacre " an acre in the 

^ Middleton, co. Warwick. 

2 rengni, MS. 

2 Mayor of Nottingham, 1301-2 {Records of the Borough of Notting- 
ham, i, p. 422). 

4 Mayor of Nottingham, 1297-8. 

^ The date of this partition is probably shortly after the death of Sir 
Philip Marmion in 1291 or 1292 {Calendarium Inquisitiontim post Mortem, 
20 Edw. I., no. 36, i., p. 109), for his lands in Middleton wore divided between 
his daughter Joan, wife of Thomas do Lodelowe. and Sir Alexander de Freville, 
the persons who receive piu'parties by this document. Dower was assigned 
to Philip's widow in 1292 {Calendar of Close Rolls 128S-1296, p. 269), and in 
the same year Alexander demanded his purparty of Pliilip's lands (Ibid. p. 
262). Joan's purparty was retained in the king's hands until 1299 by reason 
of her minority {Calendar of Close Rolls 1296-1302, pp. 272, 273). that the 
lands mentioned in this partition were in INliddleton appears by comparison 
with the partition between the same parties in 1315 of the land that Mary, 
widow of Pliilip Marmion, held in dower until her death {Calendar of Patent 
Rolls 1313-18, pp. 176, 177), for many of the names of tenants and of the 
local features there recur. The present dociunent is a copy drawn up, in all 
probability, some little time after 1315, for most of the tenants holding in 
1315 are described as late tenants, the tenet of the original having been 
apparently altered to tenuit. 



80 

middle of the field, and half an acre in the corner towards 
the " mor " of W. de Berf[ord] on the south ; in the 
Brokyate-ruyding an acre and a rood near the Wodelone ; 
in the Holvvokruyding an acre and a rood near the Holwok- 
ridingyate ; in Bradeleye IJ acres lying in the Neepruyding ; 
in Mangre an acre lying near the land of Ralph le Botiller 
on the west ; in the Parkfeld 24 acres and a third of a rood 
near the park of the dower ; in the Hethfeld IJ acres 
nearest the park ; in the Barremor an acre and a third of 
a rood in the middle of the field ; in Colfeld an acre nearest 
the land of Roger de Coningesby ; in the field of Turteley 
IJ acres in the Oversponne near Dryebrokesheved, which 
IJ acres Richard Molden lately held ; in the Hevedwod an 
acre and a rood of land, which John Rowe lately held ; in 
the Marefold IJ acres, which Thomas Neel lately held ; a 
rood of land that John Hemery lately held in the same field ; 
half an acre of land that Adam de Yrelond lately held in 
the Marefold ; an acre of land in Turteley that John le fiz 
Adam de Yrelond lately held ; an acre and a rood on 
Turteley that Alice Bate lately held near the Pryursty ; an 
acre that Gilbert del Qnheld lately held in the same field ; 
14 acres that Henry le fiz Gilbert lately held in the same 
field ; half an acre that Gilbert le fiz Gilbert lately held in 
the Bircheles ; in the Revefeld 3| roods, 18 1 perches of 
arable land in the cultura (coture) near the Morhous near the 
moor of Gilbert Bate ; 1 acre and a third of a furlong and 
of a rood in the field near Smal Medowe near the land of John 
Sibily ; in the Milnemedowe an acre of meadow towards the 
meadow of Robert de la Sale ; in the Brodemedowe an acre 
of meadow near the inheritance of Sir Ralph le Botiller ; 
in the meadow that Jaket de la Hyde lately held near the 
Birchenholt half an acre and a third of a rood lying near 
the meadow of John Sybily ; in the " hale " near the More 
of William de Blakgreve IJ roods of meadow near the 
meadow of Henry le fiz Gilbert ; in Smalemedowe a third 
of a rood of meadow near the meadow of Roger de Coningesby ; 
in the Brokriding two thirds of an acre of several pasture 
next the Polesheved ; in the Poel below Aschecroft a third 
of an acre lying next the meadow of Robert le Templer ; in 
Leefeld 5 acres and a third of a rood next the highway 
between CoUeshuU and Tam worth ; in the Monkesmire 5 
acres next the inheritance of Sir Ralph le Botiller on the 
south ; in Driebrokesheved 4 acres and a rood of covert and 
of waste next the land that Richard Molden held near Drie- 
brokesheved ; on the heath of Turteley 2J acres of waste 
next the inheritance of Sir Ralph le Botiller ; in the Lindes 
IJ acres of covert next the Poleshevedway ; 3 roods of 
covert in the Lyndes next the assart of William le Cunger 
near the Poleshevedway ; in the Lyndesclos 2 A acres next 
the Holwokruyding. 

Fryvill. There are assigned to the part of Sir Alexander 
de Fryvill 2 J acres in the Oversoken in the middle of the 



81 

field where the marlpit (marler) is ; 3| in the same field near 
the Lydeyateway ; in the field called " Fyve Acre " 1 J acres 
near the land of Robert le Templer ; in the Brokyateruyding 
an acre and a rood in the middle of the field ; an acre and 
a rood in the Holwokruyding near the Lyndesclos ; in 
Bradeley IJ acres near the inheritance of Ralph le Botiller ; 
in Mangre an acre in the middle of the cultura (coture) 
towards the Park ; 2 J acres and a third of a rood in the 
middle of the Parkfeld ; IJ acres in the Hethfeld near the 
land of Geoffrey Attehyde ; in Barremor half an acre and 
a third of a rood near the close of William de Berford ; half 
an acre that William le Venour lately held in Leefeld ; an 
acre of land in Colfeld in the middle of that field ; an acre 
and a rood on Turteley in the Oversponne near the assart 
of Alice Bate, which acre and rood Richard Molden lately 
held ; a rood that Nicholas le Hare lately held in the Over- 
feld of Turteley ; in the Hevedwode an acre that WilHam 
le Cunger lately held near the land of John Rowe ; in the 
Marefold IJ acres that Robert le Hare lately held near the 
land of Adam the Smith (le Feme) ; half an acre in the 
Marefold that John Hemery lately held ; 1 J acres on Tm'teley 
that Adam de Yrelond lately held near the land of AHce 
Bate ; an acre and a rood on Turteley that Richard Osbern 
lately held in the same field ; an acre that Henry Osbern 
lately held in the same field near the land of Swein atte 
Asches ; 3 roods that Richard Molden lately held in the 
same field ; 3 roods on Turteley that Alice Bate lately held 
near the land that Richard Molden lately held ; half an acre 
that Richard Osbern lately held in the same field near the 
land of Swein atte Asches ; 3 J roods and 18| perches lying 
in the Revefeld in the middle of the cultura [coture) towards 
the Morhous ; an acre and a third of a quarter of a rood in 
the field near Smalmedow next the meadow of Smalmedowe ; 
in the Milnemedowe an acre of meadow in the middle of the 
meadow ; in the middle of the Brodemedowe an acre of 
meadow near the Birchenholt ; half an acre and a third of 
a rood next the meadow of Robert le Gynur ; in the " hale '* 
near the " more " of William de Blakgreve IJ roods lying 
in the middle of this " hale " ; in Smalmedow the third of 
a rood near the meadow that formerly belonged to Richard 
de Scheldon ; in the Brokruyding two thirds of an acre of 
several pasture near the Oxheye of the inheritance of Joan 
de Ludelowe ; in the Poel below Aschecroft a third of an 
acre lying near the Brok ; in Leefeld 5 acres and a third of 
a rood in the middle of Leefeld of the purparty of the dower ; 
in the Monkesmire 5 acres in the middle of the three portions 
there measured ; in Driebrokesheved 4 acres and a rood 
of covert and of waste lying next the Rondy-tre ; on the 
heath of Turteleye 2 J acres of waste next the Barrewayes- 
ende ; in the Lindes IJ acres of covert Ijring next the 
Barreway ; three roods of covert in the Lyndes between 

M6 



82 

the inheritance of Sir Ralph le Botiller and the L3^ndes-clos ; 
in the Lyndes-clos 2i acres in the middle of the Lyndes- 
clos. 

[1294] — Demise by the community of the township of 
Ruddington [co. Notts] to the vicar of Ruddington of the 
vicarage houses in the churchyard, herbage of churchyard, 
household furniture, etc. 

Pateat universis hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris, nos 
Ricardum de Pavelly, militem, Ricardum de Wyleby, Ricar- 
dum Martel, Robertum Payne, nomine communitatis villate 
de Rotington', dimisisse, concessisse, et hoc presenti scripto 
nostro cyrograffato confirmasse Domino Willelmo de Rade- 
clive, perpetuo vicario de Rotington', ^ omnes domos edificatas 
in cymiterio Capelle Beate Marie Virginis ejusdem ville, quas 
Willelmus de Hemmingford, quondam vicarius et predecessor 
predict! Willelmi de RadecHve, de nobis et communitate 
predicta tenuit in eadem villa, cum toto herbagio crescente 
in cymiterio predicto, et cum duobus plumbis in fornesio^, et 
cum una mensa et duobus trestellis eisdem domibus spect- 
antibus, et omnibus aliis aysiamentis suis infra villam et 
extra : tenendas et habendas de nobis et heredibus nostris 
et de communitate predicta predicto Willelmo in tota vita 
sua plene, in pace, et honorifice ; reddendo inde annuatim 
communitati predicte sex solidos argenti ad quatuor anni 
terminos, videlicet ad Pascha octodecim denarios, et ad 
festum Apostolorum Petri et Pauli octodecim denarios, et 
ad festum Omnium Sanctorum octodecim denarios, et ad 
Natale Domini octodecim denarios, pro omnibus serviciis 
secularibus, exaccionibus, et demandis : ita scilicet, quod 
predictus Willelmus omnes predictas domos cum muris et 
portis inclusas^ adeo bono statu, vel meliori, quo eas recepit, 
bene per totum sumptibus suis propriis cooperabit et 
sustentabit, et predictas domos in predicto statu, nisi igne 
alieno comburantur*, seu casu guwerre vel fractionis meremii 
corruantur, predicte communitati restituat^. Et si ita forte 
contingat, quod predictus Willelmus in solucione annul red- 
ditus predicti in parte vel in toto ad terminos predictos defe- 
cerit, licebit extunc predicte communitati conjunctim vel 
divisim predictas domos cum cymiterio intrare, saysire, et 
retinere, sicut jus suum, sine dissaysina vel injuria seu 
calumpnia predicto Willelmo facienda, quousque de pre- 
dicta fir ma predicte communitati plenarie satisfecerit. 

In cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto in modum cyro- 
graffi confecto, utraque pars scriptum alterius suo signavit 
sigillo. Hiis testibus : Domino Ricardo de Bingham, milite ; 

1 William de Radcliffe was instituted vicar of Ruddington on 5 July, 
1294 (Godfrey, Churches of Nottinghamshire, 1887, p. 79). 

2 Leaden vats (' leads ') fixed over ' furnaces ' or firegrates. See 
Records of the Borough of Nottingham, iii, p. 493. 

8 inclusos, MS. 

* comhurentur, MS. 

^ resfituet, MS. 



Galfrido fratre suo ; Willelmo Marischallo, de Radeclive 
super Trente^ ; Thomas Basilie, de eadem ; Ricardo Barri, 
de Thorlaxton^ ; Gervasio filio Ysabelle de Keword^ ; 
Johanne filio Elie de Brademare* ; Willelmo Clerico ; et 
aliis. 

1295, February 2. — Release by Richard son of Richard 
Bugge of Wyluby of Robert son of Robert de Strelley 
and Elizabeth, his wife, from rendering an account of the 
lands held by the said Richard in sokage in Wyluby on the 
Wolds (super Waldas), of which they had the custody during 
his minority, and concerning which account he had impleaded 
them in the king's Court, in consideration of the payment by 
them to him of seven marks. 

Witnesses : Sir Roger de Morteyn ; Sir Ranulph de 
Wandesley^ ; Robert de Kynmarley^ ; Adam de Coscale'^ ; 
William de Bella Aqua ; Robert de Aldesword'^ ; Robert 
de Ryseley.^ 

[1304.] — Probate of will of Robert de Bingham, of co. 
Dorset. 

In Dei nomine, amen. Ego Robertus [de BJingham facio 
testamentum meum in hunc modum : In primis do, lego 
animam meam Deo, Qui me creavit, redemit et glorificabit, 
et corpus meum sepeliendum in cymeterio Beati Andree 
de Tolr'^° ex parte australi cancelli ejusdem ecclesie, juxta 
tumbam Nichole de Tornay, uxoris mee ; et ante corpus 
meum unum bovem. Item in expensis funeris in die 
sepulture mee, sex marcas. Item do, lego quinque marcas 
ad unum annuale celebrandum pro anima mea et pro 
animabus duarum uxorum mearum defunctarum. Item ad 
fabricam ecclesie de Tolr', ijs. Item ad fabricam ecclesie 
Sar[esburiensis], ijs. Item do, lego Fratribus Minoribus de 
Dorsetre,^^ dimidiammarcam. Item capelle mee de Staford,^^ 
iiij. solidos. Item do, lego ecclesie de West Cumton,^^ xijd. 
Item do, lego Ricardo de Bingham, nepoti et her[e]di meo, 
unam mazeram, que vocatur ' Gladewyne.' Item do, lego 
Johanne, uxori mee, unum ciphum argenti cum pede. Item 
do, lego Radulpho de Bingham, filio meo, unam peciam 
argenti. Item Domino Johanni de Bingham, filio meo, xs. 
Item Johanni filio meo, dimidiam marcam. Item do, lego 
Johanne Terry unam dimidiam marcam. Item Johanni Juel, 

1 Ratcliffe-on-Trent, co. Notts. 

2 Tollerton, co. Notts. 

3 Keyworth, co. Notts. 
* Bradmore, co. Notts. 

^ Wandesley, pai'ish of Annesley, co. Notts. 

^ Kimberloy, co. Notts. 

7 Cossall, CO. Notts. 

s Awsworth, CO. Notts. 

9 Risley (Breaston St. Michael with), co. Derby. 

10 Toller, co. Dorset. 

1 1 Dorchester. 

12 West Stafford, co. Dorset. 

13 Compton Abbas {alias West Compton), near Dorchester, co. Dorset. 



84 

iijs. Item Thome Coco, ijs. Item do, lego cuilibet de 
familia, qui mecum stabit tempore mortis mee, vjd. Item 
Johanne, uxori mee, majorem oUam meam heream^. Et 
Ricardo de Bingham unam oUam minorem. Item do, lego 
Radulpho, filio meo, unam oUam eream, que est apud Staford. 
Item do, lego in subsidium Terre Sancte ijs., ita quod niehil 
amphus quacunque occasione in subsidium ejusdem Terre 
Sancte vendicari possit de bonis meis. Item Hobekino'^, filio 
Ricardi^ de Bingham, unam vaccam. Item Hobekino, filio 
Radulphi de Bingham, unam vaccam. Item do, lego Henrico, 
rectori ecclesie de Tolr', iiij. coclearia argenti. Item Domino 
Johanni de Bingham, filio meo, ij. coclearia argenti. Et 
Radulfo, filio meo, iiij. coclearia argenti. Et Willelmo de 
Ringwode, de Staford, iiijs. Item do, lego Johanne*, uxori 
mee, unum annulum (sio) aureum cum lapide zaphiri. Item 
Johanne Terry, unum anulum auri. Item Margarete, uxori 
Radulphi de Bingham, unum anulum aureum. Item do, 
lego Hemico, rectori ecclesie de Tolr', unam marcam argenti. 
Et Radulpho de Bingham unam marcam argenti. Et prop- 
terea cetera bona partem meam contingencia, que non sunt 
speciaHter legata, volo quod vendantur, et quod distribuantur 
pro anima mea juxta disposicionem executorum meorum. 
Item do, lego Radulpho de Bingham unam mazeram cum 
pede. Et sunt executores mei Henricus, rector ecclesie de 
Tolr', Radulphus de Bingham, filius mens, et Johanna de 
Raleghe, uxor mea. 

[Endorsed :] Istud testamentum probatum fuit coram 
nobis, officiali Domini archdiaconi Dors[et'], in ecclesia Beate 
Marie de Brideport, quinto kalendas Maii, anno gracie 
M'^CCC^ tercio ; et pro eo pronunciamus et commisimus 
administracionem honor um Henrico, rectori ecclesie de Tolr', 
et Radulpho de Byngham, executoribus infra-scriptis, in 
forma juris, Johannam de Raleghe, propter sui debilitatem, 
ab honere administracionis presentis testamenti absolventes. 

1308, September 9. — Probate of will of Henry, Lord Grey 
of Codnor [co. Derby]. 

En le noun du Pere e du Fiz e du Seint Esperit, amen. 
Jeo Henri de Grey, Seygnour de Codenore, faz mon testament 
en mon maner de Codenore, le Lundy en lendemeyn de la 
Nativite nostre Dame, le an del Incarnacion nostre Seygnour 
mil e treis centz e utyme. A deprimes, jeo devis ma alme 
a Dieu e a nostre Dame e a touz ses seintz, e mon corps a 
gesir as Freres du Carme de Eylesford. ^ E jeo devis a 
meimes ceus Freres quaraunte livres en amendement de 

1 heream=8eream. 

2 Hobekin, a pet-form of Robert, ' ' Hobekinus filius Radulphi de 
Bingham ' ' is the Robert de Bingeham, son and heir of Ralph de Bingeham, 
of 1334 (p. 93, below). 

3 Ricardo, MS. 
* Johanni, MS. 

6 Aylesford, co. Kent, a friary founded by Henry 's grandfather, Riclmrd, 
Lord Grey of Codnor, about 1240, 



85 

lur moster e de lur mesons, e le graunt piole destrer pur aler 
da vaunt mon corps, e ke mon corps seit enterre honorable- 
ment sicom apent a mon estat, solum le ordeinement de mes 
exsecutours. E jeo devis a Richard de Grey, mon fiz, ma 
bone croiz, ove ma beneizoun ; e a Nichole de Grey, mon 
fiz, le dyamaunt ke Sire Richard de Saundiacre me devisa, e 
touz mes biens e mes chatels ke sunt en mon maner de 
Barton'^ le jour desus nome. E a Luce de Somery, ma fille, 
une emeraude ke Monsieur Paen Tibetot me dona, e ma 
beneizoun. E a Dame Johanne, ma fille, nonein de Acorne- 
bury,2 cent souz. E a Johanne, ma femme, le graunt picher 
de argent e le hanap a pe, ove les glans sus le covercle, e 
I'autre hanap a pe blaunc o un emal en my lu, e un picher 
a ewe, e sis esqueles, e sis sausers de argent des mees, saunz 
les sowes demeyne, e ma blaunche perle. E les aneaus ke 
jeo penk entour mon col seent a Richard, mon fiz. E a 
Johanne, ma fille, la compaygne Richard de Grey, mon petit 
ruby. E jeo devis a Monsieur Roberd de Schirlaunde mon 
neir destrer pur son bon servise pur deners ke jeo ly dey. 
E a [Monjsieur Willeam le fiz Willeam un bon rouncyn de 
vint mars ou de dis livres. E a Monsieur Thomas de Wokin- 
den' le sor rouncyn de Estaumford.^ E a Monsieur Roberd 
Saufcheverel dous hanaps de argent platz. E a Margaret de 
Cromwell' le petit picher de argent au vin, e un hanap plat ; 
e a Johanne, sa soer, un hanap de argent plat. E a Alienor 
de Chaumflor quaraunte livres. E jeo devis as Freres Menours 
de Notingham quarante souz. E as Freres du Carme de 
Notingham deus marcs. E a autres Freres par eyllours solum 
le ordeinement de mes exsecutors. E al ovraygne del egHse 
de Lichfeld vint souz. E al ovraygne de la mere eglise de 
Everwik demy marc. E al ovraygne de la mere eglise de 
Nichole* demy marc. E a Roberd de Sallowe^ le polein 
ferraunt e le petit polein bay. E a Roberd des Vaus le fer- 
raunt destrer de Fraunce. E a Ernaud de Monteny cent 
souz. E a Arondel ke ses dettes seent p[a]eez pur sa femme. 
E a Johan de Schirfeld cent souz. E jeo veoil ke touz mes 
gentz de office e touz autres ke me unt servy cent lur servise 
e seent regardez solum lur estat e solum ceo ke mes biens 
soffisent. E jeo devis a Thomas e a Henri, mes fiz, mes 
mesons de Loundres pur eyder a lur avauncement. E jeo 
veoil ke Margaret' de Cromwell' e Johanne, sa soer, eent 
touz les moebles de Cromwell' pur totes maneres de dettes. 
E jeo veoil ke la dame eit" sa chaumbre e ceo ke y apent. 
E jeo devis a Hugh de Rislep le ferraunt rouncyn ky est apele 
* Dycoun ' e le bay rouncyn de Estaumford. E jeo veoil ke 
totes mes dettes seent paeez plenerement avaunt ceo ke riens 
seit fet de mon devis avauntdit, sauve mon enterrement. 



^ Barton-le-Street, co. York (Dugdale. Baronage, i, p. 710a). 

2 Aconbviry, co. Hereford. 

3 Stamford, co. Lincoln. 
* Lincoln. 

^ Sawley, co. Derby. 



86 

E a cest testament leaument pursure e porfere, jeo ordeyne 
e faz mes exsecutors Richard de Grey, mon fiz, e Roberd de 
Sallowe, Roberd des Vaus, Alienor de Chaumflour, e Hughe 
de Rislep. 

En tesmoygnaunce de q[uele ch]ose a cest testament jeo 
ay mys mon seel. 

[Endorsed with probates before R. de Reddeswell, arch- 
deacon of Chester, vicar of W., bishop of Coventry and Lich- 
field, extra dyocesim suam agente, on 16 September, 1308; 
acceptance of preceding probate by Thomas de Renes, seques- 
trator of W., archbishop of York, at Nottingham, September 
19 ; acceptance of same by the official of Rochester, October 
15 ; probate before Ralph, bishop of London, October 15 ; 
and probate before the bishop of Lincoln, October 22.] 

1310, March 8.— Grant by Philip le Hunte, of Middilton, 
to William de Blakegreve of all his lands in Middilton 
[Middleton, co. Warwick], together with the reversion of all 
the lands, etc., that Maud, mother of the said Philip, and 
Margery Norman hold in dower. 

Witnesses : Roger de Conyngesby ; Anketill de Lyle ; 
Anketill de Bracebrigg' ; Ralph Osberne ; Geoffrey atte Hide ; 
Roger de la Bache ; John de Ox ton, clerk. 

" Et quia dictus Philippus non habuit sigillum, sigillum 
Henrici, filii Galfridi Gamyl, mutuatum fuit." 

1310, June 10. — Grant from Brother WiUiam de Tothale, 
" Sancte Domus Hospitalis Sancti Johannis Jerusalem Prior 
humihs in Anglia," with the assent of the brethren of the 
chapter, to Wfiliam de Staundon, clerk, and Joan, his wife, 
of three acres of land in a field called " Stanberewe," between 
the land of John de Renesleye on both sides, in the town of 
Staundon V extending eastward to the way from Staundone 
to the manor of Plessy,^ and westward to the land of Thomas 
de Gardino, held at will of the said chapter by Nicholas de 
la Leye. 

Witnesses : Brother Robert de Somerdeby ; Brother 
Nicholas de Accumbe ; Brother Humphrey de Wykham ; 
Brother Henry de Basynges ; Brother John de Messyngham ; 
Brother John de London ; Brother William Cosyn, then 
Preceptor of Staundon. Dated at Melcheboum,^ " in cele- 
bracione Capituli nostri ibidem." 

Seal of the Chapter, with counter seal of William de Tothale. 

1311, May 23. — Grant from Simon de Lega, " nuncius 
quondam Celebris memorie Domine Alianore, Regine Anglie," 
to Gilbert de Wygeton clerk, of all his lands, etc., in the 
parish of [All Hallows], Berkingchurche, London, in Syvethen- 

1 Standon, co. Hertford. 

2 Plashes, in Standon. 

8 Melchboume, co. Bedford. 



87 

strate,^ between the tenement of Richard de Gray on the 
south and " ci[miterium Sancti Olavi] versus Turrim 
London' " on the north. 

Witnesses : Richer de Refham, mayor ; Simon Corp and 
Peter de Blakeneye, sheriffs ; WilHam de Combe-Martin, 
alderman of that ward ; Roger de Frowyk ; Gilbert le Hurer ; 
John de Stratford ; William de Finchingfeld ; Robert le 
Maderman ; John de Rameseye ; John Priour ; Benedict de 
la More ; Thomas le Coupere ; Simon Tourgys ; Ralph the 
Clerk. 

1311, September 5. — Grant from Monsieur Robert de 
Mohaut, steward of Chester, to Sir John de Bracebrugge, 
knight, of lOl. of yearly rent in Walton, co. Derby. In con- 
sideration of this grant. Sir John " a done et graunte affaire 
son leal servise de chivalerie a I'avantdit Sire Robert a toute 
sa vie pour la rente avantdit, aussi bien en temps de pees 
come de guerre, et en touz lieus ou il besoignera de son 
serviz, par la ou la presence I'avauntdit Sire Robert serra, 
et en toutes terres et en touz regions, hors pris la Terre 
Seynte, quant des foiz et quel houre que il serra de lui coven- 
ablement garni et maunde, a la mounture et a les robes et a 
les propres custages I'avantdit Sire Robert resonablement 
sicome il affiert a chivalier estre trove de son seigneur, et 
restor des chivaus, de palefroi, de somer, et de rouncyn, son 
vadlet, son hakeney, et son somer en temps de guerre, solum 
resonable pris par I'avantdit Sire Robert prisie." 

Small seal with shield bearing a lion rampant. 

1312, March 12. — Demise from Roger de Morteyn, knt., 
for the term of his life, to Richard de Wyluby, the younger, 
of his manor of Cossale,^ with " housbote " and " haybote " 
by the view of his " wodeward " in his wood of Cossale Lount, 
and appurtenances, excepting his coalmine {miner o carbonum), 
wood, and court of free men and the heriots and ransoms 
for the lands of the freemen and bondmen (nativi), at an 
annual rent of 41. 

Witnesses : Adam de Cossale ; Robert his son ; Roger de 
Brunnesleye^ ; Richard Martel, of Chilwell* ; John de Aldes- 
worthe.^ 

1314, November 4.— Letters patent of Edward II. granting 
licence for Roger de Morteyn to assign to Richard de 
Wylgheby, senior, 80 acres of wood in Wolaton and the 
advowson of the churches of Wolaton and Cosshale, held by 
him of the king in capite of the Honour of Peverel. 

[Calendar of Patent Bolls 1313-17, p. 197.] 

1 Seething Lane. 

2 Cossall, CO. Notts. 

3 Brinsley, co. Notts. 

4 Chilwell, CO. Notts. 

6 Awsworth, CO. Notts, 



as 

1316, May 1. — Demise by Richard de Willoughby to 
Adam son of Nicholas and to eight other men of Cossale 
[Cossall, CO. Notts] of his mine of sea coal [in Cossall ?], with 
exemption from payment of rent when hindered from 
working by firedamp. 

Hec est convencio facta inter Ricardum de Wilwebi, 
Dominumi de Cossal', ex una parte, et Adam filium 
Nicollai, Adam le Moner, Johannem Everard, Henricum 
filium Bate, Galfridum filium Henrici Everard, Evera[r]dum 
filium Nicollai, Henricum de Kidisley, de Cossale, ex altera, 
videHcet quod dictus Ricardus concessit et ad firmam dimisit 
predictis Ade et sociis suis minam suam de carbone marino 
in una placea terre arrabiHs, que vocatur ' le Vytestobbe ' ; 
reddendo pro quolibet picoss[io]2 per septimanam duodecim 
denarios quotienscumque opera verint, in parte vel in toto, 
vel operare poterint, nisi impediti fuerint propter inundacionem 
aque vel ventum,^ qui vocatur ' le dampe,^ tunc ilUs de 
societate. qui impediti fuerint, allocentur quamdiu aqua vel 
le damp' durent.* Et si contingat, quod operent^ per tres 
dies, dabunt per diem duos denarios et obolum pro quolibet® 
piccos[io] ; si per quatuor dies in septimana, dabunt duodecim 
denarios. Preterea predicti Adam et socii sui gutturam, 
que dicitur " ?e 5ot^e,"' propriis suis sumtibus reparabunt. 
Vult etiam et concedit dictus Ricardus, quod Adam filius 
Nicollai et quihbet sociorum suorum predictorum, tam in 
egritudine^ quam in sanitate, pro voluntate sua partem suam 
operis predicti vendere vel ad firmam dimittere vel ab'cui 
partem suam concedere possit, excepto Ricardo fiHo Loce : 
ita tamen, quod dicto Ricardo de firma sua modo debito 
respondeatur. Preterea concedit dictus Ricardus, quod nuUus 
operarius ad operacionem^ dicte mine sine voluntate et elec- 
cione dictorum Ade [et] sociorum suorum ullo sensu admit- 
tatur. Et ad omnia premissa observanda, quilibet dictorum, 
pro se et heredibus suis et executoribus suis, obhgat se et per 
se in solucionem et principalem debitorem ad omnia premissa 
observanda et tenenda. Predictus Ricardus et heredes sui 
predictam minam in forma prenotata dictis Ade et sociis suis 
warantizabunt et presens pactum in omnibus suis articulis 
observabunt sine fraude. 

In cujus rei testimonium sigilla partium huic scrip to inden- 
tato altematim sunt appensa. Datum apud Cossale, Calend[is] 
Maii, anno regni Regis Edwardi, fihi Regis Edwardi, nono. 

Idem Adam et socii sui^^ implebunt puteos propriis suis 
sumtibus et reparabunt. [Cancelled.'] 

1 Domimia, MS. 

2 Pickaxe (Old French picoia). 

* ventus, MS. 

* durant, MS. 
5 operant, MS. 

* quilibet, MS. 

7 See Prof. Wright, English Dialect Dictionary, e.v. ' sough, 2. * 

8 cgritate, MS. 

® Repeated in MS. 
10 Bociis suis, MS. 



89 

1319, October 8. — Letters patent of Edward II. granting 
licence for William de Morteyn to enfeoff Richard de 
Wylughby of the manor of Wollaton, excepting 26 mes- 
suages, 20 acres, 17 J bovates of land, 4 acres of meadow, 
and 80 acres of wood and the advowson of the church ; 
which manor is held of the king in chief as of the Honour 
of Peverel. 

[Calendar of Patent Rolls 1317-1321, p. 393.] 

1327, May 6. — Letters patent of Edward III. granting 
licence for John of Watenowe to enfeoff John le Colier, of 
Notingham, of 14 acres of land in Sutton Passeys, held in 
chief. ^ 

[Calendar of Patent Bolls 1327-1330, p. 100.] 

1328, September 4. — Letters patent of Edward III. grant- 
ing Ucence for Simon le Jorce, of Wymundeswold,^ to enfeoff 
Richard de Wylughby and Isabel, his wife, of a messuage 
and a carucate of land in Wymundeswold and Houton,^ held 
of the king in chief. 188 

[Calendar of Patent Rolls 1327-1330, p. 318.] 

1331, November 11. — Agreement made at London, whereby 
Estout de Estouteville, son and heir of Monsieur Nicholas de 
Estoteville, agrees to enfeoff Monsieur Richard de Grey, lord 
of Codenovre, of his manors of Barton-on-Trente* and 
Brademere,^ co. Nottingham, and to recognize his right 
thereto by a fine to be levied in the king's court at Westminster 
in the quinzaine of Easter, 1332, and to make all surety pos- 
sible in the courts of France and of England. The said 
Richard agrees to pay him therefor 800Z. 

Witnesses : " Mons. Rauf, Counte D'Eu, Conestable de 
Fraunce " ; Mons. Robert de Estoteville ; Mons. Henri de 
Beaumont ; Mons. Raufe de Estoteville ; Mons. William de 
Beseville ; Johan de Polteneye, Mayor of London ; Mons. 
Richard de Lacy, John de Graham, and John Priour, " le 
puysne cyteyns de Loundres." 

French. 

1332, March 26. — Agreement for the cancelling of a bond 
in lOOL, in which Mons. Baudewyne de Fryvill' is bound to 
Philip de Hardeshull', upon condition that the said Baude- 
wyne do, between the date of these presents and the feast 
of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist next, enfeoff John, 
his son, and EHzabeth, daughter of Mons. John de Hardes- 
hull, and John and Elizabeth's heirs of lands of the yearly 
value of sol. ; and secure them lands of the yearly value of 
51. of the land held by Dame Johane, mother of the said 
Baudewyne, after her death ; and secure to them the castle 

1 This occurs in the bundle of deeds of 1 Edward I. 

2 Wimeswold, co. Leicester. 

* Hoton, CO. Leicester. 

* Barton-in-Fabis, co. Notts, 
5 Bradmore, co. Notts. 



90 

of Tamworth and appurtenances, together with the tene- 
ments held by the said Johane in Middelton, after her death 
and the death of Baudewyne and EHzabeth, his wife ; and 
make aquittance to Phihp of 40 marks, in part payment of 
250Z., in which John de HardeshuU is bound to Baudewyne 
for the marriage of the said John, son of Baudewyne, and 
of EHzabeth, daughter of John de HardeshuU. 

1332, April 15. — Letter of Queen Philippa acknowledging 
receipt from Ida Lestrange, her damsel, of certain crowns and 
other jewels.^ 

Ph[ilipp]e, par la grace de Dieu, Reyne d'Engleterre, Dame 
d'Irlaunde, et Duchesse d'Aquitaine, a touz ceux qi cestes 
lettres verrount, saluz. Sachez nous avoir receu devers 
nous meismes en nostre chaumbre de nostre ch[ier]e 
damoisele Ide Lestraunge les choses souzescrites queles ele 
avoit de no[us] ... a garde[r], c'est assavoir, une 
corone d'or od x. fleurs de ameraudes, une ruble en checun 
fleur. Item une corone d'or od x. fleurs od emeraudes et 
rubies od viij. perles, en chescune trosche une ruble en la 
trosche, et d'autrepart une emeraude. Item une graunde 
corone d'or od x. fleurs od emeraudes et rubies, od trosches 
de perles, et en chescune trosche viij. perles et une grosse 
perle en milieu. Item une graunde corone d'or od viij. fleurs 
de grosses emeraudes et grosses rubies, et une trosche de 
xij. perles et une ruble dedeinz, et une autre trosche d'une 
emeraude dedeinz, et chescune trosche od un saphir survo- 
launt. Item une graunde corone d'or od grosses rubies, 
emeraudes, diamauntz, et grosses perles, la quele ma dame 
la Reyne Isabell nous d[ona] le jour de la . . . ienoef 
I'an quart. Item une croiz d'or od grosses emeraudes, rubies, 
et grosses perles. Item une ceynture d'orfaverie {sic) od emer- 
audes, rubies et grosses perles. Des queux choses nous voloms 
qe I'avantdit nostre damoisele seit deschargee et quites par 
cestes noz lettres. 

En tesmoignance de queu chose, nous avoms [fetes faire 
cestes] lettres patentes. Don[eez] a Estaunford, le xv. jour 
d'Averill, I'an du regne nostre treschere Seigneur le Roi 
sisme. 

1332, May 12. — Agreement by Estout de Estoutevill', son 
and heir of Sir Nicholas de Estoutevill', to come over to 
England at the charge of Richard de Grey, lord of Codenovre, 
between the octaves of Michaelmas next to come and the 
feast of All Saints to make such surety to Richard of the 
manors of Barton and Brademere, of which he had enfeoffed 
Richard by his charter enrolled in chancery, ^ as is ordained 
in the indentures between him and Richard, as the counsel 

1 These jewels do not occur in the inventory of her plate, etc., taken 
after 1369 {Archaeologia, xxxi., p. 377). 

2 See Calendar of Close Rolls 1330-1333, p. 563, and the deed of 11 
November, 1331, above. 



91 

of the said Richard shall ordain. He also agrees to surrender 
to him all the maniments of the said manors. 
French. 

1332, May 28, — Agreement between Henry, bishop of St. 
Davids, and Richard le Wulf, of Put ton in Gower (Gouheria), 
whereby the bishop agrees to dehver Agnes Harald, of 
Sweynese, to be married to John le Wolf, son and heir of 
Richard ; and Richard agrees to enfeoff Sir Philip de 
Sweynese, rector of Penmayn,^ and William de Clynton, as 
feoffees of the said John and Agnes, of all his lands in 
England and Wales, excepting a tenement that Macy, his 
daughter, has of his gift in Kyngestrete, co. Dorset, reserving 
to himself for his life the manor of Putton and a carucate of 
land in Nydenench. Many provisions follow. 

Witnesses : Sir John, abbot of Certeseye, and Sir John, 
prior of the same ; Sir Philip Harald, of Sweynese ; Hugh 
de Paunton ; Walter de Coumb ; Nicholas Drew. Dated at 
Certeseye. 

1332, July 25. — Grant from Mons. Richard de Grey, lord 
of Codenovre, to his daughter Maud, who was the wife of 
John de Gravesende, of 40Z. of rent in his manor of Shiryngham,^ 
in exchange for the manor of Gravesende, ^ which she grants 
to him for the term of her life. A long list of the free tenants 
and " bondes " from whom the said rent is to be received 
is given. 

Witnesses : Mons. William de Herle, Mons. Richard de 
Wilughby, Mons. Rich, de Lacy, knights ; Adam le Duyn ; 
Walter de Enemere ; Robert de Brondissh, clerk ; Peter 
de Belegrave. Dated at Westminster. 

1332, September 20. — Grant from John de Brom and 
Idonya, his wife, to Sir Richard de Wylughbye, knight, and 
Nicholas, his son, of two plots (placeas) of meadow in 
Carleton near Gedelyng,* which the said Idonya had of the 
feoffment of William de Bazage, one of which is called 
" Stondole " and the other " Segdale." 

Witnesses : Richard Ingram, of Gedelyng ; Roger Duket, 
of Carleton ; and Richard de la Bazage, of the same ; John 
Broun, of Gedelyng ; John Moyngne, of Carleton. 

1332, November 17. — Grant from Ralph de Camoys, 
senior, knight, to Sir John Latymer, knight, son of Sir 
William Latymer, of all the manor of Lasham, co. Southampton, 
with the advowson of the church, and all his lands in 
Berkham,^ in the parish of Bynteworth. 

1 Penmaen, co. Glamorgan. 

2 Sheringham, co. Norfolk. 

3 Gravesend, co. Kent. 

* Carlton, near Gedling, co. Notts. 

6 Burkham, parish of Bentworth, co. Hants, 



92 

Witnesses : Sir Edward de Sancto Johanne, knt. ; Sir 
Thomas Coudray, knt. ; Sir John de Roches, knt. ; John 
de Gisorcio, Anketin de Gisorcio, Henry Wymund, Andrew 
Aubry, Robert Swote, citizens of London. Dated at 
London. 

1333, October 6. — Indenture between Richard deWylughby, 
justice of the King's Bench, and Adam de Stayngreve, clerk 
of Geoffrey le Scrop, chief justice of the King's Bench, con- 
cerning the dehvery to Richard of rolls and other memo- 
randa of that court. 

Memorandum, quod Dominus Rex mandavit dilecto et 
fideli suo Galfrido le Scrop' breve suum clausum in hec 
verba : 

" Edwardus, Dei gratia. Rex Anglie, Dominus Hibernie, 
et Dux Aquitanie, dilecto et fideli nostro Galfrido le Scrop', 
Capitali Justitiario suo ad Placita coram nobis tenenda assig- 
nato, salutem. Cum vos, de mandato nostro, ad partes 
transmarinas in obsequium nostrum sitis proximo profecturus, 
per quod volumus quod dilectus et fidelis noster Ricardus de 
Wylughby, una cum aliis fidelibus nostris, placita ilia 
teneat, dum vos in obsequio nostro sic esse contigerit ; vobis 
mandamus, quod rotulos, recorda, processus, indictamenta, 
et omnia alia memoranda dictum officium contingencia, 
que in custodia vestra exi stunt, prefato Ricardo, per inden- 
turam inde inter vos et ipsum modo debito conficiendam, 
sine dilacione liberetis. Mandavimus enim prefato Ricardo, 
quod rotulos, recorda, processus, indictamenta, et alia memo- 
randa predicta a vobis recipiat et placita ilia teneat, sicut 
predictum est. Teste me ipso, apud Shene, x. die Septembris, 
anno regni nostri septimo." [Calendar of Close Rolls 1333- 
1337, p. 77.] 

Pretextu cujus brevis predictus Galfridus liberavit prefato 
Ricardo apud Eboracum per manus Ade de Stayngreve, clerici 
ejusdem Galfridi, die Mercurii in Octabis Sancti Michaelis, 
anno regni Regis Edwardi Tercii a Conquestu septimo, 
rotulos, recorda, processus, indictamenta, et omnia alia 
memoranda subscripta Bancum Domini Regis contingencia : 
videlicet, rotulos placitorum, brevia, et recorda de toto anno 
regni Regis Edwardi supra-dicti tercio ; et rotulos placitorum, 
brevia, et recorda de toto anno ejusdem regis quarto ; et 
rotulos placitorum, brevia et recorda de toto anno ejusdem 
regis quinto ; et rotulos placitorum, brevia, recorda, essonia 
et panella de toto anno ejusdem regis sexto ; et rotulos 
placitorum, brevia, recorda, essonia, et panella de terminis 
Hillarii, Pasche, et Trinitatis de anno ejusdem regis septimo ; 
et rotulum placitorum de termino Hillarii de anno ejusdem 
regis primo, et recorda ejusdem anni primi, et recorda de anno 
ejusdem regis secundo ; et rotulum placitorum de termino 
Pasche de anno regni Regis Edwardi, patris Domini Regis 
nunc, nono ; et rotulos de Qvx) Warranto de Itineribus 
Comitatuum Norh[amptonie] et Bed[efordie] ; et unum par- 



d3 

vulum saculum cum diversis indictamentis de Comitatibus 
Lincoln[ie] et Midd[elsexie], et cum appello Willelmi de 
Wantyiig et falsa moneta ; et bagam de Sancto Edmund o ; 
et bagam Willelmi de Ros ; et unum parvulum saculum 
cum sigillis contra-factis^ de sulfure ; et unam bagam cum 
quibusdam scriptis coram rege propositis et deductis. 

In cujus rei testimonium huic indenture tam predictus 
Ricardus quam predict us Adam de Stayngreve sigilla sua 
alternatim apposuerunt. Datum apud Eboracum, die et 
anno supradictis. 

1334, February 3. — Grant from Mary de Childecoumbe^ to 
John de Childecoumbe, her son, and Anastasia, who was the 
wife of Ralph de Byngeham, of all her lands in Westaforde 
Kny3tetone,3 which she had of the grant of Robert de 
Byngeham, son and heir of Ralph de Byngeham. 

Witnesses : Sir William de W^hitefeld, knight ; Sir Robert 
de Novo Burgo, knight ; Sir Walter Harang, knight ; Walter 
Baril ; Henry Schirard ; John de Warmwelle* ; Thomas 
atte See. 

1336, September 26. — Letters patent of Edward III. witness- 
ing that whereas he lately granted to his yeoman William de 
Eland, for the term of his life, the custody of the Castle of 
Notyngham and the bailiwick of the Honour of Peverel in 
COS. Nottingham and Derby, together with the mills, 
meadows, pastures, fisheries, rents, profits, etc., pertaining 
to the same castle and bailiwick, without rendering to him 
anything therefor ; he now grants that William shall have 
the bailiwick for ever to him and his heirs, on condition that 
his heirs render to the king yearly 14 marks, which was 
rendered to the king yearly for the said bail wick, as the king 
finds by a certificate of the treasurer and barons of the 
exchequer. [Not enrolled on Patent Rolls.] 24 (390.) 

1336, July 8. — Renewal, at the request of the archbishop 
of York, by the chapter of St. Mary's, Southwell, of their 
inspeximus and confirmation, which had been destroyed 
maliciously, of a charter of Master Simon de Curtemajori, 
prebendary of Wodeburgh [Woodborough, co. Notts] in that 
church, emancipating Henry son of William de Wodeburgh, 
and granting to him the tenement that he held in bondage 
of the prebend. 

Universis Sancte Matris Ecclesie filiis, ad quorum noticiam 
presentes littere pervenerint, Capitulum Ecclesie Beate Marie 
Suthweir, salutem in Domino. 

Noveritis nos discreti viri Magistri Simonis de Curtemajori, 
dudum prebendarii prebende de Wodeburgh' in ecclesia nostra 

1 contro-, MS. 

2 Chilcombe, co. Dorset. 

3 West Knighton, co. Dorset. 
* Warmwell, co. Dorset 



94 

Suthweir, cartam inspexisse Henrico filio Willelmi de Wode- 
burgh' factam eo, qui sequitur, sub tenore : 

" Omnibus Christi fidelibus, ad quos presens scriptum 
pervenerit, Simon de Curtemajori, canonicus Suthwellensis 
Ecclesie, salutem in Domino sempiternam. Noverit univer- 
sitas vestra me, de consensu et voluntate . . capituli 
ejusdem, manumisisse Henricum filium Willelmi de Wode- 
burgh', et plenam libertatem eidem dedisse, concessisse et 
hoc present! scripto meo confirmasse, cum tota sequela sua 
et cum omnibus catallis suis ; ita scilicet, quod nee ego nee 
successores mei, nee aliquis nostro nomine, aliquid juris vel 
clamei in corpore dicti Henrici vel in sequela sua seu in 
catallis suis racione alicujus naivitatis vel servitutis de cetero 
exigere vel vendicare poterimus. Concessi etiam et hoc 
presenti scripto confirmavi eidem Henrico et heredibus suis 
unum mesuagium et bovatam terre arabilis in villa et terri- 
torio de Wodeburgh', que in naivitate sua de me tenuit : 
habendum et tenendum predictum mesuagium et unam bova- 
tam terre cum pertinenciis eidem Henrico et heredibus suis 
de me et successoribus meis, canonicis de Wodeburgh', libere, 
hereditarie in perpetuum ; reddendo inde annuatim michi 
et heredibus meis tres solidos et sex denarios argenti, ad 
festum videlicet Sancti Martini viginti unum denarios^ et ad 
festum Invencionis Sancte Crucis viginti unum denarios, ^ et 
faciendo inde sectam ad curiam meam de Wodeburgh' ter 
per annum dumtaxat. Et in testimonium premissorum 
sigillum meum presenti carte est appensum. Hiis testibus : 
Magistris Johanne de Peniggeston',^ Benedicto de Halum^ ; 
Domino Johanne de Grauncurt, Domino Ricardo de Upton, 
Domino Ricardo de Halughton,* Domino Thoma de Nor- 
manton',^ Petro in Venella de Muscham^ ; Ricardo de Nor- 
manton, Roberto Brun de Halutton ; et aliis." 

Cum nos igitur . . Capitulum Suthwellensis ecclesie 
supradictum prefatam cartam et contenta in ea per litteras 
nostras patentes nostro sigillo signatas olim confirmassemus, 
sicut fidedignorum testimonio legitime probatum extitit 
coram nobis, hujusmodique littere confirmacionis nostre 
subdole sint subtracte, et per maliciam, quod pejus est, ut 
dicitur, combuste et penitus annullate, ipsas litteras con- 
firmacionis nostre, ad rogatum venerabilis in Christo patris 
et Domini, Domini Willelmi, Dei gratia, Eboracensis archie- 
piscopi, Anglic Primatis, innovamus, ac ipsam cartam et con- 
tenta in ea ratificamus in perpetuum per presentes, jure, 
jurisdiccione, statu, dignitate et honore nostris et ecclesiarum 
Eboracensis et nostre semper salvis. 

In quorum omnium testimonium sigillum nostrum pre- 
s entibus est appensum, presentibus Domino Willelmo de 

1 denarium, MS. 

2 Penistone, co. York. 
8 Halam, co. Notts. 

* Halloughton, co. York. 

s Normanton, parish of Southwell, co. Notts. 

« Muskham, co. Notts, 



95 

Berecotes, Magistris Johanne de Monte Claro, et Willelmo 
de Barneby, Canonicis ; Dominis Henrico KetelP, Ada de 
Neuton, presbiteris, et aliis. Datum in capitulo nostro Suth- 
weir, die Lune proxima post festum Translationis Beati 
Thome Martiris, anno gracie millesimo CCC'"° tricesimo 
sexto. 

1338, November 8. — Release by Nicholas, abbot of Hagh- 
mon, and the convent of the same, to Sir John de Cherleton, 
lord of Powys, and to his wife, Hawis, of a yearly rent 
85. from the tenement in Salopesburs (Shrewsbury) that 
dame Isabella Borrey formerly held and inhabited. 

Seal of abbey. 

[1342], October 9. — Letter from Thomas de Berkelee and 
Anthony de Lucy to [the Wardens of the East Marches ?] 
giving an account of the movements of David de Bruce in 
Galloway.' 

Treschers Sires ! Nous avoms bien entendue voz lettres, 
qe nous vindrent yceo Meskerdy a hour' de tircz. Et de 
ceo, Sires, que vous nous maundetz qe nous duss[o]ms trer par 
devers vous pur la venue de nos enemys d'Escoce vers voz 
marches, voilletz savoir, Sires, que a la fesauntz de cestes 
nous entendismes par certeynes gentz qe David de Bruys 
od son host est vers les parties de Galwayth et Loghrynton, 
et ceo q'ils bient a faire, nous ne savioms a la fesauntz de 
cestes. Mes, Sires, ascunes gentz nous ount certifie q'ils 
voillont entrer nostre marche, et si ils tenennt lour purpos 
a ceo faire, nous vous ferroms savoir hastivement. Et, Sires, 
si ceo aveyng q'ils entrent vostre marche, voilletz savoir que 
nous serroms prest de perfourmir voz maundementz, mes, 
Sires, toutvoys, s'il vous plest, que nous seioms garnitz par 
tenps. 

^ The date of this letter falls between the return of King David from 
France on 2 June, 1341 {Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, i. p. clx) and his capture 
at Neville's Cross on 17 October, 1346. Although he attacked the West 
Marches shortly before the battle of Neville's Cross, this letter does not refer 
to his movements in that year, for on 10 October of that year he captured 
Castleton in Liddesdale after five days' siege, whereas this letter shows that 
on 9 October in the year when the letter was written the latest news at 
Carlisle was that he was then in Galloway. Moreover, Anthonv do Lucy 
died in 1343 or 1344 {Calendar of Close Bolls 1343-1346, p. 257). " Anthony, 
who was constable of Carlisle Castle, was busily engaged in 1340 in protect- 
ing the West Marches against the threatened inroads of the Scots {Rotidi 
Scocie, i. 589a,b, 590a, 591, 594a, 59t)b, etc.) In 1 August, 1341, he was 
appointed warden of the Marches of Cumberland and Westmoreland (Ibid, 
i. p. 611a). He was engaged in the defence of this district in the following year 
(Ibid, i., pp. 625b, 627b, 633a), Dugdale, fiorona^e, i.,p.357b,states that Thomas 
de Berkeley was appointed Warden of the IVIarches of Scotland in 16 Edward 
III. (1342-3), but the entry in the Botuli Scocie (i. p. 627b) cited by him does 
not justify the statement, but merely orders payment, on 2 July, 1342, to 
Berkeley of wages for the troops that he had agreed to find for three montlis 
to defend the Marches of Scotland, payment whereof is charged upon money 
from wool in cos. Cumberland and Westmoreland. A like order was issued 
on 20 August (Ibid, i., p. 631b.) and a peremptory order dated 26 September 
for the payment to him of the wages states that he was staying in the 
parts of Carlisle (Ibid, i., p. 633a). King Edward embarked for France on 4 
or 5 October, 1342 {Foedera, ii., p. 1212; Cal.of Close Bolls 1341-1343, p. 660). 



96 

Treschers Sires, nostre Seigneur soit garde de vous ! 
Escr[itez] a Kardoill', le ix™® jour d'Octobre. 

Par Thomas de Berkelee et Antoyn de Lucy. 24. 

1344, October 19. — Grant by Reginald de Cobham, admiral, 
of permission for the ship called " Le Beggar e,"" of Eylisford 
[Aylesford, co. Kent], to make a voyage at the master's 
pleasure, on condition that she return to her own port 
by Whitsuntide. 

A touz ceux qui cestes lettres verront ou orrent, Renaud 
de Cobham, admyraill nostre seygnur le Roy, salutz en Dyeu. 

Sachez nous avoir done conge al nef apelle " Le Beggar e " 
de Eylisford, dont Johan Martyn est mestre, d'aler verz 
qeles parties que verra pur faire son proffit, issint qe soyt arere 
a son port demesne al Pentecoste prochayn avenyr sanz 
delay, [aj qele chose lyeument faire il nouz ad trove suffisante 
surte. 

En tesmoynance de qele chose a cestez nos lettres avomz 
mys nostre seal. Don[nes] a Londres, le dys et nofime jour 
d'Octobre, I'an du regne nostre seygnur susdit d'Engleterre 
dys et oytisme et de France quinte. 

1344, October 20. — Grant from John le Colyer, of Noting- 
ham, to Michael de Lyndeby, chaplain, to celebrate in the 
chapel of St. Mary of Sutton' Passeys,^ for the souls of John 
and of his late wife Agnes, etc., of a messuage, toft, and 
5 bovates of land in Sutton' Passeys, which John had acquired 
from divers men in the same town : to have and to hold 
to the said Michael and his successors, chaplains there cele- 
brating for the said souls ; provided that if he, or any of 
his successors, cease to celebrate for eight days without 
appointing a deputy, he so neglecting to celebrate shall be 
amoved from the said chantry. The donor retains the right 
of presentation during his life. After his death, the prior 
of Lenton shall present upon each vacancy. If he fail to 
present within twelve days, the presentation shall lapse to 
the prior of Felleye. If he fail to present, the archbishop 
of York shall present. 

Witnesses : Robert de Strelleye, knight ; John de 
Annes[leye], knight ; John de Cokfeld, knight ; John del 
Ker ; William de Selston ; Geoffrey de Brunnesleye ; John, 
son of Robert de Sutton ; Seyr de Brokestowe. 

1344, November 23. — Deed of Brother Astorgius de Gorciis, 
prior of Lenton, and the convent of the same, consenting to 
the foundation of a chantry in the chapel of Sutton Passeys by 
John le Colier. Dated at Lenton. 

Seals of prior and friary. 

1345, September 12. — Grant from Hugh le Tighler, of 
Lincoln, and Cecily, his wife, to Ralph de Cockwell, of 

1 Sutton Passeys, a vanished village in WoUaton Park. 



97 

Notingham, and Emma, his wife, of a plot of land in the 
Saturday Market, Notingham, between the tenement of 
John de Widmerpoll on the east and the gate called " le 
Chapelbarre " on the west, in breadth by the king's highway 
81 feet, lying in length by the wall of Notingham from the 
said gate to the end of the tenement of the said John de 
Widmerpoll except room for a cart (preter iter unius carecte) 
between the wall and the said plot on the west. 

Witnesses : John de Tumby, Mayor of Notingham ; 
Stephen le Taverner and Ralph Colier, Bailiffs ; Ralph de 
Wollaton ; Richard de Toueton, Richard de Hilton, John 
Davy, Robert de Brunneby, Hugh de Carlell, all of Notingham. 
Dated at Notingham. 

1351, April 25. — Grant by Robert son of Robert de Brunneby, 
of Notyngham, to Sir Richard de Wylughby, senior, of a 
messuage with shops in Notyngham near the lane called 
" le Cowlane," formerly held by John de Perwych. 

Witnesses : Hugh le Spicere of Notyngham, Mayor ; John 
de Sutton and Thos. de Stafford, bailiffs (and others). 

1351, May 2. — Membrane giving contemporary copy of 
agreement made at Bradford Peverell between Roger le 
Walssh and Richard Peverell that Roger shall marry Joan, 
daughter of Richard, receiving for her marriage 20Z., and 
when he takes her home three robes or " gwyd^ and cot' " 
and a palfrey and saddle, and three beds, two cloths {naps) 
and a third of canvas, with towel and napkin (savernap), and 
bacins and lavers for her chamber, and Roger shall enfeoff 
feoffees of all his lands in Chikerell and Stoke Coyllard to 
re-enfeoff Roger and his wife. 

French. 

Copies of the feoffments and releases in connexion herevdth 
are given, 

1352, March 23. — Grant by the abbot and convent of 
Bordesleye^ to Sir Peter de Monteforti, lord of Beudesert,^ 
of a yearly rent of IOO5. from their manor of Soungre,* co. 
Warwick. 

Witnesses : Sir Roger de Aylesbury, William atte Spyne, 
John de Conyngesby, Hugh de Braundeston, William 
d'Oddyngseles, John Sparry, Philip de Budeford, Walter de 
Hereford. Dated at Soungre. 

1352, March 29. — Grant by the said Peter that the abbot 
and convent shall be quit of the aforesaid rent on condition 
that they assign a monk chaplain of their convent to chant 
daily for ever divine service at All Saints' altar in their convent 
church according to the manner of their order, principally 

1 A garment, gown. See New English Dictionary y a.v. * Gito, 1.* 

2 Bordsley, parish of Tardebigge, co. Worcester. 

3 Beaudesert, co. Warwick. 

* Songar Grange, in Langley, parish of Claverdon, co. Waxwick. 

M7 



for the good estate of Peter during his life and for the souls 
of Margaret, his wife, John de Mountfort, his father, Ahce 
de Mountfort, his mother, and John de Mountfort, his 
brother, etc. Witnesses as above, with addition of Richard 
de Budeford. Dated at Mounkespathe.^ 
Good impressions of the abbey seal. 

1358. — Contemporary copy of enrolment amongst the 
Memoranda of the Exchequer, Hilary Term, 32 Edward 
III., concerning the relief due from Ralph son of Ralph le 
Bou tiller for his mother Maud's purparty of the lands of 
Philip Marmioun, her father, giving details of the division 
of his lands, which PhiHp held the town of Tamwrth, on the 
confine of the counties of Stafford and Warwick, and the 
manor of Scrivelby, co. Lincoln, as an entire barony (per 
integram haroniam). 

1358, August 8. — Retainer by Edward, prince of Wales, 
of Sir Baldwin de Freville. 

Ceste endenture faite parentre lui nobles homme monsieur 
Edward eisnez filz au noble roi d'Engleterre et de Fraunce, 
prince de Gales, dues de Cornewaille, et counte de Cestre, 
d'une part, et Monsieur Baudewyn de Frevill, d'autre part, 
tesmoigne que le dit Monsieur Baudewyn est pur terme de 
sa vie demoree ove le dit prince, pernant pur son service 
q'il ferra au dit prince annuelement quarrante livres a terme 
de la vie le dit Monsieur Baudewyn des issues et profitz 
surdantz du manoir de Cheillesmore, de la ville de Coventree, 
et de la feeferme de la priorie de Coventree, par les meyns 
du receivour ou autre gardein le dit prince illeoques, qi pur 
le temps serra, a les termes de Seint Michiel et de Basque 
par oweles porcions. Et que a quele heure que le dit prince 
irra pur la guerre, le dit monsieur Baudewyn prendra pur 
tauntz des gentz come il amenera ove dit le prince ataunt 
come autres de son estat prendront pur I'afferant des gentz 
q'il amenera. 

En tesmoignance de quele chose auxibien le dit prince come 
le dit monsieur Baudewyn ount a ceste endenture entre- 
chaungeablement mis lour seals. Donne a Londres, le viij. 
jour d'Augst, I'an du regne le roi Edward Tierz apres le 
Conquest d'Engleterre trentism secound et de Fraunce 
disneofism. 

1360, August 3. — Grant by Richard de Wilughby, knight, 
the elder, to Sir Richard de Stanford and Sir Thomas de 
Eperston, chaplains celebrating in the chapel of St. Mary, 
Sutton Passeys, for the souls of John Colier, Agnes, his wife, 
and of their children, and for the souls of Sir Richard de 
Wilughby, father of the grantor, and of Adam de Wellom, 
formerly rector of Wolaton, and for the good estate of the 

1 Monkspatli (Hall). 



99 

grantor and Elizabeth, his wife, Richard Colier, and their 
children, of IOO5. of yearly rent from certain specified 
tenements in Notingham. The presentation to both chantries 
is reserved to the grantor and his heirs, and in default to 
the archdeacon of Notingham, and in his default to the 
archbishop of York. 

Witnesses : Hugh le Spicer, mayor of Notingham ; John 
Davy and John de Chastre, baiUffs ; Richard Samon, John 
Salmon, Richard le Coher, John de Briggeford, John Loterell, 
William Coher, William de Lancastre, Richard de Polles- 
worth, Roger de Gamelston, John Ingram. Dated at 
Notingham. 

1362. — Copies of inquisitions post mortem of Richard de 
Wylughby, the elder, in the counties of Leicester, Lincoln, 
and Derby. He died 14 March, 36 Edward III. Richard, 
his son, is his next heir, and is aged 40 and more. 

[Cf. Calendarium Inquisitionum post Mortem, ii., p. 256, 
no. 81.] 

1363, July 5. — Release by Joan, abbess of Shaston,^ to 
Edmund Fitz Herberd and Elizabeth Fitz Roger, tenants 
of the manor of Mapelerton,^ of all arrears of the ferm up to 
Michaelmas next. Dated at Henton. 

Fine impression of seal. 

1367, February 24. — Admission by John, bishop of Lincoln, 
of John de Baggeworth, priest, to the chantry of St. Mary 
of Sapecote,^ void by the resignation of Richard Basset, the 
last chaplain thereof, on the presentation of Sir Richard 
Basset, knight. Dated 1366, in the fourth year of the 
bishop's consecration. 

1385, April 4. — Retainer by John, duke of Lancaster, King 
of Castile and Leon, of Ralph Bracebridge. 

Ceste endenture fait parentre le puissant prince Johan, 
roy de Castell et de Leon, due de Lancastre, d'une part, et 
Mons[ieur] Rauf Braissebrugge, d'autre part, tesmoigne que 
le dit Mons[ieur] Rauf est retenuz et demorez devers le dit 
roy et due pur lui servir a terme de sa vie, tant en temps 
de pees come de guerre, en manere que s'ensuyt, c'est assaveir 
que le dit Mons[ieur] Rauf serra tenuz deservir meisme celuy 
roy et due pur pees et pur guerre a terme de sa vie, et de 
travailler ovesque lui as queles parties q'il plerra au dit roy 
et due, bien et covenablement arraiez pur la guerre ; et serra 
le dit Mons[ieur] Rauf en temps de pees as bouche et gages 
de court pur lui meismes a ses diverses venues illoeques, quant 
il serra envoiez par les letres du dit roy et due de son 

1 Shaftesbury, co. Dorset. 

2 Mapperton, co. Dorset. 

3 Sapcote, CO. Leicester. 



100 

mandement, ovesque un son esquier, qi serra tout soulement 
a bouche de court. Et prendra le dit Mons[ieur] Rauf en 
temps de guerre du dit roy et due au tieulx fees et gages pur 
la guerre par an pur lui et pur son dit esquier come autres 
bachelers de samblable estat et condicion prendront. par 
les meines du tresorer du dit roy et due pur la guerre, qi pur 
le temps serra. Et endroit des chivalx de guerre preises et 
perduz en la service du dit roy et due, et del comencement 
de son an de guerre, et des prisoneres et autres profitz de guerre 
par lui ou null de ses gentz prisez ou gaignez ensemblement, 
et de I'eskippeson pur lui, ses gentz, chivalx, et autres leur 
hemoises, le dit roy et due ferra a lui come as autres 
bachelers de son estat et condicion. 

En tesmoignance de quele chose a ycestes endentures les 
parties avantdites entrechangeablement ont mys leur sealx. 
Don' a Leycestre, le quart jour d'Aprill, I'an du regne nostre 
tresredoute seigneur le Roy Richard Seconde puis la Con- 
queste oytisme. 

Seals missing. 



1390, March 12. — Demise for twenty-nine years from John 
Dabrigecort, knight, to Robert Bay, of Cossall, William 
Garnam, and Nicholas Batell, of Trowell, of " tres partes 
cujuslibet putei cujusdam minure (sic) carbonum " in the 
places called " Morebrech " and " Wodebrech " in the fields 
of Trowell, rendering therefor every week for a " pyk " 
of hard coal 2^. 6f?., and for a *' pyk " weekly of "culm" 
\2d. The lessees shall pay the whole ferm if they work three 
days, and if they work only two days and a half, they shall 
pay half the ferm. " Et predicti Robertus, Willelmus, et 
Nicholaus operentur in predicta minura nichil eos impediente, 
salvis semper eisdem Roberto, Willelmo, et Nicholao et 
heredibus suis damp' et aqua. Et quod idem Johannes et 
heredes sui allocabunt predictis Roberto, Willelmo, et 
Nicholao, heredibus et assignatis suis, water egates et heddryftes 
durante termino predicto." Dated at Wollaton. 

Witnesses : Thomas Tochet, Peter de Strellay, John 
Hancok, chaplain. 

1402, December 22. — Grant by Agnes Denteth, of Not- 
yngham, relict of Henry Shypwryght, of Notyngham, to Sir 
WilHam Ode, chaplain, of Notyngham, of a rent of 2s. and 
two hens yearly from a messuage with appurtenances and 
buildings in Notyngham on the rock {super rupem), lying 
between her tenement in which she now dwells and the 
tenement formerly belonging to John Luterell, which John 
de Hertyll now holds. 

Witnesses : Thomas de Mapurley, mayor of Notyngham, 
Thomas de Roley and John de Alastre, bailiffs ; John Samon ; 
John de Plump tre ; John de Tannesley ; Henry de Plump tre. 



101 

1402, December 25. — ^IVIanumission of a serf by Edmund 
de Willoughby, with exemption from serving as bailiff of 
the manor and from other servile obligations. 

Pateat universis per presentes, quod ego Edmundus de 
Weloghby, dominus de Dunnesby, manumisi et ab omni jugo 
servitutis liberavi Willelmum Large de Dunnesby, nativum 
meum, cum omnibus bonis et catallis suis et cum tota sequela 
sua, procreata et procreanda. Insuper ego pref atus Edmundus 
concessi predicto Willelmo et heredibus suis, quod nunquam 
fient ballivus mens ville nee curie, set ab omni jugo servitutis 
ipsos deliberavi, ita vero quod nee ego predictus Edmundus 
nee heredes nee assignati mei aliquid juris vel clamii racione 
alicujus vill[e]inagii erga predictum Willelmum Large, seu 
aliquo de sequela sua procreata vel procreanda, seu de bonis 
vel catallis ejusdem Willelmi de cetero exigere vel vendicare 
poterimus in futurum, set ab omni accione premissa simus 
exclusi imperpetuum per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium 
huic presenti scripto meo sigillum meum apposui. Data 
apud Dunnesby, die Mercurii proxima ante festum Apos- 
tolorum Simonis et Jude, anno regni regis Henrici Quarti a 
Conquesto Anglie quarto. 

1403, August 10. — Letters Patent of Henry IV. ordering 
Hugh Burnell to defend the town of Shrewsbury against 
Owen Glendower {Owinus de Gleyndouredy). 

[Calendar of Patent Bolls, 1401-1405, p. 285.] 

1404, November 18. — Probate of will of John Frome. 
Body to be buried in the nave of St. Andrew's church, 
Sonnyng [Sonning, co. Berks] before the cross. To the fabric 
of Salisbury church, 20.9. To the fabric of the church of 
Wyntreborn Caam [Winterborne Came, co. Dorset], 4:0s. 
To the fabric of the church of Horton [co. Dorset], 205. 
To the fabric of the church of Knolton [? Knowlton, co. 
Dorset], lOs. To the fabric of the church of Bokyngham 
[Buckingham], 205. To the fabric of Castilmylbrigge, Bokyng- 
ham, 205. To the fabric of Wellendebrigge, Bokyngham, 205. 
To the two hermits of Bokyngham, 35. 4d. each. To be 
distributed amongst his villeins (nativos) and those holding 
in villeinage (native tenentes) in Borton, IOO5. according to 
the discretion of his executors. To the friars minor of Dor- 
chestre lOZ. to celebrate for his soul. To the abbot of Shirborn 
[Sherborne, co. Dorset], a silver gilt chalice. To the testator's 
two daughters, two silver cups of one suite made in the manner 
of a chalice. " Item IsabeUe, filie mee, aulam^ meam palyd 
de albo rubeo et viridi, cum toto apparatu. Item predicts 
Isabelle lectum meum de rubio et viridi, cum costeris'^ et toto 
apparatu, videlicet cum niatras et canavas et j. par hnthia- 
minum, j. par de blanket'. Item Johanne, fihe mee, lectum 

1 For atUceum ' hangings. * 

2 Curtains, bed-hangings. 



102 

meum de albo et rubeo cum costeris et toto apparatu. Item pre- 
dicte Johannelectum meum magnum rubeum cum duobus longis 
costeris rubeis et toto apparatu, videlicet cum matras, canavas, 
j. pari blanket et j. pari linthiaminum, cum quysshons^ et 
bankers^. Item predicte Isabelle, lectum meum apud London' 
cum toto apparatu, et omnia alia utencilia domus existencia 
ibidem. Item lego Willelmo, fratri meo, unum lectum rubeum 
secundum meliorem, videlicet cum uno tester et dimidio celer\^ 
cum iij. curteinis, j. canevas, j. matras, j. pari blanket', et 
j. pari lintheaminum, et cooper torium cum tester operis de 
Wynchestre, ultra omnia alia que modo habet, que etiam sibi 
lego. Item Johanni Saydon unum lectum, videlicet coo- 
pertorium cum uno tester operis de Wynchestre, j. canevas, 
matras, j. pari de blanket, una pari de {sic) linthiaminum, 
et ahum coopertorium sufficiens." To Thomasina Carpynter, 
205. To Sir Thomas, the testator's brother, a round bowl 
ipollam) with a cover of silver. To Richard, his brother, a 
silver piece (peciam) with a cover of silver. To Richard 
Masun, 135. 4c?., in addition to the salary due to him. To 
Janyn, 35. 4d., beyond his salary. To Thomas Coke, 205. 
To Hugh, 65. Sd. To WiUiam Kene, 205. To Roger atte 
Wode, 25. To William Hoggys, 25. To Richard atte Wode, 
25. To Richard Ryver, 25. To John Thurborn, 25. To 
Richard Willam, 25. To Payn Pulter and his wife, 25. If 
his other goods not bequeathed are insufficient for the 
payment of his debts, he wills that deduction (dejalcacio) of 
this testament shall be made at the discretion of his executors. 
On the third day of his burial lOZ. to be distributed for his 
soul. Executors, William Fyloll and Richard Frome, the 
testator's brother. 

Annexed is the certificate of probate on 24 November, 
1404, before John Perche, clerk, commissary of the arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. 

[1415,] July 6. — ^Letter from H[enry Beaufort], bishop of 
Winchester, to William Filliol, requesting him to confer upon 
the bishop's secretary the chapel of Wilkswood [parish of 
Langton Matravers, co. Dorset]. 

Treschier et tresentierement bien ame, nous vous salvoums 
souvent et de tresentier coeur. Et vous esmercions tres- 
acerces de vostre bon promis et de ce qu'il vous ad pleu, 
par consideracion de nous, nous envoier responce sur noz 
autres lettres, que vous vouldriez garder la chapelle de Wylch- 
eswod pour nostre treschier et tresame clerc et secretaire 
Richart Pette worth jusques au temps que vous et luy en 

1 Cushions. 

2 Bench coverings. 
^ Canopy. 

■* The date is fixed by the fact that Richard Petworth, the person 
in whose favour the letter is written, succeeded as prior or master of the 
priory, chantry or chapel of Wilkswood in 3 Henry V (Hutchins, Dorset, 
ed. 3, i., p. 641b), and that in the same year WilUam Talbot, warden of the 
chantry, deUvered to William Filliol the muniments of the priory {Ibid.). 



103 

eussiez parle ensemble plus au plain, a quelle temps mesme 
nostre clerc averoit la dicte chapelle, comme nostra bien 
ame serviteur John' Shirbourne nous reportast plainement 
de par vous a nostre singuler plaisur la vostre treschier 
mercy. Si vous prioums tresentierement de vostre bonne 
continuance envers nostre dit clerc touchant son encres a 
la difee chapelle sanz lui en failler, que ne vouldrions en null 
manier, consideree que nous avons fait mesme nostre clerc 
lesser autre sien benefice pour la cause suisdite, aiants en vous 
ferme espoir et affiance que nous vous trouveroums le plus 
favorable a nostre dit clerc par consideracion de nous, par 
ainsi que a son venu devers vous pour la final conclusion de 
vostre dit promis, vous ne vueillez rien convoiter de nostre 
dit clerc aultrement que raison et conscience ne derdandent. 
Sur quoy vous prioums outre ce que vous vous vueillez tiel- 
lement acquiter en la dicte matier que nous soions tenuz de 
faire pour vous de toute nostre poair comme pour chose faite 
a mesme nostre personne. Et nostre Seigneur vous ait en 
garde ! Escript a nostre palix a Wincestre, le vj. jour de 
Juillett. 

H.^ Evesque de Wincestre, 
Chanceller d' Angle terre. 

[Addressed :] A nostre treschier et tresentierement bien ame 
William FillyoU, esquier. 24. 

This letter is written on paper, and has been folded up in 
a square shape. At the back cross lines have been roughly 
drawn with red chalk or paint, and a very small seal, sur- 
rounded with a twisted straw, has been affixed at the inter- 
section of the four lines of the cross. The letter seems to 
have been closed by a narrow strip of paper, parchment, or 
thread beneath the seal, for there are two small cuts in the 
paper under the seal and corresponding cuts in the other side 
of the paper. 

1416, January 12. — Contemporary copy of the will of 
William Filoll. His body to be buried in his parish church 
of St. Wulffida, Horton [co. Dorset]. To the fabric of the 
cathedral church of Salisbury, 20<s. To the fabric of the 
church of Horton, 135. 4d. To Joan, his sister, 405. To 
Roger William, 205. To John Hendy of Wynterborn Belet, 
carter, 205. To John Gartore of Wynterborne Heryng [Win- 
terborne Herringston, co. Dorset], 205. To Simon Talbot, 
his black gown {jupa) of Lyre. To Thomas Boteler, his 
pantlerer, his gown [jupa) of green and muster vilers. To 
John Burton his gown (jupa) of " mottele." To John 
Batell his gown (jupa) of green of Fryse. To John Reson 
his gown (jupa) of green and " forstnithemede "^ and his huke 
(hucum) of green double. To Stephen Wychynore, 61. To 
Richard Edward, 135. Id. To Richard WilUam, 135. 4d. To 
John Hendy of Wodeland [Woodlands, co. Dorset], 135. id. 

1 The initial H is a bold and elaborate letter. 

2 Not in New English Dictionary. 



104 

To John Bussell, his fermor of Langeton Heryng [Langton 
Herring, co. Dorset], his striped single gown (jupam meam 
straguV sengle). To Roger atte Wode, his green gown {jupa). 
To John Trenchefoill, his furred striped gown (jupa). To 
Nicholas Arney, 535. 4d., which he owes to the testator, and 
two doublets of black worsted. To Ralph Walssh, his long 
sword called " Percy." To Robert Derby, his baselard with 
knife. To Nicholas Arney, his short sword sheathed. To 
Ralph Walssh, his short sword, which he had of the said 
Ralph's gift. To John Reson, his short sword not sheathed. 
To Robert Derby, his black horse. To Ralph Walssh, his 
bay horse. To Simon Talbot, a pair of white " plates," with 
the " pauns, vauntbrases, et rirebraces, greves, et quysshews ad 
eosdem plates competentibus." To Nicholas Arney, a pair of 
black plates and his bascinet. To Alice Drayton, 65. ScZ. 
To AUce Cowhurd, 35. 4(Z. To Richard Peaworth, his hood 
of scarlet. To John Parker, of Blakedon, 135. 4c^. and his 
hood of black of Ljo-e. To John Wodeham, IO65. 8c?., which 
he owes to the testator. To John Drapere, 135. 4c?. The 
rest of his treasure found in his chests and in the hands of 
his debtors shall be disposed for his burial, and shall be 
distributed among the priests and the poor for the health 
of his soul, by the hands of John Wodeham and Simon Talbot, 
his executors. To Joan, his wife, and to his children, to be 
found and governed by her, all the residue of his goods and 
chattels. Executors, his wife and the said John and Simon. 
Supervisor, Robert Darby. 

1420, March 31.— Will of Jane, late the wife of Sir Richard 
Arches, and of Sir WilUam Cheyne, Chief Justice of the King's 
Bench, formerly the wife of Wilham Fillol. 

Copia ultime voluntatis domine Johanne, que fuit uxor 
Willelmi Cheyne, militis, Capitalis Justiciarii de Banco Domini 
Regis, et quondam uxoris Willelmi FiloU, de comitatu 
Dors[etie], armigeri, facte in pura viduetate sua post mortem 
Richardi Arches, militis, similiter viri ejusdem Johanne, prout 
scribitur in AngHcis manu Simonis Talbot in quodam scripto 
indentato et sigillato per eandem Johannam super statum 
factum Nicholao Arney, Simoni Talbot, et aliis per eandem 
Johannam de manerio suo de Wynterbourne Belet et aliis 
terris et tenementis cum suis pertinenciis de hereditate ejus- 
dem Johanne in comitatu predicto, prout monstratum et 
recordatum fuit per predictos Nicholaum et Simonem in 
cancellaria Domini regis virtute brevis ejusdem Domini regis 
eisdem Nicholao et Simoni directi, et primo die Junii, anno 
regni regis Henrici Sexti post Conquestum xxj'"^ returnati 
coram Magistro Johanne Stafford, episcopo Bathoniensi et 
Wellensi, adtunc cancellario predict! Domini regis, sequitur 
in hec verba : 

" Be hyt y-knowe to all maner men that shale hure or see 
thys Bcrite endentid that the wille and the entente of me 



106 

Johane, late wyfe of Sir Richard Arches, knyght, ys pleinely 
and fully as hyt ys y-write here after sewyng, that ys for 
to wyte that there as Robert Derby, esquier, Nicholl' x\rney, 
and Simon Talbot beth y-fefifid and y-seisid yn all my maner 
of Wynterboume Belet and yn all my londys and tenementz, 
rentys, servises, reversions and comunes of pasture wyth the 
appurtinaunces yn Wynterbourne Belet, Wynterboume Houn- 
dyngton, Staford, Kyngston Mawreward, and Wynterbourne 
Kyngeston yn the shire of Dors[et] ; and also there as the 
forseide Robert Derby, Robert Rempston, Nicholl' Arney, and 
Simon Talbot buth y-feffid and y-seisid yn all my maner of 
Wodelond and Knolton wyth the appurtinaunces yn the 
foreside shire, as by diverse dedys endentid to hem thereof 
y-made openly hyt ys declarid, that the forseide Robert 
Derby, Robert Rempston, Nicholl' and Simon shale fynde 
and susteyne and do marie Avice, Isabele, and Alianore, my 
doghtres, wyth the profites and the issues that shale come 
of the forseide maners, londes, and tenementz wyth the appur- 
tinaunces, and yn cas that y dye, Johan Filoll, my sone, 
beyng of full age of xxj. wynter and more, that thenne the 
forseide Robert Derby, Robert Rempston, Nicholl' and Simon 
shale yeve and graunte all the forseide maneres, londes and 
tenementz wyth the appurtinaunces fully as hyt ys compre- 
hendid yn the dedys to hem thereof y-made of my yefte and 
my graunte to the forseide Johan Filoll and hys heires for 
evermore. And yn cas the forseide Johann Filoll die aftyr 
the decese of me or [=before] he be of full age, thenne I wole 
that the foreseide Robert Derby, Robert Rempston, Nicholl* 
and Simon shall ^eve and graunte all the forseide maners, 
londys and tenementz wyth. the appurtenaunces to Avice, 
Isabele, and Alianore, my doghtrys forseide, whenne hy cometh 
to here full age, and to here heyres for evermore. And yn 
caas that the forseide Avice, Isabele, and Alianore dye after 
my decesse, or the forseide Johan, my sone, come to hys full 
age, thenne y wole that all the profytes and issues that shale 
come of the forseide maneres, londys, and tenementz wyth 
the appurtinaunces yn the mene tyme shale be ordeined and 
disposed for the hele and the profite of my soule and the 
soule of Williem Filoll, that some tyme was myne housebonde, 
aftyr the discrescion of the forseide Robert Derby, Robert 
Rempston, Nicholl and Simon. And yn caas that Johan 
Filoll forseide dye or he come to hys full age, Avice, Isabele, 
and Alianore, my doghtres forseide beyng wythynne here full 
age, thenne y wole that all the profites and issues as hit ys 
forseide that shale come of the forseide maneres, londys, and 
tenementz wyth appurtinaunces yn the mene tyme or 
[-— before] hy [=: they] come to here full age shale be do for 
my soule and for the sowle of WilUam Filoll as hyt ys byfore 
declarid. In wytnesse of wheche wrytyng above y-wryte, to 
that other part of this scrite endentid remeynyng wyth the 
forseide Robert Derby, Robert Rempston, Nicholl' and Simon 
y the forseide Johane have sette my seale, and to that other 



106 

parte of the same scrite endentid remeyning wyth me, the 
forseide Johane, Robert Derby, Robert Rempston, NichoU' 
and Simon forseide haveth sette here seales. Thys scryte 
was y-wryte ate Wodelond, on the Soneday next comyng 
aftyr the feste of the Annunciacion of Owre Lady Seinte 
Marie, the viij. yere of the regn3nig of Kyng Harry the 
Fifthe." 

In cujus rei testimonium predicti Nicholaus Arney et Simon 
Talbot presentibus sigilla sua apposuerunt. Datum apud 
Wodelond, in comitatu predicto, quarto die mensis JuHi, 
anno regni regis Henrici Sexti post Conquestum vicesimo 
primo. 

[c. 1425.] — ^Agreement made by the township of Wymund- 
wold [Wimeswould, co. Leicester], with the assent of the 
lords of the manors in the township, for the regulation of 
the common fields thereof ; with interlineations and cancelled 
clauses in a different hand and ink, probably as a revision 
at a somewhat later time. Partly decayed by damp. 

Statut[um] de Wymundwold. 

For ne3th2 pastur we orden Orrow and Breches, Woldsyke, 
and Wylougby-broke,^ for to be broken on Oowchemesseday,* 
and qwoso breke thise, everiche man schall pay for ich a beste 
that may [be] taken in any other severell pastur a peny to 
the kyrke, therfor to go a seveny^tday.^ 

Also, for the nc^t pastur, after that be eten, all the qwete^ 
feld, scilicet Hafdacre-feld namly, save Strete Havedes^ 
ther OS thei may not go for stroynge of korn; thise for to 
endure another seveny^t[da]y, under the peyn befor 
seyde. 

Also, on Holy Thursday even we orden the comyns of the 
Pesefeld for horsses to be broken, an[d] non [o]ther bestes 
to com therinne. For if ther be any man that have any horsse 
that is febull and may not do his werke for faute of mete 
[and this m]ay resonably be knowen, lete hym releve of his 
owen, so that he save his ney3tbur^ for harme, for and any 

1 Although the day upon which these regulations were framed is given 
there is unfortunately no record of the year. The document is written 
upon parchment in a hand of the early part of the fifteenth century. The 
only indications of the date afforded are the names of Sir John Nevill, Hugh 
de Willoughby, and the proctor of the abbot and convent of Beauchief (co. 
Derby), before whom the regulations were made. The three manors in 
Wimeswould were held by Nevill, Willoughby, and the abbey and convent 
(Nichols, Leicestershire y iii., pt. 1, p. 502a). Sir John Nevill of Wimeswould 
occurs as a witness to a deed in 1388-9, 12 Richard II. (Ibid. p. 504a.) In 
1432 his lands in this village were in the hands of his heir {Calendarium 
Inquisitionum post Mortem, iv., p. 146a). Sir Hugh Willoughby, whoso 
father died before 1415 {Testamenta Eboracensiti, i., 381), survived until 
1448 (Ibid, ii., p. 134). 

2 ' neat ' (cattle). 

3 The brook flowing through Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, co. Notts. 
* The feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, September 14. 

5 ' to last for a week ' (se 'night). 

6 ' wheat. ' 

7 ' headlands.* 

8 * neighbour. ' 



107 

man may [q]wLlke bestes lose in korn or in 

gresse, he schall for ich a best pay a peny to the kyrke, and 
make amendes to his [ney^tbur]. 

Also, on Qwysson even^^ everilke man breke his severyll 
gresse os hym lykes, and no man tye his horsse on other 

[hjisse owen ^for to be severyll to 

Lammes, ich man to ete his owen, under ^ the peyn beforseyd. 

Forthermor, if any [man] [plojgli oxen for 

to be releved on his severyll gresse, let hym tye hem on hisse 
best maner ^or hold hem inne,^ os other men don ther 
hors[ses] .... [o]n non other mannes gresse goyng to 
ne fro on brode,* os thei will pay for iche a best a peny to the 
kyrke, and make [amendes] .... to hym that have 
the harm. 

Also, if any man jbye hyse horss ^ or reche * on any 
havedes or be syk^ sydes in to any mannes korn, [he schall] 
make amendes to hym that basse the harme, and for ich a 
fote that iss withinne the korn pay a peny to the kyrke. 

Also, if any man [shall be] taken on nyjttm-tale^ to stroye other 
korn or gresse, he schall be punysched os the lawe wyll, and 
pay fowr penyse to the kyrke. 

[Also,] all maner of men that have any pese in the feld 
qwen coddyng^ tyme comes, lett [them] codde in their owen 
landes^ and in none other mannes [landes]. And other men or 
wymmen that have non peyse of their owen growyng, lett 
hem gedur hem twyse in the weke on Wennessday and on 
Friday, resonably goyng in the land forowes^^ and gederynge 
with their handes and with no sykulse, ones befor none and 
no more, for if any man or womman other that haves any peyse 
of his owen and go in to any other, for ilke a tyme pay a peny 
to the kyrke and lese his coddes, and the that han none and 
gone ofter then it is forseyd, with sykull or withoute, schall 
lese the vessell thei gedur hem in and the coddes, and a peny 
to the kyrke. 

Also, no man with comyn herd ne with sched^^ herd com 
on the wold after gresse be mowen to it [be] maked and led 
away, '^bot on his owe[n],^2 ^^d then lat hem go all togedur 
on Goddes name, and if thei done, ilke a man pay for hisse 
quantite of hise bestes a serten^^to the kyrke, that is for to 
sey a peny for ilke a best. 

I ' Whitsun Eve.' 

--- These words have been subsequently run through with a pen. 

3-3 Interlined, 

* on brode= abroad. 

6-6 Interlined. 

6 ' brook, ditch ' (AS. .sic). 

7 ' in the night-time ' (adaptation of Old Norse d ndttar-lpelif ' in the 
middle of the night '). 

8 ' time for taking the peas out of the cod or husk.* 
8 ' lands ' or ridges of the ploughed field. 

10 ' furrows between the " lands " or ridges.' 

II Apparently meaning a separate (i.e. private) herd (from Old English 
aceddan. Middle EngUsh schede ' to divide, separate '). 

12-12 Interlined. 

13 'a certain, i.e. fixed sum/ from the law Lati{i cerium. 



108 

Also, if ther be any man that throwes^ in any scheves on 
any land for to tye on hisse horsses, he schall make a large 
amendes to hem that hane the harm, and for ich a fote pay 
a peny to the kyrke, ^bot on his owen.^ Forthermor, if any 
man tye his horse in any stubbuU and it be mowen in resonable 
time, schull pay the forseyd peyn. 

Also, if any man may be taken on ny3tturtale in the feld 
with kart or with berynge of any other karyage in unresonable 
tyme %etwene bell and bell 3. pay fow[r]ty pens to the kyrke, 
*save OS thus, if any man in peyse harvest, he and his 
meyne,^ in fortherynge of his werke and savyng of his korn, 
bynd a mornynge or to® [it] be mone schyne, all other werkes 
on ny^tturtale except, save this.* 

Also, all maner laborers that wonnen'' in the town and 
have comyns amonges hus schull wyrke hervest werke and 
other werkes for ther hyre resonable os custum is, and not 
to go to other townes, bot if thei hane® no werke or elles no 
man speke to hem so that they may be excused, for if the 
don, thei schall be chastesed os the law will. 

Also, no man ne wommen that wyrkes hervest werke here 
hom^ no scheves of no mannes ^^bot if thei be gyven hem 
well and truly, ^° for and it may be wyst, for iche a schefFe that 
thei here homm ^^withoute leffe^^ schull pay a peny to the 
kyrke. 

Also, no man ne wymmen glene no maner of korn that 
ys abull to wyrke for is mete and to penys on the day at the 
lest to help to save his ney3tbur' korn ; ne none other gleyners 
that may not wyrke gleyn'on no kynnesse wysse^^ amonge no 
scheves, for and^^ i\^Qi (Jq, thei schull lese the korn [an]d a 
peny to the kyrke for ilke a burdon. 

Also nother comyn herd ne sched herd com ' in the qwy te 
com feld to^^ the korn [be l]ad awey, ne in the pesse corn 
feld on the same wyse to the pese be lad away, and the comyn 
herd and sched herd may go togedur os thei schuld do, in 
peyn of ich a best a peny to the kyrke. 

Also, that no man take away his bestes fro the comyn 
herd fro Mischels tydeto ^ole^*to go in the qwete feld to lese 
the qwete, for and any man may take any best therin, thei 

I The meaning of this sentence is obscure, but it probably means 
that no man shall throw down (place temporarily) upon any ' land ' (that 
is any ridge in the ploughed lands) in the occupation of another man sheaves 
from his own ' land ' or ' lands ' in order to pack them on the backs of his 
horses for transport from the open field. 

2-2 Interhned. 

3-3 Interlined. 

4-4 These words have been struck out. 

^ ' servants. ' 

6 'until.' 

7 ' dwell. ' 

8 'have' (contraction of 'havon'). 
» ' home. ' 

10-10 These words have been struck out. 

II ' in no sort of way. * 

12 -an, if.' 

13 'until.* 

1* ' Yule, Christmas.' 



109 

schall pay for iche a best a peny to the kyrke als often as thei 
may [be] taken stroyng the korn, ^and the hyrd his hire.^ 

^Also, if our heyward pyn a flokke of ne':;t of the contre, he 
schall [take] syx penys, for a floke of schep four penys, and 
for ich a horsse a peny.^ 

And that our wold be leyd in severyll at Kandelmesse, for 
if any hyrde let his bestes com ther on after, pay for ilk a 
tyme four penyse to the kyrke. 

Also, qwo sumever base any leyse^ within the comes, mi 
lord or any man elles, let gar hem* to dele hem oute and 
take a profit of them on Goddus half, and qwo so trespas, 
let make amendes. 

Memorandum, quod statutum erat apvd Wymundwold die 
Martis proxim/z ante festum Sancti Dunstani episcopi coram 
Johanne Nevyll, milite, Hugone de Wyloughby, Willelmo de 
Battedyff, procurator e abbatis et conventus de Bello Capite, 
et communi assensu tocius villate, quod omnia infra scripta 
statuta teneantur et sub pena predicta custodiantur . 24. 

1428, 15 June. — Agreement between Thomas Beaumounte, 
lord of Bakevyle, and William Rychmount of Leycestre, 
* sclater,' whereby the latter undertakes to roof and cover all 
the houses and buildings covered with slates (sclaf) within the 
manors of Overton and Gowteby for the term of twenty 
years, receiving therefore 205. yearly for his stipend. Thomas 
shall give him a gown (toga) of the suit (secta) of his yeomen 
when he shall give gowns to his yeomen, and shall find 
William and his servants victuals and beds when they are 
working on the said buildings. William agrees to remedy 
all defects in the roofs within a week after notice have been 
given to him, laying aside for this purpose all his other occu- 
pations. In case Thomas remove any houses or buildings 
within the manors to any other places or erect new buildings, 
he shall give William a salary (salarium) for the same to be 
agreed upon between them. 

Witnesses : John Danet ; Thomas Hardewyn ; William 
Saunson. 

1428, June 25. — Letters patent of Henry VI. granting to 
William FiloU, by the mainprise of John Jurdon and Robert 
Rempston, of co. Dorset, the custody for twelve years of a 
messuage with curtilage in Baggeruggestrete, in the said 
county, which are in the king's hands by the felony of John 
Cambat, and of a messuage and eight acres of land in the 
same town that belonged to Henry Try bald, lately in the 
king's hands by reason of the minority of Henry's heir, and 
of 1 4 acres of land in the same town, which are in the king's 
hands by reason of Richard Wolf's trespass in acquiring them 

1-1 Interlined. 
2-2 Struck out. 

• ' meadow, lecuow. * 

♦ ' make, cause them.* 



110 

Avithout the king's licence from William White and William 
Trybald, and of that part of a sarjeantry in the same town in 
the hundred of Knolton for which the sheriff of the county 
was wont to render 55. yearly : rendering therefor 205. 
yearly. Waker[ing]. 

By bill of the treasurer. 
Duplicated by the roll. 
[Not enrolled on Patent Roll.] 

Endorsed : Fiant consimiles litere patentes Johanne, que 
fuit uxor Willelmi FiloU infrascripti, de custodia infrascripta 
habenda a festo Sancti Michaelis ultimo preterito usque ad 
finem viginti annorum proximo sequencium plenarie com- 
pletorum, reddendo inde viginti solidos, prout predictus 
Willelmus reddidit, et tres solidos et quatuor denarios ultra 
de incremento per annum ad scaccarium regis ad terminos 
infrascriptos, et sustentando domos, etc., per manucapcionem 
Roberti Veell et Johannis Wodeham, amborum de comitatu 
Dorset. Per Thesaurarium Anglie. 

Domino Cancellario. 

1430, April 16. — Demise by William Alayn, Robert 
Alayn, and Wilham Retheley, of Derteford, co. Kent, to 
Robert Cheseman, of Eltham, and John Lalleford, of Est- 
grenewych, in the same county, of all profits, etc., of the 
ferry (la veriage) over Thames from Pountfreyt,^ co. Mid- 
lesex, to Estgrenewych for seven years, at a yearly rent of 
265. Sd. The said Robert and John shall maintain all bridges, 
wharves (wharf) and other necessaries pertaining to the 
ferry. William Alayn and Robert Alayn and their men shall 
be quit and free in going and returning of ferry-charges (pro 
hatellagio) pertaining to the said ferry. 

1430, June 6. — Letters patent of Katherine, queen of 
England, daughter of Charles, king of France, mother of 
the king of England and of France, and lady of Ireland, 
appointing William Trowtbek, her esquire, constable of 
Rothelan (Rhuddlan, co. Flint) castle during her life, in 
place of Nicholas Saxton, esquire, appointed by the late king, 
as she understands that Nicholas wishes to resign that office. 
Written at her manor of Maideston. French. 

Seal missing. 

1430, July 22.— Indenture recording a gift by Sir Hugh 
Willoughby of a service-book to the church of Tiddeswall 
[Tideswell, co. Derby] . 

" This endentur beres wittnes that Hug' of Wiloby, knyght, 
has deliverd a booke caled " portewos " to the vicar of Tid- 
deswall, Richard of Lytton, William Bradshagh, John of 
More, Robert Wodroff, John of Nedham, forsters, Robert of 
Bagshagh, Robert of Peek, Nicholas Martyn, John Hoylele, 

1 Pontefract, a manor in the parish of Stepney, co. Middlesex. 



Ill 

Richard Aleyn, and William of Bagshagh, in this form, that 
the forseyd book may be abyding in the qwer of the kyrc of 
Tiddeswall for evermore so that Roger Foljam and his wyff 
and hor' [= their] children and Hug' of Wyloby, knyght, 
and his wyff and hor' children mey be preyd for speciale 
everi Sonnenday in the forseyd kyrc at the pulpitt and in 
all other gude preyers in that kyrc don for evermore. In 
wittnes of this thing Hug' of Wyloby, knyght, for his parte, 
OS the twelfe befornamed men for their partes, ilkon for hym 
selfe, has put to his seal. Mad' at Tiddeswall, in the fest 
of Mare Mowdleyn, the 3ere of owr Lorde a thowsand iiij. 
hunderd and xxx." " 24. 

1439, August 7. — Will of William Loudham, esquire, made 
within the monastery of St. John's, Colchester. Body to be 
buried in church of St. Giles, Colchester. The will contains 
several bequests of wearing apparel, etc. An inventory of 
the testator's goods and chattels, made by him on the 
aforesaid day, is attached by the seal fillet. 179. 

1442, January 29. — Probate of will of John Hede, of 
Mapurley [co. Derby]. His body to be buried in the church- 
yard of All Saints, Kyrkhalam [Kirk Hallam, co. Derby]. 
His best beast for his "principal." One pound of wax to 
burn about his body on the day of his burial. He leaves 
^Od. to the assembly of his friends on that day. Residue 
to Alice, his wife and executrix, who shall ordain for his soul 
and children as she shall deem fit. Supervisor, Sir Richard, 
rector of the church of Westhalam [West Hallam, co. Derby]. 

Witnesses : Sir Richard, rector of All Saints, Westhalam ; 
Sir Thomas Wodehall, chaplain ; John Wynster, " parkere " 
of the same. 

1443, September 15. — Testament of Sir Hugh Willughby, 
noticeable for amount of plate bequeathed. It is printed 
from the York registers, in Testamenta Eboracensia, ii., p. 130. 
The following schedule is pinned to it : 

" Thyse ben the parcellys that John Brewod had of Maister 
Byngham. 

In primis the scheriffez of Coventre hath a stondyng cupp 
of sylver and gylt. Item a salt seller, the wrethis gUt. Item 
xj. sponys of sylver. Item left at Notyngham at the Grey 
Freris a basyn of sylver, a charger of sylver, ii. pottygerz 
[== porringers] of sylver. Item a cuppe of sylver and gylt. 
Item j. peyr scheitz of fyne holandez. Item v. napkynz of 
diaper werk. Item Robert Broun, of Leycetir, mercer, had 
of the same John vj. platerz of sylver, vj. dyschys of sylver, 
iiij. sawserz of sylver, iiij. flat pesys of sylver. The somme 
of iiij'^'^ ouncez weight, which were sold for ij5. wd. the 
ouncez {sic). The which I schuld have the some of x. Ii., 
there of the said John resceved x. marc ; of the which x. marc 
the said scheriffez have xxxiiJ5. iiijfi. in golde. 



112 

Item a sadill and bridill with the harnes, price xs. 

Item a swerde, price iij<s. ui]d. Item a dowblet of fens cost 
cost (sic) xxxs. ])at was boght of Robert Broun his broyer,i 
of Leycetyr. Item a Frenche hat, price iiJ5. iiijd. Item a 
peir tabyls with the case, price i]s. Item a ryng of golde 
with a crapot, 2 price xHiJ5. iu]d. Item Prestwod of Leyceter 
brake away fro my gyrdill a dager, price iiJ5. iiijc^. Item he 
brake a purse with a spone of sylver and xx5. of money, iij. 
ryngez of golde, price xiiiJ5. Item a cloke price vs. iiij^. 
John Blakwyn, of Leyceter, goldesmyth, had a pott of 
sylver, the price vj. marc and a pece of silver, price of ij. mark 
or xl5. : of the which I receved xxxiiJ5. iiij^. in mony and the 
ring of golde with the grapot^ for xliiJ5. iii]d. 

Item the goldsmyth be the Cokk in Leycetyr had ij. 
sawsers of sylver and ij. flatt pece of sylver, the price xk. , of 
the which xl5. I boght a doubelet, the price u]s. . . . 
ipeyr schetz pe price vJ5. Yu]d., a Sprewse cofer, price iiiJ5., 
the which is left with Robert Broun [his] brodir of Leyceter. 
Item left a pair of schetz in my chamber at Notyngham, Ipe 
price u]s. Item I boght a gown the which I have apon, 
pe price . . , Item left at the Gray Frerys a syde gown 
furryd with blak lambe, a gren gown, a wodknyf, a schert 
and kerchyf." 24. 

1445, September 9. — Will of John la Zouche, knight with 
bequests of annuities to his servants. All issues of his lands 
to his wife Margaret for her life. " Item volo, quod sepulcrum 
meum fiat cum lapide marmorio altitudinis competenter, in- 
serto cum duabus ymaginibus de laton\ una videlicet de uno 
milite armato et alia de una domina, et arcus fiat super idem 
sepulcrum de maeremio, secundum ordinacionem et disposi- 
cionem mei predicti Johannis. Item ordino et dispono unum 
librum missale, unum portoforium Usus Sarisburiensis, unum 
vestimentum dominicale et aliud vestimentum feriale cum 
calice pro celebracione divinorum in capella Sancti Petri 
infra ecclesiam coUegiatam Beate Marie de Southwell. Item 
volo, quod die sepulture mee collacio fiat de cibis et potubus 
servientibus et tenentibus meis tantum, secundum ordina- 
cionem et disposicionem executorum predictorum." Execu- 
tors referred to as being named in his testament.^ Several 
requests to his feoffees regarding bequests, disposition of his 
lands, etc. On a schedule attached to the will by the seal- 
fillet occur the following : 

" Item I bequethe to William Chaworth a hole armure, 
the whiche is att Notyngham, and an armynge swyrde. 

Item I bequethe to John Dedyk a pavuse* of meyll, a brace ^ 

1 That is, ' brother. ' 

2 A precious stone. See New English Dictionary, a.v. ' crapaud. ' 

3 See pp. 113, 114. 

* ' pavis,' O. French pavoia, a kind of shield. 
^ Armour for the arm. 



113 

of meyll, ij. cussues^ of meyll, a pyson^ of meyll in the suyte 
of the pavuse, and a swerde. 

Item I bequethe to Sir Richard Hill an haburgen of Melen 
[= Milan] calde a gesorant,^ and a palett, a pyson of 
meyll, an axe, and a swerde. 

Item I bequethe to my wiffe a bevere furre, the whiche 
is in my syde goune, with all the remelantz* of furres in all 
my cotes. 

Item I bequethe to John Dedyk my grene goune with the 
furre. 

Item I bequethe to Sir Richard Hille my sangwyn goune 
withe the furre and the seide syde goune. 

Item I bequethe to Elizabeth Chaworth my Scarlett goune 
with the furre and a gilte pece callyd ' the rose,' the whiche 
was gyffen unto her moder atte her maryage. 

Item I bequethe unto my wyffe the pece whiche I drynke 
off. 

Item I bequethe unto Richard Byngham a rose pece, the 
which Sir Thomas Chaworth gaffe to me. 

Item I bequethe to myn auter [= altar] in the collegeall 
kyrke of Suthwell ij. fyallz of sylver with a paxbreyde of 
sylver, a messall and a portowos, the whiche the Lorde Zouche 
gaffe me. 

Item I bequethe a portowos ^ to the chapell of Seynt 
Antony withinne the manor of Kyrkelyngton. ^ 

Item I wille that my ij. greyles^ be solde and that with the 
money commynge thereof be boght a missall and that giffen 
to the seyde chapell of Seynt Antony, there to abyde for 
evermore. 

Item I bequethe to John Mellynge a goune of russett. 

Item I bequethe to Rafe Judde a frysed goune. 

Item I bequethe to the kyrke of Haryngworthe® xiiJ5. iiijc^. 

Item I bequethe to Rafe Barre a goune of russett." 

[Here follows a request to his wife to permit his feoffees 
to carry out his directions concerning the issues of the lands 
in COS. Hertford, Suffolk, Kent, Hants and Wilts that they 
have of his feoffment, as she had joint estate with him in 
the said lands]. 

" Writen in the feste of Seynt Laurence, the xxiiij. yere of 
Kynge Henry the Sexte, kynge of Englond." 

There is also preserved the draught of Zouche's testament, 
dated on Tuesday after Michaelmas, 1433 [altered to 9 
September, 1445] leaving his body to be buried in the colle- 
giate church of Sothwell in the place agreed upon between 
him and the canons. His best horse and armour for his 

^ Armour for the thighs. 

2 A gorget. See New English Diet. s.v. ' pisane.* 

3 A coat of mail. See New English Dictionary, s.v. ' jazerant.' 
* Remnants. 

^ A portiforium or breviary. 

Kirklington, co. Notts. 

7 Grails, gradalia, the service book so called. 

^ Harringworth, Northants. 

M8 



114 

" principal." Twelve torches to be burned about his body 
on the day of his burial, which are to be held by twelve of 
his servants on the outside (exterius) [altered to twelve 
servants called " hynes]," each of whom shall receive I2d. 
To each priest of the college and chantry present at his 
exequies [altered to " who shall happen to be present at his 
exequies "] I2d., and the hke sum to each Friar Minor and 
Carmehte similarly present, and 6s. 8^. to the friar preaching 
there. Executors : Sir Richard Hill, rector of Bylsthorp 
[crossed oufl, Richard Byngham, [Richard Hill, clerk, added], 
John Leeke of Halome [and John Martyn of Newerk, added]. 
His wife Margaret supervisor of will [originally also brother 
Roger Gomfrey]. 

1446, Nov. 23. — Letters patent of Henry VI. committing 
to John Fillol, by the mainprise, before the barons of the 
exchequer, of William Frampton, of Bukland, co. Dorset, 
gent., and of Thomas Bate of Foley, co. Warwick, gent., the 
custody for ten years of a messuage in Baggeruggestrete,^ co. 
Dorset, in the king's hands by the felony of John Cambat, 
and of a messuage and eight acres in the same town that 
belonged to Henry Tribald, in the king's hands by reason of 
the minority of Henry's heir, and of 14 acres of land in the 
same town in the king's hands because Richard Wolf 
acquired them without royal licence from William White and 
Wilham Tribald, and also of that part of a serjeanty in the 
same town in the hundred of Knolton, for which the sheriff 
of the county was wont to render 5^. yearly : rendering there- 
for 235. 4d. yearly. Brigge. 
By bill of the treasurer and of the date aforesaid. 
By the authority of parliament. 

1450, July 13. — Will of John Willoughby, esquire. 

" In Dei nomine, amen. The xiij. day of July, the date of 
oure Lorde M^ CCCCL. I, John Willughby , sqwier, in gude mynde 
beyng, seyng and felyng the fraylnes of mankynde, make and 
ordeyn my testament in this maner of wyse. First, I beqweth 
my saule to GodAlmyghti and to his moder oure Lady Saynt 
Mary and to all the holy cumpany of Heven, and my body 
where that it be plesyng to God. Also I beqweth all my guddes 
wiche my fader beqweth to me be his lyve and all other, 
meveabull and unmeabull, unto my lady my moder aftur 
hir singuler disposession, except that I will that ix. of my 
brether and systers iche on of hem have x. marc and my 
brother Robert xx. marke of plate. Also I will that my 
cosyn John Inggelby, son and ayer to Sir W^illiam Inggelby, 
kynght {sic), have my white horse and my jacke. Also my 
felowe John Shipton for to have my dubbelet of mayell, my 
stomager of mayell, and a salet.^ Also I make my worshipfull 
fader in lawe Richard Byngham, justys, and my brother Robert 

1 Baggridgo, parish of Horton. 

2 A * salade,' an iron headpiece. 



115 

of Willughby, sqwier, m}^! executoures of this present 
testament that thei dispose, execute, and perfourme all maner 
of thynges therein contend to the pleasure of God Almyghti 
and my saule hele." 

1473, May 27.— Will of Ralph Wenyngton [? of Basford, 
CO. Nottingham], His body to be buried where he shall die. 
Executors : Robert Wyllughby, esquire, of co. Nottingham, 
Henry Wyllughby, his son and heir, and Joan, the testator's 
wife, who are requested to cause his debts to be paid, among 
which are specified lOs. to Thomas Tu, rector of the church 
of Wolloton, for the board (mensa) of his wife, 205. to his 
brother Christopher Wenyngton, 4:1. to Sir John Mason, 
rector of Normanton. For the payment of his debts and 
expenses the tenement lately acquired by him in Baseford 
shall be sold, if need be. The executors are to permit 
Isabel, his wife's mother, to receive 135. 8^. from Baseford 
mill for life. He desires Robert and Henry Willughby to 
be good masters to him and especially to his mother and 
wife in all things. He declares that 135. are due to him 
at this time from the said mill, and that Ralph Greene 
owes him 45. and Henry Mason ow^es him 85. " Hiis testibus : 
Domino Georgio, vicario ecclesie parochialis Sancti Dunstani in 
Occidentali parte civitatis London', videlicet juxta Novum 
Templum London', Johanne Lyngard, in cujus hospicio in 
infirmitate mea pro tempore nunc laboro, Henrico Wyllughby 
predicto semper cum me tempore visitacionis mee predicte 
existenti, et similiter Galfrido Staunton, capellano, tempore 
scrip ti hujus presente." 24. 

1473, November 24, — Indenture between John, lord Aude- 
ley, knight, and William Fyllol, son and heir of John Fyllol, 
and Margaret, late his wife, of covenants concerning a 
marriage between the said William and Elizabeth, second 
daughter of the said lord. Signed " J. Audeley." 

[1477.]^ — Answer of Dame Margaret Byngham, widow, 
Herry Willugh[by], esq., Thomas Barre and others com- 
prised in the bill of complaint of Edward Gray, knt.. Lord 
Lisle, concerning an alleged breach of the park of Drayton 
[Drayton Bassett, co. Stafford] by Thomas Barre and other 
servants of the said Dame Margaret and Sir Herry Willughby, 
which they deny. As to the hunting and chasing in the 
ground that the said Lord calls " Banglay Chace " [Bangley, 
parish of Tamworth, co. Stafford], Sir Henry says it is a great 
waste ground called in the country " Drayton Owtewodes,'* 
and he claims that it is adjoining to the manor of Middelton 

1 Undated. A draught of it is also preserved, which refers the assault 
to Wednesday before Micliaelmas in the seventeenth year [of Edward IV.]. 
According to tlie seventeenth century endorsement the date is 1 Henry 
VII. Edward Gray was created Lord Lisle in 1475, Viscount Lisle in 1483 , 
and died in 1492. The fight is placed at Weoford Bridge [co. Stafford], 
by Leland, Itinerary, iv, p. 115. 



116 

[Middleton, co. Warwick], of which the said Dame Margaret 
is seised. He alleges that his servants chased game in the 
manor of Middelton by licence of Dame Margaret and that 
they followed a deer out of the said lordship into the waste 
ground called " Drayton Owtewodes " : this is the alleged 
breaking of Lord Lisle's chace. He denies that Lord Lisle 
has a chace in the said waste ground or any other chace in 
the County of Warwick called " Bangley Chace." 

" And more over, to )?e iii^® and iiii^^ article, they seyn 
l?at [)?e] said Herry Willughby and o]?er his servauntz in 
j?e noumbre of Ix. persones beyng singly arrayed, )?e Wednes- 
day in ]?e said bill surmysed^ hunted in Sutton ^ Chace in 
any office o)?er called )?e Hilwod by Ipe lycens of William 
Barklay, esquiere, )?an Master of ]>e game in ]>e said Chace, 
havyng with theym fe keper of fe seid office, not purposyng 
or thinkyng to ony person mahce or evill will, but be lycens 
of ]?e said Master and Keper takyng hede of ]?e sporte and 
game ; the seid Lorde Lisle, sette in mahcius purpos ayenst 
>e seid Herry Willughby, ]?e same day at Drayton Basset 
aforseid assembled, raysed, and gedered to hym dyvers and 
mony rioturs and evill disposid persons to ]?e noumbre of an 
hundreth and moo, and at Tomworth^ caused )>e belles of 
fe cherche to be rungen owkeward,* to lf>e entent to arays 
moo people, ayenst ]?e kynges lawes and peace, to distroye 
>e said Herry and his servauntz, the which mysdowers and 
o]?er people soo arrayed as ryotures and brekers of )?e 
kynges pease arrayed in maner of warre, fat es to say with 
Jakes, dobelettes of defence, brigonderes, salettes, bowes, 
arrowes, swerdes, billes and ofer wappans and abilimentz 
of warre, by fe comaundement, supporte, excite and com- 
fort of ]>e seid Lorde Lysle, purposyng to slee, murdre, and 
utterly to distroy fe said Herry Willughby and his said 
servauntz in maner and forme aboveseid, the seide Wednes- 
day come of fote frome Drayton aforsaid ayenst fe evyn tyde 
to a place nygh to Hilwodde aboveseid and in a long lane 
fast by Canwell^ layd theim in dyvers busshementez® to fe 
intent )>at on fe nyghtertale' in fe same lane in goyng home 
of ]>e said Herry, for so muche as it was his hyeway home, 
they myght than and fer have sette uppon hym to execute 
and complusshe^ )?er seid malicious and cruell purpos. And 
ayen, fe evyn of fe same day, when ]?e said Herry and his 
servauntz had drenked and refresshed theym at Canwall, 
not knoyng nor thynkyng of any such ymagynacion or purpos 
of hes distruccion, and ij. of his said servauntz, weryed for 

1 Wednesday before Michaelmas, in the 17th year [of Edward IV.], 
that is 24 September, 1477, according to the draught. 

2 Sutton Coldfield, co. Warwick. 

3 Tam worth, co. Stafford. 

* ' awkwardly,' in an irregular manner. 

6 Canwell, co. Stafford. 
^ * ambushes. ' 

7 * at night. ' 

8 * accomplish.' 



117 

labor, toke ther jornay to goo afor tham lf>e said mysdoers 
assued oute uppon theym and shotte arrees [read arroes] 
fast at thame and drofe thaym bake with arrowes unto ]>ei 
come to lf>e said Herry, ]?er Master, the said mysdoers than 
cryeng and shoutyng with a grete voce uppon them * thei 
flee,' and ]?e said Henry, understondyng hym selfe bisette 
on every sied, stode with his servauntz and deffended hym 
selfe ; never ye leesse the seid mysdoers than and )?ere soore 
horted and wondyd dyvers of his servauntz, and on Thomas 
Pymne, on' of ]>e same his said servauntz, than and ]?er 
felonsly slewe, and had not bene fe grace of God, thei had 
bene slane and distroyed everyche one. And if any harme 
than fell unto any of ]?e servauntz of ]?e saide Lorde Lysle, 
it was of lf>er awn grete and greves assent and in ]?e deffence 
of fe seid Herry and o]?er as farforth as thai cowde savyng 
theire lyves, wyth out j^ai warre^ gyl^y of any felony " 236. 

1479, April 4. — Letter of fraternity of the Friars Minor, 
Nottingham. 

In Christo sibi karissimis^ Thome of the Hede et Margerie, 
consorti sue, frater Johannes, Fratrum Minorum Notinghamie 
gardianus et servus, salutem et per presentis vite merita 
regna celestia provided. 

Cum sanctissimus in Christo pater et dominus, dominus 
Sixtus, divina providencia, papa Quartus, non [solum] fratri- 
bus et sororibus nostri ordinis, sed et confratribus et con- 
sororibus ejusdem, litteras suffragiales habentibus, de benig- 
nitate apostolica graciose concesserit, quod quilibet eorum 
possit sibi elegere {sic) idoneum confessorem, qui ipsos et 
ipsorum quemlibet ab omnibus et singulis criminibus, exces- 
sibus et peccatis in singulis sedi apostolice reservatis casibus 
semel dumtaxat hoc anno, a publicacione litterarum papalium 
computando, videlicet a quarto die mensis Aprilis, et semel 
in mortis articulo, ab aliis vero tociens quociens opus fuerit 
absolvere et penitenciam salutarem injungere possit, idemque 
vel alius confessor plenariam omnium peccatorum eorundem 
remissionem in vero mortis articulo valeret elargiri, per lit- 
teras suas apostolicas benigne indulc[erit]. Idcirco, vestre devo- 
cionis,quam ob Christi reverenciam ad nostrum habetis ordinem, 
sincere considerans affectum et acceptans, vos in confratrem 
et consororem, et ad universa et singula fratrum adminis- 
tracionis Anglicane suffragia recipio tenore presencium, in 
vita pariter et in morte, ut dictis apostolicis privilegiis 
omniumque bonorum spiritualium beneficiis, secundum 
formam et effectum eorundem, perfruamini, animarum ves- 
trarum ad salutem ; adiciens nichilominus, ut cum post obitus 
vestros presencium facta fuerit exhibicio litterarum in nostro 
provinciali capitulo, eadem pro vobis Ret recommendacio, 

1 ' without their being. ' 

2 The names are written in different ink from the rest of the docu- 
ment, which was evidently drawn up with blank spaces for the names. 



118 

quam pro fratribus nostris defunctis ibidem fieri consuevit. 
Valete in Christo Jesu ! 

Datum Notinghamie, iiij.*° die Aprilis, anno Domini mil- 
lesimo CCCC^^ lxxix«. 24. 

Another letter of same date to the Hke effect in favour 
of Richard Hede. 24. 

[c. 1480.] — Depositions regarding riotous conduct of Edward 
Gray, Lord Lisle. 

" Testes producti per Dominum Henricum Willughhy. 

Richard Gascon', of WoUaton, 1. yere, sworne and 
examened, seith that about August last past, what dey he 
knoweth not, he was at Not[ingham], when and wher he se 
the Lourd Gray entre in to Not[ingham] with the nowmbur 
of a C. personnes arraied in defensible wise, slcilicef] jakkes, 
briganders, trussyng cotes, about 1. of them, to what entent 
this deponent knoweth not ; nevertheles the dey befor this 
deponent se and herd a servaunt of the Lourd Gray, callid 
W. Croker, come to Wollaton and seid, in the name of the 
Lourd Gray, to Sir Herre Willoby that the Lourd Gray send 
hym to Sir [Herre] Willouby to warne hym not to come to 
Not[ingham] to the Sessions, for if he did, he sliuld com' on 
hLs own jeper[die]. Also oon Richard Wodborn, servaunt 
to the Lourd Gray, come, about Estre or Lent last passed, 
come (sic) to Wollaton on horsbak, with a longe speyr' in 
his hand and oon man with hym, and inquired for Sir Herre 
Willoby to have spoken with hym, seyinge thies wordes to 
Richard Cursun : ' If he be with in, bid hym come out and 
speyk with me.' And when he understond that he was not 
with in, he departed, and rode to Bramcot Hilles,^ wher ley 
a bushment^ of his company to the nowmber of xl. or 1. ; 
and all this he sei, and for fere of this My Lady Moder toke 
such sekenes that she is not lik to recover. More of this bille 
this deponent knoweth. And also he seith that John 
Strilley, Thomas Thurlond, and Richard Cursone wer not at 
Tauton^ the xxv. day of February last past, for Strilley and 
Cursone were with My Lady Willoby that dey, and Thurlond 
was at his own place, as he herd sey. More he knoweth. 

John Hilterston, of Not[ingham], marchant, sworne and 
examened, seith that about February last past he was at 
Wollaton, when he se a servaunt of the Lourd Gray come to 
Sir Herre Willoby, and, as the comen rumor in that hous 
was, that then the Lord Gray send hym word that he shuld 
not come at Not[ingham] apon his own perell. And also he 
se when Wodborne come to Wollaton sith* Cristemas and 
enquired for Sir Herre Willoby to have spoken with hym, 
and when he understod his absence, he departed and rode 

1 Bramcote Hill, adjoining Wollaton, co. Notts. 

2 ' ambush. ' 

8 Toton, parish of Attenborough, co. Notts. 
* ' since, after. * 



119 

towerd Bramcote Hilles, wher, that the comen rumor was 
in all that toun, ley a grete bushment of his company about 
a C. persons in hemes. Also he seith that about Lent last 
past he se when the Sheref of Not[ingham] yef possession 
in pessible wise to Wodborn and Sharpels, servauntes to 
the Lourd Gray, in his name, of the howsis that longeth to 
a chaunterie of the fundacion of Richard Willoby. Mor he 
knoweth not. 

Herre Sye, of Wollaton, husbondmon, tenaunt of Sir Herre 
Willoby, sworn and examend, seith that he was at Wollaton 
when, as the comen rumor was in the hous of Sir Harre, that 
a servaunt of the Lourd Gray come to Sir Herre, and warned 
hym not to come at Not[ingham] at the Sessions appon his 
own perell. Also he seith and agreith with Richard Gascon 
apon the comynge of Wodborne to Wollaton, and his seyinge 
ther, and his departynge in every thynge. Moreover, he 
seith that now in late sith the enemete^ betwen the Lourd 
Gray and Sir Herre Willoby, the same Lord Gray hath 
comen to Not[ingham] at divers Sessions with grete[r] com- 
pany then he was wonte o)?er while, with a C. persons and 
above, some hernesd and some without. Also he seith that, 
as he herd say, Wodborn and o)>er servauntes to |?e Lord 
Gray in his name enterd possession by force at Not[ingham] 
of serten tenementes longynge to a chaunterie of the fun- 
dacion of Sir Herre Willoby. And also he seith that John 
Strelley was with the Lade Lye on that tyme when the Lourd 
Gray surmisid hym to have be at Towton, for this deponent 
se hym ther then. And Thomas Thurlond, as he herd sey, 
was at his owne place that dey, and also no|>er of them wer 
at Maunsfeld as is surmisid in the bill of the Lourd Grey, for 
they both that dey wer with the Lade Lye. More he 
knoweth in that mater. 

Syr Herre Belshaw, chaunterie preste of Sent Anton' at 
Wollaton, sworn and examened, seith that bitwen Cristmes 
and Candelmas at the last was twelmoneth, Robert Torlaton 
and Roger, his son, servaunt to the Lord Gray, accompanyed 
with ij. other persons with bill, axe, staves breke open the 
dore of ij. stabels and tenturs^ of xvJ5. rent lyinge in 
Not[ingham] and entered, and so continued by the mayn- 
tenance of the Lourd Gray, the which stabels and tenters 
longeth to the chaunterie of Sent Antonie. And after that 
the seid Robert and Roger, sithen Cristmas last, entered iij. 
shoppes at Not[ing}iam] in the name of the Lourd Gray, 
belongynge to the chaunterie of Sutton Passes, and, as he 
herd sey, they entred with force, and so continue in posses- 
sion. And also sithen the enemete^ bitwen the Lourd Gray 
and Sir Herre, the seid Lord Gray hath comen to the sessions 
to Not[ingham] with grett[er] company then he was wont to 
do, and arraied in jakkes, brigandirs, gestrons,^ as (sic) bowes, 

1 emenete, MS. 

2 ' tenements.' 

8 Coats of mail. See New English Dictionary, s.v. ' jazerant,* 



120 

arowes as he herd say, to what entent he can not tell, never- 
theles he herd his company report that if Sir Herre come 
theder, he shuld come apon his own perell. Also he seith 
that he was at Wolaton when, as hit was reported, ther 
come a man fro the Lourd Gray, and seid to Sir Herry 
Willoby that if he come to Not[ingham], he shuld come apon 
his owen perell. And as for the comynge of Wodborne to 
WoUaton, his wordes ther and maner of departyng, he agreith 
with John Gaston by herynge sey. Also wher it is surmisid 
by the Lourd Gray that Richard Cursone, John Strilley, 
Thomas Thurland shuld have be at Tawton and Mauncefeld 
with Sir Herre Willoby, he seith that the dey Cursone and 
Strilley wer at Wollaton and Thomas Thurlond was at his 
owen place as he herd sey. 

John Sye, of Not[ingham], yoman and burges, sworn and 
examened, seith that a delyverance at Not[ingham] holden 
about Lent last Lord Gray come to Not[ingham] with gretter 
company then he was wont ; how they wer araid he can not 
depose, nether to what entent, but as he thenketh for malace 
of Sir Herre Willoby, and Herre Willoby breke ano)>er hedge 
at Towton no)?er or (sic). Also he seith that Asliton ne]?er 
Cursone nor Strilley wer nej^er at Towton ne|?er at Mauncefeld 
with Sir Herre Willoby, as is surmised by the Lourd Gray. 
Also he seith that ther is no howse brenned^ inHorsley^, ne)?er 
broken in Mauncefeld, ne}?er hedges broken in Towton, for 
this deponent sithen that hath be in all thies placez. More 
this deponent knoweth not in this mater." 236. 

1486, May 4. — Agreement between Dame Margaret Legh, 
Henry Willoughby and Richard Willoughby, esquires, her 
sons, on the one part, and Sir John Babyngton, knt., William 
Zowche and Rauf Saucheverell, esquires, on the other, wit- 
nessing that whereas the said Richard Willoughby wrong- 
fully took away and married Jane, late the wife of John 
Saucheverell, against her will, as she says, she having made 
a pre-contract with the said William Zouche, as he and she 
allege, it is agreed that if the said William or Jane will sue 
in Court Spiritual before a competent judge against the said 
Richard to have a divorce according to the law of Holy Church 
between him and the said Jane, Richard shall appear to shew 
his interest in the premises and to obey the judgment without 
appeal. Dame Margaret is thereupon to pay to William 
Zouche and Jane 201., and a further 23 marks at the feast 
of the Ascension and 24 marks, to be paid in the chapel 
of Our Lady within the monastery of the Holy Trinity, 
Lenten. 236. 

1486, October 2. — Agreement between Edward Grey, 
knight. Viscount Lisle, and Elizabeth, his wife, on the one 
part, and Henry Willoughby, esquire, of the other, for the 

1 ' burnt.' 

2 Horsley, co. Derby. 



121 

marriage of John, son and heir of Henry, to Anne, daughter 
of the viscount and Dame EHzabeth, with very lengthy and 
numerous conditions. 

1488, August 4. — Draught agreement between Dame Mar- 
garet, late the wife of Sir Peter Legh, knight, and John 
Marmeon, gent., and Thomas Wyldycotes, gent., concerning 
the performance of several conditions about a marriage 
between Dame Anne, Lady Clynton and Say, and Richard 
Willughby, son of the said Dame Margaret. 236. 

1489. — Grant of fraternity to Anne, Lady Clinton and Say, 
and Richard Willoughby, her husband, with the Friars 
Preachers of Derby. The capital letters of the deed are 
picked out in red, and there is a somewhat elaborate initial. 

Devotis et in Christo Jesu sibi dilectis domine Anne 
Clynton et Say et Ricardo Wyloghby, armigero, viro ejus, 
Frater Robertus Jacsone, prior conventus Ordinis Fratrum 
Predicatorum Derbei, salutem et augmentum continuum 
celestium graciarum. 

Exigenti vestre devocionis effectu, quem ad nostrum 
habetis ordinem et conventum, vobis omnium missarum, 
oracionum, predicacionum, jejuniorum, abstinenciarum, vigili- 
arum labore, ceterorumque bonorum, que pre[dicti] fratres 
nostri conventus dominiis (sic), fieri dederit {sic), universos (sic) 
participacionem concedo tenore presencium specialem, in vita 
pariter et in morte. Volo insuper et ordino, ut, post decessus 
vestros, anime vestre fratrum tocius conventus oracionibus re- 
com[m]endentur in nostro conventuali capitulo, si vestri ibidem 
obitus fuerint nunciati, et injungantur pro ipsis misse et 
oraciones, sicut pro fratribus nostris defunctis fieri con- 
sue vit. 

In cujus rei testimonium sigillum officii mei presentibus 
est appensum. Data Derbei, anno Domini millesimo CCCC "° 
octuagesimo nono. 24. 

Seal missing. 

1489, January 2. — Copy of will of John Alfegh, concerning 
his lands in Kent. 179. 

1489, April 2.— Will of Sir Henry Wyllowghby, knt. His 
lordships of Gownthorpe, Lowdam, and the profits of the 
" colpyttis " of the lordship of Wolaton, in the county of 
Nottingham, to be charged with the sum of 1,000 marks for 
the marriages of his three daughters, " Marg[ar]et, Jane, and 
Dorathe." To his son Edward his lands, etc., in Nottingham, 
Lent on, and Radford, and also all the land purchased by 
the testator in Myddelton and Dunesby, after the decease of 
the testator's wife " Marget," for the term of the said 
Edward's life ; the surplus over the cost of the " fy[n]dyng " 



122 

of the said Edward to remain in the " Abbe " of Lenton 
in a coffer under four locks until he come of age. All lands 
that the testator had of the feoffment of " my lady my graunt 
dame Marget Byngham " to remain in the hands of the 
feoffees of his will, except the lordship abovenamed, to the 
use and " fy[n]dyng " of his said " grauntdame," for the term 
of her hfe so long " as sche kepeth her soir,"^ and [of] John 
Marmeon until the testator's son John come to the age of 
20 years. The lands held by his mother " Dame Marget 
Lethg', " for term of her life are to be charged, after her death, 
for the performing of this will. The rents of his lands to 
be equally divided between his sons John and Edward when 
they attain the age of 20. An annuity of 51. out of the lord- 
ship of Wyken to his brother Richard Willughby and " my 
lady is wyffe," for their lives. An annuity of 40^. out of 
the lands of Whitnasshe to his " cossyn " John Marmeon, for 
his life, " with that, as my truste is ]?at my seyd cossyn be 
loffyng and kynde unto my wyffe and scheldyr' and indever 
hym to see my will performyd and execute." Money accru- 
ing to testator from Lord Lysle by reason of the marriage of 
testator's son John to go to the performing of this will. The 
sum of 90/. owing by " my aunte Sherley " by reason of the 
ward of Thomas Walley to go to the performing of this will. 
Also the 25 marks owing to him by " my lorde of Duddele[y]." 
Executors : " Marget Wylloghby " his wife, John Styrley 
[= Strelley], his brother, Sir John Paxson, " Sexten of the 
Clows of Lychefeld," John Marmeon, and Thomas Slade. 
Supervisors : George, earl of Shrewsbury ; Edward, viscount 
Lisle ; and his father in law, Robert Marlam [sic]. 236. 

1491, September 19. — Agreement between Sir Thomas 
Burgh, knt., Sir Edward Burgh, knt., his son, and Thomas 
Burgh, esq., his brother, on the one part, and Sir Harre Wil- 
lughby, knt., on the other, whereby Sir Harre agrees to 
marry Elizabeth, Lady Fitzhugh, daughter of the said Sir 
Thomas Burgh, before the feast of the Nativity of Our 
Lord ; in consideration of which Sir Harre agrees to settle 
upon her as jointure lands in the counties of Lincoln or 
Nottingham to the yearly value of 100 marks. He also agrees 
to settle lands now purchased or to be purchased in the coun- 
ties of Lincoln, Nottingham, Leicester, Northumberland, 
Warwick, Derby, Cambridge, Huntingdon, Norfolk, Suffolk, 
Hertford, Essex, Stafford, Buckingham, or Rutland to the 
annual value of 100/. in the hands of trustees for her to 
receive a moiety thereof after his death for the term of her 
life, the other moiety to go to the performance of his will 
until such times as their heirs attain the age of 21. 236. 

1491, November 26. — Copy of inquisition post mortem of 
Gervase Clifton, knt., who died 12 May, 1491. Robert 

1 ' sole,' unmarried. 



123 

Clifton, clerk, son and heir, aged 30 years and more. Manor 
of Clifton, Notts., value 201. yearly. Manor of Wilford, 
Notts, value 201. yearly. Manor and soke of Hoddesake, 
Notts, value 40Z. yearly. 236. 

[Calendar of Inquisitions post Mortem, Henry VI I., i. p. 
299, no. 714.] 

1492, September 10. — Agreement (part and counterpart) 
between Jane, " Viscountas Lisle, late the wife of Edward 
Grey, Viscount Lisle," and executrix of his will, and Sir 
Henry Willoughby, knight, concerning the jointure of Anne, 
the viscount's daughter, lately married to John Willoughby, 
son and heir of Sir Henry. 236. 

[1493]. — " In the name of the most blessed Fader, Son and 
Holy Gost, I Henry Willughby, knyght, purposyng, by the 
grace of Almyghty God, to goo with the Kyng my Soveraign 
Lord on his roiall viage in to the parties of Scotland, and 
for almoch {sic) that hit hath been oftetymes seen that gret 
inconveniencise and troble hath been betwixe frendes aftur 
the decesse of thair ancestres and frendes for defaute and 
not makyng of thaire last willes, I therfore the seid Henry 
do ordeigne and make this my last wille in maner and 
fourme folowyng. First I besette my sowle to Almyghty 
God and to his Blessed Moder Saj^nt Mary and to all Sayntes 
of Heven, and my body to be buried in Cristen manys buriall 
wher hit shall please God. Forthermore I will )?at after my 
decesse there shal be goyng yerely v. colepittes beside the 
levell pitte in the lordship of Wollaton duryng the nonage 
of my son and heir, wherof I will that my executouris shall 
perseyve and take the profettes duryng the seid nonage of 
my seid son and heire to the performance of this my will." 
His executors to receive the revenues of all the lands of which 
he has enfeoffed them until his heir come of age, when they 
are to make an estate of the same to him, excepting the lands 
and tenements purchased by him in Lichefeld, Middelton, 
Donnesby, Torlaton, Lowdam, and Haconby, of which they 
are to stand enfeoffed for the use of his son Edward. His 
daughter Margaret to have for her marriage 500 marks clearly, 
besides her " fyndyng." His daughter Dorothe to have for 
her marriage 400 marks clearly besides her " fyndyng." To 
Margaret Nuthall, " ser vaunt to my lady my Graunt Dame," 
an annuity of IO5. from his lands in Coventry. His executors 
to pay yearly 37Z. to " Johan', Vicountes Lisle," according to 
indentures made between her and the testator dated Sep- 
tember 10 "in the yere aforesaid " [8 Henry VII.], out of 
the revenues of the manors of Wymondeswold, Cosyngton, 
Broughton, and Cropwell, co. Leicester, and Wyllughby and 
Bradmere, co. Nottingham. His executors shall " sufficiently 
fynd " his son and heir John and Anne, his wife, out of the 
said manors until he come to the age of eighteen. [Imper- 
fect.]- 236. 



124 

1494, January 2. — Copy of will of John Trenchard, esquire, 
made " eo quod propono peregrinari, gracia Dei juvante, ad 
lerusalem et alia loca peregrinacionis." Manors of Wolveton, 
Colwallys, Dorchester, Fordyngton, Bere, Bestwalle, Stoburgh, 
Holcombe, Deverellescombe, Fyiehede Quyntyn, Childokef orde 
and Wymborne Mynster, co, Dorset, Suthtauton, co. Devon, 
manors and lands in Normanton, Ambesbury, Lake, Cotes, 
and Swalclyf, co. Wilts, Hordhull, Walop', Fifhede, Gorleton, 
Wolhampton, Milton, Sople, Avene, and Milforde, co. 
Southants, Walrend Trencharde, Sharnhill, Chesthill, Caris- 
broke, Nuport, Sutton, Horyngforde, and Atherfylde, Isle 
of Wight. Feoffees and supervisors of will : Henry Strang- 
ways, WilHam FyloU, William Martyn, John Wyke, and 
Thos. Moleyns. 236. 

1494, April 8. — Letters Patent appointing Robert Rede, 
Serjeant at Law, to be one of the King's Serjeants at Law. 

236. 

1497, April 26.— Will of Thomas Thurland, esquire, of 
Gamston. In English. [Abstract in Testamenta Eboracensia, 
iii, p. 185. note]. 24. 

1498, November 17. — Grant from John Hylston, Prior of 
the Monastery of the Holy Trinity of Lent on, and the con- 
vent of the same to Henry Willoughby, knight, and John 
Willoughby, his son and heir apparent, of the office of 
steward of their manor and fairs of Lenton ; to hold the 
same for the term of their lives after the death of Thomas 
Lovell, knt., and John Babyngton, knight, who have a grant 
of the same for the term of their lives. The prior and con- 
vent agree to pay to the grantees 405. yearly for the 
execution of the said office. 

Fine impression of seal of Lenton Priory. 

1500, September 18. — Grant by Brother John, abbot of 
Citeaux, in the diocese of Chalons, to Sir Henry Willouby, 
knight, and the Lady Elizabeth, his wife, of participation in 
the prayers, etc., of the order, in consideration of their 
affection for the order and especially of their love for and 
services to the abbot and monastery of Fountains, in the 
diocese of York. 24. 

1501, April 18. — Probate of the will of Roger Bagshawe, 
of Pentrych [co. Derby], containing bequests of tenements. 

In Dei nomine, amen. Anno domini M'™° quingentesimo 
primo, videlicet xviij*^. die mensis Aprilis, ego Roger us Bag- 
shawe de Pentrych, compos mentis et sane memorie, eger 
tamen in corpore, condo testamentum meum in hunc 
modum. In primis lego animam meam Deo Patri omni- 
potenti, Beate Marie et omnibus Sanctis, corpusque vero 
meum ad sepeliendum. ubi Deus disponit. Item lego nomine 



126 

principalis mei meum optimum animal. Item do et lego 
tenementum meum in Pentrych, cum omnibus pertinenciis^ 
suis, abbathie de Derlegh post mortem Helena, uxoris 
mee, imperpetuum. Item do et lego tenementum meum in 
Mappurley, cum omnibus pertinenciis^ suis Helene, uxori 
mee, et quatuor pueris meis, ut vendatur, et precium inde 
receptum inter omnes eos racionabiliter dividendum. Resi- 
duum vero bonorum meorum superius non legatorum do et 
lego uxori mee et pueris meis. Item ordino et constituo Radul- 
phum Calton et Helenam, uxorem meam, meos veros executores, 
et Nicholaum Shyrley meum supervisorem, ut ipsi ordinent 
et disponant pro salute anime mee prout ipsis melius vide- 
bitur expedire. Hiis testibus, vicario de Pentryche, Hum- 
frido Halle, vicario de Bolsover, Henrico Hall, et multis aliis. 
[Proved before Philip Agard, doctor of canon law (decretorum 
doctor), commissary-general and principal sequestrator of John, 
bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, in St. Werburgh's church, 
Derby, 10 May, 1502.] 

1505. — Letter of fraternity of Thomas Honyter, master or 
warden of the chapel and hospital of Holy Trinity, Walsokyn, 
in the diocese of Norwich and the brethren and sisters of the 
same, in favour of Mr. John Wyllughby and Anne, his wife. 
The letter is printed on parchment in black letter, with 
occasional paragraphs in red, and with a woodcut in red 
representing Christ crucified between the two thieves. 24. 

1506. — Letter of fraternity of Thomas Norton, knight, 
master of Burton St. Lazars of Jerusalem in England, and 
the brethren of the same in favour of Edward Whyte. 24. 

1506, May 12. — Acknowledgment by Thomas Hobbys, clerk, 
of the receipt from John Wylloughby, of co. Nottingham, 
esquire, of the sum of 5/., " in parte payment of his fine made 
and yeven to the kinges grace for his pardon to be releasid 
from th'ordre of knighthod of the Bath at the creation of 
my Lord Prince Henry." 236. 

1506, November 3. — Similar receipt for a further sum of 5l. 

236. 

1507, May 1. — Similar receipt for 5?. in full payment of fine. 

236. 
1507, August 25. — Agreement between Sir Henry Wyllough- 
by, knt., and Anthony Fitzherbert, gent., whereby Sir Henry 
agrees that his daughter Dorothe shall marry the said Anthony 
before Michaelmas, and he agrees to make a sufficient estate 
in law to Henry Fytzherbert, Anthony Babyngton and William 
Wymondesold, as feoffees for the use of the said Anthony 
Fitzherbert and Dorothy, of the manors of Carleton upon Trent. 
Carleton neigh Gedling, and Carcolston, co. Nottingham, 

1 perten-t MS, 



126 

and of his lands in Sutton-upon-Trent, South Marneham, 
North Marneham, Normanton upon Trent, and Estwayte 
[Eastwood], together with the ferry-boat, water, and fishing 
at Carlton upon Trent and Gedling, Notts. [Two copies.] 

236. 
1508j June 23.— Will of Sir Henry Willoughby, knt., in 
English on paper with alterations, and signature of testator. 
Executors : His son, John Willoughby ; his son in law, 
Anthony Fitzherbert ; and John Marmyon and Sir Thomas 
Southron, priest. Overseer of will : Edmund Dudley, esquire, 
councillor to the King. 236. 

[1511], September 8. — Letters of the signet of Henry 
VIII. to Sir Henry Willoughby, ordering him to prepare for 
war as many men as possible on his lands, and to certify 
the king's secretary of their number. 

" Henry R. By the king. 

Trusty and welbiloved, we grete you welle. And allbeit 
that we nowe of late, by th'advice of oure councell, directed 
oure speciall commissions for mustres to be made in all and 
every the shyres and contreys of this oure realme, entending 
therby to putt oure subgiettes in good arredynes of warre 
for the defence of oure said royalme when the caas should 
require, yet nowe we perceyve by credyble reapporte that 
by those meanys of mustres we cannot be so speedely and 
sufficiently provyded of so many hable men well harnessed, 
ne so assuerdly certyfied of the nombre of theym as by 
special certificate to be made unto us by you and others of 
this oure realme, to whom we have directed oure semblable 
lettres, of suche and as many as by you and they me severally 
shalbe put in arredinesse within oure awne landys, auctorities, 
rowmes and offices. In consideracion wherof, we wol and 
desyre you that, with as convenient diligence as goodly maye 
be done, ye not only prepayre and put in suche arredines 
for the warre as many able men as maye be had, wel harnessed, 
within youre said landes, auctorities, rowmes and offices, but 
also make certificate to the right reverend fader in God oure 
right (sic) counsayllour the bishop of Duresme, our secretary in 
the special tie, of suche nombre as by you shalbe prepayred 
and provyded by the furst daye of Novembre next commyng ; 
forseing alweyes that ye nether prepayre ne take any personnes 
for the warre but oonly suche as bee your awne tenauntes or 
inhabitauntes within any office that ye have of oure graunt 
or of the graunt of any other person or personnes or com- 
mynaltie, not being tenauntes or officers, to any other person 
or personnes havyng semblable commaundment, havyng 
auctoritie by oure like lettres according to the pourport and 
tenour of the same. Ascertaynyng you that by thes oure 
lettres we entendyng not to revoke the auctoritie yeven unto 
oure commissioners for the takyng of musters, but that the 
commissions hertofore passed and herafter to passe for that 



127 

pourpose shalbe put in effectuell execusion accordingly, thes 
oure lettres notwithstanding. 

Yeven undre our signet at our castell of Warwik, the 
viij^*" day of Septembre. 

[Addressed :] To oure trusty and welbiloved knyght for 
oure body Sir Henry Willughby." 24. 

1512. — Letter of fraternity in favour of Sir Henry Wil- 
loughby and his wife, granted by the prior provincial of the 
Carmelites in England, printed in black letter on paper, with 
an engraved border and initial representing the Virgin Mary 
with the infant Saviour in her arms. The words here printed 
in Italics are written in ink. 

Frater Robertus, fratrum ordinis Beate Marie genetricis 
Dei de Monte Carmeli in provincia Anglie commorantium 
Prior provincialis et servus, dilectis nobis in Christo Domino 
Henrico Wyllow':f)y et Domina (sic) Helena (sic), uxori sue, 
salutem et per brationum suffragia regna celestia promereri. 

Devotionem sinceram, quam ad nostrum habetis ordinem, ob 
Christi reverentiam et gloriose Virginis Marie matris Ejus, 
cujus titulo idem ordo noster specialiter insignitur, diligentius 
attendentes et in Domino commendantes, quo ad ea precipue, 
que salutem continent animarum, quantum cum Deo possumus, 
vobis vicem cupimus refundere salutarem. Sciant cuncti 
Christi fideles, quod sanctissimi in Christo patres et domini 
Adrianus Secundus, Stephanus Quintus, Sergius Tertius, 
Johannes Decimus, Johannes XJndecimus, Sergius Quintus, et 
Innocentius Quartus divina providentia, ob reverentiam Beate 
et gloriose Virginis Marie, Carmelitarum ordinis specialis 
protectricis et patrone, omnibus Christi fidelibus vere penit- 
entibus, confessi et contritis, litteras confraternitatum predicti 
ordinis recipientibus, tertiam partem omnium peccatorum in 
Domino misericorditer relaxarunt. Insuper, et Julius Secundus 
singulas indulgentias a suis predecessoribus Romanis ponti- 
ficibus dicto ordini nostro concessas confirmavit, approbavit 
et innovavit, ac de novo omnibus Christi fidelibus vere 
penitentibus, contritis et confessis, litteras ejusdem ordinis 
nostri recipientibus triginta annos et totidem quadragenas de 
injunctis eis penitentiis misericorditer in Domino relaxavit. 
Nos itaque, vestram singularem devotionem pensantes, omnium 
missarum, orationum, jejuniorum, vigiliarum, predicationum, 
abstinentiarum, indulgentiarum, laborum, ceterorumque bono- 
rum omnium, que per fratres nostros in dicta provincia con- 
stitutos misericorditer operari dignabitur dementia Salvatoris, 
tam in vita quam post mortem, participationem perpetuam 
vobis concedimus per presentes. Adjicientes nichilominus et 
de speciali gratia concedentes, ut cum obituum vestrorum 
memoria in nostro provinciali capitulo fuerit recitata, idem 
pro vobis fiet quo ad universa et singula quod pro fratribus 
nostri ordinis defunctis communiter ibidem fieri consuevit. 



128 

In cujus rei testimonium sigillum nostri provincialatus officii 
presentibus est impressum. Datum in conventu Goventrie, 
anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo xij. 

Per me Fratrem Th. Vicars. 
Summa indulgentiarum a diversis Romane 
pontificibus confratribus et sororibus pariter et 
benefactoribus Sancti ordinis de Carmelo litteras 
recipientibus concessarum ascendit ad numerum 
quinque millium et viginti trium annorum et 
octuaginta dierum. 24. 

Traces of seal at foot. 

1512, March 27.— Copy of will of Sir Henry Willoughby, 
knt., (repeating to a large extent his will of 23 June, 1508). 

236. 

1512, April 30. — Indenture made between King Henry 
VIII. and Sir Henry Willoughby, " Knight for hys Body," 
whereby the said Sir Henry is retained to do the king service 
of war in the company and under the rule and conduct of 
Thomas, Marquis of Dorset, the Lieutenant-General of the 
army to be sent to the Duchies of Gascoyne and Guyen, the 
said Sir Henry to be Master of the Ordnance and Artillery. 
Sir Henry covenants to have in his retinue for the said service 
836 able men, including himself, defensibly arrayed, for whom 
he is to receive pay as appointed in the indentures, dated 
May 1, 1512, between the king and the marquis of Dorset. 
Sir Henry is to have for his retinue lieutenants and " peti- 
capitanes " under him, wages, money for coats, conduct money 
from their houses to the seaside, shipping and re-shipping. 
He is to make his " moustres, vyeues, and re vy cues." 236. 

1512, July 6. — Indenture made at Fountraby, witnessing 
that Thomas Marvyn, " Porser of a shippe called ' the John 
Avangellist' prested for the portage of Ixxiiij. tonus and 
charged frome London with the kynges ordenaunce for the 
behoffe of his armee hether prepared and sent " under the 
command of Thomas, Marquis of Dorset, has delivered to 
Sir Henry Willoughby, knt., Master of the Ordnance, all the 
ordnance according to the said purser's indentures. For the 
ordnance so delivered, he has received from Sir William 
Sandes, knt., treasurer of the wars for the said Army, one 
whole month's wages, victuals and " tundage," accounted from 
June 10th to July 7th, the sum of 12/. 75. 2d., " lyke as was 
prested and payd for other twoo monthes byfore." Signed 
by " Thomas Brod, Master," and " Thomas Marvyn, Porser." 

Another indenture of same date witnessing that Richard 
Nycols, " Purser of a ship of Plymmouth callyd ' the James 
Ilcombe' prested for the portage of iiii^^ tonnes " for the 
same purpose as the preceding, has similarly delivered the 
ordnance in his charge and has received a month's wages, 
victuals and " tundage " for the same period amounting to 
12/. 145. 2d, 



129 



W ix^ Ixxxxiiij, 
xxvj. 
xxxiij. 

xl. 



of iron 



cc. 



X. 



** Ordenaunce and Artyllary receyved out of the James 
Ilcombe, of Plymmouth, at Fountraby. 
In primis in bylles 
Item chestes of bowes 
Item chestes of arowes 
Item oon baryll of owyll [^oil] 
Item in stones for curtalles^ 
Item xviij. barelP of gonpowdir 
Item marespykes [= marlingspikes] 
Item oon short coffer with boltes and pynes 
Item oon hoggyshed of talough 
Item oon hoggyshed of cresset lyghtes 
Item iij. sowes of lead 
Item hakbusshes [= arquebuses] . . 
Item oon hundreth pellotes [^= bullets] for ]?e same 
Item ij. barelles of candelles 
Item iij. payr of lymmars^ . . 
Item iij. curtowes^ with their cartes 
Item iij. serpen tynes with their cartes 
Item cartwhelles 
Item axelltrees 

[Added in another hand :] 

Here affter foleweth suche arttelary as was delyveryd onto 
Master Marlon [= Morland] att Hamton. 
Item yn chestys of bowes . . . . . . . . v. 

Item yn chestys of arroys . . . . . . . . xvij. 

Item yn barryllys of gonpoder . . . . . . vj. 

Item iij. fawconys 

Item in hacbossys . . . . . . . . . . x. 

Item a barryll of bowstrynges 
Item delyveryd unto Master Dycby a sow of lede 
and a mole [= mould] for gonys." 

" Ordenaunce and Artillary receyved at Fountraby out of 
the James of Suffold [= SouthwoldJ. 
In primis hakbusshes . . 
Item chestes of arowes 



xxvuj. 

XV. 



Item chestes of bowes 

Item marespykes [= marlingspikes 

Spades and shovylles 

Item pykeaxes. . 

Item in scowpes 

Item crowes of iron 

Item heggeyngbylles 

Item hewyng axes 

Item long bylles 

Item iij^ pellotes of lead 

Item oon barell' of bowstrenges 



cxlij. 

vj. 

cxxv. 

cc. 

xlvij. 

xxvij. 

XX. 

c. 



XXIX. 

|C 



VI]* 



XXI]. 



1 Short-barrelled cannons. See New English Dictionary, a.v. ' Cur- 
tal,' II. 

2 ' limbers, ' detachable fore-parts of the carriage of a field gun. See 
New English Dictionary, s.v. ' Limber, sb. 1.' 

- M9 



>» 



130 

Item viij. payre of cartewhelles 
Item half a barelF of gonpowdir . . 

Artyllary receyved out of the same ship at passage : 
Item spades and shovylles . . . . . . . . c. 

Item pykaxes . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 

Similar indenture of same date witnessing that Adlard 
Donaby, " purser of a ship called ' the George ' of Lyne, 
prested for the portage of Ix. tonnes," has delivered the 
ordnance committed to his charge, and has received for a 
month's wages, victuals, and " tundage," as above, the sum 
of 8Z. 195. 2d. Signed by Donaby. 

" Delyvered by me Adlard Donaby, Porss[er] of |?e George 
of Lyne, unto )?e handes of Edmond Westcot fro J^e xxij. day 
of Juyne unto the xxx. day of ^e same month as aperyth 
herafter : 
In primis in horsse harnnys . . . . . . clxxxvj. 

Item in gonpowder . . . . v last and ix. barelles. 

Item in cart whelles . . . . . . . . . . xx*^ 

Item a cheste with boltes and lynchpyns for cartes 
Item bodyes of cartes . . . . . . . . iij- 

Item in horsshawmes [= horse-hames, collars] . . xviij. 

Item ]?e crow with all th'apparyll 

Item l?e gret crane, wyantinge iij. peces that is in 

the Jamys of Sothwolld 
Item a chest with yerne wyark for |?e same 
Item XX. by lies ]?at wyas delyverd out of )?e Mary 

Wyallsyngham at Southamton . . 
Item lanterns . . . . . . . . . . . . xxiiij. 

Item a sake [=:sack] with nay lies and iiij. cressettes. 
Item a chest with bowes and a noder of arowes 
whyche wyas delyverd out of ]?e John 
Evangelyst at Southamton 
Item lewars [= levers] . . . . . . . . xx^* 

Item V. sowes [= pigs] of lead 

Deljrverd to Sir Morys Barkley ij. barylles gonpowder at 
Sowthamton at )?e commandment of Master Morland, |?e xxj. 
day of May. Item more to Master Morland ij. b[arell]es gon- 
powder. Item delyverd to My Lord Marcos, ]?e xxiiij. day 
of May, ij. cressets. Item, ]?e same day, to Master Decby v. 
pesses tembar [= timber] for a pa vy lion. 

Per me Adlard Downaby, Porss[er] of the George of Lyne. ' ' 

236. 

1613, June 2.— Will of Sir Henry Willoughby, knt. 236. 

1513, November 10. — Agreement between Wilham Grey, 
of Woode Bevyngton, co. Warwick, gent., and Thomas Corfe, 
of Erdyngton Halle, in the same county, yoman, Robert 
Corfe, his son, and Alianore, wife of the said Robert, for the 
marriage of Laurence, son of the said William Grey, by the 
advise and oversight of Edward Capull, esquire, and William 
Wallys, of Ledbury, gent., with Anne, the daughter and 
heiress of the said Wilham Wallys. (Much faded.) 236. 



131 

1516, February 11. — Will of John Bragebridge, of Kyn- 
nesbury, esquire. Executors : Mr. Thomas Wenloke, Vicar 
of Kynnesbury ; and Henry Karyngton ; " Seear " John 
Wyllughby, esq. Separate will attached regarding the dis- 
position of his lands. [Prob. at Lambeth [blank] day of 
September, 1516.] 236. 

1517, August 22. — ^Will of Simon Dygby, of the county of 
Warrewyk. Body to be buried in the chancel of the church 
of Colshull " under neth the Sepulcre." Executors : Row- 
lande Dygby and Alice, wife of testator. [Proved at 
Lambeth, April 19, 1520.] 236, 

[1518], August 25. — Letters of the signet of Henry 
VIII. to Sir Henry Willoughby appointing him a captain to 
raise and equip soldiers, notwithstanding the Statute of 
Retainers. 

'- H.R. By the king. 

Trusty and welbiloved, we grete you well. And albeit that 
by our grete studie, labour and policie, we have peax and 
amitie with all outwarde princes, by reason wherof this our 
reame and subgiettes of the same bee establisshed not oonly 
in quiete and welthy condicion, but also in good ordre, yet 
forasmoche as to good policie it apperteigneth in tyme of 
peax to provide and forsee remedies against warre whan the 
same shall fortune ; we therfor, entending the conservacion 
and contynuance of our said reame in semblable restfulnes 
and good peax, for our honour and the suertie of us and of 
all our subgiettes of the same, have, by th'advis of our 
counsaill, thought right, expedient and necessarie to depute 
and assigne a good nombre of hable captans, our subgiettes, 
and to licence the same, by our lettres of placard auctorised 
by act of parliament last holden at our paloys of Westminster, 
to retaigne a good and competent nombre of our subgiettes 
and the same to put in aredynesse, conveniently horsed and 
harneissed, to doo unto us service as wel within this our reame 
as ellis where at our wages, whansoever and as often as we 
shall require and commaunde thaym soo to doo, without 
daungier or penaltie of any statutes or ordenaunces heretofore 
made against retaynours in that behalf. In consideracion 
wherof we, having assured trust and confidence in your 
fidelitie and true mynd towardes us, have elected and chosen 
you to bee oon of thoes whom we entende to licence to 
retayne in fourme above specifiede : wherfor we wol and 
desir yow t'ascertaigne our secretary by your waiting, by 
Alhalowtyde next commyng, what nombre of hable men, horsed 
and harneissed, to doo unto us service whan the caas shal re- 
quire as above, ye maye and wol provide and put in aredynesse 
and also endent with us for. Upon knowleage wherof we 
shall not oonly graunte unto you our sufficient licence by 
our lettres of placarde to retaigne the said nombre without 
daungier or perill to ensue, either to you or to the personnes 



132 

soo by you to be retaigned, but also endent with you for 
the same accordingly. Willing and desiring you in suche 
wise t'ordre yourself in the premisses as we maye therby 
perceyve the towardly mynde ye have to doo unto us 
acceptable service. 

Yeven undre our signet, at our manour of Grenewiche, the 
XXV. day of August. 

[Addressed :] To oure trusty and welbiloved knight for our 
body Sir Henry Willoughby." 24. 

1518, February 22. — Letters of signet of Henry VIII. 
for safe-conduct for John Willoughby during pilgrimage to 
Compostella, etc. 

" Henry, by the grace of God, King of England and of 
Fraunce and Lord of Irland, to almaner our officers, ministres, 
and subgiettes, as well within this our reame and at our 
towne and merches of Calays as elleswher under our 
domynyon and obeissaunce, thies our lettres hering or seing, 
greting. 

We late you wite that by thies presentes we have licenced 
our trusty and welbeloved John' Willoughby, squier, to departe 
at this tyme oute of this our said reame unto Saint James 
and other holye places in the parties of beyonde the see, for 
the performaunce of certain his advowes and pylgremages 
ther : wherfor we wol and commaunde you and every of you 
to whome in this caace it shall apperteigne to permytte and 
suffre the said John' Willoughby, with fyve servauntes and 
six horses ambeUng or trotting in his companye, to passe 
by you with almaner his and their bagages and necessaries 
liefuir, without any your unlawful!' serche, lett or inter- 
rupcion to the contrarye, as ye and every of you tender our 
pleasere. 

Yeven under our signet at our Gas tell' of Wyndesore, the 
xxij. daye of February, the ix**» yere of oure reigne." 236 

1518, October 11. — Copy of inquisition post Mortem of 
Guicherd Harbotell, late of Proudowe, [Prudhoe, parish of 
Ovingham, co. Northumberland], esquire, who died 9 Sept., 
1513. His son George, of the age of 10 years and over, is 
his heir. 236. 

[1518 ?]— Petition from Sir Henry Willoughby, knt., to 
the king praying for a grant of the wardship of the lands, 
etc., of the late Guychard Harbotell, of Beamysshe, co. 
Northumberland, esq., and of his heir, George Harbotell. 

236. 

[1518 ?] — Agreement between Margaret, Lady Ogle, and 
Sir Henry Wylloughby, knt., concerning the wardship of 
George Harbottell, with signatures of the two parties. 236. 

1518-19. — Estreats of the Sessions of the Peace at 
Warwick. -*271. 



133 

1519-20.— The like. 271. 

1519-20. — Estreats of the Court held before the Justices 
of the Peace at Leicester. 271. 

1519, January 27. — A letter of fraternity of the Guild of 
St. Mary in the Church of St. Botulph, Boston, ^ printed by 
Richard Pinson in black letter on parchment. The initial 
letter encloses an engraving of the Virgin Mary with the infant 
Christ in her arms. The parts written in ink in this letter 
are here printed in Italics. The orthography of the 
original is preserved. 

Universis et singulis Cristi fidelibus presentes litteras 
inspecturis, nos Alderraannus et Camerarii Gilde seu Con- 
fraternitatis in honore Dive Marie Virgin is in Ecclesia 
Sancti Botulphi de Boston, Lincoln, diocesis, institute, salutem 
in Omnium Salvatore. 

Universitati vestre innotescat, quod felicis recordationis 
Nicolaus Quintus, Pius Secundus, Sixtus Quartus, Innocentius 
VIII. , Julius Secundus, necnon sanctissimus in Cristo pater 
et dominus noster, Dominus Leo hujus nominis Decimus, 
divina providentia, Papa modernus, plures veras et notabiles 
indulgentias utriusque sexus dicte Confraternitatis sive Gilde 
confratribus, presentibus et futuris, ad quos onus susten- 
tationis septem sacerdotum et xij. puerorum divina officia 
in dicta ecclesia quotidie celebrantium et administrantium, 
necnon xiij. pauperum, aliorumque nonnullorum onerum 
quotidie accidentium spectat, misericorditer et gratiose con- 
cesserunt, prout in Apostolicis ipsorum Uteris, ad quas nos 
referimus, plene continetur. 

In primis, quod omnes utriusque sexus confratres dicte 
Gilde, presentes et futuri, sibi presbiterum idoneum, — id est, 
per interpretationem Leonis X. Pape moderni, rite promotum, 
nuUis censuris ecclesiasticis publice irretitum^ — secularem vel 
regularem in eorum possint, et quilibet eorum possit, eligere 
confessorem, qui, vita eis comite, in casibus Sedi Apostolice 
reservatis semel in vita et in mortis articulo, in aliis vero 
quotiens oportunum fuerit, confessionibus eorum diligenter 
auditis, pro commissis eis debitam absolutionem impendere et 
injungere penitentiam salutarem ; quodque idem, vel alius 
confessor ydoneus, quem ducerent eligendum, omnium pecca- 
torum suorum, de quibus corde contriti et ore confessi fuerint, 
etiam semel in vita et tam in vero mortis articulo, quam 
etiam quando de eorum morte hesitari contigerit, etiam si 
tunc mors non subsequatur, plenariam remissionem concedere ; 
ecclesiasticos etiam, qui per impotentiam, negligentiam , 

1 It may be noted that an imperfect printed broadside of dispensation 
and privileges in English of the Guild of Our Lady of Scala Caeli in the same 
church, about 1505-10, is preserved in the Sandars Collection at Cambridge 
(C. E. Sayle, Early English Printed Books in the University Library^ Cam- 
bridge, i., p. 62). 

2 'public cirretitum, original. 



134 

oblivionem, et corporis debilitatem, vel librorum defectum 
aut alias, de injunctis eis penitentiis ac divinis offitiis, vel 
horis canonicis quicquam omiserint, ab hujusmodi excessibus 
et delictis, quotiens oportunum foret, absolvere ; ac juramenta 
quecunque, sine alicui juris prejuditio relaxare ; et vota 
quecunque ultra marina^ liminum Beatorum Apostolorum 
Petri et Pauli, ac Sancti Jacobi in Compostella necnon, castitatis 
et religionis votis dumtaxat exceptis, in alia pietatis opera 
leviora commutare ; necnon super quacunque irreg\daritate a 
sententia canonis vel hominis contracta, preterquam ratione 
bigamie vel homicidii voluntarii, in foro conscientie dum- 
taxat, dispensare possit et valeat. 

Item quod quilibet confrater super altare portatili, in locis 
etiam non sacris ac etiam ordinaria auctoritate interdictis, 
per se ipsos qui presbiteri sint, et tarn ipsi quam ceteri non 
presbiteri per alium presbiterum ydoneum secularem vel 
regularem in eorum et cujuslibet ipsorum ac familiarum 
suorum domesticorum presentia, etiam antequam illucescat 
dies, circa tamen diurnam lucem — id est, per interpretationem 
Leonis Decimi, statim post horam tertiam medie noctis — 
[divina] celebrare seu celebrari facere, illaque audire, et eis 
interesse, necnon tempore interdicti hujusmodi Eucharistiam 
ac omnia et singula alia sacramenta ecclesiastica, etiam in 
locis interdictis hujusmodi, sine alicujus prejuditio, recipere 
et administrare ; et si eos, aut eorum aliquem, tempore hujus- 
modi interdicti ab hac luce migrare contigerit, dummodo hujus- 
modi interdicto causam non dederint, corpora eorum eccles- 
iastice sepulture sine funerali pompa tradi libere et licite 
possint ; nee cuiquam confratrum, quacunque morte moriatur, 
ecclesiastica sepultura hujusmodi denegari valeat. 

Item idem sanctissimus pater Leo X. decernit (sic) et 
declaravit, omnes et singulos utriusque sexus Cristi fideles, 
qui in singulis quartis et sextis feriis et diebus Sabbati totius 
anni, vel in earundem feriarum aut dierum aliqua, non solum 
predictam Sancte Marie, sed etiam aliquam aliam capellam 
seu ecclesiam, ubi eos moram trahere contigerit, quam eorum 
quilibet pro tempore duxerit eligendam, devote visit averint, 
et semel Orationem Dominicam cum salutatione angelica ac 
Simbolo Apostolorum orando recitaverint, vel missas i (sic) 
Beate Marie, etiam si illam pro tempore ampliorem seu 
latiorem fieri contigerit, aut alia capella seu ecclesia eligenda, 
hujusmodi superaltari vel altaribus ad hoc tunc ordinatis, 
seu ordinandis, per seipsos, si presbiteri fuerint, vel alios 
presbiteros pro eis et aliis vivis, aut etiam per modum 
suffragii pro animabus defunctorum in purgatorio existentium, 
qui per caritatem Cristi unite ab hac luce decesserint, cele- 
brari fecerint, et pro manutentione et sustentatione dictorum 
et aliorum eidem Confraternitati incumbentium onerum 
manus adjutrices porrexerint, quotiens id fecerint, non solum 
ipsas indulgentias et peccatorum remissiones pref atam Capellam 

1 marino, original. 



135 

*' Scalam Cell " nuncupatam, sed etiam Ecclesiam Sancti 
Johannis Latranensis de dicta urbe, quando ibi stationes 
prefate celebrantur, visitantibus et in illis celebrantibus et 
celebrari facientibus pro vivis aut mortuis concessas con- 
sequi, necnon eisdem defunctis in purgatorio existentibus 
ipsa plenissima indulgentia concessa celebrantibus seu cele- 
brari facientibus, ut prefertur, per modum suffragii pro 
plenaria peccatorum expiatione et penarum relaxatione 
suffragari, ac plenariam peccatorum remissionem, quam 
capellam predictam Beate Marie Virginis in Assumptionis 
et Nativitatis Beate Marie devote visitantibus, et ad 
supportationem onerum predictorum, juxta eorum devot- 
ionem, manus adjutrices porrigentibus, ut prefertur, concessit 
ab omni prorsus pena et culpa fuisse et intelligi debere esse 
concessam. 

Item quod omnes et singuli confratres predicti utriusque 
sexus, presentes et futuri, qui quamcunque ecclesiam sive 
capellam, in locis ubi eos residere contigerit, in Resurrectionis 
sacramenti corporis Christi, Pentecostes, et Sancti Michaelis 
Archangel] in mense Septembris festivitatibus, in prima 
Dominica Quadragesime, ac ipsarum festivitatum, et prime 
Dominice octavis, devote visitaverint, et ibi Orationem 
Dominicam cum salutatione angelica hujusmodi recitaverint, 
vel si absentes a civitate vel diocesi Lincolniensi fuerint, et 
elemosinas erogaverint, vel Orationem Dominicam cum salu- 
tatione hujusmodi recitaverint, quotiens id fecerint, ut pre- 
mittitur, omnium et singulorum peccatorum suorum remis- 
sionem consequentur (sic). 

Item quod omnes et singuli confratres et consorores, et 
eorum parentes defuncti, qui cum caritate decesserunt, in 
omnibus precibus, suffragiis, elemosinis, jejuniis, orationibus, 
missis, horis canonicis, disciplinis, peregrinationibus, et ceteris 
omnibus bonis qui fiunt, et fieri poterunt, in tota universali 
ecclesia militanti et omnibus membris ejusdem, participes 
sint et efficiantur. 

Item quod predicti confratres et consorores Quadragesi- 
malibus et aliis jejuniorum temporibus seu diebus, quibus 
esus lacticiniorum de jure vel consuetudine est prohibitus, 
ovis, caseo, butiro, lacte, et aliis lacticiniis libere et absque 
conscientie scrupulo, carnibus vero de consilio utriusque 
medici, uti et vesci possint. 

Item quod omnes et singuli Cristi fideles, cujuscunque dig- 
nitatis, status, aut ordinis fuerint, qui Camerarios prefatos, 
aut eorum substitutos, ad premissa adjuvarent, Cristique 
fideles ad porrigendas manus adjutrices dicte Confraternitati 
et ut se in ilia conscribi faciant induxerint, quotiens id 
fecerint, quingentos annos indulgencie consequantur. 

Item quod indulgentie, peccatorum remissiones, facultates, 
et indulta predicta sub quibusvis suspentionibus vel revoca- 
tionibus quarumcunque indulgentiarum facultatum, privi- 
legiorum indultorum per Sedem predictam, etiam in favore 



136 

Basilice principis Apostolorum de Urbe aut Cruciate contra 
infideles, aut ecclesiarum domorum fratrum ordinis here- 
mitarum Sancti Augustini in dicto regno Anglie existentium, 
et pro reparatione earum hactenus quomodolibet factis, vel 
faciendis, nullatenus comprehendantur, sed ab illis semper 
excepte ; et quotiens illas et ilia revocari, suspendi, modificari, 
restringi, seu reduci contigerit, totiens in pristinum et eum 
statim sicuti nunc sint reposita, restituta, et reintegrata 
censeantur et existant. 

Item mandatum est, auctoritate Apostolica, universis et 
singulis reverendissimis ac reverendis patribus archiepiscopis, 
episcopis, ac eorum officialibus quibuscunque, necnonrectoribus, 
vicariis, capellanis, et aliis quarumcunque ecclesiarum 
ministris quibuscunque, ut Aldermanis [et] Camerariis dicte 
Confraternitatis pro tempore existentibus, seu eorum depu- 
tatis, circa coUectionem annuam debiti supradicti a con- 
fratribus dicte Confraternitatis, ac receptionem novorum 
confratrum opem et auxilium prebeant. 

Item quod quilibet confrater omnium et singulorum 
indultorum, privilegiorum, indulgentiarum, et concessionum 
dicte Confraternitati sive Gilde concessorum particeps 
imperpetuum efficiatur. 

Nos igitur Aldermannus et Camerarii antedicti, quibus hec 
faciendi tributa et commissa est potestas, dilectum nobis in 
Christo Thornam WUlughhy, armigerum, et Brigittam uxorem 
ejus intra nostrorum confratrum numerum elegimus, aggre- 
gamus, et admittimus, indultorumque ac concessionum, necnon 
omnium suffragiorum et bonorum operum spiritualium nos- 
trorum participes semper fore et esse volumus ac innotescimus 
per presentes. 

In quorum omnium et singulorum testimonium, sigillum 
commune dicte Gilde presentibus appendi fecimus. 

Data Boston', xxvij.^ die mensis Januarii, anno Domini 
M. CCCCC. xviij. 

Per me Johannem Sixtinum, u[triusque] j[uris] doctorem. 

Per me Petrum Potkyn, legum doctorem. 

Impressum per me Ricardum Pynson, Regis Impressorem. 

Written at Foot : Admissus per Willelmum Temper, Camer- 
arium, et solvit v]s. viijd. ; et sic debet solvere annuatim 
quousque xxvJ5. viijc?. sint plenarie persoluti, et sic esse 
quietum sine ulterori solutione. 

Fragment of seal, with figure of the Virgin Mary crowned and 
Child. 24. 

1520, October 6. — Will of John Wylloughby, esquire, in 
his own writing, " purpasyng, with the grace of God, to goo 
to Rome of pylgramag', dredyng soden chansus, perels and 
jeoperdes in my journey." Anthony Fitzherbert, his brother 
[in law], sole executor. " To my cosyn his wyffe my corall' 
beydes with gawdes of gold." My brother Zowch. My sister 
Ales. My brother Hew. My cousin Cumberforth. My 



137 

" neyvy " Henry Wyllughby. My brother Edward's wife. 
" To the new beydhowse at Wollaton a scheylett [= skillet], 
a posnett, a chafur, a peyr tonges and a fyr' ern." " Item to 
Mastres Wyluowr' the boke that schew hath of myn. Item 
to Sir Robert Scheypert the boke that he hath of myn. 
Item to Wollaton Chyrch' a corporas with a case. Item to 
Wyllughby Chyrch a corporas case. Item to my cosyn Cecily 
Curson ij. of my best Ynglysch' bokes. Item to my cosyn 
Mar' hyr syster an other Ynglysch boke." My sister Dudley. 
Richard Smyth, parson. 236. 

1521. — Papal indulgence granted to Henry Willoughby and 
others. 

Ut animarum saluti devotorum oratorum vestrorum 
Henrici Wyllooghby, Eduardi Bellnappe (sic), Johannis Oche, 
Johannis Markan, Eduardi Feres, Johannis Birr on, Johannis 
Dygby, Johannis XJlloghby,^ Eduardi XJlloghby, Anthonii 
Phytheherberd,2 Guillermi Alston, Johannis Melford, Thome 
Cheleram, Guillermi More, Guillermi Bue, Rogeri Necham, 
Thome Lymdem, Johannis Dauton, Francisci Cyroneau, et Helie 
Breul, conjugatorumque vestrorum (sic), ac eorum utriusque 
sexus liberorum, pravintie (sic) Cantu[a]riensis et Pictavensis, 
vel alterius dioceseos, salubrius consulatur, supplicant 
humiliter sanctitati vestre dicti oratores, q[uatenus ei]s et 
eorum cuilibet specialem gratiam facientes, ut confessor idoneus 
secularis vel cujusvis ordinis regularis presbyter, quem qui- 
libet ipsorum duxerit eligendum, ipsos et eorum quemlibet 
a quibusvis excommunicationis, suspensionis, et interdicti, 
aliisque ecclesiasticis sentenciis, censuris et penis a jure vel 
ab homine quavis occasione vel causa latis, ac votorum 
quorumcunque et ecclesie mandatorum transgressionibus, per- 
juriorum et homicidii casualis vel mentalis reatibus, manuum 
violentarum in quasvis personas ecclesiasticas, non tamen 
prelatos, de preterito injectionibus, jejuniorum, horarumque^ 
canonicarum ac divinorum officiorum et penitentiarum injunc- 
tarum in toto vel in parte omissionibus ; Necnon ab omnibus 
et singulis eorum peccatis, criminibus, et delictis quantun- 
cunque gravibus et enormibus, de quibus corde contriti et 
ore confessi fuerint, etiam si talia forent propter que sedes 
apostolica merito foret consulenda, de reservatis, exceptis 
con tent is in bulla "Cena Domini," semel in anno et in mortis 
articulo, et quotiens de illo dubitabitur, etiam si tunc mors 
non subsequatur, de aliis vero eidem sedi non reservatis casibus 
tociens quotiens opus fuerit absolvere, et pro commissis peni- 
tentiam salutarem injungere, vota vero quecunque ultramarine 
visitationis liminum apostolorum Petri et Pauli de Urbe ac 
Jacobi in Compostella, religionis et castitatis votis duntaxat 

1 Willoughby. 

2 Fitzherbert. 

3 hararum, MS. 



138 

exceptis, in alia pietatis opera commutare et juramenta que- 
cunque sine juris alieni prejuditio relaxare ; ac semel in anno 
et in mortis articulo et quotiens de morte dubitabitur, licet 
tunc mors non subsequatur, plenariam omnium peccatorum 
suorum remissionem et absolutionem auctoritate apostolica 
impendere valeat ; liceatque eis et eorum cuilibet habere 
altare portatile cum debitis reverentia et honore, super quo 
in locis ad hoc congruentibus et honestis, etiam non sacris 
et ecclesiastico interdicto ordinaria auctoritate seu apostolica 
suppositis, dummodo causam non dederint hujusmodi inter- 
dicto et fecerint quantum in eis fuerit quod ea, propter que 
appositum fuit apostolicum interdictum, executioni debite 
demandentur, etiam antequam elucescat dies, circa tamen 
diurnam lucem, in sua et famiharum suorum domesticorum 
presentia missas et alia divina officia celebrare seu celebrari 
facere, ac tempore interdicti hujusmodi divinis interesse, ac 
eucharistiam et alia ecclesiastica sacramenta a quocunque 
presbytero quando, ubi et quotiens videbitur, etiam in Pascate, 
et sine licentia rectoris parrochialis ecclesie, absque tamen 
ejus prejuditio, recipere, et decedentium eorundem oratorum 
corpora cum funerali pompa ecclesiastice tradi possint 
sepulture ; et insuper unam vel duas ecclesias aut duo vel 
tria altaria in partibus ubi singulos oratores pro tempore resi- 
dere contigerit, Quadragesimalibus et aliis diebus stationum 
urbis Rome visit ando, tot et similes indulgentias ac pecca- 
torum remissiones consequantur, quas consequerentur si singulis 
diebus eisdem singulas dicte urbis et extra cam ecclesias propter 
stationes hujusmodi deputatas ac citra plenarias Beate Marie 
de Populo, de Pace, et de Loreto, ac basilicarum Sancti 
Johannis Lateranensis et Beate Marie Ma j oris de Urbe ac si 
personaliter visitaret ; preterea eisdem Quadragesimalibus 
et aliis temporibus prohibitis, unacum eorum familiaribus con- 
tinuis commensalibus et ad eorum mensam pro tempore 
discumbentibus, ovis, butiro, caseo, et aliis lacticiniis, carnibus 
vero de utriusque medici consilio, uti et frui ; ceterum, 
ut singule oratrices unacum quatuor aliis honestis mulieribus 
quater in anno quecunque monasteria monialium cujusvis, 
etiam Sancte Clare ordinis, de licentia inibi presidentium 
ingredi ac cum eisdem monialibus conversari, dummodo 
ibidem non pernoctent ; Necnon quod Terram Dominicam 
et totiens Angelicam orationes singulis diebus in sonitu cam- 
pane post Completorium dictum Ave Maria devote recitando 
quinquaginta dies indulgentiarum consequi possint et valeant, 
concedere et indulgere dignemini de gratia speciali, non 
obstantibus constitutionibus et ordinationibus apostolicis ac 
cancellarie apostolice regulis necnon quibusvis revocationibus 
et suspensionibus quarumvis similium vel dissimiUum, s[e]u 
etiam in favorem fabrice basilice principis apostolorum Sancti 
Petri de Urbe ac Sancte Cruciate concessis forsan hactenus 
seu imposterum concedendis, ceterisque contrariis quibuscun- 
que, cum clausis oportimis et consuetis. 



139 

Et de reservatis semel in anno et in mortis articulo, 
etc., premissis exceptis ut supra 

Et de non reservatis sedi predicte casibus, tociens 
quotiens opus fuerit, ut premittitur 

Et de commutatione votorum et relaxatione jura- 
mentorum ut supra, et de plenaria remissione et absolutione 
semel in anno et in mortis articulo a pena et culpa ac 
aliis, modo et forma premissis 

Et de altari portatili cum clausa " ante diem " et 
" in locis interdictis," ut premittitur 

Et quod tempore interdicti corpora oratorum eccles- 
iastice tradi possint sepulture, ut prefertur 

Et de indulgentiis stationum Urbis, visitando ecclesias 
vel altaria, ut supra 

Et de esu ovorum, butiri, casei, et aliorum lacti- 
ciniorum ac carnium, ut supra 

Et de ingrediendo monasteria monialium pro 
mulieribus, ut supra 

Et de indulgentia quinquaginta dierum in sonitum 
campane post completorium 

Et quod presens indultum duret ad vitam singu- 
lorum oratorum, nee comprehendatur sub quibusvis 
revocationibus necnon derogationibus et suspensionibus, 
etc., modo et forma premissis ; et quod presentium tran- 
sumptis manu notarii publici subscriptis et sigillo alicujus 
persone in dignitate eccesiastica constitute munitis, fides 
detur : Que simul vel ad partem pro quolibet oratore 
aliis omissis, etiam exprimendo nomina et cognomina, 
qualitates eorum ac uxorum et liberorum, fieri possint ; 
Et quod presentis supplicationis sola signatura sufficiat 
absque aliarum expeditione litterarum 

Concessum ut petitur, in presentia Domini 
nostri pape : F. Cardinalis Ursinus. 

Julianus de Datis, Dei et apostolice sedis gratia, episcopus 
Sancti Leonis, sanctissimi in Christo Patris et Domini nostri 
domini Leonis, divina providentia, pape Decimi, in basilica 
principis apostolorum de Urbe minor penitenciarius, universis 
et singulis presentes litteras inspecturis salutem in Domino 
sempiternam. Notum facimus et attestamur, quod litteras 
originales confessionalis, quarum copia preinseritur, vidimus, 
tenuimus et diligenter inspeximus, easque manu reverend- 
issimi in Christo patris et domini domini Franciotti, misera- 
tione divina, Sancti Georgii sacrosancte Romane ecclesie 
diaconi cardinalis de Ursinis, in domini nostri pape prefati 
presentia signatas fuisse et esse reperimus : idcirco, pro parte 
venerabilis viri domini Guillermi Alston, monachi ordinis 
Sancti Benedicti, Coventrensis dioceseos, principalis in pre- 
insertis litteris inter ceteros oratores principaliter nominati, 
debita cum instantia requisiti, ipsas transumi, exemplar!, 
transcribi, et in banc publicam transumpti formam redigi, ac 
per notarium publicum infrascriptum subscribi et publicari 



140 

mandavimus ; decernentes huic present! transumpto in 
judicio et extra tantarn fidem debere adhiberi qualis et quanta 
dictis originalibus litteris data est et adhibita, dareturque et 
adhiberetur si in medium producerentur, quibus omnibus 
premissis sic per nos re factis auctoritatem nostram inter- 
posuimus et interponimus presentium per tenorem pariter et 
decretum. 

In quorum fidem sigillum nostrum presentibus duximus 

apponendum. Datum et actum Rome in do[mo ?] m 

residentie, sub anno a Nativitate Domini millesimo quin- 
gentesimo vigesimo primo, Indictione nona, die vero [blank] 
mensis [blank], pontificatus prelibati domini nostri domini 
Leonis pape Decimi anno nono, presentibus ibidem vener- 
abilibus viris dominis Johanne Andrea de Zoellis, archidiacono 
Britonoriensi et [incomplete]. 24. 

1521, August 1. — Letter of .the Guardian of the Observant 
Friars of Mount Sion creating Sir John Willoughby a Knight 
of the Holy Sepulchre. 

In Dei Omnipotentis nomine, Amen. Notum sit omnibus 
presentes nostras litteras inspecturis, qualiter, hoc anno 
Salutis nostre M. D. XXI., generosus ac nobilis vir Dominus 
Johannes Villughby, de Anglia, nuper ad sacratissima terre 
sancte mysteria visitanda, magno devotionis affectu, se con- 
tulerit, Deoque opitulante, multis transactis periculis, loca 
sanctissima petierit et in primis ardentissimo sanctum 
Dominicum Sepulchrum visitavit, sanctissimosque Calvarie, 
Syon et Olive ti montes, Virginisque intemerate sepulchrum 
in medio vallis Josaphat, nativitatis quoque et presepii 
Salvatoris nostri in Bethleem Juda, fluentaque Jordanis et 
Quarantani montes, et omnia alia a modernis Chris ti fidelibus 
perigrinis visitari solita, non modico labore, et, ob locorum 
anfractus, maximo discrimine et expensis plurimis circuivit, 
atque iteratis precibus devote personaliter adoravit, et, 
ostendens veram Christiani nominis professionem, omnia 
adversa magnanimiter pertulit. 

Idcirco, ego Frater Zenobius Masius, de Florentia, Ordinis 
Minorum regularis obs[ervancie] sacri Conventus Montis 
Syon guar[dianus] ceterorumque locorum Terre Sancte com- 
miss[arius] (licet immeritus), animadvertens ejusdem Domini 
stemmata, ceterasque ejus virtutes, quibus Sanctissimi Sepulchri 
Milites dotati esse tenentur, motu proprio impulsus, ob immen- 
sam ejusdem Domini Johannis devotionem in hec sacrosancta 
mysteria, et singulares zelus in totius religionis augmentum, 
et erga seraphici Patris nostri Franci[sci] ordinem, prefatum 
Dominum Johannem, auctoritate apostolica mihi in hac parte 
cum plenitudine potestatis commissa singular! privilegio et 
gratia, Sanctissimi Sepulchri jam dicti Militem institui, ordinavi, 
et benedixi, ac per presentes institutum, ordinatum, et bene- 
dictum super Gloriosissimo Domini Sepulchro denuncio ; 
decemens insuper, eundem posse deferre Sancte Crucis, 



141 

Sanctissimi Sepulchri seu Sancti Georgii insignia publico vel 
secrete, prout sibi placuerit ; dotans ipsum omnibus gratiis, 
privilegiis ac muneribus hujus Sancte Militie, quibus uti omnibus 
locis gaudereque sine aliqua interpellatione possit et debeat, 
quibus ceteri Milites Sanctissimi Sepulchri uti et frui con- 
sue vere. 

In quorum omnium fidem ac robur tutissimum presentes 
fieri jussi ac sigillo Sanctissimi- Selpulchri consueto muniri 
ac roborari feci, manuque propria me subscripsi. 

Datum Hierosolimis, in arce Syon cenaculo Christi sanc- 
tissimo, anno, quo supra. Die Mercurii, prima Augusti. 

Frater Zenobius subscripsi manu propria me, F.Z. 

[1525,] August 6. — Commission under the signet to Sir 
Henry WHloughby to repress riot in Coventry. ^ 

*' Henry R. By the king. 

Trusty and welbeloved, we grete you wel. And forasmuche 
as we understande that on Lammas day last passed a grete 
ryot and unlafuU assemble with other enormytes wer com- 
mytted in and nere unto our cite of Coventry by diverse light 
and evil disposed personnes of the same, and that it is to 
us yet unknowen whether the said enormytes be repressed 
or not : we, not willing the same to contynue or passe 
unpunyshed, for the daunger and evil exemple that may 
ensue therof, have by our other lettres instructed our right 
entierly beloved cousin the Marques Dorset the maner and 
fourme howe we wol that he, with your assistence, power 
and strength, or otherwise as he shal thynke good, shal 
procede to the repressing and due correccion of the said 
offendours. Wherfore we, trusting in your perfitt fidelities, 
wol and desire you that, according to suche ordre as our said 
cousin shal geve unto you in that behalf, ye, with suche 
persons as ye may make, if he require the same, do geve your 
attendance and assistence unto our said cousin in execucion 
of the premisses, as well for repressing of the said offendours, 
if the same be not alredy don, as for inquire to be made upon 
the offence, by vertue of suche commission as we have sent 
to our said cousin and other for that porpose, and that with 
al effect, spede and good endevour as we trust yow and as 
ye tender our pleasur, willing yow furthermorre that in al 
suche thinges as our said cousin shal shewe unto you in the 
premisses, ye wol geve unto hym ferme credence as shal 
appartain. 

Yeven under our signet, at our maner of [Grenejweche 
(?), the vj^^' day of Auguste. 

[Addressed ;] To our trusty and welbiloved servaunt Sir 
Henry Willoughbe, knight." 

1 The letter of the Marquis of Dorset and Sir Henry Willoughby, dated 
12 August, 1525, giving an account of their proceedings by virtue of this 
commission is noticed in the Oalendar of State Papers 1525^ no. 1568. Se© 
also no. 1743, 



142 

Signet seal (shield of royal arms and crown surrounded by 
collar of SS) impressed upon paper-covered wax. 24. 

[1539 ?] — " Informacions agaynst Sir Gylles Strang ways, 
knyght, of certayne his mysdemeanors done in Dorsetshire 
as hereafter folowyth. 

Furst it is too be sertefyed that certayne of the housold 
servauntes of Sir Gylles Strangways, too the nomber of thre 
or iiij^^, that were nere aboute hym, parte of theym watyng 
apon hym in his chamber, of late yeres were accused too 
robe poore men in the cuntre, as well in theyr housis as by 
the heyghway, and when the parties that were robed dyd sett 
forth ther accusement agaynst his said servauntes afore ther 
faces and in the presens of ther master afore the justices 
syttyng apon the benche, the poore men then avouyng that 
they the servauntes of the said Sir Gylles had robbed theym at 
certayne tyme and place by theym then named, yet the said 
Master Sir Gylles dyd soo here theym his said servauntes in 
ther evyll doyng, havyng suche persons impanelled too inquere 
of the same felonyes as were assured frendes too the same 
Sir Gylles, and suche as dyd long to him, that notwyth- 
standyng good evydence was gyffen by the parties that were 
robed afore the justices, sayng ' thes ar the persons in presens 
that dyd robe us,' yet noo indyctament culd be found in 
the same shire at no assisses nor sessions agaynst his said 
servauntes, wiche said felonyes was aleged and set forth for 
the moste parte at every sessions by the space of one holle 
yere too gather. And when certayne nobyllmen and other 
gentylmen and pore men dyd perceve suche beryng and per- 
jurye used in that shire by the supporting of the. same Sir 
Gylles, then the same men dyd complayne at London too the 
kynges councell, allegyng the unlawfull beryng of the said 
Sir Gylles and the fellonyes commytted by his said servauntes. 
At wiche tyme the said councell, havyng afore theym emonges 
other one of the said Sir Gylles servauntes named Jamys 
Ferror in examinacion, the same Jamys Ferror confessed 
parte of the same felonyes agaynst hym by the pore men 
alleged too be trew, the same Jamys then watyng upon the 
same Sir Gylles in ... . shier, whiche confession the 
same Jamys Ferror beyng assigned by the said councell too 
suffer deth for his demeryttes, Sir Gylles Strangways dyd 
optayne of the kynges Grace his pardon, and the other ij. or 
iij. servauntes too the said Sir Gylles, because the wold not 
confesse ther faultes as the said Jamys Ferror dyd, they 
contynewed styll in the service of ther sayd master wythout 
any punyshement. 

Item, at another tyme two other of the howshold servauntes 
of the same Sir Gylles commytted other felonyes, and one 
of theym named Brynabell dyd robe his said master Sir Gylles, 
apon the wiche robere Sir Gylles caused hym to be indycted, 
and after, when the felonie was araned, Sir Gylles, havyng his 



143 

good restored, absentyd hymsellfe owte of the hall, and wold 
gyfe no evydence, and soo the felony was acquite. 

Also one Wylliam Sampson, not a yere passyd, was indyted 
v^^ tymes of sundry felonies, and flede apon the same fel- 
lonyes, and the good stollen restored to the partyes that 
ought it, and after the same Wylliam Sampson was by the 
meanes of the same Sir Gylles accquite, and after that acquitt- 
all the same Wylliam Sampson named hymsellfe to be the 
sarvaunte of the same Syr Gyles Strangways, besydes dyvers 
other mo fellonies by his sarvauntes and other persons com- 
myttyd, wyche be cloked and advoyded wythout any re- 
fformacion, in wyche so doyng the same Sir Gylles doyth 
not only appere to be a gret berer agaynst the kynges lawys, 
but also doyth cause miche perjurie to be commyttyd and 
used in that shire. 

Also to prove the same Sir Gylles to be a gret berer in the 
courte, the same Sir Gylles within thys ij. yeres last passyd, 
after that a pore man had taken the peace of hys neyghbor 
named John Roke, he causyd the pore man to con ty new the 
askyng of the peace agaynst the sayd John Roke, where the 
pore man wolde have releasyd the same peace, but that Sir 
Gylles dyd advyse the pore man to the contrari, wherby he 
causyd dyscencion to contynew betwxyt ij. neyghbers for the 
malice that the same Sir Gylles hade to one of them, for by 
the procurement of the same Sir Gylls the same John Roke, 
agaynst whome the peace was askyd, afterward was indyted 
of forceable entre and ryott wrongfully for kepyng of hys owne 
house and grounde, wherin the sayd John Roke hade bene 
in peasabyll possession by the space of xij. yeres and more. 
And for farther prove thereof, when the ij. pore men were 
agreed in the same matter, then the same Sir Gylles dyd 
take dysplesure therwith, and rebuked theym that they dyd 
make the awarde and agrement betwyxt the sayd ij. pore 
man {sic), wherby appered that Sir Gylles was not contentyd 
that unite and peace shulle be betwyx the sayd ij. pore men 
being neyghbors, for malyce that he dyd here to the sayd 
John Roke, beyng tenant to Sir Edward Wyllughby. 

Other articles to prove that Syr Gylls Strangways ys a 
procurer to breke the kynges peace and a dysturber of the 
kynges people, as well at the tyme of the assisses when the 
juges were ther as at the tyme of Quarter Sessions at sunderey 
tymes as hereafter folow3rth. 

Item where ther was certayn riotiuse persons at Wynburne 
during the tyme of a fayre ther holden, wyth swordes, by lies, 
and other wapens, sek3^ng the sarvauntes of Syr Edward 
Wyllughby to feyght wyth them, and at the laste fyndyng 
one of the husbande men of the seid Syr Edward and a prest 
togathers in a company, then and ther dyd stryke downe 
unto the grounde the sarvaunt of the said Sir Edwarde, 
suposyng that they had kylled hym, and then assautyd the 
prest, thrustyng ther daggers and swordes at hym and thorow 



144 

his gowne, thynkyng also to have kylled hym, whereapon he 
slypped owt of his gowne and flede into the churche yarde, 
wyche ryotuose persons after that they hade serched and 
inquered thorrow all the towne of Wynburne to feyght wyth 
Sir Edward Wyllughby servauntes, then they the said ryotuose 
persons dyd stryke and hurte dyvers other of the kynges sub- 
jectes in ther rage, to the nomber of xxiiij*^ persons, and so 
walkyd wyth ther wapons draune thorrowowt the towne, 
strykyng alway abowt them that they causyd all the kynges 
people ther beyng in the fayre and market to trusse upp 
ther marchandyes and to forsake the sayd market for fere 
of the sayd ryotuose persons, whereapon the justyces next 
adjonjmg causyd a sessions to sytt and inquere apon the sayd 
ryott, and when Sjn: Gylls Strangways and his frendes per- 
cevyng a sessions to be appoyntyd to inquere of the sayd ryott 
commyttyd by the servauntes of Sir Thomas Lyne and hys 
frendes, then the same Sir Gylls comyng thether to Wynburne, 
bryneryng wyth hym certayn gentyllmen, beyng under his 
riulle and commanddement, to be impanullyd of the grete 
inquest to the intent that the sayd ryot shud not be founde 
agaynst his frendes ; by reason of wyche beryng of the sayd 
Sir Gylls agaynst the kyng this riott coulde not be by no 
jure then and ther founde, whereapon the sayd ryott was 
afterwarde complayned of in the Ster Chamber affore the 
kynges councell, and ther by good wytnessys provyd, as ap- 
peryth of recorde there, and afterwarde the sayd ryotuosse 
persons appon prosses agaynst theym made was proclaymed 
trators and rebelleus, and parte of them flede the contre for 
fere of punysshement. Whereby apperyth the power and 
auctoryte and the unlaufull beryng of the sayd Sir Gylls in 
that shjrre, wher no matters wylbe founde nor passe by 
vardyt contrari to his pleasure. 

Item, at another tyme Syr Gylls Strangways wyth the 
nombre of iij. score or iiij. score persons, wyth all maner of 
wapons in forceable maner vyolentlie dyd come to Blanforde, 
and they dyd fysshe the water in dyspyte of Syr John Rogers 
and all hys power, wyche Syr John raysed an C. persons to 
wythstande the sayd Syr Gylls, but that assemble notwyth- 
standyng, Syr Gylls being appoyntyd to come wythe his nettes 
in cartes, bryngyng wyth hym suche an unlaufull and 
ryottous company and assemble, wyth force dyd fysshe ther, 
and Syr John Rogers wyth force was compellyd to suffer 
hym to fysshe in hys water and durste not deffend him for 
fere of morder and manslawter, wyche ryot and unlaufull 
assemble was never founde nor presentyd in that schere, 
whare nothyng canne be founde contrary to the mynde of the 
sayd Syr Gylls. 

Also certayne other articles ther be too prove the same 
Sir Gylles a supportor and mayntener of frays and breker of 
the kynges peace as folowyth. 



145 

Furst, where that Sir Edward Wyllughby was at a sessions 
at Dorchester, servyng the kyng as his dewty was and is, 
Master Henry Strangways, the son of the same Sir Gylles, in 
the sessions tyme, when the justices was syttyng, the sayd 
Sir Edward and Sir John Rogers was walkyng toogathers 
frome the benche of the sessions arme in arme, the said Master 
Henry Strangways not only appoyntyng certayne persons 
too the nomber of xl-* too be redy in the strett with bylls 
and swordes redy too mete and feight with the sayd Sir 
Edward at his commyng owt of the hall by the appoyntement 
of the sayd Master Strangways, but also he the same Master 
Henry Strangways dyd sodenly stryke at the said Sir 
Edward, havyng Sir John Rogers by the arme, and with a 
naked sworde cute his cheyne frome aboute his neke, wiche 
ryott was nor never culde be founde in that schyr by reason 
of the beryng of the same Sir Gylles, notwithstondyng the 
said ryot was commytted duryng the tyme that the justices 
was syttyng at the sessions hall at Dorchestre in the syght 
of the same justices, wyche ryot and fray was afterward 
by the said Sir Edward complayned of in the Ster Chamber, 
and ther proved by good wytnes as apereth therof of record 
at this day. 

At another tyme also, when the justices of the assise dyd 
syt at Dorchester, on Foway, servant to the same Sir Gyles, 
in an evenyng, without any discension or cause of gruge, 
sodenly without warnyng dyd stryke on Richard Dooll, ser- 
vant to Sir Edward Wyllughby, with a naked swerd apon the 
face and heed that he the same Foway at the same stroke 
had ner kylled the same Doll, strykyng hym to the grownd, 
and then the same Foway therapon advoyded and wold not 
be knowen of the fray or hurt that it schuld be hys dede, nor 
the justices of assise apon inquere cold not kno who duryng 
the assises tyme had done that ded, and yet that notwith- 
stondyng the same Sir Gyles dyd and doth continually kepe 
the same Foway styll in his service without commonicacion 
or punyshement or answer made to the same Doll, who dyd 
lye at surgery by the space of viij. wekes, wherby apereth 
the unlawfuU mentenance of the same Sir Gyles. 

Also the same Sir Gylles, at the last sessyons holden at 
Sherborne, the xxx" yere of oure soverayne Lorde the 
kyng that now is, havyng gruge and malyce in hes mynde to 
the seide Sir Edwarde, then and ther at the seid sessyons 
syttynge apon the benche, havyng no respecte to the service 
that he and all the other was bownden to do to the kyng at 
that tyme duryng the sessyons, butt rather procuryng 
dycencyon and morder ther too be comytted and don, sayd 
to the seid Sir Edward thes worddes : " I do deffye the, and 
nott only I deffy the betwene the and me, butt also I doo 
deffye the in all this awdyence," and therapon the same Sir 
Gylles spekyng to hes sone prively, hes seid sone did arisse 
from the benche, beyng onne of the justyces of the p[e]ace, 

M 10 



146 

and dyd feche hes fatheres servauntes and hes owne, and 
furthwith brought them into the place wheras the 
sessyons was, purposly to avenge hes malycyus intent, butt 
that the same Sir Edward wolde make hym no answere nor 
further procede in worddes with the seid Sir Gylles, the tyme 
and the place of the sessyons to the same Sir Edward con- 
sidered." 24. 

[c. 1540]. — Draught petition of Sir Edward Willoughby to 
King Henry VIII. setting forth his services in war, and 
praying that credence may not be given to certain slanderous 
statements. 

" Too the kyng our soverayng Lorde. In moste humble 
wise shewyth and complayneth unto your Highnes your trew 
and faithfuU servaunt Edward Wyllughby, knyght, that 
where your said servant at all tymes passed sythens that 
he was of th' age of xxj^' yeres untoo this day, by the space 
of xxix^' yeres, frome tyme to tyme hath done unto your 
Grace sutche service as haith bene in his power, as well in 
your Grace's warres byyonde the see as other ways within this 
realme, furst in Hey Spayne, the thryd yer of your Grace's 
reigne, your said servaunt hymselfe dyd fornishe with a hun- 
dreth men too doo your Grace service in your warres, under 
the Lorde Darsye, then arryvyng at Scalys Mallys, and then 
the next yere folowyng, the fourth yer of your Grace's raigne, 
hymself also dyd fornishe with another hundreth men, over 
and besydes CCCC. men fornished by his father Sir Henry 
Wyllughby, appoynted to doo your Grace service in the warres 
then arryvyng in another parte of Spayne nere Founterabye,^ 
under the ledyng of the Right Honorabyll Lorde Marques 
Dorsett, your said servant havyng then under his father the 
gydyng and charge of your Grace's ordinance ; also the same 
tyme gyffyng attendance too the honorabyll Lorde now Duke 
of Norfolke in too Naverre. And the thryde yere then next 
also folowyng, the v. yer of your Grace's raigne, your said 
servaunt, a convenyent nomber too hym appoynted, served 
your Grace lykewise in your warres in the northe cuntre under 
the ledyng of the honorabyll the olde Lorde Duke of Norfolke, 
at wiche bat tell ^ the kyng of Scotland was then ther kylled, 
and at the same felde your sayd servaunt doyng his bounden 
and dew service too your Grace, beyng hurte and wounded, 
was taken prysoner by the Scottes, and after ransomed hym- 
selfe too his great charge owte of the Scottes handes withowte 
ayde or redrese of your Grace or of any other. Also another 
yere sythens that tyme your sayd servaunt dyd your Grace 
lyke service in your warres in France with another hundreth 
men under the ledyng of the honorebyll Lorde the Duke of 
Norfolke that now is, at wiche tyme your said servaunt 
unworthy therto was made knight by the said Duke in con- 

^ Fuenterrabia (Guipuzcoa). 

2 The Battle of Flodden, A.D. 1513. 



147 

sideracion of his said service done too your Grace. Alsoo at 
this laste insurreccion in the Xorthe parties^ your said ser- 
vaunt Edward Wyllughby lykewysse dyd your Grace service 
with another hundreth men furnyshed redy for the warres 
commyng and conve[in]g them owt of Dorsettshire too 
Dankester, wiche is viij""^ myles. ledyng and convejmg theym 
to his great charge, wiche service and charges considered 
that notwithstondyng your said servaunt haith nother office 
nor fee of your Grace, doyng your Grace yerly and contenually 
service in the cuntre where he dothe dwell in all your com- 
missions and commandementes, as he is bounden of dewty 
too doo. For wiche consideracions your said servaunt humble 
requireth your Grace too lycence and pardon hym in the 
rehersyng of his said service bownden and dew, wiche he is 
compelled too doo for causys folowyng by reason that he 
cannot cumme to your Grace's speche too make trew defence 
and answere too the sclanderous and evyll reporte of one 
WylHam Auberey, one of your Grace's servauntes, wiche said 
Wylliam Auberey in sondry places makyth his avaunte that 
he haith done the errant unto your Grace agaynst your said 
servaunt Edward Wyllughby, that your Grace by reason of 
his said erraunt and complaynt schold say unto the said 
Wylham Au[b]erey that apon suche suytes as your said ser- 
vaunt Edward Wyllughby haith or suyth for by the order 
of your lawes that your Grace's pleasor is that your said 
servaunt shal not obteynge nor injoye the same his suyte 
although the right of your Grace's lawes be with hym therin, 
wiche lawes your Grace hetherto never refused at any tyme 
too any of your servauntes or subyettes : Wherefor your 
sayd besecher and servaunt Edward Wyllughby humble 
besychj^h your Grace too remember the trew and dew service 
not onely done too your Grace hytherto by hymself, but also 
by his father Sir Henry Wyllughby and other the brethren of 
your said servaunt, wiche said service they and every of theym 
intend too doo and to contynew duryng theyr naturall lyff 
as thejrr dewtys is ; trustyng also that your Grace dothe 
accepte the doynges and service of every of your Grace's ser- 
vauntes accordyng too ther deserttes, without gyffyng credence 
unto the untrew reporte of the said Wylliam Auberey or of 
any such scklanderous persons. And your said orater and 
servaunt shall dayly pray too God for the long and prosperous 
contenuance of your riall and nobyll estate long too endure. 

Also plaise it your noble Grace to be further asertened that 
wer certayn of your Grace's subgettes named Thomas Frost, 
Wylliam Towneshend, and other wer bownden by obligacion 
in certayn summes to Wylliam Au[b]erey to your Grace's 
use, the same Wylliam Au[b]erey hath not only extorciously 
taken money of your said pore subgettes to his owne use in 
parte of payment of the said obligacion, but also fraudelently 
and decevably the same Wylliam Au[b]erey hath com- 

l The Pilgrimage of Grace, A.D. 1537. 



148 

pownded with your said Grace's pore subgettes Thomas Frost 
and other above-named for a further summa betwyxt hym and 
them agreed to be payd in severall dayes, and hath promised 
your said subgettes the redely vere of ther said obhgacion, 
wyche was on of your Grace's specialtyes taken and made to 
your Grace's use : wherby apereth the decet and untrouth 
of the said WylHam Au[b]erey done and commytted to your 
Grace, wych mater your said servaunt is redy to prove." 

[c. 1540.] — Elizabeth Smethwick to Sir John Willoughby. 

" Ryght worschypfull cosyn. I hertely commende me unto 
yow, beyng glayd to here of yower welfare, thankyng yow 
ever of yowre grett kyndness. Hyt ys not unknowen unto 
yow how that I have beyn handellet now of layte, and 
therfore I muste make my frendys to do sumwhat for me. 
I have caused my neyfew William Pulteney for to take panys 
on hym to go to London for me and my syster Dame 
Elyzabeth Smythwyke for to gett us a lycens to goo owte of 
the place of Henwod, for we are gretly afraed that yf we 
tary ther we schalbe poyssynnet or ellys summe other 
thynge to make us away. Therfore we bo^ythe Dame Elysa- 
beth and I desyer yow that yow will doo soo muche for us 
as to delyver to my foreseyde neyfew William Pulteney 
yU. xs. wher yow wer wonte to sende hyt me by Huge Large, 
and my neyfew schall bryng yow acquytans from us bo^yth 
from the begynyng of the worlde unto the day of the maliyng 
of the acquytans. Yf yow do not now helpe us, we ar bo3yth 
undoyn, for we have nothynge to helpe us withall, as yow 
know well, for hyt ys not unknowen how we . . . layf 

. . moer to yow, but Jhesu have yow in hys keepyng. 
[Yowre . . . ] cosyn and beydwoman. 

Dam Elesabet Smethewyke [written 
badly in a very shaky hand]. 

[Addressed ;] To my ryght worschypfull cosyn Sir John 
Willybe, knyght, be thys delyvered." 24. 

1545, May 10. — Agreement between Sir John Willoughby, 
of Wollourton, knight, and Henry Willoughby, esquire, cousin 
and heir apparent of the said Sir John, and Sir Nicholas Strelley, 
of Bilbrughe, knight, " concerninge the digginge and gettinge 
of see coolies within the lordshipp of Bilbrughe." Sir 
Nicholas is unable to get the coals in the said lordship 
conveniently " by reason of the superfluous abundance of 
water " without the help of Sir John, and it is therefore agreed 
that "of aU thoos coollez lyinge withyn certen closurez within 
the said lordship of Bylbrughe called ' the Holluez,' now in the 
tenure and occupacion of Henry Marmyon, gent., from the 
pale of Wollourton Parke of the sou the unto the hedge of 
the said closures adjonynge to Bylburghe feld by nor the," 
Sir John shall have three parts in four and Sir Nicholas 
shall have the fourth part, the cost of getting the coals to be 



149 

borne by the parties in the same proportions. In case Sir 
John die before the work in WoUaton Park " be thyrled^ 
thoroo into the grounds " of Sir Nicholas, it is agreed that 
if the said Henry disagre and will not suffer the " thyrlynge " 
of the said work, these articles shall be void. The parties 
shall cause all such coalpits as shall hereafter be " clene 
wrought out and gottyn " to be " caste in and stopped." 24. 

1548, December 20.— Will of Sir John Willoughby, of 
Wollaton, knight. Proved at London, before the Com- 
missary of the Canterbury Prerogative Court, January 22, 
1548-9. [North Country Wills, p. 200, Surtees Society.] 

179(193). 

[1549.] — Account of lands, etc., of which Sir John 
Wylloghby, knt., late of Myddelton, died seized, which 
descended to Henry Wylloghby, " squyer, his cosyn and heire, 
thatt ys to say, son of Sir Edward Wylloghby, knyght, brother 
unto the said Sir John Wylloghby." 179. 

1549, April 13. — Copy of inquisitio post mortem of Sir John 
Wylloughbye, knight, concerning his lands in Warwickshire. 
The jurors say that he died 10 January, 1549, and that Henry 
Willoughby, son of his brother Edward Willoughby, is his 
nearest heir; which Henry was aged 31 years and more at 
the time of the death of Sir John. 179 (193). 

1549, July 15. — Will of Henry Willoughby, esquire, in 
English. The will is very lengthy. He ordains that his 
executors (his brother-in-law, George Medley, esquire, and 
Gabriel Barwyck, gent., Henry Marmyon, gent., and John 
Hall, his three trusty servants) shall, within eight years of 
his decease, " make or cause to be made at Wolaton aforesayd 
a newe soughe- for gettyng of cole within the same lordshypp, 
and to bestow theruppon the some of on thowsande poundes, 
or more or lesse, as nede shall requere." Supervisors : 
Henry, Marquis of Dorset, and Sir John Markham, knight, 
the testator's cousin. 24. 

1549, July 15. — Draught on paper of preceding (in hand- 
writing of Sir Francis Willoughby). Endorsed : " Coppy of 
my father's wyll, with the articles of his owne hand writing." 
There is also another copy. 179 (193). 

1549, November 13. — Copy of inquisitio post mortem oi Henry 
Willoughby, esquire, taken at Nottingham concerning his 
lands in the County of Nottingham. The jurors say that 
he died on 27 August, 1549, and that Thomas Willoughby is 
his son and heir, who was of the age of eight years at the 
time of Henry's death. 179 (193). 

1 ' bored ' (O.E. Vyrlian pierce). 

2 ' drain. * 



150 

1550, March 24. — Copy of Inquisitio post mmiem of Henry 
Willoughby, esquire, taken at Nottingham, concerning his 
lands in the county of Nottingham. 179 (193). 

Circa 1550. — Plan of the Lordship of Cosington, co. 
Leicester. 163. 

[c. 1550]. — Draught of will of Bridge tt Willughby, widow. 
Her body to be buried in her chapel of Chedingston in the same 
tomb wherein her first husband Sir Thomas Knyght is buried, 
or near it, " without any maner of pompe or otther eery- 
monies of old tyme used." Executors : Her son, Robert Wil- 
lughby, and her son-in-law, Humphrey Walrond, esquire. 
She bequeaths the lands in Chedingston, Penshurst, Lye, Hever, 
Cowden, Sundrysshe, Chevining, and Sevnocke that she 
inherited from her father Sir Robert Rede to her eldest son 
Robert Willughby, charging them with an annuity of 20 
marks for her son, Christopher Willughby, and with lOZ. 
yearly for Thomas Willughby, eldest son of the said Robert. 
These lands are settled upon the said Robert and his son 
Thomas in tail male, with remainder over to Henry Willoughby, 
younger brother of the said Thomas. Endorsed : " My Ladis 
mynd is that Mr. Carrill or sum otther lerned man do correct 
this wiU." 179 (193). 

1553, February 13. — Decree of WilHam Cook, LL.D., Dean 
of Shoreham, pronouncing a divorce between Robert Wil- 
loughby, esquire, of Sondriche, in the Deanery of Shoreham, 
and Dorothy Willoughby, his wife, on account of her 
adultery with James Rogers, esquire, which she confessed in 
Court. 179 (193). 

1555, November 1. — Probate of will of Robert Wylloughbye. 
His body to be buried in the chapel of Chidingstone [co. 
Kent] " without onye maner of charges as morning blakes 
or any other maner of pomps." Proved 16 May, 1556. Two 
copies. 163 (207). 

1558, August 11. — Probate of will of Bridget Willughby, of 
the parish of Chedyngstone, co. Kent, widow (of Sir Thomas 
Willughby). Proved August 18, 1558. Two copies. 163(207). 

c. 1560. — Information against the rector of WoUaton for 
gambUng, etc. 

" To Mr. Walter Jonez, Commysarye of the Checker at Yorke. 

Pleaseth your Mastershippe to understande that one 
William XJnderne, late parson of Wollaton, in the Countye of 
Nottingham, and from the same deposed, is an evill man in 
his conversacion and lyving, as many of his neyghbours will 
testifye, for within the towne of Nottyngham, wythin the xij. 
dayes of Christmas w[a]s three yeres laste paste, did the 
said Under[n]e leese at the dyce and cardes all the money in 
his purse, and gaiged his horse for five marks, and loste alle 



151 

the said money the same tyme, and also a gold rjnige of his 
he loste the same tyme. Also in Lent laste paste, wythe in 
the said towne of Nottingham, the said Underne cam thether 
to make provysion for his wyfes chircheinge, but or he wente 
out of the said towne he loste agayne all his money in his 
purse and two horses that he and his boye rode uppon, and 
borowed xvj<s. more wythin the said towne, and loste all the 
same at dyce and cardes ; and then comynge home to his 
parsonage in Wollaton, on Sonday then next foloweinge, 
before his parishoners wythin the chu[r]che at the servyce 
there, he dyd petyously lament his wicked lyfe, and said 
he wolde never do so agayne. But nottwythstandynge, the 
same day that he was deposed from his said parsonage, he 
wente streyght waies to Lowdam, and there, contrary to his 
faythfuU promyse wyth his said parishoners, fell to the dyce 
agayne with one Sanderson of the same towne, who he dayly 
still occupiethe gamynge with all. And also, aboute Myd- 
somer laste paste, the said Underne came to one William 
Weste, of Wollaton aforsaid, aboute the hower of eleven of 
the clocke at nyght, and desired hym to lende hym his mare 
and his sadle and bridle, whiche the said Weste dyd lende 
him, but he never as yet did delyver the same againe, nor 
make any recompence to hym therefore : wythe many more 
evill practyses that he hathe donne, and still practyseth the 
same, to the great anoyaunce of many hones te men there- 
aboute, who wyshethe a redres and spedye remedye 
therein." 24. 

1560, April 30. — Presentments against the vicar of Wol- 
laton. 

" Ultimo Aprilis anno 1560. Wollaton, Dominus Willelmus 
Underne, Rector ibidem. Hugo Hudson, Thomas Calton, 
Gardiani. 

Prcesentant, that William Underne, pa[rson 

servid and said in the church his devyn he 

oughte to have donne as in the .... Sonday and 
dy verse other dayes, but hathe gone away at his pleysour, 
and his parysshe hathe bene unserved. And for the lacke 
of a preste, William Chamberlayne had two children that 
died unchristned ; and, forther, there hathe bene diverse 
dead, and theire frendes hathe bene constreyned to get other 
prestes in the cuntrye to burye them, or els they muste have 
bene unburyed to longe, and for christeninge of children in 
lykewyse. 

Item they do present the said William Underne to be a 
commen gamster at the alehowse, nyght and daye, many 
tymes this laste wynter ; and satt upp all the nyght at the 
same. 

Also he hathe used other evill pastymes at the alehowse, 
as in canvasinge a yonge mayde of xiiij. or xv. yeares olde 



162 

in a blankett and wyndowe clothe^ at mydnyght, which is 
unprestly, wyth other lyke usages. 

Item they do present that on St. Andre wes day laste the 
said WiUiam Underne dyd breake his faste wyth a puddinge 
or two or ever he did say his servyce. 

Item they do present, that the said WilHam Underne, 
theire parson, had a woman in theire churche which he had 
brought from London ; which woman he had at Bingham, 
and said she was his wyf. 

[Item the]y do present, that the said Wilham Underne 
browght to Mr. Elton's, of Cossall, a payre of tables, and 
shewed him that he had browght a pastye of venyson, and 
kept game there ij. or iij. dayes together at them. More- 
over the neyghboures there were longe in comminge to the 
Communion, and he willed them to make more haste, or ells 
he wolde gett hym to the tables." 

(Other charges of obtaining horses from parishioners and 
not paying for them as promised follow. Some verses on 
this subject are included in the bundle). 24. 

1572, March 21. — Bundle of bonds to observe the fast of 
Lent, etc., taken before Thomas Willoughby, J. P., in the 
county of Kent. 271. 

1572. — Papers concerning musters in co. Kent. 177. 

1573. — Papers concerning musters in co. Notts. 177. 

1573-4. — Acquittance of the Pipe of Thomas Willoughby, 
esquire, as sheriff of Kent. 271. 

1574, June 19, Newark Castle. — E[dward], earl of Rutland, 
Sir G. Clyfton, and T. Stanhope to the baihff of the 
Hundred of Broxtowe Weapentake. 

Order to repair to the houses of the persons named at foot, 
and warn them to bring before the aforesaid persons at 
Newark on July 12 next, by 10 o'clock in the forenoon, so 
many demilances, horses, and geldings for light horsemen 
with men on their backs and full furniture for man and horse 
as they are bound to find. Broxtowe Hundreth : Sir Anthony 
Strelley ij ; Mr. Fraunces Willughby ij ; Mr. John B3n:'on ij ; 
Mr. Fraunces Moleneux j ; Mr. Frances Brensley j ; Mr. 
Anthony Sawmon j. 177. 

[1570-83.] — Marmyon, servant of Elizabeth, countess of 
Shrewsbury (" Bess of Hardwick "), to Sir Francis Willoughby 
concerning quarrels between the countess and her husband, 
and referring to imprisonment of Mary, Queen of Scots. 

•' Right worshipfull, my spechall emest desyre hathe bene a 
longe tyme that once I might be dissolved and bestow myself 

1 That is, a winnowing cloth. 



153 

altogether at Wollaton, which soyle and the soyles master I 
have alwaies unfayiiedly loved. At last, I prayse God, I have 
my desyre fully satisfyed, for cyvill wanes will entertaigne 
Sheffield House and Skottyshe regiment unlesse Marmyon 
be removed. I am sorie with all my harte to see my Lady 
in suche daunger and that she takethe my departure in so 
ill sorte. That howse is a hell, and her Ladyship beinge 
fiirnisliod with few, or rather not one, about her which fayth- 
fully love and honor her in deede, the sequeale is in doubt 
to breede afterclappes, and she suspectes no lesse. 

I tould your^ worship at your being last at Haddon of a 
broyle or kynd of tragedy betwixt my Lord and Lady of 
late, wherin, as alwayes in maner hertofore, my Lord hathe 
made me playe a parte, so I thinke the tragedy would not 
hould if I be lefte out. I now perceave by her Lady the 
fallinge out was excedinge and lickly to be perillous, if she 
take not her seconde counsells and square the accyon by 
wisdome. His Lordship chargethe her and me to be devysors 
for the disablyng of his sarvice to Her Majestie ; that we are 
advertysers against him ; and weere the only cawse that 
abatement was made of his allowance for the Lady of 
Skottlandes dyat ; that she makes me her right hand as it 
weere, whome he cannot abide, and knowing that I hate him. 
Wherupon he made surely a very honorable conclusion that 
if she would not remove me, he could never be brought to 
thinke that she loved him, neyther would he ever take her 
for his wyfe, but he would remove me and shutt her Lady- 
ship up without suffring any sarvauntes about her than of 
his owne placing, with dyvers other ydle wordes tending 
muche to noughty purposes. My Lady desyred him to send 
for me, and charge me himself, but that was as bittar as gall, 
and no waye but she must dispatche " me. 

Yet or ever I departe, his Lordship shall well perseyve that 
I dare bouldly take my leave, and answer the unjust and 
most vyle accusacion, which, I warrant yow, will kindle 
coales. Notwithstanding, I am sure his Lordship will ende 
most quyetly with me, and not suffer my departure, but by 
his leave I will strayne curtesie. 

The lease my Lady gave me must goe thoroughe my Lordes 
handes if I will have a parfecte state, and I may as well seeke 
to remove the Towar of London as compas eny suche goodnes ; 
so as it hathe pleased her Ladyship to bestowe of a yearely 
anuety of xlli. a yeare, to be had out of Mr. William 
Cavendyshes landes, and he to be my paymaster, whereof I 
lyke well. 

Yf I would goe to the Innes of Courte or sarve eyther my 
Lord Treasurer or my Lord of Leycester, she will otherwayes 
be benefycyall to me. I answered that I am warned to clyme 
no more upon the hills, wher the wyndes blowe often roughe, 
but will bestow myself in some quyet dale. Very ernest she 
was to know my intencion, which would not be gotten for the, 



154 

but referred all as it would best lyke my father to bestow 
me. She offers to take what counsell I will chewse for the 
makinge of my anuety, onely a proviso must be that I must 
not sell it, and she is well pleased that I bestow myself 
whersoever I best lyke, and that she is in good fay the with 
no man in England but onely with Sir Francis Willoughby, 
and soe shall she knowe before I departe. Yt is good that 
your worship take heede how yow suffer me to sett one futt 
within your howshould, for before God yow shall have muche 
adoe to remove me from yow. I fynd me able to do yow 
good sarvice : and this I trust you will hould yourself assured 
that I wilbe to the last day of my lyfe a most faythefull man 
towardes yow and all your cawses. And thoughe I speake 
it, methinkes WoUaton Howse should not be without a 
Marmyon. 

And now, Sir, my humble sute is not onely for enter- 
taignement, but having fully assured myself of your goodnes 
towardes me by somme good turne towardes the better 
inabling me to live, I am to beseche your worship to bestow 
of me a lease in revercion of Harry Averye's farme and Smawle's 
tenement in Carleton, which tenement I sould yow upon my 
arrerages in account unto your worship. Boothe being layde 
together will make a prety livinge. Ther be vj. vij. or 
viij. yeares to expyre, and than if it might stand with your 
pleasure to thinke me worthy thereof, I and all my pore 
frendes must think ourselves specyally bound to rest with all 
dutyfull sarvice most faythfully at your worship's devocion. 

Yt wilbe iij. weekes before I shall dispatche from hence, 
which tyme yow shall receyve from my Lady a letter of the 
manner of my departure, and see moreover the assurance 
of her honorable dealing with me. And if I might be setled 
with your worship, and have this lease made me before my 
goinge to my father-in-lawe, it would be suche a comfort to 
theim, as he will stand the rather my good father whan he 
seethe I am setled to live. He is a man not lickly to lyve 
longe, and my possibility of great part of his living and welthe 
is very great. I hope before vij. or eight yeares be ended, 
yow will think my request well bestowed. I beseche your 
worship lett me heare by this bearer somewhat of your deter- 
mynacion, whome I send over to father wherby to acqu[a]ynt 
him how this matter fallethe out, and to make my request 
unto him for somme money to discharge dettes before my 
departure. 

My Lady promisethe to countenance his cawse against 
Browne by all the meanes she may. I will know whether she 
be mynded to procede for Peverell fee. 

My Lady goethe not to Sheffield before Saterday next, 
which I think a long tyme untill I feele my Lordes pulses. 
I will seeke and doubt not to obtayne his favor and good 
opinyon. Before God ther is great murmuring bothe here 
and at Sheffield about my goinge away, and every one thinkes 



155 

becawse they have knowne as great disquyetnes heretofore 
sundry tymes betwixt us, that this wilbe in lyke maner over- 
blowne. But they wilbe deceaved, for I take my Ladyes 
offer and her setting me at hberty to sarve wher I please to 
be a doble benefitt. And in deede, all thinges considered, it 
may well be thought inconvenyent that she kepe me longer, 
my Lordes frantick speches fully considred. Yt is the best 
happ that ever yette hathe bene offred me since I came to the 
state of a man. 

I beseche your worship's good consideracion of my humble 
sute, and not to refuse Marmyon, who never wilUngly 
departed from yow, but is most joyfull if he may in this sort 
returne unto yow. I am in hast and therfore trust yow will 
pardon this rude and tedious letter. 

I pray God kepe yow in helthe. 

Chattsworthe, the xxiiij"^*^ of October. 

God send me good luck ! My Lord makes men beleve 
that he will feight with me in his owne parson, but use makes 
his feight terrible parfecte. I dare gage my lyfe whan it 
commethe to serching, he will not suffer my departure. But 
I wilbe found resolute. 

My man should have bene with your worship iiii'^ dayes agoe, 
but I altred my mynd untill we came to Sheffield. Sir, I 
reckon me one of yours. 

Sheffield, the xxviij*^ of October. 

[Addressed : ] To the right worshipfull Sir Francis Wil- 
loughby, knight." 24. 

[c. 1575.] — A foolscap sheet of paper, endorsed (in hand- 
writing of Sir Francis Willoughby) : " Janians Epitafe in 
obitum patris " [i.e., Henry Willoughby, slain by the Norfolk 
rebels in 1549]. It commences with a Hebrew epitaph, 
followed by these : 

On Mossair Heathe^ did bitter deathe 

In Kinges warres take awaye 
This worthie wight, Esquire by righte, 

Whose fame will not decay. 

Bothe good and base are in this case 

They must retourne to duste, 
The worlde is vayne, welthe is but payne, 

And all that is man's luste. 

E/c3/oi/co9" /mev 6 ^OvpiKiev^^ ^OXi/Seiog^ avaKTO<s 

'Ej/ TToXejuLoh iOavev, Kr'/Sea Xvypa iraQwv, 
E/'? TO yap euTrpoLTTeip, /SacriXfjl' t€ kqi irarpio^ avroVf 

^AvOpco7ro<? (pu€Tai, xpy](TLiJ.a (p(Jo<; (pepoov. 
^yj/ULaTi arw/UL^ avTOv KciTai, S ava yrjv yuaXa OaXXeif 

Ao^a, Ti/ULij t' apeTr], tqut eireT avSpi iw. 

1 Mousehold Heath, Norwich, the site of the rebels' camp. 

2 " Henry." The gross errors in these Greek Unes are reproduced. 
8 "Of Warwick(Bhire). ' ' 

4 "Willoughby." 



166 

^The worthie Henrie Willoughbie in Kinges warres saw his 

death, 
Esquire he was of Warwickeshire, and died on Mossall Heath. 
Man is not borne all to him seKe, to Prince he must do good 
And to his cuntree, tho' it be with sheddinge of his bloode. 
Tho' that in grave his corpes doth lie, his fame doth florishe 

still ; 
His vertue, prayse and fortitude shall never come to ill. 

^Armiger hie diris stratiotes regius armis 

Lsesus obit mortem : cui monumenta vides. 

Pro patria est perdulce mori, pro rege intimidum. 
Laethum igitur Isetum, et sors sua laeta fuit. 

Ossa tegit tumulus, virtus sua sydera scandit. 

Laus sua non moritur, sed vivet atque viget. 24. 

1577. — Papers concerning musters in co. Warwick. 177. 

1577-1594. — Commissions, orders, etc., relating to musters 
in COS. Kent, Warwick and Nottingham, 1577, 1589, 1591, 
1594, including muster-rolls for co. Kent, lengthy instructions 
for the guidance of officers in warfare, etc., and a book, circ. 
1600, of the names of men fit for war and of those unfit, with 
valuation of their goods, in various villages in co. Warwick. 

177. 

1577, August 20. — Grant from Thomas Gebbons, esquire, 
*' Gardianus villae regiae de Sutton in Colfilde, in Com. Warr., 
et Societas ejusdem " to Richard Barlowe, of Sutton in 
Colfilde, in consideration of " two stonyd horses " and one 
mare delivered to them before the execution of this deed 
*' ac modo pro commoditate et utilitate omnium inhabitantium 
hbertatis de Sutton in Colfilde prasdictse in parco nostro 
existentium," of a parcel of land called " Bracebrydge Poole " 
within " pasturam nostram vocatam ' le Parke,' " to dig up 
and dam and to make a pond (stagnurn) there and to erect 
" moUendinum scytheaticum'^ vel fullaticum vulgariter voca- 
tum ' a blademylle or a jullynge mylle.' " James Nicholles 
and Richard Houghe, Sergeants at Mace and officers of the 
Court, are appointed attorneys to put the said Barlowe in 
seisin of the premises. Dated in " le Mote Hawle " at Sutton in 
Colfilde. Twenty persons, including the " Gardianus," witness 
the delivery of this indenture on November 2. 236. 

1580, March 16. — Copy of commissions and instructions 
for the musters in co. Kent. 177. 

1580. — Papers concerning musters in co. Warwick. 177. 

1 This is a free translation of the preceding. 

2 This epitaph, containing a reference to Jiis monument, proves that 
these epitaphs wore written for Sir Francis Willoughby, the builder of 
Wollaton Hall, and intended to be engraved upon the monument erected 
by him to his father in Wollaton Church. The epitaph actually engraved 
on this monument is given in Thoroton, Antiquities of Notts, p. 226. 

3 An adjective formed from the English Scythe. 



167 

1584, July 24. — Sir Francis Willoughby to Thomas 
WiLLOUGHBY, his brother-in-law. 

" I have at this present, being the last tyme of asking, sett 
downe to Mr. Vicechamberlaine my price and daies for 
Langton Walles in this sort, videlicet presently 500Zi., Alholl- 
outyde 1000^^., Candelmas 500?^^, at Midsomer terme lOOO/i. 
Gyving thes daies and lyngering the tyme hath hindered 
me borrowing the mony uppon interest CCC/^. Yett am I thus 
contented if he will in this sort proceede, or els to give his 
absolute answer (as he hath already) of refusall before my 
cosin Markham and Mr. Fyssher. If it please hym to pro- 
ceede, yow are to receave oOOZ^^ to my use, wherof yow must 
pay CCxZ*. to the goldsmith abowt the xiij^"" of August, and 
the residu for your selfe, due by me to yow ; the old mony 
shalbe paid yow ere it be longe. Yow must make hym a quit- 
tance for the receite therof, if it be required. If this mony 
will not be hadd of hym refusing the bargen, then have I 
written my letter and sent my band to Mr. Huitt, draper, 
dwelling in Candelwick Strete, desiring hym to lend me OCliy 
to answer this turne. 

Mr. Huitt hath offered me 5500^^. for my land in Kent, so 
that he might have generall warantie ; my answer is that I 
will not abate one peiuiy of 6000?i., and the warrantie to 
extend no farther then against me and my heires. I thinke 
he wyll come to my price, and I may enlarge the warrantie 
against the heires of my father and my grandfather, which, 
I suppose, wyll content hym. Uppon Mr. Vizchamberlain's 
refusall, try this sale with expedicion. Ther is one Mr. Wilford 
abowt Rie (as I take itt) that hath byn heretofore very ernest 
for my land in Kent. Geve hym knoledge hereof, and take 
the best chapman, ether for this or Essex. 

I have byn in some talke for the mariage of my daughters, 
and like enough to conclude for the one, if lyking shall grow 
betwixt the parties, withowt the which I wyll never presse 
them. 

^ For thes other reportes of gyving over my howse, etc., and 
for receiving my wife being now reconsiled, for this last part 
ther is no such determinacion that I am pryve of as yett. 
What other know of my determinacion more then my selfe, 
I leave to yow to judge, nether hath ther byn any motion 
more then by the same gentleman I told yow of at your last 
being with me ; and for the other in truth my charge groweth 
so greate by this meanes that I must be dryven to do itt, and 
to discharg some of my unnessary (sic) servandes, yett meane 
that Persy vail at the Chawntry (a howse bigg enough for 
hym his purpose) shall make tryaU of such proporcion as I 
can be content to allow hym and the children, while I go abroade 
to make sale of some lande if thes bargens do not take place. 
Thus in hast I do committ yow to the Almightie. 
Wullaton, xxiiij^** of July, 1584. 

Yowr brother-in-law to use, 

Fra. Wyllughby. 



158 

[Addressed ;] To his loving brother-in-law, Thomas Wyl- 
lughby, esquier, geve thes." 24. 

1585. — Letters concerning musters in co. Kent. 177, 

1587. — Papers concerning musters in co. Nottingham. 177. 

1587-8. — Letters concerning musters in co. Kent. 177. 

1588, Aug. 2. — Names of two hundred men of the Hundred 
of Sutton at Hone, co. Kent. 177. 

1588, August 31. — John Adams to Percival Willoughby, 
esquire, his brother-in-law. 

" Brother Percivall. My wyfe and I geive yow great thankes 
that vow vouchsauve us that favor, as to be a meanes and 
wittnesse of that outward regeneration, whereby inward 
grace is signifyed to that wiche God will blesse us withall, 
male or female. Wherefore we wilbe glad to make requitt- 
all of this curtesy as of manny other in what we shalbe in 
any wyse able. But we ar sory that herein yow turne our 
request not only to your truble, but also to your charge. 

My wyfe goes about Cricle Cricle, very great. She is 
underlayd not with a Frenche fardingale, wiche strottethe 
out by the sydes, but withe an English bumbaste, wiche 
beareth out before, and she lookethe every day for a hue and 
cry, and there is a poste and an asse ready to make pursuite. 

I am sory Sir Frauncis is made shiryf this yeare. Let his 
under-shiryfe take heed for his yeare to come. All the judges 
of the Comon Plees have taken order to oversee all the 
offences of undershirifes to be duely and severely punished 
and also hathe appointed on to followe the informations 
againste them. Lett him therefore beware. 

But I am more sory that Mr. Catcher the Friday next after 
this terme was fined for the whipping of Mrs. Newnam andt 
Mrs. Nevill in Bridewell to the queene CCCCC.li. and CC.li. 
to the ij. gentelweomen, on hundred li. apeece, and his fellow 
Skinner to on thowsand markes to the queene and CCCC.li, 
to the two gentelweoman, so that of a sodaine the too gen- 
t[elweomen] ar becom good manages. They have TDCsydes as 
parte of theyre judgment iij. monthes imprisonment, and to 
aske the gent[elweomen's] forgivenesse at theyre house, at 
the Counter and at Bridewell. Theyre offence was for 
whipping of gent[elweomen], wiche by theyre commission they 
cannot doe, for theyre letters pattentes weare examined and 
they had not power to doe it. It was malliciously prose- 
quuted by Skinner, and Mr. Catcher simply thruste into it, 
wiche made Skinner's fyne the greater. But the cyrcum- 
stances did aggravat the offence, first the punishment without 
any fault, in specially {sic) the hasty proceeding, the whipping 



159 

of weomen, maryed gent[elweomen] withe child, crying on 
there knees for mercy, wipte by a man in the sight of men, 
and rejoyseing, whereby proceeded untymely chyld birthe 
(and the chyld, as they sayd, borne alive died), and this chanced 
within X. weekes after. But we hoape that Mr. Catcher's 
fine shalbe moderated and mittigated. The man is sory, and his 
wife sadd, and had bene very sicke, but now a littell amendyd. 
We have used the best comforte to them bothe we could, 
and I hope he shall come out erst it be long. 

Yowr sister Rosse was at London to have gone to the 
countesse of Warwicke, and she must stay till after 
Christmas, and so she is now at home at Boare Place. 

We ar all here very well, and yowr father's wyfe usethe 
us all very kindely and farr better then ever. I would I 
weare with yow this Crismas, but I am tyed by the legg, as 
once I remember yow wrote you weare tyed to a broken maste. 

My Lady Willughby was dead and in a mortale sound ^ by 
the space of j. hower full, and could not be revived. There 
weare none in here chamber but here mayde, and a jentelman's 
man wiche lay over here, hereing the mayde to cry out, came 
downe and helped to rubb and recover the good lady, and 
soe in the end thereof recovered here. But now I heare she 
is well. But aske Nedd, I pray yow, of a circumstance that 
hapned then. 

And thus with our harty commendations to yow and to 
my sister yowr wyfe, and to my good partener and cosen 
Win, God send here and that quickly ! And thus I leave 
yow to God, who blesse yow and my sister, I beseche him, 
with a pretty boy and that quickley. 

Boare Place, 31 Au. (?), 1588. 

Yowr loveing brother-in-law, 

John Adams. 

[Addressed :] To the right worshipfuU and my very loveing 
brother-in-law Percivall Willughby, esquier, at New hawle 
give theis. " 24. 

1588-9. — Acquittance of the Pipe of Francis Willoughby, 
knt., as sheriff of Nottingham. 271. 

1589. — Letters concerning musters in co. Kent. 24; 177. 

1590. — Letters concerning musters in co. Kent. 177. 

1590.— The like in co. Notts. 177. 

1590-1. — Acquittance of the Pipe of Thomas Willoughby, 
esquire, as sheriff of Kent. 271. 

1591, April. — Account of Sir John Leveson for money 
received in the Lathe of Sutton-at-Hone towards the 
furnishing of 36 men. — A note of money laid out by the 
constable and Portreeve of Gravesend for certain soldiers. 

^ ___^ 177. 

X * swoon.* 



160 

1591, July 29. — List of " Armour lent to be delyvered 
agayne." — List of " mony receved of soldiers and sutche as 
do fynd armor for the muster Mr., his intertaynment and 
wagis." 177. 

1591, November 12, London. — Lord Cobham to Sir John 
Leveson, knight, one of his Deputy-Lieutenants. 

He has received a letter from the queen requiring him to 
cause 100 men for pioneers to be speedily levied in Kent, 
and to cause them to be impressed with such sums of money 
as are usually due for such a service, and to cause them to 
have frieze coats, the charges whereof shall be answered by 
order from the Lord Treasurer, according to the rate of 45. 
for every coat, and that the pioneers should be ready to be 
brought to Dover within an hour's warning, and there 
delivered on shipboard. These are to pray Sir John to cause 
40 of this number to be levied out of the two Lathes in his 
charge, and that they be brought to Dover by the constables 
of the hundreds and places where they shall be taken by the 
19th inst. For more expedition, he has thought meet to have 
their coats bought and provided in London and sent down 
to Dover. As the charges of every coat will come to 2s. more 
than is allowed by the queen, besides their carriage to 
Dover, Sir John is to cause the overplus to be taxed and levied 
in the county in some reasonable rate, and to take order that 
the same may be paid to such as he shall appoint to receive 
it at the time of the delivery of the coats. 177. 

1591, November 12, London. — Sir John Leveson to the 
High Sheriff and Justices of Kent. 

Enclosing copy of Lord Lieutenant's letter signifying the 
queen's pleasure for the levying of 100 pioneers in Kent, and 
praying that twenty of them be levied within the Lathe of 
Sutton-at-Hone, to be sent to Dover according to his 
Lordship's directions. He has taken order that there shall 
be one at Dover to deliver their coats to such persons as they 
shall send with the pioneers. 177. 

1592, October 20. — Commission to the Earl of Shrewsbury, 
the High vSheriff of Nottingham, Sir Thomas Stanhope, Sir 
Francis Willughby, Sir John Byron, knights, Thomas Markham 
and Peter Roose, esquires, to administer the oath of 
supremacy within the County of Nottingham. 271. 

1592. — Papers relating to musters in co. Kent. 24 ; 177. 

1593. — Papers relating to musters in co. Kent. 24; 177. 

1593-4. — Acquittance of the Pipe of Francis Willowghbye, 
knight, as sheriff of Nottingham. 271. 

1594. — Papers relating to musters in co. Kent. 177. 



Iftl 

1594, May 8. — Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury 
(" Bess of Hard wick ") to Sir Francis Willoughby. 

" Good cosin, in respect of the good will 1 beare you, I made 
offer to my cosin Henry Willughby for the disbursment of 
three or foure thousand poundes, in such sort as he hath 
signifyed to you. And thoughe of late I have had very good 
offers made me of land to be sold, yet, in respect of my 
lormer promis, I have not gyven eare therto. The land you 
offer in morgage, uppon further lookinge into the matter, I 
fynd to be threescore pound rackt rent and threescore 
poundes of old rent, and of the old rent some in lease for 
lyves, and your manor of Willoughby, the principall thinge, 
besydes that some part of it is in lease for lyfe, the whole is 
in joynture to My Lady Willoughby. So that for so great 
a somme I think it not a convenient porcion. I know where 
for less then half this money you assured far more land, yet 
have I told my cosin this bearer that there shalbe three 
thousand pound presently disbursed uppon this land, and 
yf you be to use any more, uppon further assurance there 
shalbe more redy for you. I hope you doe assure yourself 
that I look not for any thinge but for the security of them 
that are to disburse this money. Your land I do not desyre. 
Yf I could be assured of your lyff, there should not nede 
any mortgage at all to be made, but the yongest and health- 
fullest are subject to chaunge. My cosin Henry Willoughby 
will shoe you my mynd at more length. 

And so praying God to send you longe lyffe and happy 
health, I ceass. 

From Chats worth, this viij^^ of Male, 1594. 

Your lovinge cosin and assured frend, 

E. Shrouesbury. 

[Addressed :] To the right worshipfull my very good cosin 
and frend Sir Frances Willoughby, knight, at Wollaton." 24. 

1595. — Papers relating to musters in co. Kent. 177. 

[c. 1595.] November 15. — Richard Hill to Sir Francis 
Willoughby. 

" My duty humbly remenbred {sic) to your Worshipe. This 
is to certefie your Worship that I have caused the uper pittes 
in the parke to be filled, acordinge to your Worshipes 
comandment. AUso this is to certefie your Worship that we 
may sett up a water-pitt at the Chrowood end, which will 
draw the water wich liethe aboute the colle, the which water 
is twyse as bigge as that wich liethe in the cole, and that 
water must be drawne to the soughe^ in Dofcote Close. 
And the water that must drive the weell must run above the 
ground, because if the water whiche torns the weell should 
falle into the sough, the sough weare not able to receve it 

1 A drain. See page 88, note 7, above. 

M 11 



162 

becaus of the narownes therof. This wilbe doone with reson- 
able charges, and the other will be unresonable, for that it 
is in lengthe viij. acrey [sic] and x. skore yardes at xj. skore 
yardes the ackre^ ; werof your Worship myght withe les 
charge make a new soughe then inlarge the ould. 

Thus I commit your Woorship to AUmightie God. 

From Woollaton, the xv'^ day of Novembre. 

Your poore servant to command, 

Richard Hill. 

[Addressed ;] To the right worshiple {sic) and my good master, 
Syr Frauncis Willoughbe, knyght, deliver this." 24. 

1596. — Papers relating to musters in co. Kent. 177. 

1596, April 10, Dartford, " in haist at one of the clocke." 
Sir Thomas Walsingham to Samson Lennard, Thomas 
Willoughby, and Thomas Potter, esquires. 

Having this day "at 12 o'clock at noon received letters from 
the Lord-Lieutenant of this county for the present discharging 
of such men as now are in readiness for Her Majesty's service, 
these are to require them to discharge all such men within 
their division to depart home with their arms and furnitures 
until such time as further order be given for a new supply. 

Endorsed " For Her Majestie's affaiers " ; " Haist, haist, 
haist for lyffe, for lyfe haist!" 177. 

1596, May 22.— Richard Hill to Sir Francis Willoughby. 

" Ryght worshiple, my dewty ryght humbhe remembered. I 
have greate cause to repent me of the late bonds, wherinto I 
entred for my abideing out of servis with any mann ; for 
surelie yf the same weare to doo, I would nott abide and 
remene heare untyll Michellmas for halfe the valure of the 
bonde, seeing and heareing sty 11 day lie the workeing and evell 
pretents of myne adversaries, purposeing my utter over- 
throwe, which is a discomfort to my wife and chilldren and 
discoriageing of my friends. Yf your worship and the good 
ladies geve styll creditt to theire made tales, I shalbe full 
bought and sould amongst them before the day of heareing 
come. They nowe, feareing that I shall have my matters 
hard^ with indifferenci, knowing that theire discredit b will 
ryse therby and all theire laboure then in wast, have devised 
suche villenie to laye against me as, yf ytt should be tru6, I 
weare nott worthie to leve upon th'earthe. Wherefore I 
humbly beseeche your worshipp geve no creditt to theire say- 
ings or wrytings at the fyrst seight ; butt after good and 
just prosses thereof made, yf I be fownd guilltie, for mercie 
I will never crave nor hope, butt wilbe conntented to abyde 

1 The acre as a measure of length. See New English Dictionary. 

2 * heard.' 



163 

any torment, be ytt never so tyrrible, knoweing that cause- 
lesse cruelltie will never scape without revenge, which by 
them is to be feared ; for yf, please God, I may come to my 
purgacion, these theire cruellties I doubt nott will bewraye 
theire one dealeing. Untyll then I will rest with patience 
to beare these heavie injuries. 

The baylyffe att my coming home demaunded my connesence 
and my sonn's by a warant which he saithe he hathe from 
your worship, and hath allso dryven and impounded my 
catle forthe of DobsnoUe and Redfeeld, which I hope as yett 
be no parte of your mynde ; and allso saithe the warrant 
which I have from your worship is a countterfait and is nott 
your hand. Wherfore I humbly beseeche your worshipp that 
you will certefie him, and that I maye have those two closes 
untyll my cawses be hard,^ at which tyme I hope you shall 
nott repent you of any kyndeness you showe me. 

The new limpe- at Cossall is geven over for what cause I 
knowe nott. The cole is good and reasonable thicke, and 
the water nott unreasonable. I am unwilling to medle in 
anything untyll I have cleared my self e, butt yf ytt please 
you to comaund my sonn in your letre to sett ytt forward, 
God willing, ytt shalbe plyed to your lykeing. 

Thus verry humbly I take my leave, comitting you to the 
tuition of th' Allmyghty. 

WooUarton, this xxij'^ of May, 1596. 

Youre servant whilest lyfe, 

Ric. Hyll. 

Postscript. The beiliffe and Callver have charged the 
workmen for coming to my house for any drincke, as they saye 
by your worship's comandment, which yf [ytt] be so, I am 
much sorie that you should take suche maner of greeffe against 
me. 

[Addressed :] To the right worshiple and his verey good 
master Sir Francis Willughbey, knyght, att the queenes 
coutchmaker's in Smythfeeld, geve these." 24. 



[c. 1596.] — " A note of the unjuste deahnges of Richard Hill 
with Sir Frauncis Willughbie, his maister, and his workemen, 
knowen to and to be justified by AUexandre Shawe, George 
Wagge, Robert Shawe, Thomas Bunney, John Cottam, 
Richard Fowler, or some one of them, with others. 

Inprimis, George Wagge and AUexandre Shawe are to 
depose that the said Richard Hill did threten to banishe the 
said AUexandre the towne and feilde for declaringe the truthe 
to Sir Frauncis in saying that Richard Hill had deceyved 
his maister of xviij. lodes of coles in the Hollows, which 
the Ladie Stannoppe had to Nottingham by the space of 

1 ♦ heard.' 

2 Kot in the New English Dictionary. 



164 

X. yeres since, and unjustlie by dales men^ caste him in the 

damage of xx*'^ nobles. 

****** 

Item the said Allexandre and Thomas Bunneye are to 
depose that the said Richard Hill deceyved the lord of xviij. 
rookes of coles at Shawe pitt in Bretland, which he caried 

moste of them to Nottingham, and parte to his owne howse. 

****** 

Item the said Robert Shawe delivered xxxj. roo[kes] dim. 
of coles to John Foxe of Nottingham, the saltpeter-man, 
which money he falselie deceyved Sir Frauncis of, and had 
it to his owne use, which he paid in parte of his fine of his 
howse at Bilborowe at Nottingham, which Thomas Buney is 

to manifeste. 

****** 

Item Robert Shawe is to depose that Richard Hill com- 
maunded him to keepe the gifter-money^ of their cariages 
whatsoever it was, more or lesse, and bringe it to him, and 
then hee did geve them againe what he thoughte good of 
it, wherby hee had the moste parte of that the pore men 

wrought for. 

****** 

Item Robert Shawe and Thomas Stillington, with others, 
are to depose that Richard Hill suffred the workemen to goe 
so nighe the Hollowes in Bretland that they stroke throughe 
and lett in the water and overthrewe the worke to great 
hindrance of the lorde and his workemen. 

Item John Cottom is to sale that he caste a gobbinge^ betwixte 
worke and worke, soe that noe moe but that pitt meane 
should be acquainted with the overthrowinge of the worke. 

Item the said Richard Hill caused a paine to be sett in the 
courte that one man should not come into another's workes, 
which was to.conceale his ignorance. 

Item the pore workemen, havinge wroughte all the winter 
and gotten a great stacke of coles, then Hill would sett up 
the pitt to the lord's great hindrance, and had the sale at 

his appoyntment to himself or some one for him. 

* * * * * * 

Item at the Hollie pitt in the Highe Feild Hill, havinge the 
rule of it, caused a thurle* to be driven to a pitt in the 
Hollows of xl. elne, where hee led them up and downc till 
there were above j. hundreth elne driven, and in the meane 
whyle gott coles at the benke to the value of xl. or xxx. rookes 
a weeke, and not passing viij. or x. rookes were entered in 
the name of hed coles, at which thurle beinge so long in 
dryvinge Mr. Blythe, keepinge the booke, found faulte, and 
demaunded when the pitt should be put in the Chantre, and 
then when the pitt were more than half donne, then he put 

1 Arbitrators. See New English Dictionary, a.v. ' Daysman. ' 

2 A compound of * giftur, ' gift, and ' money. ' Not in New English 
Dictionary. 

^ See New English Dictionary, s.v. ' gob, sb. 4. ' 
* Shaft or tunnel. 



165 

it in, which action to make answere for those that knewe it 
once justified it to Sir Frauncis before Hill in the presence 
of Mr. Kindersley and others." 24. 

1597, November 5. — " ^A note of the sighte in Nottingham 
by one possessed, the v*^ of November, 1597, according to 
our rememberaunces. 

1. Firste he shewed to our sighte the sinne of mockinge 
and mowinge and flowtinge, with countenaunces thereto 
belonginge. 

2. Was shewed the deceipte of taylers in theire manners. 

3. Was shewed the manners of the anticke dauncers, 
with clappinge of handes and other antickes accordinge to 
their fassions. 

4. Was shewed upon his foreheade with his handes the 
forme of a payre of homes. 

5. Was shewed the vice of quarreling and brawlinge with 
fighttinge and swearinge, manner of their fighte with sworde 
and dagger and rapier and dagger. 

6. Was shewed the vayne pastimes of unlawful! games 
of dicing and cardinge. 

7. Was shewed dawncinge with all the toyes therto 
belonginge. 

8. Was shewed the sinnfuU and horrible acte of theeving 
and robbinge by the highe wayes, with cruell murthers 
enswinge sutche deedes, and the cum'nge convayinge awaye 
of himselfe for beinge espyed, with pullinge one his boottes 
and spurres, and makinge as thoughe hee gotte upon his 
horse to escape or ryde awaye. 

9. Was shewed the crafte of shewmakers, with the manner 
of sowinge and beatinge^ of their shwes. 

10. Was shewed the abuse of violes and other instrumentes. 

1 1 . Was shewed the filthye and horrible sinnes of whordome, 
both of the woman and the man. 

12. Was shewd the deadlye sinnes of pride, shewinge their 
sterched ruffes and rebaters, with the manner of clappinge 
them and settinge them, with the settinge stycke of there 
farthingales and hewgnes of their friselled heare, the lengthe 
of their buskes, shewinge with their handes the lengthe of 
theim from the breste to the loweste parte, the openinge of 
theire breste, and beholding them selfes in the glasse, and yf 
anythinge weare amisse, then as yt weare to amende yt ; 
their neclasses, chaynes, ringes, shewinge the manner of 
them by actions befyttinge sutche shewes, with the bringinge 
up of ruffes and cuffes. 

1 These memoranda are connected with the imposture played by 
William Sommers upon John Barrel, the exorcist, which excited great interest 
at the time and led to legal proceedings and a war of pamphlets. See Diet, 
of Nat. Biography, xiv, p. 07, and John Blackner, History of Nottingham, 
1815, p. 3(54 (abridging Dr Hutchinson's Historical Essay concerning Witch- 
craft, Bury St. Edmmids, 1718). 

^ That is ' mending,' from O.E. btlan. 



166 

13. Was shewed the abuse of longe heare lyinge upon 
their shoulders, and the pryde and glorie they tooke in 
wearinge of yt, the abuse of barbars, with their trickes in 
clappinge and showinge and tryminge up of the heare of the 
upper lippe, and twyrlinge the lyttle pycke under the Hppe, 
and strokinge the longe and broade bearde, with castinge 
of sweete water, and the deHghte he tooke in smeUinge at 
yt with drawing up his brethe at his nose, and the annointinge 
of the eyebrees with the sweete balle, and the lookeinge in 
the glasse to amende the loose and straglinge hears with 
pickinge of the hears oute of the nose, and dressinge the 
eares, with other. 

14. Was shewed the sluggeshnes when we come to the 
churche, howe faynedly we take the booke to looke upon yt, 
and straightewaye faule asleep, with snoringe and snurtinge, 
and then agen makinge as though we wolde geve attentyve 
heede, yeet straightewaye faules asleepe agen, with shewes 
of snortinge and snoringe so lowde as yt was harde of the 
beholders. 

15. Seeminge to awake oute of sleepe, he said " God be 
thanked ! " in a scoffinge sorte, " Lorde, increase my faitlie ! " 
Then sayd the minister, Mr. Darrell, " Looke upon me chere- 
fullye, William." And when he begane to looke upon the 
minister, replyed : "I feare yt be not William that 
speaketh." Then the possessed fell owte into a greate lawghter 
that hee hade thoughte he had deceaved the minister. 

16. Was shewed the deadlye sinne of drunckennes, with 
their quaffinge and caroosinge, the fruites that came thereof, 
as brawlinge, fightinge, and kyllinge, and their contynuinge 
in their drunckennes tylle they vomyted and staggerd and 
spued, and in the ende fallinge downe to she we that they 
muste needes sleepe after that beastlie acte. 

17. Was shewed the sinne of gluttonye, sett downe by 
his eatinge so mutche that he fell of spuinge and vomyting 
after yt. 

18. Was shewed also, as the comon sorte judge by his 
writinge, the horrible and spitefuU lybeles that have byn cast 
abroad in this towne of Nottingham. 

19. Was shewed the pride in corckeshewes, showinge first 
his foote the fynesse of yt, and measuringe by his handes 
howe hye the corcke of the heele comonly ys used, and lyke 
wise the use of wearing of the hose ungarthered and the 
bottes in wrinckles. 

20. Was shewed the slighty in pickinge of pursses, with 
puttinge the one hand into the other so sleely as though he 
woulde not be espyed, and when he had picked the money 
oute of the pursse, then dyd he put yt secretlye into his 
mouth, and when he should be pursued, then wolde he she we 
his pocket as yf he should saye " Serche mee my dublet and 
all partes aboute mee," and she we yt more lyvely then any 
cutpursse or pyke-purse in the wourlde coulde she we yt, 



167 

with fayned lookes as thoughe he would crye and lament for 
greefe that he shoulde be chardged wrongfullye, heavingo 
up his handes to heaven in wyttnes that he had no money 
aboute him, but when they were gone rejoyced as yf he were 
glade that he had so escaped. 

21. Was shewed the arte of the pursse-cutters, howe 
nimblye he coulde dooe the deede and with what agilitie, but 
in the ende he shewed he broughte them all to the gallowes. 

22. Was shewed burglarye as breakeing of howses, wyn- 
dowes, wals, and other places to gett in to steale and then 
to hide what he hade stolne, and in the ende to hyde himselfe 
as beinge afreayde to be cawghte. 

23. Was shewed the sinne of covetousnes by scraping 
togeather with his handes and hydeinge the same in the 
earthe, but after wardes beinge provoked, he made as thoughe 
he fetchte yt from the earthe, and put yt into his pocket, 
and afterwardes wente roundlye to the dyce, and in the ende 
lost all that he tooke, and afterwardes returninge to his wliorde 
[--hoard] agen, tooke as before for the maintenaunce of his 
playe, but throughe harde fortune loste all, and then fell 
into greate sorrowe, as yt weare cursinge and baninge himselfe 
for the losse of his money. 

24. He shewed the drawinge of the bowe, and righte 
stroke of the drum. 

The possessed beinge deafe, dum, and blinde all the whill 
hee played theis tryckes." 24. 

1598, March 31.—" Sutton Coldefild.— A Hall holden the 
laste daye of Marche, anno regni regince Elisabethoe xl^^. 

* Symon Veysey, gent., Warden. 

* George Pudsey, arm. 

* Thomas Gybons, arm. 

* Raphaell Massey, gent. 

* Raphaell Symondes, gent. 

* Raphaell Sedgwycke, gent. 

* WyUiam Gybbons, gent. 
Wylliam Hauxford, gent. 

* George Heathe, gent. 

* Jhon Blackeham, gent. 

* Richard Barlowe. 

* Jhon Turnor. 
Jhon Hall, absent. 
Wylliam Sheppard. 

* Henry Sherratt. 

* Thomas Yardley. 

* Kenelme Yardley. 
Thomas Brookes, absent. 
Henry Turnor, absent. 

* Jhon Heathe, gent. 

* Ry chard Sharpe. 

* Thomas Taylor. 
Robarte Fylde. 



168 

* Henry Sedgwycke. 
Raffe Cowper. 
All these that^ are pricked, beyiige xviij. in noumbre, have 
consentid that yf Mr. Per[cival] Wyllughbye, esquyer. can 
procure the good wyll of the most parte of the free holders, 
that then hit shalbe leafull for hym to make too, three, fore, 
or fyve pole heades (so that he make not the water to reatche 
to Tomworthe waye) in Swarsdale, paynge for every heade 
vj5. viijcZ." 236. 

1598, August 7. — List of members of the household [at 
WoUaton]. 

" A CheckroUe of the number of persones in houshold the 
7 of Auguste, 1598. 

My M[aste]r. 
My M[est]res. 
Mres. Theadoce. 
Mr. Thomas. 



Mr. Edward Willughby. 
Mres. Willughby. 
Mres. Elezebeth Willughby 
Mr. Harry Willughby. 



Mres. Margry Shelton. 
Mres. Willughbe's mayde. 

Mr. Doctar. 



Mr. Rugley. 

Mr. Bettnam. 

Mr. Farren. 

Mr. Broune. 

Artor. 

Gorge Tewcke. 

Edward Beaman. 



Wattares : 

Edward Meadcalfe. 
John Jackson. 
WiUiam Tumor. 
John Robaits. 
John Smaly. 
Richard Goldsmyth. 
Antony. 
Old Bassett. 

In the Buttre : 

Lancaster Gebones. 



1 thar, MS. 



169 

In the Ketchen : 

Robert Redhyll. 

Richard Vohone. 

Symon Setter, the Slaughter man. 

The Ketchen boye. 

In the Brewhouse : 
Bellper. 
Frances Becke. 



In the Stable : 

Olever Perckenes. 
Edward Edney. 



Edward Hancockes, the gardener 
Nichlas Boldon, the myller. 
Richard the Fawckner. 
Deffe Thorn. 
Homfrey Right. 
Thomas HyU [cancelled]. 



In the Dayre House, iij. maydes. 



Mr. Ed. Willughby his man. 
Mr. Doctare his boye. 
Total number is 46 persones." 236 

1598 [wrongly written 1698]. — Statement of the charge 
receipt, and delivery of coals at Wollaton week by week from 
October [1597] to October [1598]. "The wholl gettes this 
yere 13264 rookes^, 1 quarter. The wholl sale and deliverie 
to all persons, railes, and bridges : 13271 rookes, 2 quarters. 
Particular receiptes of money from Gainsborow, Newarke, and 
the Bridges this yere : from Gainsborow ll. 3s. ; from 
Newark, 135?. 195. ; from the Bridges, 3Sl. ISs. 3d. The 
totall charge is 2,977?. 65. Id. The totall receipt is 
2,696?. Is. 6d. . . ." 24. 

Circa 1600. — A map of Gibsmere, Bleasby, and Gorton, co. 
Nottingham, on paper. 169. 

[c. 1600.] — Rules to be observed by miners in the coalpits. 
" The stevers' (sic) charges. 

This is our master's comandment that all you stovers of 
the feild shalle make your just acount unto your undermen 
everye nowne and every nyght what you have gett and sould. 
For every tyme that you do mys, you must losse iij5. iiijc?. 

And for every bourdenne of colles that you do sowfer to 
be borne from the feild, you must losse xijd. 

1 A definition of a ' rooke ' is given at p. 175, below. Cf. also the 
report on the MSS. of the Duke of Rutland, iv., p. 484. 



170 

And for everye bordenne of wood the like xij^. 

And that you shale make just messeures betwene the 
lord and the countre, to make to every halfe rooke^ ix. cor- 
fulle," and to every three quarters xiij. cor-fuUe, and to every 
whole rooke xviij. cor-fuU of just and good messeure without 
fraud, deseate or guile, as you will answere at your perille. 

And if aney one be takene with aney of the pit candels 
bearinge whome to his house, iiJ5. iiijd^. 

And if ane one be takene withe ane of the pit towles 
[retools] in his howse, to losse iiJ5. iiij^. 

And if aney one be taken cuttinge of aney of the pit rowpes 
or withe aney in his howse. to lowse vj.§. Yii]d. 

And if aney one be taken knotinge^ in of ane worke, it is 
fellonie ; the must b[e] used at the lordes plesure. 

And for every of these defaultes whosoever he is, it must 
be taken up of his wages the next Seterday after. 

More, if aney mann do take ane of the lordes money 
without the comand of him or his offe[ce]res, to losse xs., 
and so to departte the towne and the feyld." 24. 

1600, May 14, Mansfield. — Montagu Wood '* to the wor- 
shipful! my approved good sister-in-lawe, Mrs. Abigall 
WiLLUGHBY at Sutton Cofilde," complaining of the evil 
behaviour of her sister Frances, "who hathe acquainted 
herselfe with a coople of gentlemen, both strangers to her 
before now and to me, bothe unmarried men and of notorious 
fame, and hathe yelded soe mutche to her pleasures as she 
hathe not refused to goo to taverns to sitt with them." 

1600, July 11, Mansfield. — Same to same, on the same 
subject. 

1604, February 22. — Contemporary copy of petition to the 
king from Capt. William Wasshebourne, " late one of your 
Majesties pentioners of Barwicke," being the farmer of a 
fair to the held yearly on November 11 at Lenton, co. 
Nottingham, at a yearly rent of 2Qli. I3s. id. due to the 
exchequer, praying that, whereas the king by letters from 
the Council ordered that the said fair should not be held 
" for the avoydinge suche daunger of infection as might ensue 
by the concourse of Londoners and other subjectes to the 
said faier," which order was executed by the petitioner. 
" readie to prostrate at your Majesties feete bothe lyfe and 
livinge," nevertheless he, long before he had received such 
order, had repaired thither, being 220 miles from his habi- 
tation, and had made ready his booths and other necessaries, 
at the cost of [blank], besides the loss of the profit of the fair, 
which was his principal means and stay of living, and has 
paid into the exchequer the said rent, for which he has 

1 See page 169, note 1, above. 

2 The contents of a * corf ' or mining basket. See New English 
Dictionary, s.v. ' Corf,' 2. 

3 * Knocking,' beating down ? 



171 

received no benefit ; he therefore prays that the king will, 
in recompense for his loss, grant him another fair to be held 
there yearly upon the Monday in Whitsun Week, at a yearly 
rent of [blank]. 

The king directs the Attorney-General to cause a writ of 
ad quod damnum to be granted, and if it be found that the 
proposed fair is beneficial to the country, he is to draw up a 
book accordingly for the king's signature. 38. 

[c. 1605.] — " Proposals for carrying coal [from Nottingham] 
to London by sea via Hull and for suppl3dng the king 
therewith. 

" In prymes, to delliver all the coalles beneath the bridge 
out of the shipp into the lighteares, and theare to be dis- 
charged of them. 

Item, I desyear to be freed of coUemettinge^ or any othear 
charge to be imposed uppon the fewelle, or the shipp that 
bringes the same. 

Item, that the customars at Holle nor hear [at] London 
shall not have anything to doe for any cocate^ for the coalles. 

Item, that I may be sartaine whear I may fynd a mane to 
receive the coalles when they doe come, that the shipp be 
not forced to stay at thear charge, and to take the wayghte 
of the said coUes. 

Item, that thear might be ordear takene that we may have 
presente paymente out of the custome house for all the 
coaUes that we shall deUivear unto His Majesties ofifecer 
appointed for the receapte of them soe sowne as they be 
dellivered. 

Item, that it may please His Majestic to geave ordear that 
noe mane whatsoever shaU make any warre^, bredges or any 
othear ingeine uppone the river of Trente betwene Notingame 
Bredges and Marname* ferry that may distorbe mee in 
bringinge downe of the said coalles. 

Alsoe, yf any sand-bead or gray ell shall happen to grow 
in the sayd river of Trente in any parte betwene Notingame 
Bredges and Marname ferry, that uppone complainte maid 
unto the lord of that ground whear any such sand-bead or 
gravell shall heppen (sic) to growe that it myght be 
presently amended that the boates may have four foote watter 
to passe, to the end that the cominge downe of the coalles 
bee not theareby hindered, ortherwayes (sic) the river may 
be stoped that we shall have noe meanes for wante of watter 
be (sic) able to bringe downe the coalles to searve His 
Majestic. 

Alsoe, yf it shall happene, and the kinges Majestic sear- 
vysse shall soe requier, that yt may be lawfull for Hugh 
Lentone to take any othear boates to.] bring the coalles, 

1 A charge for measiu'ing coal. 

* Cocket, or warrant. 
3 ' weir.' 

* Marnham, co. Notts. 



172 

payinge them as formarly hath bine accustomed from 

Notingame Bridge unto Gaynsseborowe. 

The prysses of all the coalles from Notingame to Londone, 

with all charges as followeth : 

The first price at Notingame Bredge is YJs., 
besydes I keepe two sarvantes, which hath SOU, 
a yeare, to receive the coalles and dellivear 
them, besydes the rente of my wharffe and 
warrehouse 20li. a yeare theare . . . . y]S. m]d. 

For the carredge of everie tonne from Notingame 

Bredge to Gaynseborow . . . . . . ii]s. 

The charges uppone everie tone at Gaynseborowe 
is Qd., which is for . . . roome and ware- 
house and sarvantes wages theare . . . . vjc?. 

From Gaynseborowe they are carried in keeles^ 
to Hull, which cost 25. uppone everie tone for 
shippinge of them, 4d. which they wast in 
everie place . . . . . . . . . . iJ5. m]d. 

From Hull to Londone the ordinary rate uppone 

everie tonne is viij^., and soe hath usually bine viiJ5. 

Some all: xxs. ijcZ." 24. 

1609, June 15. — Articles of agreement between Sir Percival 
Willoughby, knight, and Robert Fosbrooke, of Trent 
Bridges, within the county of the town of Nottingham, 
yeoman, " his poore servant." Sir Percival covenants to set, 
stack, or " rooke " yearly, during the ensuing seven years, 
" at Wollerton lane end at the new rayles end " 3,000 
" rookes " of new drawn and for the most part hard coals, 
well and" sufficiently stacked or " rooked," by the measure 
now used at the Strelley pits, and of Strelley or Wollerton 
coals, to be stacked to the number of seventy " rookes " 
weekly, so that the carriage of Fosbrooke shall have weekly 
such number there in readiness to fetch and carry away thence 
to the Trent Bridges.^ Sir Percival is to erect by Christmas 
next two " bayes of building " for one to dwell in, and to 
appoint one to see to the safe-keeping of the coals at the 
rail end. Sir Percival is to assign sufficient house-room, 
barns, and stable room to Fosbrooke for laying in of his hay 
and dry keeping of his cattle kept for the carriage of the coals, 
in a suitable place within the lordship of Wollerton. Sir 
Percival agrees to let to Fosbrooke the land in Wollerton now 
in the occupation of Samuel Bishop for the term aforesaid 
Sir Percival also agrees to let to Fosbrooke for the said 
term " all those the barges, boates, or keeles " now or late 
in the possession or use of Sir Percival and Huntingdon 
Beaumont, esquire, which they lately bought of John Bate, 
of London, merchant. Sir Percival also agrees to grant to 
Fosbrooke the dwelling-house of the said Fosbrooke and all 
th e grounds, etc. , about the Bridges, w hich Sir Percival lately 

1 barges. 

2 At Nottinghcun. 



173 

took to ferm of John Bate, and also another house at Newark 
where the coals are now laid. 

Fosbrooke agrees to fetch the coal from the lane end at 
the rate of 3,000 rookes yearly during the said term, and to 
convey them thence to the Trent Bridge to the coalyard, 
and to sell them there or by water, and to pay for the same 
to Sir Percival five shillings and sixpence for every rooke, and 
to pay lOOli. beforehand. Fosbrooke is to maintain the 
boats in good repair, except the keele that John Jervys works 
and " the Bartholemew." 

" The names of the boates belonging to Sir Percivall : 
The John ; The William ; The Constance ; The Anne ; 
The Trinitie ; The Grace of God ; The Speedwell ; The 
Bartholmew ; the keele in John Jervis' hands ; The Henry 
Maria." 24. 

1609, Sept. 20. — Lease for 21 years from Henry Handley, 
of Brampcote, co. Nottingham, gent., to Sir Percival 
Willoughbie, of WoUaton, co. Nottingham, knt., of " all the 
cooles, colemynes, and veynes and delfes of cooles lyinge 
and beinge in the wastes, moores, and common groundes " 
of the said Henry in Brampcote, with ingress and egress to 
and from the said wastes, etc., "there to search for and get 
cooles and to digg, delve and make pitt and pittes, soughe 
and soughes for the gettinge of cooles there, and wood and 
timber to be used in or about any pitt or pittes, or other- 
wise for or aboute the gettinge of cooles to lay in or upon any 
parte of the premisses, and the cooles there gotten to worke, 
stacke, and laye in places conveynient within the said wastes, 
moores, and common groundes," at an annual rent of 20s., 
and upon delivery of four " rookes " of coal annually to the 
said Henry at Wollaton Pittes or Trowell Pittes, and subject 
to delivery of 40 " rookes " of coal for every year that he 
shall get coal from the premises. The lessee is to deliver 
up at the expiration of the term " such and soe many pitt 
and pittes open and chandrable^ and fitt for gettinge of cooles 
therein as shall be wrought and cooles gotten in at any time 
within three yeares next before th'end and expiracion of the 
said terme." 24. 

[c. 1610.] — An inventor's proposal for improved pumping 
machine for use in coal-pits. 

" An ingin to be made that shall di-awe fifteene tumie of 
water in one bower's space at one hundred fadam depth, with 
this hellpe onlye of two able menne ; if the depth be but 
fiftie fadam, one manne shall draw the haulfe of fifteen tunne 
of an hower. And for a cleare proofe that this may and 
will be fully effected, the partie desiring of such an ingin 
shall have a modell of it made, by which it shall be clearly 
manifested unto him that it will carrie or dryve the water 

1 In working order ? Not in New English Dictionary 



174 

to any height whatsoever wheare a pipe may be fixed, below, 
right up or sloape. 

The worke or ingin to be lett downe into the myne or pitt 
shall not be above three footte square and six footte high, to be 
taken in peeces and sett together agayne in two bower's tyme. 

Theare is a modell allredie made of wood, by which it will 
be made manifeste that the greate frame, no bigger yet then 
as aforesayed, shall worke the effect above mentioned. 

Theare is demaunded for the greate worke for his device 
and pajmes only one hundred pounds after the ingin is founde 
to worke the promised effect, conditionally that the inginere 
may keepe the key of the worke himselfe, only that no other 
may know the secretes of it ; which after it is fully fynisht, 
hee will mayntayne at his owne charge, beinge yearly payed 
fiftye pound at Michellmas and Our Lady Day by equall 
porcions. 

The charge of the greate worke at first to the partie that 
will sett the inginer on worke will be fortie pound, the pypes 
excepted, which are presumed to be in any goinge worke 
allredie. 

It is mutche wished and desired that suche an ingein may 
be scene in worcke, as well for the good of a (sic) comon 
wealthe as his benefitt that shall or can continuwe it. 

But smale modles often fayle and soune prove defective when 
they cume to worcke upon heavye and continuall weightes 
in greater proportions, and a smale weight to be drawne a 
hundered fadam will growe heavye before it be wrought up 
and worke many wheeles, which can nott be as it is supposed 
of any solide contineuaunce, beside many unexpected acci- 
dentes both for men and frames, which in such a depthe 
usuallye and day lye happen. 

Theare are at WoUaton neare Nottingham colle-pitts all- 
redye suncke, and mutch tyme, charge and travell imployed 
in tryinge manye conclusions for raysinge and avoydinge of 
watter, yett in fiftye yeardes [read' yeares] past there is now 
founde to reste and relye upon the oulde and usuall cheaine 
pumpe, sutche as ar now used in London to force the Teames 
water to serve there houses. 

There ar nowe at Wollaton three pitts with cheaine pumpes 
onlye imployed for drawinge of water, the bore or hollowe of 
these pumps ar fower inches over, and all or two in continuall 
worke, and the height that the drawe the water is under 
fifteene fadam, a farr lesse proportion for the depthe in which 
men may with better ease both accomadate themselves and 
there frames, wiche will every hower requyre both repayre 
and attendance. 

Hee that ows these pitts at Wollaton, after the water is 
gott out and his collyers have wrought sixe dayes in the 
workes, will weekly pay every Satardaye fortye shillinges, 
soe long as the water may be drawne or kept with any ingin 
whatsoever, that his men may worcke and gett colics. Other 
worckes and mynes not farr of may daylye mend and increase 



175 

his profett that can performe such an ingin, and at WoUaton, 
to further any reasonable project, ther are models to be scene 
of all the water-workes that are of any worth or valewe in 
Italy e, Garmanye or the Low Contryes. 

[Note at the foot of the page :] To inquier in Drewry Lane for 
Mr. Rookes house." 24. 

[c. 1610.] — Propositions from Robert Fosbrooke for the 
sale of coals, either by himself or in conjunction with Mr. 
Beamont. " Articles to be performed by Mr. Beamont. 
For this monye there is expected to be had att the pittes 
2,608 rookes, 2 quarters of coles, which is after iiJ5. xd. the 
rooke, new drawen coales, wherof everie week 60 rookes or 
more to be delivered. Everie rooke to conteyne in measure 
2 yeardes one quarter hye, and one yeard square, close 
stacked. . . Coales to be sold att Newarke for ixs. i]d. the 
rooke and not above, withowt Mr. Beamont's hcence. . ." 24. 

1610, January 20. — Robert Fosbrooke to Sir Percival 

WiLLOUGHBY. 

'' Right worshipful. I have for the most part, with 
Isocrates, held ytt better tacere quam loqui. Butt where I 
am accused, I am forced to mainteyne the contrary, for ytt 
is an Englishe maxime that silence maketh guiltie. To avoyd 
the same I must needes speake, and will therfore saie the 
truthe, for Veritas non querit angulos ; and the rather 
bycause I perceave your worship nott rashlie credulous, butt 
as befitteth justice inclined audire alteram partem, for which 
I praise God, and humbly thanke your worship. In your 
last lettre to me save one your worship exhibited a compleynt 
made by Mr. Beaumontes agent agenst Burton Goodwyn 
and myselfe : of hym for his often absence in his place, of 
me for making no use of your boates. For Burton Goodwyn's 
parte I dare avouche, partly by myne owne knowledg, partly 
by other indifferent men's reportes, that he hath bene and is 
very carefull to supply his place to his owne creditt, your 
contentment and according to your reposed trust, and seldom 
absent butt when any ernest occasion either of your's or his 
owne might provoke hym. To clere myself, I beseeche you 
lett myne owne report prevaile till furtli^r try all, which I 
wishe, for I speak nothing butt truthe. After you graunted 
me your boates, I presentlie traveled one of them to Gains- 
borough loaden with coales three weekes together, and 
refraighted with London goodes for Lenton faire, and ever 
since weeklie to Newark with coales. Th'other boat, being 
leakye and altogether untackled, save her mast-poll, I was 
forced to lett stand till theis defect es were supply ed, and 
in the meane tyme either Hentworth or some of his people 
did use her to fetche gorse without my consent or knowledg, 
and soone after she was caste on Newark weare, from whence 
no help cold gett her of withowt daunger of her hurt, till an 
hye water came, by which meanes I was both hyndred of 



176 

her travell to my losse and payd money for help to gett her 
of agen, and besydes beholden to many, and all this by their 
meanes, and yett I am compleyned on without cause. And 
further, Hentworth tooke her mast-poll from her, and used 
ytt to his owne boates a great while withowt leave, till I urged 
hym to restore ytt. In fine, Sir, they speake me faire, butt 
as the proverbe is habent met in ore et fel in corde. Butt 
theis wronges male shortly be requited with your worship's 
leave and pleasure. 

Towching our sale of coles, we have solde more by many 
then Hentworth hathe. Butt Hentworth male well overgoe 
us in cariadg of more coles to Newark, by cause he nether 
payeth for coles nor cariadg till he have sold them, and we 
paie beforehand, so that we are nott able to have great 
stackes standing by us for wante of stock^, as he male. Butt 
yf ytt pleased your worship to afford us a competent somme 
of money upon sufficient securitie and for interest, or coles 
upon securitie to paie for them when we have sold them, then 
we wold cary more then he can, and can sooner sell them. 
To which end I beseeche you lett us have your furtheraunce. 

Sir, there is now great hope of infinit store of coles to be 
gotten att Strelley, as I heare by Burton Goodwyn, and four 
pittes now going, the getts greatlie exceeding the charges 
alredy, and likly dailie more to increase. The truthe of all 
which I leave to Burton Goodwyn to certefie, who better 
knoweth, for unus oculatus testis valet mille auritos.'^ 

Mr. Huntington is to have Strelley agen, paying 3,300//. 
within one yeare and six moneths next ; his entrance is now. 
He hopeth of 1,500Z^. gayne from Bedlington pittes this yeare 
for his parte, and 500Zi. from Strelley for his part towardes 
the payment aforesaid, butt I pray God this adage be nott 
trew in this case parturiunt monies, nascetur ridiculus 

rmis^ 

Your worship's ever at comandement, 

Rob. Fosbr[ooke]. 

[Addressed .*] To the right worshipfull Sir Percivall 
Willoughbye, knight, att Carlile Howse in Lambeth Mershe, 
over agenst Westminster." 24. 

1610, May 1. — Robert Fosbrooke to Sir Percival Wil- 

LOUGHBY. 

'' Right worshipfull. In the beginning of my preparacion 
for cariadg and purposed imployment of your boates for the 
furtheraunce of your sale of coles by water, which Mr. Hynd 
knowes I have indevored to effect in the best manner I yett 
can, and he with me, I have bene crossed, partly, I feare, of 
envye and partly of otherwyse. For I was cast in prizon by 

1 Capital. 

2 Plautus, Truculentus, ii. 6, 8, ' pluris est oculatus testis unus quam 
auriti decern,' which is quoted bv Erasmus, Adagia, Cbil. Sec. Centuria 
Sexta 54. 

3 Horace, Ars Poetica, 139. 



177 

Mr. Gyles, one of Mr. Huntingdon Beaumonte's freindes, 
and within four dayes after John Henworth (I being in 
prizon) went downe to Newark, and tooke from our men 
the boat which Mr. Hynd and I had ordered to be wrought 
in your name. I caused one of them to be brought up to 
the bridges, meaning presently to imploy her, and John 
Henworth saith (as I am informed) he will fetche that back 
agen to Newark and tye her to Mr. Huntingdon Beamonte's 
yard, — butt that he shall nott, — which falleth owt to my 
great discreditt, hyndraunce, and the crosse of your wor- 
ship's appoyntment. . . . Sir Thomas Beamont was with 
me, and in myld manner att the first told me his brother 
Mr. Huntingdon did greatly compleyne of me, and many 
for my evill behaviour in my place, and therfore he was sory 
to do ytt, butt yett he did wishe me to make provision for 
some other stay. ... I beseeche you take order with 
Sir Thomas that we maie have libertie to bring coales downe 
the rayles by wagen, for our caridages onely, and we will 
bring them downe by raile ourselves, for Strelley cartway 

is so fowle as few cariadges can passe 

Your worship's in all dewtifull service, ever att comandement 

Rob. Fosbr[ooke]." 

[Addressed to Sir Percival Willoughby at Carlile House 
in Lambeth Mershe.l 24. 



1614. — Papers concerning musters in co. Nottingham. 177. 

1613-14. — "An abstract of this last yeres reckoning for the 
receipt, deliverie, sale, losse and remainders of coles att the 
Bridges from the 4th of October last, 1613, till the 3rd of 
October succeeding, 1614. 

October 4, 1613, the remainder was 122 roo[ke8] 2 quarters. 

Receved since 3,145 roo[kes]. 

Delivered to Newark 2,111 roo[kes] 1 quarter. 

Sold 508 roo[kes] 2 quarters. 

Lost 20 roo[kes] 1 quarter. 

October 3, 1614, the remainder was 626 roo[kes] 2 quarters. 

Hereby appereth the former remainder and receipt since 
to amount to the some of 3,267 roo[kes] 2 quarters. And the 
deliverie, sale, losse and remainder that now is to be 3,266 
roo[kes] 2 quarters. Wherby maie be perceived the dif- 
ference onelie of one rooke in the totall during the wholl 
yere. 

The sale att the railes for the yeare precedent is 1,600 
roo[kes] and better. 

The sale att Newark, as I lerne, 2,500 rookes and odd. 

So that the totall sale att the Bridges, railes, and Newark 
for this yeare past amountes to the some of 4,608 rookes 
et supra. 

The sale att Strelley I do nott yett know. 

M 13 



178 

I beseeche your worship — remember to intreat for me for 
some good part of the upfr[eigh]tes and all the wharfage, till 
better fortunes fall." 24. 



1614, Sept. 24. — Disclaimer by Richard St. George, 
Norroy King at Arms. 

** A Disclamacion. Endorsed : To the Chief-Constables to 
see effectually disclaymed in open markett, and to be sett 
upon the poast to be read by all men, as you will aunswer 
the contrary at your perill. 

The kinges most excellent Majestic, being desirous that 
the nobillity and gentry of this his realme should be pre- 
served in every degree as aperteyneth as well in honour as in 
worship, and that every person and persons, bodies politique 
corporeat and others be knowen in their estates and mis- 
teries without confusion and disorder, hath therefore 
authorized me Richard St. George, Norroy King of Armes 
of the north partes of this realme of England, not onely to 
visitt all the said province to peruse and take knowledge, 
survay and view all manner of armes, cognisances, creastes, 
and other like devices, with the notes of tlie discentes, 
pedegrees, and manages of all the nobillity and gentry therein 
throughout contayned, but allso to reprove, comptroll and 
make infamous by proclamacion all such as unlawfully and 
without just authority, vocacion or due calling doe or have 
done or shall usurp or take upon him or them any name or 
tytle of honour or dignity as Esquyre or Gentleman or other, 
as by his Highnesses letters patent and commissions under 
the great scale of England more plainely doth apeare. 

Know ye that I the said R. St. George, Norroy King of 
Armes, for the accomplishment of his Majesties des3rre, and 
furtherance of his service that way, at this present making 
my survay within the Wapent[akes,] etc., within the County 
of Nottingham, have found these persons whose names are 
underwritten presumptuously without good ground or 
authority to have usurped the name and tytle of Gentlemen, 
contrary to all right and to the most antient custome of this 
land and the usage of the law of armes, which name and 
tytle they are by me admonished no more from henceforth 
to use or take upon them, upon such further payne and perill 
as by the Earle Marshall of England is to be inflicted. And 
for that purpose the Shiriffes and Clerkes of the Assises and 
of the Peace of this County are by me to be admonished to 
forbeare hereafter to wryte or call them by that name and 
tytle. Whereof also, as my commission bindeth me, I thought 
good hereby to advertise all other his Majesties good and 
loving subjecttes of this County that, as they tender his 
Highnes pleasure and desyre in this behalf, they from hence- 
forth shun and avoyd the lyke and forbeare to use in any 
wry ting or otherwise the addicion of Esquyer or Gentleman, 



179 

unlesse they be able to stand unto and justefye the same 
by the law of armes and the law of the realme. 

Given at Nottingham, the xxiiij'^ of September, 1614, 
under the seale of mine office. 

Ric. St. George, 

Norroy King of Armes. 
^At Notingham. 

Robert Porter, of Byngham. 

Thomas Shipman, of Scarington. 

Hugh Kirchiver, of Orston. 

Joell Barnard, of East Bridgford. 

Francis Kilbourne, of Stanford. 

WilUam Rice, of Coshall. 

Nicholas Strey, of Beeston. 

Henry Brock, of Broxtow. 

Geoffray Brock, of Basford. 

George Harstaffe, of Eastwood. 

Henry Pinnere, of Chill well. 

Ralph Somershall, of Mansfield. 
At Newark. 

George Foxe, [of] Carleton. 

Henry Mather, of Earleshall. 

Luke Williamson, of Rolston. 

George Wise, of the same. 

William Gill, of the same. 

William Sturte vaunt, of Carlton. 

William Killimen, of Normanton. 

John BristoU, of Maplebeck. 

William Sturtevant, of Norwell. 

Michael Grundy, of Thurgarton. 

William Reason, of Skegby. 

John Truman, of Stoke. 

William Pocklington, of South Scarle. 
At Retford. 

Henry Bromwell, of North Wheat[ley]. 

John Boothe, of the same. 

Philip Colly, of West Retford. 

John Brock, of Bole. 

Alexander Jessop, of Haydon. 

Richard Brigges. 

Charles White, of Sturton. 

James Bacon, of Wellhaw. 

George Dunston, of Edwinstow. 

Roger Nettleship, of Becldngham. 

Henry Wright, of Egmanton. 

Gilbert Apleby, of Rampton. 

Thomas Langley, of Wirksop. 

WiUiam Wood, of Blithe." 24. 

1 The list of those disclaimed at Nottingham is printed, from Harl, 
MS., at the end of the Visitations of Nottinghamshire, 1569 and 1614, Harleian 
Society, 1871, p. 190. 



180 

[c. 1615], February 8. — Bridget Willoughby to Sir 
Percival Willoughby, her husband, concerning the behaviour 
of their daughters. 

'* I thought it good to let you understand your dater Storlie 
cam to me yesterday, and toulde me she did not like to put 
awaye her maids, being as well able to give them wages as 
she had beene and that she should never have sutche againe, 
and that she would not put them away for your plesur, and 
you had given her very hard speeches upon noe occasion, and 
she meant not to goe to London nor she knowes not how 
you will loke upon her when she is there, and she is soe gret 
with Mr. Candishes^ son that she is fullie minded to have 
him. Your goodwill must be asked in this bisines ; but 
whether you like it ore noe, it must goe forwards and be a 
matche. Mr. Masons (sic) dyned here yesterday, and desiered 
to specke with me, and then desiered my liking in it, for if 
you woulde loke to the making the, assurances it woulde do 
well, bothe for a present estate and a greter after Mr. 
Candishes tim. I toulde him it woulde a done he had com 
to you afore your goinge, and mad you acquainted with his 
speeches. He assured me my Lord Candishe woulde talke 
with you in London about it, and assure you what he should 
have, and he did not thincke but it would be to your likinge, 
which if it be not, you must presentlie determine what you 
will doe, for her (sic) is everie day sending to her, and she 
going thether, and to dayes agoe he cam hether for her with 
my Ladies carrouche- and four fotemen to attend her, besides 
horsemen. But my Ladies horses toke a flinging while the 
stayd for your dater's triming, and brocke my Ladies caroche,^ 
overthrew the man, and to of the horses rane to Nottinggam, 
and to the [were] catched in the connyber^ with mutche adoe. 
Yet this visions gentlewoman with like maide went forwarde 
afote, and ther staid tell darke night, and then cam hether 
againe in another carroche with my Ladies gentlewemen and 
grete atendance. And it were not amise if you coulde spare 
som to dayes to com downe and safe all our credites, which 
she hath lost, and it may be you may in presence mend that, 
or save that, which otherwise never will be. And now you 
may beleeve her maide will not away tell she have mad her 
profit by her, and yoiu* daugheter Mynors went from hence 
with a good doble fornytur, which I thought should a carryed 
her whom, but I here sence she was bravelie furnytured and 
set upone a stone horse single, and one was faine to lead him 
by the hed and finely clokeed (sic) and savegarded, yet she saide 
she had not halfe those thinges she sent for, and exspectes 
mutche to be sent her. And now Nottinggam begines to 
talke one him, and it were not a mise they that have taken 

1 Cavendish, 

2 Coach. 

8 Rabbit-warren. 



181 

all this care for her, would now doe so mutch as to com paye 
the mony he hase borrowed in divers places. 

Grase Yerlies husband Bodd is dead. 

And thus hoping onse to be freede of this fransie company 
and to be at some beter quyet, I rest, Februarie this 8, 

Yours, B. W. 

Let me here you have receved this letter. 

[Addressed :] To the Right Worshipfull Sir Percivall 
Wyllughby, knight, neere Lambith at Carlile House give 
these. Speede." 24. 

[c. 1615], February 11. — Bridget Willoughby to her hus- 
band, Sir Percival Willoughby, concerning the marriage of 
their daughter with Mr. Cavendish. 

" I have sent you a troncke yesterday by the carriar of 
Nottinggam, and a rounde basket without a lid with ij. 
rownds of brawne and iij. toungs in it. Dowting you would 
be com away afore the carrier had delyvered it makes me 
remember you that som body may be bed^ put them in sowse 
drincke. For here is grete forwardnes, and you had neede 
make som hast downe, to know what shall be assured, other- 
wise they will be maried, and after assurances will com but 
slow. And now Mr. Mason seemes to perswade your daughter 
to goe up with me, but her maid, who knows all, saith she 
dar lay anything she wiU not, and if it fall out that she will, 
I am sure he wiU com up to with her, and the riding, flawning, 
roysting, and flortting by the way will be sutche as every 
ostelor will talke of it. He is every day here and in her 
chamber, and Mr. Rosell and Mr. Mason, and banketes in 
her chamber. If you can com, make a end of it ; which 
being done one the soden, you may saufe cost, which other- 
wise she meanes to put one you, for she talkes of many nue 
gownes which she intends to have of riche stufe. And sence 
it must be a matche whether we will or noe, methinkes all 
things considered, it were best ended at Mr. Candy shes house, 
and it is a good riddance a sutche a gentlewoman, who saithe 
your harde speeches to her hathe mad her make mor hast 
then otherwise she woulde have done. If I did know whether 
you would com or noe, I wold brue som iij. hougheds of here, 
for her is but v. hougheds left. Februarie the xj. 

Yours, B. W. 

Your daughter Jell is with her mother-in-law. She went 
a Wensday last. 

[Addressed :] To my lovinge husbande, Sir Percyvall 
Wyllughby, knight, give thise." 24. 

1616, June 15. — Robert Fosbrooke to Sir Percival 
Willoughby. 

" Sir, as I do nott cease dailie to praie to God for the helthe 
and happines of your worship and all yours (according to 

1 Bidden. 



182 

my bounden dewtie), so longeth my heart to imbrace those 
meanes wherby my loyall service might bring wished profittes 
to your contentment, and give powerfull comfortes to my 
present weaknes. The hopefull helpes and UkeHe meanes to 
produce theis effectes (Deo non obstante) are your colemynes 
and misterie of glassemakinge. God hasten the convoye of 
them bothe within your lordship of WoUerton, for then I 
feare nott to you [Deo favente) a pecuniall contentacion, and 
to your poore servant (dignitate tua juhervte) a competent 
satisfaccion. Of theis I humbly praie for speedie and good 
tydinges, and wished progresse. And for th'one, to my 
comfort, I understand your purposed proceedinges by your 
clearing of your soughes, which I weeklie frequent, wher by 
Toll et socios I am informed of the desired succes and eminencie 
therof . And for th'other att this present there is come downe 
a proclamacion prohibiting the making of any more glasse 
with wood ; by the which I conjecture a likelihood of the 
re-establishing of the former comission, and so by consequence 
a hopefull meane to settle some workes therof within your 
lordship here, wherof I beseeche you be myndfull, for ytt 
wilbe for your great good. . . . 

And humbly desiring to heare of your worship whether 
there be hopefull newes of the glasse-making here, bycause 
ytt wold comfort me and make me looke to be better pre- 
pared for the ma[king] therof. These fornesses will cost more 
for building then . . . estimate by muche. Et sic Deus 
Opt. Max. tvAim dignitatem [con]servet incolumem et super- 
stitem reddat ! 

Your worship's ever att comandement, 

Rob. Fosb[rooke.] 

Post scriptum. — Old Lady Manners is dead." 

Addressed to Sir Percival Willoughby at Carlile House in 
Lambeth Marshe. 

This letter refers to the valuation (" extending ") of the 
coalmines at the suit of certain merchants, creditors of the 
Beaumonts, by a jury at Mansfield, and states that " upon 
the 6 of June was likewise intended an inquisition att the 
iron-milles, butt there being no iron in the warehowse, saving 
a stock thought worth 500^*., which lay all upon my Lord 
of Huntington's grownd, they made there no further adoe, 
as I thinke bycause first they will talke with the erle of 
Huntington." 24. 

[c. 1615.] — Huntingdon Beaumont [to Sir Percival 
Willoughby]. 

'* Good Sir, whereas you write unto me to pay unto Sir Philip 
40 or 60li., some parte thereof he hath had, and sholde have 
had all yf I had it, but he seeth plainlie that my receites, as 
this yeare falleth out, will but pay the weekelie charge, and 
in verie truthe the coolemines for ought that I can see can 



183 

not answere their owne charges. Yet you knowe that I must 
pay one thousande markes to Sir John and him, besides 
usurie, which biteth to the verie boone, and the continuall 
charge of removinge cooles to the bridges, everie loade whereof 
I doe hier to be done, and pay weekehe the same. Yf you 
please but to consider theise thinges, you may well thinke 
that I have much adoe for monie, and so I have as ever I 
had in my life ; neither knowe indeede which way to turne 
me, our sale beinge so bad as it is. This yeare will prove 
worse unto us bie one thousande poimdes then ever any mortall 
man cold have imagined, in respect of the unseasonable 
weather, which hath greatelie diminished our sale, and much 
encreased our charge, so that as you write unto me that it 
rayneth continuallie upon you (which is no small griefe for 
me to heare), so may I most trulie say that it poureth downe 
upon me, I feare to the verie drowninge of me. . . . 

I pray you sende for Mr. Bate to come [to] you, and sounde 
him thoroughlie what they intende, for though Trente be 
almost continuallie banke full and bootes might goe downe 
at pleasure, and they mighte have sente downe three or foure 
hundred poundes worthe of cooles and made us some retorne 
that way, they will doe nothinge at all, not one booote 
styrrethe or one boote moveth, but lay a heavie loade upon 
my back, and will not put to their little finger to it to ease 
the same 

You have further written unto me to enter into two thou- 
sande pounde bounde to Sir John Hollis and to Mr. Zacheverell. 
. . . You knowe. Sir, that I am alreadie bounde for above 
three thousande poundes for you, and that yet I could never 
bie any possible meanes get out of any one bounde that ever 
I entred into. Thinges have gone so crosse with us both, 
and yf Mr. Bate doe but faile us in renewinge our boundes 
in November next (which I much feare), then am I sure to 
be clapped up too, and then what will become of theise 
businesses ? I pray you therefore, good Sir, first let us 
endevour to get out of the old boundes, and then I shalbe 
readie to enter into new as far as you please, for I doe assure 
you that I am alreadie so far in boundes aboute theise 
businesses as were they to begin againe, all the coole-mines 
in Englande sholde [stand] alone for me before I wold 
adventure so far for them all. . . . 

Touchinge the wharfe, I can not advise you to deale in it, 
for here is neither monie, neither knowe we whether ever 
the busines will come into our handes, but I have acquainted 
Lenton with all, and yet have no answere. 

And this with my landest salutations to yourselfe, to my 
good ladie, and all yours, I take my leave. 

Wollaton, the vj. of August. 

Your verie assured lovinge frende, 

Huntingdon Beaumont." 24. 



184 

[1617]. — Description of the people and country of Scot- 
land, and of the reception of James I. in that country. ^ 

•' First for the country, I must confesse it is too good for 
those that inhabit it, and too bad for others to be at the 
charge of conqueringe it. The ayre might be wholesome 
but for the stinkeinge people that lyve in it, and the ground 
might be made fruitfuU had they witt to manure it. Theire 
beastes generallye are smale (women only excepted), of which 
sorte there are noe greater in the world. There is greate 
stoare of fowell, as foule houses, fowle lynnen, fowle dishes 
and pottes, fowle trenchers and napkyns, fowle sheetes and 
shirtes, with which sorte of fowle wee had hked to fare as 
the children of Israeli did with theire fowle in the wildernes. 
They have greate store of fish too and good for those that 
can eat it rawe, but if it come once into theire hands, it is 
presently three days oulde. For theire butter and cheese, 
I'le not meddle with it att this tyme, nor noe man at anye 
tyme that loves his lyfe. They have hkewise greate store 
of deere, but they are so farre from the places where I have 
yett beene as I had rather beleeve it then goe to disprove it : 
I confesse all the deere I mett with was deere lodgeinge, 
deare horsemeate, deare tobacco and English beere. As for 
fruite, for theire grandam Eve's sake they never planted 
anye. And for ther trees, had Christ beene betrayed in this 
countrey, as doubtles he should have beene had he come as 
a straunger amongest them, Judas had sooner founde the 
grace of repentaunce then a tree to hang him selfe on. They 
have many hills wherein they tell men there is much treasure, 
but they shew none of it. Nature hath only discovered 
unto them some mynes of coales to shew to what end shee 
created them. I see little grasse but in theire pottage, and 
noe flowers but such as modestye forbidds me name. The 
thistle was not given them for noughte, for it is the fairest 
flower in theire garland. The word ' hay ' is heathen 
Greeke to them, neither man nor beast knows what it 
meanes. Corne is reasonable plentifull at this tyme, for 
since they harde of the king's comeinge, it hath beene as 
unlawfull for the comon people to eate wheate as it was of 
old for anye but the priestes to eate of the shoebreade. They 

1 This scathing description of the Scotch was printed under the title of 
' ' A perfect Description of the People and Country of Scotland. London, 
printed for J. S. 1659," 12 mo., 21 pp. It is reprinted in the ' Secret History 
of the Court of James the First,' Edinburgh, 1811, ii. 75, and in NichoUs 
' Progresses of King James I.' iii. 338. (From information supplied by 
Professor Firth.) See also ' Calendar of State Papers, Domestic,' 1623-6, 
p. 550. The present text is in many cases superior to that already printed, 
and has the merit of being derived from a contemporary MS., which seems 
to have been addressed to some Nottinghamshire gentleman, judging from 
the reference to Wallingwells (page 186, note 1), which puzzled the printers of 
the 1659 text. The letter is ascribed to Sir Anthony Welldon, author of the 
' ' Court and Character of King James, ' ' and is said to have been written 
during the king's visit to Scotland in 1617. " The piece having been found 
wrapped up in one of the records of the Board of Green Cloth, was traced 
to Sir Anthony Welldon, and led to his dismissal from Court ' ' {Secret History, 
ii. 75). The passages in brackets are supplied from the printed text. 



186 

prayed much for his comeinge, and long fasted for his welfare.^ 
All his followers weere welcome but the guarde ; those they 
say looke lyke Pharaoh's leane kyne and threatten a dearth 
where ere they come. They would perswade the footemen 
that oaten cakes will make them long-winded, and the chil- 
dren of the Chappell they have brought to eate of them for 
the maintenaunce of theire voices. They say our cookes are 
too sawcye, and for groomes and coachmen, they wish them 
to give theire horses noe worse then they should be contented 
to eate themselves. They comende the brave mindes of the 
pentioners and gentlemen of the chamber, who choose rather 
to goe to tavernes then to be always eateinge of the kinges 
provision. They likewise comende the yeomen and pages 
of the buttrye and seller for theire retirednes and silence, in 
that they will heare twenty e knock before they answere one. 
They perswade the trumpeters that fasteinge is good for men 
of theire quallitye, for emptines, say they, causeth winde, 
and winde makes a trumpet sounde sweetelye. The bringinge 
of heralds they say was a needeles charge, for they all know 
his pedegree well enogh, and the herbingers might have beene 
spared, since the[y] brought so many bedes alonge with them 
and of twoe evills, since the lesser is to be chosen, they wishe 
the bedes may remaine with them and the poore herbingers 
keepe their places and doe their office as they returne. His 
hangeinges they likewise desire should remaine theire as 
reliques allwaies to putt them in minde of His Majestic, and 
they promis to dispence with the woven ymages therein, but 
for the graven images in his new beautified chappell, they 
threaten to pull them downe soone after his departure and 
make of them a burnt offeringe to appease the indignation 
they imagin is conceived againste them in the brest of the 
Allmighty for sufferinge such idolatrie to enter their king- 
dome. The organs, I thinke, will find mercye, because, as 
they sale, there is some affinity betwixte them and the bagge- 
pipes. The skipper that brought the singinge men with their 
papisticall vestmentes complaines that hee hath beene much 
troubled with a strange singinge in his head ever since they 
came aboarde his shippe, for remedie whereof the pastor of 
the parishe hath pers waded him to sell the profaned vessell 
and distribute the money amongst the faithfull brethren. 

For His Majesties entertainement I must confesse ingen- 
iously hee was received into the parishe of Edenborrowe, 
for a cittie I cannot call it, with greate shoutes of joye but 
noe shewes of charge, for pageantes they hould them idolatrous 
thinges and not fitt to be used in so reformed a place. From 
the Castle they gave him some peeces of ordinance, which 
surely hee gave the Castle since hee was kinge of Englande, 
and att the entrance of the towne the[y] presented him with 
a goulden bason, which was carried before him on men's 

1 The printed text here adds " but in the more plainer sense that he 
might fare the better." 



186 

shoulders to his place, the place, I thinke, indeede from 
whence it came. They protested that yf Christ had come 
from heaven, Hee could [not] have beene more wellcome : I 
beleeve it, for His Majestie came but to sommon them to 
a Parhament, and Christ would hove sommoned them to 
judgment, which they love not to heare of. He was conveyed 
by the yonkers of the towne (which were some C. holbdeeres, 
deerely shall they rue it, in respect of the charges) bo the 
Crosse, and soe to the High Church, where the onely bell 
they had stood on tiptoe to behoulde his faire face ; where 
I must intreate you to spare him for an houre, since I confesse 
there I left him. 

In the meane time to report the speeches of the people con- 
cerninge his never sampled intertainement, were to make 
this discourse too tedious unto you, as the sermon seemed to 
those that [were] constrained to indure it. After the preach- 
ment, hee was conducted by the same holbdeeres unto his 
palace, of the which T forbeare to speake, because it is a place 
sanctified by his divine Majestie, onely I wishe it had been 
Wallinge Wells* for my frendes sakes that waited on him. 

2To bringe the Major backe to his lodginge, who all this 
while accompanied His Majestie, were to much to amplifye 
my storye, because the gentleman lodges three stories high. 

I will onelye breifly and faithfully speake of the people, 
according to their degrees and qualityes. 

For the Lordes Spirituall they may well be called soe, for 
indeede they are neither fishe nor fleshe, but what it shall 
please their earthly God the Kinge to make them. Obedience 
they houlde better thenn sacrifice, and therefore they make 
a mockerye at martyrdome, sayinge that Christ was to dye 
for them and not they for Him. They will rather subscribe 
then surrender, and rather dispence with smalle thinges then 
trouble themselves with greate disputacions. They will 
rather acknowledge the kinge to be there head then want 
wherewith to pamper their bodies. They have taken greate 
paines and travaile to compasse their bishoprickes and they 
will not lose [them] for a trifle. 

For the poore deacons whose desertes will not lift them up 
to dignities, all their study is to disgrace them that have 
gott the least degree before them, and because they cannot 
wr3rte bishop, the[y] proclaime they never read of any. The 
scripture, say they, speakes of deacons and ellders, but not 
a worde of deanes or bishops ; their discourse is full of 
detraction, their sermons nothinge but realinge, and theire 
conclusions either heresie or treason ; for that religion they 
have I confesse it is above my reache, and, God willinge, 

1 The printed text reads ' ' better walls, ' ' but the reference is to 
Wallingwells, in the manor of Carlton-in-Lindrick, co. Notts. In 1G12 the 
possessions of Wallingwells priory were held by Humphrey Pype, but Sir 
Gervase Clift<:>n, who held the manor of Carlton, had also possessions in 
Wallingwells. See Thoroton, J^otta, 466b, 467. 

2 The whole of this paragraph is omitted in the printed text. 



187 

I will never stretche for it. They christen without the crosse, 
marrye without a ringe, receive the sacrament without 
reverence, dye without repentance, and bury without divine 
service. They keepe no holydaies nor acknowledge any 
Sainct but Sainct Andrew, who they said gott that honor 
by presentinge Christ with an oaten cake after His 40tie 
daies fast. They saie likewise he that translated our English 
bible was the sonne of some maulster, because hee speakes 
of a miracle done with barley loaves, whereas they sweare 
they were oaten cakes, and no other bread of that quantity 
could have satisfyed so many thowsand people. They use 
no praier att all, for they saie it is needeles, God knowes their 
wantes without their pratlinge, and what hee does, hee loves 
to doe freelye. Their Sabboth daies exercise is preachinge 
in the morninge, and persecutinge their backbiters after 
dynner. They goe to church in the forenoone to heare the 
lawe and to the cragges and mountaines [in the] afternoon 
to louse them.i They hould their nose yf you talke of 
b[earbaiting], and they stoppe their eares yf you speake of 
a plea[y]. Fornicacion they hould but a pastime, wherein 
man's abilitye is aproved and the act[iv]itye or fertilitye of 
women discovered. Adultery they [shake their heads at]. Theft 
they reale att, murder they wincke at and blassphemy they 
laugh att. [They think it impossible to lose the way to 
Heaven if they can but leave Rome behind them.]'* 24. 

1618. — Papers concerning musters in co. Nottingham. 177. 

1618. — Portion of a news-letter, giving an account of 
the proceedings in Spain on the return of Gondomar from 
his embassy to England. The letter is rather carelessly 
copied, and has clearly not been compared with original 
before being despatched. 

'' Newes from Spaine. 

His Catholique Magestie had given commandement presently 
upone the retourne of Seignior Gondomar, his Leiger 
Embassador from England^ (1618) [to holde] a speciall 
metting of all the princip[all] states of Spaine whoe where 
of his counsell, together with the presidents of the counsell 
of Cetstilie, of Arragon, of Italy, of Portugal!, of the 
Indies, of the Treasure of warre, and especially of the 
Holy Inquisition should be held att Mawson'' in Arragon, the 
Duke of Lerma* being apoynted President, who should make 
declaration of His Magistie's pleasure, take accompt of the 

1 ' ' themselves, ' ' printed text. 

2 Sarmiento, created Count of Gondomar in April, 1617, left London 
for Spain on 16 July, 1618, and set out on his return journey on 21 Novem- 
ber, 1619 (Gardiner, Prince Charles and the Spanish Match, i., pp. 135, 301). 

3 An error for Manson, i.e., Manchones ? 

4 The power of the Duke of Lorma, the favourite and Prime Minister 
of Philip III., came to an end in October, 1618 (Mariana, Historia de Espana, 
lib. xvi., p. 621). 



188 

Embassador's service, and consult longeing the estate and 
religion respectively, to give satisfaction to His Holines Nuntio, 
who was desired to make one in this assembly concerning 
certayne overtures of peace and amyty with the English and 
other Catholique projects which might ingender susspicion 
and jelousie betwixt the pope and His Magestie if the mistery 
were not unfolded and the ground of those counsells dis- 
covered afore hand. 

This made all men expect the embassador's return with a 
kind of longing that they might behold the issue of this meeting 
and see what good for the cathohque cause the embassador's 
imployment had effected in England answerable to the 
generall opinion conceeved of his wisdome, and what further 
project would be sett on foote to become matter for publique 
discourse. 

At lenght he arived and had present notice given him from 
his Magistie that before he came to court he should give up 
his accompt to this assembly, which command he gladly 
receeved as an ernest of his acceaptable service, and gave 
thanks that for his honour he might publish himselfe in soe 
juditious a presence. 

He came first upone the daye apointed to the counsell 
chamber (except the secratarye) not long after all the counsell 
of state and the presidents meet ; ther wanted only the Duke 
of Lerma and the pope's Nuntio, who were the head and 
feete of all the assembly. These two stayed long away 
for divers respects, the [Nuntio] that he might expresse the 
greatnes of his Master and loose the sea of Rome noe respect 
by his oversight, but that the benches might be full to 
observe liim at his aproache, the Duke of Lerma, to 
expresse the authority and dignity of his owne persone, and 
to shewe how a servant put in place of his master exacts 
more service of his fellow-servants then the master himselfe. 
These two stayed tell all the rest were wery of wayting, but 
at lenght the Nuntio, supposing all the counsell sett, lanched 
forth and came to road in the councell chamber, where (after 
mutuall dischard[ge] of duty from the company and blessing 
upon itt from him) he sate downe in solempne silence, greiving 
att his oversight when he saw the Duke of Lerma absente, 
with whome he strove as a competitor for pompe and glory. 

The Duke had sente before and understood of the Nuntio's 
being there, and stayed something the longer that his boldnes 
might be observed, wherin he had his desire, for the Nuntio 
having a while patiently driven away the time with severall 
complements to severall personnes, had now allmost runne 
his cour[t]ship out of breath, but the Duke of Villa Hermosa, 
president of the counsell of Arragon, fead his humor by 
the discharg of his owne disconten[t]ments upon occasion 
of the Duke of Lerma his absence, and beckoned Seignior 
Gondomar to him, using this speach in the hearing of the 

1 or, MS. 



189 

Nuntio after a sporting manner : ' How unhappy are the 
people were you have bene, first for ther soules, being 
heriticks, then for their estats, where the name of a favorite 
is soe famihor. How happy is our estate, where the kies of 
Kfe and death are soe easily come by (poynting at the 
Nuntio), hanging att every religious girdle, and where the 
doore of justice and mercy stand equally open to all men, 
without any respect of personnes.' The embassador knew 
this ironicall stroke to be intended as a by blowe at the 
Nuntio, but fully att the Duke of Lerma (whose greatnes 
beganne now to waxe heavy towards declension), and ther- 
fore he retourned this answere : ' Your excellency knoweth 
the estate is happie where wisse (sic) favorits governe kings, 
if the kings themselves be foolish, or where wise kings are 
who, having favorits, whether foolish or of the wisser 
sorte, will not be governed by them. The state of England, 
howsoever you heare of it in Spayne or Rome, is two happy 
in the last kinde. They nead not much care what the 
favorits be (though^ for the most part he be such as prevents 
all susspicion in that kinde, being rather chossen as a scholler 
to be taught and trayned up then as a tutor to teach). Of 
this they are sure, noe prince exceads theirs in personall 
abilitys, soe that nothing could be added to him in any wish^ 
but this one that he were our vassaile and a catholique.' 

With that the noyse without gave notice of the Duke of 
Lermaes enterance, at whose first approch the whole house 
arose, though some latter then other as [if] envy had hung 
plummitts one them to keepe them downe. The Nuntio 
onely sat unmoved. The Duke cherished the observance of 
the rest with a familier kind of cariag to hie for curtesie, as 
one not neglecting ther demeners but expecting it, and after 
a fillicoll [for filial] obeysance to the pope his Nuntio, sat 
downe as president under the cloth of state but somewhat 
lower. Then, after a space given for admiration, preparation, 
and attention, he beganne to speake in this maner : ' The 
king my master, holding it more honorable to doe then to 
discourse, to take from you the expectation of oratory, used 
rather in scholls and pullpitts then in counsells, hath apointed 
me president in this holy, wise, learned and noble assembly ; 
a man naturally of a slow speach and not desirous to quicken 
it by art or industry, as holding action only proper to a 
Spaynard, as I am by birth, to a souldier, as I am by pro- 
fession, to a kinge, as I am by representation. Take this, 
therefore, breefly for declaration, both of the cause of this 
meeting and my master his further pleasure. There hath 
benne in all tymes from the world's foundation one cheefe 
commander or monarch upon the earth ; this neads no further 
proofe then a back-looking into our owne memorys and 
historys of the world, nether now is ther any question (except 

1 thought, MS. So throughout. 

2 'wise.' 



190 

with infidells and hereticks) of that one cheefe commander 
in speritualls, in the unity of whose person the members of 
the visible church are included. But ther is some doubt 
of the cheefe comander in temperalls, who (as the moone to 
the sunne) might governe by night as this by day, and by 
the sword of justice compelle to come in, or cutt of such as 
infring the authorytie of the keyes. This hath bene soe well 
understood long sence by the infalible chaire as that therby 
upon the declension of the Roman emperors and [the] increase 
of Rome's sperituall splendor (who (sic) though it [is] unnaturall 
that the sunne should be sublunorye) our nation was by the 
bishop of Rome selected before other peoples to conquer and 
rule the nationes with a rodd of iron. And our king to that 
end adorned with the title of catholique kinge, as a name 
above all names under the sunne, which is under God's vicar- 
generall himselfe, the catholique bishopp of soules. To instant 
this poynt by comparasone, looke first upon the Grand Seignior, 
the great Turke, who hath a larg title but not universall, 
for besids that he is an infidle, his command is confined within 
his owne territories, and he [is] s tiled not emperour of the 
world but of the Turks and ther vassails only. Among Cris- 
tians the Defender of the Faith was a glorious stile whilest 
the king to whom it was giveri by His Holines continued 
worthy of it, but he stood not in the truth, nether yet those 
that succeeded him, and besids it was no great thing to be 
called what every Cristian ought to be ' defender of the faith ' ; 
no more then to be stiled with France ' the Most Christian 
King,' wherin he hath the greatest part of his title common 
with most Cristians. The emperour of Russia, Rome, and 
Jermany extend not their limitts further then their title, 
which are locall. Onely my master, the Most Catholique King, 
is for dominion of bodys as the universall bishop for dominion 
of soules over all that part of the world we call America 
(except where the English intruders usurp) and the greatest 
part of Europe, with some part of Asia and Africa by actuall 
possession, and over all the rest by reall and indubitable 
right, yet acknowledge th this right to be derived from the 
free and fatherly donation of His Holines, who, as the sunn 
to the moone, lends luster by the reflection to this kingdome, 
to this king, to this king of kings my master. What, therefore, 
he hath, howsoever gotten, he may keep and hold ; what 
he can gett from any other king or comander by any strata- 
geme of warr or pretence of peace [he may take], for it is 
theirs only by usurpation, except they hold it of him 
from whome all civill power is derived as ecclesiasticall from 
His Holines. What the ignorant call treason, if it be one 
his behalf e is truth, and what they call truth, if it be against 
him is treason. And thus all our peace, our warre, our trea- 
tises, our manages, and whatsoever intendment else of ours 
ames at this principall end, to gett the whole possession of 
the world and to reduce all to unity under one^ temperall head 

J our, MS. 



191 

that our king may be what he is stiled, the catholique and 
universall king. As faith is therefore universall and the 
church universall, yet soe as it is under one head, the Pope, 
whose seat is and [must] necessarily be at Rome, where St. 
Peter sate, soe must all men be subject to our and the 
catholique king, whose particular seat is heare in Spayne, his 
universall everywhere. This poynt of state, or^ rather 
of fayth, wee see the Roman catholique religion hath taught 
everywhere and all most maid naturall, soe that by a keye 
of gold, by intelligence, or by way of confession my master 
is able to unlocke the secretes of every prince, and to 
withdrawe the[ir] subjects allegance, as if they knew themselves 
rather my master his subjects in truth then theirs whom 
ther birth hath taught to miscall soveraine. Wee see this 
in France and in England especially, where at once they 
learne to obey the church of Rome as their mother, to 
acknowledge the^ catholique king as their father and to hate 
their owne king as an heritique and an usurper. Soe we 
see religion and the state coupled together, laugh and weepe, 
florish and fade, and participate of ether's fortune as growing 
upone one stocke of policy. I speake this the more boldly 
in this presence because I speake before none but native 
personnes, who are partakers both in themselves and issues 
of these triumphs above all those of ancient Rome, and 
therfore such (as besids their oathes) it concernes to be 
secreet ; nether nead we restraine this freedome of speacli 
from the Nuntio his presence because that {sic) besids that he 
is a Spaniard by birth, he is allsoe a Jesuitt by profession, an 
order raysed by the providence of God's vicar to accomplish 
this monarchy the better, all of them being appropriate 
therunto and as publique agents and privy councellors to 
this end, wherin the wisdome of this state is to be beheld 
with admiration that as in temperall [warre] it implies^ or at 
least trust[s] none but natives in Castile, Portugall, or Arragon, 
soe in speritualls it implys^ none but the Jesuitts, and soe 
implies^ them that they are generally reputed how remote 
soever they be from us, how much soever obliged to others, 
still to be ours and still to be of the Spanish faction, though 
they be Polonians, English, French, and residing in those 
contrys and courtes. The penitents, therfore, and all with 
whom they deale and converse in theire sperituall traffique 
must neads be soe too. And soe our catholique king must 
neads have an invisible kingdome, and an unknowen number 
of subjects in all dominiones who will shew themselves and 
ther faithes^ by ther works of disobediene whensoever we 
shall have occasion to use that Jesuiticall [virtue] of 
theirs. 

1 of, MS. 

2 ther. MS. 

3 ' employs. ' 
* fathers, MS. 



192 

* This, therfore, being the principall end of all our councells 
according to those to those (sic) holy directions of our late 
pious king Philip the 2 to his sonne, now reining, ^ to advance 
the catholike Roman religion and the catholique Spanish 
dominion together, we are now mett together by his Magisties 
command to take account of you, Seignior Gondomar, whoe 
have bene embassador for England, to see what good you 
have effected their towards the advancement of this worke, 
and what further project shall be thought fitt to be sett one 
foote to this end. And this is breefly the occasion of our 
metting.' 

Then the embassador, who attended bareheaded all the 
time, with a low abeysance, began thus : ' This most 
laudable custume of [our] kings in bringing all office[r]s to such 
an accompt, where a review and a notice is taken of of (sic) 
go[o]d or bad service upone the determinatione of ther imploy- 
ment, resembles those Romish triumphes appointed for the 
souldiers, and as in them it provoked to courage, soe in us 
it stirs up to diligence. Our master co[nverse]th by his 
agents with all the world, yet with none of more regard then 
the English, where matter of such diversity is often pre- 
sented through the severall humors of the state and those 
of our religion and faction that no instructions can be suffi- 
cient for such negotiationes, but much must be leaft in trust 
to the discretion, judgment and diligence of the incombent. I 
speake not this for my owne glory, I having bene restrayned, 
and therfore deserved meanly ; but to forwarne one the behalf e 
of others that there may be more scope allowed them to deale 
in as occasion shall require. Breefly, this rule delivered by 
his Excellency was the card and compasse by which I sailed 
to make profitt of all humors and by all meanes to advance 
the state of the Romish faith and the Spanish faction together 
upon all advantages, either of oaths or the breach of them, 
for this is an old observation, but true, that for our piety 
to Rome His Holines did not onely give but blesse us in the 
conquest of the Newe World, and thus in our pyous per- 
severance we hope still to be conquerours of the Old, and to 
this end, wheras His Excellency in his excellent discourse, 
seemes to extend our outward [forces and private armes 
onely against the heretiques]." 24. 

This is part ( 6i pages) of a newsletter of 24J pages printed 
under the title : " Vox Populi. Or Nevves from Spayne, 
translated according to the Spanish coppie. Which may serve 
to forewarn both England and the Vnited Provinces how farre 
to trust to Spanish pretences. Imprinted in the year 1620," 
without mention of the place of publication. It was written 
by Thomas Scott, B.D., and was suppressed. See Diet, of 
Nat. Biography, li, p. 68. 

[c. 1620] — Recipe for prevention of danger from coal damp. 

1 reinining, MS. 



193 

" For the dampe. 
Take a biishell of unslaict lyme, and lett hyme send yt 
downe and sett yt in the places as neare as the workmen 
wyll, and let yt contenewally remayne tell suche tyme as 
the moystnes of the dampe begyne to sleake the lyme, and 
then let hyme renewe yt contenewally. Yt wyll all somer 
last. Let them take hyd that the do not let any watter come 
to yt. Yf the dampe be very stronge, let hyme put to the 
lyme i]d. of camphyre ; yt wyll drawe yt awaye the soner. 

Wyllyam Poole." 24. 

1627-8. — Papers concerning musters in co. Nottingham. 177. 

1640. — " Newes and relation after the Scottyshe and 
Englysh skirmyshe neare Newcastle uppon Tyne. 

On Fryday, the 28th of Awgust, 1640, the Scottes army 
encamped at a litell vyllage called Newborne uppon the ryver 
of Tyne sixe myles from Newcastle. My Lord Conwaye 
marched out of Newcastle with 3,000 foote and 2,000 horse 
that day in the afternoone ; he caused 2 workes to be made 
which weare to keepe the Scottes from foordynge over the 
ryver. Aboute 4 a'clocke in the afternoone, after some fewe 
muskettes shott, the Scottes ^ mownted some ordinance on 
the steeple of the church of that vyllage, which commaunded 
our workes and battered them soe muche that they that 
weare in one of them fled and forsooke the worke ; the other 
stayed makynge a lyttle resistance, but not long after 
lykwyse fled. 

Theare army consists of 2,300 foote and 4,000 horse. 
After this there horse would have foorded over, but one 
Captayne George Vane chardged them with his troope, which 
behaved themselfes soe bravely that he caused them to 
retyre, his owne horse bejmge kylled under hym, and came 
of with much honor. But the Scottes attempted the passage 
the second tyme and kylled 300 of our foote ymmediately. 
Our commaunder of horse chardged them bravely, but there 
troopes for the most parte ran awaye. Those persons of 
quallytye of our syde that are myssinge are these : Collonell 
Willmott, the Lord Wylmottes only sonne, whoe was scene 
to kyll 3 men with his owne handes after he had receved a 
pistoU shott in his face ; he chardged them alone where his 
troope was left ingaged that it is conceaved that he is rather 
slayne then taken ; Sir John Dygby and Serj ant-Major 
Danyell Oneale weare scene to chardge the enemy and weare 
lykewyse lost, it is uncerteyne whether these are taken or 
sleyne ; Mr. Charles Porter was seene [to] fall dead from his 
horse, he was Cornett to my Lord Newport ; Mr. Rychard 
Nevell chardged the troope which was led by Wyllyam 
Dougles, Shreife of Tividale, and in the lieade of h[is] troope 
valiantly fyghtyng with hym hand to hand slewe hym. Of 

1 ' ' The Scottes ' ' written twice. 

M 13 



194 

o . . . wee doe not heare of any other persons of noate 
that are want3mge. 

But it is soe that there are more persons of quallyty lost 
on thea[re syde] then of ours. Had our men followed there 
leaders and not fled, the[y h]ad gotten the honour of the 
victorye. My Lord Conwey retyred t[hat] nyght with twoe 
thowsand to Newcastle. 

Theare came a post this momynge that brynges word that 
they have taken Newcastle, which, if we could have hjmdred 
there passage over the ryver, they could never have don, it 
being so well fortyfied^on that syde, and so easy to be taken 
on this side." 24. 

1649-50. — Acquittance of the Pipe of Francis Willoughby, 
knt., as Sheriff of Warwick, and papers relating to his 
shrievalty. 271. 

1664, January 12. — Diploma of the matriculation of Francis 
Willoughby in the University of Padua. Endorsed : " My 
admission into the University of Padoa." 24. 

1664r-5, February 7. — Articles of agreement between Sir 
Francis Wiloughbie, knt., and Francis Wiloughbie, esquire, 
on the one part, and William Le Hunt, esquire, on the other, 
for the sale by the said Wilham to them of Middleton 
New Park, co. Warwick, in consideration of the sum of 
4,000Z. 236. 

1666 [-7], March 3.— "A poule bill for the towne of Wollaton, 
etc." The total is ll. lis. Od. at 1.9. a head, except 
'* Mr. John Reanor, gent.," who is assessed at IZ., Henry 
Raworth at 55., Joseph Walker at 3^., and Edward Dovy 
at 45., in addition to the assessments for their wives 
and children. " Assessores : Henry Raworth his marke ; 
Huntingdon Shawe,^ (H) his marke, Henry (A) Archer." 
The latter evidently signed with the mark A. Endorsed with 
receipt, dated 13 April, 1667, by John Boawre, head 
collector. 24. 

1670-1. — Acquittance of the Pipe of Francis WiUoughby, 
esquire, as sheriff of Warwick. 271. 

1703, July 14. — Copy of letter of Panhekoe, Sachem of 
the Mohegan Indians, to Nicholas Hallam. 

" Letter of instruction from Panhekoe, Lachem (sic) of the 
Mohegan Indians, in New England, dated the 14th July, 
1703. 

1 Well-known as the maker of the beautiful wrought iron gate-screens 
at Hampton CJourt Palace. 



195 

To Mr. Nicholas Hallam, of Connectitut {sic), in the Indian 
language. 

The interpretation is as follows : 

' My loving neighbour, Mr. Nicholas Hallam. 

' I am inform'd you are bound for Old England. Lett 
me request you to make me and my condition known to the 
Great Q. Anne and to her noble Council : first of our here- 
ditary right to the soyll and royalltys of our dominion and 
territorys before the English came into the country, inso- 
much that all due loyallty and obedience by our people is 
not conferr'd on us by the English, but by the Gods, who gave 
us a token as an earnest and pledge of our happy reign here, 
and also (as our old seers construed) a more ample reign in 
the othe[r] region : wherefore the Gods had sent to that 
royall family one of their own tobacco pipes, which strange 
wonderment was taken upon the beach at Seabrook or there- 
abouts, it being like ivory with two stemms and the boll in 
the middle. This strange pipe, not made by man, is kept 
choicer than gold from generation to generation. It animates 
all the royall society with a full perswasion that the said token 
is sufficient evidence that they shall sitt amongst the Gods 
in the Long Huntinghouse and there smoak tobacco, as the 
highest point of honor and dignity, and where there will be 
great feasting of fatt bear, deer, and moose, all joy and myrth 
to wellcom their entertainment, etc. Allso in the reign of 
King Charles the Second of Blessed memory, his Majesty 
sent us a token, vizt., a bible and a sword, which present 
we thankfully accepted and keep them in the Treasury as 
choice as we do the aforesaid God's Pipe, hoping it may be 
a safeguard and a shield to defend us, and we in process of 
time may reap great benefitt thereby, and attain to the know- 
ledg of the true and living God. But of late I meet with 
great descouragements and know not what will become of 
our people by reason of oppression. The Court of Hertford, 
I understand, have given all my planting and hunting land 
away to Colchester and to New London ; so that if I obtained 
not relief from the Great Queen's Majesty, my people will 
be in temptation to scatter from me and flee to the eastward 
Indians, the French's friends, and the English's eniniys. 
Pray, Sir, remember my love and service to ye Great Queen. 
Anne and he[r] noble Council. 

July 14, 1703. 

Panhekoe [draiving of crested bird] his marck.' 

The true interpretation of Panhekoe's grievance and 
narration, by me John Stanton, Interpreter Generall." 



196 

MANUSCRIPT BOOKS. 

The oldest MSS. in the collection are some fragments of 
what must have been a magnificent MS. of the Latin bible 
(? in Jerome's version). The existing leaves are written 
in bold uncials of the latter part of the seventh or early part 
of the eighth century, in double columns, each column 
measuring 4 J inches by 14J inches, with very wide margins, 
written forty-four lines to a column. They are rubricated 
in red, and certain verses are also wTitten in that colour. The 
text is written stichometrically. The leaves bear in size, 
handwriting and arrangement a strong resemblance to the 
famous Codex Amiatinus of the Latin bible {Palaeogra- 
phical Society^ Series II, plate 65), which was intended for 
presentation to the pope by Ceolfred, abbot of Jarrow, 
690-716. (See, however, the appendix to this report.) 

The leaves have been used to form covers to chartularies 
of the various Willoughby estates, which were drawn up in 
the early part of the sixteenth century, but which were bound 
at a later time, as the same binding occurs in the Cossal volume, 
which includes deeds of the reign of Edward VI. in the same 
hand as the rest of the volume. 

As the other fragments of an early MS. that were also 
used for binding purposes undoubtedly came from Worcester 
cathedral, as shown in the next notice, it is probable that 
these fragments also came from there. It is worthy of note 
that the monastery of Worcester possessed a Latin bible 
(bihlioiheca) that had been given to it by King Off a, of which 
we possess a description in a forged or interpolated Worcester 
charter assigned to him.^ A more trustworthy description 
of this bible of Offa is preserved in a letter of Senatus, prior 
of Worcester, 1189-1196^, of which an autograph copy is 
preserved at Cambridge. ^ The prior collated this bible, 
which, he states, was written at Rome, but such quotations 
as he gives are derived from the New Testament, whereas 
the Wollaton fragments are portions of the Old Testament. 
The Countess Godiva also gave a hihliotheca, divided into 
two parts, to the monks of Worcester.* 

The following are the volumes in which these leaves are 
preserved : 

Chartulary of Willoughby lands in Middleton, Cossington, 
and Wigtoft, bound in leaves containing (pp. 1, 2) the Book 
of Kings, IV, i, 6 to end, ii, 1 to 16: and (pp. 3, 4) III, 
xxii, 24 to end, and IV, i to 6. 204(279). 

Chartulary of Willoughby lands in Lenton, Radford, Gun- 
thorp, Lowdham, and Sutton (Passeys), containing Kings 

1 Birch, Cartularium Saxonicum, i, p. 328 ; Heming, Chartularium 
Ecclesiae Wigorniensie, ed. Heame, p. 95. 

2 Printed in Martene and Durand, Thesaurus Novorum Anecdotorum, 
i, p. 486, from a MS. of Conches, in Normandy. 

3 MS. C.C.C. 48, noticed in Catalogue of MSS. preserved in the Chapter 
Library of Worcester Cathedral, by J. K. Floyer and Sidney G. Hamilton, p. 
165 (Worcestershire Historical Society, 1900). 

* Heming, p. 262. 



197 

IV, ii, 16 to iii, 25. Pages 3, 4 contain Kings, III, xxi, 
17 to xxii, 24. 204 (283). 

Cliartulary of Willoughby lands in Sutton Passeys and 
Wollaton, bound in stamped leather. The inside covers 
consist of leaves of the bible, one side of each being pasted to 
the cover. There is also an unpasted leaf of the bible at each 
end. The first cover contains Kings, IV, xvi, 20 to xvii, 
15. The inside unpasted leaf contains Kings IV, xv, 12 to xvi, 6. 
The unpasted inside at the end contains Kings IV, xxi, 6 to xxii, 
13. The end-cover is IV., xviii., 36 to xix., 31. Enclosed 
in this volume is a letter, dated Matlock, 1 September, 1803, 
from Adam WoUey, the Derbyshire antiquary, addressed to 
" Thomas Webb Edge, esq., Strelley, Notts, per favor of 
M. Sanders," requesting him to use his influence with Lord 
Middleton to obtain for the writer the loan for a few weeks of 
" the register book of Lenton Priory, which I understand is 
in the possession of Lord Middleton." There is no register 
of lands of Lenton priory among Lord Middle ton's papers, and 
it would seem that the register of Willoughby estates in Len- 
ton had been mistaken for a priory register, which was then 
identified with the present volume, as proved by the insertion 
into it of Wooley's letter. 204. 

Chartulary of Willoughby lands in Cossal and Trowell. The 
covers contain (pp. 1, 2) Kings IV, ix, 26 to x, 19, and 
(pp. 3, 4) Kings, IV, viii, 27 to ix, 25. 204 (280). 

The next most ancient MS. in the collection undoubtedly 
came from the monastery of Worcester, and was intended 
for similar purposes to which the preceding leaves of parch- 
ment were applied. The " Colpyt Booke from the Natjrvytie 
of Our Lorde in anno regni Regis Edioardi Sexti secundo,^^ com- 
prising a few sheets of foolscap, was found to have as guards to 
prevent the threads cutting through the paper two narrow strips 
of parchment, measuring 15 inches by g of an inch, bearing 
Anglo-Saxon writing of about the year 1000. Eventually 
a single leaf, cut in two across the middle and bearing 
traces of its being used as a cover, of the same MS. was found 
in bundle 168. It was probably rescued by Francis Willoughby, 
the naturalist, for in his notebook he refers to grants of 
Kings Off a and Canulfus to monasteries,^ a description 
evidently based upon this leaf. He has written upon one 
half of the leaf " Grants from Saxon Kings," and upon the 
other " Grants from Off a, etc." The leaf, which measures 
17^ inches in length by 12 inches in breadth, the latter having 
been cut down, was evidently cut in two and used as book 
covers, before it came to the hands of this great scholar. 
The leaf and strips are written in a bold Worcester hand 



1 See- 1). 2()0, below. Tlio reference is at p. 5 : " vlide] among the 
settlements old grants from Saxon kings. Offa, Canulfus, Kings of Mercia, 
etc., to monasteries." 



198 

of the latter part of the tenth or early part of the eleventh 
century. The leaf gives copies of seven charters relating 
to the bishop and monastery of Worcester, and the strips 
form portions of three demises by Oswald, bishop of 
Worcester from 961 until his death in 992, who held also tlie 
archbishopric of York from 972. The leaf and strips formed 
part of a Worcester chartulary, which was probably com- 
menced by his orders, for he seems to have introduced con- 
tinental usages either in tenure or in legal documents.^ 
This Worcester chartulary, whether due to Oswald or not, is 
by far the earhest English chartulary of which we have any 
trace, and is therefore of considerable interest. 

From the date of the paper book to which the strips were 
attached, it would seem that part of this ancient chartu- 
lary had come into the hands of the Willoughby family, 
to be used for the purposes of brown paper, soon after 
the dissolution of Worcester priory, on 18 January, 1540, 
when the monks were ejected (Monaslicon, i, p. 581a). 
Four leaves of this chartulary fortunately came at a later 
time into he hands of Sir Robert Cotton, and were bound 
up by him in Nero E. 1, part 2, folios 181 to 184, which are 
now preserved among his MSS. at the British Museum. 
Cotton's leaves have been cut down IJ inches in length and 
1 inch in breadth. The WoUaton leaf came originally in 
the chartulary between folios 182 and 183 of the Nero MS., 
and accordingly the beginning of No, VI. and the end of 
No. VII. in the following texts have been supplied from the 
latter MS. The texts are here printed in chronological 
order, but in the Wollaton leaf they follow in this order : 
VI, I, II, V, IV, III, VII. It is noticeable that the order 
of documents in this chartulary agrees with that followed 
in the later and better known Worcester collection, which 
was compiled by the monk Heming by order of Bishop 
Wulfstan, who died in 1095. The texts of the charters given 
below have been collated with the MS. of Heming (Cotton. 
Tiberius A. 13). The latest text in Nero E. 1 in the original 
hand is a demise for three lives by Bang ^thelred of land 
" set Of re " to the episcopal see at Dewies Stow (St. Davids), 
dated 1005, which does not appear in Heming and has been 
overlooked by Kemble. It is, however, printed by Hearne 
at the end of his edition of Heming, p. 479, followed by the 
Hst of benefactors to Worcester drawn up in Anglo-Saxon 
that follows ^theked's demise in the Nero MS. (fo. 183). If 
this demise was the latest entry in the original hand, as seems 
probable from the great space left blank and then filled up 
by the Anglo-Saxon list, it would seem that the chartulary 
\Vas completed in the year 1005. The collations with Heming 
shew that his texts are frequently longer than those in the 
earlier chartulary, and that he gives immunity clauses that 

1 See Maitland, Domesday and Beyond, p. 312. Cf. p. 305 for Oswald's 
care to record his demises. 



199 

do not occur in it. As the text of the original of No. 1 has 
come down to us, and as it agrees with Heming against 
the older chartulary, it is clear that the differences between 
the texts of the latter and of Heming are due to abbreviation 
in the earlier chartulary and not to expansions by Heming. 
It was probably the omission of the immunity clauses that 
decided Bishop Wulfstan to order the compilation of a new 
chartulary within a century or less of the completion of this 
earlier one. The collations also show that Heming adhered 
much more closely to the orthography of the Anglo-Saxon 
words in the original texts than did the compilers of the earlier 
chartulary, and that he has preserved many archaic and 
dialectal forms that were modernised in the work of his pre- 
decessor. The latter omitted the crosses and Christian 
monogram (the chrismon) at the commencement of the texts, 
but they are reproduced by Heming. In the case of the 
strips the missing part of the texts as printed below have 
been supplied from Heming's texts. 



[691-2.]— Grant by ^J)elred, Kmg of Mercia, to Oftfor,i 
bishop [of Worcester], of the estate called Flsedanburh (Flad- 
bury, CO. Worcester), consisting of forty-four hides. 

This charter has been printed by Smith in the appendix 
to his edition of Beda's Historia Ecclesiastica, Cambridge, 1722, 
p. 764, from the original, which, he states, was lately in the 
possession of Lord Somers, in whose collection it was seen 
by Wanley, Catalogus, printed in Hickes, Thesaurus Linguarum 
Septentrionalium, iii, p. 301, no. 1 (published in 1705). It 
was at Worcester when Dugdale catalogued the early charters 
in 1643 (Ibid, p. 299, no. 3). It has been printed from Smith's 
text and the entry in Heming's Worcester chartulary by 
Hearne in his edition of this chartulary, Oxford, 1723, p. 21, 
by Kemble, Codex Diplomaticus Aevi Saxonici, i, p. 36, no. 33 
(cf. Haddan and Stubbs, Councils, iii, p. 280), and Birch, 
Cartularium Saxonicum, i., p. 110, no. 76. 

FL^DAN BYRIG. 

Apostolus Paulus de extremo judicio Domini manifestissime 
loquens ita refert : * Omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal 
Christi, ut recipiat unus quisque prout gessit, sive bonum, 
sive malum. '^ 

1 Oftfor was consecrated bishop of Worcester in 691 or 692 (Beda, 
Hist. Eccl. iv., c. 23). According to Florence of Worcester he was conse- 
crated in 691 (following Beda) and died in 092. 

^ Smith and Heming here add: — " Quid antem sit, quod apostolus 
pro mentis suis quosque porcepturos adfirmat. Ipso Dominus in euuangelio 
{sic) suo manifestat, dicens : ' Ibant impii in supplicium ifternum, justi 
autem in vitam seteniam.' Hoc sane tromendum ac terribile omnipotentis 
Domini judicium ego Aethiked, Clu'isto largiente, Rex, tota cordis formidine," 
etc., as above. 



200 

Qua propter ego ^J>elred, Christo largiente, Rex totius 
cordis formidine sine cessatione perhorresco,^ ut ibidem 
veniam merear per Dominum adipisci, pro absolutions 
criminum^ meorum vel conjugis-^ meg Osf)ry))g,* terram, 
qug dicitur ' Flaedanburh '^ .XL. iiiio^ cas[satas]* Oftforo 
episcopo in possessionem tradidi^ sempiternam. 

Si quis autem pertinacium contra banc donationem frac- 
toris animo inire^ temptaverit, eamque infringerit,^ sciat se 
sub tremendo examine penas debitas luiturum. 

>^ Ego iEJ^elraed, 1° propriam donationem corroborans, 
titulo sanctg crucis subscripsi. 
^i^Ego Torhtwald comes. >^ Ego Cille. 

^ Ego Ecgfri5.i2 ^ Ego Guthlac.i^ 

^ Ego Folchere. i^ Ego Hsedda^* episcopus. 

>^ Ego Eadwald. >^ Ego OsfriS. 

^ Ego Tuddul. >^ Ego Sigewald. 

►J< Ego Berhtred.15 >J< Ego Oftfor episcopus don- 

ationem, quam a rege accepi, propria manu subnoto.^^ 



II. 

[c. 693-717]. — Copy of endorsement on the preceding 
charter by Ecgwine, bishop [of Worcester], whereby he grants 
the monastery of Flaedanburh (Fladbury) to Adelhard,^^ his 
prince, in exchange for twenty hides at Straetford (Stratford- 
on-Avon, co. Warwick). 

This is printed as above by Smith, p. 765, and from Item- 
ing by Dugdale, Monasticon, ed. 1, i, p. 121a, second ed. i, 
p. 585b, Hearne, p. 23 (in part only), Kemble, p. 37, no. 33, 
Birch, i, p. Ill, no. 76. 



^ Smith and Heming here add : ' ' quapropter ut ibidem sub prae- 
sentia [almi judicis omitted in Heming] veniam merear adipisci pro abso- 
lutione," etc., as above. 

2 Smith and Heming add vel. 

3 Smith and Heming add quondam. 
* OsSrySe, Heming. 

5 Fledan-, Smith and Heming. 

6 casaatorum capacem, Smith and Heming. 

^ Smith and Heming have here in addition: " ut quemadmodum 
primitus tradita fuerat, rursus per iUius diUgentiam monachorum in ea sub 
abbate degentiimi honestissima conversatio recuperetur " [conversatior 
ezuperetur, Heming.] 

® venire, Smith and Heming. 

^ infringere conatus sit. Smith and Heming. 

10 ^Ulred, Smith; Ai)^elred, Heming. 

11 The witnesses' names are arranged differently in Smitli and Heming. 
Smith adds consensi et subscripsi after each witness's name ; Heming gives 
consensi only. 

12 EcfrifS, Smith and Heming. 

13 Qu^Iuc, Smith and Heming. 

1 * Haeadda, Smith ; Headda, Heming. 

1 5 Berhttred, Smith ; Berehtred, Heming. 

16 confirmana suhnotavi. Smith, Heming. 

17 iEthelheard, son of Oshere, Kin^ o^" the Hwiccas {Cart. Sax. i, p. 120, 
no. 85; cf. 193, a spurious Evesham charter). 



201 

FL.EDAN BYRIG. 

Reverentissime^ memorie pontificis Oftfori ego Ecgwine,^ 
Deo dispensante, successor^ existo. Monasterium autem, cui 
nomen est ' Flsedanburh,'* quod in hac eadem kartula^ ex 
altera ejus parte eidem predicto predecessor! meo sub- 
scriptione regali traditum asseratur, huic venerabili nostro 
secundum seculum principi Adelhardo,^ quantum id a me 
fieri potest, in possessionem^ concedo, ea tamen condicione, 
ut semper ibi^ cenobialis vite statuta serventur. Pro 
recomparatione vero hujus nostr^^ donationis in loco qui 
dicitur^ oet Strcetforde^^ .xx. cas[satarum]^i terram^^ j^ jus 
^'cclesiasticum ab eo^^ accepi. Sciendum tamen, me ration- 
abili quadam causa compujsum id voluisse facere, ut ei 
.XLiiii. man[entium]i* terram pro .xx. man[entium]^^ darem, 
id est ea condicione, ut, post diem ejus, terra ista sine contra- 
dictione alicujus ad Wigornensem^^ ecclesiam in jus epis- 
copali sedi sit donata mihi et^' antecessori meo Oftforo^^ 
in elemosinam sempiternam. 

Pax servantibus et confirmantibus ;^^ minuentibus vero 
vel contradicentibus dispersio veniat^^ sempiterna ! 

^ iE|)elric. iEJ^elward.^^ ^Etjelbriht.^i Omuling^s abbas. 
Hi sunt confirmatores et testes hujusce donationis. ^^ 



III. 

780. — Grant by OtYa, King of Mercia, to the monastery at 
Breodun (Bredon, co. Worcester) of thirty-five hides in 
Teotingtun (Teddington, co. Worcester) near the River Cserent 
(Carant Brook, co. Gloucester), Wasseburne (Washbourne, 
CO. Gloucester), at Coddeswaellan in Mons Hwicciorum, 
and at Nor5tun by the River Tyrl (the Tirle Brook, co. 
Gloucester). 

1 Smith and Heming add semper. 

2 Ecguine, Smith ; Ecuuine, Heming. 

^ in episcopatum, add. Smith ; in episcopatu, Heming. 

■* Fledan-, Smith, Heming. 

5 cartula. Smith, Heming. 

6 jE\>hilhacardae, Smith ; JEMhearde, Heming. 
"^ possione (sic), Heming. 

8 inibi. Smith ; inhibi, Heming. 

3 qui dicitur] cujics nomen est, Smitli, ; cui noinen est, Heming. 

10 Stretfordae, Smith; Stretforda, Heming. 

1 1 cassatorum. Smith. Heming. 

12 Smith, Heming add ah co. 

1 3 ah eo] omitted Smitli, Hemhig (see preceding note). 
1* nianentium, in full. Smith, Heming. 

15 manentis {sic), Heming. 

1^ Uuegernensem, Smith ; Uueogernensem, Heming. 

17-17 {III Ojtforo {que Smith) meo antecessori. Smith, Heming. 

18 confirmantibus atque servantibus. Smith, Heming. 

19 perveniat. Smith, Heming. 

2 Ae eluueard. Smith ; j^\>elweard, Heming. 

21 Ae elberht, Smitli; JE])elberht, Heming. 

22 Omulingc, Smith. Heming. 

2 3 hujusce donationis] omitted, Smith, Heming. 



202 

This charter has been printed from Heming's chartulary by 
Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, first ed. i, p. 122b, second 
edition, i, p. 586, Hearne, pp. 26 (in part), 456, Kemble, i, 
p. 169, no. 140, Birch, i, p. 329. 

BREODUN. 

In nomine omnipotentis Dei et Domini nostri Jesu 
Christi, Qui vivit et regnat in secula^ ! 

Ego Off a, 2 Rex Merc[ensium] simulque in circuitu nationum, 
3pro me^^ sahite perpetua animg do terram^ septies quinos 
tributariorum* continentem ad monasterium, quod nominatur 
* Breodun ' in provincia Hwicciorum ad gcclesiam Beati 
Petri principis^ Apostolorum, qu^^ ibidem® sita est, quam 
Eanulfus,^ avus mens, erexit ad laudem^ Dei omnipotentis^ 
in secula. Est autem rus predictum^^ in iiii'*'^ villulas^^ 
separatum, hoc est Teotingtun,^^ qui situs est juxta 
fluvium,^^ quod (sic) vocatur^* 'Caerent,' v. manent[ium]; 
huic adjacet viculus, qui nominatur 'set Wasseburne,'i^ 
qui habet ab oriente vadum, quod^® dicitur ' oet^^ Geolwan- 
forde,'^^ et ab occidente fontanum, qui^^ nominatur ' Gyting- 
broc,' X. cass[atorumJ ; tertius viculus est in monte qui dicitur^o 
' Mons Huuicciorum ' cet Codes ivcellan^^ eque^^ raan- 
s[iones]23 ; 24q^3^j.^^g viculus ^^ est Nor(>'tun x. manentium 
juxta rivulum, qui^® muncupatur ' Tyrl.' Ista ergo consue- 
tudine^^ firmiter atque stabiliter composita,^^ quatinus ad 

I .Amen add. Hem. 

- Dei gratia concedente add. Hem. 

3-3 For this Hem. reads: " sciens certe, quod cuncta que humanis 
conspiciuntur oculis transitoria esse, et que conspici non possunt aeterna 
fieri, et quod cum his transitoriis aeterna meroari posse, ideoque pro mea 
meorumque propinquorum perpetua animae salute dabo terrain." 

* jugera, add. Hem. 

^ principe (sic), Hera. 

in loco, add. Hem. 

7 Eanuulfus, Hem. 

8 et gloriam. Hem. ' 

9 viventis. Hem. 

10 praedicttis, Hem. 

II villulis. Hem. 

12 Altered from ' Tidingtun.' Teottingtun, Hem. 

13 rivulum, Hem. 

1 * nuncupatur. Hem. 

15 Wassartburnan, Hem. 

16 qui, Hem. 

17 Om. Hem. 

18 Qeolwaford, Hem. 
1^ quod. Hem. 

2 quern nominant incola {sic). Hem. 

21 uuellan. Hem. Codeswelle is also mentioned in 855 {Cart. Sax.p 
ii, p. 92, where it is impossibly identified with Codsall, co. Stafford). 

22 X. add. Hem. 

2 3 mansionum. Hem. 
2'* e^ add. Hem. 
2^ hoc add. Hem. 
2 6 quod, Hem. 
2 7 conditione. Hem. 
28 conposita, Hem. 



203 

monasterium prenominatum^ terra ilia et ad prefatam 
gcclesiam Saiicti Petri in jus ^^cclesiasticg libertatis per- 
dono.2 Libera^ sit ab omni exactione regum et principum,* 
tarn in agrorum donationibus vel terrarum positionibus, 
in Omnipotentis Dei nomine precipimus, quamdiu^ fides 
Christiana in Brittannia perdurat sub dominio ac potestato 
parentely^ meg atque cognationi rite per successiones 
heredum juste succedentium permaneat in eternum. 

Conscripta est^ haec donat[io] telluris a me et a^ principibus 
meis, quorum infra signa et nomina notantur^ cet Brsegent- 
forda/^ anno Dominicg Incarnationis^^ .DCC.^ LXXX.*^, 
indictione .III., die^^ passionis Thebe.^^ 

^ Ego Offa^^ Rex hoc meum^* donum^^ signo^^ crucis 
Christii' munio. 

^ Ego KynebryS/^ Dei gratia, Regina Mercensium^® 

consensi. 
►I< Ego lohanbertus archi- ^ Ego Eadberhtus episcopus^^ 

episcopus^'^ 
^ Ego Ceolwulfus epis- i^ Ego Tilhere22 episcopus^^ 

copus.2i 
^ Signum manus Brordan ^ Signum^* Berhtwudi^s ducis. 

principis. 
^ Signum24 Eadboldi^^ ;^ Signum^* Eadboldi^s ducis. 

principis. 

IV. 

[798-821].— Grant by Cenulf, King of Mercia, to Bishop 
Deneberht and the monastery at Worcester of thirty hides 
in Flgedanburh (Fladbury, co. Worcester). 

This charter has been printed from Heming by Hearne, 
p. 25, Kemble, i, p. 271, no. 215, and Birch, i, p. 507, no. 368. 

1 antenominatum. Hem. 

2 perdonabo, Hem. 

3 liherata, Hem. 

* ac subditorum ipsorum, add. Hera. 
5 tamdiu. Hem. 
^ parentillcB, Hem. 
7 autem add. Hem. 
s ab episcopo ac principibus, Hem. 
^ adnotaboy Hem. 
•^0 Brentford, co. Middlesex. 
11 Ghristi, add. Hem. 

12-12 die^ quQ passio Sancti Mauricii a fidelibus celebrat[ur, first minim 
of u being still legible], Hem. 

13 Dei dono, add. Hem. 

14 meam. Hem. 

1^ donationem, Hem. 

1^ sancte, add. Hem. 

1" Hem. omits. 

18 Cyne-, Hem. 

1® hicic donationi regis, add. Hem. 

-0 cs' {= CO use run) add. H. 

21 consensi, Hem. 

|i2 Tilherus, Hem. 

2 3 cons {= consensi), add. Hem, 

2* maniis, add. Hem. 

2 5 Berhtuiidi, Hem. 

2 6 Eadbaldi, Hem. 



204 

FLEDEBYPvIG. 

Ego etiam Cenulf^ rex Merc[iorum] eodem honorabili epis- 
copo Deneberhto et ejus famili^ Weogornensis'' ^cclesi^- post 
vitae^ me^ [spatium] do* terram .xxx. tributariorum in loco, 
qui vocatur ' Flsedan burh,'^ propter traditionem istius 
prenominat^^ terr^, ut perpetualiter perfruantur^ et dimidiani 
partem hujus agri possessionis precipio ut cum illo ad pre- 
dictam ^cclesiam reddatur, que illis diebus illic set Flaedan- 
burh^ {sic) habeatur. Libero^ quoque terram istam sub testi- 
raonio illorum, quorum nomina prescripta liquescunt, ab 
omnibus secularibus rebus, ^ duris ac levibus,^" exceptis'^ 
arcis et pontis constructione et expeditione et singulare pretiura 
foras adversum aliud, ad penam vero neque quadrantem^^ 
for as resolvat. 

Si quis autem hoc servare vel annuere^^ voluerit, sit bene- 
dictus a Deo c^-li omnium possessori. Si vero — quod non 
optamus — aliquis^"* hoc in ahquo frangere vel minuere temp- 
taverit, sciat se alienatum^^ a Deo in die magno, nisi ante hie 
correctus cum satisfactione emendaverit^^ et ad dignam 
penitentiam venerit. 

V. 

814, December 26. — Grant by Coenwulf, King of Mercia, 
to (Bishop) Deneberht and the monastery at Worcester of 
the pastus of twelve men pertaining to that city, in con- 
sideration of their grant to him of the monastery known as 
Bitueonseum and of ten hides on the west of the River 
Severn. 

Printed from Heming's chartulary by Hearne, p. 23, Kemble, 
i., p. 256, no. 203, Birch, i, p. 488, no. 350. 

CENULFES FREOLS. 

In nomine Dei excelsi, Qui est spes omnium finium terre 
et in mari longe ! 

Ego Coenulfi^ ejus melliflua gratia largiente rex Mercfiorum], 
cum consilio et consensu optimatum meorum, quorum infra 
carraxata sunt vocabula, meo fideli^® Deneberto^^ atque ejus 

1 Altered from Conulf (see page 205, note 23) ; Coenuulf, Hem. 

2 Uueogernensis, Hem. 

3 Hem. omits. 

* post spatium dierum meorum daho, Hem. 

^ Fledanburh, Hem. 

6 Hem. adds : ' in evum. ' 

7 cet Fledanhyrig, Hem. 

8 liberabo. Hem. 

9 seculariarum rerum honerihus, Hem. 

10 leviis, Hem. 

1 1 Hem. adds : ' his. ' 

1^ Hem. adds: ' minutam.' 

1'^ adnuere. Hem. 

1* In Hem. aliquis follows vero. 

i'^ anathematiim, Hem. 

^^ Hem. ends here. 

17 Goenuulf, Hem. 

1 8 Hem. adds : ' atque venerabili episcopo, * 
1® Deneberhto, Hem. 



205 

familig, que sita est in Wigornensi^ civitate, illorum xii. 
hominum pastum, qui rite ad illam pertinent civitatem^ et 
ad alia qu^^ sub ejus sunt potestate monasteria constituta 
liberaliter^ concede, quia ille episcopus et ejus familia* milii in 
perpetuam hereditatem .xiii. man[entes] tradiderunt,^ mon- 
asterium quod vocatur^ ' Bitueonseum '' .iii. man[entes] et 
in occidentali plaga fluminis Ssebrine^ .x., et sic firmam pacem 
atque placationem inter nos omnium undique discussis con- 
vitiorum obstaculis constituti sumus. 

Acta est^ h^c donatio anno dominic^^^ Incarnationis'^ 
DCCC." .XIIII., indictione .vii., in vico^^ qui dicitur ' Tom- 
weorSin,'^^ die .vii. Kal. Jan[uarii], regni autem nostri a 
Deo concessi .x^viit''.^^ 

Si quis^^ banc nostram^^ donationem^^ et^^ libertatem^^ 
servare et^^ augere voluerit, augeat Dominus^^ omnipotens 
dies suos^*^ hie et in eternum.^^ Si quis autem hoc in ahquo 
frangere vel minuere temptaverit, sciat se separatum ^i a Deo 
et ab^^ omnibus Sanctis in die tremendi examinis, nisi ante 
hie cum satisfactione emendaverit. 

^ Hanc libertatem22 ego Cenulf^^ rex Mercporum] cruce 
Christi signo. 
^i Ego Wlfred24 archiepis- ^ Ego iElf|)ryc5 regina.^s 

copus.2^ 
^ Ego^^ Aldulf episcopus. ^ Ego Werenberht episcopus ^^ 
>i< Ego Deneberht epis- i^ Ego Wulf heard episcopus "^^ 

copus.^s 



1 Weogernensi, Hem. 

2 civitatem pertinent, Hem. 

3 Hem. adds : ' perenne. ' 

* Hem. adds : ' civitati[s] Uueogernensis. ' 
^ Hem. adds : ' hoe est. ' 
® nominatiir, Hem. 

7 Bituinanun, Hem. 

8 Sabrine, Hem. 

^ Hem. adds : ' autem. ' 

10 Hem. omits. 

11 Hem. adds: ' celeberrimo. ' 
1'^ Tomowor^ig, Hem. 

13 Hem. adds: 'anno.' 

1* Hem. adds: 'autem.' 

1^ Hem. omits. 

1 6 Hem. adds : ' nostram. ' 

1'' vel, Hem. 

1^ Hem, omits. 

1^ suaa. Hem. 

2 sempiternum, Hem. 

21 Hem. adds: ' alienatum atque anathematum atque.' 

22 libertatis donationem dominicae Incarnationis anno [blank] >Ji Ego 
Coenuidf rex Merciorum cum virtute sanctae crucis acrihendo conroboravi. 
Hem. 

23 In the MS. the e of this name has been altered from o. The scribe 
had, no doubt, the form Caen- before him, as at tlie beginning of the charter, 
which lie started to copy and then changed the spelling into that current in 
his time, i.e., Cen. Homing copies the older form correctly as Coenuidf. 

2 4 Uulfred, Hem. 

2 5 consensi, add. Hem. 

2 6 regine [stcl conroboravi (cr'). Hem. 

2 7 Ealdulf episcopus conroboravi ct suhscripsi (cr' oet 8^), Horn, 

2 8 conroboravi {cr'), add. Hem. 

2» conr\ altered from cons\ add. Hera. 



206 

^ Ego^ Heaberht dux. >^ Ego BeornoS dux. 

>J< Ego Dynna dux. >^ Ego Ceolberht dux. 

►J< Ego Mucel dux. ^ Ego Ceolfwulf- (sic) con- 

sensi.^ 

VI. 

[821-823]. — Account of the confirmation by Ceolulf, King 
of Mercia, of land at Intebeorgan (Inkberrow, co. Worcester) 
to the monastery [of Worcester], although desired by Wulf- 
heard, in exchange for Bremesgraf (Bromsgrove, co. Worcester), 
endorsed on a charter of Bishop Deneberht witnessing that 
Inkberrow had been confirmed to Worcester in 803 by 
Wulfheard (Cart. Sax. i, p. 427, no. 308). 

Printed by Hickes, i, p. 172, from original (his transcript 
is in Harl. MS. 4660, f. 7) ; the original was seen at Worcester 
in 1643 by Dugdale (Hickes, iii, p. 300, note 8). It was printed 
from Hickes in the Monasticon, second ed., i, p. 588a, and 
from Heming by Hearne, p. 21, and from Hearne, Hickes' 
transcript and Cott. Nero E 1, fo. 388b, (now 182d.), which 
preserves the first seventeen words (see p. 198, above), by 
Kemble, i, p. 222, no. 183, Birch, i, p. 428, no. 308, Earle, 
p. 69, and, with a translation, by Thorpe, Diplomatarmm 
Anglicum, p. 47. 

[BREMESGRAF. 
Ceolulf rex wilnade J)8es landes set Bremergrafan (sic) to 
Heaberhte hiscope ond to his hirede,* ond J)a sende] he his 
serendgewrit'"' to Wulfhearde'' to Intebeorgan,"^ ond het^ p(et 
he come^ to him ond to J)8em hirede.^^ ]>a dyde^^ he swa. ];a 
hig^'^ him to sprsecon se hisco])^''^ ond his witan^^ ymb pcet land, 
pcp^ he his hmi geupe pcp^ he mihte^'' Jjone freodom bigiten ;""' 
ond J)a wses he eadmodhce^^ ondetta^^ pset he swa^^ wolde,- 
ond to him wilniende^^ wses faet hi^^ him funden swylce'^^^ 
londare swylce^^ he mid arum on beon mihte,^^ ond his wic 

1 Heardherht conrohoraid (c;'). Hem. 

2 Ceolunilf, Hem. 

3 Hem. omits. 

4 higun, Heming ; blank in Hickes. 

5 erendioreocan, Hickes ; CBrcndirrmc, Heming. 

6 Wulfheard, Hickes, 

7 Intanbeorgnm, Hickes, Heming. 

8 heht, Hickes, Heming. 

9 ciiome, Hickes, Heming. 

10 higtcm, Hickes, Heming. 

1 1 dede, Hickes. 

12 hio, Hickes; heo, Heming. 

13 hisceop, Heming. 

1* weotan, Hickes, Heming. 

15 hio meahten, Hickes ; heo mrhfan, Heming. 

16 hegeotan, Hickes, Heming. 

17 eaymodlic, Hickes. 

18 ondeta, Hickes, Heming. 

19 8uce, Hickes. 

2 wulde, Hickes; walde, Heming. 

21 wilnende, Hickes. 

22 poBtte hio, Hickes ; ])CBtie heo. Homing. 
2 3 swelce, Hickes. 

** maehte, Hickes; mehte, Heming. 



20 



207 

Jjser^ on byri^ beon mihte' on his life. J)a sende he monn 
to ])am* BiTcehiscope^ ond to Eadberhte ond to Dynne, ond 
him heht saecgan® pcet he wilnade ])8es landes^ set Inte- 
beorgan.^ ))a se arcebisc[o]p^ ond Eadberht hit wseron^^ 
serndiende^^ to kininge^^ ^^ com^^ Dynne to gelaerde })one 
king,^* ])cet he his no gej^sef waes. J)a waes higen ond hlaforde 
lond unbefliten eghwses,^^ ond syj){)an^^ a of) his daga ende, 
Gode gefultmiendum.i' 

VII. 

840, March 28. — Record of grant by Berhtwulf, King of 
Mercia, to the monastery of Worcester of land in Stoltun 
(Stoulton, CO. Worcester), Wassaburnan (Washbourne, co. 
Gloucester), Kineburhgingtun, Tateringtun, and Codeswaella, 
which he had previously taken away from them unjustly. 

This is printed from Heming by Hearne, p. 26, Kemble, 
ii, p. 7, no. 245, Thorpe, Diplomatarium, p. 90, and Birch, ii, 
p. 4, no. 30, who notices that the last eight witnesses occur 
in Cott. MS. Nero E 1, fo. 183, which was in the original 
chartulary the leaf immediately following the WoUaton one 
here printed (see p. 198, above). 

STOLTUN ond WASSABURNA ond 

KINEBURH[GING]TUN ond 

TATERINGTUN ond 

CODESW^L. 

Alto et agio^^ Deo nostro ac sanctg ac^^ gloriose Trinitati 
virtus, honor et potestas sit in evum^*^ ! 

Anno 21 ab Incarnatione^^ Domini nostri DCCC°. XL^., indic- 
tione .III., contigit,23 q^od Berhtulfus^^ Rex^^ tuht-^ a nobis'-" 

1 ]>cere, Hickes. 

2 byrig, Hickes, Heming. 

3 beon mihie, om. Hickes. 
* ])cem, Hickes, Heming. 

^' cercebiscope, Hickes ; arcebisceope, Heming. 

^ secgcgan, Hickes. 

"^ londe, followed by blank, Hickes. 

8 Intanbeorgan, Hickes, Heming. 

® CBrcebisceop, Hickes, Heming. 

10 wceran, Heming. 

11 erndiende, Hickes. 

12 cyninge, Hickes, Heming. 

13 cuom, Hickes, Heming. 
1* cyning, Hickes, Heming. 
1^ ceghucBS, Hickes. 

1 6 siob^iSan, Hickes ; seo<S!San, Heming. 

17 The two last words are omitted bj' Hickes and Heming. 

18 et Omnipotentisaimo, add. Hem. 

19 et, Hem. 

2 in perpetimm. Amen, Hem. 

21 autem add. Hem. 

2 2 ejuadem Dei et Domini nostri Iheau Chriati, add. Hera. 

23 autem, add. Hem. 

2* Berhtumlf, Hem. 

26 Merc\ensiiim'], add. Hem. 

2 6 toUerat, Hem. 

2 7 et tradidit, add. Hem. 



208 

terra m nostram/ qug jure firma donatione concessa est^ ad 
episcopalem spdem,^ jd est ad Weogornensem^ ecclesiam*, ^et 
suis hominibus donavit instigatione Dei inimicorum^ : hoc 
est Stoltun, Uuassaburna/' Kineburhgingtun,' Tateringtun,^ 
Codes wiella^, 

^^Heaberhtus tunc episcopus cum suis amicis in Pasclia 
ad TomweorOin perrexit,^^ libertates et kartulas^^ prenomi- 
natarum^^ terrarum secum habens/^ et ibi coram Rege^* 
ej usque proceribus^^ fuerunt allecta. Et ibi Merciorum 
optimates judicaverunt,^^ ^"quod injust^' despoliati^' suo 
proprio essent/^ ^^et terr^- ilKs reddit^^ sunt. Iterum Rex 
cum venit ad Welesburnan, venit ad eum episcopus, et donavit 
ei .iin^^ caballos bene electos,^^ et unum anulum in 
.xxx.*"^ mancusis, et discum argenteum^o in .iii. libris^i 
et .II. alba cornua^^ in .iiii.^"^ libris ; ^apj^ggij^^, quoque^^ 
dedit .11.'^ equos^^ ^^ond iivegen steapas on .11. pundum, 
ond .1. cuppan ofergylde on .11. pundum.'^^ ^^ Et Rex 
cum testimonio coram principibus, quorum nomina infra 
notantur, terras predictas episcopo in perpetuam libertatem 
concessit.^® ♦ 

Si quis vero^' banc nostram elemosinam et libertatem 
^Miabolica deceptus avaritia^^ frangere vel minuere temp- 



1-1 quod recte ac jure siib proprio (sic) potestafe ac libera possessione cum 
firina donatione tradita est et concessa et flrmata, Hem. 

2 sedem episcopalem, Horn. 

3 Uueogernensem, Hem. 
* aecclesiam. Hem. 

5-5 rex praefatus suohus (sic) propriis hominihus condonaint, sicut se 
inimici homines docuerunt, Hem. 

6 Uuassan-, Hem. 

'^ Cynehurgingctun, Hem. 

8 Tateringctiin, Hem. 

^ Codeswelle, Hem. 

10.10 Tunc perrexit ille episcopus Heaherht, cum suis secum seniorihus, 
in Pascha, ad TomeworSie et suas. Hem. 

1 1 cartulas, Hem. 

12 ante nominatorum (sic), Hem*. 

13 habentes. Hem. 
1* ante regem. Hem. 

15 proceres, Hem. 

16 dejudicaverunt illi, Hem. 

17-17 ut rnale ac injuste dispoliati essent in, Hem. 

18 Om. Hem. 

19-19 Tunc illis terra sua reddita est cum pace, et sim^d etiam ille episcopus 
hanc donativum regem predonavit iterum in Welesburnan, hoc est 1111'"^ 
caballos bene electos, Hem. 

20 fdbrcfactum. Hem. 

21 tribus pundis. Hem. 
2 2 albas comas. Hem. 

2 3-23 Et ille regina (sic), Hem. 

2 4 bonos, add. Hem. 

2 5-2 5 et duas steapas in twsem pnndnm, et tmam cuppam deauratam in 
duobus pundis. Hem. 

2 6-2 6 Et tunc Rex cum testimonio has terras firmiter liberavit sibi in aevum 
coram, suis archontis uniuscujusque necessitatis et sustu/ionis et illud etiam cum 
signaculo sanctae crucis Christi suo mami firmiter roborando scripsit et munivit. 
Hem. 

2 7 rex aut princeps, vel alicujus gradus homo. Hem. 

28-28 p(>r diaboHcam avaritiam deceptus sit, ut, Hem. 



209 

taverit, sciat se segregatum^ a consortio ^omnium Chris- 
tianorum et^ sanctorum^ in die magni* examinis^ ante 
tribunal Christi, nisi hie Deo et hominibus cum bona satis- 
factione emendaverit.^ 

^ Ego Berhtulf^ banc meam ^donationem signo munio 
Christi. 8 

^ Ego S8ef)ry(5^ regina.i^ ^ Ego Kinefer^^i episcopus.^^ 

>^ Ego Heaberht episcopus^^ ^ Ego Berhtred^^ episcopus. ^"^ 
>^ Ego Cu^iwulf episcopus.^" *^ Ego Eanmund^^^ abbod.i* 
^ Ego Hunberht dux. ^ Ego A5elhard^^ dux. 

^ Ego Mucel dux. ^ Ego Dudda dux. 

>^ Ego Kineberht^^ dux. ^ Ego Sigered dux. 

[MS. Nero E. 1, fo. 183, continues the hst of witnesses 
as follows : 

^ Ego Ae])elhuni' (j^x. >^ Ego Mucel dux. 

^ Ego Eadulf. ^ Ego Alfred minister. ^^ 

^ Ego Wicga minister. 18 >^ Ego Hwithyse minister. ^^ 

^ Ego Eadulf minister. 18 q^ j]gQ Aldberht minister. 1 8] 

VIII. 

963. — Demise by Oswald, bishop of Worcester, to his thane 
i^thelnoth for life of a hide in Heortford. 

This has been printed from Heming by Hearne, p. 130, 
Kemble, ii, p. 399, no. 509 (boundaries at iii, p. 462), and 
Birch, iii, p. 338, no. 1105. 



[.EDEL]NADE. 

[Ego Oswold ergo, Christi orismate prae]sul,i^ dominicg 
In[camationis anno DCCCCLXIII., annuen]te Rege Anglorum 
[Eadgaro, .^Ifereque Merciorum comjite"^^ quandam ru[ris 
particulam, unam videlicet mansam in loco, qui celebri a 
soliculis nuncupatur] set Heortford [vocabulo, cuidam ministro 
meo nomine iEJ)]eliiO(5 perpetua [largitus hereditate et post 

I separatum. Hem. 
2-2 Om. Hem. 

^ Dei, add. Hem. 
* magno. Hem. 
^ judicii. Hem. 

^ Et hii testes nd/iierant, qui hoc consenserunt et scripsenmt, quorum 
hie nomina in altera plaga cartulae flavescunt, add. Hem. 

'^ Berhtioulf, Rex Merc[ensium'\, Hem. 

8 8 libertatem et donationem cum vexillo aanctae cruets munio, ut fixa 
permaneat in evum. Hem. 

9 Sce^ryfi, Hem. 

10 consensi, add. Hem 

II CyneferS, Hem. 

12 Berehtred, Hem. 

13 Eanimund, Hem. 
1* abbud. Hem. 

15 M^elheard, Hem 

16 Cyneberht, Hem. 

17 M^elwulf, Hem. 

18 Om., Hem. 

19 judicatus. Hem. 

^0 Heming adds : ' necnon et familiae Wiogornensis aecclesiae.' 

M 14 



210 

vitae suae] terminum II. tan[tum heredibus immunem dere- 
linquat, qujibus defunctis, ^[cclesiae Dei in Weogorna 
ceastre restitua]tur. 

])is synd ]}a l[andgem9ero psere are hidse into Heojrtfordse : 
of St[anforda up on Mseres slsed ; of Mseres slsede upon Sa 
csestello easteweardre ; of San csestello on Colomores sic 
neoSeweardre ; of Colomores sice up on burghsema weg ; 
ondlang ])ses weges] on ])on[e^ litlan beorh ; ponne swa and- 
lang furu ],:>8et on fa healdan stige ; ondlang stige J)8et forS 
on iElfrices gemaero ; fonne andlang hricweges on j^a ea set 
])8ere ealdan mylne ; andlang ea eft on Stanford (&c.)]. 

IX. 

984. — Demise by Oswald, [bishop of Worcester, and] 
archbishop [of York], with the consent of the monastery of 
Worcester, to his knight ^Ethelward for three lives of land at 
Biscopes Stoc (Stoke Bishop, in Westbury-on-Trym, co. Glouc). 

This has been printed from Heming by Hearne, p. 121, and 
Kemble, iii, p. 207, no. 646. The original was seen at 
Worcester by Dugdale in 1643 (Wanley, in Hickes, iii, p. 
299, no. 50). 

.... NDANGE . . . 

. . . STOCE ^DEL[WARD]. 

[Alma] et individ[ua ubique inlocaliter regnante Trinitate] 
necne M(St\Ye[do allubescente ac favente per omniparentis 
nutum^ totius Albionis basileo, Mlinco M]erciorum comite 
c[onsentiente, ego Oswaldus, largiflua] Dei dementia, ar[chi- 
praesul, quandam rurusculi partem, tres s]cilicet mansas, in 
[loco qui vocatur " set Bisceopes Stoce" libe]nti concedo an[imo, 
cum omnibus ad eam utilitatibus rite pertinentibus, cum con- 
sul tu at que] consensu^ ven[erabilis Weogernensium familiae] 
iEJjelwardo^ meo [videlicet militi-', pro ejus humili subjectione 
atque famulat]u, ut vita com[ite illo feliciter perfruatur absque 
uUius] refragatione, [duobusque quibuscumque decreverit post 
met]am proprii evi® cler[onomis^ relinquat, finitoque illorum 
vit]^' curriculo a[d usum primatis in Weogornaceastre r]edeat 
inmuni[s aecclesiae]. 

[Anno dominicae Incarnati]onis DCCCC. LXX[XIIII.« 
scripta est cartula ista, his testibus] adstipulant[ibus, quorum 
nomina infra caraxata cernuntur]. 

Dis syndon^ J?[a landgemsero ))sera })reora hida set] Bisc- 
[o]pes Stoke^ : [aerest on pses heges h3n'nan be Westan] 
stoce ; of J)sem^^ [on pa ealdan die on haran msere nor]5- 



1 


This is the last line of the 


strip. 


2 


Notum, Hem. 




3 


permissione, Hem. 




4 


^pelwerdo, Hem. 




r> 


milito, Hem. 




6 


aevi. Hem. 




7 


clero nominia. Hem. 




8 


synd, Hem. 




9 


Stoce, Hem. 




10 


\>am. Hem. 





211 

warde^ ; J)onon [innan Filidleage nor^warde ; of Filidleage 
nor?)w]ard on^ Ipone h[o]an broc ; of J^sem holan broce innan 
Sweoperlan stjream ; ^fionon [on Dinningcgrafes wyrt 
truman ; *|)on]on all swa seo^ d[ic sceot on Esnig maedwaB 
wearde ; of Esnig ma^dwan eal^ )ionon al]lswa pset ealda^ 
r[iMg sceot up on Ipone ealdan h]earpa(5 ; ^ swa^ u[p on pa> 
healdan die wif) Stoees weard ; of )?8ere ealdan die ^"to J)8em 
hege ; f)on]on all swa hit^" [seeot be Stoce westan eft on ))8es 
hjeges hyrnan. 

[^ Ego Oswa]ld, Chris ti largition[e, archipontifex, cum 
caractere sanctae crucis corroboravi. ^ Ego Wynsige] pres- 
byter. >J< Ego r^J^elstan presbyter. >J< Ego ^Elfsige presbyter. 
>^ Ego iEf)elsige presbyter. >^ Ego Eadgar presbyter. 
^ Ego Wistjan presbyter. ^ Ego [^j^elstan presbyter. 
^ Ego Eadward] presbyter. >^ Ego [Godingc diaconus. 
!^ Ego Leofstan diaconus. ^ Ego Wulfwe]ard diaconus. 
>^ Eg[o ^))elric diaconus. >^ Ego CyneJt^eign^^ clericus. 
>^ Eg[o Wulfgar clericus. >^ Ego Leofw]ine monachus. 
^ Ego [Wulfric clericus. >J< Ego ^EJ^elwold clericus. 
}^ Ego WulnoS clericus. >^ Ego Wulfwine clericus]. 

X. 

990.— Demise by Archbishop Oswald, with the consent of 
the monastery at Worcester, to his man iEthelmser for three 
lives of land at Cumtune (Compton, co. Worcester) at Mersc. 

This has been printed from Heming by Hearne, p. 129, and 
Kemble, iii, p. 255, no. 675. 

[iEDE]LM[^R]. 

[In usses Drihtnes no]man! ^^j^ [Oswald arcebisceop, mid ge])af- 
unge and leafe] ])8es a[rwor5an h3rredes on Wiogernaceastre, 
ge iunges ge ealdes, geboc]ige sum[ne dsel landes minan 
holdan and getriowan men fe^^ is iEf)e]lm8erhattei4o[n twam 
stowum twega hida landes on] III. manna da[eg, ane hide 
on Cumtune on his ha]mstalle,i^ and half ^^[fone wudu Jiserto, 
and oJ)re on Mer]sce, for his ead[modre hyrsumnysse and for 
his licwe]or5umi'feo, J}8et i[s twa pund mere hwites seolfres 

1 nofSwardre ; of haran masre. Hem. 

2 in. Hem. 

8 of Sweoperlan atreame, add. Hem. 

* of Dynningcgrafes wyrt truman eall, add. Hem. 

6 «e, Hem. 

* of Esnig mcedwan eal seems to liave been omitted from the Wollaton 
MS., to judge by the space occupied by the other missing half lines. 

7 ealde. Hem. 

® of pcem ealdan hearpa^e up, add. Hera. 

Om. Hem. 

10-10 Qfii gyjd gg liege. Hem. 

11 Cyne]>egn, Hem. 

12 hcelendes Cristes, add. Hem. 

13 |)OEm, Hem. 
1'* naina. Hem. 

l» Immstealle, Hem, 

16 healf. Hem. 

17 licweor^an, Hem. 



212 

and xx]x eowna,^ mid h[iora lambum, and iiii. oxan, and twa 
ey and an h]ors ; Ipset is ])9et he^ ha[ebbe and wel bruce his 
dseg, and sefter hi]s dsege II. erfn[uman3 ])am ])e him 
leofost sy, and him to geearnian wylle, and hio hit haebben 
to frion aelces }}inges butan] wall geweorce* [and brygc gewe- 
orce and ferdsocne]. 

[Dis synd ])8ere anre hid]e land gem8er[u on Mersce : serest 
of ^Jjelstanes gemjsere to pam wyll[e on Biles hamme ; 
|)onne ut to pajm middel gema[ere].^ 

[pis wses gedon ))y geare pe wjaes agan fram [Cristes 
gebyrdtide nigon hund wintra and hund nigontig wint]ra, 
on fara® ge[witnysse pe hiora naman her beneo5]an' 
8tanda5. 

[^ Ic^ Oswald arcebisceop mid Cristes rode tacne |)as sylene 
gefsestnode. >J<] Ic Ae|)elstan [primus. >^ Ic iElfsige pres- 
byter. >J<] Ic Eadgar [presbyter. >^ Wistan presbyter. 
)J< i^felsige presbyter. >J<] Ic ^Ifsi. [^iE5elstan presbyter. 
^ ] Ic Goding^ [diaconus. >^ Leofstai; diaconus. >J<] Ic 
Wulfward [diaconus. >^ MiSelric diaconus. >^] Ic CyneSen^^ 
[clericus. >^ Wulfgar clericus. ►i^] Ic Leofwine [monachus. 
►J< Wulfric clericus. >^ WulfnoS clericus. ^] Ic Wulfwine 
[clericus]. 

[^ And ic gean him Ipaes w]or5iges set Bry[nes hamme 
Se iE))elm ahte, and ]}]8es croftes |)8er[to be eastan psere 
strsete] on paet ilce gera[d Ipe fis ofer is. >J< i^J)9es gen bee 
hyra5 into Wincescumbe.] 24. 

An imperfect 12th century MS., containing 38 folios, 
measuring 8 J inches by 12 j inches, written in double columns, 
commencing : " et kartas comparavi ab eis, qui in illo tem- 
pore scriptores erant, et scripsi omnia que passa est beatissima 
Margareta. Lectio Secunda. Fratres, omnes aures habentes 
corde intelligite, viri, mulieres, virgines, tenere puelle, ut 
requiem sempiternam viri et mulieres cum justis a Domino 
coronati percipiatis. Beatissima autem Margareta erat Theo- 
d[o]sii filia," etc. vShort lections on other Saints follow, 
interspersed with musical notation. 

A small volume, measuring 8 J inches by 6 inches, written 
in early 13th century hands, bound in oak boards covered 
with white leather. This book has evidently been used in 
the 14th and 15th centuries by schoolboys, as there are rough 
sketches and words scribbled in it in various places. The 

1 eutvna. Hem. 

2 Om. Hem. 

3 erfeweardan. Hem. 
* weal gewerce. Hem. 
^ geare. Hem. 

6 brofSra, add. Hem. 

7 awritene, add. Hem. 

8 The word Ic is omitted in all the following instances in Hem. 
^ Oodingc, Hem. 

10 Cyne])en, Hem. 

11 This paragraph does not appear to have been copied into the Wol- 
aton MS. 



213 

following names occur : " Raf Savag'," foil. 91, 92, etc. ; 
" R . . . . Warner," fo. 104v ; " Iste liber coastat 
Johanni Wapplode," fo. 138?; : " Willelmus Cayso est pravus 
puer " ; " Johannes Kerne, Willelmus Keme," fo. 152 ; 
" Bythan," fo. 156v ; " Will. Hasilwode," fo. 159 ; and, at 
the end, " Iste liber constat Johanni Cole, de Wodyl' " ; 
*' Iste liber constat Radulfe (sic) Sava[ge]," " Iste liber constat 
Savage, bonus puer " ; " Winnington." There is also a note 
at the end, in a 15th cent, hand : " Precium hujus voluminis, 
xijd." At fo. 137 the following is written and partly erased : 
"Half .... I am sent; I herd tel awndyr [=a 

wonder] tale rwas went, Me ys set a corn(?) 

sale." At fo. 143v in a 15th cent, hand : " Hop we all 
that God is bothe God and man, and tat he is hower' hall', 
ij. come er' a messinger' forto tel wen now ye Kync is 
ad . . . don a grete mischef, and her' ade(?) slauu(?), 
the Lord is here al this rein." Above is written " Hop sa, 
down la," which occurs several times in the volume. At 
fo. 146v in a 14th century hand : — " Honour we alle pat ywe 
scyld that W." At fo. 149, in an early 14th cent, hand : 
" Wan ye reyn reynit, sliperit [= becomes slippery] ye 

weye .... thriste [= thrust] quando 

pluvia pluit viarn labilitat pessimus tepor, et tu inimicem pun- 
gnet.^' These English sentences are in a northern dialect 
(Yorkshire ?). The volume seems to have been drawn up for 
school use, as it contains some of the poetical and grammatical 
works used in the medieval school curriculum. The volume 
has, apparently, lost some pages at the commencement. The 
present first page lacks the lower part. 

I. — Folios 1 to 2Sv. Extracts with interlinear and marginal 
glosses from the Graecismus of Everard of Bethune, one of 
the most celebrated grammatical works of the Middle Ages. 
The extracts commence as follows (= c. XIV, 95, Eberhardi 
Bethuniensis Graecismus, ed. J. Wrobel, Wratislaw, 1887) : 
" Hie est articulus et pro quidam reperitur, 
Ut si quis dicat : ' hominum stant hii, resident hii.' 
Hie quoque multotiens pro talis ponitur, ut si 
Tu dicas : ' hec [h]erba meo revirescit in [h]orto.' 
Hie quoque demonstrat, quod sepe potest reperiri. 
Derivativis est significatio duplex, 
Nam possessoris intrin[secus]i persona vocatur, 
Ast extrinsecus hinc possessio significatur. " 
It finishes, fo. 2Sv, as under (=c. XXVII. end): 

" Verbaque cum motu sibi jungunt diptota -tu7)i, -tu. 
Explicit Ebrardi Grecismus nomine Christi, 
Qui dedit Alpha vel o [= Q ]. Sit laus et gloria Christo. 
Explicit hie scriptus, qui scripsit sit benedictus." 

II. — Folios 29 to 31, in a somewhat later and larger hand. 
The first has the contemporary numeration: "Ixij""-" 

The letters aecus are wvitten over the line ds a gloss. 



214 

They contain a poem in 115 lines De Penitentia, with full 
marginal commentary in a different hand. The author's name 
is not mentioned. The poem is assigned in several MSS. to 
John de Garlandia, a famous English scholar settled in 
France, but it is also ascribed to other writers, and the author- 
ship is doubtful. 1 It commences : 

" [PJeniteas cito peccator, cum sit miserator 
Judex ; et sunt hec^ quinque tenenda tibi : 
Spes venie, cor contritum, confessio culpe, 
_ Pena satisfaciens, et fuga nequitie." 
The end is as follows : 

" Ad dominum sunt hec festinanti tibi causa : 
Ignis purificans, mors, egritudo, ruborque, 
Et cure gratuitas et consuetudo ruine. 
Sit scriptor sanus, sit benedicta manus. 
ExpHcit liber de modo penitentie. Amen." 
III. — Fol. 32-75. An anonymous grammatical treatise 
commencing with the following lines, which are written as 
prose : 

" Scribere clericulis paro doctrinale novellis, 
Pluraque doctorum sociabo scrip ta meorum, 
Jamque legent pueri pro nugis Maxim[i]ani." 
This is the famous Doctrinale of Alexander de Ville 
Dieu,^ one of the most widely used works on grammar 
from the thirteenth century until the Reformation. The 
MS. is provided with interlinear and marginal Latin glosses. 
*' Qui veteres socii[s] nolebant pandere caris 
5. Presens huic operi sit gracia neupmatis [== pneumatis] 
almi. 
Me juvet et faciat implere quod utile fiat. 
Si pueri primo nequeant attendere plene. 
Hie tamen attendet, qui doctoris vice fungens 
Atque legens pueris layca Hngua reserabit, 
10. Et pueris etiam pars maxima plana patebit. 

24. Quamvis hec non est doctrina satis generalis, 

Proderit ipsa tamen plus nugis Maxim[i]ani. 

Post Alphabetum [glossed Donatum] minus hec doc- 
trina legetur ; 

Inde leget ma jus [glossed alphabetum, id est Priscianus], 
mea qui documenta sequetur ; 

Iste fere totus hber est extractus ab illo " [glossed 
Prisciano]. 

1 See M. [B.] Haur6au, ' Notice sur les CEuvres authentiques ou sup- 
posees de Jean de Garlande,' in Notices et Extraits des Manuacrits de la 
Bibliothtque Nationale, vol. xxvii., part 2, p. 10 sqq., Paris, 1879. See also 
Bale, Index Britanniae Scriptorum, ed. Poole and Bateson, p. 207. 

2 ' /laec et sunt,' Haurcau. 

•' Ed. by Prof. Dietrich Reichling, Das Doctrinale des Alexayiders de 
Villa Dei, Berlin, 1893, in Monumenta Germaniae Paedagogica, vol, xii. Cf. 
Haureau, ' Notices et Extraits de divers Manuscripts latins, pour servir 
a I'Histoire des Doctrines grammaticales au Moyen Age,' in Notices et 
Extraits des MSS., xxii. part 2, pp. 28, 98 (Paris 1868). 



215 

Conclusion {-=^ Reichling, 2640-45) : 

" Doctrinale, Dei virtute juvante, peregi, 
Nil reor assertum quod non licet esse tenendum, 
Pluraque signavi, que non debent imitari. 
Grates reddo tibi, genitor Deus, et tibi, Christe, 
Nate Dei Deus, atque tibi, Deus [hjalitus alme ; 
Quas tres personas in idem credo Deitatis. 
Explicit hie scriptus, qui scripsit sit benedictus. 
ExpKcit expliceat, ludere scriptor eat." 

IV. — ^Folios 75v to 78v. A Latin poem by Serlo treating 
of Latin synonyms. It is printed in full by Haureau, 
" Notices sur les Melanges poetiques d'Hildebert de Lavar- 
din," in Notices et Extraits des Manuscrits, xxviii, part 2, 
p. 429. The author of this poem, which is sometimes entitled 
" Differentie " and sometimes " De Partibus Orationis," is 
identified with Serlo de Wilton, an English monk settled in 
France and a friend of Walter Map and Giraldus Cambrensis, 
by Haureau, " Notice sur un Manuscrit de la Reine Christine," 
in Notices et Extraits, xxix., 2, p. 233, sqq. Cf. xxvii, 2, p. 44. 

" Dactile, quid latitas ? exi ; quid publica vitas ? 

Quis vetat audiri que fas nee inutile sciri ? 

Non [alios ^] cura nisi, qui norunt tua jura. 

Ergo versifico ; die cuivis que tibi dico. 

Accipe quas dic[h]ronas partes in carmine ponas, 

Que confusa sono distincta vocabula pono. 

In me Serlonem non respice, set racionem. 

Si bene stat, sic sit ; si non, quis non male dixit ? 

Si placeo nulli, quid nullo carius uUi ? 
[De A.I 

Unam semper amo, cujus non solvar ab hamo.^ 

Dicitur arbor acer, vir fortis et improbus acer. 

Forma senilis anus, pars quedam corporis anus, 

Mel defertur api cum ros descendit ab api.''"' 
It ends as follows (differing from Haureau 's text in arrange- 
ment of lines and in omission of ten lines at the end) : 

" Me terret quod humor, non terret quod sonat humor, 

Serlo docetur uti, non doctus, amoris uti. 

Si transire velis maris undas, utere velis. 

Ante fruere vadis, per aquas si dux mihi vadis. 

O ver quando venis, trahis eterna thima venis^ 
In the margin are written in the same (?) hand glosses in 
Anglo-French, commencing : " Amo, -as, verbum ; hie 
hamus, hami, i. crok, croker. Hec acer, acri, arable ; hie acer, 
hec acer, hoc acre, egre. Hec anus, -ui, vel vetule ; hie anus, 
ani, extrema pars corporis. Hec apes, apis, ees ; hie apis, 
-pis, -pi, muntayne. Hec ara [ - hara], are, porcherie; hec ara, 
are, auter. Alo, alls, nurir ; liec ala, ale, ele. Aro, aras, arat, 
arrer; areo, ares, i[d est] siccare, sechir.'" 

B 

1 This word, supplied from Notices et Extraits, is erased. 

2 Cf. Wilhelm Meyor, Gesammelle Abliandlungen ziir mitiellateinischen 
Bythmik, Berlin, 1905, i, p. 83. 



216 

V. — Fo. 78v. to 8O1;. A similar poem, beginning : 
" Ut medias dic[h]ronas edoctus merce reponas, 
Hec, lector, cura Radulfi tradita cura. 
Nomen habens arator, fuerat dominus Arator. 
Presbiter est agamus, pariter nos sic et agamus.^^ 
It ends at foot of page as under : 

" Dicito ' care, vale, quia procumbit latro valle, 
Te nolebat ana nexisse nuncius anna.' " 
Ealph de Longo Campo, an Englishman or Frenchman, 
wrote, in the early part of the thirteenth century, a work 
called " Distinctiones," besides other educational books. M. 
B. Haureau (Notices et Extraits, xxxiii, pt. 1, p. 280) states 
that he had never met with a MS. of this work under Ralph's 
name. This may possibly be a copy of the Distinctiones. 

VI. — Folios 81 (numbered in an early hand "Iviij"^") 
to 90, written in a somewhat later hand, without glosses, 
contain an anonymous poem on Latin synonyms. This was 
ascribed to John de Garlandia by John Boston of Bury in the 
fifteenth century, and by Bale, Index Britanniae Scriptorum, 
p. 207, but this ascription is rejected on the grounds of style 
by M. Haureau, " Notice sur les (Euvres authentiques ou sup- 
posees de Jean de Garlande," in Notices et Extraits des MS 8., 
xxvii, part 2, p. 56 sqq. ; cf. also vol. xxxii, part 2, p. 84 sq. 
He assigns the authorship to Matthew de Vendome or to 
Geoffrey de Vinesauf, his disciple. An edition of it has been 
published under the title of Die Synonyma des Johannes von 
Garlandia, by Prof. M. Kurz, Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, 
no. 47, Vienna, 1885. It was printed from a poor MS. by 
Polycarp Levser, Historia Poetarum et Poematum Medii Aevi, 
Halae, 1721,*' p. 312. 

" Ad mare ne videar latices deferre, camino 
Ingniculum, densis vel frondes addere silvis, 
Hospitibusque pira Calabris dare,^ vina Lieo^ 
Aut Cereri fruges, apibus mel, vel thima pratis, 
Poma vel Alcineo^, vel molli[a] tura Sabeo : 
Nil veterum tritis euro superaddere dictis, 
Sed dare lac pueris, proponens parva pusillis, 
Quos solum dicant materne munera lingue. 
Sermonis tribuo pueris elementa Latini, 
Quorum multiplicem, lector, preconcipe f rue turn. 
Quisquis abundare cupit in sermone Latino 
Atque reservare, que mens scito lubrica fundit, 
Eligit e multis hinc mutatoria vocum, 
Ut diversimode rem sign[ific]abit eandem. 
Edocet equivocis opus hoc, sinonima jungens 
Versibus et rithimis, ut vocum copia detur. 
Exemplis variis brevis et producta docetur. 

1 Hor. Ep. i, 7, 14 : * Non, quo more piris vesci Calaber jubet hospes.' 

2 " Lyaeo.*' 

8 "Alcinoo." Ovid, Pont., iv, 2, 10. 



217 

Sub multis plures unam rem voce sub una, 
Que fieri semper, quod fit plerumque, putamus. 
Fallimus hinc alios, et ab ipsis fallimur ipsi. 
Est opus idcirco congnoscere, qualiter et quo 
Equivocis et ab u[n]ivocis sinonima distant." 

Conclusion (= 704, Leyser, 494 Kurz) : 

Alvus, et alviolus, est venter, ^ ventriculusque, ^ 
Additur hiis uterus prengnantibus appropriatus, 

Followed by these lines (=Kurz, 850) : 

Virginis est alvus, et sic ab alendo vocata, 
Ex utero dicti ge[r]mani sunt uterini. 



Laus^ tibi sit, Christe, quia codix (sic) scribitur iste. 

Explicit expliciat, ludere scriptor eat." 
VII. — Folios 91v to 103v. A poem (without glosses) treat- 
ing of Latin " sequivoca " or homonyms. It is printed by 
Leyser, p. 338. It is found in MSS. following the preceding 
poem, and has been ascribed to the author thereof by M. 
Haureau, Notices et Extraits, xxvii, part 2, p. 58. But the 
present MS. shows that the author's name was Henry, who 
must, if M. Haureau is correct in connecting this poem with 
the preceding one on the grounds of subject and style, be 
also the author of the preceding poem. 

' ' Equivoca hoc ordine triplici disponere destinavimus : 
primo quidem, ut ponantur per se quotquot incipiunt ab a ; 
secundo, que a h ; tertio, que a c ; et sic deinceps secundum 
ordinem alphabeti. Secundo, ut in hiis, que incipiunt a dyp- 

tongo. Demum, que a simplici vocali De 

preposicionibus hie nihil interserimus, quia pro majori parte 
preposiciones tam Grece quam Latine equivoce, et ideo de 
illis separatum tractatum tradendum decrevimus. Rursus 
dic[h]ronas partes fere omnes omittimus, et maxime dissillybas 
propter Serlonicos versus. Trisillyba et in mediis dic[h]rona 
nota. Que deinceps diversos accentus tam in recto quam in 
obliquis habentia hinc segregamus. De hiis enim alias 
dicemus. 

Augustus, -tiy -to, Cesar vel mensis habeto. 
Augustus, -tus, -tui, vult divinacio dici. 
Mobile cum fiat Augustus, nobile signat : 
Augeo dat primum, dat gustus avisqae secundum. 
Aura favor, splendor, flatus dicatur et aer. 
Est abacus mensa, metrum(?) capitale columpne.'* 
It ends as follows : 

" Equivoca hec legi, que metri lege coegi, 
Et hcebit ista legi pueris, quibus ipsa peregi, 
Atque libet dici lector, quicunque fuisti, 
In capud Henrici veniat benediccio Christi. 
Explicet (sic) expliceat." 

1 neuter, MS. 

2 neutri-, MS. 
. » laux, MS. 



218 

VIII. — Folios 105 to llOv. A collection of apopthegms in 
verse without the name of the author, but which can be iden- 
tified as the Disticha bearing the name of Cato, a favourite 
medieval schoolbook, with the later prose introduction, which 
is ascribed to the time of Charles the Great by Emil Baehrens, 
Poetue Latini Minores, iii., p. 205, Leipsig (Teubner), 1881, 
and which is partly repeated by Everard of Bethune in his 
Graecismus. The text has interlinear and marginal glosses. 

"Cum animadverterem, quam plurimos homines graviter 
errare in via morum, succurrendum opinioni eorum et con- 
sulendum fore existimavi, maxime ut gloriose viverent et 
honorem contingerent. Nunc te, fill karissime, docebo, quo 
pacto tui animi mores componas. Igitur mea precepta ita 
legito, ut [an erasure] intelligas : legere enim et non intelligere, 
idem est negligere^. Itaque Deo supplica, parentes ama, 
cognatos cole," etc. 

[Liber Primus.] 

1. "Si Deus est animus, nobis ut carmina dicunt, 
Hie tibi precipue sit pura mente colendus. 

2. Plus vigila semper, ne[u] sompno deditus esto ; 
Nam diuturna quies viciis alimenta ministrat." 

IX. — Folios llOv to \\\v. An anonymous eclogue of 36 
lines, with glosses, commencing : 

" Ethiopum terras jam fervida torruit est as, 
In cancro solis dum volvitur aureus axis ; 
Compuleratque suas tilie sub amena capellas 
Natus ab Athenis pastor, cognomine Pseustis : 
Pellis pant[h]ere cui corpus^ texit utrimque 
Discolor," [etc.']. 

This is from the work of Theodulus, of whom nothing is 
known beyond his name. See G. L. Hamilton, in Modern 
Philology, vii, p. 169, Chicago, 1909. His eclogue, which 
contains 352 hnes, was last published in 1902 (Theoduli Edoga, 
ed. by J. Osternacher, Linz, 1902). Cf. Thurot, Notices et 
Extraits des M8S., xxii., part 2, p. 452, for the metre 
(' consonantia '). 

X. — Folios lUv to 116v. Seventy-seven more lines of 

Theodulus, with glosses. 

[Pseustis.] "Primus Creteis Saturnus venit ab oris,^ 
Aurea per cunctas disponens aecula terras. 
NuUus ei genitor, nee quisquam tempore major 
Ipso gaudet avo superum generosa propago." 

[Alithia.] " Incola primus homo fuit in viridi pardiso 
Conjuge [v]iperium donee suadente venenum 
Hausit, eo cunctis miscendo pocula mortis 
Sentit adhuc proles quod commisere^ parentes." 

1 neggligere, MS. 

2 corpus cui, liaelirens, 

3 Altered from horia. 

* Altered by erasure from commiacere. 



219 

Concludes (— 341, Osternacher) : 

" Treicius vates commovit pectine manes, 
Te moveant lacrime, jam tollit cornua Phebe. 
Sol petit occasum, frigus succedit opacum,^ 
Desine quod restat, ne disperatio ledat. Explicit," 
XI. — Folios 116 verso to 128. Here follow, without any 
title, the fables of Avienus, with a few glosses, beginning [ed. 
Baehrens, Poetae Latini Minores, v., p. 35] : 
" Rustica deflenti parvo juraverat oHm 
* Ni taceas, rabido'^ quod foret esca lupo.* 
Credulus banc vocem lupus audit et manet ipsas 
Pervigil ante fores, irrita vota gerens," etc. 

It ends with the fable of the wolf and the goat, beginning 
[r= Baehrens, p. 69] : 

'* Forte lupum melior cursu deluserat [h]edus 
Proxima vicinis dum petit arva casis." 

" Sic quotiens duplici subdicuntur tristia casu, 
Expedit insignem promeruisse necem. 
Explicit." 

XII. — Folios 128 to 139 v. The elegies of Maximian, partly 
glossed in Latin and French, commencing : 

" Emula quid cessas finem properare senectus 
Cura et in hoc fesso corpore tarda venis ? 
Solve, precor, miseram de tali carcere vitam." 
Conclusion : 

" Ergo exactum quodque est vitabile nulli, 
Festino gressu vincere prestat iter 
InfeHx ; ceu jam defuncto corpore surgit 
Hac me defunctum vivere parte puto. 
ExpUcit liber Maximiani." 
[Edited by Baehrens, Poetae Latini Minores, v., p. 317 ; 
Maximiani Elegiae ad fidem Godicis Etonensis recensuit et 
emendavit M. Petschenig {Berliner Studien fur Klassische 
Philologie und Archaeologie, xi., Heft. 2 (1890).] 

XIIL— FoHos 140 to 159. The Achilleis of Statius, 
beginning (^::= i. 1) : 

*' Magnanimum Eaciden formidatamque Tonanti 
Progeniem [et] patrio vetitam succedere celo, 
Diva, refer," etc. 
Conclusion (— ii. 166) : 

" Hactenus annorum, comites, elementa meorum 
Et memini meminisse ju vat que : scit cetera mater. 
Exphcit Stacius Achilleidos." 

XIV. — FoUos 159 to the end of volume. A portion of 
Claudian, De Eaptu Proserpinae, \vithout any title. It 
commences { -praefatio) : 



^ oppagum, MS. 
2 rapido, MS. 



220 

" Inventa secuit qui primus nave profundum 
Et rudibus remis sollicitavit aquas. 
Qui dubiis ausus committere flafcibus alnum, 
Quas natura negat, prebuit arte vias." 

Conclusion ( = ii. 51) : 

*' Cristatum radiis : primo clementior evo 
Fingitur et tenerum vagitu, despuit ignem." 

An imperfect volume, without covers, consisting of 102 
folios, measuring 7 J by 10 J inches, written in an early- 
thirteenth century hand in double columns. It is a portion 
of the work of Robert de Gretham entitled Miroir or Evangiles 
des Domees, and has not yet been printed. See Grober, 
Grundriss der romanischen Philologie, ii., part 1, p. 747. It 
commences : 

Grant joie funt trestut de gre 

Tut cil ke Jesus ad salve, 

E nus seignurs pur Deu amur 

Hastum de fere bon retur 

Ke pussum faire as seinz leesce 

Ke dolent sunt de nostre paresce 

Ke pussum dire en lur regne 

Ben ait ki vent el nun de De. 

Ce est la secunde dompne de V Advent. 
In illo tempore dixit Jesus discipulis suis ' erunt signa in 
sole et luna et stellis,' etc." 

The last rubric is that of the eleventh Sunday after Trinity. 
Conclusion : 

Mes ore avum brefment tuche 

Del orguil de cest f arise, 

Ore oiim de cest publican t 

Qui esteit verrai repentant. 

Publican est qui hunte pert 
E par itant peche en uvert, 
Qui pecche tut uvertement 
En out nuli chastiement. 

A small volume, measuring 7 inches by 10 J inches, without 
covers and lacking the commencement, written in double 
columns, containing forty-two lines each, in a thirteenth 
century hand. It is a copy of the Manuel des Pechies of 
William de Wadington, whose name here appears as 
Wuldingdune. It has been edited from other MSS. by Dr. 
Furnivall in Robert of Brunne's Handlyng Synne, Roxburghe 
Club, 1862, and for the Early English Text Society, 1901. 
Commences : 

U par alcune affinite (2182) 

A femme ke dust espuser 

E en matrimoygne celebrer. 



221 

Conclusion (fo. 56. col. 2) : 

Del Franceis ne del rimeyer (12,736) 

Ne me deit mil home blamer 

Kar en Engleterre esteie ne 

E nurri illoc e ordene. 

D'une vilette suy nume 

Ke n'est burc ne cite. 

De Deu seit beneit chescun home 

Ki prie pur Willam Wuldingdune ; 

Ki pur altre prie e hure 

Pur sei meismes bien labure. 

En Deu finisse cest escrit 

En Pere, en Filz, en Seint Esperit. 
Explicit. 
Followed (fo. 57) by a copy in the same hand of Kobert 
of Gretham's Miroir or Evangiles des Domees (see above). 
Commences : 

A sa trechere dame Aline 

Saluz en la vertu divine. 

Ma dame, bien I'ai oi dire 

Ke mult amez o'lr e lire 

Chancon de geste e d'estoire 

E mult i metez la memoire, 

Mais bien voil que vus sachez 

Que CO est plus de vanitez. "^ 
Conclusion (fo. 171) : 

Ici finisent les domees 

Brefment espuns e enditees. 

Ore pri tuz ki I'oent e dient 

K'il pur Robert de Gretham prient, 

Ki Deus meintenge si sa vie 

Ke par lui seit en sa bailhe. Amen. 

Ici termine le mireur 

Des omelies la dulcur. 

A 13th century copy of the Vulgate, written in two 
columns in a very beautiful and minute hand on thin parch- 
ment leaves, measuring 6 inches by OJ inches, with finely 
executed illuminated initials. On the first page is written, 
in an early 15th century hand, "Liber Sancti Cuthberti de 
Dunelmia." 

A stout volume, measuring about eight inches by twelve, 
written in an early thirteenth century French hand, with 
illuminated initials containing figures of knights, etc., in the 
costume of the time. The first cover is missing, the other 
one is of oak, covered with scarlet leather. It contains a 
considerable number of romances and fabliaux written in 
the Picard dialect. The texts of those that have appeared 
in print are in most cases superior to the MSS. used for the 



222 

printed texts. This is especially true of the fabliaux, etc., 
that were obviously written originally in the Picard dialect. 
They add much to the knowledge of the works of the author 
of " Conebert," a well-known fabliau, prove that he was 
Gau tiers le Leus, and afford strong evidence that he was a 
Picard. The only record of the history of the volume is the 
name " John' Bertrem, de Thorp Kilton " (Thorpe, in Kilton, 
parish of Brotton, near Guisborough, co. York) in a fifteenth 
century hand, at fo. 347 verso. In the MS. two or three 
words are frequently written as one ; in the following quotations 
they are separated. 

I. (Fo. 1.) — A poem with no title ; it is the Romance 
of Troy of Benoit de Sainte Maure (ed. by A. Joly, Benoit 
de Sainte More et le Roman de Troie, Paris, 1870, and by 
Leopold Constans, Le Roman de Troie, par Benoit de Sainte 
Maure, Paris, 1904-8, Societe des Anciens Textes Fran9ais). 
The first nine pages and nineteen lines have been supplied 
in a later (fourteenth century) hand. They commence : 

[SJalemons nos ensoigne et dit 

Et si trovommes en escrit 

Que nus ne doit lo san celer, 

Aincois le doit si demostrer. 
This later hand ends (hne 953 of Constans' text) : 

[Q]ant vint contre le tans novel 

Que ducement chantent oisel. 

Que la flors est frasche et leale 

Et I'arbe est varz et renovale. 
After an interval of a blank column and a half the early 
hand begins a quire with foho 2 : 

Quant li vergie[r] sont gent flori (956) 

Et de lor fuelles raves ti. 
Conclusion (fo. 157, col. 1) : 

Ichi fenist la mioldre estorie 

Qui onques fust mise en memorie. 
The authorship is recorded in the later hand as follows : 
124 Ceste estoire n'est pes (sic) husee 

Ne gaires soinz ne est trovee, (130) 

Jai retraite ne fust encore, 

Mais Benoiz de Sainte More 

L'ai reteniie et faite a (sic) dite 

Et a ses maines tretoste escrite. 

II. (Fo. 158 recto.) — A poem of about 6000 lines, without 
title. It is the poem of Gau tier d' Arras known as " Tile et 
Galeron," printed from the " unique " Paris MS. by E. Loseth, 
(Euvres de Gautier d' Arras, vol. ii (Paris, E. Bouillon, 1890, in 
the *' Bibliotheque Fran9aise du Moyen Age "), and by 
Wendelin Forster as No. 7 of his Romanische Bihliothek, Halle, 
Niemeyer, 1891. The present text, which is superior in 
language and apparently in age, has an additional thirty 
lines at the end, which prove that the poem was written after 



223 

Gautier's " Eracles," a conclusion arrived at by Forster on 
internal evidence. He assigns the date of its composition 
to 1167. It is to be distinguished from the later Galerant 
(Le Roman de Galerent, comte de Bretagne, par le Trovere 
Renault, public pour la premiere fois d^apres le MS. unique 
de la Bihliotheque Nationale par Anatole Boucher ie, Mont- 
pelUer-Paris, 1888, Societe pour 1' Etude des Langues Romanes), 
which is partly founded upon it. The four lines at the com- 
mencement are written as prose. 

Commencement : 

1 [AJie Dex, Sains Esperis ! (1) 

Qu'a la mellor emperre[r]is 
Qui onques fust, si con jo pins, 
Otroi mon service et mon sens. (4) 

5 Les plusors fausent en la fin, (17) 

Mais la u Dex mist tant de fin 
Come en remperre[r]is de Rome. 

72 Car a s'onor voel faire j. lai, 

De Galeron, seror le due (133) 

Et d'llle, le fil Eliduc. 

Madame,^ ij. Bretegnes sunt, 

Et gens diverses y estunt. 

Li Englois sont en la gregnor,^ 

Mais li Norman en sont segnor. 

En, la menor sont li Breton. 
80 tJns dus I'ot ja, Conains ot non, (1^0) 

Et Galerons sa suer estoit. 
Conclusion : 

De Rome est Y[lles] emperere (6553) 

Et rois et sire et commandere. 

iij. fix ot puis de sa mollier (6570) 

Et une fille mult tres bele. 

Acarras en tent la novele, 

Et Garsions, li ainsnes frere ; 

A Rome vienent a lor pere 

Et a lor freres qui i sont, (6575) 

Qui mervellose joie en font. 

Li uns des trois freres Romains 

A non Morins, I'autres Gormains, 

Li tiers a non Oriades. 

Cist fircnt puis proece ades. (6580) 

Et lor suer Ydone a a non 

Et I'altre Ydonie ont li Breton. 

Des ij. enfans son bon segnor (6582) 

Fait Ganors joie mult gregnor 

Qu'ele ne fait des siens demainne, 

Li pere mult grant joie mainne. 



Aadame, MS. (through error of rubricator). 

menor, MS. 



224 

Mult furent puis de halte afaire, (6585) 

Mais n'en vuel plus lone conte faire 
Ne CO n'ataint pas ci a dire. 
O Ganor vesqui puis li sire 
A joie tans dis con Dex volt. 
Ne en I'estorie plus n'en ot, (6590) 

Ne plus n'en a, ne* plus n'i mist 
Galtres d'Arras, qui s'entremist (6592) 

D'Eracle ains qu'il fesist ceste uevre. 
Gil Dex, vers cui nus ne se cuevre, 
Doinst bien la bone Beatris. 
Qui est de Rome empereris, 
Cele est la meldre qui soit nee, 
En vie se rest mult penee, 
Et gart le bon Conte Tiebaut ; 
Cist dui me sont et liet et baut. 
Cestui de menconge a prover 
Que le ne puet son per trover 
Pur parler mels qui nus ne fait, 
Pur faire mels qu'il parle n'ait. 
Et tot ce vigne en cell 
Pur ce m'eslonge plus de li, 
Qui por rien c'onques me feist. 
Cuidies se il ne me feist 
Et ele ausi que jel deisse, 
Ne en tel painne me meisse, 
Mais I'uevre est mult bien emploie 
Au quel d'ax qu'el soit envoie, 
Plus d'onor a I'uns de ces deus 
Qui de ceste uevre n'a nus deus, 
Por qant por li le commencai 
Et por le conte le final. 
L'uevre n'iert ja en lui con tee 
Que d'eax ne soit plus amontee 
Que il ne doivent par li estre. 
Ne mais ce dient li ancestre 
Que bon ami mostrer estuet 
Tant d'amor veals con faire puet. 
Explicit. 

HI. (Fo. 189.) — A poem of about six thousand five 
hundred octosyllabic lines of the Arthurian cycle, evidently 
based upon Geoffrey of Monmouth. As appears from the first 
line the author was a Master Heldris (= Hildric, Heudri) de 
Comvalle, a name hitherto unknown. 

[MJaistres Heldris de Cornvalle 

Escrist ces viers trestolt a talle, 

A eals qui sunt conmande et rueve. 

El commencier de suns qu'il trouve, 

Que cis qi savra, ains les arge, 

Que il a tels gens les esparge, 

Que qant il oent un bon conte 



225 

Ne sevent preu a qoi il monte ; 
Ne violt qu'espars soient per gent 
Qui proisent mains honor d' argent, 
N'a gent qi tolt voellent oir 
Et si n'ont soing con puist i oir 
De gueredon qu'il voellent rendre. 
Uns clers poroit lone tans aprendre 
Por rime trover et por viers, 
Tant par est cis siecles diviers 
Q'ancois poroit rime trover 
Qui peust en cest mont trover. 

After a lengthy prologue on morals, etc., it proceeds : 
Ebans fu ja rois d'Engletiere, 
Si maintint bien en pais la terre ; 
Fors solement le rei Artu 
N'i ot ainc rien de sa vertu 
Ens le roiame des Englois. 
Li siens conmans n'ert pas i Englois, 
Car n'avoit home ens el roiame 
De Wincestfe trosque Durame, 
S'il osast son conmant enfraindre, 
Ne'l fesist en sa carcre enpaindre : 
Par tel covant n'a droit n'a tort 
N'en issist point trosque la mort. 

Among the characters are Gui de Calmont, " Rogiers nes 
de Bialmont," and Hyebles de Castel Landon. 
Conclusion (Fo. 224, col. 1) : 

Grant joie en out cho est a droit. 

Maistre Heldris dist chi endroit 

Con doit plus bone feme amer 

Que hair malvaise u blasmer. 

Mais efforcier plus de bien faire 
Chi voel a fin mon conte traire. 
Beneois soit qui je vos conte 
Beneois soit qui fist le conte ; 
A cials, a celes qui I'oirent 
Otroit Jhesus cho qu'il desirent. 
Explicit. 

IV. (Fo. 224.) — About four thousand lines (Alexandrines), 
entitled in a rough, contemporary hand, " Gest Aalix^ndre." 
This is part of the great Alexander Romance of Lambert li 
Tors, a Picard poet, and Alexander de Bernay, which was 
edited in the Bibliothek des literarischen Vereins in Stuttgart, 
vol. xiii, by Heinrich Michelant, in 1846. It comrdences 
abruptly with the account of the siege of Tyre (:i= Michelant, 
p. 93, from whose text it differs considerably) as follows : 
Devant les murs de Tyr la dedens en la mer, 
Li rois de Macedonie fist j. castiel fremer. 
Mult fut riche la tors ; s'ot en ,tor maint piler, 

M 15 



226 

La facon del castiel ne vus sai deviser. 
De la porte vers tiere lor volt le port veer 
Qu' a la cite ne puisscent venir ne retorner 
Barges, nes ne galies, ne isseir ne entrer. 
Li rois i comanda de sa gent a aler, 
Armes e garisons i fait asses porter. 
Conclusion, fo. 245 verso (cf. Michelant, p. 211, lines 14, 15) : 
Mairiens en voient querre ens es selves plenieres 
Por faire des grans fus les perieres manieres. 

V. (Fo. 246 verso.) — A poem entitled " Gest d'laumont 
et d'Agoulant," in rhymed decasyllabics. This is the 
Charlemagne Chanson de Geste known as Aspremont (edited 
by Immanuel Bekker, in the introduction to Der Roman von 
Fierabras, Berlin, 1829, p. 53, and by Guessard and Gautier, 
Paris, 1855. Cf. Grober's Grundriss der romanischen Philologie. 
ii, part 1, p. 540). 

Commencement : 

Plaist vos oTr bone cancon valiant 
De Carlemainne le rice roi poiscant, 
Del due Namlon, qui li rois ama tant, 
Tel consellier n'orent onques li Franc. 

11 Or vos dirai d'Aumont e d'Agolant, 

Et d'Aspremont, u li camp furent grant. 

Si con li rois i adoba Rollant 

Eil li cainst al coste I'orie brant, 

Cho dist la gieste Durendal le trencant. 

C'est la premiere dont il onques fist sane, 

Aumont ocist, qui fu fix Agolant. 

Or escotes des ici en avant, 

Se le vos plaist, bone cancon vus cant. 

Conclusion (fo. 305 verso) : 

Cante vos ai d'Agol[ant] e de Alm[ont] 
De Karlemainne a la fiere facon, 
Et de Gir[art] le fil au due Benson, 
De la batalle qui fut en Aspremon. 

Cil Damerdex, qui sofri passion 
Et suscita de mort S. Lasaron, 
D'aus e de nos aies merci par non. 
D'or en avant en remaint la cancon. 
Ici fenist que ja plus ne diron. 
Explicit. 

V*I. (Fo. 306.) — A poem in rhymed octosyllables entitled 
** Del Roi Artut." This is the poem known as Messire 
Gauvaiyi, ou la Vengeance de Raguidel, par le trovere Eaoul, 
. . . public par C. Hippeau, Paris, 1862, octavo (in the 
" Collection des Poetcs fran9ais du Moyen Age "), from a 
*' unique " MS. in London {Le Bel Inconnu, ed. Hippeau. 



227 

Paris, 1860, p. xxv), and by Mathias Friedwagner, La Vengeance 
Raguidel, as vol. ii of " Raoul von Houdenc Samtliche 
Werke," Halle, 1909. The present MS. is superior in age and 
in language. 
Commencement : 

[C]e fut el novel tans d'este 

Que li rois Artus ot este 

Tot le quareme a Rouelent, 

Et vint a grant plente de gent 

A Pasques por sa cort tenir, 

A Carlion, car maintenir 

Volt li rois la costume lors. 

O lui fu li rois Engenors. 

Si i fu li rois Aguisait. 

Mais ja de prince qu'il i ait 

Ne vos tenrai en cest point conte. 

Issi, con la matere conte, 

Li rois tint cort a Carlion, 

Tuit li prince et tuit li baron 

Furent a la cort asamble. 

It concludes abruptly at fo. 337 verso (omitting the ninety 
following hnes of Friedwagner 's text) : 

Se vos volrons tant d'anor faire 

Que tot ensanle o vos iron 

A la cort et garant seron (6090) 

Que Ragidau est bien vengies." 

"Jo ne vuel pas que i vegnies." 

VII. (Fo. 338). — A folio or more are missing, fo. 338 com- 
mencing abruptly with 191 lines of an inedited fabhau, the 
beginnmg of which is lacking, on the famiUar theme of the 
wish granted to the good man (here by angels in the form of 
birds) and the three wishes (here with the alternative of male- 
dictions) that bring ruin upon the covetous man, to whom 
they are in this story given by fallen angels in the form of 
black birds larger than ravens. Their appearance is described 
in two lines (94, 95) " Quant il vit venir une torbe. Qui mult 
estoit hisdeuse et torbe " that recur w^ith a slight change in 
XII. 167, 168 " Apres lui venoit une torbe, Qui mult estoit 
hisdeuse et torbe," which suggests that the author of this 
fabliau is also Gauters li Leus. 
Commencement : 

Deseur le roit s'est estendus. 

Cil laiens parolent a lui : 

" Amis, ne nos faites anui. 

Ne somes pas oisel terestre, 
5 Ancois somes angle celestre. 

Oste te roit, lai nos aler, 

Ni poomes plus demorer. 

Tu en aras tel gerredon 

Que Dex te fera vrai pardon. 



228 

10 Et si aras si grant avoir 
Que tu onques volras avoir 
Por sohaidier a une fie.'' 
Li prodom, qui en Deu se fie, 
Qui n'estoit mie covoiteus 
15 Et del rover estoit honteus. 

Dist : " Je ne vuel ne plus ne mains 
Q'autant qe mes frere Germains, 
Mais que je Faie sans pecciet." 
The covetous man is the brother, Tiebaus, of " li pro- 
dom ", and is envious of the latter 's sudden prosperity : 
60 Car vilains, qui plains est d'envie, 
Ne volroit ja tote sa vie, 
Que nus hom qui montast a lui 
Devenist plus riques de lui." 
After a wrangle with his wife, he is obliged to surrender 
to her two of the three wishes. The first, which is uttered 
by her, resembles that of the mother in the Appendix to 
Phaedrus, no. 3, is the motiveless one that her infant son may 
have a beard : 

170 "Je vos sohaide, sire fils, 
Por ce que estes si pius, 
Que vos aies plus longue barbe 
Que soit li loiens d'une garbe." 
Et il I'eut maintenant en oire, 
176 Mais ele fu et blance et noire. 
Dist li vilains : " Sohaide miels, 
Male goute te criet les iels ! " 
Cele respont : " voire les vos." 
The three wishes thus lead to their loss of sight. 
Conclusion : 

184 Fortune, qui les ot haucies, 
Les a. laidement abascies. 
Poruec est drois que que nus die 
Que Damerdex celui maudie 
Qui ases a et trop golose, 
Si con fist li rois de Tolose, 
190 Qui trai sa seror Germainne 
Por avoir le roi Karlem[ainne]. 
VIII. (Fo. 339).— An inedited fabhau, with the title " Del 
fol Vilain." It is of a gross nature, as befits its author Gauters 
li Leus, whom we are able to identify by the aid of No. 
XI with the hitherto unidentified Gautier who wrote the 
obscene " Conebert " (No. XIII). The text of the present 
fabliau extends to 375 lines. It relates a ridiculous trick 
played upon the villein by the lover of his bride on the bridal 
night. It mentions Robuedin H Laron (28), HelHnes and 
Godfrois, sons of Mehaut (31), Englebert le Cort of Walecort 
(50), " Le Segnor Baud[ouins] de Soire " (56), Guinant, 
"provos de Dinant " (87), Robins de Fcllui (140), Gautelos 
and Roimondins (141), the son of Godefroit Bondins (142), 



229 

Mainsens, the bride (188), Robers, her lover (189), Ermenfrois 
barbe lee (214), Gonduins, Godebers, Warenbaus and 
Warenbers (215, 216), the ford of Martin son of Herbert, and, 
as a distant point contrasted with the site of an incident in 
the story, Meulens (Meulan, in the Department of the 
Seine-et-Oise). The mentions of Walecort (Walcourt, in 
Flemish Hainault) is due to the local knowledge of the 
author (cf. No. XI.). 
Commencement : 

" [P]uis qu'il vient a vos tos a bel 
Dire me covient i. fablel. 
Qui n'est de contes ne de rois, 
De garnemens ne de conrois, 
5 Mais d'un grant vilain malostrut. 
Non eut Evrars li fils Tietrut. 
Cille Tietrus fu tote lorde, 
Et si refu et borgne et sorde, 
Ses barons ot non Gonderres ; 
10 Onques ne fu tondus ne res, 
Gros eut le cief, les ceviax ros, 
Et nes de cat et hure dors. 
Evrars ses fius fu ausi fais. 
De se matere et de ses fais 
15 Vos volrpvi ja un poi retraire." 
Conclusion : 

370 " Si ferai co que faire doi." 
A tant s'en vont dormir andoi. 
Gauters li Leus a tant le lait 
Le conte del fol vilain lait. 
De quanque il fisent puis ce di 
375 Je n'en sai plus ne plus n'en di." 

IX. (Fo. 34:0 verso, col. 2). — A fabHau entitled " Li Provance 
de Femme." This is the fabhau printed under the name of " La 
Veuve," by Gautier le Long(==li Leus?), in A. de Montaiglon 
and G. Raynaud, Recueil general et complet des Fabliaux, Paris, 
1872-1890', ii, 197, from two MSS. in Turin and Paris. 
Commencement : 

[SJegnor, je vos vuel castoier. 

Tuit devons aler ostoier 

En Tost dont nus om ne retorne. 

Saves comment on les atorne, 

Caus qui en cele ost sont semons ? 

On les Ueve sor ij. limons* 

Puis Ten porte on barbe so vine 

Vers le mostier de grant ravine, 

Et sa molliers le siut apres. 
Conclusion (Fo. 343 verso) : 

Je n'i vuel parler plus parfont. 

Feme fait bien que faire doit, 

Li romans faut, drecies le doit. 
The two last lines are not in Montaiglon and Raynaud. 



230 

X. (Fo. 343 verso, col. 1).— A fabliau entitled " De 
Taventure d'Arderene " (the forest of the Ardennes). This 
is printed under the title of " Du sot chevalier " by 
Montaiglon and Eapiaud i, p. 220. From No. XI. it appears 
that this fabliau was also written by Gauters le Leus. 

Commencement : 

[P]uis que je me vuel apoier 

A conter ne a fabloier, 

Je vous doi bien faire savoir, 

Se li leus^ a tant de savoir 

Con doive autorissier ses dis, 

D'une aventure qui jadis 

Avint en la terre d'Ardane, 

A quatre Hues pres d'Andane. 
Conclusion (Fo. 345) : 

Li cus Walon en fu vermaus, 

Et Pieres en eut une trace, 

Dont li sans remest en la place, 

Et li SOS eut apris a f outre. 

A cest mot est li fabliaus oltre. 

XI. (Fo. 345, col. 2).— An inedited fabliau, entitled " De 
ij. Vilains," by Gauters li Leus, consisting of 180 lines, in 
addition to two cancelled lines (69, 70), which occur in their 
proper context in No. VIII. , 135, 136. The story is of a gross 
nature, relating to the mistake made by one of the villeins 
in the night during their stay in the inn. It mentions 
Erasce (Arras ?) and La Thierasche, a district in Haute 
Picardie (Department of the Aisne), the return of the villeins 
into Ostrevant (now in the Department of the Nord) (169), St. 
Amand, Marchiennes, and Valenciennes, all in the Department 
of the Nord (173, 174), which was evidently the locality in 
which the author lived. In the final quotation he tells us 
that this is the eleventh fabliau written by him. The 
personal names mentioned are Rogiers de le Porte, father 
of one of the viUeins (74), Robert lo Part, or Lopart, (objective 
case, 112), Mainsent, the host's wife (140). 

Commencement : 

[G]au tiers, qui fist de Conebert 

Et del sot chevaler Robiert, 

Nos aconte d'une aventure 

Qu'il a fait metre en escriture, 
5 Qu'il avint deus vilains d'Erasce, 

Qui s'en alevent en Tierasce. 

Leve furent a la jornee. 

Mult fisent eel jor grant jornee, 

Qant il furent a ostel trait 
10 Mult furent lasset et es trait. 
Conclusion : 

Et cil qui eurent pris congiet 

Sont revenu en Ostrevant, 

1 Apparently a reference to the author. 



231 

170 La dont il furent mut devant, 

Sacies de fit que li goulius 

Le raconta ent a mains lius 

A S. Amant et a Marcienea. 

Uns bacelers de Valencienes, 
175 Qui avoit este ens el leu, 

Le raconta Gauter le Leu, 

Et 11 mist le fablel en rime. 

X. en a fait, ves ci Tonsime. 

Car fuscent or si atorn^es 
180 Totes les dames mestornees. 

Qui ont les maris bons et beax, 

Ses honiscent par lor lembeax. 

XII. (Fo. 346, col. 1). — An inedited fabliau, with the added 
title " De Dieu et dou Pescour ", consisting of 240 lines, in 
addition to two cancelled lines (177, 178), which recur in 
their proper context in No. XI, 28, 29. The story relates the 
failure of Judas, St. Peter and ultimately of Our Saviour to 
obtain fish from the fisherman, an obstinate and didactic 
person, the appearance of an awe-inspiring troop of figures, 
headed by Death, who points out other figures bearing the 
various fevers, etc. 
Commencement : 

[GJauters nos dist une proverbe 
Del Segnor qui fait croistre I'erbe, 
Si con il prist anontion 
Et il sui porcession, 
5 Et il ala con hom carnaus 
O ses apostles conmunaus. 
Si con I'estorie nos aconte 
Dont nos avons estrait cest conte 
Que Dex estoit a Tabarie,^ 
10 S'ert repairies de sa forie, 
lui estoient si menistre, 
Apostle et evangelistre, 
Judas, qui plus fu emparles, 
Li sist a son senestre les. 
15 Se li a dit par grant dangler 
" Sire, nos covenroit mangier, 
Nos ne menjames tres ieniuit. 
En ne cuidies qu'il nos anuit ? " 
Conclusion : 

231 " Envie," fait il, " je t'otroi 
Tant con ensanle en ierent troi, 
Que tu seras tostans li qars. 
De ce ne soies pas coars, 
235 Envie, tu durras tos dis, 
Mais ja n'iras en paradis." 
Ens[i] ceste aventure avint 



1 Tiberias. 



232 

Que Dex sans piscons s'en revint, 
Et s'en fu estrais et lasses, 
240 Et li morille en eut asses. 
XIII. (Fo. 347 verso). — An imperfect fabliau, consisting 
of 84 lines, with the scribbled title " De Prestre ki pardi 
l[es coljles." This appears under the correct name " De 
Connebert " (cf. No. XI above) in Montaiglon and Raynaud, 
V, p. 160, where it extends to 314 lines. 
Commencement : 

[G]autiers, qui fist del prestre taint, 
A tant caciet qu'il a ataint 
D'une autre prestre le matire. 
Qui n'eut mie le coUe entire 
5 Qant il departi de celui 
Qui h ot fait honte et anui. 



21 Li prestres ot a non Ricars, 
Qui mult estoit fols et musars, 
Et si fu nes de Colencestre,^ 
Et il et trestot si ancestre. 



The following occur in a loose quire at the commence- 
ment of the volume : 

XIV. — A fabhau of 679 lines, the first two columns of 
which have been partly obliterated by the wear and tear of 
the outside leaf upon which they are written. This 
is the fabhau pubhshed under the title '' De la Dame 
escoUiee " in Montaiglon and Raynaud, vi, p. 95, where 
it extends only to 618 hues. The Wollaton text has the line 

" Welcome ! " crie tot en haut. 
instead of (p. 109, line 18) 

" Bien viegnoiz ! " dit il tot en halt. 
The first section of the third column commences : 
[A] tant li sires s'entorna, 
Et li cuens apres lui ala. 
Si le salue hautement : 
" Dex saut le segnor et sa gent ! " 
5 " Sire cuens, Dex vos beneie 

Et vostre gente conpagnie ! " (120) 
Li cuens a dit " herbergies nos." 
"No ferai foi que je doi vos," 
Fait U sire " que ne volrai 
10 Ne ja ne m'en entremetrai." 

"Si feres par vostre francisse." (125) 
"No ferai voir en nule guisse." 
"Avoi! beax sire, par amor 
Nos herbergies desci qu'al jor." 
15 " No ferai en nule maniere, 

Ne par amor ne par proiere." (130) 

1 This is curiously explained by Montaiglon and Raynaud as " Gloster.*' 



233 

La dame I'ot et vient avant, 
Qui ja fera le sien conmant 
" Sire cuens, bien soies venus ! 
Liement seres retenus. 
Descendes ! " Tost il descendirent. 

XV. — A fabliau with the scribbled title " Bes iij. Coman- 
demens." It is printed under the title " Des Putains et des 
Lecheors " in Montaiglon and Raynaud, iii, p. 175, and in 
Wright, Anecdota Literaria, p. 64. The four lines at the 
beginning are not in the printed texts. 
Commencement : 

1 [XJ]n fablel veritable et cort, 
Cortois pur recovrer en cort, 
Vos conterai, si I'escoutes, 
Car mult doit bien estre escoltes. 
5 Qant Dex ot estore le monde. 
Si con il est a la roonde, 
Et qanque il covins dedens 
Trois ordenes esgarda de gens, 
Qu'il fist el siecle demorans, 
10 Chevalers, clers, et laborans. 
Conclusion : 

En tel gent sont bien emploie 

Des rentes, des dimes li bien, (105) 

Car cest conmant gardent il bien 

Deseur tos les autres et font. 

S[i] cis fableaux dist voir, done sont 

De cest conmant li clerc sauve 

Et tuit li chevaler danne. 

XVI. — A poem of 127 lines, with the title scribbled in the 
margin in a thirteenth century hand " Li Dis Raoul de 
Hosdaing. " The poem is an addition to the works of this 
able poet. The portion from line 11 to the end appears, with 
considerable alterations, omissions, etc., and with a prologue 
of the jongleur, in " Le Borjois Borjon," printed from a Berne 
MS. by Thomas Wright in his Anecdota Literaria, London, 
1844, p. 57. The text in the Wollaton MS. commences : 
[E]ncontre le dole tans qui vient 
Me plaist, por ce qu'il m'en sovient, 
Que je die un fablel novel. 
J'ai tort qant je fablel I'apel, 
5 Car ce n'est mie fabliaus : non, 
II n'a de fablel fors le non, 
Car li dit en sont veritable, 
Por tant I'apel fablel sans fable, 
Que Raols de Hosdaing conmence, 
10 Et si nos dist en sa sentence 
Q'onors deciet et honte avive, 
Ja nus qui de demander vive 
Por beax mos ne por bel parler, 



234 

Por solas ne por vTeler, 
15 Por deduit ne por rien qu'il die 

N'enconterra mais cortesie." 
Conclusion : 

120 Onques nul borjois ne conui 

Qui povre chevaler amast, 

Ne qui volontiers s'acostast 

De leceor a povre robe. 

Borjois n'ainme ome s'il nel robe, 
125 Ja tant n'iert sages ne cortois, 

Un tel borjon ont li borjois." 

XVII.— A fabliau with the scribbled title " De I'Arme ki 
wagna (?) Paradis par plait." This is the fabliau " Du Vilain 
qui conquist Paradis par Plait," printed by Montaiglon and 
Raynaud, iii, p. 209. 
Commencement : 

[N]os trovomes en escriture 

Une mervellose aventure, 

Qui jadis avint d'un vilain. 

Mors fu par un Venresdi main. 

Tels aventure li avint 

Q'angles ne deables ne vint. 
Conclusion : 

Noreture vaint mais nature, 

Fausetes amorte droiture. 

Tors va avant et drois a orce, 

Mels valt engiens que ne fait force. (180) 

XVIII. — Fifteen lines, finishing with the last page of the 
quire, of a fabliau, with the scribbled title " De le Cugnie," 
as follows : 

[U]ns fevres fist une cuignie 
Dure, trencant et bien forgie 
Mais onques ne s'en pent aidier 
Ne rien n'en pooit detrencier 
5 Devant qu'ele fust enmancie, 
Adont fu bien aparellie. 
El bos ala por demander 
A cascun fust qu'il pot trover 
Au quel il li loent entendre, 
10 Dont il peust j. mance prendre. 
Li fust ont ensanle parle, 
Conmunement li ont loe 
Que il prenge la noire espine, 
Neis I'escorce et la racine, 
15 En est mult dure a depecier. 
This is the commencement of Marie de France's ^Esopian 
fable " De Fabro et Securi " (ed. by Karl Warnke, Die 
Fabeln der Marie de France, Halle, 1898, p. 168, in Hermann 
Suchier's Bibliotheca Normannica, vol. VI). 



235 

A volume of 76 folios, measuring 9J inches by 12J, written 
in double columns in a French book-hand of about the 
middle of the thirteenth century, containing a portion of 
" Le Petit Saint Graal", which is known also as the " Roman 
de Joseph d'Arimathie ", a portion of the great " Saint 
Graal " of Robert de Borron (Le Saint-Graal, ou Le Joseph 
d'Arimathie^ . . publie . . par Eugene Hucher, three 
vols, Le Mans, 1875-1878). 

Commences (:= Huchet, ii, 466) : 

*' Molt durerent longuement cil arbres en tel color e 
en tel beaute com vos avez oi deviser el conte, ne onques 
ne vielli ne ne chanja ne ne secha, ne de nul rien n'en- 
poira, fors de tant seulement qu'il ne porta puis icele 
heure que li Sans Abealx [Abel the son of Adam and Eve] fu 
desot espanduz ne flors ne fruit." 

The title of the pretended story cited by Borron appears 
at fol. 12i;, col. 2 : " Cist contes, qui est apelez * Le Conte del 
Saint Graal,' devise que quant li home li roi Label orent pris 
Celydoine," etc. (=Hucher, ii. 533). 

Conclusion : " Ceste aventure fu nonciee par le pais, e 
tant que li chevaler i venoient tuit, e povre e riche, si tost 
com il estoient navre, e garisioint maintenant. Un jour avint 
que par devant la tonbe passoit j. lion, e aloit chacant j. cerf, 
qu'il a consiui iluec devant ; si le prist e occist, e en ce qu'il 
le voloit mangier, si vint d'autre part j. autres Hons geuns e 
fameilleus, qui le voloit la proie tolir." . . . (= Hucher, 
iii, p. 306). 

" Si se test ore H contes de totes les Hgniees qui de Celydoine 
oissirent, e retorne a une autre estoire de Merlin, qu'il covient 
ajoster ensenble que fine force avec I'estoire del Saint Graal, 
porce que branche en est e i apartient, e comence mes Sires," 
which is followed by part of the initial " R[obert de Borron 
le branche en tel manier]," (This passage is found in Hucher, 
iii, p. 307). The MS. is incomplete, for half the page is torn away, 
and the whole of the back of the half -page is left blank. The 
last sentence appears as "Si commence Merlin Roberts de 
Borron en tel maniere " in the MS. described in Notices et 
Extraits des MSS., xxxiv, p. 166. 

The MS. contains jottings here and there in a sUghtly later 
French hand, and also (fo. 75) : " Hie est numerus ordei, 
f rumen ti et fabarum, que habeo penes Jametam (?) Lamenza 
(?) in villa de Plesseiaco." There is also the com- 
mencement of a deed : "A toux ecus qi cestes lettres ver- 
rount ou orrunt, Roger, . . . . , evesque de Coventr' 
et de Lycheffeld," etc., probably referring to Roger de 
Northburgh, 1322-1359, the latest bishop who bore the 
Christian name of Roger. 

Six leaves, measuring 8 J inches by G inches, of a legal work 
in an early fourteenth century hand, beginning : " Et sic 
adnichilatur processus habitus in ipso comitatu, quia hie non 



236 

habet comitatus recordum. Hinc autem perhimitur pro- 
cessus inde habitus et stat breve. Petens autem quicunque^ 
fuerit moderata gracia semper potest habere 'pone. Sup- 
ponendum est enim, quod procrastinacio peticionis non pre- 
judicat occupanti, verbi gracia : si peterem a te fundum hodie 
mihi restitui quod me procurante defertur," etc. Con- 
clusion : " Quot autem fuerunt deforciantes nominati in brevi, 
tociens repetatur cape.'' This is part of Ralph Hengham's 
Siimma 3Iagna, c. 4 (pp. 9-16 of Selden's text, from which it 
varies occasionally). 24 

A folio MS., measuring 15J inches by lOJ, of John Gower's 
" Confessio Amantis," in English and French, of the early 
part of the fifteenth century. It is of value for textual 
purposes, and has been described by Professor G. C. 
Macaulay in his edition of the poet's works, vol. ii, p. clvi. 

Large folio service book, formerly belonging to the church 
of WoUaton, with richly illuminated borders and initials, on 
parchment, in a fifteenth century hand, rubricated in red. 
On a blank page preceding the calendar, which occurs about 
the middle of the volume, is written : 

" Orate pro anima Willelmi Husse, quondam rectoris istius 
ecclesie de WoUaton, cujus bonorum ministratores istum 
librum pro decem marcis emerunt, et ilium librum pro divino 
servicio ibidem celebrando imperpetuum dicte ecclesie dederunt. 
Insuper alienanti anathema sit." 

The preceding folios contain copies of receipts for payments 
of subsidies for WoUaton and Sutton Passeys on 12 May, 4 
Henry VIII, 2 October, 6 Henry VIII, and 13 Henry VII. 

The calendar has the following entries, in different hands, 
of obits : 

" Januarii v Idus [Jan. 9]. Obitus Domine Margarete Legh, 
anno Domini millesimo CCCC'"^ LXXXX'"^ httera 
Dominicali B." 

"Januarii xvij. kal. [Jan. 16]. Obitus Domini Johannis 
Yngulby, capellani, anno Domini Millesimo CCCC'"'^ 
LXXX'"" quinto, Httera Dominicahs A." 

" Mail V. Non. [Maj^ 3]. Obitus Henrici Smyth, patris 
Ricardi Smyth, quondam Rectoris de Wollaton, anno Domini 
Millesimo CCCCC" XII J*', cujus anime propicietur Deus. 
Amen. " 

" Maii iij. Non. [May 5]. Obitus Domini WilHelmi Cowper, 
capellani, anno Domini Millesimo CCCC"»° LXX'"" quinto, 
littera Dominicali A." 

"Mali V. Idus. [May 11]. Obitus Domini Henrici Wyl- 
lughby, militis, anno Domini Millesimo CCCCC" XXVIIJ", 
littera Dominicali D. Eb sepultus est isto die apud Wollaton, 
anno predicto," [This latter sentence is written against 

' quiacunque, MS. 



237 

"iij. Id. Mali, [D]edicacio ecclesie de Wollaton. Principale 
festum."] 

"Mali iiij. Id. [May 12]. Obitus Johanne Smyth, uxoris 
predict! Henrici et matris predict! Ricardi, anno Domini 
Millesimo CCCCC'' XXX", littera Dominical! B, cujus anime 
propicietur Deus. Amen." 

"Julii vj. Non. [July 2]. Obitus Robert! Wyloghby, 
armigeri." 

" August! xij. kal. [Aug. 21]. Obitus Johannis Ilkston, 
fratris Robert! Ilkston, quondam Rectoris ecclesie de Wol- 
laton, anno Domini Millesimo CCCC™^ octuagessimo octavo, 
littera Dominical! E." 

" August! xvj. kal. [July 17]. Obitus Robert! Lawrans, 
quondam Rectoris de Wollaton et Averham, anno Domini 
Millesimo D. XVIJ°, littera Domincalis D, cujus anime, etc." 

" Septembris xv. kal. [Sept. 17]. Obitus Domini Willemi 
Husse, quondam Rectoris hujus ecclesie, anno Domini M. 
CCCC° LX«." 

'' Octobris Nonas [Oct. 7]. Obitus Ricardi Wyloghby, 
armigeri." 

"Octobris viij. Id. [Oct. 8]. Obitus Elizabeth Hardwy." 

'* Octobris ix. kal. [Oct. 24]. Obitus Anne Wyllughby, 
anno Domini Millesimo CCCCC" XIIIJ^ littera DominicaHs A." 

Among the illuminations occur the following arms, which 
are connected with the Notts family of Chaworth of Wiverton, 

1. Quarterly one and four, az. two chevrons or (Alfreton, 
later Chaworth); two and three, arg. an inescutcheon within 
an'orle of cinquefoils sable (Caltofte, cf. Thoroton, Antiquities 
of Notts, p. 107). Crest : A tower proper with arg. a mass 
of feathers (?) issuing from it. 

2. No. 1 impaling quarterly one ana four, az. a cross 
arg. (Aylesbury) ; two and three, or three palets gu., on a 
bordure az. thirteen bezants or (Basset of Weldon). Crest : 
a bull sa. armed or. 

3. Gu., a fesse dancetty, between eight billets or, four 
and four (Brett of Wiverton, cf. Thoroton, p. 107). Crest : A 
man's head gu., garlanded arg. 

4. Quarterly one and four, az. two chevrons or (Alfreton) ; 
two and three, arg. two Hons passant gu. (Randolph ; cf . Thoroton, 
p. 108b). 

5. Quarterly Alfreton and barry of six, arg. and gu., three 
martlets sa. (Chaworth ; cf Pari. Writs, i, p. 420a). 

6. Quarterly arg. two lions passant gu., and Alfreton. 
Crest : a lion's (?) head, sa. langued gu. 

7. Quarterly Alfreton and Brett (as in No. 3). 

8. Aylesbury (as in No. 2) and Basset of Weldon (as in 
No. 2). Crest : a dragon's (or bird's ?) head or, langued gu. 

A thick volume, in gatherings of ten folios, of about 
demi-octavo size, written on parchment in a bold, fifteenth 
century hand, rubricated in red, in original binding, 



238 

containing homilies in English verse. This is the work entitled 
" Speculum Vitae," ascribed to WiUiam of Nassington, which 
has not yet been printed. Some extracts from it, derived 
from other MSS., are given by Ullman in Englische Stvdien, 
vol. vii, p. 468 sqq. 
Commencement : 

Almyghty God in Trinite, 
In whom onely ben persones thre, 
Fader and sone and Holy Gost, ^ 
J)at ben on God, as we trow most, 
Spede us now at Ipis begynnyng, 
And graunt us alle good endyng, 
And '^if me grace suche wordes to say 
J)at may be most god to pay, 
And to ])o fende schame and schenschip 
And to God lovyng and worschip, 
And to you ])at heres me also 
Hele of soule, and to alle f)oo 
])at have nede of good counsail, 
And mede to me for my travail. 
Preyeth alle nowe for charite 
Specialy })at it so be. 

And ))er to J)at eche man with good wille 
Biddef) a pater noster stille. 
The following interesting passage occurs at fo. 1 verso : 
I warne ^ou first at J^o bigynnyng 
I wol make no veyn karpyng 
Of dedes of armes ne of amours, 
As don mynstrales and jest ours, 
J3at maken karpynge in many place 
Of Octavyan and Ysambrace, 
And of many oJ)er gestes. 
Namely when pei come to festes, 
Ne of pe lyf of Bevys of Hampton' 
fat was a knyght of gret renoun, 
Ne of Sir Gy of Warwyk, 
Al ^if it myght somme men lyk, 
I Jjenke my karpyng schal not be. 
For 1 hold J^at noght hot vanite. 
Bot ])is schal be my karpyng. 
To karpe of most nedeful f>yng 
)}at sikerest is for soule and lif 
To man, womman, mayde, and wif. 
])erfore, gode men pat ben here, 
Lystene]} to me and '^e may here 
How ^e schal her' rewle your lif 
And governe wel ^our' wittes fif. 
How 3e schul folowe God's wille. 
And knowe boJ)e gode and ille. 
And what ^e schal chese, and what forsake. 
And what wei 3e schal to Hevene take, 



239 

In Engsysch tonge I schal ;ou telle, 
'^if '^e so longe with me wil dwelle, 
Ne Latyn wil 1 speke ne waste, 
Bot Englysch pen usen maste, 
For ]}at is ^our' kyiide langage 
])at ^e have most her' of usage, 
J)at kan eche man understonde 
Ipat is boren in Engelonde, 
For ))at langage is most schewed 
As wel among lered as lewed. 
Latyn, as I trowe, can nane 
Bot Jioo Jjat have it at scole tane. 
Somme kan Frensch and no Latyn 
J)at used have court and dwelled J)erin, 
And somme kan of Latyn a party 
J)at kan French ful febelly, 
And somme understonden Englysch 
])at kan nou))er Latyn ne Frensch. 
Bot lered and lewed, olde and 3onge, 
AUe understonden Englysch tonge. 
))erefore I hold it most siker J)an 
To schewe ])o langage ]}at eche man kan, 
And for lewede men namely 
])at can no maner of clergy 
To ken hem wer' most nede, 
For clerkus kan holpe se and rede 
In djrvrerse bokes of Holy Writ 
How Ipei schul lif '^if pei loke it. 
f)erfore I wol me fioUy halde 
To J)at langage J}at Englysch is kalde. 
The rubrics are : " De dignitate Orationis Dominice ; 
Decem precepta ; De xij. articuhs Fidei ; De humiHtate in 
corde ; De humilitate in ore ; De humilitate in opere ; 
De septem virtutibus ; De vita activa ; De vita contemplativa ; 
De superbia ; De humilitate ; De invidia ; De amicitia ; 
De ira ; De equitate ; De accidia ; De virtute probitatis ; 
De confessione ; Peccata cordis ; Peccata oris ; Peccata 
operis ; Peccata omissionis ; De confessione ; Bellum Mundi ; 
Bellum Diaboli ; De avaritia ; De latrocinio ; De predonibus ; 
De calumpnia ; De sacrilegio ; De symonia ; De malignitate ; 
De falsis mercatoribus ; De ludo temerario ; De officio 
temerario ; De misericordia ; Opera misericordie spiritualia : 
De elemosina ; De dono intellectus ; De luxuria ; De castitate ; 
De statu virginum et corruptorum ; De statu conjugatorum ; 
De statu viduetatis ; De statu virginitatis ; De statu cleri- 
corum ; De statu religiosorum ; De dono sapientie : De gula , 
De gula in taberna ; Peccatum male hngue ; De perfectione ; 
De sobrietate et temperantia ; De Beatitudinibus." 
Conclusion : 

To whiche blisse He bringe alle, our Lord 
God almyghty. Ame[n]. Jesus est amor mens. 



240 

A large folio MS., measuring 22:1 inches by 15 J, in fifteenth 
century writing, with richly illuminated initials, borders, etc., 
containing the English version, which was completed at 
Berkeley on 6 February, 6 Richard II (1383), of Bartholomew 
(Glanville) " De Proprietatibus Rerum." At the end is 
written : " Explicit Tract [at Jus, qui vocatur ' Bartholomeus 
de Proprietatibus Rerum,' Chaworth." It is followed by 
" The Abbay of pe Holy Gost." 

A very large and thick octavo service book, in a fifteenth 
century hand, with richly illuminated initials, commencing, 
after the calendar, with " Omnibus dominicis per annum 
post Primam et capitulum fiat benedictio salis et aque ad 
gradum chori capa serica sacerdote cum aliis vestibus induto 
sacerdotalibus, hoc modo incipiente " (part of the Gradale). 

A 15th century MS. bound in beech boards covered with 
stamped leather, with richly illuminated initials. The pages 
measure 12 inches by 8. It is a volume of prayers, com- 
mencing : " Summe sacerdos et vere pontifex qui te optulisti 
Deo patri hostiam puram et immaculatam in ara crucis pro 
nobis miseris peccatoribus." It ends with " De angelis oratio. 
Obsecro vos, angelici Spiritus, quibus ego ad providendum 
et custodiendum commissus sum, ut custodiatis et protegatis 
me in corpore et anima ab omni hostili incursu," etc. 

A thick volume in original binding, measuring 7 J inches 
by lO.V inches, containing English translations of the Statutes 
from i Edward III to 20 Henry VI. At the end of the 
Statutes for 18 Henry VI is written, in a contemporary hand : 
" Iste liber constat Willelmo Coote, de Conyngesby, legi 
periti " {sic). 

A quarto volume of parchment in covers of the same, 
containing English translations of documents relating to 
Sherwood Forest and the Forest Laws, written in a hand 
that the inspector recognises as that of William Easingwold, 
Town Clerk of Nottingham from about 1478 to about 1506 
(see Records of the Borough of Nottingham, iii, p. ix.). It is 
a translation of the official Forest book, and agrees largely 
with the Sherwood Forest Book in the Pubhc Record Office 
(Exchequer, Treasury of Receipt, Miscellaneous Books, 
No. 76), which is written for the greater part in an early 
fifteenth century hand. The contents are mainly taken from 
the rolls of justices in Eyre for pleas of the Forest in Notts in 
15 Edward I and 8 Edward III (Exchequer, Treasury of Receipt, 
Forest Proceedings, Nos. 127, 132). References are appended 
to sixteenth century translations in Robert White's Dukery 
Records, Worksop, 1902. The contents are as follows : 

Forest charter of Henry III {Statutes of the Realm ^ i, 
' Charters of Liberties,' p. 20], 



241 

1253, May 13. — Curse pronounced against breakers of 
Magna Carta and the Charter of the Forest by the archbishop 
of Canterbury and other bishops by consent of the king and 
his nobles (fo. A 2 verso). [Foedera, i, p. 289 ; Stubbs, Select 
Charters, eighth edition, p. 373 ; White, p. 404.] 

1227, February 9. Writ (described in error as xx Henry 
III instead of xj) to the " rewarders " of Shirewod Forest, no- 
tifying them that the king has pardoned "the walkers" {i.e. 
perambulators) of the forest their error in the perambulation 
(fo. A 3). [Patent Rolls of Henry III, 1225-1232, p. 109; 
White, p. 405.] 

[c. 1189]. Grant by John, "Erie of Morton," to " Rauff 
the Sonne of Stevyn and Maude Caux, his wyffe," of the 
custody, etc., of the Forest of cos. Nottingham and Derby 
(fo. A 3 verso). [Eyre RoUNo. 132, ro. 31, 33d ; White, p. 405.] 

1252, July 4. Inquisition taken at St. John's Hospital, 
Nottingham, concerning all the ministers of the aforesaid 
forest and concerning the estate of Robert Everyngham, 
Forester in Fee of the same, which describes the divisions, 
etc., of the Forest. [White, p. 406.] 

1232, July 16. Letters Patent of Henry III, confirming 
and reciting the perambulation of the Forest made by Hugh 
Nevell and " Brian of the He ", whereby the part of Not- 
tinghamshire called " The Cley " and the part called " Hat- 
feld " are disafforested (fo. A 4 verso). [Calendar of Charter 
Rolls, 1226-1257, p. 165; White, p. 406.] 

Undated. Boundaries of the Hays and woods of the afore- 
said Forest, to wit Lyndeby Haye, Welley Haye, Beske- 
wod Parke, [Bestwood Park], Clypston Parke, Bilhagh 
and Brikland [Birkland] Haye, Fulwode Wode [parish of 
Hucknall-under-Huthwaite], the wood of Owthesland [Osland 
Wood, near Thoresby, parish of Perlethorpe], the wood of 
Clumber, Carberton Wode, Kyngeshagh [Kingshaugh, parish 
of Darlton], Bulwell Ryse, Arnall [Arnold] woods and 
demesnes, the woods of the Hye Forest, Lyndehurst Wode, 
the wastes of Kygyll and Ravenshead,^ the township of Edyn- 
stowe [Edwinstowe], the lordship of CHpston outside the Park, 
the demesnes of Mamsfeld Wodehouse (fo. A 5). [White, p. 408.] 

[1146-1148]. Grant by Gilbert Gaunt, earl of Lincoln, 
to the monks of Re3rv^all (Rievaulx, co. York) of th^ manor 
and town of Rufford [co. Notts]- " to make an abbey of the 
order of Cisternensis [i.e., the Cistercian order] in the honour 
of Seint Marie the Virgyn" (fo. A 9). [White, pp. 214, 408.] 

1 Cf. Dugdale, Monasticon, vi. p. 474, no. II. 

2 Cf. Rievaulx Chartulary, p. 252, Surtees Society (where it is erron- 
eously identified with Rufforth, co. York) and Monaaticon, v, p. 518, No. 1. 

M 16 



242 

[1146-1154]. Confirmation of the preceding by King 
Stephen. [White, pp. 214, 410.] 

[1165-1162]. Confirmation of the same by Henry II. [Calen- 
dar of Charter Bolls, iii, p. 293 ; White, p. 215.] 

1304, July 7. Writ of Ad quod Dampnum, dated at 
Mitynley [misreading of 'Striuelyn,' i.e. Stirling] to enquire 
whether it would be to the king's damage if he were to grant 
to the abbot of Rufford licence to fell, sell, or do what he 
will with 40 acres of his wood within the aforesaid Forest 
(fo. A 10). [Chancery Inquisitions ad Quod Damnum, file 45, 
no. 2; White, pp. 215, 410.] 

1304. Inquisition taken in accordance with the said writ 
at Edynstowe (Edwinstow, co. Notts), 32 Edward I. 
[Ibid.] 

1304, Sept. 16. Writ of Privy Seal of Edward [I], dated at 
Tynemouth, to his chancellor, ordering him to make a grant 
of the preceding to the abbot and convent under the great 
seal (A 10 verso). [Cf. Calendar of Patent Rolls. 1301-1307, 
p. 258; White, p. 410.] 

1304, Sept. 16. Writ to Robert Clifford, "justice of his 
Forest a this side Trent," ordering him to permit the said 
abbot to dispose of the wood aforesaid as above in accord- 
ance with the king's grant by letters patent. 

[1304]. Copy of return by the ministers of the Forest of 
the acres delivered in pursuance of the preceding grant. 
"First, there be assigned iij. acres and an half, conteynyng 
xv.C. okes in North wode, solde to Walter Bunkes for 
\xixli. xviiJ5. Yn]d. ; also at WulfcHff was oon acre assigned 
that conteyneth ix.^^ okes, sold to John of Lyndeby for 
ixli. xs. ; also there be assigned at the Crossyd Oke iiij. 
acres, the whiche conteyneth a M.CCC. okes, sold to Frere 
Robert for \xi]li. x]s. viijd. ; also in the Forsworne Wode 
is assigned oon acre, etc., sold to Richard of Clifton for 
xyU. ; also in Beskall is assigned oon acre, etc., sold to John 
Bythewater of Edenstowe, Roger the sonne of Rauff of the 
same towne, and to Gilbert of Hyll of Clipston for xli. And 
non more is had in this boke for the blyndenes [i.e. illegi- 
bility] of the first copy, etc." (fo. A 11). 

1287, January 14. Pleas of the Forest held at 
Notyngham, before William Vessy, Thomas Norman vyle, and 
Richard Grjrppyng, justices in eyre for pleas of the Forest, 
on the morrow of St. Hilary, 15 Edward III (rectius Edward 
I), concerning the taking of trees and underwood by the 
abbots of Ruflford from the 47 Henry III. to 15 Edward III 
(rectius Edward I), the trees being taken by virtue of charters 
of the abbey. [Eyre Roll No. 127, ro. 7, 8, 9.] 



243 

[c. 1300.] Bounds of the woods and wastes of Southwell, 
the property of the archbishop of York of the " baronry of 
Sothwell," within the forest of Sherwood "in the tyme of 
John Roman, archebisshop of York" (fo. A 11 verso). [White, 
p. 409.] 

[c. 1300.] Bounds of a wood called " Hayivode," " som- 
tyme Rauff Bugge's of Notyngham and after Richard 
Byngham's, knight, and hit apperteyneth to the towne of 
Byngham " [Haywood Oaks, near Blidworth.] (fo. A 1 2). [Ibid.] 

[c. 1232]. The bounds of the woods and wastes of the 
abbey of Rufford within the forest, " remaynyng after the 
jomay [:::::: cyxe] of Hugh Nevyll and after the departyng 
out of the forest of diverse land in the counte of Notyngham 
by the same Hugh Nevyll, justice of the Forest, etc." [refer- 
ring to the Perambulation of 1232, Calendar of Patent Rolls, 
Henry III, p. 165] (fo. A. 11 verso). [Ibid.] 

1297, May 30 (rectius 28). " A writte to make the reward, 
and the maner of the makyng of the reward, in the tyme of 
kyng Edward, the sonne of kyng Henry, afore the comm^ng 
of the justices of the forest," being letters Close of Edward 
I., dated at Cravenbroke, May 30, anno 25, and the capitula 
of the regard (fo. A 13). [Calendar of Close Rolls, 1296-1302, 
p. 110]. 

[c. 1230.] Writ of Hugh Nevill, justice of the forest, to 
the sheriff to cause jurors to come to enquire into the state 
of the forest (fo. A 14). 

1301, February 29. Writ of Edward I., dated at Lincoln, 
granting, in consideration of the fifteenth granted to him by 
the commonalty of the realm, that the perambulation made 
by John of Lithegreynys and his fellows in the forest in the 
county of Nottingham shall be observed, and copy of the 
perambulation, which was made on Friday after St. Barnabas, 
29 Edward I. (fo. A 14 verso). 

[1272-1307]. Assise of the forest of Edward I. (fo. A 15 
verso). [An ampUfication of the Assize of Woodstock, 1184.] 

1287, January 20. " Oder estatutes of the forest ordeigned 
by William Vessye and his felowes, justices of the forest 
goyng [i.e. in eyre] to hold the plees of the forest at Notyng- 
ham, etc." in the octaves of St. Hilary, 15 Edward [I], (fo. 
B 2). [Eyre RoU No. 127, ro. lOd.] 

1305-6. New statutes of the Forest made by Edward I. 
in the 34th year of his reign (fo. B 2 verso). [Statutes of the 
Realm, i, p. 147.] 

[1311-12]. Other statutes made by the same (sic) king, com- 
mencing '* Pur ceo que common fame est ovesque ceo, etc." 



244 

(fo. B 3 verso). (Pages left blank for insertion of English 
version of these statutes.) ['New Ordinances,' 5 Edward IT, 
c. 18, Statutes of the Realm, i, p. 160.] * 

Undated. " Diverse writtes ordeigned for the forest, and 
the first writte is a venire facias agayn the commyng of the 
Justices of the forest into their jorney, etc." (fo. B 5). 

Undated. The articles to be enquired before the justices 
of the forest in ejo-e (fo. B 5 verso). 

1357, July 3. Regard of Sherwood Forest begun the fifth 
Nones of July, 31 Edward III., giving an account of the old 
and of the new assarts, the old and the new purprestures, 
the wastes of the woods that are not the demesnes of knights 
and others in the regard, the wastes of the woods and hays 
of the king, and the number of the stocks taken out of the 
demesne woods, and of " blittrons "^ and the " hynderyng " 
of branch- wood after the last regard, the names of those that 
have taken stubs, stocks, "blittrons,"^ and cartloads of branch- 
wood out of the demesne woods to sell, presented in this 
regard (fo. B 8 verso). 

Undated. The measures of acres and roods of arable land 
and meadow without the covert of the forest, of the king's 
hays and demesne woods, and the measure of acres and roods 
in forests and in the king's hays and demesne woods and 
wastes, after the assize of the Forest made in the time of 
Edward I. (fo. C. 3 verso). 

[1289], April 8. Writ of Edward III. [rectius I.] to WiUiam 
Vescy, justice of the Forest beyond Trent, ordering him to 
certify the king concerning the bailiwick that Robert 
Everingham, deceased, had in Sherwood forest, which was 
taken into the king's hands by Wilham and his fellows for a 
trespass committed by the said Robert, and copy of the 
inquisition (fo. C. 4 verso). [Calendar of Inquisitions post 
Mortem, ii. p. 393; Eyre Roll No. 132, ro. 9d.] 

1298, May 28. Letters Patent of Edward [I], dated at 
York, appointing Harstulph (sic) of Cleseby and Richard 
Oyzell, to arrent the wastes of the king's soil and of the soil of 
others in forests, parks, woods and hays on this side Trent, 
and to sell wood, etc. [Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1292-1301, 
p. 352], and copy of the arrentation made by Oyzell in ex- 
ecution of the said order (fo. C. 5 verso). [Eyre Roll No. 132, 
ro. 24.] 

1272-3. Extracts from the first [Pipe] roll of Edward I. 
concerning rents of wastes, etc. (fo. C. 6 verso). [Ibid.] 

[1298]. Copies of the bills sent to the chancellor by Oyzell 
to make charters for the wastes arrent ed by him. (fo. C 7 verso). 

1 Branches, sprouts, etc. (Old French hleteron). 



245 

[1272-3]. Extracts from the great roll [of the Pipe] of 
1 Edward I. concerning rents of wastes, etc., ** in the residue 
of Not}Tigham and Derby" (fo. C. 8). 

1304, May 20. Copy of the enrolment of letters Patent 
of Edward I., dated at Stirling, May 20, anno 32, granting to 
the prior and convent of Newstead 180 acres of waste within 
Sherwood Forest, arrented by Oyzell (fo. C. 9 verso). [Calen- 
dar of Patent Rolls, 1301-1307, p. 205.] 

1304, July 7. Copy of enrolment of Letters Patent of 
Edward I., dated at Stirhng, granting to Thomas of the Haye 
38 acres of waste in Sherwood Forest, arrented to him by 
Oyzell (fo. C 10). [Ibid., p. 206,] 

1305, February 2. Copy of the enrolment of letters Patent 
of Edward I., dated at Walsingham, granting to John Colyer 
of Lyndeby 30 acres of waste in the said forest, arrented to him 
by OyzeU (fo. C. 10 verso). [Ibid., p. 310.] 

1430-1, Extracts from the Memoranda Rolls L.T.R. Mich- 
aelmas, 9 Henry VI, containing extracts from the great roll of 
the Pipe, 9 Henry VI, relating to small parcels of the forest 
aforesaid (fo. C 11). 

1253-4. Like extracts from the Pipe roll 28 [read 38] 
Henry III. [Eyre Roll No. 132, ro. 23]. 

1289-90. Like extracts from the Pipe Roll 17 Edward I. 

1446-7. Account of Geoffrey Kneton, constable of Not- 
tingham castle and clerk of the forest, 25 Henry VI., relating 
to the towns and hamlets in the forest of the king's ancient 
demesne, and of their rents, and of divers assarts, and of 
the said castle (fo. C 14). [Deering, Nottinghamia VetusetNova, 
1751, p. 172.] 

[1216-1272.] Grant by Henry III. to the abbot of Ruft'ord 
of licence to enclose their ground called "Beskall" and 40 
acres of land adjoining the abbey (fo. D 2). 

1287, January 14. Plea of the forest, before Sir Wilham 
Vescy, Thomas Furnyvall, and Richard Grippyng, at Not- 
tingham, on the morrow of St. Hilary, 15 Edward III. 
(rectius Edward I.), between the men of Clipston and 
Edynstow, and the abbot of Rufford, the men complaining 
that the abbot's forester, " Frere Wilham," had prevented 
them from pulUng and gathering " \ynge, gorste, herbe, and 
leffe " in the abbot's wood of Rufford, which they allege that 
they had been wont to do from time out of mind, but it is 
found that they did so by the grace of the abbot only 
(fo. D 2 verso). [Eyre RoU No. 127, ro. 16d; White, 
p. 225.] 



246 

[1204, May 4]. Copy of the charter of king John, granting 
to Hugh Nevyll the manor of Blakston [near OUerton, co. 
Notts] and 20 acres of assart in that manor quit of regard 
and view of foresters, and the manor of Arnehall [Arnold, co. 
Nottingham], and 90 acres of assart in the same manor quit 
of regard and view (fo. D 3). [Rot, Chartarum, 5 John, mem. 
5, p. 128.] 

1307, March 13. Customal of the tenants of the manor 
of Arnall [Arnold], presented on the Monday after St. 
Gregory the Pope, 35 Edward I. and 1 Edward II. (fo. 3 
verso), 

1334. Copy of proceedings in a plea of Quo Warranto 
against William Melton, archbishop of York, concerning 
the holding by him of pleas of trespass of vert committed in 
his woods and in his soil within the forest of Sherwood after 
the time of the disafforesting of the Cley [the Clay division 
of the Wapentake of Bassetlaw, co. Nottingham] (fo. D. 6). 
[Eyre Roll No. 132, ro. 25.] 

1334. Copy of proceedings in Qtio Warranto against the 
abbot of Welbeck, concerning the enclosing of 40 acres of wood 
in Rumwood with Carberton Storth (fo. D. 9). [Ibid. ro. 25d.] 

1334. Copy of proceedings in Quo Warranto against the 
the prior of Worksop, concerning the taking by him of two 
cartloads of ling daily in Rumwod [=::Roomwood in Wel- 
beck Park] and Outheslond [Osland Wood, parish of Pearl- 
thorpe. Both in Sherwood Forest] (fo. D. 9). [Ibid. ro. 25.] 

1303. Copy of proceedings in the eyre of the Forest, 
before WilUam Vescy and his fellows, 31 Edward I, against 
the prior of Worksop on the presentment of the regarders that 
the prior had usurped upon the king 13 acres of waste and 
wood under pretext of assarting 40 acres in the wood of Rum- 
wode (fo. D 11, 9 verso). [Ibid. ro. 25.] 

[1287.] Extract from the rolls of the eyre relating to the 
to the amoval from office by the justices of Robert Everyngham, 
chief forester of the forest of Sherwood, because the books 
of attachments of the said forest contained numerous 
erasures (fo. D 11). [Eyre Roll No. 127, ro. 5d; No. 132, ro. 
9d.] 

Undated. The oath of the foresters, and the oath of the 
woodwards (fo. D. 12). 

There are added, in a hand of the middle of the sixteenth 
century, copies of inquisitions, the assize of the forest, etc. 
The book is continued in hands of this period from fo. D. 12 
verso y with the oath of the bow-bearer ; the oath of the 
' swanymote,' the perambulations of the forest, 21 Henry 
VII., and 30 Henry VIII. [White, p. 401] ; the customs of 



247 

the manors of Horeston, Bollesover [co. Derby], Southwell 
and Warsop [co. Notts.] ; 6 April, 1564, articles for the reforma- 
tion of sundry disorders in the forests, etc., of the queen on the 
north side of the Trent to be put into execution by the justice 
of the forest there ; the customal of Mansfield ; and the custo- 
mal of Edwinstow. 204 (293). 

1339. — Outer leaves of a quire of a Year Book, Michaelmas 
Term, 13 Edward III., commencing : " accep taunt que le plee 
y avoit enter nous de la prise de mesme lez bestez, auxi com 
nous conucamus, quel prise se covent par lei esse entendu 
devaunt le temps de bref purchase," etc. The names mentioned 
are Shardelowe and Aldeburgh [justices], and Pole and Gayn- 
[ford], counsel. The next case is a Quare Impedit brought by 
Walter deElingham against John, bishop of Exeter (1327-1369), 
and Thomas de Stapelton. The counsel are Stouf[ord], Par- 
vyng, Shar[schulle], Herle, Wilbi. The other leaf com- 
mences : " et covient que le bref comprent que la matere et 
la cause (?) de la proprete fuist par force d'un tiel fraunchise 
par taunt ne cherra pas le fraunchis en triement par cestui 
bref," etc. The names mentioned are Shar[schulle], Derworth, 
Aldeb[urgh], Wodestok, Stou[ford], Parvyng, R. Thorp. The 
case is a claim of estray by an abbot (of Glastonbury, cf. 
Pyke, Year Book, IS and 14. Edward III, p. 135). It is 
followed by an action for ravishment of ward by Henry 
Fitzhugh of Ramneswath against Elizabeth [Spring] (cf. 
Pyke, p. 146, where " of Ravensworth " is supplied from 
the record), and an action for dower in a tenement in 
Butterwik. 24. 

1474-1492.— Register of the Abbey of Burton-on-Trent, 
compiled by Thomas Felde, the abbot. 

A large folio-sized volume, measuring 24 inches by 18^ 
inches, containing 55 folios, bound in a portion of a fifteenth 
century service book, with a richly illuminated initial. The 
volume is entitled : " Hie incipit liber vocatus ' Regestarius,' 
tarn de cartis et evidenciis, inquisicionibus, de juris decimarum 
et forma collacionis decimarum, taxacione prebendarum, 
juramentis vic[ecomitum ?], notis placitorum spiritualium 
et temporalium, forma acquietancti[arumj, quam de 
libertatibus et privilegiis manerii de Burtone super Tren- 
tam, brevibus et ceteris scriptis, cert[is] balivis et ofh- 
c[iariis] ejusdem deliberat[is] mon[asterio] de Burton predicta 
pertinentibus, factus per Thomam Felde, abbatem monasterii 
predicti, anno Domini millesimo CCCC''"° LXX'"° IIIJ»" et 
ejusdem abbatis IJ°." 

It contains copies of inquisitions concerning tithes, etc., 
as stated in the above title, and of the following documents. 
The copies have been made by a careless scribe, who 
occasionally omits words or writes down inadvertently words 
resembling in form those that he was copying, and falls into 
other errors. 



248 

[Fo. 5, verso.] 

1430-32. — Proceedings relating to the contested election 
of the abbot of Burton-on-Trent. 

" In Dei nomine non amen, sed in omni modo sinistro. 
Feria quarta, vicesimo [septimo^] die mensis Septembris, anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo, abbacia monas- 
terii de Burton super Trentam, Couventrensis et Lich[feldensis] 
diocesis, per liberam cessionem sive resignacionem Dompni 
Willelmi Mathew, nuper abbatis ejusdem, vacante,^ con- 
venerunt illuc Magister Thomas Chesterfeld, consistorii domini, 
Dei gracia, Couventrensis et Lich[feldensis] episcopi exami- 
nator, et Magister Johannes Bryde, notarius, commorant[es] 
in hospicio cum predicto domino episcopo, ac etiam Dominus 
Ricardus Vernon, miles, latenter procurat[or] ad novam 
eleccionem ibidem confundendam magis quam juste et 
canonice perficiendam. 

Qui quidem Magister Thomas Chesturfeld et Frater Wil- 
elmus Bromley, monachus ejusdem domus, eadem nocte adi- 
erunt predictum Dompnum Willelmum Mathew, nuper abba- 
tem, valida infirmitate decubantem, ac ilium assidue procur- 
abant, ut assensum suum preberet ad eligendum quendam 
Robertum Ownesby, monachum commorantem in hospicio 
cum predicto domino episcopo, sciencia sacre scripture valde 
edoctus,^ qui diu negando, licet respondisset, minis tamen 
et blandiciis eorum superatus, ad ultimum concessit ; unde 
postea condolens reatum suum sepius amare confitebatur, ita 
quod infra quindenam proximam sequentem vitam consum- 
mavit. 

In crastino vero, videlicet feria quinta, vicesimo octavo die 
mensis predicti, congregatis omnibus in domo capitulari hora 
consueta, cunctisque peractis, ut moris est, que in hujusmodi 
actu fieri consueverunt, processerunt ad novam eleccionem 
per modum scrutinii fiendam : ad quod fideliter peragendum 
electi erant Frater Ricardus Lythum, Frater Robertus Cleyden, 
precentor, et Frater Thomas Norton, monachi monasterii 
predicti, ac Dominus Thomas Marche et Dominus Thomas 
Sapurton, capellani, ad testimonium inde perhibendum. Qui 
quidem scrutatores et testes predicti, insimul sedentes cum 
predicto Magistro Thoma et aliis sue perversitatis consociis, 
audierunt vota quorundam ex senioribus monachis monasterii 
predicti. Inter quos Frater Johannes Yoxhale, latens dolum 
comperiens, dixit, quod injuste et contra formam eleccionis 
agebant. Propter quod predictus Magister Thomas, qui se 
gubernatorem eleccionis pretendebat, iratus continuo surrexit 
et exivit capitulo ; sed illuc denuo* reductus, iterum sedens, 

1 As the ' morrow ' is called the 28th below, the word ' septimo * is 
required here. 

2 vocante, MS. 

3 idictum, MS. 
^ decimot MS. 



249 

audivit vota aliorum certorum monachorum, et senciens eos 
nullo modo ad eligendum predictum Robertum^ iterum surr- 
exit et exivit. 

Post Nonam vero iterum venit et audivit vota paucorum 
ex residuis, et senciens ut supra, iterum surrexit et Frater 
Ricardus Lythum cum eo, transientes in ecclesiam ad 
Dominum Ricardum Vernon antedictum, et ibi penes eum 
institerunt, ut^ ipse procuraret monachos predictos ad eli- 
gendum Robertum predictum. Qui quidem Dominus Ricardus 
misit pro Fratre Roberto Cleydon, precentore, rogans^ eum, 
coram predicto Magistro Thoma, quatinus predictum Robertum 
eligeret, sicut pro eo aliquid umquam faceret : qiii respondit, 
quod pro quingentis marcis hoc facere nollet, quia inde 
Dominum et suam conscienciam graviter offenderet, et addidit, 
quod ipse inique agebat taliter aliquem procurando. 

Post quem misit pro Fratre Gylberto Moston, promittens 
sibi et amicis suis dominium* et com[m]odum magnum [si] 
sibi consentiret, et contrarium si negaret : qui respondit, quod 
quando tempus adveniret talem sibi eligeret ^ qualis Deo 
complaceret. Unde pater ejus territus venit ad ilium, dicens 
quod nisi predicto Domino consentiret, ipse in patria diutius 
morari non posset. Qui respondit consulens quod alibi ^ tunc 
sibi provideret, quoniam pro nullo vivente Dominum et suam 
conscienciam offendere nollet. Inde misit pro Fratre Bernardo 
et Fratre Willelmo Stapunhull', promittens eis ut supra. 
At illi indignacionem ejus metuentes juncti[m] concenserunt ; 
qui inde mox valde merentes contestati sunt, dicentes quod 
illo die contra consciencias suas facerent. Similiter et Frater 
Ricardus Lythum, prior, spiritu erroris deceptus, predictum 
Fratrem Gylbertum et Fratrem Walterum et quam plures alios 
procurabat, rogans eos quatinus predictum Robertum eligeret^ : 
cui onines contradixerunt^, dicentes ilium esse excommuni- 
catum taliter eos procurando. Deinde predictus Frater Ricar- 
dus et Magister Thomas Chesturfelde miserunt pro Fratre 
Nicholao Warde, in quem major et sanior pars consensit®, 
procurantes ut ipse juri suo^ renunciaret, dicentes quod epis- 
copus mallet perdere mille marcas cicius quam predictus 
Robertus non fieret abbas, eo quod cunctis generosis narrasset 
sic esse fiendum. Quibus predictus Nicholaus respondit, quod 
licet predictus dominus episcopus pro eo mille marcas vellet 
expendere, illud de jure non posset optinere. Et sic advespera- 
scente jam die ab invicem discesserunt. 

1 The verb is omitted. 

2 et, MS. 

3 ragans, MS. 

* dominum, MS. 

^ elligeret, MS. 

6 cUubi, MS. 

'^ contradicerunt, MS. 

8 concensit, MS. 

^ jus 8uum, MS. 



250 

In crastino vero, videlicet feria sexta, vicesimo nono die 
mensis predicti, iterum venerunt ad capitulum ad audiendum 

[Fo. 6.] 
vota ceterorum ex monachis antedictis ; qui, videntes eos 
non consentire ad eligendum, faciebat excepciones contra 
quosdam illonim, ponentes verba sua inordinate, et sic se 
fingentes justam habere eleccionem ad contendendum et 
inplacitandum minabantur. Similiter et Dominus Ricardus 
Vernon per illos procuratus predictum Fratrem Nicholaum 
minabatur, dicens, quod si illud suscepisset\ nihil inde gauderet 
ipso vivente-. Quapropter predictus Frater Nicholaus misit 
pro predicto Magistro Thoma, petens ab eo, ut eleccio^ cassaretur 
ex utraque parte et transirent ad novam electionem. Cui 
ille respondit, promittens super librum corporaliter jurando 
coram Fratre Roberto Cleyden et Fratre Thoma Norton, quod, 
si ipse juri suo^ renunciasset, idem Magister Thomas predicto 
domino episcopo tocius rei veritatem certificaret ; quo cog- 
noscente certus erat, quod transiret ad novam eleccionem. 
Et sic sub ista condicione predictus Frater Nicholaus solo 
rudis Anglicis verbis renunciavit, et non in scriptis nee in 
forma juris positis (sic). Quibus compertis, Frater Johannes 
Yoxhale, Frater Robertus Brouhton, Frater Johannes Walton, 
Frater Willelmus Bronston, Frater Radulphus Heynley, 
Frater Wal terns Qwelar, Frater jGrylbertus Most on, Frater 
Johannes Combar, Frater Johannes Worcetur, et Frater 
Henricus Mylner, confestim exeuntes, arripuerunt* viam versus 
Lich[feld] ad conquerendum domino episcopo de injuria per 
clericos suos^ ipsis illata. Post quorum egressum, Frater 
Ricardus, prior, et ceteri supradicti cameram abbatis irrump- 
entes® clavem abbatis de sigillo communi inde asportaverunt ; 
cum quo sigillo sine consensu"' conventus diversas cartas sigil- 
laverunt, de quibus una erat nuda et inscripta. 

In crastino vero, videlicet tricesimo die mensis predicti, 
convenientibus omnibus coram predicto domino episcopo apud 
Lich[feld], pecierunt monachi predicti et Frater Robertus 
Cleyden, precentor, cum eis novam eleccionem, sicut superius 
promissum erat, asserentes ex parte predicti Roberti, secun- 
dum rei veritatem, nullam^ esse eleccionem nee de jure debere 
fore. Sed predictus dominus episcopus, consilio predicti 
Magistri Thome sermonibus blandis illos demulcens, remisit 
vacuos, dicens se eis op time facturum, si desideriis ejus vellent 
adquiescere. Et sic illi, non habentes ibidem consilium neque 
expensas ad rectum suum prosequendum, merentes siluerunt, 
expectantes donee visitaret oriens ex alto." 

1 aiiscipiaset, MS. 

"^ elleccio, MS. 

3 jti8 suum, MS. 

* accipu^runt, MS. 

5 /?MOfl et, MS. 

^ irrumptis, MS. 

^ concenau, MS. 

® nidlimit MS. 



251 

1432, March 29. — Notarial instrument executed "in 
quadam alta camera infra monasterium de Burton-super- 
Trent, Conventren[si] et Lich[efeldensi] dioc[esi], situata 
vulgariter nuncupata ' Coventz Hostry,' " by William Wetherby 
called " Derby," notary of that diocese, testifying that Brothers 
Robert Cleyden, John Yoxehale, Robert Broughton, Nicholas 
Warde, Thomas Norton, John Walton, William Bronston, 
Ralph Heynley, Gilbert Moston, John Wurcetur, John Burton, 
Walter Qwelar, John Combar, and Henry Mylner, monks of 
the abbey of Burton, appeared in person and acknowledged 
iprofessi) an appeal (provocacionem) and petition to the pope 
written on paper (in quadam papiri cedula), which the said 
Nicholas made, read and testified (interposuit ac protestatus 
fuit) in the name and by order of the said brethren for the 
protection of the monastery and its goods, etc. 

[Fo. 7.] 

1432, November 10. — Notarial instrument executed in St. 
Mary's chapel in the aforesaid monastery by William Dernton, 
notary, of the diocese of Durham, witnessing that the afore- 
said monks and Bernard Tutbury, another monk of the same 
abbey, have appointed William Fynders and Henry Daukyns, 
" in decretis bacalarios" [sic), their proctors to prosecute their 
appeal against the election of Brother Robert Ownesby as 
abbot. 

[Fo. 7 verso.] 

1432, November 15. — Appeal to the Court of Canterbury 
by the said Henry Daukyns against the delay of the bishop 
in cancelling the alleged election, by notarial instrument 
executed by the said Wilham Dernton in St. Mary's church. 
Nottingham. 

[Fo. 8.] 

1432 [-3], January 24. — Resignation of the abbacy by 
Robert Ownesby. 

1432 [-3], January 28. — Acceptance of this resignation by 
the bishop. 

[Fo. 9.] 

1432 [-3],January 30. — Petition to the king for licence to 
elect a successor. 

1433, January 29. — The king's licence to elect. 

1432 [-3], February 8. — Letter from the convent to the king, 
announcing the election of Brother Ralph Henley as abbot. 

[Fo. 9 verso.] 

1433, February 12. — Notice from the king to the bishop of 
his acceptance of the election. 



252 

1432 [-3], February 12. — Order from the bishop to his official, 
Thomas, prior of Stone, and the archdeacon of Stafford to 
institute the abbot elect, if they be satisfied as to his character 
and the legitimacy of his election. 

[Fo. 10.] 
1432 [-3], February 23. — Order from the official to the 
chaplain of the parish church of Burton-upon-Trent to cite all 
persons interested in the election to appear before the official. 

1432 [-3J, March 2. — Letter from Thomas Marche, chaplain 
of the said parish church, to the official, signifying his execution 
of preceding mandate. 

[Fo. 10 verso.] 

1432 [-3], February 8. — Letter of Brother Richard Lythum, 
prior of Burton, and the convent of the same, appointing 
Brothers Robert Cleyden and Nicholas Warde, of the said 
monastery, their proctors to present the abbot elect to the 
bishop, etc. 

1432 [-3], February 7, 8. — Notification from the prior and 
convent to the bishop of the election of the said Brother Ralph 
Henley by Richard Lythom, the prior, and Brothers William 
Bromley, Robert Cleyden, Bernard Tutbyry, John Yoxhale, 
Robert Brouhton, John Wyncturmaster, Nicholas Warde, 
Thomas Nortone, John Walton, John Burton, William 
Bronston, Ralph Henley, William Stapunhull, Walter Qweler, 
Gilbert Moston, John Combar, John Wurcetur, and Henry 
Hum ; the election was made in the chapter house of the 
monastery " propositoque verbo Dei Sancti Spiritus, graciam 
per decantacionem ympni Anglici ' Veni, Creator Spiritus,' 



[Fo. 11 verso.] 
1432 [-3], March 5. — Letter from the official and Thomas 
Helygeve, prior of Stone, to the bishop, notifying that they 
have admitted the said Ralph Henley as abbot of Burton. 

[Fo. 12.] 
1432 [-3], March 8. — Letter from the bishop to the king, 
notifying his confirmation of the said election, etc. 

1433, March 10. — Letters patent of the king to the tenants 
of the abbey, notifying that he has received the fealty of the 
said abbot by the prior of Repindon and that he has restored 
the temporalities to the abbot. 

[Fo. 12 verso.] 
1433, March 10. — Commission from the king to the prior of 
Repindon to receive the fealty of the abbot. 



268 

Here follow the forms of the oath : 

" Jeo serra foial et loial, et foie et loalte portera a nostre 
Seigneur le Roy Henry, et a sez heirs, Roys d'Englaterre, de 
vie et de membre et de terien honour, a vivre et murrir countre 
toutez gens, et diligeament serra entendant as busoignes nostre 
Seigneur le Roy, solonque mon scien et poair, et le conseile 
nostre Seigneur le Roy celera, et loialment conusera et fra les 
services duez des temporaltees de ma abbacie de Burton-sur- 
Trent, les queux jeo cleyme tenir de nostre dit seigneur le roy 
et les queux il me rent, et a luy et a sez^ maundementz que a 
moy atteint pur mez temporaltees serra obeisant, si Dieu m'aide 
et sez santtz. 

" I schal be trewe and faithfulP and faith and trowth I 
schal here to our' Lorde Kyng Edwarde (sic) and to his heires, 
Kynges of Ynglond, of life and lymme and of erthele worschipe, 
and to lif and to dye agains all' peple, and diligently I schal 
be endentent (sic) to the nedes of our' Lorde Kyng aftyr my 
connyng and my power, and the consaill of our' Lorde 
[Kyng] I schair kepe prevey, and truly I schall knowlage and 
do the servyce duez of the temperaltees of myn abbey of 
Burton sur Trent, the whylke I clay me to hold of our said 
Lorde Kyng and the qwylke he yeldith to me, and to hym and 
to his maunndementz in as much as longes to me for my saide 
temperaltees I schal be obedient. So God me help and his 
Seints." 

" Ego prefatus prior Domino regi respondeo, quod die 
Dominica in tercia septim[ana] Quadragesime ultimo elapsa, 
in prioratu Sancte Trinitatis de Repyndon predicto,in Comitatu 
Derbey, cepi fidelitatem Radulphi Henley, abbatis monasterii 
de Burton super Trent infra nominati, pro temporalibus abbacie 
predicte Domino Regi debitis, secundum formam cujusdam 
cedule in isto brevi intercluse^, prout breve in se exigit et 
requirit. Et ulterius ego prefatus prior Domino regi certifico, 
quod omnes litteras patentes ac brevia Domini regis pro 
temporalibus predictis michi per latorem presencium liberata 
prefato"^ abbati liberari feci, secundum tenorem istius brevis." 

The next fifteen fohos contain copies of deeds, commissions, 
etc. 

[Fo. 28 verso.] 

" Taxacio bonorum temporalium infra arch[idiaconatum] 
Staff [ordie], secundum regestrum in scaccario Domini Regis 
residens." This extends to foUo 34. 

[Fo. 35 verso.] 

[1004*]. — Translation of the will of Wulfric Spott, founder 
of the abbey of Burton-upon-Trent, composed in Anglo-Saxon. 

1 fez, MS. 

2 intercluso, MS. 
^ prefati, MS. 

1 Cf. Cod. Dlpl. iii. p. 333 : Annates de Burton, in Annales Monastici, 
i, p. 183. 



264 

A facsimile of the quasi-original, which is written in a very late 
eleventh century hand, is given in the Ordnance Survey Fac- 
similes of Anglo-Saxon Charters, vol. iii. Marquis of Anglesea's 
collection, plate ii. It is printed from the Burton chartulary 
(see Register of Burton Abbey, William Salt Society, vol. v., part 1, 
p. 6), in Dugdale's Monasticon, iii, p. 37, Kemble, Codex Diplo- 
maticus JEvi Saxonici, vi, p. 147, Thorpe, Diplomatarium 
Anglicanum, p. 543, and Earle, Land Charters, p. 218. An 
annotated translation by W. H. Duignan and W. F. Carter 
was published in the " Midland Antiquary," iv, p. 99 sqq. 

It is clear from the errors arising from ignorance of Anglo- 
Saxon flexional forms that the version was made without the 
assistance of any Latin version of intermediate date. It 
preserves traces of superior readings to the quasi-original and 
the chartulary in othire Dumeltan,]^. 254, Athelwaldeston,^. 255, 
Longforde, p. 256, and Wulfgat, p. 255. 

" Here begynnyth the testament of Wulfrike Pott, founder 
of the Monastery of Burton, which' dyed in the tyme of 
Kyng Etheldred (sic). 

" In Nomine Domini. Here shewith Wulfrike his wel- 
belovede Lorde his testament and all' his fredome^ that is 
furst, I graunt my Lorde Kyng cc. marke^ of golde, and 
ij. swerdes with sylvyr hyltes, and iiij. horses and ij. new 
sadels^ and the harnes* that therto belongis. 

And I graunt to Alkwyn^ Bysshope v. handfuU® of golde, 
and to the too archebysshopes eythyr of them x. handfull 
of golde. 

And I graunt to Alkwyn^ religiouse"' monke a pound of 
golde ^ ; and to every abbot and abbes v. handfull® of golde. 

And I gyve to Alfrik Archebysshoppe the landes^ at 
Dumelton^*^ with the othire Dumeltan for my soule, with that 
that he be frende and better helper to the place that I have 
foundede. 

And I graunt to Elfelme and Wulfage tho landes'^ betwene 
Rybell and Marse,^^and that they depart hem betwene them 
as evyn as they may.^^ 

1 Bead ' friends ' {freondon, dat. plur). 

2 Read ' mancusses. ' 

3 Should be ' four horses, two saddled and two unsaddled. * 

4 Read ' weapons.' 

5 Read ' each ' {cdcum). 

6 Read ' mancusses. ' 

7 Read ' rule ' (munuc-regole), i.e., order of monks. 
^ The words ' of golde ' are an addition. 

* Misunderstanding of the genitive singular landea, the case required by 
the verb geunnan ' to grant.' 

10 Dumbleton, co. Gloucester. Cf. Chronicon Monaster ii de Abingdon, 
i, pp. 411, 413. The ' othire ' Dumeltan is not mentioned in the other texts. 

1 1 The rivers Ribble and Mersey. The original adds and on Wirhalum 
* and in Wirral,' the peninsula of Wirrall, co. Chester. 

12 The version omits ' unless either of them will have his own, on this 
condition that when it is the season of shad, each of them shall deliver three 
thousands of shad to the place [i.e., monastery] at Burton.' 



256 



And I graunt to Alfelme Rolston^ and Horlaston*. 

And I gyve Wulfage the landes* at Borleston* and at 
Marchenton.^ 

And I gyve Alfelme the landes^ at Consburghe*, with that 
that' he gyve the monkes the thyrde parte of the fysshes, and 
he to have the too partes. 

And I graunt to Wulfage the landes^ at Athelwaldeston.^ 

And I gyve to Wulfgat^ the landes^ at Norton on that entent 
that he be frende and better helper unto the place at Burton. 

And I gyve to my furst^^ dough ter the landes^ at Ellford^^ 
and the landes ^ at Aclee, ^^ with all that longyth therto the whill' 
that she lyvyth and aftyre here day go they into the place 
at Burton, and she in no wyse hurte the landes but kepe and 
mayntein them all' the whyll' she may,^^for it was my god- 
fader's gyfte. And I wyll' that Alfelme^* have the landes at 
Shyrmunde^^ and at Tom worth, withoute any maner of serv- 
age, he to be chefe lorde. ^^ 

And I graunt Wulgare my knyght the landes^ at Baltrys^' 
evyn as his fader hit helde. ^^ And I bequeith' to Morkar the 
lande at Walshair,^^ and that at Thegenthorp,^^ and that at 
Whytwyke,2i and at Clune^^ and at Barleburghe^^ and at 
Dukmanston^* and at Moresburghe^^ and at Egyngton^^ and 
at Becton^' and Doncestere^^ and at Morlegton.'^^ 

1 RoUeston, co. Stafford. 

2 Harlaston, parish of Clifton Campville, co. Stafford. 

3 Misunderstanding ot the genitive singular landes, the case required by 
the verb geunnan ' to grant. ' 

4 Barlaston, co. Stafford. 

^ Marchington, parish of Hanbury, co. Stafford. 
® Conisborough, co. York, 

7 ' With that that ' is a too literal rendering of wiS ^on (5e, ' on con- 
dition that. ' 

8 Alewaldeatune, orig. Elvaston, co. Derby, or Alvaston, parish of St. 
Michael, Derby, two adjoining villages which occur in Domesday i. 276b, col. 
2, as ^Ivvoldestune and Aleuuoldestune. 

^ Ufegeat in the original, 

10 ' Furst ' is a mistranslation of ' poor ' {earman). 

11 Elford, CO. Stafford. 

12 Oakley, near Elford, in co. Stafford, but in the parish of Croxall, co. 
Derby. 

1 3 Add ' she may deserve it, and let it revert afterwards to the place at 
Burton. ' 

1 * Read ' that Alfhelm shall be the protector of her and of the land. ' 
15 A blunder for ' be her protection ' {sy hire mund). 

1* Read ' without any of the services and without any of the born men, 

except that she shall have the chief power (ealdordom).^ 

17 Baltry!Seleage, orig. Balterley, parish of Barthomley, co. Stafford. 

18 Read ' acquired ' {beg<'at). 

19 Waleaho, dat. sing., orig, Walsall, co. Stafford ? 

20 ]^eogende\>orpe, orig. Unknown. 

21 HwitewyUe, orig, Whitwell, co, Derby, 

2 2 Clown, CO, Derby, 

2 3 Barlborough, co, Derby. 

2 4 Duckmanton (Sutton-cum-), co. Derby. 

2 5 Mosborough, parish of Eckington, co. Derby. 

2 6 Eckington, co, Derby. 

2 7 Beighton, co, Derby. 

2 8 Doncaster, co. York. 

29 Morlingtun, orig. Unknown. 



256 

And I graunt his wife Aldestre^ evyn as hit standis with 
grounded and man. 

And I graunt Alfelm my cosyn the lande at Palterton.^ 

And I graunt Athelryke the lande at Wibtofte* and at 
Tonge^ all' his day, and aftur his lyffe go that lande 
for my sowle and for his moder's and for his^ into Burton. 

And thes be the landes that I gyve into Burton, that is 
furst Burton ther as the monastery standes, and Stretton',' and 
Bromley,® and Bedyngton,^ and Gageley,i<^ and Wyteston,^^ 
and Longforde,i2 ^^d Styrley,^^ and Newton and Therwyke,^* 
and Waddon,!^ and the lytylF land that I called er^^ Newton, 
and Wynshull',1' and Sutton, i® and Tykenhair,!^ and at Shen- 
ton, 20 and at Wygeston', ^i and that at Halen, 22 and Remmesle, 23 
and at Stypley,24 and at Sutton, 2^ and at Atton26 and aftur 
too mennys day byforesayde,2' Thorlaston2« and all' that 
longith' therto, that is Rudgare29 and my lytuU' land at Cote- 
walton,3o and a bede^^ with all' that longeth therto, and .a 
cofere^2-^it/h the stuff therin.^^ And the landes at Hum and 



1 Aldulfestreo orig. Aiistrey, co. Warwick. 

2 mid mete orig., ' with meat ' {i.e., food, live stock). 

3 Palterton, jjarish of Bolsover, co. Derby. Add ' and the [land] 
tliat Scegth bequeathed to me. ' 

"* Wibtoft, parisli of Claybrooke, co. Warwick. 

» ^t Twongan, orig. Tonge, co. Salop (Tuange in Domesday, i. 253b, 
col. 2). 

'^ minre ' mine,' orig, 

7 Stretton, parish of Burton-on-Trent, co, Stafford. 

8 Abbots Bromley co. Stafford. 

9 Beddington, now Pillatonhall, parish of Penkridge, co. Stafford. 

10 Gailey, parish of Penkridge, co. Stafford. 

11 Whiston, parish of Penkridge, co. Stafford. 

12 Laganford, orig., which has Langanford in the Latin text. Cf. Cod. 
DipL, Hi, p. 31^3. Longford, co. Stafford. 

13 Styrcleage, orig. Stirchley, co. Salop. 

1 4 Misunderstanding of cBt Scere wic ' at the wich, .' which here prob- 
ably means a salt-spring (cf. Cart. Sax. iii, p. 653). Newton by-Middlewich, 
CO. Chester ? 

1^ Wcededun, orig. Unknown. 

1 6 Read ' that I own in another Newton. ' 

17 Winshill, parish of Burton-on-Trent. 

18 Sutton-on-the-Hill, co. Derby. Cf, Domesday, 1., 273 col. 2. 
i» Ticknall, co. Derby. 

20 Shangton, co. Leicester, (Nichols, Leicestershire, ii., p. 790). 

2 1 Little Wigston, parish of Claybrooke, co. Leicester. 

2 2 Kirk Hallam or West Hallam, co. Derby, called Halen in Domesday, 
i, p, 277b. col. 2 (=A,S. cet Healum). 

2 3 The Rameslege, co. Warwick, of Domesday, i, p. 239, col. 2, now 
Romsley, parish of Alveley, Salop. 

2 4 Sciplea, orig. Probably Shipley, parish of Claverley, co. Salop. 

2 5 Sutton (Scarsdale), parish of Sutton-cum-Duckmanton, co. Derby. 

2 6 Actune, orig. Perhaps one of the Staffordshire Actons. 

2 7 The original grants Acton for ' two men's day [i.e., lives], as the 
agreement (foreword) specifies. ' 

2« Deorlafestun, orig. Darlaston, near Stone, co. Stafford. 
29 Rudegeard, orig. Rudyard, parish of Leek, co, Stafford. 

3 Cotwalton, in Moddershall, parish of Stone, co. Stafford. 

31 Lege, orig. Leigh, co. Stafford. 

32 Read ' Acofere ' (Acofre). Okeover, co. Stafford. 

33 Read ' with those that thereto pertain.' 



257 

Chelfdon,^ and Catesthurn,^ and pe hyrede^ lande at Sutton 
and Morley* and Bradeshall',^ Morton^ with all' fredom' that 
longith therto, and the lande at Fyllege,^ and Oggeston,^ and 
Wynfelde,^^ and Snowdeswyke ^ ^ into Morton, ^^ ^^d that at 
Tathwyir,i3 and that land at Appulby^* the which' I boght 
with my money, and at Weston ^^ and Burton, and the hyde 
lande at Shernforde^^ into Wygeston,^"^ and at Harlburghe- 
bryge,^*^ and Aldesworth,^^ and all' Fredyngton,-^ and Eccles- 
hair,2i and Waddon,22 ^nd an hyde at Stone. ^3 

And I graunt to the Covent at Tomworth' the lande at 
Langton^* aftur the cownant byfore made,^^ that they have 
halfe and halfe the monkes of Burton, with gode^'' and catell' 
and man for evyr,^^ with all' thyng longyng f)erto. 

And the Bysshopp fong to his land at Bobandon,^^ and 
aftur to the monkes at Burton and with that land is gyvyn 
man and all' thyng longyng therto. ^^ 

And I will that the Kyng be lorde and foundere^^of the 
monastery s that I have foundede and they to have^i the 
landys that I have bequeythyd to hem for to loove^^ Gode 
and for my Lorde Kynges soule and myn ; and Alfrike Arch- 
bysshop and Alfelm, my brother, that the be frendes and 
defensours of the monastery at Burton ayenst all manere of 



1 Read ' that is Hilum and Celfdun. ' Ham and Cauldon, co. Stafford. 

2 Casterne, parish of Hani. 

3 Read ' heriotland. ' 
* Morley, co. Derby. 

^ Breadsall, co. Derby. 

6 Morton, co. Derby. 

7 Read ' soke. ' 

8 PiUesleage, orig. ( IF^Y/esZeag^e in the printed texts. ) Pilsley, in North 
Winfield, co. Derby. 

9 Oggodestun, orig. Ogston (Hall), in Brackenfield, parish of Morton, 
CO. Derby. 

10 Winfield (North ?), co. Derby. 

11 Snodeswic, orig. The Esnotrewic of DB. i. 276, col. 2, in Scarsdale 
Hundred, co. Derby ? 

12 Morton, co, Derby. 

13 Tathwell, co. Lincoln. 

1 * Great Appleby, cos. Leicester and Derby. 
1^ Weston-on-Trent, co. Derby. 

16 Sharnford, co. Leicester. 

17 Little Wigston, co. Leicester. 

18 Herehurgehyrig, orig. Harbury, co. Warwick. 
18 Awsworth, CO. Notts. 

20 ^Ifredingtune, orig. Alfreton, co. Derby. 

21 Ecclesliall, co. Stafford. 

22 Long Whatton, co. Leicester (Nichols. Leices^ers/iire, iii, p. 1103). 

23 Sceon, orig. Sheen, co. Stafford. 

2 4 Langandun, orig. Longdon, co. Stafford. 

2 5 Literally ' in the same manner as they let it to me previously.' 

2 6 Apparently a misunderstanding of ge on (' as well in'). 

2 7 The words ' for ever ' are an addition to the original. 

2 8 Bubandune, orig. Bupton, parish of Longford, co. Derby. 

2 9 Read 'and the monks at Burton shall receive what is on the land, 
both in food [=cattle ?] and in men, and in all things, and the land to the 
bishop at the plough (?).' 

30 The words ' and foundere ' are an addition. ' Monasterya' is a mis- 
understanding of the gen. sing, rnynatres. 

3 1 Read ' and [lordl of the estates in land that I have bequeathed. ' 
82 Read ' glory ' {lofe). 

M17 



258 

men, non othyr to dwell' therin of religious but Saynt Benettes 
order. ^ 

And I gyve my goddoghters Morcarse and Elgith^ the land 
at Stretton^ and the bole-* that was ther^ aldermoder's. 

And I graunt into the monastery of Burton a hundyrth 
wilde horse and syxten teme rothyrn,^ and therto all' that I 
have alyve, except that the which I have before queythyde. 
And Gode Almyghty kepe hit from all' Cristen mennes domi- 
nacion but only my Lorde Kynges" ; and I hope that he wylF 
be goode and lovyng and in no wyse hyndyr hit, nothyr suffur 
non othyr to do. Valete in Christo I 

[Foil. 36, 37.] 
" Chapiturs of Exchey tours," in English. 

[Fo. 38 verso.] 
1490, August 31. — " Hunston Grange.^ The examinacion 
of diverse meires [= boundaries] at Hunston. 

Firste Mottelow.^ John' Alsope saith that it streches downe 
to the lower hegh way and gothe up agayne to the close of 
Hunston' called ' the Burro wes,' and it lieth also opon the 
northside to the Flattes. 

Also the saide John' Alsope saith that Stanlow^" lieth from 
the slade next Mottelow opon' the southside unto the Lord- 
shippe of Tyssyngton^^ called " Sharpelow,"^^ folowyng the 
hegh way that commeth from Ascheburne^^ to Bukstones^* 
called " Alsope ^^ Way " ; the which Stanlow parte of it is 
sawen with corne, etc. 

Also the said John' Alsope saith that Ravynswall' lieth in 
the saide hegh way that Stanlow buttes opon at Newton^** 
Croftehede, etc. 

Also the said John'' saith that the lyme pyttes lieth next 
Stanlow betwene the said Stanlow and a parcell of grounde 
called ' Warderose,' etc. 

Also the said John Alsope saith that the Warderose lieth 
betwene the lyme pyttes and Depedalehede and betwene 
Tyssyngton' More and Mottelow abuf saide, etc. 

Also the saide John saith that Granlowe lieth betwene 

1 Literally to be ' to them the property of none but the order of St. 
Benedict.' 

2 Read ' goddaughter, [the daughter] of Morcar and Elgith * 
EaldgytS). 

3 Stretton, parish of North Wingfield, co. Derby. 
* ' Ornament ' {bule = Latin bulla). 

5 Read ' her.' 

6 Read ' stallions ' (hencgestas). 

7 Literally ' And may Almighty God deprive him who shall contravene 
this of all God 's bliss and of the intercourse of all Christians, unless he be my 
own sovereign lord.' 

8 Hanston Grange, parish of Thorpe, co. Derby. 

9 Moatlow, in Newton Grange, parish of Thorpe. 

10 Standlow, in Newton Grange. 

11 Tissington, co. Derby. 

12 Sharplow, parish of Tissington. 

13 Ashbourne, co. Derby. 
1* Buxton, CO. Derby. 

1^ Alsop-en-le-Dale, co. Derby. 

16 Newton Grange, parish of Thorpe 



259 

Warderose on one partie and a close called ' Burrowes ' opon 
ane othir partie, and the Waterstone Crosseway opon the 
thirde partie, etc. 

Item William Smyth saith in maner and fourme as John* 
Alsope saith towchyng all the saide meires, and forthermore 
he saith that he knew in his yonge age, he kepyng shepe at 
Himstone, that the abbot of Burton' hade the occupacion of 
the groundez a buf saide called ' Warderose ' and ' Granelowe ' 
at such tyme as Thomas Basforth was fermour of Newton 
Grange, and so continued xiiij. yere kepyng shepe ther' in 
peaseabuir possession the same William Smyth, etc. 

Item William Honte saith that he knew the said William 
Smyth kepyng shepe opon the saide groundez caUed ' War- 
derose ' and ' Granlowe,' like as the saide William Smyth 
hath saide before, etc. 

This examinacion was hade at Hunstone opon the said 
groan de called ' Warderose ' befor' William Basset, squier, 
Sir Raufe Cantrell, Deane of Alton and Leeke, Thomas Oker', 
Rauffe Walker, Thomas Welles, and mony oyer the Tewisday 
next after the fest of Saynt Bartilmew the Appostull, the 
yer' of the reigne of King Henry the VIJ'^' the sext. And in 
wittenes wherof thay have putte to this presens yaire signe 
manuelles, etc." 

[Fo. 39.] 

' The promisse of matrimony,' an English translation of 
the letter of Louis XL of France, dated 29 August, 1475, for 
the marriage of his son Charles to Elizabeth, daughter of Edward 
IV. of England (the " Appunctuamenta de Amicitia " printed 
in Rymer, Foedera, xii. p. 19). 

" The lettre of annuell porte " of Louis XL of the same 
date (a translation of " litterse annul census " printed in Rymer, 
xii. p. 20) for the annual, payment to Edward IV. of 50,000 
" scutes of golde, every scute beyng of the valoure of 
xxxiiij^^ grete blankes." 

[Fo. 39 verso.'] 
" The obligation of nisi,'^ a translation of a public instru- 
ment, dated 30 August, 1475, whereby King Louis submitted 
himself to the spiritual court of Amiens (' Amyas ') for securing 
payment of the preceding annuity to the King of England. 

[Fo. 40 sqq.] 
[c. 1480.] — Copy of petition from Williara Dethyk, of New- 
hall, CO. Derby, to the king, complaining of an assault by 
the servants of the abbot of Burton upon one Peres Glasier, 
his servant, on Thursday before the feast of St. George last 
past " in the xx^' yer' of youre reigne ; " that the abbot's 
servants lay in ambush to murder the petitioner ; and that 
the abbot forbade the tenants and servants of the petitioner 
to come to the common market of Burton, " for if thay so 
dyde, thay shulde be nevir' able to helpe yaim selfe, to yaire 
grete hurtes." 

[1492.] — Letter from the king's agent in the papal court ^ 



260 

giving an account of his proceedings there, of affairs on the 
continent, and news of the capture of the city of Granada 
by Ferdinand and Isabella. {See Appendix.) 

" The copy of the kynges letters of grete tythynges. 

My moste redowted Sover[a]igne Lorde, please it you to 
understande, that ther ar' no grete novelteys to write unto 
youre Grace, save onely in this cuntray of Ytayle is goode 
pease, and that betwene the pope's holynes and the kyng of 
Naples is concludet a fyniall' pease under this forme, that all' 
maner' of offensis done in tyme passed shalbe forgeven, except 
for yaim that ar' banysshed owte of the realme of Naples. 
And the pope at this tyme has hade of the said king 1, thousand 
ducates ; and also he is bounden to defende the pope in all 
his nedes with a certen noumbre of men, and also to fynde ij. 
galeys at his charge to kepe the see so that vetaile may surely 
come to the Courte of Rome, and after' the decesse of the 
saide kyng his son, beyng the duke of Calabre, shall succede 
hym in the same realme and be infeffed therof by the pope, 
and if the said duke dy afor the decesse of his fader', then 
the saide duke son shall' succeede hym, and so heire after 
heire. 

Also the duke of Milliane hath renewed his alliaunnce with 
the Frensh kyng, and hath made grete triumphe therof, bot, 
as I understande, it is in dowte wheyer the Veneciance^ will 
enter in the same alliaunce or not ; neverthelesse sum thynke 
ye and sum nay, bot hereafter I shall' have more certente therof, 
etc. Et revelabo vestre gracie. 

And for the Frensh ambassatour, ther' is no grete noyse of 
any th3mg that yai doo, nor yai be not gretely besy bot abowte 
ther' owne particuler' matters. I understand many dayes 
passed that ther shulde come anoder ambassatour fro the 
Frensh kyng that shulde knaw all his mynde, bot as yett 
non venit. And as for the new mariage betwene the saide Frensh 
king and the duches of Bretayne, thay ax no dispensacion, bot 
yai say the mariage betwene the kyng of Romans and the 
said duches was not lawfuil' because yai ar' the iij'^*^ or iiij^^' 
degre in consanguinite, as yai say. And also yai say that the 
said contract was made opon certen condicions that were not 
performed by the said king of Romans, and yai ofte tymes 
make grete host, as yai have ever to be {sic) accustomed to doo, 
bot yai ar' aunswered to the purposse, etc. Also hit hath 
ben saide her', bot ther' is no certente therof, that the duke 
Philip of Burgone shulde wedde the duke's George of Barbere^ 
doughter, which is a myghty prince in Almayne and ever hath 
bene a grete enmy to the House of Ostricc',^ etc. ; and if this 
be true, hit shalbe a grete cause to sett Almayne at a finiall 
rest and pease, bot by the which shall' growe grete favoure to 
the kyng of Romans. And syn' it hath ben saide that the 
kyng of Romans shulde have this mariage, bot yett ther' is 

1 Reneciance, MS. 

2 The daughter of George of Bavaria, duke of Landshut, married Philip, 
Elector Palatine. {See Appendix.) 

3 Austria. 



261 

no certente therof. Also I have spoken with diverse ambas- 
satours of Almayn that ben here and thay say that ther hath 
been such cominicacion in Almayn. 

Also in meane tyme of this writing I receyved lettres from 
youre Grace direct to the pope's holynes concernyng the manere 
of your hyghnes and the promocion of the chirches of Baythe 
and Chester, and also for the chesyng of youre proctur', the 
which youre hyghnes has remytted unto me for to chese 
one of the iij. the which be named by your Grace, of which I 
have chosen my Lorde Cardinall' of Seen',^ which, at instaunnce 
of youre said Grace, has accept the same. As for the oyer ij., 
viz., my Lorde Cardinall of Say nt Peter ad Vincula andAskaneus, 
as the worlde goeth now me thynketh yai ar' not convenient, 
for my Lorde of Saynt Peter ad Vincula has diverse gret bene- 
fices in Fraunnce and the Legate of Avynyon, be reason 
wherof it is to be thought that he shulde have yaim in favoure. 
Also my Lorde of Askeneus (sic) he is the duke of Millian's uncle 
and the Lorde Lodewyke's broyer, which governeth holy the 
said duke, and, as it is before wrettyn, the alliaunnce betwene 
the Frensh kyng and the duke of Mllliane is renewed with 
grete triumph and festes. Wherfor' me semeth noder of thes 
twoo so indifferent to do youre Grace service as my Lord of 
Seen'i is. And as for the lettres concernyng youre Grace yai 
ar' delivered to the pope, and hit is concludet that the next 
consistorye thay shalbe redde befor' the holy collage of car- 
dinalles ; and the pope is well' content with youre Grace, and 
knawes well' ye be compelled to take this interprice agaynes the 
Frensh kyng and have folowed well' all' meanes possible to 
have peace, your right saved, etc. And as for the Frensh 
men the pope is not well' content with yaim, for he thynketh 
yai ar' to proude and wolde rewle all the worlde. And as for 
the mariage of the duches of Bretayne, he sayes playnely it 
is [an] abhominable dede, for the which he shall have no dis- 
pensacion of hym, bot wilbe redy to shew the lawe and 
justiciam to eyther par tie, if yai will sewe therfor. And as 
for the church of Bayth, it shalbe proposed in the next con- 
sistorye, after shall' have gode expedicion therof. As for 
the chirch of Chestr', hit is ane harde matter, for it towcheth 
air the officers in the courte ; neverthelesse it shalbe purposed 
in the next consistorye agayne, and all that is possible to be 
done shalbe, etc. The pope in this mater is not content, 
because one Philippus de Venia, marchaunt of Florens, shalbe 
trowbulled for this matter' because hit shulde be reported that 
he shulde lette the expedicion therof. And it is so that it 
was reported to me of diverse othur' that yai saide- that 
Philippus wolde have spede it for the hole tax, if the had not 
be letted be Sebastiane, my cosyn. 

Also in the chirch of Saynt Crucis of Jerusalem in Rome in 
an olde wall' is founde a litill' chest covered with lede, and 
above the chest a stone wher opon was wretten Titulus Crucis^ 

1 Siena. 

2 saude, MS. 



262 

and within the same chest ther' is a horde which is carved in 
Ebrew, Greke, and Latyn Jesus Nazarenus, hot Bex Jtcdeorum 
can not be redde be cause the horde is broken, and so it is 
varely thought that it is the same titull' that was sett by Pylate 
opon the Crosse a hove oure Lordes hede Tempore passionis, 
and so it is thought rather it is so be cause yai fynde by olde 
bokes that it shulde be in the same church. 

Also ther' is certen tythynges commen to the pope that the 
kyng of Spayne hath goten Garnado,^ for the which ther hath 
be made here grete triumphis and justynges and mony othir 
ryaltes, with generall procession, and opon Sonday, the v^* 
day of Februar , the pope, with the holy collage of cardinalles 
and yaire holy courte, went to the church of James here in 
Rome, which is the Spaynardes' church, and ther' was songen 
te Deum laudmniis, with a solempe masse, with a sermon con- 
venient for the same. And the saide cetie Garnado was yeldet 
by appoyntment made betwene the nobull' kyng of Spayne 
and the vSarasyns' cheif captens and hedes men of the same 
cetie. Wherfor all Cristcn men ar' bounde to thanke God, 
conside^ryng how stronge a cetie it is, and also how longe it 
hase conteyn[u]ed in the wronge faith, for sen' the tyme it 
was recovered {sic) fro the mysbeleve it is vij.c. yer', or nygh ther 
aboute, and full sure and stronge hade yd^i made it, to yaire 
thynkyng never lyke to have loste it agayne, for in the same 
cety was ther ix. stronge wardes, and every warde was from 
oyer a large myle well vetayled and reparelled for warr', and 
this xl.*^ yere passed the said kyng off Spayne and his pre- 
decessors have continued warre agaynes the same cety and 
couth never opteyn victory unto now, Gracia Dei, and the grete 
meanes and labur' of the moste nobuU' redowted his welbeloved 
wyffe the queue, the which is repute the moste goodely, witty 
and nobuir princes under the cope of Heven, both in 
devysyng of sutteltes and fetes of warr' and othirAvyse, for she 
is redy and prest in every felde and bataile lightly that he 
gose to, and is ever more in the first brounte of yair' men, 
confortyng and cheryshyng yaim, as it is reported, etc. This 
same cetie was yeldet to the kyng of Spayne under apoyntment 
the furst day of Januarii last passed, in the which appoyntment 
it was graunted that every Sarasyn shulde have asmuch of 
his owne godes as he couth here away opon hym at ones if 
he so mych had, except of golde and silver, harnes and wep- 
pyn, wherof yai shulde have none, etc. Item when the 
Cristen men entred the cetie yai fande ther xxx^^ thousande 
breganders, wherof vj. thousande were covered with cloth of 
golde and oyer sylkes with gylt nayles. Item ther were founde 
iiij. thousand of white harnes complete. Also yai fande ther 
xxij"^* thowsande crosbowes, with all yair' apparell' ther unto 
appertenyng. Also ther were founde ther xxiiij^' thousande 
swerdes, wherof x. thousande were gilte and garnysshed with 
silver that every one of yaim were worth \s. Also ther were 
in the same cetie at the tyme of yeldyng iiij^^ thousande 

1 Orauada* 



263 

and X. M' peopull' betwene the ages of xij. and iij" yeres, 
beside yong childer and olde men and women. Also in the 
cheif tempull of the same cetie were founde iij. thousand lampes 
of golde and silver, the worste valowed xxuijli. sterling. Also 
ther where founde iiij. chaers of golde and xxij.^' chaers of 
silver for seytes of the king, the qwhene, and oyer heythen 
lordes. Also ther was founde abundaunnce of golde and 
silver coyned, which the kyng of Spayne left ther to make with 
a new church. Also in one of the castelles where in the kyng 
and the quene were loged of Garnado, the walles of the hall' 
and chambers wer' of marbuH', cri stall and jasper and sett 
in mony sendry places with preciouse stones. And over this 
ther were founde grete and unnumerable ryches. Also or 
thay that were in the cetie wolde yelde up the cety for lac^ 
of vytaile, thay ete yair' horses and houndes and cattell' and 
ij. hundreth Cristen men, the which were presoners ther' the 
same tyme, etc. 

[Fo. 41.] 

" The prenostacion (sic) of Alfons Frysaunn[c]e, clerke of 
Mayster Skalgaynes, astrologe to the Grete Turke, resydent 
in the grete town Dary in Alexander. 

When that I Alfons Frysaunnce, of Aysia, come to the 
age of man [I] receyved my baptyme at the Rodes,^ and this 
revelacion that I have I hade of God and of my Mayster 
Skalgayns, and not of my selfe ; which tyme [I] was in the 
courte and service of the Turke, the yer' of our' Lorde a 
thousand CCCC. and XV. And I was the same man that 
saved the life of Duke John' of Burgone^^ (on whose soule God 
have mercy !), the which duke the Turke delivered to be put 
to deth, as he dyd mony moo Cristen men, saying to the 
Turke : ' In no wise put hym to deth, for why thrugh his 
cause and his heyres to the iiij*^^ degre of hym shall distroye 
moo Cristen men than ther bene on lyve in any realme, and 
the secunde heire^ of hym shalbe the grettest persecutor with 
swerde opon Cristen men and with the swerde he shalbe 
slayne, and of hym shall byde a doughter^ of his blode, the 
which a grete prince^ of Esteurope shall' marry, and be hir 
he shall have a childe the whiche shalbe a grete persecutor 
of Cristente and Sarasyns that this ij. hundreth yere was 
none such, and sayes he shall conquer' Jerusalem as dyd God- 
fray Bullen and shall' deliver Costantine the nobull'^ owte 
of the heythen men's handes, and it shalbe thrugh the help 
of a king of Englande.' 

Also he says in the yer' of oure Lorde a M'- CCCC. IIIJ^^ 
and XII. shall end the prosperite of the king of Floure de 
Lice,^ and he shalbe mesured with the same mesure that he 



1 


Inf, MS, 


2 


Rhodes. 


3 


John san.<i Peur, 1404-18, captured at Nicopolis 28 September, 1396. 


4 


Charles the Bold, 1407-77. 


5 


Mary of Burgundy. 


f) 


The Emperor Maximilian I. 


7 


Constantinople. 


S 


France. 



264 

base mesured oder, for the which ther shall come to the kyng 
of Floure de Lice grete devicion be tray tours, as well' on 
the spirituair men as the seculares. And sone after shall' the 
pope of Rome dye, and then' shall' come mony noveltees, 
for why then the Turke shall' mych prosper in Cristendome. 
Also he sayes that when the kyng of Floure de Lice have 
done grete tribulacion in Westeurope, he shall enter' into a 
realme the which is now a Ducher'^ and make grete warr', 
and then shall the kyng with grete and stronge armes ayde 
the same, and or then all' be done he shall' suffer' grete trayvell' 
or he retorne ; bot then shall the son of man^ also with grete 
peopuir ayde the saide Ducher', the which was sumtyme a 
realme of the which the duke at that tyme shalbe dede with 
oute heire male, for the which shall ryse grete warr'. 

And afore that tyme the kyng with strong armes ^ shall 
have grete anxcie[tie]s with the hey then men of Garnado* 
and of Barber',^ and yet that yer' of [oure] Lorde a thousand 
CCCC. nil." and XII. he shall' have Garnado and Barbere 
at hys will', and he shalbe counsell' of the pope, which shall' 
die in the yer' of oure Lord a thousand CCCC. IIII.'''^ and 
XIII.**;® by the deth of whome Cristen men shall lese no 
thyng, for whye one shall reigne after hym that shalbe right 
true to Cristendome, bot he shall' not reigne long, bot the 
space of iij. yer' or ther' aboute.' 

And in that tyme or sone after shall the lyfe of the kyng 
with the close crowne a bowve^ be lost, which hath bene a 
right covetus man ; and this done shal begynne a grete warr' 
noyfull to Cristendome as agaynes thaim of Esteurope. 

And Westeurope shall' have mych to doo, for within that 
tyme the Son of Man, which is the kyng of Englande, shall 
demaynde (sic) his right of the crowne of Floure de Lice, the 
which he shall have sone after. Neverthelesse he shall have grete 
trayvell', bot it shall not indure bot one yere, and litill more. 
And then shall' be a bysshope of a cety name Agrippa or 
Colyn'^ that shall commense warr', by the which he shall 
drawe to hym monj^ grete lordes ; the which shalbe the last 
warr' that shalbe made a grete alliaunce emonge Cristen 
peopuJl in Cristendom, whereof diverse shalbe bounde and 
sworne agayne the Turkes, the which shalbe mych profite 
to Cristendom, and shalbe to yaim mych at doo, for whye the 
Turkes of Aysya that tyme shall' make yair allians to come 
to and aprese to Rome ; and that shalbe the grete warr' 
aforsaide, for whye agayne yaim shalbe made bot litull' 

1 The dukedom of Brittany. Francis II. of Britanny died on 9 
September, 1488, leaving two daughters, Anne, who married Charles VIII. 
of France in 1491, and Isabel, who died in 1490. 

2 The King of England, as explained below. 

3 Ferdinand of Aragon. 

* The Kingdom of Granada. 
s Barbery. 

6 Innocent VIII. died 25 July, 1492. 

7 Alexander VI. occupied the papal throne from II August, 1492 to 
18 August, 1503. 

8 The Emperor Frederick III. died on 19 August, 1493. 

* Cologne {Colonia Agrippa). 



265 

recistens, for by yaim shalbe goten townes and castels that 
yett ar' Cristen. And that tyme the son of man of Westeurope, 
that is of England e, shalbe crowned Kyng of Fraunnce and 
shalbe [the] furst that shall' cause pease to be publisshed in 
Cristendome, and he shalbe a grete justiciar' to yaira that be 
under hym, and he shalbe a grete enmy to tray tours. In 
the tyme of that kyng shalbe sene mony thynges at the com- 
mensement of his realme, for all treson then shalbe disco verd, 
and shall cost yaim mony of yaire lyves as to grete lordes 
and nobuir men. And in the yer' of oure Lorde a thousand 
CCCC. IIII^^ and XII. the kyng of England shall enter' the 
lande of the Floure de Lice/ with a grete pusaunnce,^ without 
departyng thens unto the tyme that he shalbe crowned, and 
that coronacion and victory shall' come to hym bye yaim of 
Esteurope, which shall' com to hym for socoure. And the 
peopuir of the Floure de Lice shall have that yer' strongly 
to do and suffer, and [it] shall cost the life of mony a man 
or ever it be doone, for the treson shalbe so mycli and so 
grete that the realme of the Floure de Lice wilbe glade to be 
quyte of yaire king. Notwithstandyng the lordes of the 
same realme shall' recysfwith gode wyll', bot the parties 
shalbe so mych that yai may not remedy it, and the adversite 
for the Floure de Lice shall com be water' and be lande. 

And grete tyme after shalbe pease in Esteurope, bot before 
this ther' shalbe grete parties, for yai shalbe include t and 
intryket^ with the synne of lechery and of pryde, bot yai shalbe 
gode almusmen, and if yai be not, yai shall suffer' and have 
the promys of the profyte. 

And that same tyme shall the king of Naples and the Romayns 
suffer mych for yaire synnes, the which dayly commyth, for 
yai leve not after Goddes lawes. And in that tyme shalbe 
crowned the Son of Man the Kyng of Floure de Lice, and then 
shalbe sene mony strange thynges as sterus with tayles and 
grete fyre in hem, and principally grete lyghtnyng towarde 
the son rysyng. And of the tokyns shall have as well the 
infidelles as the Cristen, for why yai shall fortefy ther' walles 
and fortrasis that yai shall' thynke yaimselffe ingeonabulL* 
Bot I Alfons Frisaunce certefy you that if yai make thaym 
of yxen or of stele, it shall availe yaim nothyng when' the 
Cristen men shall' come opon yaim. Afore that day shall' 
the Cristen suffer', that is to say unto the tyme of the yer' 
of oure Lorde cum to XV.C, and whoo that lyve unto that 
yere shall' see Jerusalem Cristen, and ther' thay shall' fynde 
the bokes of my Maister Skalgayns afore the bokes of the 
Prophet Enok that leved before the Crucifying of Oure Lorde, 
and after the which [he] prophesyed to the generacions of 
Jerusalem yair' destruccion. 

And afore that tyme shall' Cristendome have mych payne as 
of warr' and hunger and mortalite, for why in the yer' of 

1 Henry VII. invaded Frtmce in October, 1492. 

2 * puissance,' power. 

3 ' Intricate,' involved in (Latin intricatii8), 

* Impregnable, apparently ' engine able.' Not in New English DicU 



266 

oure Lorde XV. C. when the son commes and enters to his 
strenth, shall come in Europe a rayne and wynde, in such 
wise that in some place the iij''^ person shall' not be leved 
on lyve, and the same wynde and rayne shall' cum owte of 
the northest, that mony that be on lyve on the even hole shalbe 
dede on the morrowe. And to the tyme of oure Lorde XV. C. 
yere shalbe no goode tyme of vetailes nor marchaundes thrugh 
the most parte of Cristendome. 

And I Alfons Frysaunnce say that this that this {sic) yong 
childe shalbe borne of the blode of the presoner' Duke John' 
of Burgone, of the which I have spoken of before, and that 
the laste heires male shulde dye on a swerde, of the which 
shulde be leved bot one doughter, and of the same doughter 
shulde be borne pe same childe abowte the ver' of our Lorde 
a thousand CCCC. TII^^ and XVIIL,^ the Which childe shall' 
reigne all' his life in goodenes and prosperite, and all infydelles 
and Cristens shall' hym fere that never sawe hym, for he 
shalbe a grete persecutor of the hey then and gitte a grete parti e 
of the cuntrey of the Sarasyns and conquer'. x\nd then the 
holy Saynt Peter' that then shall reigne shall goo with hym 
in propur person, the which holy Saynt Peter shalbe betrayed 
and poysonned, and that shalbe grete damage to all' Cris- 
tendome. And I have saide to j^ou before who that lyves in 
the yer' of oure Lord XV. C. shall' se Jerusalem redemed in 
to Cristendome and Costantine nobull', the which were sum- 
tyme Cristen. And I Alfons Frysaunnce say to you agayne 
mony oder' thynges of this childe, the which shalbe grete 
profyte to Cristendome, and shall do more then I can say, 
bot who that lyve shall see mor, etc. 

I Alfons Frysaunnce was borne in the yer' of oure Lord a 
thousand [C]CC. IIIJ'''' and X. in Maye, and know well' that 
my dayes shall' ende at the age of a hundreth and x. yere, 
yett I had lever' all the goode that I am worth that I myght 
se the childe, bot it is not possible. And I say who that may 
lyve the yer' of oure Lorde XV. C. shall se more than he that 
lyved CCC. yer' befor'. And it shalbe profyte to all Cristendome 
to amende yaire lyves that yai may receyve the promysses 
of God. 

Wretten at the Roodes, the yer' of oure Lorde a M'CCCC. 
and XXXI." 

[Fo. 42.] 

[1492.] Copy of king's commission regarding the lately 
ordained staple of metals, dwelling upon the advantages of 
finding employment for the people, etc. The deputies of the 
mayor of the staple are for London John Bracebrige or 
John Bradman, for the West Country the prior of Plumton, 
and others at Bristol, Leicester, West Chestre, York, and New- 
castle-on-Tyne. It begins : " These articles folowyng con- 
teyne and shewe a grete parte of the commodites and pro- 
fettes that may growe by the staple of mettalles late 
ordeigned and establisshed by the kyng and 80ver[a]gne 

1 The Emperor Charles V. was born on 24 February, 1500. 



267 

lorde, under his lettres paten tes sealed with his grete seale 
of Englande, with the grete avayle also lyke to growe of 
silver mynes, th'establisshing and ordinaunce of which 
staples shalbe both honour and profett to the kinges highnes 
and to the universall wele and incresse of all his subjettes 
lyke herafter it may evydently appere." (^ee Appendix.) 

[Fo. "43.] 

[1492.] — List of the king's retinue into France/ whereof a 
fourth of his archers are to be on horseback and the others 
on foot at his wages. It includes seven earls, twelve lords, 
sixty-four knights, beginning with Sir Henry Verdon, and 
giving the number of spearmen and archers contributed by 
each one, the bishops and chaplains. The total is given as 
12,680. 

The outer cover has written upon it the following curious 
alphabetical poem, which is illegible in places owing to the 
rubbing away of the parchment. The letter E is not represented. 

Alas ! what rulythe the brydle rayne ? 

Alas ! that I lovyd so concupyscence. 

Alas ! tyme past maye not returne agayne. 

Alas ! that I lost it by neglygence. 

Alas ! to lernyng I had no dilligence. 

Alas ! that ever I lovyd unhappynes. 

Alas ! I bannysshyd reason and sadnes. 

Beware, thou youthe, evermore of idlenes, 

Beware of pryde and deadly synne, 

Beware of wraythe, be rulyd by mekenes, 

Beware right well of proude presumption. 

Beware and reyse (?) of false rebellion. 

Covet measure for thy bodily wealth, 

Covet the way of thy soules healthe. 

Covet [rejpentaunce for thy wretchednes. 

Covet the company of Dame Fidehtie. 

Covet heven with deedes of charytie. 

Dread then God above all thing, 

Dread lyke way es thy soveraigne kyng. 

Dread to do thy neighbour an ne[wes]aunce. 

Dread above other thy selfe to advaunce. 

Followe the trace of truethe and rightuosnes. 

Followe mekenes and also lowlynes. 

Followe justyce without corruption. 

Follow conscience at everie season. 

Gladly be rulyd by counsell prudent. 

Gladly to learne be thou myche dilligent. 

Gladly serve God and thy prynce also. 

Gladly be pacyent in trouble and woe. 

Havre God in thy myr.d for evermore. 

Have mercie and pittis allwaies on the pore. 

Have s . . ant confidence in Goddes grete goodne[s]. 

Have thou no trust in wordly ryches. 



1 Cf. Bymer, Fcedera, xii., p. 477. 



268 

I knew no thing in youthe what I was. 
I thought full httle so sure it woulde passe. 
I was (?) subdued ear that I was wa[re] 
I dyd never think of myne after year (?). 

Know fyrst God .... selfe st . . es 
Know well . . . thy neighbour .... 

Know well 

Know 

Love God. feare God above all thing. 
Love no riat nor backereckening. 
Love thy neighbour and chearishe thy wife. 
Love to be pacient and flye from stryfe. 

Muche myschyffe commyth of great debate. 
Muche sorrowe com my the of envy and hate. 
Moche jo[i]e is groundyd in peace and unytye. 
Moche harme dothe growe of instabilitie. 

No thing is sweter then the dew of grace. 
No man without charitie niaye heven purchase. 
No man without labour science can have. 
No thing is better then pacience to crave. 

mortall man ! ryse owt of deadly synne ! 
unkind man ! to amend the begynne ! 
O man ! remember how God gyveth grace ! 
man ! remember thy tyme and thy space ! 

Please God thy maker, kepe his commaundment. 
Please well thy prince and be thou obedient. 
Please God with pacience and perfect charitie. 
Please not the devyll throughe pride and envy. 

Quare Deo fui sic contrarius ? 
Quare^ heu ! non i'psiim amavi ? 
Quart, ve ! sic semper peccavi ? 
Quare mundum frequentavi ? 

Right grevously I have God offendyd. 
Right little I thought for to be amendyd. 

Support not Avrong to right contrary. 
Support Justice with all thy diligence. 
Support not tlly servaunt to do any viUanye. 
Support non man when he dothe offend. 

Truethe maye be bould in every place. 
Truethe is well tried in tyme and space. 

Viri infor[tu]nati procul amici. 

Wo worthe the love that breaketh faythe ! 

Wo worthe the love that hat[h] no shame ! 

Wo worth the tongue that contrary sayth ! 

Wo worth those wittes that suche can frame ! 204 (282). 

An octavo volume in a late fifteenth century hand, contain- 
ing S. Augustine De Conflictu Vitiorum. 



269 

c. 1500. — Chartulary of Willoughby lands in Gunthorpe 
and Lowdham, in large folio volume. ^ 204 (294). 

c. 1500. — A like volume relating to Risley and Wollaton. ^ 

204 (281). 

[c. 1520]. — A MS. book containing forms of writs, etc., 
precedents of actions, statutes, and other legal matter, 
including " Lectura Spylman sur I'estatut de Quo Warranto 
novo tempore Quadragesimali, anno 10 Henrici Octavi." In 
all sixteen of Spylman 's lectures, all in Law-French, are given. 
The book was afterwards used for the entry of various house- 
hold and agricultural accounts, inventories, etc. 204. 

Building accounts of Wollaton Hall, 1582-3, 1584-5, 1586, 
1587, 1588. These consist of books of the payments of wages 
week by week and of other payments by the clerk charged 
with the payment of wages, and of statements of receipts and 
expenditure. They give very little information beyond the 
names and rates of pay of the workmen engaged upon the 
building. There are payments for " hewing " ashlar at 
Ancaster, and several payments to Smithson as imprest for 
task- work, but there is nothing to shew that he acted as 
" architector " in the modern sense, as he has been said to 
have done on the authority of his epitaph in Wollaton church. 
There is, however, nothing in the accounts to disprove that 
he held this position. In 1587 the payment to him is said 
to be " to paye owte for taske worke". In September of this 
year there is a payment for " making a cesprey-^ for turning 
the water to the new howse, xix(i." In November of the 
same year there is an entry of " paid to the joynour of Darby 
by myself in parte of payment for seeling the dyning parlour, 
being 180 foote of measured weynskot at i]s. le foote, vli. ; 
paid to him by my master at twoo severall tymes for the 
same worke, xiijZi." 

Small 4to paper volume bound in black leather, containing 
the notes made by Francis Willoughby, the natural 
philosopher, as the result of the examination and arrange- 
ment of the family papers by him and his friend John Ray. 
It is entitled by Willoughby : " Memoirs and observations 
taken out of old muniments, videlicet deeds, fines, accounts, 
court roles [space for addition of other classes of records], and 
all sorts of old writings which were found the most of them 
either at Wollaton or Middleton [lin,e and a half left blank] 
cheifly concerning pedigrees, marriages, titles of land, pur- 
chases and sales, sutes in all courts [line and a half left blank] 
of the familie of the Willughbies." 

After a reference to the grants from King Olfa and King 
Kenulf of Mercia^ (p. 5), he gives notes on the manner of 
drawing up fines, stating that before the time of Henry III 
they began thus " Henricus, rex Angliae,* etc. Sciatis, 

1 See page 196, above. 

2 That is a conduit-pipe, from the French aoupiraU, Latin suapiractUum. 

3 See page 197, above. 
* So in MS. 



270 

quod Robertus Marmion et Gaufridus, patruus suus, fecenint 
finem coram me hoc modo, etc. Vide Hen. 2.," and that in 
" other bargains not made before the king : ' Hsec est con- 
ventio facta inter, etc' Vide icritings in Hen. I. time. In 
Henre the 3d's time the forme was much the same as it is 
now, onely impedientes instead of deforciantes " (p. 11). He 
then gives brief abstracts of early deeds under each king's 
reign. The earliest one is : " Woodborough, com. Not. 4 
William 2d. (sic) The will of John Perrot of Woodborough. 
His brother John, etc. his executors," followed by, " La Boxe, 
Wiken, 11 et 14 Hen. 1. William Little sells to Jordan 
OHver lands in La Boxe. Jordan Oliver and Rosamund 
agree that Hen[ry] and his sons will doe the service William 
was wont to doe."^ The next, " Mordun. 5 of King Stephen. 
Walterus de Cla villa to the Knights Hospitallers, a mill in Mor- 
dun " (p. 15) is based upon a fifteenth century copy dated "1140." 
At p. 21 the charter of Henry II to Fulk de Lusoriis (p. 2 above) 
is dated " between the 1 and 8 Hen. 2." The confirmation 
by " Richard Peck," bishop of Coventry, to the monastery 
of Poulesworth of the grant of Robert son of Galfrid and 
Amabilla his wife of the mills of Kingsburie (p. 9, above) 
is assigned to 9 Henry II. The charter of this king to 
William de Mora and Letia, his wife (p. 23 above) is noted, 
but no date is assigned to it. There are notes of the 
following charters that have not been found during the 
inspection : 

" Com. Dor[set], Knolton. Hen. 2d. grants the hundred 
of Knolton to Nic. de Mol : " 

" Hen[ry] 2. The king confirmes to Robert son of Richard 
Hawis, the daughter of Richard Foliat, with all the lands 
which were her father's in England and Wales, which lands 
William, E[arl] of Glocester, confirmed to the said Ric: 
Foliat. This Wm. was son of Robert, Earle of Glocester, that 
assisted Maud the Empresse." 

" Hen[ry] 2. Marmion. A fine before the king between 
Robert Marmion and Gaufridus, his unkle. Robert grants to 
his unkle Gaufridus Avon, Dichelmeston, the Honnour of 
Landstephan, which were his grandfather's Roger's ; and 
Gaufridus grants his nephew Robertus all his right in 
Wintringham and Scrivelby and in the fee of Mannaser 
Marmion, and releases all suites and actions." 

" Between 1 and 6 Hen[ry] 2. Marmion. Robert son of 
Robert Marmion and Milicent confirme to the monasterie of 
Polesworth the mannour of Walton, forbidding them to assart 
the woods hee had given them and reserving to himselfe 
hunting. Hee desires this may bee confirmed by the 
authoritie of the king and bisshops of Canterbury and 
Chester." 

Page 23. " 32 H[enry] 2. Willughby. The prior of the 
Knights Hospitallers of Jerusalem to Peter son of Ralph 
and Athelitia, lands which came from Richard son of G«rvas 

1 There is an undated release and an agreement dated 14 Henry [II]. 



271 

in Willughby. Robert de Heritz confirmes the grant of 
Richard son of Gervas. Peter to pay 0. 4. and J of all goods 
for a mortuary." 

There are no charters assigned to Richard I. Under the 
reign of John he notices the grants to William de Estute villa 
of license to fortify his houses " de Coteringham " {sic for 
Cotingham ; see p. 51, above) and of a market in that town 
(p. 36, above) ; the charter of Walergne {sic), earl of Warwick, 
to Alured Carpenter of Wissall and Gamell Blunt (p. 24, 
above, where it is assigned to an earlier date) ; and that of 
" William, earle of Ferrers, to Roger son of Humfrie [of] a 
marsh in the fee of Engl' for J m[ark]. Sibill, his countesse, 
is one of the witnesses." 

Under Henry II^F he begins to arrange the abstracts under 
counties and manors or towns. At p. 47 to 61 he gives a 
history of the Marmions (see p. 506, below). He continues this 
arrangement, with occasional genealogical notes, to the end 
of the reign of Edward III. From Richard II to Edward 
IV the abstracts are neatly written, in what seems to be the 
hand of John Ray, under the names of the counties, which 
are arranged in alphabetical order, and the names of the 
manors, etc. The abstracts are continued until the end of the 
reign of Henry VII in an oblique, scratchy hand. 

Miscellaneous Rolls, Books and Papers. 

1262 — A parchment roll, imperfect at beginning. It bears 
the headings : " Redditus et servicia, que Dominus Henricus 
de Apeldrefeud habet de empto suo in villa de Sunderesse " 
[Sundridge, co. Kent] ; — " De redditibus et serviciis de 
perquisitu Domini de Priore et Conventu de Merthone in 
Sunderesse." There is also another imperfect roll, which 
seems to be a portion of the above. It has the headings ; 
*' Rotulus de redditibus gallinarum de Sunderesse att[ermi- 
natis] ante Natale Domini, anno XL*' septimo incipiente " ; 
" Redditus quondam Abbatis de Boxle in Sundr' " ; and 
" Redditus gallinarum de perquisitu Domini in villa de 
Sunderesse." 

[c. 1300.] — Roll giving list of possessions of villeins (?) in 
Linintone and Barmling [Linton and Barming, co. Kent]. 38. 

A roll of thirteen rolls in an early fourteenth century hand, 
endorsed " Propria irrotulamenta de Termino Pasche anno 
viij'^ et deinceps," containing transcripts of enrolments in the 
rolls of the king's Bench(?)i of the seventh to the eleventh 
years of the reign [of Edward II]. Each is prefaced by a 
heading as to its legal importance. The first is Hilary term, 
anno septimo, " Memorandum, de bona narracione, quam 
Dominus de Bereford narravit, videlicet qualiter quidam 
Dominus Willelmus de Paries,^ miles, in quodam comitatu^ 

1 The references are, inter alioy "anno x ( ?), rot, ccccxxiij," Trin. co. Not. 
rot. 90," " Hil. anno xi, rot. 130." 

2 Cf. I nquisitiones post Mortem, i, pp. 68, 69, 70; Calendar of Close 
Rolls, 1279-1288, p. 2. 

3 County Court, shiremoot. 



272 

sedens, manifeste et stulte dixit cuidam homini, qui ei 
transgressus fuerat, quod ei redderet pro loco et tempore. 
Postea contigit quod idem vir, de quodam quondam suo 
garcione sibi malivolo insidiatus, ipso die incedendo de illo 
comitatu per viam, fuit interfectus. Unde de inquisicione 
coram coronatore capta, non inveniebatur aliquis cui 
inputabatur dicta felonia, nisi dictus Willelmus miles minas 
fecit eidem interfecto. Per quod idem miles indict atus et 
in judicio productus, se posuit in inquisicionem patrie, cujus 
veredictum ipsum reddidit culpabilem, et fuit suspensus. 
Postmodum terre et tenementa sua fuerunt seisita in manu 
domini regis, et quondam (sic) manerium suum, scilicet Hones- 
worth^ in comitatu Staff ordie, cum aliis tenementis suis fuerunt 
seisita in manu domini regis, et dictus rex illud manerium 
commisit domine regine," etc. This was probably prepared 
by or for Sir Richard Willoughby, Chief Justice of the King's 
Bench in the early years of Edward III. 24. 

1332-3. — A roll of thirteen rolls containing the proceedings 
before Richard de Grey, Henry de Grey, John Darcy "le 
neveu," Nicholas de Langeford, John de Twyford, and Richard 
de la Pole, appointed by letters patent dated at Westminster, 
23 March, 6 Edward ill [cf. Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1330- 
1334, p. 295], keepers of the peace and justices of oyer and 
terminer in co. Derby, and before Richard de Grey, Darcy, and 
Robert de Perpount and William de Gotham, appointed by like 
commission for co. Nottingham (roll 7). The roll contains the 
presentments of the jurors of the towns of Derby and 
Nottingham and of the wapentakes of the two counties. 
The offences presented are theft, burglary, murder, harbour- 
ing of felons. Most of these crimes seem to have been com- 
mitted by one band of outlaws under the leadership of James 
Coterel. The same offences are presented by the jurors of 
several wapentakes, with slight differences in wording occa- 
sionally. 

The jurors of Derby present that James Coterel, Nicholas 
and John, his brothers, Roger le Sauvage, Stephen de 
Edenesovere, Nicholas de Calton, Walter the servant of James 
Coterel, William de Bucstones [Buxton, co. Derby], Thomas 
de Bucstones, William de Eyom, and Henry Ody with others 
unknown slew Thomas Ithel and William de Pare in the 
town of Asshebourn [Ashborne, co. Derby], on the night of 
Tuesday in Easter week, 5 Edward III, and burgled the 
house of Geoffrey le Wright there, and there robbed Roger 
de Wandesleye of armour and other goods to the value of 
1005., and robbed William de Pare of armour and other goods 
to the value of 505. , and robbed Thomas Ithel of armour, 
etc., to the value of 605. They also present that Robert 
Bernard, Hugh le Procuratour of Baukewell [Bakewell, co. 
Derby], and Henry Ivessone harboured the aforesaid felons 
at Baukewell in 5 and 6 Edward III, after the commission 



1 Cf. Inq. poat Mortem, i, p. 696. 



273 

of the said felonies and knowing that they were outlawed in 
CO. Nottingham. And that John de Bradbourn and William, 
his brother, Henry de Sheyle, Eustace de Foleville, Walter 
and Laurence, his brothers, "maintained" the said James 
Coterel and the others, knowing that they were outlawed, 
by riding armed with them when needed and by aiding them 
in the commission of the felonies aforesaid. And that John 
Lovet, Walter de Foleville, and Nicholas de Eton slew William 
de Longeforde and John de Tyssyngton at the Frereyate in 
Derby about midnight on Wednesday after St. Gregory, 
6 Edward III. And that James Coterel, Henry Ody of Asshe- 
burn, William de Eyom, Nicholas Coterel, Stephen de 
Edenesovere, and Walter, servant of James Coterel, slew 
William de Knyveton, knight, and John Matkynsone at 
Bradeleye [Bradley, co. Derby] on Tuesday after St. Barnabas, 
4 Edward III. And that William Hodsone^ (hanged, sus'), 
late the servant of William Sylcok of Derby, broke by night 
the house of Maud de Bare we of Bolton [Boulton, in Derby] 
at Bolton, and robbed her of 6O5. in money and of goods 
value 20s. in the fifth year of the reign. 

The jurors of the wapentake of Repingdon [Repton, co. 
Derby] present, amongst other things, that Roger de 
Wendesleye, William Pare, Thomas Ithel, and Walter de 
Perton slew Laurence Coterel and John Derleye at the 
Annunciation, 4 Edward III. 

The jurors of the wapentake of Wyrkesworth and Appeltre 
[co. Derby] present that James Coterel, Nicholas, his brother, 
Walter, servant of James, and William de Eyom slew 
William Pare and Thomas Ithel (as above), and that Roger 
le Sauvage, Nicholas de la Forde, Richard de Slepe, Thomas 
son of Thomas de Bukstones, John de Berde, Yevan le 
Raggede, John de Bradbourn, and William, his brother, 
Henry Hody, and John Sire were present and aiding. And 
that William son of Henry le Porter slew Walter Tyste at 
Brasyngton [Brassington, co. Derby] on Thursday after the 
Purification, 6 Edward III, and that John Coterel was there 
aiding him, and that Nicholas son of Hugh le Boler is a 
groom of the said John Coterel, and helped him in the com- 
mission of the said felony and served him after sentence of 
outlawry had been pronounced against the said John. 

The jurors of the wapentake of Morleyston and Lychirch 
[Morleston and Litchurch Hundred, co. Derby] present that 
William de Aune, knight, is a receiver and maintainer of 
Roger le Sauvage, who was outlawed in co. Nottingham for 
felony, and received him at Steynesby [Stainsby, parish of 
Ault Hucknall, co. Derby]. 

The jurors of the wapentake of Scarvesdale [Scarsdale, co. 
Derby] and of the town of Chestrefeld present Henry son of 
Ivo of Tatyngton [Taddington, co. Derby], and William 
Alisaundre of Tyddeswelle [Tideswell, cc. Derby] as main- 
tainers of James Coterel and his fellows, outlaws, b y sending 

1 Called ' William son of John Hoddemon (and Huddemon) of Polton ' by 
the jurors of Morlej'ston and Lvohirch wapentake. 

M18 



274 

them food when desired at Blacwell [Blackwell, co. Derby] 
and elsewhere in the county, 6 Edward III. And that Walter 
de Aune is of the society of the said James and of Roger 
Sauvage, consenting to all the felonies above presented against 
them. And that William son of Roger de Uston and Walter, 
servant of Walter de Uston, robbed Roger son of John le 
Mazoun of Chestrefeld at Bromlej^e^ of a coat (collobio), price 
25., and of a sword, price I2d., on Thursday before the 
Exaltation, 4 Edward III, and that they there bound him. 
And that William de Uston is a maintainer of William 
Bustlard, Walter, servant of Walter de Uston, and Roger 
le Sauvage, outlaws. And that Nicholas, brother of the 
said William [de Uston], received the said Walter, Roger and 
Nicholas (sic), and that he received William Bustlard, out- 
lawed in CO. Derby for the death of Richard Cotel of Chestre- 
feld and Alan Stotard of the same, and that he is a common 
maintainer and receiver of such malefactors. And that Robert 
Bernard^ (clericus convictus), vicar of Baukewell, Hugh Pro- 
curatour,2 and Nicholas atte Forde were maintainers of John 
Coterel and his fellows at Baukewell and in the Peak {PecJco) 
and elsewhere in the county about St. Peter in Cathedra, 6 
Edward III. And that Thomas son of Thomas le Procuratour 
is of the society of the said James, riding armed with him to 
the disturbance of the peace before and after he [James] was 
outlawed, receiving and maintaining him at Bauquell. 

The jurors of the first inquest of Baukwell present that 
James Coterel, Nicholas Coterel, John Coterel, Roger le 
Sauvage, Walter and Adam, servants of the said James, 
Stephen de Edenesovere, William de Eyom, Thomas de 
Bukstones, William, his brother, John son of John Folejaumbe 
of Berde [Beard, parish of New Mills, co. Derby], Henry son 
of Hugh Taup of Asshebourn, William Shyrard of co. Stafford, 
Richard, his brother, Nicholas Shyrard of Forde, Thomas de 
Rodeyerde, Thomas de Greneweye, John de Rodeyerde, 
William le Shavaldour, Henry le Palfreyman, Walter de Staf- 
ford, Henry de Nedham, Nicholas son of Roger de (sic) 
Melner, and Simon, brother of the said Nicholas, slew Thomas 
Ithel and William Pare at Asshebourn on Wednesday in 
Easter week, 5 Edward III. And that Hugh de Goneston, 
Robert Bernard, vicar, Thomas de Rysbergh, Giles, servant 
of John de Berde, Thomas son of Leticia de Weston, John 
atte Grene of Bukstanes, Walter Scot, Henry de Marketon, 
chaplain, John de Gloucestria of Castelton, Robert de Eyom 
of Bobenhulle [Bubnell, parish of Baslow St. Anne, co. Derby], 
John de Boudone, Yevan le Raggede, Henry son of Ivo de 
Tadyngton, Simon le Croudere,^ Nicholas del Forde, William 
de Chetelton, knight, John de Leghe, knight, Robert de Legh, 
John de Grymmesby of Lincoln, Adam de Berde of Hayfeld 

1 Probably Bramley, in Marshlane, parish of Eckington. There is a 
Bramley Vale in Glapwell, parish of Bolsover, also in the wapentake of 
Soarsdale. 

2 Cf. Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1330 1334, p. 291. 



275 

[Hayfield, co. Derby], Thomas de Melton, Thomas Folejaumbe 
of Berde, William Fegge of Assheforde, Robert, brother of 
Henry de Nedham, William le Porter of Caldelowe [Callow, 
parish of Wirks worth], Nicholas Daniel, William Faber de 
Capella [Chapel-en-le-Frith, co. Derby], William Sparwe, 
Henry Cay of Prestclyve [ Priest cl iff e, parish of Taddington] 
and John, his brother, Richard son of Ivo de Tadyngton, 
Eustace de Folevyle, Laurence and Walter, his brothers, 
Nicholas Syward of Cheylmardon [Chelmorton, co. Derby], 
Nicholas Fox, Richard le Heyward, William Crowe, John de 
Fyndryn, Richard le Webbester, Hugh, vicar of the church 
of Yolgreve [Youlgreave, co. Derby], Joan, wife of Nicholas 
de Rydware, Nicholas Fro ward ^ of Wjn-kes worth, William 
de Mappelton of Asshebourn, Ralph de Spayne, bailiff of 
the High Peak, John del Halle of Castelton [Castleton, co. 
Derby], Robert de Calfvovere [Calver, parish of Curbar, co. 
Derby] of Bobinhulle, Robert son of Richard Folejaumbe of 
BorouhuU, John son of Thomas de Beleye, William son of 
Hugh Lukesone, chaplain, Thomas de Cheylmardon, chaplain, 
Nicholas de Calton, Philip de Turvyle,^ John de Kynardesleye, ^ 
John Clarel,2 Nicholas Teynterel,^ Richard de Haveryngg,^ 
and William de Leycestria,^ canons of Lichefeld, maintained 
and received at Bau quell and Mackeworth [Mackworth, co. 
Derby] about St. Peter in Cathedra, in the 6th year of the 
reign, the said elames and the others before-named after the 
commission of the felony aforesaid. And that Adam de 
Assheby received Finianus de Standon, outlawed for felony. 
And that John de Bradbourn, Richard and William, his 
brothers, maintained, received and sustained James Coterel 
and other outlaws at Bradebourn [Bradbourne, co. Derby], 
and elsewhere about the feast of St. Valentine, 6 Edward III. 
And that Hugh son of Peter de Hardy ngbothe of co. Stafford 
carried victuals to James and his fellows at the park of 
Marketon [Markeaton, parish of Mackworth] after they were 
outlawed, and that he is of their society. And that William 
de Hetcote^ of Tydiswell and Wilham Alessandre maintained 
and received James and other outlaws at Tiddeswell about 
the feast of St. Gregory, 6 Edward III. And that John 
Bozoun,'* the younger, maintained and received James and 
other outlaws, and rode with them with armed power in co. 
Derby after their outla^vry, to wit from Christmas, in the fifth 
year, until the first Sunday of Lent following, and that he 
fed them at the hermitage of Leyes and received them 
there. 

The jurors of the second inquest of the town of Baukwell 
present, amongst other things, that James Coterel and other 
outlaws were received at Medeweplot, at Blacwell [Blackwell, 

1 Cf. Calendar of Close Rolls, 1330-1333, p. 508. 

2 Cf. Calendar of Close Rolls, 1330-1333, p. 603. 

3 ? Heathcote, in Biggin, parish of Wirkswortli, co. Derby. 

4 Cf. Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1330-1334, p. 291, 



276 

CO. Derby], at Moldrikgraunge [Mouldridge Grange, in Bras- 
sington, parish of Bradbourne], and at Grenelowe [Grindlow, 
parish of Bradwell, co. Derb}^]. 

The jurors of the town of Asshebourn present, amongst 
other things, that William de Chetelton, knight, John de 
Lye, knight, Robert, his brother, Thomas de Bucstones, 
dwelling in Baukwell, William, his brother, dwelling in Eyom 
[Eyam, co. Derby], Thomas le Procuratour, Thomas de feys- 
bergh, Eustace de Folevyle, Robert, his brother, John de 
Gloucestria, and John de Grymmesby are aiders of the said 
James Coterel and received him at Bauquell about the feast 
of St. Scholastica, in the 6th year. 

The jurors of the first inquest of the Peak present that 
James Coterel, Nicholas Coterel, John Coterel, Stephen de 
Edenesovere, William de Eyom, William de Bucstones, Thomas 
de Bucstones, Nicholas Syward, the younger, Richard atte 
Yate of Baukwell, Henry Ody of Asshebourn, Walter, the 
servant of James Coterel, and John Folejaumbe of Berde, who 
are outlawed for divers felonies, wander about the country, 
and draw to themselves in their company Richard Botlyn, 
William Russel, Giles Suclyng, Henry Bolderston, John de 
Boudon, John Yonwan, William son of John le Archer, 
Richard Niddesone, Robert son of Henry de Eyom, John de 
Gloucestria, Robert son of Robert le Taillour of Castelton, 
Adam de Irton, Simon le Croudere, Walter de Cotesbache, 
William de Chetelton, knight, John de Rodyerd, Thomas de 
Rodyerd, Thomas de Rysbergh, Richard Shyrard, William 
Shyrard, Thomas le {sic) Greneweye, Walter de Stafford, 
John de Lye, knight, Robert de Lye, Roger le Sauvage, John 
de Grymmesby of Lincoln, Walter de Aune and John de 
Cheworth, who are common malefactors and coadjutors and 
maintainers of the said James and other outlaws. 

The jurors of the second inquisition of the Peak present, 
amongst other things, that Nicholas son of John de Tad- 
yngton frequently bought victuals at Baukwell and else- 
where in the county for the use of James Coterel and other 
outlawi', and carried the same to them at Shakelowe [recorded 
in Great Shacklow Wood, in Sheldon, parish of Bakewell] and 
elsewhere when desired, and he thus maintained, received and 
sustained them. 

The jurors of the first inquest of the county of Derby 
present that Eustace de Folevill,^ Laurence de Folevill, Walter 
de Folevill, Robert de Folevill, and Richard de Folevill, parson 
of the church of Ty [Teigh, co. Rutland], ^ received and had for 
their part about the Purification, in the 6th year, by the hands 
of malefactors unknown, 300 marks in the park of Marketon 
from the moneys of Richard de Wylugheby, knowing of, and 
consenting to, the robbery thereof. And that James Coterel, 

1 Cf. Calendar of Close Rolls, 1327-1330, p. 416, where Eustace de Folevill 
is described as of Ty, and Calendar of Close Rolls, 1333-1337, p. 128. 

2 This rector of Teifth captured Richard do Willoughby, the justice, near 
Grantham affor Christmas, 1332 (Kynghton's Chronicle, p. 460). 



277 

Nicholas Coterel, John Coterel, John de Bradeburn and 
William de Bradeburn had 40 marks for their part of the 
robbery. And that Robert Tochet, lord of Market on, 
Edmund Tochet, parson of the church of Makworth, Robert 
Bernard and Hugh de Gunston,^ proctors of the church of 
Baukewell, received and maintained James Coterel and Eustace 
de Folevill, outlaws, at Baukewell, Mackeworth, and Marke- 
ton about the feast of St. Valentine, in the 6th year. And 
that James Coterel, Nicholas and John, his brothers, Roger 
Sauvage, Stephen de Edenesovere, Walter and Adam, servants 
of James, Eustace de Folevill, Laurence, Walter and Robert, 
his brothers, Robert de Griseleye, Edmund and Roger, his 
brothers, William Corbet of Tasselej^e [Tasley, co. Salop], 
Nicholas de Eton, John de Dunston of Walton (co. Derby), 
William de la Warde, the younger, Robert son of Richard Fole- 
jaumbe, Nicholas de la Forde, Robert son of Matthew de Vylers, 
Nicholas de Sparham and Waiter Comyn ride with armed force 
secretly and openly, and are maintainors and receivers of Ralph 
son of Geoffrey de Repyndon, Roger le Megre, and Reginald de 
la More, notorious thieves, outlawed in that county, and that 
they received them at Denewalehay- in the second week of 
Lent, in the sixth year. And that Geoffrey le Wodeward of 
Marketon is a maintainor and receiver of Eustace de Folevill 
and other outlawed malefactors, carrying to them victuals 
in the park of Marketon for the use of Eustace, James Coterel 
and others, and that he had part of the money stolen from 
Richard de Wylughby, to wit 1005. 

The jurors of the second inquisition of the Peak present 
that Gilbert de la Bruere,^ supplying the place of the dean 
of Lichfield, Philip de Turvill, John Clarel, and William de 
Leycestria, canons of the church of Lichfield, are common 
receivers of James Coterel, Nicholas Coterel, Roger Sauvage, 
and Walter Jamesman and other outlawed malefactors, and 
that they received them at Baukwell in their houses, before 
and after their outlawry, in the fifth and sixth years of the 
reign. And that Hugh de Lekeburn, vicar of the church of 
Yolgrove, gave the said James Coterel 40.9. for his main- 
tenance, on Saturday before the Annunciation, in the 6th 
year. [Several presentments for receiving the said James and 
others ; among those presented is Alice Folejaumbe,'* lady 
of Elton, CO. Derby.] 

The jurors of the town of Derby present that James 
Coterel, Nicholas and John, his brothers, Roger le Sauvage, 
Stephen de Edenesovere, Nicholas de Calton, Walter, servant 
of James Coterel, William de Bukestones, Thomas de Buke- 
stones, William de Eyom, and Henry Ody are common male- 



1 " Hugh le ProcLiratour " in Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1330 1334, p. 291. 

2 A wood in Repton, co. Derby. See I. H. Jeayes, Descriptive Catalogue 
of Derbyshire Charters, London, 190G,nos. 1958, 1980; Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1338-1340, 
p. 2. 

3 Of. Calendar of Close Rolls, 1330-1333, p. 603. 
* Cf. Calendar of Close Rolls, 1330-1333, p. GOl. 



278 

factors and disturbers of the peace, drawing to themselves 
unlaAvful assembhes in public and private places, and that 
they beat men in fairs and markets, and extort intolerable 
ransoms. And that Henry Ody and Walter, servant of 
James Coterel, beat, wounded and maimed John de Knyveton 
at Chestrefeld on Tuesday the Invention of the Cross, in the 
fifth year of the reign. And that Eustace de Folevill and 
Laurence, his brother, riding with an armed force against the 
king's peace, threatened Robert Foucher of Osmundeston 
[Osmaston, co. Derby] that they would slay him, so that he 
could pass on no side for fear of death until he made fine 
with them in IOO5., which he paid to them at Makworth. And 
that Eustace and Laurence took in like manner 60s. from 
John Parys, a brother of Burton St. Lazars [co. Leicester], 
at Spondon [co. Derby]. And that James Coterel, Nicholas 
and John, his brothers, and Walter, his servant, riding with 
armed force threatened Ralph Murimouth of Baukwell, so 
that he made fine with them in lOO.s. for fear of death, which 
he paid to them at Baukwell. And that Eustace de Folevill, 
Walter and Laurence, his brothers, took 10 marks in the same 
way from William son of Walter le Clerk of Marketon, chaplain, 
which he paid them at Marketon. And that the said Eustace, 
Walter and Laurence are of the household of Robert Tochet, 
lord of Marketon, and of Edmund, his brother, wearing their 
robes and dwelling with them, and that Robert and Edmund 
know of the ransoms and fines taken by Eustace, Walter and 
Laurence, and consent with them. 

The jurors of the wapentake of Wirk[s worth] and Appeltre 
present that James Coterel, Nicholas and John, his brothers, 
Roger le Sauvage (and others) came with force and arms to 
Baukwell church on St. Stephen's day, 2 Edward III., and 
entered the church, and they threw down (deposuerunt) 
Walter Can, vicar of the church, and took lOs. from the 
offerings ; and they say that James and the others are main- 
tained by the dean and chapter of Lichfield in all the tres- 
passes committed by them against the church of Baukwell. 

The jurors of the first inquisition of Baukwelle present 
that James Coterel, Nicholas and John Coterel, Roger Sauvage, 
Walter and Adam, servants of James, Stephen de Edenesovere, 
William de Eyom, Thomas de Bukestones, William de Buke- 
stones, John son of John Folejaumbe of Berd, Henry son of 
Hugh Taup of Assheburn, Eustace de Folevill, Laurence 
and Walter, his brothers, Nicholas Syward of Cheylmardon 
[Chelmorton, co. Derby], Nicholas Fox, William de Chetelton, 
knight, John de Lye, knight, Robert de Lye, John de Brade- 
bourn and Richard and William, his brothers, rode armed in 
CO. Derby publicly and secretly, and sent letters under the 
royal stile {sub stilo regio) to William de Birchovere for 20/., 
which they had, and to Thomas Cort of Edenesovere [Edcnsor, 
CO. Derby] for 405., of which they had 205., in the fifth and 
six^ih years of the reign. 



279 

The jurors of the second inquest of Baukwell present that the 
aforesaid men rode armed in manner of war by day and by night, 
and sent letters to divers men of the country for money, to 
wit to Ralph Stolp for 405., to Thomas Cort for 20.s., to Henry de 
PadJeye for 20s., which they had, and so to many men of the 
same county, in the fifth and sixth years of the reign. 

The jurors of the first inquisition of the High Peak present 
that James Coterel, Nicholas Coterel, Stephen de Edenesovere, 
Roger le Sauvage, and Nicholas de la Forde and others 
unknown, in the fifth year of the reign, took John de Stanclyf 
in his house at Mapelton [Mapleton, co. Derby], and carried 
him away at Le Malcave [Malcolf, parish of Chapel-en-le- 
Frith], and there imprisoned him, and detained him in the 
house of Nicholas de la Forde for one week until he took an 
oath that he would never be against them, and besides this 
they took from him a bond for 20/., to be paid if he opposed 
them. And that Godfrey Folejaumbe retained divers male- 
factors for the sake of taking money from men by extortion, 
and that he thus took 20.S. from the vicar of Yolgreve. 

Ro. 7. The jurors of the town of Nottingham present that 
John Sherewynd, servant of Nicholas Coterel, adheres to and 
serves James Coterel and Nicholas Coterel, outlawed for divers 
felonies, being their spy {exploraior) at Nottingham and else- 
where in CO. Nottingham, in the fifth and sixth years of the 
reign. And that William de Dunesby adhered to and served 
fifteen days William Pymme, outlawed in co. Nottingham, 
and that he carried letters from him to WiJliam, the chaplain 
of Bonyngton [Sutton Bonnington, co. Notts], for money to 
send to William Pymme. And that Henry de Wynkeburn 
caused a letter to be made and sent to William de Amyas^ 
at Nottingham by an unknown man, containing that William 
should send 20/. to the society of " gentz savages," to be 
paid at Nottingham to a man bearing an indented bill, the 
second part whereof came to William with the letter, under 
grievous threats of burning everything that he had outside 
the town, and Henry afterwards came to Nottingham with 
the other part of the indenture and demanded the said 20^ 
for the use of the society aforesaid. 

The jurors of the wapentake of Brokelestowe [Broxtowe, 
CO. Notts] present that Henry de Wynkeburn maliciously sent 
a letter of credence to William de Amyas of Nottingham to 
obtain money under threat. And that William de Aune and 
WiUiam de Uston ride armed and take royal prises without 
warrant and without making payment in the wapentake of 
Brokelstowe and elsewhere in the county, taking corn and 
other victuals from Robert le Colyer and other men in the 
same county to the value of 20 marks and more, in the fifth 
and sixth years. 

The jurors of the town of Newerk present that Henry de 
Wynkeburn is the bearer of letters sent by James Coterel, Roger 

1 A wealthy merchant of Nottingham and one of the jurors. 



280 

Sauvage and William Pymme to William Amyas of Not- 
tingham to extort money from him. And that Lecia Pymme 
of Bonyngton carried a letter to the parson of Cortlyngstok 
[Cortlingstock, eo. Notts] and Robert de Barton to extort 
money from them, directed to them by William Pymme, her 
son, grievously threatening them. 

The jurors of Bingham [co. Notts] present that Henry de 
Wynkeburn carried a letter to Geoffrey Loterel that he should 
deliver to him 40/. for the use of James Coterel and other outlaws. 
The jurors of the wapentake of Brokelstowe present that 
William son of John de Uston with others unknown robbed 
Walter le Carpenter of Mamesfeld [Mansfield, co. Notts] and 
John son of Thomas de Mamesfeld in the field of Mamesfeld 
on Tuesday before Christmas, 5 Edward Til, of goods and 
chattels, to wit woollen and linen cloth and silver in pennies, 
to the value of half a mark, and that he is a common thief. 
And that William de Aune, knight, knowingly received James 
Coterel and Roger Sauvage in his manor of Grineleye [Gring- 
ley, CO. Notts] after their outlawry. And that William de 
Aune and William de Uston are maintainers of James Coterel 
and Roger le Sauvage, outlawed for felonies, and that they 
are maintainers of many other malefactors, robbers, and 
senders of letters under the royal stile to obtain and extort 
money from divers men of the country. And that William 
de Uston made and forged (fahricavit) false money in the 
likeness of the king's money at Rodmerthweyt [Radman- 
thwaite, parish of Mansfield] on Monday after the Purification, 
1 Edward III, continuing for the four following years until 
h^ enfeoffed William Trussebut, knight, of the manor of 
Rodmerthweyt, to the deceit of the people, etc., because such 
money was used in place of lawful money in public and private 
places in the county for the said time, to wit at Redmerthweit 
and elsewhere in the wapentake of Brokelstowe. 

The jurors of the wapentake of Neuwerk and Ryseclyve 
[Rushcliffe, co. Notts] present that William Moycok of Bony- 
ton [Sutton Bonnington, co. Notts] and William de Dunnesby 
are grooms of William Pymme, outlawed for felony, leading 
him through divers places in the country and seeking victuals 
for him, and that they received him with his society at 
Bonyton about Christmas, 5 Edward III, and afterwards 
on various occasions. And that William son of Gilbert de 
Gotham and Thomas de Bolewyk, bailiff, together with the 
said William Moycok, are receivers and helpers of the said 
William Pymme, and that they received him at Bonyngton 
and Kynston [Kings ton-on-Soar, co. Notts], in the fifth year 
of the reign. 

Ro. 9. Inquisition taken at Cesterfeld. The jurors of 
[the wapentake of] Scarvesdale present that William de Aune, 
knight, received at the manor of Steynesby, on Thursday 
after St. Chad, 6 Edward III, Roger Sauvage, James Coterel, 
Nicholas Coterel, John Coterel, and John de Grymmesby of 



281 

Lincoln, knowing them to be outlawed, and that he sustained 
and daily sustains them out of his goods and chattels. And 
that William son of Hugh del Hethe came, on Thursday the 
feast of St. Stephen, in the fifth year of the reign, to 
the house of Robert Fraunceys at Hertestoft [Hardstoft, 
parish of Ault Hucknall] as an envoy of Roger Sauvage 
to demand 405. from Robert by means of threats, by 
reason of which threats Robert left his house and durst 
not dwell therein for a long time. And that Roger le Sauvage, 
Wilham de Uston, John Hare, William son of Hugh del Hethe, 
William le Couper of Steynesby, and Henry Ody of Asshe- 
bourn took Henry son of Albredus del Heth, a free man, and 
imprisoned him at Steynesby on Monday after St. Dunstan, 
in the fifth year of the reign, and detained him there for a 
month, and took and drove away and sold his goods and 
chattels, to wit four oxen, three cows, five stirks (stirkeW), 
and 40 sheep. 

Ro. 10. Gaol delivery at Nottingham on Wednesday after 
St. Matthew, 6 Edward III, made by the same justices. 
William de Chetelton, knight, John de Leye, knight, and 
Robert, his brother, indicted for breaking the manor of Sibyl 
de Furneux at Carleton in Lyndryk, co. Nottingham, and 
beating Thomas de Furneux, John de BothemeshuU, Robert 
de Hykelton, Robert de BothemeshuU, chaplain, William de 
Chernok, Henry the cook, and John de Brompton, her servants, 
breaking the closed door of her chamber and endeavouring 
to ravish Joan, late the wife of John de Horreby, knight, 
produced pardons of the king for the outlawry pronounced 
against them in this behalf. 

Henry de Wynkebourn, indicted for sending a letter to 
William de Amyas demanding money for the society called 
" la compaignie sauvage,'^ and for carrying a similar letter 
to Geoffrey Luterell, knight, acknowledged the charges, and 
is remitted to prison until the court be further advised. 

William^ son of Roger de Uston sentenced to be hanged for 
a robbery in the field of Mammesfeld, after conviction. 

Richard le Shepherd, taken at Nottingham at the suit of 
Ivetta, daughter of Henry le Clerk, by appeal of robbery 
before John Rosel, coroner, for stealing fifty-seven sheep, 
price 505., from her at Blitheworth [Blidworth], co. Not- 
tingham, is sentenced to be hanged, after conviction. 

Nicholas de Holm, dwelling in Gunthorp [co. Notts], and 
Andrew de Knyveton, taken at the suit of Agnes Alex[andri ?] 
de Hoveryngham, servant of Thomas de Goushull, by appeal 
of robbery before John Rosel, one of the coroners, for sheep- 
stealing, are convicted by the jury, and Andrew is sentenced 
to be hanged and Nicholas is handed over to the ordinary (John, 
rector of Colwyk, dean of Nottingham) as a convicted clerk. 

Stephen le Taverner of Nottingham, indicted for the rape 
of Joan, wife of Thomas de Normanton of Nottingham, on 

1 Cf. Calendar of Close Rolls, 1330-1333, p. 603. 



282 

Thursday before the Circumcision, 15 Edward II, and for 
beating Henry Whithe Honne of Nottingham to death with 
a staff outside the Chapelbarre of Nottingham on the hill 
near the Cross, on Wednesday the feast of St. James, 3 
Edward III, is acquitted by the jury. 

Roger le Orfevre of Nottingham, indicted for beating 
IMatilda de Cotegrave at Nottingham, breaking her legs and 
maiming her, in the second year of the reign, and for beating 
Margery la Lystere and Matilda de Crophull at Nottingham, 
19 Edward II, and for being confederated with Stephen le 
Taverner of Nottingham and other malefactors in the town 
of Nottingham to maintain one another in all their suits and 
prises, just or unjust, and for threatening William Norre, so 
that for fear of death he made fine with him in 20^., and for 
taking 20.9. in like manner from William Fykeys, 405. from 
WilUam Godeynogh, and from others, and for beating William 
de Wylughby, rector of St. Peter's, Nottingham, William de 
Skeggeby, and Hugh Stoile, and for being a common male- 
factor, confesses and prays to be admitted to make fine with 
the king. He is admitted to a fine of half a mark, in con- 
sideration of his long imprisonment and of his estate, and 
his pledges mainpern for his good behaviour hereafter. 

Stephen le Taverner of Nottingham, indicted for beating 
Gilbert de Hoveryngham, Robert de Halt on, baker, William 
de Whatton, tailor, Goda, hand-maiden of Maya la Norys, 
and Roger le Orfevre at Nottingham, in the third year of the 
reign, and for confederating with Richard le Taverner and 
other malefactors of the town of Nottingham, who are con- 
victed, that one should maintain the other in all their suits 
and prises, just and unjust, and for being accustomed to 
coerce by threats parties pleading in the court of Nottingham 
to take days of agreement (dies aw.oris) and to agree out of 
fear against their will, and for taking by such threats fines 
from certain men for his own use, to wit 405. from John de 
Bredon upon one occasion and half a mark upon another, 
half a mark from Robert de Haliton, half a mark from Robert 
de Derby, 5s. 4:d. from Peter de Carliolo, and so from others, 
and for threatening the jurors of inquisitions so that they 
durst not say the truth, etc., confesses, and is admitted to a fine 
of half a mark in consideration of his long imprisonment, etc. 

Payn le Draper and Simon de Chestre, bailiffs of the town 
of Derby, are in mercy because they did not come before the 
said justices at Nottingham concerning the gaol delivery, as 
they had been summoned by the sheriff. The amercements 
are affeered by the justices at half a mark. 

Many of the adherents of Coterel are acquitted by the 
juries, whilst others are remanded before the king's Bench, 
in accordance with a writ, dated 26 November, 6 Edward III 
[Calendar of Close Rolls, 1330-1:^:^}, p. 616 ; cf. also p. 425], 
to send the indictments, etc., into that court [roll Sd.]. From 
roll 9 it appears that James Coterel and others (unnamed) 



283 

were outlawed in the last eyre of William de Herle in co. Derby 
and Nottingham, that is in 1330 [Calendar of Close Bolls, 
1330-1333, pp. 34, 43, 56, 58, 59, 124, 129, 233, 252]. 179. 

1334, May 12. — Roll (preserved among the deeds) entitled : 
*' Lassham. Latymer. Recogn[iciones] tarn liberorum quam 
nativorum facte in plena Curia " [Lasham, co. Hants ?]. 

1391, September. — Parchment Roll giving particulars of 
dower assigned to Dame Joan, the late wife of Sir Ralph 
Basset of Draton, in the counties of Lincoln, Nottingham, 
and Leicester. 271 

1418, February.-^Subsidy roll of a Fifteenth of "le Upland 
de Borgh de Sondressh ' in australi parte " [Sundridge, co. 
Kent]. 271 

[1437]. — Book containing copy in English, in a hand of circ. 
1500, of the foundation statutes of the almshouse at Euelme 
[Ewelme, co. Oxford] founded by William Delapole, duke of 
Suffolk, and Alice, his wife. 179 

1490-1. — A bundle of papers relating to suit in Chancery 
between John Jernyngham, esquire, and Isabel, his wife, 
daughter and heiress of Sir Gervase Clifton, knight, and 
daughter of Isabel Scot, widow, the executrix of Sir William 
Scott, knight, on the one part, and John Forster, son of Agnes 
Forster, and Anne, his wife, concerning the manors of Selling 
[Sellinge] and Haryng [Harringe, parish of SeUinge, co. 
Kent], and papers relating to the manors. In petition 
to the Privy Council the plaintiffs state that Isabel Scott 
was married to Sir Gervase at the instance of Cardinal 
Kempe. Inquisition taken after the death of Agnes Morton, 
widow (daughter of Agnes Forster), at Stortford, co. Hert- 
ford, and at Dertford, co. Kent, on 18 June, 1517. Surveys 
and rentals of manor of Sellyng near Horton Monachorum, 
CO. Kent. Papers in an action of trespass, Michaelmas, 1487, 
by Agnes Morton, widow, against John Jernyngham, late of 
London, esquire, Isabel, his wife, Robert Vagge, late of 
Smethe, co. Kent, yeoman, William Heyre, of London, gent., 
and William May, late of Broke, co. Kent, gent., concerning 
lands in Sellyng, Lymen [Lympne], Ostrynghanger [Osten- 
hanger, parish of Stanford], Horton Monachorum [Monks 
Horton], Burghmersshe [Burmarsh], Westhythe [West Hythe], 
and Demechyrche [Dymchurch], co. Kent, whereof Jernyngham 
and his wife claimed that she had disseised them. Judgment 
for plaintiff. 166 

[1500-1600]. — Copies in sixteenth century handwriting of 
grants, etc., relating to the hermitage of St. Leonard in Wilche- 
wode [Wilkswood, parish of LangtorwMatravers, co. Dorset]. 1 74 

[c. 1530]. — Small folio book giving amount parish by parish 
of the goods of inhabitants, number of able men, children 
and unable men in the county of Warwick. 177 



2-84 

[1548]. — Large bundle of draught surveys of chantries in 
CO. Notts. [Certificates of Chantries, Notts, No. 37, PubHc 
Record Office.] 169b 

1576, July 2. — Subsidy roll, about 20 feet long, for the 
Hundred of Hemlingford, co. Warwick. Sir William Deveroux, 
knt., and Edward Aglionbie, esquire. Commissioners, Thomas 
Bracebridge, esq., High Collector appointed by the said Com- 
missioners. 220 

[c. 1580]. — Papers, estreats, etc., relating to the office of 
sheriff of Notts ; charges by Sir Francis Willoughby as justice 
at the Quarter Sessions, noticeable for their Latin quotations 
and for their sententious style ; examinations of witnesses, etc. ; 
notes of readings on various subjects. 20 

1585, November 26. — Contemporary copy of release by 
Sir Francis Willughbie to Sir Christopher Hatton, knight, 
captain of the Queen's guard, of the manor of Langton Wallis 
alias Langton Welshe within the He of Purbecke, co. Dorset. 

166(217) 

1590, Sept. 16.— Roll of " The second band of twoe hundred 
soldiers of the lower division of the Lathe of Sutton at Hoane 
trayned before Sir John Leveson at Sevenoke." Thomas 
Wyllughby, esquire, captain. 177 

1611-31. — A bundle of papers connected with the New- 
foundland venture described in the following journal, including 
letters from Sir Percival Willoughby to John Guy, merchant 
of Bristol ; letters from Bartholomew Pearson and Thomas 
Will from Newfoundland, and from Thomas Rowley of Bristol, 
1619 ; John Brown from Harewood, 1617-20 ; John Slaney ; 
estimates for fitting out the ship, inventories of stores, etc., 
and much other information of interest. The ship left Bristol 
on Sunday, 7 April, 1616, and arrived at Coper's Cove in 
Newfoundland on 8 May, 1616. The papers include an inven- 
tory of goods left with Mr. Thomas Willoughby and his com- 
pany "in the Newefoundelande, the 4 of August, 16 — ," the 
third and fourth figures of the year [1616 ?] being omitted. 24 

1612-13. — A journal of 35 folio pages, entitled " [A] journall 
from the first of September [1612] un[til] the last of Aprill, 

1613, in C[a]pe where the colonic 

is kept." It really extends to May 13, 1613. It gives a full 
account of the voyage, of the country of Newfoundland, the 
contour of its coast-lines as visited by the ship, etc. 24 



285 

Manorial Records (Court Rolls, Accounts, Rentals, 

ETC.). 

1257-8. — Rental of the manor of Sunderesse [Sundridge, 
CO. Kent] and of another manor (heading torn away), 42 
Henry III. 170 

1289-90.— Rolls of the Hundred of Hoo [co. Kent]. One 
court is called " Hundredum de Lagedey," i.e., Lawday. 174 

1293-4. — Court Rolls (pleas, assizes of bread, etc.) of Eyles- 
ford [Aylesford, co. Kent], consisting of seven rolls, decayed 
at commencement, 22 Edward I. (292) 

1294-5, 1295-6.— Court Rolls of the manor of Toueton, 
Thoutton [Towton, co. Notts], 23, 24 Edward I. (in an un- 
numbered bundle). 

1296-7, 1297-8.— Court Rolls (pleas of debts), six rolls, in 
excellent condition, of Burgham [Burham], co. Kent, 25, 26 
Edward I. (292) 

1296-7. — Court Rolls (pleas, assize of bread, etc.) of Eyles- 
ford [Aylesford, co. Kent], four rolls, 25 Edward I. (292) 

1297-8. — Court Roll (pleas, assizes of bread, etc.) ofEyles- 
ford [Aylesford, co. Kent], consisting of nine rolls, in good 
preservation, 26 Edward I. (292) 

1302-3. — Account of bailiff of Feme [The Vern, parish of 
Bodenham, co. Hereford], 30 Edward I. 205 

1302-3. — Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. Warwick], 
31 Edward I. 194 

1305-6. — Court Rolls (pleas, assize of bread, etc.) "in Burgo 
de Eylesford et Hundredo de Larkefeud " [Aylesford and 
Larkfield Hundred, co. Kent], eight rolls, 34 Edward I. (292) 

1305-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. 
Warwick], 34 Edward I. 194 

1307-8. — Court Rolls (pleas, assize of bread, etc.) of Eylesford 
[Aylesford, co. Kent], one roll, 1 Edward II. (292) 

1307-8 to 1310-11.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton 
[CO. Warwick], 1 to 4 Edward II. 194 

1311-12, 1312-13.— Court Rolls {curia et Lagheday, etc.) 
of Eylesford [Avlesford, co. Kent], nine rolls, 5, 6 Edward II. 

(292) 

1312-13. — Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. 
Warwick], 6 Edward II. 194 



286 

1315-16 to 1317-18.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton 
[CO. Warwick], 9 to 11 Edward II, 194 

1317-18 to 1321-2.— Court Rolls of Tamworth Castle, 11 
to 15 Edward II. 197 

[c. 1325.]. — Rental of Hever Brocas and Hever Cobliam 
[CO. Kent]. 174 

1326-7.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. War- 
wick], 20 Edward II. 194 

[1327-1377]. — Rental of the manor of Carlton-on-Trent 
[CO. Notts], temp. Edward III. 170 

1327-8 to 1330-1.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton 
[CO. Warwick], 1 to 4 Edward III. 194 

1328-9, 1329-30.— Court Rolls of the manors of Opton 
[Upton Gray, co. Hants] and Toneworth [Tunworth, co. 
Hants], Richard de Grey, 2, 3 Edward III. 173 (123) 

1329-30, 1330-1.— Court Rolls of the manor of Ernhale 
[Arnold, co. Notts], 3, 4 Edward III. (278) 

1331-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Ryseley [Risley, co. 
Derby], 5 Edward III., name of lord not given. 169 

1332-3 to 1338-9.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton 
[co. Warwick], 10 to 12 Edward III. 194 

1340-1, 1341-2.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. 
Warwick], 14-15 Edward III. 194 

1340-1, 1343-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Calverton [co. 
Notts], 14, 17 Edward III. 220 

1343-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Ryseley [Risley, co. 
Derby], 17 Edward III. 169 

1345-6, 1346-7. — Bailiff's account of the manor of Fern 
[The Vern, parish of Bodenham, co. Hereford], Baldwin de 
Frevill, 19, 20 Edward HI. 166 (217) 

1346-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. War- 
wick], 20 Edward III. 194 

1347-8. — Court Rolls of the manors of Chetulton [Cheddle- 
ton, CO. Stafford] and Forde [Ford, co. Stafford], 21 Edward 
III. (276) 

1349-50. — Court Rolls of the manor of Bradmere [Bradmore, 
CO. Notts], 23 Edward III. (290) 

1351-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. War- 
wick], 25 Edward III. 194 



287 

1353-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Crownest [co. Worcester], 
Bartholomew de Frevill, 27 Edward IIT. 173 (123) 

1353-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Brianeston[Bryanston, 
CO. Dorset], 27 Edward III. 173 (123) 

1355-6, 1356-7.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond 
[CO. Dorset], 29, 30 Edward III. 164 

1358-9. — Manorial account of La Feme [The Vem, parish ^ 
of Bodenham, co. Hereford], Freville family, 32 Edward 
III. 170 

1359-60. — Court Rolls of the manor of Bradmere [Bradmore, 
CO. Notts], Sir Richard de Wilughby, 33 Edward III. (290) 

1361-2. — Visus Compoti of baiUff of Sir Baldwin de Frevill ^ 
for his manor of Feren [The Vern, co. Hereford], from 
Michaelmas, 35 Edward III, until St. Ambrose following. 

205 

1363-4.— Court Roll of the manor of Middleton [co. Warwick], 

37 Edward III. 194 

1364-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Bradmere [co. Notts], 

38 Edward III. (290) 

1366-7, 1367-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Kirtelington 
[Kirklington, co. Notts], John de Bella Aqua, 40, 41 Edward 
III. 173 (123) 

1368-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Marnham [co. Notts], 
42 Edward III. (278) 

1368-9. — Court Rolls of the manors of Bradeford and La 
Feme [The Vern, co. Hereford], 42 Edward III. 173 (123) 

1368-9, 1369-70.— Court Roll of the manor of Crownest 
[CO. Worcester], Baldwin Frevill, 42, 43 Edward III. 173 (123) 

1370-1, 1371-2.— Court Rolls of the manors of Bradeford 
and La Feme [The Vern, co. Hereford], 44, 45 Edward 
III. 173(123) 

1370-1, 1372-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Toueton 
[Towton, CO. Notts], 44, 46 Edward III. (in an unnumbered 
bundle). 

1371-2, — Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. 
Warwick]. 45 Edward III. 194 

1372-3 Sept. 30 to Sept. 30.— Account of Robert Tibben, 
Reeve of Middleton [co. Warwick]. 236 



288 

1375-6 1376-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Barton [co. 
Notts] 49-50 Edward TIT. 185 

1376-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Smallwood [Cheshirel 
50 Edward III. 169b 

1376-7. — Account of John Dibbene, bailiff of Midilton [co. 
Warwick]. 220 

1376-7 1377-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby- 
on-the Wolds [co. Notts.] 50, 51 Edward III. 177 (175) 

1377. — Court Rolls of the manor of Staunton, Schelton 
[Shelton], and Thurverton [Thoroton, all co. Notts], Prior of 
Haverholm, 51 Edward III. 173 (123) 

1377-8 1378-9.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby- 
on-the- Wolds [co. Notts], 1, 2 Richard II. 177 (175) 

1377-8 to 1399. — Court Rolls of the manors of Wambroke, 
Wynterborn Kyngeston, Wynterborn Selston, Bloxworth, 
Mapelerton, Longton Walysh, and Wodelond [co. Dorset] 
for various years of the reign of Richard II. 179 

1377-8 to 1412-13.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wyverton 
(Sir John Leek, Knt., et socii), including fines of CrophuU 
Bishop and Crophull Boteler, Tytheby, Berneston, Langar, 
Colston Basset, and Bingham [co. Notts], for divers years of 
the reigns of Richard IT. and Henry IV. 176 

1378-9 Michaelmas to Michaelmas. — Account of John Colet, 
reeve of Middilton [co. Warwick]. 220 

1378-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. 
Warwick], 2 Richard II. 194 

1380-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Barton [co. Notts], 
4 Richard II. 185 

1380-1, 1382-3, 1385-6, 1387-8 to 1389-90, 1391-2, 1393-4, 
1394-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Toueton [Towton, co. 
Notts], 4, 6, 9, 11 to 13, 15, 17, 18 Richard II. (in an 
unnumbered bundle). 

1381-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 5 Richard II. 177 (175) 

1382-3, 1383-4.— Court Rolls of the manors of Bayvill 
[Bayvill, co. Pembroke] and Moldgrove [Moylgrove, co. 
Pembroke], 6, 7 Richard II. 173 (123) 

1382-3 to 1391-2.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wynterborne 
Kyngeston [co. Dorset], 6 to 15 Richard II. 166 (218) 



289 

1383-4. — Court Rolls of the manors of Staunton, Shelton, 
and Thurverton [Thoroton, all co Notts], prior of Haverholm, 
7 Richard II. 173 (123) 

1384-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Winterbome Kingston 
[CO. Dorset], 8 Richard II. 166 (217) 

1385-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 9 Richard II. 177 (175) 

1385-6.— Court Rolls of Sir Hugh de Wyllughby's manor 
of Ryseley [Risley, co. Derby], 9 Richard TI. 169 

1385-6 to 1387-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton 
[co. Warwick], 9-11 Richard II. 194 

1386-7, 1387-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Barton [co. 
Notts], 10, 11 Richard II. 185 

1387-8.— Court Rolls of Sir Hugh de Willughby's manor of 
Risley [co. Derby], 11 Richard II. 169 

1389-90. — ^Account of Thomas de Stainforth, bailiff of the j 
manor of Sir John de Lowdham, knt., at Riby [co. Lincoln], 
from Michaelmas to Michaelmas. 220 

1389-90. — Court Rolls of the manor of Smallwood [co. 
Chester], 13 Richard II. 169b 

1389-90.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [co. Notts], 17 Richard II. 177 (175) 

1389-90, 1390-1.— Court Rolls of Sir Hugh Willughby's 
manor of Risley [co. Derby], 13, 14 Richard II. 169 

1390. — Rental of the manor of Wodelond [co. Dorset]. 174 

1390-1.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. 
Warwick], 14 Richard II, 194 

1390-1, 1391-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Barton [co. 
Notts], 14, 15 Richard II. 185 

1390-1, 1391-2, 1392-3, 1393-4, Sept. 30 to Sept. 30.— 
Accounts of Dame Joan de Bracebrugge of receipts and \J 
expenditure from Kynnesbury [Kingsbury, co. Warwick], 
Wraby [Wrawby, co. Lincoln], Beseling Thorp [Buslingthorpe, 
CO. Lincoln], WeHgovere, [Wellingore, co. Lincoln], Brace- 
brugg [Bracebridge, co. Lincoln], Wylmyncote [Wilncote, co. 
Warwick], Newton, Walshelond, Barleye, [cf. Calendarium 
In^uisitionum 'post Mortem, iii., p. 261, no. 32J. 220 

M 19 



290 

1391. — Rental of Wynterborne Belet [co. Dorset]. 174 

V 1392-3. — Account of Robert Prowre, reeve of Wodeland [co. 
Dorset]. 220 

V. 1392-3. — Account of William Jones, reeve of Middulton 
[CO. Warwick]. 220 

1392-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. 
Warwick], 16 Richard II. 194 

1392-3, 1393-4.— Court Rolls of the manor of Winterborne 
Kingston [co. Dorset], 16, 17 Richard II. 166 (217) 

1393-4.— Court Roll of Cossall [co. Notts], 17 Richard 
II. 220 

1393-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wynterbourne Muster- 
ton alias Musterton [co. Dorset], 17 Richard II. 166 (217) 

v 1393-4. — Account of John Elys of Mydulton [co. Warwick], 
collector there. 220 

1393-4, 1397-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Barton 
[CO. Notts], 17-21 Richard II. 185 

1394-5. — Grange account (Exitus Grangii) for Marston and 
Lee [CO. Warwick]. 220 

^ 1394-5, 1395-6, Michaelmas to Michaelmas. — Account of 
Thomas de Lee, bailiff of Marston and Le Lee [co. Warwick]. 

220 

1395-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. Warwick], 
19 Richard II. 194 

1395-6.— Court Roll of the Hundred of Knolton [co. Dorset], 
19 Richard II. 164 

1395-6, 1396-7, 1397-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wil- 
loughby-on-the-Wolds [co. Notts], 19, 20, 21 Richard II. 

177(175) 

1395-6 to 1399-1400.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wyn- 
terborne Musterton alias Musterton [co. Dorset], 19 Richard 
II. to 1 Henry IV. 166 (217) 

1396-7.— Court Rolls of the manor of Stawell, 20 Richard 
n. 173 (123) 

1396-7.— Roll of paper of the "Magna Curia" of James 
Foljaumbe at Northecarleton [North Carlton, co. Notts], 20 
Richard II. 169 



291 

1396-7. — Account of Geoffrey Monelond, reeve of Dame Joan 
de Basset, of the third part of the manor of Taustok, including 
farm of the fishery of (the River) Taw [Tawstock, co. 
Devon]. 220 

1396-7, Michaelmas to Michaelmas. — Account of John 
Provour, reeve of Wodelond [co. Dorset]. 220 

1397-8. — Account of William Jones, reeve of Middulton 
[co. Warwick]. 220 

1397-8. — Account of Thomas de le Lee, rent-collector of 
Middelton, Marston, and La Lee [co. Warwick]. 220 

1398-9. — Account of William Jones, reeve of Middulton [co. 
Warwick]. 220 

1398-9. — Court Roll of the manors of Dunham, Drayton, 
Markham, Grynnelay [Gringley],and Thrumpston [Thrumpton, 
all CO. Notts], John le Scrop, 22 Richard XL 173 (123) 

1399-1400. — Account of John Cowper, reeve of Middulton 
[CO. Warwick]. 220 

1399-1400 to 1410-11.— Court Rolls of the manor of Small- 
wood [CO. Chester], 1 to 12 Henry IV. 169b 

1399-1440 to 1412-13.— Manorial accounts of Middelton 
[co. Warwick] for various- years of the reign of Henry IV. 1 70 

1399 to 1413. — Manorial account of Woodland [co. Dorset], 
for various years of the reign of Henry IV. 170 

1399-1400 to 1412-13.— Court Rolls of the manor of Cos- 
sington [co. Leicester], for various years of the reign of 
Henry IV. 176 

1399-1400 to 1483.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton 
[co. Warwick] for various years of the reigns of Henry IV., 
V. and VI. and Edward IV. 194 

1400 to 1600.— Terriers of Knolton [co. Dorset] in the 15th 
and 16th centuries. 174 

1400-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wynterborn Seleston 
[Winterborne Zelston, co. Dorset], 2 Henry V., William 
Fillol. 166 (214) 

1401-2. — Rental of Wynterborne Relet [Winterborne 
Steepleton, co. Dorset]. 174 

1400-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Barton [co. Notts], 
2 Henry IV. 185 



^ 



292 

1400-1, 1402-3.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of Upwym- 
boume, Wymboume Plecy, and Wymbourne Gyles [co. Dorset], 
2, 4 Henry IV. 174 

1401-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Bradmere [co. Notts], 
3 Henry IV. (290) 

1401-2.— Court Rolls of Toueton [Toton, co. Notts], 3 
Henry IV. 170 

1401-2. — Court RoUs of the manor of Kyngeston[co. Dorset], 
John Govys, 3 Henry IV. 166 (214) 

/ 1402-3. — ^Manorial account of Longeton [Long Eaton, co. 

Derby], 4 Henry IV. 170 

1402-3, 1404-5.— Court Rolls of the manor of Toueton 
[Toton, CO. Notts], 4 to 6 Henry IV. (in an unnumbered 
bundle). 

1402-3, 1404-5.— Court Rolls of Sir HughWHlughby's manor 
of Risley [co. Derby], 4-6 Henry IV. 169 

1403-4, 1404-5.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby- 
on-the-Wolds [co. Notts], 4-6 Henry IV. 177 (175) 

1404-5 — Court Rolls of the manor of Mapurley [Mapperley, 
parish of Kirk Hallam, co. Derby], 6 Henry IV. 173 (123) 

1404-5. — Court Roll of the manor of Kyngeston[co. Dorset], 
John Govys, 6 Henry IV. 166 (214) 

1404-5 to 1431-2. — Court rolls of the manor of Wynterborne 
Relet [Winterborne Steepleton, co. Dorset], William Filol and 
Joan, his wife, daughter and heiress of John Frome (in earlier 
rolls), 6 Henry IV. to 10 Henry VI. 166 (214) 

1405-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Chetulton [Cheddleton, 
CO. Stafford], 7 Henry IV. (276) 

1405-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Winterborne King- 
ston [CO. Dorset], 7 Henry IV. 166 (217) 

J 1406-7. — Manorial account of Willoughby, Bradmer and 
Carlton near Nottingham [all co. Notts] 8 Henry IV. 170 

1406-7.— Court Rolls of Sir Hugh de Willughby's manor of 
Risley [CO. Derby], 8 Henry IV. 169 

1406-7 to 1410-11.— Court Rolls of the manor of Barton 
[CO. Notts], 8 to 12 Henry IV. 185 



293 

1407-8. — Court Rolls of the manor of Bradmere [co. Notts], 
9 Henry IV. (290) 

1407-8. — Manorial account of Marnham [co. Notts], 9 
Henry IV. 170 

1407-8 to 1409-10 —Court Rolls of the manor of Winter- 
borne Musterton [co. Dorset], 9 to 11 Henry IV. 166 (217) 

1408. — Rental of Kingston Lacy [co. Dorset], 174 

1408-9, 1409-10.— Court Rolls of the manor of Blokkes- 
worth [CO. Dorset], John Wodeham, 10, 11 Henry IV. 166(214) 

1408-9 to 1410-11.— Court Rolls of the manor of Chetulton 
[Cheddleton, co. Stafford], 10 to 12 Henry IV. (276) 

1409-10. — Manorial account of Marketoverton [co. Rutland], ' 
11 Henry IV. 170 

1409-10 to 1412-13.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond 
[CO. Dorset], 11 to 14 Henry IV. 164 

1410-11 to 1426-7.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton 
[CO. Dorset], 12 to 14 Henry IV., 1 to 5 Henry V. 164 

1411-12. — Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton Coldfield [co. 
Warwick], 13 Henry IV. 194 (230) 

1411-12, 1412-13.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby- 
on-the-Wolds [co. Notts], 13, 14 Henry IV. 177 (185) 

1412-13. — Court Rolls of the.manorof Winterborne Kingston 
[co. Dorset], John Moigne, knight, WilUam FilloJ, and four 
others, 14 Henry IV. 166 (217) 

1413-14. — Court Rolls of Erdyngton[Erdington,co. Warwick], 
Countess of Warwick, 1 Henry V. (291) 

1413-14 to 1419-20.— Court Rolls of the manor of Toueton 
[Towton, CO. Notts], 1 to 7 Hemy V. (in an unnumbered 
bundle). 

1413-14 to 1471. — Court Rolls of the manor of Gunthorpe 
and Loudham [co. Notts], for various years of the reigns of 
Henry V. and VI. 176 

1414-15. — Court Rolls of the manor of Dunsby [co. Lincoln], 
2 Henry V. 176 

1414-15. — Court Rolls of the manor of Blokkesworth [co. 
Dorset], 2 Henry V. 166 (214) 



294 

1414-15 to 1416-17.— Court Roils of the manor of Sutton 
Coldfield [co. Warwick], 3 to 4 Henry V. 194 (230) 

1416-17. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wynterborne Seleston 
[co. Dorset], 4 Henry V. 166 (214) 

1416-17. — Court Rolls of the manor of Barton [co. Notts], 
4 Henry V. 185 

1416-17, 1417-18.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby- 
on-the- Wolds [co. Notts], 4, 5 Henry V. 177 (175) 

1416-17 to 1421-2.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond 
[co. Dorset], 4 to 9 Henry V. 164 

1417-18. — Court Rolls of the manor of Erdington [co. 
Warwick], Countess of Warwick, 5 Henry V. (291) 

1417-18. — Court Rolls of the manor of Blokkesworth [co. 
Dorset], 5 Henry V. 166 (214) 

1417-18, 1418-19.— Account of Notts estates of Willoughby 
family, 5, 6 Henry V. 220 

1418-19 to 1421-2. — Court Roils of the manor of Wynterborne 
Seleston [co. Dorset], 6 to 9 Henry V. 166 (214) 

1419. — Roll containing extents of the castles, manors and 
lands of the heir of Baldwin Frevyll, knight, made at Tham- 
worth by six men appointed for this purpose by Thomas Ferres 
and Elizabeth, his wife, Baldwin's eldest sister and co-heiress, 
Roger de Aston, knight, guardian of Roberb, son and heir 
of Joyce (Jocosa), sister of the said Elizabeth, and Hugh 
Wyllughby and Margery, his wife, the third heiress. 
Lengthy particulars are given of land, etc., in Tam worth, 
Waverton (Warton), Stipreshull [co. Warwick], Yatesbury 
[co. Wilts], Middelton [co. Warwick], Gunthorp, Cathorp, and 
Loudham [co. Notts]. 

1419-20. — Court Roils of the manor of Kyngeston Wynter- 
bourn [co. Dorset], William Bydyk, 7 Henry V. 166 (214) 

1419-20, 1420-1.— Rentals of Sondresshe [Sundridge], co. 
Kent, 7, 8 Henry V., with two or three undated sixteenth 
century accounts of that manor^ 163 

1419-20. — Court Rolls of the manor of Blokkesworth [co. 
Dorset], 7 Henry V. 166 (214) 

[c. 1420]. — Long rental (beginning lost) of Waverton (Warton). 
Middelton, Heneley [co. Warwick] and Gunthorp [co. Notts]. 
According to a sixteenth century endorsement it is *'A terri- 



295 

torye of all Sir Baldwyn Frevyll's lands . . . dated 15 
{sic) Henrici Quinti.^^ 

1420-1.— Court Rolls of Eylesford [Aylesford, co. Kent], 
Richard de Grey, 8 Henry V. (292) 

1420-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond [co. Dorset], 
8 Henry V. 164 

1421-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Winterborne Turber- 
vileston [co. Dorset], 9 Henry V. 166(217) 

1421-2 to 1425-6.— Court Rolls of the Hundred {Hundredum 
legale) of Knolton [co. Dorset], and (occasionally) view of 
frankpledge there, 9, 10 Henry V., 1 to 4 Henry VI. 164 

1421-2. — Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton [co. Dorset], 
9-10 Henry V. 

1421-2 to 1422-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Erdington 
[co. Warwick], Countess of Warwick, 9 Henry V, 1 Henrv 
VI. (291) 

1422. — Court Roll of the manors of Dunham, Drayton, 
Markliam, Grynnelay, and Thrumpston [all co. Notts], 10 
Henry V. 173(123) 

1422-3. — Manorial account of Dunesby [co. Lincoln], 1, 2 
Henry VI. 170 

1422-3. — Court Rolls of the manor of Erdington [co. Warwick], 
Countess of Warwick, 3 Henry VI. (291) 

1422-3. — Court Rolls of the manors of Br aundon [Brandon, 
parish of Wolston, co. Warwick], with the tithings of Thur- 
laston [parish of Dunchurch, co. Warwick], Bretford [parish 
of Wolston, CO. Warwick], and Calcott [Calcutt, parish of 
Grandborough, co. Warwick], 1 Henry VI. 194 (228) 

1422-1423.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond [co. 
Dorset], 10 Henry V., 1 Henry VI. 164 

1422-3, 1423-4.— Court Rolls of the manor of Winterborne 
Musterton [co. Dorset], 1, 2 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1422-3 to 1424-5.— Court Rolls of the manor of Blokkes- 
worth [co. Dorset], 1-3 Henry VI. 166 (214) 

1422-3 to 1428-9. -Court Rolls of the manor of Langton 
Walysshe [Langton Wallis, parish of Langton Matravers, co. 
Dorset], 1 to 7 Henry V. 166 (217) 



296 

1422-3 to 1428-9.— Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton 
Coldfield [co. Warwick], 1 to 7 Henry VI. 194 (230) 

1422-3 to 1432-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond 
[co. Dorset], 1 to 11 Henry VI. 164 

1422-3 to 1436-7.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wynterborne 
Seleston [co. Dorset], 1 to 15 Henry VI., including a rental 
for 1433-4. The manor is called Wynterbourne Mawreward 
alias Wynterbourne Seleston in the rolls for the 13th, 14th 
and 15th years. 166 (214) 

1422-3 to 1471. — Manorial accounts of Towton [co. Notts] 
for various years of the reign of Henry VI. 170 

1422-3 to 1471. — Court Rolls for the manors of Wambroke, 
Wynterborn Kyngeston, Wynterborn Seleston, Mapelerton, 
Langton Walysh, and Wodelond [co. Dorset] for various years 
of the reign of Henry VI. 179 

1422-3 to 1471. — ^Manorial accounts of Winterborne Selston, 
Winterborne Kingston, Mapelerton, East and West Mordon, 
Bloxworth, Stocle, Winterborne Musterston alias Winterborne 
Turbervyle, Whitchurch, Doddyngbyre, Lychet Minster, South- 
combe, Lytelheryngeston, Winterborne Belet, Winterborne 
Heryngeston, Langeton Herynge, Westchekerell, Wambroke, 
Kingston Lacy, Knolton Hundred, Langeton Walyssh, and 
Wodelond [all co. Dorset], for various years of Henry VI. 170 

1422 to 1471. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wimeswold [co. 
Leicester] for various years of the reign of Henry VI. 176 

1422-3 to 1471, 1485 to 1509. — Manorial accounts of various 
years tempp. Henry VI. and VII. of Knolton Hundred, and 
Winterborne Mawreward alias Selston, Mapelerton Gonevyle 
and Fillol, Woodland, Bloxworth, Hadyngton, Langton 
Herring, East and West Morden, Mustereston, Doddyngbyre, 
West Chikerell, Lychefc Mynstre, Fayrewode, Kingston juxta 
Byre, Whytchirche, Bredsale [all co. Dorset]. 

1422-3 to 1471. — Manorial accounts of Middleton [co. 
Warwick] for various years of the reign of Henry VI. 170 

1422-3 to 1471. — Manorial accounts of Middleton [co. 
Warwick] for various years of the reign of Henry IV. 170 

1422-3 to 1603. — Summary of bailiffs' accounts for the 
manors, etc., of Nottingham, Radford, Gunthorpe, Lowdham, 
Woodborough, Wollaton, Cossall, Bilborough, Estwood, 
Willoughby-on-the- Wolds, and Bradmore [all co. Notts] ; 
Middleton, Wykyn, and Wylmecote [co. Warwick]; Dunysbye, 
Wygtoft [co. Lincoln] ; Coddenor, Langley, Heynor [co. Derby] ; 



297 

Cosyngton, Wymyswold [co, Leicester], for various years of 
the reigns of Henry VI., Edward IV., Henry VII. and VIII., 
Edward VI., Philip and Mary, and Elizabeth. 170 

1424-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Dunsby [co. Lincoln], 
3 Henry VI. 176 

1424-5. — Court Rolls of the manors of Dunham, Drayton, 
Markham, Grynnelay, and Thrumpston [all co. Notts], " Curia 
HenriciPercy Dathell [= Atholl], militis," 3 Henry VI. 173 (123) 

1424-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Barton [co. Notts], 

3 Henry VI. 185 

1425-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Ightham [co. Kent], 

4 Henry VI. 174 

1425-6 to 1426-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Winterborne 
Musterton [co. Dorset], 4, 5 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1426-7. — Manorial account for Swaneseye [co. Glamorgan] 

5 Henry VL 170 

1426-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Blokkesworth [co. 
Dorset]. 166 (214) 

1427-8. — Court Roll of the manor of " Marshalls apud le 
Haycros, " belonging to Henry Barton, citizen and alderman 
of London," 6 Henry VI. 173 (123) 

1427-8 to 1430-1.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton 
[co. Dorset] and (occasionally) of the view of frankpledge 
there, 6 to 9 Henry VI. 164 

1428-9.—Bailiffs' account for Medilton, 6 Henry VI. 205 

1428-9 to 1438-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Langeton 
Heryng [co. Dorset], 7 to 17 Henry VL 166 (218) 

1429-30 to 1431-2. — ^Manorial accounts of Dunesby [co. 
Lincoln], 8, 9, 10 Henry VI. 170 

1430-1. — Rental of the abbey of Burnham in the towns of 
Burnham, Bakenesfelde [Beaconsfield], Westonne, Tappelewe, 
Dorney, Boveney [parish of Burnham], Eton Wyke, Estburn- 
liam and Cyppenham [parish of Burnham, all co. Bucks], 
9 Henry VI. 170 

1430-1. — Court Rolls of the manors of Dunham, Drayton 
Markham, Grynnelay, and Thrumpston [all co. Notts], 
" Curia Henrici Percy Dathell, militis," 9 Henry VI. 173 (123) 

1430-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Erdington [co.Warwick], 
Countess of Warwick, 9 Henry VI. (291) 



298 

1430-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Winterborne Muster- 
ton [CO. Dorset], 9 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1431-2. — Rental of the manor of Kinsbury [Kingsbury, co. 
Warwick], 10 Henry VI. 197 

1431-2. — Account of Richard Thornett, receiver of 
Ehzabeth, lady de Grey [of Codnor],^ of all her lordships, from 
30 October, 10 Henry VI, for one year. Receipts from 
baiUifs, etc., of Benyfeld [Benefield, co. Northampton] ; 
Castelbitham [co. Lincoln], Swynsted [Swinstead, co. Lincoln], 
Corby [co. Lincoln], South Withom [co. Lincoln], Cheylehalie 
[Cheal, parish of Gosberton, co. Lincoln];- Wafeld; Sapcote 
and Stanton [co. Leicester], Langwath [Lang with, co. Derby], 
Metyngham [Metheringham, co. Lincoln], Chedell [co. 
Stafford], amounting in all to lOSl. 5s. Ohd. 205 

1431-2 to 1432-3. — Bailiff's accounts of the manors of Lange- 
ton Heryng, Westchykerell and Podyngton [Putton, parish of* 
West Chickerell], Stokle, Lytelheryngeston, Wambroke, Fayre- 
wode [all co. Dorset], 10, 11 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1432-3 to 1433-4. — Fermors' accounts for the manors of 
Blokkesworth, Estmorden, Mustereston, Southecombe, Mapel- 
erton, Westmorden, Lychett Mynstre, Doddyngbyre, Lange- 
ton Heryng, Westchykerell, Stokle, Fayrewode, Kyngeston 
juxta Byre, Wynterborne Seleston and Knolton Hundred [all 
CO. Dorset], Sir William Cheyne, Chief Justice of the King's 
Bench, 11, 12 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1432-3 to 1433-4,— Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton 
Goldfield [co. Warwick], 11, 12 Henry VI. 194(230) 

1432-3 to 1433-4.— Court Rolls of the manor of Winterborne 
Musterton [co. Dorset], 11, 12 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1432-3 to 1436-7. Court Roll of the manor of Wodelond [co. 
Dorset], baiHff's account of the same, and Court Roll of the 
Hundred of Knolton [co. Dorset], 11 to 15 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1432-3 to 1436-7.— Court Roll of the manor of Wynterborne 
Belet [Winterborne Steepleton, co. Dorset], 11 to 15 Henry VI. 

166 (214) 

1432-3 to 1437-8.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton 
[co. Dorset] and (occasionally) of the view of frankpledge there, 
11 to 16 Henry VI. 164 

1433-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Erdington [co. 
Warwick], 12 Henry VI. (291) 

1433-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Carleton-upon-Trent 
[CO. Notts], 12 Henry VI. 169 

1 See Dugdale, Baronage, i, pp. 382 b, 711b. 



299 

1433-4. — Bailiffs' accounts of the manors of Langeton 
Heryng, Westchykerell and Podyngton [Putton, parish of 
West Chickerell], Stokle, Lytelheryngeston, Wambroke, and 
Fayrewode [all co. Dorset], John Fillol, 12, 13 Henry 
VI. 166 (217) 

1433-4. — Bailiff's accounts of the manors of Biokkesworth, 
Seleston, Estmorden, Mustereston [Winterborne Musterton, 
parish of Bere Regis], Southecombe, Mapelerton, Westmorden, 
Lychett Mynstre, Doddyngbyre [all co. Dorset], John Fillol, 
12, 13 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1434-5. — Manorial account of Peryton (Periton, parish of 
Mineh ;ad, co. Somerset], 13 Henry VI. Endorsed in slightly 
later hand with a long list of tenants in divers villages in 
CO. Leicester. 170 

1434-5 — Rental of Dunnesby [Dunsby, co. Lincoln], Sir 
Hugh Wyllughby, Knt., 13 Henry VI. 220 

1434-5. — Rentals of John Fillol's estates in co. Dorset. 174 

1434-5. — Court Roll of Aylesford [co. Kent], Sir Richard de 
Grey, 13 Henry VI. (292) 

1434-5 to 1435-6. — Manorial account of Evynton [Evington, 
CO. Leicester], 13, 14 Henry VI. 170 

1434-5 to 1435-6. — Bailiff's account of the manor of Wode- 
lond [Woodlands, co. Dorset], 13, 14 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1434-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Mapelerton [Mapper- 
ton, CO. Dorset], John Filoll, esquire, 13 Henry VI. 166(214) 

1434-5, 1435-6. — Bailiff's account of the manor of Langeton 
Walysshe [co. Dorset], 13, 14 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1434-5 to 1438-9.— Court Rolls of the manor of Bloxworth 
[co. Dorset], John Fillol, 13 to 17 Henry VI. 166 (218) 

1435-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Kinsbury [Kingsbury, 
CO. Warwick], 13 Henry VI. 197 

1435-6 to 1452-3.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of Upwym- 
bourne [co. Dorset], 14 to 31 Henry VI. 174 

1435-6. — Manorial account of Middleton [co. Warwick], 
21 Henry VI. 220 

1436-7, 1437-8. — Manorial account of Dunesby [co. Lincoln], 
15, 16 Henry VI. 170 



300 

1437-8 to 1439-40.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wynter- 
borne Seleston alias Wynterbourne Mawreward [Winterborne 
Zelston, CO. Dorset], 16 to 18 Henry VI. 164 

1438-9, 1439-40.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby- 
on-the-Wolds [co. Notts], 17, 18 Henry VI. 177 (175) 

1438-9, 1439-40.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wynter- 
borne Relet [co. Dorset], 17, 18 Henry VI. 166 (214) 

1438-9 to 1440. — Accounts of feoffees of Thomas, late 
Lord de Roos, 17, 18, 19 Henry VI. 170 

1439-40, 1440-1.— Court Rolls of the manor of Stawell, 
18, 19 Henry VI. 173 (123) 

1439-40, 1440-1.- Court Rolls of the manor of Chedyngton 
Burghershe [co. Kent], 18, 19 Henry VI. 174 

1439-40 to 1441-2.— Court Rolls of the manor of Mapeler- 
ton [Mapperton, co. Dorset], John Fillol, esquire, 18 to 20 
Henry VI. 166 (214) 

1439-40 to 1449-50.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton 
[co. Dorset] and (occasionally) of the view of frankpledge 
there. 164 

1440, November. — Rental of the lands of Dame Margaret 
Wylughby in Lenton and Radford [co. Notts]. 38 

1440-1 to 1447-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Bloxworth 
[CO. Dorset], 19 to 26 Henry VI. 166 (218) 

1441-2 to 1446-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wynter borne 
Relet [CO. Dorset], 20 to 25 Henry VI. 166 (214) 

1441-2 to 1447-8, 1451-2.— Court Rolls of the manor of 
South CHfton [co. Notts], 20-26, 30 Henry VI. (290) 

1441-2 to 1453-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wynterborne 
Seleston alias Wynterbourne Mawreward [WinterlDorno Zel- 
ston, CO. Dorset], 20 to 32 Henry VI. 164 

1442-3. — Court Rolls of the manor of Sondresshe [Sundridge, 
CO. Kent], 21 Henry VI. 174 

1443. — Rental of John Feld at Staundon, co. Hertford, 
Michaelmas, 22 Henry VI. 166 

1443-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Mapelerton[co. Dorset], 
22 Henry VI. 166 (214) 

1445-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Mapelerton[co. Dorset] 
24 Henry VI. 166 (214) 



301 

1445-6, 1446-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Langeton 
Heryng [co. Dorset], feoffees of John Fyllol, 24, 25 Henry 
VI. 166 (218) 

1447-8. — Court Rolls of the manor of Staunton [co. Notts], 
26 Henry VI. 173 (123) 

1447-8. — Court Rolls of the manor of Bradmere [co. Notts], 
26 Henry VI. (290) 

1447-8. — Court Roll of the manor of Kinsbury [Kingsbury, 
CO. Warwick], 26 Henry VI. (197) 

1447-8 to 1449-50. — Court Rolls of the manor of Mapelerton 
[CO. Dorset], 26 to 28 Henry VI. 166 (214) 

1448-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Stawell, 27 Henry 
VI. 173 (123) 

1449-50 to 1452-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Bloxworth 
[CO. Dorset], 28 to 31 Henry VI. 166 (218) 

1449-50 to 1452-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wynter- 
borne Belet [co. Dorset], 28 to 31 Henry VI. " Confeoffees " 
of John Fillol. 166 (214) 

1450-1 to 1453-r4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Mapelerton 
[Mapperton, co. Dorset], feoffees of John Fillol, 29 to 82 
Henry VI. 166 (213) 

1450-1 to 1453-4, 1458-9.— Court Rolls of the manor of 
Marnham [co. Notts], 29 to 32, 37 Henry VI. (278) 

1451-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton-upon-Trent 
[CO. Notts], Bartram Herbottell, 30 Henry VI. (290) 

1451-2. — Bailiff's account of the manors of Mapelerton 
Gonevyle and Fillol [co. Dorset], 30-31 Henry VI. 166(217) 

1451-2, 1452-3. — Bailiff's accounts of the manors of Blokkes- 
worth, Estmorden, Westmorden, Lychett Mynstre, Doddyng- 
byre, Westchykerell and Podyngton, Stokle, Lytelheryngeston, 
Fayrewode, Kyngeston juxta Byre, Wynterborne Heryng, 
Wynterborne Belet, Mottecombe and Gylyngliam,Whytchurche, 
Wynterborne Mustereston alias Wynterborne Turbervyleston 
[all CO. Dorset], John Fillol, 30-31 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1451-2 to 1453-4.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton 
[co. Dorset] and (occasionally) of the view of frankpledge 
there, 30 to 32 Henry VI. 164 

1451-2 to 1454-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond 
[CO. Dorset], 30 to 33 Henry VI. X64 



302 

1451-2 to 1459-60. — Court Rolls of the manor of Langton 
Walysshe [co. Dorset], " confeoffees " of John Fillol, 30 to 
38 Henry V. 166 (217) 

1452-3. — ^Manorial account of Renneslegh [Reinsleigh, 
parish of Penshurst, co. Kent], 31 Henry VI. 170 

1452-3. — Manorial account of Gaddesby [co. Leicester], 
31 Henry VI. 170 

1452-3, 1453-4. — Accounts of " divers fermors," etc., of 
the manors of Shaston [Shaston St. Rumbold, parish of Cann, 
CO. Dorset], Stoure Prewes [Stower Provost], Cowegrove [Cow- 
grove, parish of Wimborne], Bradford Bryan and Bernardesle 
[Barnsley, parish of Wimborne], Holtleigh, Stourmynster 
Marchall and Newton, Lj^tchet Mynstre and Lytchet Mau- 
travers, Wymborne Mynstre, Leighe, and of a quarter of 
Lousebarugh [Loosebarrow] Hundred, [all co. Dorset], lately 
belonging to OKver Anketyll, esquire, 31, 32 Henry VI. 166 (217) 

1452-3 to 1483. — Court Rolls and manorial accounts of the 
manor of Rendeslegh [Reinsleigh, parish of Penshurst, co. 
Kent], 32 to 37 Henry VI. 174 

1452-3 to 1460-1.— Court Rolls of the manor of Blokkes- 
worth [CO. Dorset], " confeoffees " of John Fillol, 31 to 39 
Henry VI. 166 (214) 

1453-4. — Manorial account of Houby and Gaddesby [co. 
Leicester], 32 Henry VI. 170 

1454-5. — Rental of the manor of Middleton [co. Warwick], 

33 Henry VI. 194 

1455-6. — Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton [co. Dorset], 

34 Henry VI. 164 

1455-6. — Manorial accounts of Evynton [Evington, co. 
Leicester], 34 Henry VI. 170 

1455-6 to 1460-1.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond 
[CO. Dorset], 34 to 39 Henry VI. 164 

1456-7. — Manorial accounts of Gyppesmere, Bleseby and 
Gourton [Gibsmere, Bleasby and Goverton, co. Notts], 35 
Henry VI. 170 

1458-9 to 1464-5.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wynterborn 
Kyngeston [co. Dorset], 37 Henry VI. to 4 Edward IV. 

166 (218) 



303 

1460-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of South Clifton [co. 
Notts], 39 Henry VI. (290) 

1460-1.— Court Roll of the Hundred of Knolton [co. Dorset], 
39 Henry VI. 164 

1460-1.— Court Rolls of the manor of Stawell, 39 Henry 
VI. 173(123) 

1460-1 to 1464-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Mapelerton 
[CO. Dorset,] " confeoffees " of John Fillol, 39 Henry VI. to 
4 Edward IV. 166 (214) 

1461-2 to 1464-5. — Accounts for the manor of Stawell, 1 
to 4 Edward IV. 173 (123) 

1461-2, 1464-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Marnham [co, 
Notts], 1, 4 Edward IV. (278) 

1461-2 to 1466-7.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond 
[CO. Dorset], 1 to 6 Edward IV. 164 

1461-2 to 1467-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Stawell, 1 
to 7 Edward IV. 173 (123) 

1461-2 to 1464-5, 1466-7, 1474-5, 1475-6.— Court Rolls of 
the manor of Ightham [co. Kent], 1 to 4, 6, 14, 15 Edward 
IV. 174 

1461-2 to 1483. — Court Rolls of the manors of Wambroke, 
Wynterborn Kyngeston, Wynterborn Seleston, Bloxworth, 
Mapelerton, Langton Walysh, and Wodelond [co. Dorset] 
for various years of the reign of Edward IV. 179 

1462-3, 1463-4, 1465-6 to 1467-8, 1470-1, 1471-2, 1476-7 
to 1482-3. — Court Rolls and manorial accounts of the manor of 
Rendeslegh [Reinsley, parish of Penshurst, co. Kent], 2, 3, 
5, 6, 7, 16 to 22 Edward IV., 1 Edward V. 174 

1463-4, 1464-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Ermyngewell 
[Armswell, parish of Buckland Newton], feoffees of John 
Fillol, 3, 4 Edward IV. 173 (123) 

1464-5. — Court Rolls for the manor of Maxtoke [co. Warwick], 
4 Edward IV. 169b 

1464-5, 1465-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Hamerden [co. 
Sussex], 4, 5 Edward IV. 173 (123) 

1464-5 to 1476-7.— Court Rolls of the manor of Sell3^ng 
[Sellinge co. Kent], 4 to 16 Edward IV. 'l74 



304 

1465-6. — Court Eolls of the manors of Kylvyngton, Alverton 
[parish of Kilvington], Flawburgh [all co. Notts], Richard 
Willughbv, in right of Anne, his wife, daughter and co-heiress 
of Simon Leeke, 5 Edward IV. 173 (123) 

1466-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford, and Calcott [co. Warwick], 
6 Edward IV. 194 (228) 

1467-8. — Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton Coldfield [co. 
Warwick], 7 Edward IV. 194 (230) 

1469-70. — Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton-upon-Trent 
[CO. Notts], 9 Edward IV. (290) 

1469-70, 1470-1, 1473-4.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of 
Kjiolton and Upwymboum [co. Dorset], 9, 10, 13 Edward 
IV. 174 

1469-70 to 1502-3. — ^^lanorial account of Newbold [co. 
Chester], 9 Edward IV. to 18 Henry VII. 170 

[c. 1470 ?]. — Terrier of the lands that belonged to John de 
Ciynton, knight, deceased, in Chydyngston, Sondresshe, Hever, 
Brasted and Pensherst [co. Kent], and partition between his 
sons Sir William, Richard, Thomas and Edward. 174 

1470-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Ightham [co. Kent], 
49 Henry VI. 174 

1470-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford and Calcott [co. Warwick], 

10 Edward IV. 194 (228) 

1471-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Maxtoke [co. Warwick], 

11 Edward IV. 169b 

1472-3 to 1474-5, 147S-9 to 1484-5.— Court Rolls of the 
manor of Langton Walyssh [co. Dorset], 12 to 14, 18 to 23 
Edward IV., 1, 2 Richard III. 174 

1473-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Maxtoke [co. 
Warwick], 13 Edward IV. 169b 

1473-4 to 1485-6.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond 
[co. Dorset], 13 to 23 Edward IV., 1 and 2 Richard III., 1 
Henry VII. 164 

1474-5 to 1476-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon 
with the tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford, and Calcott [co. 
Warwick], 10 Edward IV. 194 (228) 

[c. 1475]. — Late 15th century "survey of lands in Knolton 
Feilde," co. Dorset, 174 



305 

1475-6, 1476-7. — Court Roll for the manor of Maxtoke [co. 
Warwick], 15, 16 Edward IV. 169b 

1479-80. — Court Rolls of the manor of Maxtoke [co. Warwick], 
19 Edward IV. 169b 

1479-80 to 1482-3.— Court Rolls for the manor of Tyshou 
[Tysoe, co. Warwick], 19-22 Edward IV. 169b 

1479-80, 1480-1.— Court Rolls of the manor of Sheldon, 
[CO. Warwick], 19, 20 Edward IV. 194 (228) 

1481-2. — Court Roll of the manor of Kinsbury [Kingsbury, 
CO. Warwick], 21 Edward IV. 197 

1481-2, 1482-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Maxtoke [co. 
Warwick], 21, 22 Edward IV. 169b 

1482, 1489. — Rental of Chedyngstone Burgh erssh [Ched- 
dingstone, co. Kent], with several undated sixteenth century 
rentals of same. 163 

1483-4. — Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton[co. Dorset], 
1 Richard III. 164 

1483-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford and Calcott [co. Warwick], 
1 Richard III. 194 (228) 

1484-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Chetulton [Cheddle- 
ton, CO. Stafford], 2 Richard III. (276) 

1484-5 to 1487-8.— Court Rolls of the Hundreds of Knolton 
and Upwymbourn [co. Dorset], 2, 3 Richard III., 1 to 3 Henry 
VII. 174 

1485-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Chetulton [Cheddleton, 
CO. Stafford], 1 Henry VII. (276) 

1485-6. — Rental of Hurle, Slately and Clyf, in Kynnysbery 
[Hurley, Slateley and Cliff, parish of Kingsbury, co. Warwick], 
1 Henry VII. 197 

1485-6, 1486-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Langton 
Walyssh [co. Dorset]. 174 

1485-6, 1488-9, 1490-1, 1494-5, 1496-7, 1498-9, 1500-1 
to 1502-3, 1505-6 to 1507-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of 
Kinsbury [Kingsbury, co. Warwick], 1, 4, 6, 10, 12, 14, 16 
to 18, 21 to 24 Henry VII. 197 

1485-6 to 1546-7. — Manorial accounts of Winterborne 
Selston, Winterborne Kingston, Mapelerton, Est and West 

M20 



306 

Morden, Bloxworth, Stockle, Winterborne Musterston alias 
Winterborne Turbervj^e, Whitchurch, Doddyngbyre, Lychet 
Minster, Southcombe, Lytelheryngeston, Winterborne Belet, 
Winterborne Heryngeston, Langeton Herynge, Westchekerell, 
Wambroke, Kingston Lacy, Knolton Hundred, Langeton 
Walvssh, and Wodelond [all co. Dorset], for various years of 
the reigns of Henry VII. and VIII. 170 

1485-6 to 1546-7. — Court Rolls of the manors of Wambroke, 
Wynterborn Kyngeston, Wynterborn Seleston, Bloxworth, 
Mapelerton, Langton Walysh, and Wodelond [co. Dorset], for 
various years of the reigns of Henry VII. and VIII. 179 

1485-6 to 1546-7. — Court Rolls of the manors of Gunthorpe 
and Loudham [co. Notts] for divers years of the reigns of 
Henry VII. and VIII. 176 

1486-7, 1488-9.— Court Rolls of the manor of Sellyng 
[Sellinge, co. Kent], 2, 4 Henry VII. 174 

1488-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Mapelerton [co. 
Dorset], William Fillol, 4 Henry VII. 166 (214) 

1488-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Winterborne Selston 
[CO. Dorset], 4 Henry VII. 166 (214) 

1488-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Langeton Heryng [co. 
Dorset], with rental, feoffees of William Fyllol, 4 Henry VII. 

166 (218) 

1489.— Rental of Winterborn Selston [co. Dorset]. 174 

1489-90. — Court Rolls of the manors of Langton Heryng, 
Sowthcombe, Winterborne Selston, Wodelond [all co. Dorset], 
5 Henry VII. 166 (217) 

1490-91 to 1500-1, 1503-4 to 1507-8.— Court Rolls of the 
manor of Ightham [co. Kent], 6 to 16, 19 to 23 Henry VII. 

174 

1492-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Wynterborne Kynge- 
ston [CO. Dorset], 8 Henry VII. 166 (218) 

1492-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford and Calcott [co. Warwick], 
8 Henry VII. 194 (228) 

1493-4, 1494-5.— Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton Cold- 
field [co. Warwick], 9, 10 Henry VII. 194 (230) 

1494-5, 1495-6. — Manorial account of Ravenswath [Ravens- 
worth, parish of Kirkby Ravensworth, co. York], 10, 11 
Henry VII. 170 



307 

1495-6, 1496-7. — Bailiff's account of the manors of Lange- 
ton Heryng, Westchykerell and Podyngton, Stokle, Lytel- 
heryngeston, Wambroke, Fayrewode, Kyngeston juxta Byre, 
Wynterborne Heryng, Wynterborne Belet, Mottecombe and 
Gylyngham, Wynterborne Mustereston alias Wynterborne 
Turbervyleston [all co. Dorset], 11, 12 Henry VIL 166(217) 

1495-6. — Court Rolls of the manors of Wodelond andWinter- 
borne Selston [co. Dorset], 11 Henry VII. 166 (214) 

1495-6, 1497-8. — Court Rolls of the manors of Langton 
Heryng, Wodelond, Langeton Walyssh, Wynterborne Seleston, 
Sowthecombe [all co. Dorset], 11, 13 Henry VII. 164 

1495-6 to 1500-1, 1502-3 to 1506-7.— Court Rolls of the 
Hundred of Knolton and Upwymbourn [co. Dorset], 11 to 
16, 18 to 22 Henry VII. 174 

1496-7. — Manorial accounts for Ravens wath [Ravensworth, 
parish of Kirk by Ravensworth], Richmond, Fremyngham, 
Hyrtyngdon, Hyrryngton, and Codderston [Cotherstone, 
parish of Romald Kirk], Mekylton [Mickleton, in Laithkirk, 
parish of Romald Kirk], Cleseby and Clowbek, " Partes 
Boreales, Compoti Ministrorum Henrici Willoughby, militis, 
ibidem," 12 Henry VII. ' 169b 

1497-8 to 1499-1500.— Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton 
Coldfield [co. Warwick], 13-15 Henry VII. 194 (230) 

1497-8. — Bailiffs' accounts for Medelton (Thomas Porter, 
bailiff), from Michaelmas, 13 Henry VII., for one year ; of 
same accountant for Mowne and Feme [co. Hereford], and 
Bradmer (read Bradford, co. Hereford) ; Wyken, Wytnasche 
[both CO. Warwick] ; of John Wystow, receiver, of Hamerden 
[co. Sussex], Fylsham [Felsham, parish of Bexhill], Cortysley 
[Cortsey, parishes of Guestling, Icklesham, Beckley, St. 
Michael Hastings, and Hollington, co. Sussex], and Morley 
[parish of Shermanbury, co. Sussex], for same period ; of 
Richard Glasson, bailiff, for Wolaton (including rents at 
Brokystow and Coshalle, and 214/. 95. 2d. from sea-coal, and 
2s. for a pair of gilt spurs received for the manor of 
Hawgulthepp [Algarthorpe, parish of Basford, co. Not- 
tingham]) ; of Thomas Perot, bailiff, for Gownthorp and 
Lowdam [co. Notingham] ; of Hugh Thorny s, bailiff for 
Notingham, Radford, Edwalton, and Lenton [all co. Not- 
tingham] ; of John Marmeon, collector, for Carcolstone, 
Byngham, Carlton besyd Notingham, and Geddelyng [all co. 
Nottingham] : of Richard Bradbent, bailiff, for Downysby, 
Hawkynbe [Haconby], Wygtofte [all co. Lincoln] ; of Thomas 



308 

Fox, bailiff, for Wyllughby (including Bradmer [co. Not- 
tingham], Cossyngton [co. Leicester], Browchton [Upper 
Brougton, co. Nottingham], Wymondesolde [co. Leicester]) , 
of Arnold Gee, baihff, for Sutton-super-Trent [co. Notting- 
ham] (including Carlton and Sowth Marnam) ; and of Sir 
Robert Laram, chaplain, (including 563/. 55. 6^^. from John 
Marmeon, the receiver, 82Z. 45. 10c?. from divers receipts, 
182/. 125. Od. received from Henry Belschawe, chaplain, 
*' de proficuis carbonum maretim[orum] ; " total of receipts 
94:4:1. Ss. 9d. ; craves allowance for 66/. 45. Id. " pro stipendiis 
et vadiis serviencium do mini de hospicio " for the year, and 
for sum (torn off) paid to Thomas Kendall, steward of the 
lord's household). 205 

1498-9, 1499-1500.— Court Rolls of the manor of Colbrok, 
Simon Digby. 173 (123) 

1499-1500, 1500-1. — Manorial account of Barton [co. Notts], 
Henry, Lord Grey, 15, 16 Henry VIL 170 

1499-1500. — Bailiffs' account from Michaelmas, 15 Henry 
VII, for one year for Medelton, Wolaton (John Marmeon, 
bailiff), Colshalle, Gownthorpe and Lowdam [all co. Notting- 
ham] ; Downysby [co. Lincoln] ; Wymondisolde [co. 
Leicester] ; Wyllughby e, Bradmer [co. Nottingham) ; Cos- 
syngton [co. Leicester], Browghton, Carcolston, Byngham, 
Carlton besyd Notyngham, and Gedelyng [all co. Nottingham] ; 
Mowne, Feme and Bradforde [co. Hereford] ; Wycken [co. 
Warwick] ; Fylsham, Morley, Courtysley [all co. Sussex] ; 
Notingham, Radforde, and Edwalton, Sutton super Trent, 
Carlton, Sowth Marnam [all co. Nottingham]. 205 

1500 to 1600. — Sixteenth century surveys, etc., of the 
manor of Woodland, co. Dorset. 174 

1500 to 1600.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. 
Warwick] for various years in the 16th century. 212 

1500-1. — Manorial account of Sutton-in-Colfield [co. 
Warwick], 16 Henry VII. ' 170 

1500-1. — Manorial account of Toueton [Towton, co. Notts], 
16 Henry VII. 170 

1501-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton Coldfield [co. 
Warwick], 17 Henry VII. 194 (230) 

1502-3. — Summary of accounts of bailiffs and rent-collectors, 
from Michaelmas to Michaelmas, for the manors, etc., of 
Medelton [co. Warwick]; Downingsby, Wygtofte [both oo. 



309 

Lincoln], Wolaton (profits of sea coal, 283/. 16-s.), Cossale, 
Sutton [on Trent], Carlton, South Marnam [all co. Notts] ; 
Mowne Feme and Bradford [co. Hereford] ; Wycke [co. 
Warwick] ; Gownthorp and Lowdam, Notingham, Radford, 
Edwalton and Lenton, Oarcolstone, Byngham, Carlton and 
Gedelyng [all co. Notts] ; Hamerden, Filshani, Courtysby, 
Morley [all co. Sussex ; see 1497-8], Colde Etton [Coldeaton, 
in Alsop-en-le-Dale, parish of Ashborne, co. Derby]. 23G 

1502-3. — Extracts of the sheriff's court for co. Notts, 19 
Henry VII. (290) 

1503-4, 1504-5. — Bailiff's account of the manors of Wyn- 
terborne Belette,Wynterborne Heryngeston and Lytelhernvges- 
ton [CO. Dorset], 19, 20 Henry VII. 166 (217) 

1505-6. — Rental of the manor of Stondon [Standon, co. 
Herts], 21 Henry VII. 173 (123) 

1505-6. — Accounts of all the Willoughby estates, 21 Henry 
VII. 220 

1506-7. — Court Rolls of the manors of Mapelerton [Mapper- 
ton], Bloxworth, Sowthecombe, Wynterborne Kyngeston, and 
Langeton Walyssh [all co. Dorset], William Fillol, 23 
Henry VII. " 166 (218) 

1506-7. — Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton [co. 
Dorset], 22 Henry VII. 164 

1508-9. — Court Rolls of the manors of Langton Walysshe, 
Bloxworth, Winterborne Kingston, Mapelerton, Wodelond 
[all CO. Dorset], William Fillol, knight, 13, 14 Henry VIII. 

166 (217) 

1509-10. — Court Rolls of the manor of Shustoke [co. 
Warwick], CHnton, 1 Henry VIII. 197 

1509-10. — Court Rolls of the manors of Langton Walysshe, 
Bloxworth, Winterborne Kingston, Mapelerton, Winterborne 
Selston, and Winterborne Kingston, Wambroke, Langeton 
Herynge, Wodelond [all co. Dorset], William Fillol, knight, 
1 Henry VIII. 166 (217) 

1509-10 to 1553.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton 
[co. Warwick] for various years of the reigns of Henry VIII. 
and Edward VI. 194 

1510-11, — Court Rolls of the manors of Mapelerton and 
Wodelond [co. Dorset], 2 Henry VIII. 166 (217) 



310 

1510-11, 1511-12. — Court Rolls of the manors of Langton 
Walyssh, Wodelond, Wambroke, Langeton Heryng, Winter- 
borne Seleston, Mapelerton, Winterborne Kingston, and 
Bloxworth [CO. Dorset], 2, 3 Henry VIII. 164 

1511-12. — Court Rolls of the manor of Pyrybar [Perrybar, 
CO. Stafford], 3 Henry VIII. 173 (123) 

1511-12, 1512-13.— Court Rolls of the manor of Shustoke 
[CO. Warwick], 3, 4 Henry VIII. 197 

1511-12, 1512-13.— Court Rolls of the manors of Wynter- 
borne Kyngeston, Wynterborne Selston, Mapelerton, Bloxce- 
worth, Langton Walysche, Wambroke, Langton Herynge, 
Wodelond, and Wodemancote [co. Dorset], 3, 4 Henry VIII. 

166 (214) 

1511-12 to 1515-16. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braun- 
don, with the tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford and Calcott 
[CO. Warwick], 3-7 Henry VIII. 194 (228) 

1512-13. — Manorial account of Chedyngstone [co. Kent], 
4 Henry VIII. 170 

1513-14, 1514-15. — Manorial accounts of Sellyng [Sellinge, 
CO. Kent] and Harry ng [Harringe, parish of Sellinge, co. 
Kent], 5, 6 Henry VIII. 170 

1512-13, 1514-15, 1516-17 to 1519-20.— Court Rolls and 
accounts of the manor of Sellyng [Sellinge, co. Kent], 4, 6, 8 
to 11 and 16 Henry VIII. 174 

1513-14, 1514-15. — Court rolls of the manor of Pyrybar 
[Perrybar, co. Stafford], 5, 6 Henry VIII. 173 (123) 

1514, October 18. — Rental of William Bonde, gent., and 
Agnes, his wife, one of the daughters of Mr. Awfill, esq. [co. 
Kent]. 163 

1514-15 to 1516-17. — Court Rolls of the manor of Shustoke 
[co. Warwick], 6-8 Henry VIII. 197 

1515-16. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wambroke [co. 
Dorset], 7 Henry VIII. 166 (218) 

1515-16, 1516-17.— Court Rolls of the manor of Langeton 
Heryng [co. Dorset], 7, 8 Henry VIII. 166(218) 

1516-17, 1517-18. — Manorial account of Bore Place [parish 
of Chiddingston], co. Kent, 8, 9 Henry VIII. 170 

1516-17, 1517-18. — Court Rolls of the manors of Wambroke, 
Bloxworth, Langton Walysh, Maperton, Wynterborne Kynge- 



311 

ston, Wvnterborn SeJston, and Wodeland [all co. Dorset], 8, 

9 Henry VIII. 166 (218) 

1516-17 to 1518-19.— Court Rolls of the manor of Sutton 
Coldfield [CO. Warwick], 8-10 Henry VIII. 194 (230) 

1517-18. — Court Rolls of the manor of Sellyng [Sellinge, co. 
Kent], 9 Henry VIIT. 164 

[1518-19]. — Manorial account of Sellyng and Harryng [co. 
Kent], 10 Henry VIII. 170 

1518-19. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wodeland [co. 
Dorset], 10 Henry VIII. 164 

1518-19. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wyken [co. War- 
wick], 10 Henry VIII. 194 (228) 

1518-19. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford, and Calcott, [co. Warwick], 

10 Henry VIII. 194 (228) 

1518-19 to 1522-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Shustoke 
[co. Warwick]. 197 

1518-19, 1521-2 to 1523-4, 1525-6, 1526-7.— Court Rolls of 
the Hundred of Knolton and Upwymbourn [co. Dorset], 10, 
13 to 15, 17, 18 Henry VIII. 174 

1519-20. — Court Rolls of the manor of Smallwood [co. 
Chester], 11 Henry VIII. 169b 

1519-20, 1520-1.— Court Rolls of the manors of Wynterborne 
Kyngeston, Wynterborne Selston, Mapelerton, Bloxceworth, 
Langton Walysche, and Wambroke [co. Dorset], William 
Fyllol, knight. 166 (214) 

1519-20, 1520-1. — Manorial account for Woodlands [co. 
Dorset], 11, 12 Henry VIII. 169b 

1519-20 to 1534-5. — Summaries of bailiffs' accounts for the 
manors of Wollaton, Sutton Passeys, Wollaton coal-pits, 
Cossall, Cropwell, Bilborough, Gunthorpe, Loudham, Bingham, 
Willoughby-on-the- Wolds, Bradmere and Broughton [all co. 
Notts], Dunsby, Swineshead, Wigtoft [all co. Lincoln] ; 
Marston, Middleton, Wyken, Wilmcott [co. Warwick] ; Cos- 
sington and Wymeswoid [co. Leicester] ; Dudley [co. Wor- 
cester] ; Purybar [co. Stafford], 11, 12, 14, 18, 23, 25, 26 
Henry VIII. 169b 

1520-1. — Manorial account for Middleton [co. Warwick], 
12 Henry VIII. 169b 



312 

1520-1. — Court Rolls of the manors of Wynterboriie Kynge- 
ston, Wynterboriie Selston, Mapelerton, Bloxceworth, Langton 
Walysche, Wambroke, and Langeton Herynge [all co. Dorset], 
12 Henry VIII. " 166 (214) 

1520-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford, and Calcott [co. Warwick], 
12 Henry VIII. 194 (228) 

1520-1 to 1522-3.— Manorial accounts for Braundon, 12, 13, 

14 Henry VIII. 169b 

1521-2, 1522-3. — Court Rolls of the manors of Langton 
Walysshe, Mapelerton, Wambroke, Langton Herynge, and 
Myddylbere Fall co. Dorset], Thomas Trenchard and other 
feoffees for the use of William Fillol, 13, 14 Henry VIII. 

166 (217) 

1522-3. — Court Rolls of the manor of Mapelerton, Wynter- 
borne Selston, Winterborne Kyngston, Blox worth, Langton 
Walshe, Langton Heryng, and Wambroke [all co. Dorset]. 

170 

1523-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Smallwood [co. 
Chester], 15 Henry VIII. 169b 

1523-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford and Calcott [co. Warwick], 

15 Henry VIII. 194 (228) 

1523-4, 1524-5. — Court Rolls of the manors of Wambroke 
[Wambrook, co. Dorset], Langton Heryng [Langton Herring], 
Langton Walshe [Langton Wall is, parish of Langton Mat- 
ravers], Bloxceworth [Bloxworth], Wynterbourne Kyngeston, 
Mapelerton [Mapperton], Wynterbourne Selston [all co. Dor- 
set], Thomas Trenchard, knight, and other feoffees for the use 
of William Fyllol, knight, 15, 16 Henry VIII. 166 (218) 

1624-5. — Estreats of the court of the Castle of Nottingham. 

271 

1525-6. — Court Rolls for the manor of Whitacre Inferior 
[CO. Warwick], 17 Henry VIII. 169b 

1625-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wodelond [co. 
Dorset], 17 Henry VIII. 164 

1525-6. — Rental of the manor of Bloxworth [co. Dorset], 
17 Henry VIII. 164 

1525-6, 1526-7.— Court Rolls of the manors of Langton 
Walysshe, Bloxworth, Winterborne Kingston, Mapelerton, 
Winterborne Selston, Wambroke, Langton Herynge [all co. 



313 

Dorset], Thomas Trenchard and other feoffees for the use of 
William Fillol, 17, 18 Henry VIII. 166 (217) 

1526-7. — Manorial account for Willoughby-on-the-Wolds 
[CO. Notts], 18 Henry VIII. 169b 

1527-8 to 1530-1.— Court Rolls of the manors of Wam broke 
[co. Dorset], Thomas Trencharde, Thomas de la Lynde, John 
Cayleway, knights, Henry Trencharde, esquire, and William 
Honychurche, gentleman, feoffees for the completion of the 
will of William Fyllol, knight, 19 to 22 Henry VIII. 166(218) 

1530, April 7. — Issues of manor court (legalis manerii) of 
Wodelond [co. Dorset]. 166 (217) 

1530-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Beausalle [Beausale, 
parish of Hatton, co. Warwick], 22 Henry VIII. 173(123) 

1531-2, 1532-3, 1537-8, 1546-7.— Manorial account of 
Braundon [co. Warwick], 23, 24, 29, 38 Henry VIII. 220 

1531-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wittenasshe [Whit- 
nash, CO. Warwick], 23 Henry VIII. 173 (123) 

1631-2 to 1533-4.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton 
[CO. Dorset], 23 to 25 Henry VIII. 164 

1532-3, 1533-4.— Court Rolls of the manors of Maplerton, 
Wynterborne Seleston, and Wodelond [co. Dorset], 24, 25 
Henry VIII. 164 

1534-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Lambley [co. Notts], 
26 Henry VIII. 278 

1535. — " A terrer made of my landes in Kingston Lacye 
[parish of Wimborne Minster, co. Dorset], named ' the Great 
Gawntz.' " 174 

1535-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wryton, 27 Henry 
VIII. 173 (123) 

1535-6. — Bailiff's accounts for Wollaton and Sutton Passes 
(Henry Marmion, baiUff) from Michaelmas, 27 Henry VIII, 
for one year (allowed 536'. id. for payment to two priests or 
chaplains of the chantry in the parish church of Wollaton of 
their wages and stipends issuing out of the said manor of 
Sutton ; for payment to the prior and convent of Lenton for 
tithes of herbage of Sutton aforesaid, 40^., and for tithes of 
the herbage of Wyllowholme, 305. ; to the vicar of the 
parish church of Radford for his part of the tithes 
of Sutton Passes, 8.§. ; to William Webster, chaplain, for the 
food of two poor people of the lord's alms, 345. 8^.) ; Wol- 



314 

laton coal pits (John Lyvessey, accountant) from 27 December, 
27 Henry VIII. until 1 January, in the 28th year (issues and 
profits of " carbones terrestres " 628/. 17^. l^d. ; wages of 
pitmen 56/. 155. Shd. ; costs of " synkyng " and wages of the 
accoimtant and others in this connection, stores, necessaries, 
etc. " ut patet per librum suum de particulis sol[ucionum] 
eorundem denariorum vocatum ' le Syknynge Boke,' " 
81/. 175. Id.) ; account of baihffs of Gonthorp and Lowdham 
[co. Nottingham] ; and of Middleton [co. Warwick] ; of 
Cossale [co. Nottingham] (Henry Marmion, bailiff) ; of 
Wyken [co. Warwick] ; of Wyllughby Brodmer [co. Not- 
tingham], Cosington [co. Leicester], Broughton [co. Not- 
tingham], Wymsold [co. Leicester] ; and account of Robert 
Perote, receiver of all the lands, etc., that formerly belonged 
to John Wylloughby, esquire, from 4 January, 27 Henry 
VIII, to 1 January in the following year (total of receipts, 
685/. 45. lie/.; payments 596/. 35. Sd.). 205 

1536-7. — Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton and Up- 
wymbourn [co. Dorset], 28 Henry VIII. 174 

1537-8. — Bailiff's accounts from Michaelmas, 29 Henry 
VIII, for one year for Wollaton and Sutton Passes (Henry 
Marmyon, bailiff ; Wollaton coal pits (John Lyvesey, accoun- 
tant) from 4 January, 29 Henry VIII., to 11 January, in the 
30th year (receipts and profits oi coal 477/. 5s. lOhd. ; wages 
and stipends 21/. 195. SJc/. ; cost of ' synking,' etc., 50/. I65. 20.); 
and of the bailiffs of the following from Michaelmas to 
Michaelmas : Gonthorp and Lowdham ; Myddelton [co. War- 
wick] ; Cossale [co. Nottingham] (Henry Marmyon, bailiff ; 
Wyken [co. Warwick] ; Carleton juxta Trentham [Carlton- 
upon-Trent] ; Wylloughby, Brodmer [co. Nottingham], Co- 
sington [co. Leicester], Broughton [co. Nottingham], Wymsold 
[Wimeswould, co. Leicester] ; and of Robert Perot, chaplain 
and receiver of the lands, etc., of John Wylloughby, knt., 
from 2 January, 29 Henry VIII, until 4 January, in the 
following year. 205 

1538, May. — Rental of Lenton, Radford and Nottingham. 

38 

1638-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Carleton-upon-Trent 
[CO. Notts], 30 Henry VIII. 169 

1538-9. — Account of John Leceter for the lands in Notting- 
ham (Nothm) from Christmas, 30 Henry VIII, for one year 
(" Item to charge hym for vj landes [i.e., ridges of ploughed 
land] wythout chappell barre, by yere iJ5. viijc/. Item to 
allowe hym for Thyr landes Place, in Mast res [Isabel] Panelles 
handes, iij/i. Item for cheffe rent to the kyng for Thyrlandes 
Place, iij5. iiijc/."). Signed " Henry Wyllughby." 205 

1538-9. — Manorial account of Wambrok and Stockland 
[CO. Dorset], 30 Henry VIII. 220 



315 

1539, July 13.— Court Roll of Sir John Willoughby's manor 
of Carlecolston [co. Notts]. 169 

1540-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford, and Calcott [co. Warwick], 
32 Henry VIII. 194 (228) 

1540-1 to 1546-7. — Court Rolls of the manor of Winterborne 
Selston [CO. Dorset], 32 to 38 Henry VIII. 166 (214) 

1541, June 8. — Court Roll of vSir John Willoughby's manor 
of Carlecolston [co. Notts]. 169 

1541-2. — Rental of the lands of John Poulet, esquire, and 
the Lady Anne, his wife, daughter and heiress of William 
Fyllol, knight, in right of the said Anne, late the wife of 
Edward Willoughby, knight, deceased. 174 

1542, Nov. 30. — Rental of Thomas Brabryge's lordship of 
Kynsberie [Kingsbury, co. Warwick]. 212 

1542-3. — Court Rolls of the manors of Kepsbroke, West- 
hwerst and Esthwerst [West and East Ewhurst, parish of 
Speldhurst, co. Kent], 34 Henry VIII. 174 

1542-3. — Baihff's account from Michaelmas, 34 Henry 
VIII, for one year for Wollaton and Sutton Passes (Henry 
Marmyon, bailiff) ; Wollatton coal pits (John Lyvesey, col- 
lector) from 4 January, 34 Henry VIII, until 24 December, 
35 Henry VIII. (receipts 5101. 9s. 5^d. ; payments for wages 
24^. 95. Id. ; costs of " synking " 75^. 145. Qd.) ; and of the 
bailiffs of the following, from Michaelmas to Michaelmas : 
Gonthorp and Ludham ; Cossale (Henry Marmyon, bailiff) ; 
Myddylton ; Wyken ; Wylloughby ; Carleton juxta Trent ham 
(Marnam, Sutton, Carleton cum Gedling, Carcolston) ; and 
of John Trussell, gent, and " serviens Domino," of money 
received by him from 17 March, 34 Henry VIII, to 10 February, 

35 Henry VIII. ; of Thomas Hydde, " serviens Domino," 
for the like period (payments for divers stores (estuff') and 
other necessaries and implements for the household, for wages 
and stipends of laborers on divers matters of the lord and for 
getting hay and corn {garbarum), for hedging and ditching, 
threshing, etc. 741. 9s. id. ; for payments for red and white 
herrings (pro alaciis alhis rub]^e\is) and divers salt fish bought 
in divers places, at Sturbrege fair and at Bosston, and for car- 
riage and other expenses in connection therewith 29/. 135. lOr;^. ; 
and for ' freshacates ' [= purchases of household stores, etc.] 
44/. 55. Z\d.) ; of Robert Perott, chaplain and receiver, from 
4 January, 34 Henry VIII, until 1 January following. 206 

1544-5. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretiord, and Colcott [co. Warwick], 

36 Henry VIII. 194(282) 



316 

1542-3, 1543-4.~-Court Roll of the manor of Wambroke 
[co. Dorset], Henry Wylloughby, esquire. 166 (214) 

1544-5. — Bailiff's account from Michaelmas, 36 Henry 
VIII, for one year for Wollatton and Suttons Passes (John 
Lyvesey, bailiff) ; Wollatton coal-pits (John Lyvesey, col- 
lector) from 4 January, 36 Henry VIII, to 24 December, 37 
Henry VIII. (issues and profits of coal, 356?. 16^. Id. ; wages, 
46Z. 85. 4d. ; costs of ' synkyng,' Sll. 12s. 8c?.) ; bailiffs' accounts 
from Michaelmas to Michaelmas for the following : Gonthorp 
and Ludham ; Carleton juxta Trent ham ; Cossale (Crop well, 
Bylbrough) ; W^ylloughby (Brodmer, Brought on) ; Wyken ; 
Myddelton ; and of Robert Parott, chaplain and receiver, 
from 4 January, 36 Henry VIII., until 1 January, 37 Henry 
VIII. ; and of Thomas Eton, " serviens Domino," from 24 
December, 37 Henry VIII, until 20 March following (for 
rewards given by his lord and wages and stipends of servants 
and for money paid at divers times to Thomas Hyde, 126?. 
95. lOd.) ; and of Thomas Hyde, " serviens Domino," from the 
last day of February, 36 Henry VIII, until 19 March, 37 
Henry VIII. (payments for red and white herrings and for 
salt-fish bought at Sturbrygge Fair and Bosston and for car- 
riage, etc., thereof, 33?. 25. 9c?. ; ' freshacat,' 61?. 7^. II ^d.) : 
and of John Lyveseye's wife in the 37 Henry VIII. (receipts 
from lordships of Wollatton and Sutton Passes with Bram- 
cote ; Carleton, with Marnam, Sutton, Carleton with Ged- 
lynge and Carlcolston ; Cossale with Crop well and Bylbrough) ; 
account of executors of John Lyvesey from 4 January, 36 Henry 
VIII, until 12 September following " for theyer hoUe receyttes, 
deduccyons, synkeyng boke and levereys money," ("levereye 
money " 199?. 4^. 3c?.) ; account of Mr. Marmyon and John 
Trussell for Wollatton coal-pits from 12 Sept., 37 Henry VIII, 
until 25 September following (receipts 62?. 55. 3^c?.) ; " deduc- 
cyons to be allowy[d]," 7?. 95. 9c/. ; " synkynge boke to be 
allowyd," 25?. 85. 4c?. ; " leverey money payed by them," 
22?. I85. Sid. 205 

1546-7. — Baihff's account from Michaelmas, 38 Henry 
VIII, for one year for Wollaton and Sutton Passes (John 
Trussell, bailiff) ; allowed 675. 4d. for the lord's alms to three 
men and three women, and for 135. 4c/. paid to John Bate, 
chaplain, " pro docens (sic) pauperum puerorum datis sicut 
elimozina Domini ") ; Cossale ; Wollaton coal-pits (John 
Trussel, collector) from 4 January, 38 Henry VIII., until 24 
December, 1 Edward VI. (receipts, 365?. 195. 5c/. ; wages, 
48?. O5. 5\d. ; " synkynge boke," 90?. 135. 3(/.) ; of Robert 
Perott, priest (time not specified) ; of Thomas Hydde, " ser- 
viens Domino," from 24 January, 38 Henry VIII., until 22 
February, 2 Edward VI. ; of Thomas Eyton, " serviens 
Domino," from 22 January, 38 Henry VIII., until 22 
February, 2 Edward VI. Prefixed is a list of annuities, 
1 Edward, signed'* John' Willughby," containing thirty-eight 



317 

entries amounting to 48Z. 65. M. (Sir Hugh Wiloughby, 
6L 135. 4:d, ; Mastre Draycott, 31. lOs. Od. for half a year ; 
Serjaunte Molynex, 265. Sd. ; Baldwin Willoughby, 3^. 6.s. Sd. ; 
George Willoughby, 20.9. ; Sir Anthony Nevell, 20s. ; Nicholas 
Powtryell, 20^. ; Gabriel Barwicke, 53.s. 4d. ; Henry 
Marmyon, 61.) 205 

1546-7. — Bailiff's account for Braundon [co. Warwick] 
from Michaelmas, 38 Henry VIII, to the same feast, 
1 Edward VI. 205 

] 547-8, 1548-9, 1549-50.— Court Rolls of the manor of 
Willoughby-on-the- Wolds [co. Notts!, 1, 2, 3 Edward VI. 

177 (175) 

1547-8. — Bailiff's account of Braundon and Bretsforde [co. 
Warwick], from Michaelmas, 1 Edward VI, for one year, 
with account of "the Wodesale of Braundon," 15 February, 
1 Edward VI. 205 

1549-50. — CWrt Rolls of the manor of Wyken [co. Warwick] 
3 Edward VI. " 194 (228) 

1549-50 to 1562-3.— Court Rolls of the manor of Small- 
wood [co. Chester], 3 Edward VI. to 5 Elizabeth. 169b 

1549-50, 1550-1. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, 
with the tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford, and Calcott [co. 
Warwick], 3, 4 Edward VI. 194 (228) 

[c. 1550]. — Rental of lands in Lenton and Radford belong- 
ing to the late monastery of Lenton [co. Notts]. 38 

Temp, Elizabeth. — Accounts of Nottinghamshire manors. 

205 

1554-5 to 1557-8. — Court Rolls of the manor of Ightham 
CO. Kent], 1 to 4 and 5 Philip and Mary. 174 

1554-5 to 1603. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wimeswold 
[co. Leicester] for various years of the reigns of Elizabeth 
and James I. 176 

1555. — Account of wood sales at Spondon, co. Derby, 
Ylkeston, Sandyacre, [Bu]rrossheasclie [Borrowash], Risley, 
Stanton [all co. Derby], Bramcott, Chfton, Dale, Kyrke Halam, 
Stapleforde, Brayson, and of expenditure over conversion into 
timber, boards, laths, etc. 

Entitled " Dale Wodes. The booke of reyceptes for wode 
ther solde by John Bateman, begynnyng in May, in annis 
regnorum regis Philippi et regine Marie primo et secundo,'* 
rendered to the executors [of Henry Willoughby]. 205 



318 

1/568 to 1603. — Court Rolls of the manor of Dunsby [oo. 
Lincoln], for various years of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. 176 

1558-1603.— Accounts of ** Easter Tithing " at Middle- 
ton for various years of the reign of Elizabeth. 169b 

1558-1603.— Court Rolls of the manor of WoUaton [co. 
Notts] for various years of the reign of Elizabeth. 176 

1558-1603. — Court Rolls for the manor of Willoughby-on- 
the- Wolds [co. Notts] for divers vears of the reign of 
Elizabeth. ' 176 

1558-1603. — Court Rolls of the manor of Carlton-on-Trent 
[co. Notts] for various years of the reign of Elizabeth. 176 

1558 to 1603. — Court Rolls of the manor of Cossington [co. 
Leicester] for various years of the reign of Elizabeth. 176 

1558-9 to 1602-3.— Court Rolls of the manors of Wambroke, 
Wynterborn Kyngeston, Wynterborn Seleston, Bloxworth, 
Mapelerton, Langton Walysh, and Wodelond [co. Dorset], 
for various years of the reign of Elizabeth. 179 

1558 to 1625. — Papers relating to Smallwood, co. Chester, 
and to suits concerning title thereto, tempp. Elizabeth and 
James I. 187 

1558-9 to 1648-9.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middelton 
[co. Warwick] for various years of the reigns of Elizabeth, 
James I. and Charles I. 194 

1558-9, 1560-1, 1565-6.— Court Rolls of the manor of Igh- 
tham [co. Kent], 1, 3, 8 Elizabeth. 174 

c. 1560 ? — Terrier of Wishaue [Wishaw, co. Warwick], temp. 
Elizabeth ? 170 

1560-1. — Court Rolls of the Hundred (" Curia Treseptimana 
Hundredi ") of Knolton and Upwymbourn [co. Dorset], 3 
Elizabeth. 174 

1560-1 to 1565-6.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby- 
on-the-Wolds [co. Notts], 3-8 Elizabeth. 177 (176) 

1560-1, 1564-5, 1569-70.— Court Rolls of the manor of North 
Carlton [co. Notts], 3, 7, 12 Elizabeth. 169 

1562-3. — Accounts for Holeway [or Holy, parish of White 
Staunton], Hull, Pounderford, Stapelgrove, Nayllysbourne 
[Nailsbourne, parish of Kingston St. Mary], Rympton 
[Rimpton], Oterford [Otterford], Taunton Castle, Borough 
and Liberty [all co. Somerset]. 169b 



319 

1563, Oct. 5.— Court Rolls of Willoughby [co. Notts]. 169 

1563, Oct. 6. — Court Rolls of Gunthorpe and Lowdham 
[CO. Notts]. 169 

1563, Oct. 6. — Court Roll of Bradmejrre [Bradmore, co. 
Notts]. 169 

1563, Oct. 7. — Court Roll of Cosyngton [co. Leicester]. 169 

1563, Oct. 7. — Court Roll of Wymeswold [co. I^eicester]. 

169 

1563.— "Tharbage booke of the Town fielde at Wollaton 

begynnenge the xviij*^ day of October," 5 Elizabeth. 205 

1563-4 to 1565-6. — Accounts of Dorset manors during the 
minority of Francis Willoughby. 220 

1564-5. — Court Rolls of the manors of Langton Wallis and 
Langton Hering, and of Maplerton, Winterborn Selston, 
Winterborn Kingston, Bloxworth, Wambroke, Woodlande, 
and of Admiralty Court at Langton Hering, and of the Hundred 
Court of Knolton and Upwimborne [all co. Dorset], 7 Eliza- 
beth. 166 (217) 

1564-5. — Surveys of manors of Garnethorpe [Grainthorpe], 
Mablethorpe, and Yarborough, co. Lincoln, 7 Elizabeth. 

173 (138) 

1565. — " The parke booke of Wollaton, anno reginse Elizabeth 
septimo," an account of beasts laid to, and taken from, 
herbage. 205 

1565-6. — " Visus compotorum " of all bailiffs, reeves, 
bedels, fermors, collectors and other accountants of the lands, 
etc., in CO. Dorset lately belonging to Edward Willughby, 
knight, and now in the hands of the queen by reason of the 
minority of Francis Willughby, esquire, frrom Michaelmas, 7 
Elizabeth, for one year. Accounts for Wodelande ; Knolton 
and Upwimborne Hundred ; Bloxworth ; Winterbome 
Selston ; Estmorden, Westmorden and Southlychett ; Map- 
lerton ; Wynterborne Kingeston ; Lancketon Herrynge ; 
Lytleheryngston ; Winterborne Cribton, alias Cane Frome 
Billet and Stafford ; Kingeston Lacy ; Wambroke ; Langton 
Wallys ; Dorchester ; and of lands in Fordingbridge, co. 
Southampton. 205 

1565-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wodland [co. Dorset], 
8 Elizabeth. 164 

1566-7. — Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton and Up- 
wymborne and of the manors of Wodland, Wambroke, Winter- 
borne Selston, Lanckton Wallis, Bloxworth, Maplerton, Win- 



320 

terborne Kingston, Langton Herring, and Whitechurch [all 
CO. Dorset], 9 Elizabeth. 164 

1567-8 to 1573-4. — A book containing terriers, copies of 
Court rolls, manorial accounts, etc., relating to Woodland, 
Bloxworth, South Lychett, Est and West Morden, Langton 
Wallyshe, Langton Herryng, Wambroke, the Hundred of 
Knolton, Winterborno Selston and Winterborne Kingston, 
Maplerton [co. Dorset], and Bearewoode, Fordingbridge and 
Burgate [co. Hants], 10 to 16 Elizabeth. 179 

1568-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Langton Wallis [co. 
Dorset], 11 Elizabeth. 166 (217) 

1569. — The book of cattle at Wollaton from 1 day of January, 
11 Elizabeth, H. Averey, Wollaton. 205 

1569-70. — Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 12 Elizabeth. 177 (175) 

[1570]. — Bundle of papers, writs, etc., connected with Sir 
Francis Willoughby's tenure of the office of sheriff of 
Warwick. 169b 

1572-3 to 1577-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Bradmere 
[CO. Notts], 15 to 20 Elizabeth. 290 

1572-3 to 1577-8.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby- 
on-the-Wolds [co. Notts], 15-20 Elizabeth. 177 (175) 

1573-4 to 1589-90, 1592-3, 1593-4.— Court Rolls of the 
manor of Lambley [co. Notts], 16 to 32, 35, 36 Elizabeth. 

(278) 

1574-5, 1577-8, 1580-1, 1581-2, 1585-6, 1587-8 to 1590-91, 
1598 to 1601-2.— Court Rolls of the manors of Bleasby, Gibs- 
mere, and Gorton [Goverton] [co. Notts], 17, 20, 23, 24, 28, 
30, 31, 33, 41 to 44 Elizabeth. (278) 

1576-7, 1581-2, 1583-4, 1585-6.— Court Rolls of the manor 
of Chedyngton Burghershe [Chiddingstone, co. Kent], 19, 
24, 26, 28 Elizabeth. 174 

1576-1582. — Account of John Tyrer, rendered 18 September, 
1586, for moneys received .during the aforesaid years to the 
use of Sir Francis Willoughbie, knight, from the manor of 
Midleton, for wood sold in divers places, profits of iron, sales 
of cattle, the profits of coal got in Bedworth. 205 

1576-1584-1585. Sept. — Account for the aforesaid years, 
rendered in September, 1585, by Margaret Blunt, "adminis- 
tratrix " of the last will of WiUiam Blund, her late husband, 
of the sums received by him of the proffits of the " fermes " 



321 

of Arnold, Carleton, Gorton, and Gibsmire, co. Nottingham, 
to the use of Sir Francis Willoughbie, knight. 205 

1578-9. — Court Rolls of the manor of Wyken [co. Warwick], 
21 Elizabeth. 194 (228) 

1578-9, 1579-80.— Court Rolls of the Hundred of Knolton 
and Upwymbourn [co. Dorset], 21, 22 Elizabeth. 174 

1579-80. — Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 24 Elizabeth. 177 (175) 

1581-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Ightham [co. Kent], 
24 Elizabeth. 174 

1581-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Bradmere [co. Notts], 
24 Elizabeth. (290) 

1583-4 to 1586-7. — Court Rolls (extracts) of the manor of 
Wodelond [co. Dorset], 26 to 29 Elizabeth. 164 

1583-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 26 Elizabeth. 177(175) 

1585-6. — Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 28 Elizabeth. 177 (175) 

1585-6. — Account of WilKam Barette for money received 
from Michaelmas, 1585, for one year, from the " ferme " of 
Gorton and Gibsmere, co. Nottingham. 205 

1586. — Rental of the manor of Kingsbury [co. Warwick]. 

197 

1587-8, 1588-9.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby- 
on-the-Wolds [co. Notts], 30, 31 Elizabeth. 177 (175) 

1588, March 25. — Rental of the manor of Kinsbury [Kings- 
bury, CO. Warwick]. 236 

1589-90. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford, and Calcott [co. Warwick], 
32 Elizabeth. 194 (228) 

1590-1, 1591-2.— Court Rolls of the manors of Willoughby- 
on-the-Wolds [co. Nottingham], 33, 34 Elizabeth. 177 (175) 

1591. — Rentals of "my lord's" house and tenements in 
Holborne, (twelve tenements " on Staple Inne side," twelve 
" on Barnardes Inne side," two " over the gate," five " in 
Holborne," and " Gerardes garden "), producing in all 
59^. 25. Sd. yearly. Receipt signed by " W. Burglegh ' ' [Lord 

Xi 21 



322 

Treasurer] for 251. from Sir Francis Willoughby for a quarter's 
rent of the Castell in Holborne. This Castell, which formerly 
belonged to Malmesbury Abbey, was sold to Henry Willoughby 
by John Beamont, who had it from the king. These facts 
are recited in a copy of legal proceedings in 36 Henry VIII., 
wherein Willoughby complains that he and not Beamont is 
distrained by the king. Lease, dated 12 July, 1595, by 
Thomas Willoughby of Boreplace, co. Kent, esquire, to Thomas 
Valence of Lincoln's Inn, co. Middlesex, esquire, for 21 years 
of " the uppermost chambers and roomes in the highest storie 
of that his messuage and tenement called ' Willoughby Howse ' 
sett and being nere the grandge in Lincolnes Inne feeldes, 
which are in these presentes hereafter mencioned, that is to 
saye the uppermost chamber in the said howse called the little 
chamber with a chimney in it, and a closett or studye in the 
same chamber, one other chamber without a chimney adjoyn- 
inge to the said litle chamber," and a gallery with a chimney 
in it, all of which are on one floor, and the use and occupation 
of the turret of the same house, at a yearly rent of 4Z. 

181 (202) 

1594-5 to 1601-2. — Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, 

with the tithings of Thurlaston, Bretford, and Calcott [co. 

Warwick], 37-44 Elizabeth. 194 (228) 

1597-8. — Book containing rental of Willughby super 
Woldes, the account of John Wealch for receipts and payments 
there from the Annunciation, 1597, to Michaelmas, 1598. 

205 

1599-1600.— Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on- 
the-Wolds [CO. Notts], 42 Elizabeth. 177 (175) 

1602-3. — Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 45 Elizabeth. 177(175) 

Terriers, etc., of Willoughby-on-the-Wolds , tempp. Eliza- 
beth and James I. 177 

Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. Warwick] in the 
seventeenth century. 212 

1603-4. — Court Rolls of the manor of WiUoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 1 James I. 177 (175) 

1605-6.— Court Rolls of the manor of Braundon, with the 
tithings t)f Thurlaston, Bretford, and Calcott [co. Warwick], 
3 James I. 194 (228) 

1605-6, 1606-7. — Court Rolls of the manors of Bleasby, Gibs- 
mere and Gorton [co. Notts], 3, 4 James I. (278) 

1607-8. — Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 5 James I. 177 (175) 



323 

1610-11, 1611-12.— Court Rolls of the manor of WHloughby- 
on-the-WoIds, [co. Notts], 8, 9 James I. 177 (175) 

1614-15. — Court Rolls of the manor of Willoughby-on-the- 
Wolds [CO. Notts], 12 James I. 177 (175) 

1656-9. — Coal accounts of Wollaton, Cossall and Trowell 
[CO. Notts]. 205 

1657.— Rental of Cossall [co. Notts]. 205 

[c. 1660.] — " A Terry er of Sempringham landes and groundes 
lyinge in the fields and closes of Bramcoate, the tithe whereof 
one moity is due and has tyme out of mynde bine paid to the 
rectour of Wollaton." Details of " flatts," " leyes," " landes " 
("a great flatt on Stony Furlonge, butting on the Milker's 
Path and Round Knoll Flat. 4 acres " ; " seaven lands called 
' Robinhill Flat,' 2 acres " ; " a flatt of 10 lands, 3 acres " ; 
" a flatt by Breeden Balke, 2 acres and a halfe " ; " Brinsley 
Wonge buttinge on the Pikes, 3 acres "). 24 (390) 

1660-1 to 1685.— Court Rolls of the manor of Middleton [co. 
Warwick] for various years of the reign of Charles II. 194 

1661-2.— Rental of Wollaton [co. Notts]. 205 

1662. — Coal accounts of Wollaton, Cossall and Trowell 
[CO. Notts]. 205 

1663-7.— Rental of Cossall [co. Notts]. 205 

1665-69. — Coal accounts of Wollaton, Cossall and Trowell 
[CO. Notts]. 205 

[c. 1670.] — Copy of bill, exhibited in the exchequer by 
Samuel Kendall, clerk, rector of Wollarton, co. Nottingham, 
complainant, against Robert Hardy alias Hardinge, esquire, 
defendant, setting forth that he and his predecessors have been 
wont from time out of mind to receive as a portion of tithes 
due to them a moiety of the tithes of all corn, grain and hay 
and of all other tithes growing, etc., within certain lands 
called " Semperingham Lands," containing 500 acres, lying in 
Bramcoate, co. Nottingham, and being without the said 
parish or rectory. The defendant, being possessor of the 
said lands, has of late years, in 1661 to 1668 in particular, 
withheld payment of the said tithe, etc. 24 (390) 

There are numerous other Court rolls, accounts, etc., of 
the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. 



324 

Household Accounts, Etc. 

1304-5. — Extracts from roll of household accounts of 
[Henry, Lord de Grey of Codnor]. 

[Endorsed ;] — Rotulus domus de expensis apud Codenover 
[Codnor, co. Derby] a die Jovis proxima ante festum Sancti 
Nicholai Episcopi [Thursday, 3 December, 1304], anno regni 
regis Edwardi filii regis Henrici XXXIIJ°, usque ^ 

Memorandum, quod die Jovis proxima ante festum Sancti 
Nicholai, anno regni regis Edwardi xxxiij, venerunt 
Dominus et Domina cum tota familia apud Codenovere. 
In pane furnito, xvj. quarteria frumenti ; in cervisia braceata, 
xxiiij. quarteria vj. buss[elU] brasei ordei ; j. perna de stauro ; 
ij. carcos[ia] multonum de stauro ; in iiij. gallinis emptis, 
YJd. ; in prebenda Ij. equorum, ij. quart, vij. buss, et tercia 
pars busselli avene. Die Veneris sequenti, panis et cervisia 
de stauro ; j. kemp [=barrel ?] allec[iorum] athameat' 
[z=broached, from Old French attamer] ; iiij. lenges de stauro ; 
in codling empt[is], xd. ; in lamperu7i' [=rlampreys] empt[is], 
iiij<5. u]d. ; in prebenda xxxvij. equorum ij. quart, j. buss, 
et dim. et tercia pars avene. Die Sabbati sequenti, videlicet 
in vigilia Sancti Nicholai, panis et cervisia de stauro, j. hemp* 
allec[iorum] de stauro, vj. lenges de stauro ; in codling empt[is] 
pro festo, ix5. ; in lamprun^ empt[is], xs. ; in allocacione 
barillorum pro eisdem cariandis, YJd. ; in anguillis emptis, 
iiij5. vjcZ. ; in congruo [= conger-eel] empto [erasure]; in 
sturgon\ empt[is], vJ5. ; in conduccione ij. equorum de 
Lincolnia usque Lamel' [Lambley, co. Notts], iJ5. iij^. ; in 
diversis cordis emptis, \\]d. ; in expensis dicti Thome circa 
dictam providenciam faciendam, \\s. Y']d. per iij. dies ; in 
prebenda Iiij. equorum, iij. quart, ij. buss, avene ; j. caseus 
pond[erans] i. petram et v. libras ; alius caseus pond[erans] 
ix. libras ; et tercius caseus de Rewann'^ pond[erans] 
iiij. libras ; ij. libre butiri ; in xl. libris candelarum emptarum 
de Parys, ys. ; item in xij. libris candelarum de Parys, 
xviijc?. Summa [of preceding expenditure of money and stores]. 

Die Dominica in festo Sancti Nicholai, panis et cervisia de 
stauro ; iij. quarteria [carnis] bov[ine] de stauro ; viij. 
carcos[ia] multonum de stauro ; j. porcus in fressyng^ ; 
j. aper de stauro; j. cingnus [= cygnus] de stauro; viij. 
porcelli de stauro ; xiiij. auce de stauro ; in xxxv. gallinis 
pro coquina emptis, iiiJ5. \\\]d. ob. ; j. pec¥ frumenti pro 
coquina ; in x. gallinis pro falcon[ibus] emptis, xvcZ. ; in 
iiij. panyers emptis, Yi]d. ob.; in iiij. boUis et j. parapside 

1 The last date mentioned is Wednesday after the Purification [3 February, 
1305]. 

2 According to Rogers, History of Prices, i, p. 17; ii, p. 180, rewannum 
means aftermath. This is confirmed by the occurrence of rewayng, rewaine in 
Roquefort's Glossaire, which are evidently Norman or Northern French forms 
of the French regain For aftermath or winter cheeses, see the quotations in 
the New Erhfjliah Dictionary, s. vv. " aftermath " and " eddish." 

3 Not in the New English Dictionary or the glossaries. It can hardly be 
the old French fresenge ( =Germ. frischling) ' young (wild ?) boar.' 



325 

pro coquina, xiijd. ; in iiij. oUis terreis pro cadem, ]d. ; in 
pine' pro salsa, ijd. ob. ; in stramine empto ad ponendum 
sub ollis in carett[a], j^. ; in wastell[is] pro coquina, Y]d. ; 
in iij. quarteriis et dimidia de oleo nudum ^ (sic), i]s. vnjd. ; inij. 
lagenis et dim. cenapey,^ xd. ; in j. lagena gyngiberis 
et ij. lagenis de galentyn [a kind of sauce], iiJ5. ; 
in dimidia lagena de viride salso [= vertsauce], dim. lagena 
[vini] acri et dim. lagena de viridi succo [i.e. verjuice], xij(/. ; 
in c. pomis emptis, vj5. ; in cepis et aleis, vj(i. ; in ccc. ovis . . ob. ; 
in portagio eorundem, m.\d. ; in gentaculo carectar[iorum] 
Domini et aliorum serviencium, \i]d. ob. ; in vij. aucis silves- 
tribus et viij. annatibus domesticis, v. annatibus silvestribus, 
X. pluvers, xxix. cercell' [=teal, French sarcelle], Ij. minutis 
avibus, x]s. vijd. ; in expensis Rogeri de Neuton circa dictam 
providenciam faciendam in Notyngham per ij. dies, xiijd. ; 
^liberat[i] Thome de Radeclyve pro oblacionibus die Sancti 
Nicholai, xxd. ; item in donacionibus diversorum menestr^l- 
lorum, viJ5. iiijcZ. ; in oblacionibus in festo Sancti Nicholai 
per dictum Thomam de Radeclyve, ij<s. x]d., de quibus xxc^. 
per R. de Neuton ; liberati ad coquinam ij. casei pond[erantes] 
j. petram et vij. libras, vj. lagene lactis, et ij. lagene lactis 
pro pueris ; in prebenda iiij^^ viij. equorum, v. quarteria aven[e] ; 
in farina facta pro coquina, j. quarterium aven[e]. Die Lune 
sequenti, panis et cervisia de stauro ; ij. lenges de stauro ; 
in ccc. et dim. ovorum, i]s. i]d. ; in prebenda Ij. equorum, 
ij. quarteria, v. buss, et dim. et ij. tercias aven[e]. Die Martis 
sequenti, panis et cervisia de stauro, i. quarterium 
bov[is] de stauro, iij. carcos[ia] multonum, iiij. auce de 
stauro ; in iiij. gallinis emptis, Y\d. ; in volatilibus, i]d. ; 
in prebenda xxj. equorum, j. quarterium i. buss, et dim. et 
ij. tercias aven[e]. Die Mercurii sequenti, panis et cervisia 
de stauro ; in lamprun' emptis, xi\d. ; allec[ia] de stauro ; ij. lenges 
de stauro ; in codling et influndr^ [= flounder] emptis, xij<i. ; 
in prebenda xxviij. equorum, j. quarterium et dim., j. buss, 
et ij. tercias aven[e]. Die Jovis sequenti, panis et cervisia de 
stauro ; in volatilibus emptis, i\d. ; j. gallina de stauro ; 
in falcon[ibus], ij. galline de stauro ; in prebenda x. equorum, 
iiij . bus. et dim. et tercia pars bus. aven[e]. Die Veneris sequenti 
panis et cervisia de stauro, dim. kemp' allec[iorum] de stauro ; 
j. piscis de stauro ; in prebenda xvij. equorum, vij. bus. et 
dim. et ij. tercias aven[e]. Die Sabbati sequenti, panis et 
cervisia de stauro ; j. piscis de stauro ; in codling et stokfys 
emptis, xvijcZ. ; in lampron' emptis, x^. ; in anguillis et pisce 
frisco, vijc^. ; iij. casei liberati ad panteriam, quorum ij. 
ponderaverunt ij. libras et ij. petras, et j. de Rewann' 
ponderavit iiij. Hbras ; in vj. libris candelarum Par[isiensium] 
emptis, ixd. ; v. lagene et dim. lactis pro coquina ; et ij. 
libre butyri ; in prebenda xxvj. equorum, j. quarterium et 

1 Nut-oil, made from walnuts or hazel-nuts. 

2 A preparation of mustard (Old French senei'ci, Fr. sney.' =Lat. ♦.s//ia - 
patum) ? 

3 This entry is run tlirough by the pen. 



326 

iij. bus. et ij. tercias avene ; in liquiricia empta per Rogerum 
de Neuton, ]d. 

, . . Die Lune sequenti [festum Sancte Lucie] . . . 
in carne pro falcon[ibus], ]d. . . . Die Martis sequenti 
. . . j. porous in fressyng de stauro . . . Die Mercurii 
. . . . j. kympe allec[iorum] de stauro . . . Die Jo vis 
in Vigilia Natalis Domini, in pane furnito vj. quarteria iij. 
bus. frumenti ; cervisia de stauro ; iij. lenges de stauro ; in 
codlinges et lamperunis emptis, iiiJ5. \\d. ; et xl. anguille venientes 
de Toveton [Toton, parish of Attenborough, co. Notts] de 
stauro ; in ovis emptis, x.d. ; in xij. libris candelarum 
Paris[iensium] emptis, xviijc^. ; et iij, libre sepi de stauro in 
alba candela facta {sic) . . . Die Dominica in festo 
Sancti Johannis Evangeliste infra Natale Domini ... in 
mustardo empto, iiijd!. ; in gingevere, Y]d. ; in galatin, vjd. ; 

. . . Die Lune sequenti ... in carne porc[ina] pro 
f alcon[ibus] empta, ]d. , . . Die Mercurii sequenti . . . 
in mustardo empto, i]d. ; in carne porc[ina] pro falconpbus] 
empta, ]d. ; et iiij. gallinis de stauro in falcon[ibus] expenditis 
. . . Die Sabbati sequenti ... in pisce aque dulcis, 
ni]d. ; in dimidia lagena mustardi, i]d. ; in dimidia lagena 
de gengevere empta, v]d. . . . Die Mercurii in festo 
Epiphanie Domini . . . j. A^em^^e allec[iorum], unde cc. et 
dim. allec[ia] liberata cum Domino versus Toveton, una 
cum iiij. lenges. . . . Die Veneris sequenti Dominus et 
Domina recesserunt versus Toveton. . . . Die Dominica 
proxima post festum Epiphanie Domini venit Domina de 
Toveton apud Codenovere. . . . Die Mercurii sequenti 
. . . in j. gallina empta pro falcon[ibus] Domini Ricardi 
de Grey, ijd. . . . Die Veneris sequenti . . . . j. 
kempe allec[iorum] attameat' de stauro. . . . Die Dominica 
sequenti [festum conversionis Sancti Pauli] venit Dominus ; 
. . . in cervisie empta apud Not[yngeham], xi]d. ; in Ix. 

lagenis cervisie de villa empt[is], ij5. YJd j. 

capreolus de stauro 

[Dorse.] 

Inxliiij.pync'i [= pint-pots?] pro buteler[ia] emptis, xiiijc?. 
in vj"*^ discis emptis pro coquina, XY]d. ; in iiij''^ parapsidibus 
pro eadem emptis, xv]d. ; in v. duzeyns cyphorum emptorum 
pro buteler[ia], xxd. ; in distribucione pauperum die Sancti 
Nicholai per preceptum Domini, iiij. bus. frumenti et iiij. 
quarteria siliginis ; et ij. kympes allec[iorum] pro eadem ; in 
faccione v. duzeyns carbonum, vs. . . . in iiij. libris sepi 
ad albas candelas faciendas ; in furfure pro canibus, j. quar- 
terium avene ; iij . libre uncti de stauro pro palef [ridis] Domini ; 
in parcam[ena] empta, iid. ; ... in sotularibus Radulfi 
de coquina. Yd. ; iiij. libre sepi ad albas candelas faciendas ; 
in lumylyn^ empt[o], \d. ; in cingulis et capistris emptis 

1 The Promptorium Parvulorum gives pinca as a rendering of pycher. 

2 Candle-wick (cf. French lumignon) ? 



pro palef[ridis] Domini, xvijfZ. ; .... in oblacionibus 
Domine et familie diebus Natalis Domini, Sancti Stephani, et 
Sancti Johannis, iiJ5. iiijcZ. ; ... in furfure faciendo pro 
canibus in vigilia Natalis Domini, j. quarterium avene ; in 
oblacionibus Domine et Lucie de Someri die Sancti Thome 
Martyris, i]d. ; in gingevere, galatino et mustardo emptis et 
liberatis cum Domino versus Lincolniam, xiujd. ; in expensis 
H., capellani, apud Burton et Lych[feld] sequentis episcopum 
Cestrie per ij. dies pro negociis Domini, xd. . . . in j. 
capistro empto pro le hakenay Domine, id. 24 

[1509.]— Extracts from fragmentary account book, of which 
the upper portion of the leaves has perished from damp. At 
foil. 3, 10, Michaelmas, 1 Henry VIII. [1509], is mentioned 
as falling within the date of the account. 

[1509.] 
[Fo. 3.] 

Item to my Lorde Prince foUe [= fool] . . . . iii]d. 

Item for a gowne cloth to my Mr. of London 

russett XXXVJ5. xd. 

Item for a c. horiges [= oranges] vd. 

Item to Robart a [=^ of] Stabul whan he went with 

my Mr. gowne to the Courte . . . . . . v]d. 

Item to the taylar for making of a gowne of blake 

velvyt to my Mr. . . . . . . . . . . ijs. iiijc?. 

Item for alf a '^ard of velvyt to the same gown vs. Y]d. 
Item for iiij ^ardis of blake frysse to the same 

gown iiij5. viij(i, 

[Fo. 5.] 

Item to my Mr. at Wollaton for the perdoner of 
Burton Lazars [parish of Melton Mowbray, co. 
Leicester] iiij^. 

Item at Nothingham to the Frears iu]d. 

Item for mendyng of a hie way in Asby [Ashby- 

de-la-Zouche, co. Leicester] i]d, 

[Fo. 6.] 

Item on Thursday, the Ascencion Day, for iij . of my 

Mr. servand dynners at Gresyn [^=^ Gray's Inn] vj^. 

Item for my Mr. pension at Gresyn . . . . xxd. 

[Fo. 7.] 

Item for a horse harnes for my Mr. and the 
coveryng wyth blak when the kyng was 
beryed^ iiiJ6f. 

Item for the copye of the proclamacion . . . . xxd, 

1 Henry VII died 21 April, 1509, at Richmond, 



32$ 

. [Fo. 8.] 

Item for my Mr. servande dynner whan the kyng 

remevyd to Westm[ynster] from the Towre . . vs. xd. 

Item to Mr. Gartar [= Garter King at Arms] . . vJ5. vn]d. 

Item for makyng of my Mr. gowne of tynsill 
satten iiij<s. 

Item for viij 3ardes of blake satyn for my Mr. 

jakett ii]li. xiid. 

[Fo. 9.] 

Item to the skynner for furring of my mistres gowne [bla7ik] 
Item for nue fur for the same gowne of bodge 

[= fur made of lambskin] xs. yn]d. 

[Fo. 10.] 

Thies be the expenses made agaynst my Mr. marege. 

In primis for vij elne of holand cloth for my Mr. xiiiJ5. 
Item for a quarter of blak velvyt for my Mr. . . iij^. 

Item for fure for my Mr. of ffunys^ iijs. uijd. 

Item for vij. '^ardis of satyn for my Lady.. ..xvij5. v]d. 

Item for a quarter of velvyt ijs. ' xd. 

Item for iiij. ';ardis of whyt coton ij<s. 

Item for lynen cloth and aulettes^ ui]d. 

Item for ij. rownlettes [= runlets, small barrels] 

of sweit wyne xxJ5. uijd. 

Item for my costes, Antony and the carear . . xiiij(f. 

Item for a garnych [^=^ a set] of vessell . . . . xxix5. vijc?. 

Item for a chavyng {^=^ chafing] disch iij5. iu]d. 

Item for a ladill and a scomer xi]d. 

Item for nett fett and calvys fett viijc^. 

[Decayed portion.] 

^Item for my Lord of Shrowesbery mynstrell . . vs. 

"Item to Mr. Egerton mynstrel ii]s. m]d. 

fitem to Mr. Greslay mynstrel xxd. 

(item to My Lorde of Dudlai mynstrell . . . . xxd. 

Item to Dr. Vaisy cosse iij5. iiijc^. 

Item to Mr. Egerton servand xxd. 

Item to Anthony for his costes to Wolloton . . viijd^. 

Item in almys ]d. 

Item at Horslay [Horsley, co. Derby] for horse 

meyt YJd. 

Thies be the expenses made by Richard Berwyhe at Myghelmas 
terme, the reigne of Kyng Henry the VIIJ.''' the furst yere of 
his reigne. 

In primis for v yard of tawney for my Mr. cloke xxiiiJ5. 
Item for a 3arde of blake cloth for my Lady . . iiij5. 

1 Fur of the beech-martin. See New English Diet. a.v. ' foyn,' ab. 1. 

2 For agulet, an aglet, tag, tape, etc. (French aiguillette) 



329 

Item for a 3ard and a dim. of blake velvyt for 
gardyne [== ' guarding,' bordering] of my Mr. 
cloke xvj5. 

Item for vij. elne of holan cloth for my Mr. ..xiiij5. viijc^. 

Item for alf a grosse of blake sylke poyntes^ for 

my Mr ij5. vjcZ. 

Item for a gyrdil of silke for my Mr iiJ5. i[iijc^.] 

Item for a suard gerdil for my Mr iiij . . . 

[Total of payments : 102^. 145. lO.^cZ.] 

[Signed :] Henre WyUu[ghby]. 205. 

1516-17. — Extracts from account of " byeng of catell, of 
whom, where, and of what price " (some " at the feyer of 
Gravysende," " at Braksted [Brasted, co. Kent] Feyer," 
" the feyer of Cowden [co. Kent] " " at Wythyham [Wythy- 
ham, CO. Sussex] Feyre ") ; of " sellyng of catell and grasse 
to whom, where and of whate price " (fo. 2) ; of " necessary es 
for household " (fo, 3) ; of " necessaryes bought for hus- 
bondry and reparations " (fo. 6) ; of " byeng of graynes, 
of whom and of what price " (fo. 9) ; of " kyllyng of catell 
for the household from the xxj. day of Septembre, anno 
viij^ Henrici VIIJ'"'^ (fo. 9 verso). Endorsed with note of 
allowance in the account of William Walker finishing 13 
November, 9 Henry VIII. At the end is added in a cursive 
hand : " Memorandum, that the sixt day of May, anifio xj^ 
Henrici Octavi, ther ware goyng suche cattell as hereafter 
ensuyeth in the landes of Th. Willughby." 

[Fo. 3.] 

Item for a stone of derezheyre for mendyng of 

the paksadelles yd. 

Item for half a fote of leder for Jak Fole . . . . ixd. 

Item for makyng of Jak Folez cote and hosys . . yd, 

[Fo. 3 verso.] 

Item paied to Ryvers for Petur money rent of Myl- 

brok and of the Bore Place [in Chiddingstone] id. oh. 

Item for a peyer of shoys for Jak Fole . . . . viijc?. 

Item for a pale of yeste . . \d. 

Item for a peyer of shoys for Jak Fole . . . . Yi\d, 

[Fo. 4 verso.l 

Item to the parysshe clarke for his quarter wages 

endyng at Mydsomer xijrf. 

Item for makyng of Jak Folys cote viijc?. 

Item gevyn to the fryer of Aylysford [Aylesford, 

CO. Kent] iiij<^. 

[Fo. 5.] 
Item for lether for Jackes shoys viijc?. 

1 Laces or tapes for securing the hose to the doublet. See New 
English Dictionary, s.v. * point ' B II 5 (p. 1050). 



330 

[Fo. 7.] 

Item to the same Edmund [Chapman] for plank- 
yng of the pewys in the chapell at Chedyngstone 
[Chiddingstone, co. Kent] viij^. 

Item to Gourde for sawyng of ccc fote of bourde at 
Moreden [Morden, parish of I^ewisham, co. Kent] iijs. 

Item to the same Gourde for sawyng of dim. c 
[= half a hundred] fote of bourde for plankyng 

of the chapell at Chedyngstone Y]d. 

205 

1520. — Account of "James Leche, gentylman, stuarde to 
vSer Hary Wyllobe, Knygth," from 2 August to 7 December, 
12 Henry VIII. ^ of purchases of food and household stores 
(" frech a cates "), payments of labourers' wages, cost of 
mowing and haymaking, necessaries (ironmongery, plaster, 
horse-shoeing, cooperage, ' gryndyng of crabbys to make 
verges ' [= verjuice], gathering the crabs), purchase of beasts, 
rewards, purchases of malt and barley, and Midsummer 
wages. Receipts : 133/. 10.5?. M. Signed by Henre Wyllugliby. 
" Summa totalis solucionum hujus libri : cxxxjZ. xxijcZ." 205. 

1520, December 4, to [27 December] 1521. — Extracts from 
account of John Levissey, [servant] of Sir Henry Willoughby, 
Knight, of household expenditure, 12 Henry VIII. 

[1520.] 

[Fo. 3.] 

• Item for Hwght Large cosse and Glyftwnse to 
Bremegam [Birmingham] the Saytwrday, the viij. 
day off December, for a nyght and a day wen 
thay went for Myster Bremygam servand . . xv]d. 

Item to Wylliams Clyftwn thatt he layd downe 
off Hawle Hawlen [=A11 Hallows] nyght to the 
ryngarse at Macstoke [Maxstoke, co. Warwick] 
chyrche viij^. 

Item to the ryngarse in the abbay chyrche . . viijc?. 

Item to Myster Bawdwen [Willoughby] the same 
day [December 16] wen he went to Lwndwn to 
delyver to Mystrys Mare Harbotyll to pay her 
gay re makyng, and the raysydewe to pwt in 
her pwrse xl5. 

Item payd the Fryday, the xxj. day off Decem- 
ber, for a payre off hose for Mrs. Alse [=rAHce] n]d. 

Item payd for vj. yerdes of yelow sylke to make 
her hed lasws [:= laces] . . . . . . . . vid. 

1 This appears to be the date of the audit. The second folio reads 
•• The yere and the reyne of Kyng [Honry] the VIIJ the xij yero and the 
vij da ye of Decembur " (1520), 



S31 

[Fo. 3.] 

Item the same day, the xxij. day of December, 
to the corwesar [ = ' corviser,' shoemaker ] of 
Lechefeld for a dyscharge off a byll for chowse 
[= shoes] and bowts for my Master and hys 
chelder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix5. vjc?. 

Item the same day for a gely bage and a creme 
clothe for the cowke . . . . . . . . . . xijrf. 

Item the Sunday, the xxiij. off December, for 
iij. howpys for a lowme [= drinking vessel] in the 
botere . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiji. 

Item the same day for chowryng [=: scouring] 
off the kechyn waysyll . . . . . . . . ]d. 

Item to my myster on Crystjmmes day to play 
at ye cards . . . . . . . . . . . . iij5. ui]d. 

Item off Sent Stewyn's day for a bwrdyn of 
ryshews [= rushes] . . . . . . . . . . ]d. 

Item to my Mr. the same day [December 27] to 
play at the cardes at Mystrys Dygbese . . x\]d. 

Item to my Mr. the same day [Sunday, Dec. 
30] to play at the cardes . . . . . . . . xxd, 

[1521.] 

Item to my Mr. upon the Twelfte day to play 
at the cardes . . . . . . . . . . . . iJ5. 

[Fo. 4.] 

Item alawd for chowyng [== shoeing] of the 
blake nayge [=nag] the same tyme . . . . u]d. 

Item payd to Mystres Eelsabeth the same day 
[January 12] for nelne [=^dbn ell] off lynyn clothe 
to make her hose . . . . . . . . . . v']d, 

[Fo. 5.] 

Item for yowre reward to ij. mayddes that 
gawe yow a powsay . . . . . . . . i]d. 

Item the Munday, the xxj. day of Januari, to my 
Mr. wen he was maryed, to lay on the bowke . . xxs. xxd. 

Item for his oferyng . . . . . . . . Yu]d, 

Item the same day to my Mr. to play att the 
cardys . . . . . . . . , . . . . . xxd. 

Item to Nycolys that he layd downe afore that 
tyme att Cossell to the armytt [= hermit] off 
Polsworth [Polesworth, co. Warwick] . . . . iiijt?. 

Item for oferyng candyll on Candylmes day for 
yowre selfe and yowre servandes . . . . xvjc?. 

Item for yowre oferyng wyth yowre candyll . . in]d. 

Item for yowre pencyon at Greyse In.. .. iiJ5. ni]d. 

Item for yowre dener . . . . . . . . Yn]d. 

Item for yowre dener that ye were by hynd 
the last yere . . . . . . . . . . . . Yn]d, 



332 

Item in almys att Sent Lowese att Dunstable ]d. 

Item to a pyper att Bernaytt [Barnet, cos. 
Herts and Midd.] j^. 

Item for the prononstycacyonse [= prognosti- 
cations] . . , . . . . . . . . . ]d. 

[Fo. 6.] 

Item for xij. maner of sedys for a garden . . xi]d. 

Item for yowre brotherhayd [= guild or religious 

fraternity] att Lowdlowe . . . . . . . . xijfZ. 

Item the Munday, the xxv. day of Faibrwari, 

for yowre oferyng att IVIr. Dygbyse obytt . . iiijcZ. 

[Fo. 8.] 

Item to Pernell for fastyng off Sent Katerse 
evyn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ni]d. 

Item the Munday, the viij. day of Aperyll, for 
ij. skayne of blake sylke . . . . . . . . ui]d. 

[Fo. 9.] 

Item for Clyftun cosse [= costs] to seche the 
hawkys off Sw ttun wen thay were stowlne . . iujd. 

Item for yowre brother-hayd off Owre Lade's 
gylde off Bostun . . . . . . . . . . xi]d. 

Item for yowre reward to ij. men that gaytherd 
for Sent Jamys shapyll by syde My Lord off 
Dwdlayse . . . . . . . . . . . . in]d. 

[Fo. 10.] 

Item the Sunday, the xix. day of Maye, to the 
Wythefrayrse of Cowentre for yowre brother-hede xijd. 

Item payd to Brage for showtynge att the 
bowttes . . . . . . . . . . . . i]d. 

[Fo. 12.] 

Item the Weddunseday, the iij. day of July, 
fo[r] yowre reward to them that wachyd the stake 
[=;stag?] that ye send to the kyng .. .. iJ5. 

[Fo. 13.] 
November. 

Item to my Mr. of Awle Haloweday to play att 
the cardys . . . . . . . . . . . . iiJ5. iujd. 

Item to a mayd that gawe yow a powsay . . ]d. 

Item to Mystrys Esabell wen she went to Lentun 
fayre wyth my lady, by yowre commondment . . xxs. 

Item to m}^ Mr. the Thwrseday, the vij. day, to 
play at the cardse wen the pryar of Macstoke 
was at Mydylton . . . . . . . . . . iiJ5. iiijc?. 



333 

Item to Dowltun for hys cosse to the- weker 
[r= vicar] off Astun [Aston, co. Warwick] wyth 
a fawkon . . . . . . . . . . , . injd. 

[Fo. 14.] 

Item the Thwseday, the xxvj. day, to my Mr. 
to playe att the cardes . . . . . . . . xxd. 

Item to my Mr., the xxx. day of November, 
to playe at the cardse . . . . . . . . xxc^. 

[Fo. 15.] 

Fray die a kates at Mydyltun frome the xvij. day of Januari. 

Item payd to Gaylyfe the same day for fyche 
agaynste Mr. Fayghtarbard [=:Fitzherbert]comyng 
to Mydyltun . . . . . . . . . . iij5. viijc?. 

Item for ii^ hosterse [= oysters] to Gaylyfe . . viijc?. 

Item for caryage . . . . . . . . \\d. 

Item for a wodkoke the same day . . . . \d. 

Item the Sunday, the x. day of Marche, payd 
to the bakar off Cossoll for xviij. dowson of wettyn 
[znwheaten] bred that was spende att yowre maryage xviij5. 
Item for otte [=oat]kakys the same day .. ijd^ 

[Fo. 16.] 

1520. 

Freche akates at Macstoke jrom the v. day of December in 
the xif'. yere off Kyng Henry the VIIJ. 

[Fo. 17.] 
Item for halfe a qwarter of branne for doge bred viijei. 

[Fo. 19.] 

1521. 

Item for viij. off yowre serwandes dener att 
Graysenn [= Gray's Inn] . . . . . . . . xixff. 

Item in almys att Graysenn . . . . . . ]d, 

[Fo. 23.] 

Item in almys the Munday, the xvij. day of 
June, to on' that gaytherd for the presonarse att 
Notyngham . . . . . . . . . . . . ]d 

Item for bred and ale att the bonefyre on 
Mydsomer evyn . . . . . . . . . . Yn]d 

Item the Thwseday, the xxiij. day of July, for 
yowre reward to Gresbrowke's dowghter for a 
powsay goyng to Lechefeld ]d 



334 

[Fo. 28.] 

Rewardys. 

Item for yowre reward to Mr. Dygbyse nowrse 
wen ye kyrstynde [= christened] his shylde 
[=r child], the laste day of Awgwste . . . . xijff. 

1520. 

Item to the armytt Egertun the same day 
[Dec. 22] for reward . . . . . . . . . . xijc?. 

Item the Fryday, the xxviij. day of December, 
for yowre reward to Hertt the gunnar wen he 
com fwrthe off Yerelande . . . . . . . . iiJ5. iiiJ6?. 

Item for yowre reward to hys faylase [= fellows] xxc?. 

Item the Sunday, the xxx. day of December, 
J for yowre reward to a mynstryll of the Fraynche 
» Kwenys . . . . . . . . . . . . \\s. 

Item in almys the same day [December 31] 
to a skolar . . . . . . . . . . . . i}d. 

[Fo. 29.] 
1521. 

Item for yowre reward to a pore man that was 
robyd by sy[de] Sir Edward Fajrrysws [=Ferrers ^] 
the same day [Jan. 4] . . . . . . . . iiijc^. 

Item in almys the same day [Jan. 16] to ij. 
skolarse . . . . . . . . . . . . ij^. 

Item the Thwseday, the xxij. day of Januari, 
.for yowre reward to ij. chalandse [:= canons] and 
.jthe orgyn-playar of Macstoke Abbay .. .. iiiJ5. 

Item for yowre reward to Myster Beltnopse 
[=Belknapp's]^ playarse the same day .. .. y]s. viijc/. 

Item the Thwrseday, the xxiiij. day of Januari, 
for yowre reward to the dwke off Bowkyngam 
playarse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vJ5. viijV. 

Item the Thwseday [= Tuesday], the xxix. day of 
Januari, for yowre reward to ij. frayrse onn 
Merydyne [Meriden, co. Warwick] haythe [= heath] iiijcf. 

Item for the oferyng att owre Lady att Cowentre iiijr/. 

Item the Waydwnesday for yowre reward to 
ij. frayrys att Dunstable . . . . . . . . viijc/. 

Item in almys to a man that lyse bedrydyn as 
ye goo to Westmynster . . .... . . ]d. 

Item the Fryday, the viij. day of Faybrwari, 
for yowre reward to the prest that chorowve 
[= shrove, shrived] yowe att Saywowe [= the 
Savoy] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viijcZ. 

1 Of Baddesley Clinton, co. Warwick. See Dugdale, Antiquities of 
Warunckahire, p. 711b. 

2 Sir Edward Belknap of Weston, co. Warwick. See Dugdale, Antiqq. of 
Warwickshire, p. 408b 



335 

[Fo. 30.] 

Item the Munday, the xj. day of Faybruari, 
for yowre reward to the armytt Egerton . . mid. 

Item the Thwrseday, the x[i]iij. day of Februari, 
fo[r] yowre reward to Mr. Worthe chylder wen 
thay wentt to Swtton [Sutton Ooldfield, co. War- 
wick] to the skowle . . . . . . . . . . iiijd. 

Item the Munday, the xj. day of Marche, for 
yowre reward to my Lady off Polseworth gentyl- 
woman wen the chowtyng [= shooting] was ther i]s. 

Item for yo^vre reward to Wyld off Tomworthe 
the same day that the chowtyng was by twextt 
Polseworthe men and yowrse . . . . . . xxd. 



[Fo. 31.] 

Item for yowre reward to a preste that browght 
a letter from Myster John [Willoughby] frome 
Rowme [= Rome] . . . . . . . . . . xxd. 

Item the Thwrseday (sic), the ij. day of Aperyll to 
the wemyn that gaytherd for Owre Lady's lyght j - 
att Mydylton . . . . . . . . . . . . m]d. 

Item Thwrseday, the iiij. day of Aperyll, for 
yowre reward to the waytys off Notyngam . . xxd. 

Item for yowre reward the same day to the 
bowxe att Fowls se worthe that gaytherd for Owre 
Lady . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiijc?. 

Item for j^owre reward to the maydse off 
Powlseworth . . . . . . . . . . . . ij<i. 

Item for yoAvre oferyng att the rewde [=rood] 
off Notyngam the same day . . . . . . iu]d. 

Item for yowre reward to ij. lytyll frayrys . . injd. 

Item for yowre reward to the pryar . . . . xijd. 

Item to the wemyn of Wyllarton that gaytherd ,- 
for Owre Lady's lyght . . . . . . . . iiijc^. 

Item for yowre reward to the frayrse att 
Notyngham . . . . . . . . . . . . in]d. 

Item for yowre reward to Sir Herre Sayche- 
werylse [= Sacheverel's] mynstryll. . . . . . x\]d. 

Item the Thwseday, the x[i]j. day of Marche, for 
yowre reward to the wayttes of Laycytre . . xi]d. 

Item the Fryday, the xij. day of Aperyll, for 
yowre reward to ij. frayrse off Notyngam that 
was goyng to Sent Mykylse Movvntt . . . . viijc^. 

Item for yowre reward to my Lady off Powlse- 
worth mynstryll . . . . . . . . . . ui]d. 

Item the Sunday, the xiiij. day off Aperyll, for 
yowre reward to Sir. Cowmberfordse mynstryll . . viijc?. 



336 

[Fo. 32.] 

Item the Sunday, the xv. (sic) of Apery 11, to Elys 
that he layd downe to the men of Bremygeam 
wen ye gawe them a doe, by yowre commond- 
mentt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxd, 

[Fo. 33.] 

Item for yowre reward the Thwseday, the xviii. 
day off June, to the kolyarse that was senkyng a 
pytt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiij(i. 

Item for yowre reward to Mr. Storlayse [= Strel- 
ley's] mynstryll . . . . . . . . . . Yu]d. 

Item for yowre reward the Weddunseday, the 
xix. day off June, to a frayre off Taykylle [= Tick- 
hill, CO. York] goyng toward Oxford . . . . in]d. 

Item for yowre reward the [=to] a frayre off 
Notjmgam the Sunday, the xvj. day off June, 
that praychyd att WoUartoun . . . . . . xi]d. 

Item the Thwseday, the xxv[i]j. day off June, 
for yowre reward to ij. wemyn that^ wesshed 
layd [^lead] ore as ye went to Sent Anny's^ i]d. 

Item to wemyn that gaytherd layd ore . . ]d. 

Item for yowre reward the Fryday, the xxx. (sic) 
day off June, to a woman that browght a botyll 
of wyne from Lentune . . . . . . . . jd. 

Item for yowre reward to a mayde that gawe 
yow a garland off Sent Peter's ewyn att the 
bonefyre . . . . . . . . . . . . ]d. 

Item for ale att the bonefyre . . . . . . iiij<^. 

Item in almys to ij. clarkys the same day [July 
15] iid. 

Item the Saytwrday, the vj. day off July, for 
yowre reward to yowre serwandys that ranne in 
the medowe . . . . . . . . . . . . m]d. 

Item to the foxe taker for takyng off ij. foxses ij5. 

[Fo. 34.] 

Item the Sunday, the vij. day off July, for 
yowre re[ward] to a serwand off Mr. Mowmfordse 
toward a nale [= an ale, feast] . . . . . . .... 

Item in almys the same day to ij. pore men 
that com frome Rowme . . . . . . . . i]d. 

Item for yowre reward to the armytt of Bindon, 
the xxiiij. day of July . . . . . . . . xxd. 

Item for yowre reward to the kyngse myn- 
strylse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iiJ5. iiijcZ. 

Item to a frayre that praychyd in the chapyll xxd. 

1 the, MS. 

2 St. Ann's Well, Buxton, co. Derby. 



337 

[Fo. 35.] 

Item for yowre reward to my Lorde Mowntt 
Egle mynstryll, the xxvij. day off September .. yn]d. 

[Fo. 36.] 

Item the Thwrseday (sic), the xvij. day, for yowre 
reward to the armytt [== hermit] Mytton . . . . iiijdJ. 

Item for yowre reward the same day [All Saints' 
day] to Recheart Swebsun for brengyng of kwenses 
[z= quinces] . . . . . . . . . . . . Yii]d. 

[Fo. 36.] 

[Item for] yowre reward to a Welche prest that 
comme by [the] waye wen ye were of hwntynge iiiyl. 

Item for yowre reward to the playarse of Tom- 
worth of Sent Stewense day . . . . . . iijs. ni]d. 

Item ta ij. pleye[r]se of Sent Thomas day . . iiJ5. m]d. 

Item to the playarse of Mydylton . . . . i]s. 

Item dely vered to my Lady on Good Friday . . vli. 

Item delyvered to my Lady whan she went to 
Lenton Fayre . . . . . . . . . . xli. 

Summa totalis infra hunc lihrum : cccli. viij<5. 

[Signed :] 

Henre Wyllughby. John Levesey. 205. 

1521. — " Receites be me Dame Alice Wyllughby from 
the feste of the Anu[n]ciacion of Our Blessed Lade in Marche, 
in [the] xij^^ yere of Kyng Henry the VIIJ**" " Decayed 
from damp. Contains payments of wages, accounts of money 
paid to the weaver and notes concerning cloth woven by him. 
(In hand of Dame Ahce ?). 205. 

1521-3. — Extracts from account of John Levissey, ' ser- 
vaunte unto Syr Henry Wyllowghby, knyght,' commencing 
28 December, 13 Henry VIII, [and ending 7 January, 1523]. 

[Receipts : 300Z. Is. lid. plus 6/. Is. Qd.] 

[Fo. 3.] 
Paymentes. 

1521. 
[December.] 

In primis a pon Noweyer's Ewyn [= Eve] iii 
reward to Rowfe Berlott sowne [==son] for 
bryngyng of a capun for a praysand . . . . ijd. 

Item to the berber, the same day iiij^. 

1522. 
[January.] 

Item in rewarde to your offesars on Nweyerse Day 
in the mornyng viiJ5. viijc?. 

M22 



338 

Item for Shengleton cosse [= costs] to Ser Ryse^vpp 
Thomas, the same tyme, to fayche yowre frese 
yakyd [= jacket] xs. 

Item in reward to the keper of Wallay Parke 
[? Wooley, parish of Morton, co. Derby], the 
same tyme, for bryngyng of a dowe iiJ5. n\]d. 

Item in reward to the playarse of Sylyoll [Solihull, 

CO. Warwick], the ij. day of Januar[y] .. .. i]s. viij^. 

Item to Wyllam Cokys, the viij. day of Januar[y], 
wen ye sende [=sent] hym to mete Mr. John' 
[Willoughby] wen he com home vJ5. yHjcI, 

Item in reward to a frayre, the same tyme . . m]d. 

Item for on' of yowre serwantt cosse to Wyllogh- 

ton [==Wollaton] Yu]d, 

Item for a stryke of molte and a nother of berly, 
the same day [11 January], for a horse that ye 
send to Sir Rysewpp Thomas xxjd. 

Item to a pernar [= pardoner] of Sent Antony 

the xij. day of Januar[y] ui]d. 

Item for pentyng the rowde [=^ rood] in the chapell iiJ5. iu]d. 

Item in rtjwarde to ij. skolarse, the xx. day of 

Januar[y] i]di 

Item for Hwght Large cosse and myne to Cowen- 
tre, the same time [January 31], caryng a pray- 
sand to Myster Gclynse vjrfg 

Item payde for a commbe and a premer [ = primer] 

for my Mr., the same tyme y^d. 

Item for a kyrtwll of fwstyon and lynyng for 

Mystrys Mare . . viij^. viijc?. 

Item for lynyng a jakyd for my Mr., the same 

tyme iij5. xd, 

[Fo. 4.] 
Sequitur Fehruarii. 

Item for Shengleton cosse into Walse [—-Wales] 
wyth a horse that ye bowght of Mr. Edward 
[Willoughby], the fyrste day of Faybruari . . y\s. viijcZ, 

Item in rewarde wen ye went to kyrston [= chris- 
ten] Myster Crosby's chylde, the ij. day of Fay- 
brwary xs. 

Item for a payre of showse for Mystrys Mare, the 

V. day viijc?. 

Item in almys, the same day [5 February] . . . . i\]d. 

Item delyver'd to Mr. Edward [Willoughby] by 
yowre commondment, by the handes of Henry 
Mermyon, wen he went to London xxs. 

Item for a kyrchow clowthe for Mystrys Mare, the 

ix. day of Faybniari, by yowre commondment xviijc?; 

Marche. 

Item for my cosse to Wolloghton comyng and 
g03mg, lyyng a nyghte by the way, the vj. day 
of Marche vij(i. 



339 

Item to the berber, the viij. day of Marche . . m]d. 

Item for wyne at Notyngam, the same day . . vjc?. 

Item paid to yowre almse men, the same day . . viijd. 
Item in reward to youre kowlyarse that was syngk- 

yng a pytte, the same tyme m]d. 

Item for yowre cosse att Maysam [Measham, co. 

Derby], the xij. day of Marche iiJ5. ixd. 

[Fo. 5.] 
Item in reward to the payryche preste of the towne, 

the same tyme [14 March], wen ye were shrewyn 

[= shriven] yii]d. 

Item for yowre hontys [= huntsman's, from A.S. 

hunta] cosse to Wylloghton [=:= Wollaton] wyth 

the howndes, the same tyme vjc?. 

Item for ho wide hemes [=: armour, war-gear] 

that ye bowght at Kynsebayry [Kingsbury, co. 

Warwick], the xvij. day of Marche xiij5. iiijc?. 

Item for hote cakys, the same tyme ijrf. 

Item in rewarde to Mr. Howlte serwant for bryng- 

yng of a praysand, the same tyme iiij^. 

Item for a dowblett clowthe of worstyd for yowre 

selfe ix5. ixc?. 

Item for a pwrse for yowre selfe, the same tyme ixcf. 

Item in reward to Myster Thwrland servauntes, 

the xxj. day of Marche, for laydyng^ of yowre 

powlse [= pools] .. vj<9. viijc?. 

Item for yowre cosse to Werwyke wyth xxx horse, 

lyyng forthe ij nyghtes, the xxij day of Marche xb. viijc/. 
Item for cordes for Myster Thwrland servauntes 

and naylse wen thay laydwd^ yowre pyttes . . xcZ. 

Item for cosse at Tomworth wen ye sat apon the 

mwster, the xxv day of Marche i\\s. 

Item for cosse at Bremygeam [Birmingham], the 

xxix day of Marche, syttyng of the sayd mwster vJ5. x\d. 
Item payd for fygse and rayswnse, the same tyme xvijd 

Item rewarde to the abbot of Merywall [Merevale, 

CO. Warwick] servauntt, the same day [March 

31], for brynggyn of a praysand iiijf?. 

Item to Bayke for makyng of gayre that Mr. 

Thwrland servauntt wroyglit wygh (sic) wyth vjc?. 

Aprell. 

Item for yowre oferyng att Garydyne [Garendon, 

CO. Leicester] the iij. day mid. 

[Fo. 6.] 

Item for bred and ale att yowre bray kef ast there 
[at Measham, co. Derby] att the lowge, the iiij. 
day of Aprill Y\d. 

1 'Lading' or drawing away of water. See New English Dictionary, s.v, 
' lade,' vh. II. 



340 

Item in rewarde to My Lordes horse keper . . iu}d. 

Item for cosse att Cosyngton [Cossington, co. 

Leicester], the same day viijc^. 

Item for yowre porrshon att yowre dener att 
Notyngam, the v day of Aprill, syttyng of a 
commycion vij5. iiijd. 

Item in rewarde to the Frayrse [= Friars], the 

same tyme vii]d. 

Item for horse maytt [==meat, i.e., food] ther, 

the same tyme . . ii]d. 

Item to Lwse for hyr gyfter^ kowlse, the same tyme Y]d, 

Item to yowre bedmen [=bedemen, almsman] 

the same tyme, for a monthe i]s. Yii]d, 

Item for yowre oferryng att the bayryng [=z bury- 
ing] of yowre bedman, the vj day of Aprill . . iiij^. 

Item for yowre porshon att yowre dener at Notyn- 

gam, the viij day, syttyng of the commycion ixs. yd. oh. 

Item in reward to on' of yowre colyarse, the same 

tyme, that mad annale [= an ale, a feast] . . iiijdl. 

Item for dowgke [r=:dog] kolerse and chense, the 

same tyme xxjc?. 

Item to My Lady, by yowre commondment . . viijc?. 

Item for Ser John' Chowche [— Zouche's] dowgh- 
tter cosse lyyng seke at Dayvysws [= Davis's] a 
day and a nyght, and vj wyth her \]s. viijc?. 

Item to Rowfe Kayghley wen he went to Mr. Sphy- 
weylliams [=^ Fitz William's] to serves, by yowre 
commondment xiiJ5. m]d. 

Item in reward to on' that browght yow ij houndes m]d. 

Item in reward to ij men that sarched yowre 
powlse [spools] in the horcheat [= orchard] 
att Wylloghton viijc^. 

Item payde for viij cranse [= cranes], the same 

tyme viiJ5. \\\]d. 

Item for his cosse that brought the cranse . . . . \\s. 

Item to Bayre, the xij day of Aprill, yowre almse 

man iiijcf. 

Item a lowde to Thomas Porter, the same day, that 
he delyver'd to Hwght Large to bye fayche 
[=:fish] att Laychefeld [ i^ Lichfield] .. .. xl5. 

[Fo. 7.] 

Item payd to Mr. Larke at Loundon, the xxj day 
of Aprill, for faychyng [= fetching] of a playge 
[= pledge] that was layde for the payment of 
xxx/i. for the sheryfwyke xxx?*. 

Item for Rowfe Baygelayse [= Baggaley's] cosse 

and myne to Lwndon vij5. xc?. 

Item payd for ij combys for my Mr., the same 

tyme \\\\d. 

1 Coal received as a gift or allowance or perquisite. See New English 
Dictionary, a.v. 'gifture.' 



341 

Item payd for an nyglys^ [:^an English] bowke, 

the same tyme m]d. 

Item for John Hogswn cosse into the northe con- 

tryth, the xxvj day of Aprill, to fayche mownay vJ5. Yu]d, 
Item in reward to yowre sowgearse [ = soldiers] 

of Wykyn [Wyken, co. Warwick] vii]d. 

Item payd for faytheryng of vj shefe of arowse, 

the same tyme [April 27] iiiJ5. Y]d. 

Item in reward to the sowgearse that Elys [Twrlay] 

browght i]s. iu]d. 

Item payd to the flaychear [=^ fletcher] in parte 

of payment for makyng of xi] shefe of arowse i]s. 
Item in reward to Mr. Langam the fycysyon, the 

xxix day of Aprill xs. 

Item to the fyrbyger [ — furbisher] for mendyng 

of hemes [== armour, etc.] \n]d. 

Item to the baker for bred that was dowlte [= doled, 

given as doles] on Good Fryday vs. 

Item in reward to a pore man of Swtton [Sutton 

Coldfield, CO. Warwick] the same tyme . . . . iujd. 

Item for yowre oferyng at Sent Kaylamse 

[= Kenelm's, i.e., Winchcombe Abbey, co. 

Gloucester], the last day of Aprill iiijc?. 

Maye. 

Item in reward to Mr. Cwmbwrford mynstryll, 

the same day [May 1] Yn]d, 

Item payd for powlyng [^:::; pulling] of lyng 
[= heather] that was layde on the powle [= pool] 
hayd [= ' head,' end], the same tyme . . . . iJ5. viij^. 

Item in rewarde to yowre sowlgearse of Sowlyold 

[Solihull, CO. Warwick], the xj of May . . . . iiiJ5. iiij^Z. 

Item for dressyng of a bownyt [= bonnet] for 

yowre selfe, the same tyme ij^. 

Item in reward to xij solgearse that Elys Twrlay 
browght iiij5. 

[Fo. 8.] 
Item to Mr. Swenfen sowgear, the same tyme . . viijd^. 

Item payd for vj shefe arowse, the same tyme.. vJ5. 
Item in reward to Powgyon sowgear, the same 

tyme yujd. 

Item in reward to yowre sowgearse of Cossell 

[Cossall, Notts,] and Shestoke [Shustoke, co. 

Warwick] ij5. 

Item delyver'd to Wj^llam Egerton, the same 

tyme, to condyth [= conduct] yow[re] sowgearse 

to Lwndon vli. 

Item in reward to Mr. Graye sowgearse . . . . ij5. 

1 This seems to be a Welsh speUing. 



34^ 

Item for bred and ale att Hense [Henn's], the xvij 
day, as ye wen[t] of hontyng to Happws Have 
[Hopwas Hay, co. Stafford, near Tamworth] . . iu'yl. 

Item for a gyrdwll for my myster, the same tyme 

[May 19] iiijcZ. 

Item in reward to on' that wentt abowte wyth a 

camell, the same tyme xxd. 

Item in reward to a serwant of Sawygws 
[i= Savage's] for bryngyng of a pyke from 
Swtton Powle, the same tyme [May 25] . . . . ijd. 

Item for showyng of Mr. Woldryffe horse at SylyoU 

[z= Solihull] cowrte, the same tyme iiijcZ. 

Item in almys ther, the same tyme ]d. 

Item payd for a jakyd clowthe for my Mr., the 

same tyme xijt9. xd. 

Item for lynyng for yowre jakyd, the same tyme 
[May 26] . / iiiJ5. 

Item in reward to on' that browght a pyke frome 
Hwght Hermwn and hys faylowse from Swtton 
Powle . m]d. 

[Fo. 9.] 

Item for John Haward cosse to Lwndon to cary 
ewy dense to Mr. Edward, the same tyme [May 
28] iiiJ5. ixc^. 

June. 

Item payd for a payre of knywys for my Mr., the 

fyrste day of June iu]d. 

Item delyver'd to My Lady, the iij day of June, to 

by gayre for Mysterys Mare Herbowtyll . . . . xiiJ5. iiijc^. 

Item payd to My Lady, the same day, that my Mr. 

bowrowed of her to gyfe in a reward . . . . iij5. iiij(^. 

Item a lowde to Hwght Aweray, the v day of June, 
that Hwght Large bowrowed of hym wen he 
bowght fyche att Lychefeld fayre xLs. 

Item for ale att Slade's as ye com frome hwntyng, 

the vij day of June viijd. 

Item for a qwyre of paper, the same day . . . . i]d. oh. 

Item to the perdner of Sent John Frare [-= Friary], 

the ix day of June viijc?. 

Item to Elys Twrnlay for yowre oferyng att Owre 
Lady of Downgcaster [Doncaster], the x day of 
June iiij^. 

Item in reward to play arse, the same day . . . . XY\d. 

Item a lowde to Hwght Large for hys cosse to 

Derby fayre, the same tyme [15 June] . . . . xvjc?. 

Item for yowre cosse to Werwyke, the xvj day of 
June, and xij horse wyth yow, lyyng ther a 
nyght^ \xs.\n\d.oh. 

1 The words ** lyyng ther a nyght" are run through 



343 

Item for ale at Robert Yamsws as ye went of 

hwntyng, the same tyme i]d. 

Item for ale as ye went of liwntyng, the same 

tyme ]d. 

Item in rewarde to Mr. Kwernby of Mydsomer 

Ewyn vj-s. viijci. 

Item r[eceywed] of my holfe yere wagews, the 

same tyme xiiJ5. iujd, 

[Fo. 10.] 

Item in reward to a frayre [= friar] of Cowentre 

that praychyd here, the same tyme iij.s. injd. 

Item in reward to Robert Jebse wen he was maryed, 

the same tyme ii]s. in]d. 

Item for strowbayrys, the same tyme ]d. 

Item payde to Ser John' Shortred, the xxv day of 
June, toward the fynddyng [= maintenance] of 
John' Germun's chylder xx5. 

Item in rewarde to Mr. Worthe chylde wen ye 
kyrstwnde [=: christened] ytt, the xxvj day of 
June . . . . x». 

Item in rewarde to the norse xxd. 

Item in almys there, the same tyme jd. 

Item for horse maytt ther, the sa.me tyme.. .. ]d. 

Item for a whytte bownytt [= bonnet] for Mestrys 

Mare Herbowtyll, the xxviij day of June . . iij.*?. iiiyl. 

Item for yowre cosse to Bremygeam, the same 

tyme, syttyng of a commycion iij<9. vd. 

Item in reward to the kyngse joglar, the same day iJ5. 

July. 

Item for yowre oferyng att the Holy Blowd of 
Haylse [Hailes, co. Gloucester] and Sent Kay- 
lamse [St. Kenelm's, Winchcombe Abbey, co. 
Gloucester], caryed by Mr. John [Willoughby], 
the fyrst day of July viijc?. 

Item for strowbayrys, the ij day of July . . . . ijc?. 

Item for blow threde to make hawkes' nayttes 

[= nets] viijc?. 

Item for peskods [=rpease], the iiij day of July id. 

Item for strowba3^rys, the v day of July .... ]d. 

Item for ale at Rowfe Bertlottes as ye wen[tj of 

howntyng, the same day iu']d. 

Item for strowbayrys, the same day jd. 

Item for a pay re of bowtes [:=boots] for my 
Mr., the same tyme u]s. 

Item for ij payre of sliowse for my Mr., the same 

tyme xx^. 

Item to Mr. Edward att London, the xij day of 
July, toward the payment of 1//. to the kyng 
that Myster Ha^aiyge [— Heneage] raysaywed. .xxxiiij'//. 



344 

Item for a grose of pownttes [= points i] for my 

Mr., the same tyme iiiJ5. i]d. 

Item for a gyrdwll of sylke for Mystrys Mare . . x]d. 

[Fo. 11.] 

Item for a payre of showse for Mystrys Esabell, 

the same tyme Y]d. 

Item for ownttment [:= ointment] to take fyche, 

by yowre commondment vu]d. 

Item to the caryar for caryage of halfe a lowde of 

wyne, the same day [18 July] iijs. i]d. 

Item in rewarde to on' of yowre almese men at 

Wolloghton iiij^. 

Item in reward to my lorde of Merywoll [the abbot 

of Merevale, co. Warwick] servaunt, the xx day 

of July, for bryngyng of a stayge [= stag] that 

was kylde there x\]d. 

Item in reward to John Watson wen he went to Ser 

John' Marcam to serwys, the xxiij day of July xxd. 

Item in reward to the kyngse mayssengere that 

browght a letter, the same tyme [26 July] . . i]s. 
Item in reward to the kyrstnyng of Mr. Slade 

chyld, the same tyme xs. 

Item in reward to the norsse xi]d. 

Item to Isbrand [Barnaby's] wyfe for ale wen ye 

went to mett Ser Wyllam Smyth att Tomworth vn]d. 

Item in reward to ij of yowre sowgearse . . . . xd. 

Item for strowbayrys, the same tyme [28 July] . . ]d. 

Item for dyacwlwn [= diachylon] for yowre fowtt i]d. 

Auguste. 

Item payd for v shefe of arow heddes, the fyrste 

day of Awgwste xxd. 

Item in reward to iij. sowgearsse that Elys [Twrlay] 

browght, the same tyme . . . . xd. 

Item payd for xviij shefe of arow heddes, the 
same tyme vJ5. 

[Fo. 12.] 

Item for the carte[r]sse cosse to Wolloghton, the 
same tyme, to fayche [= fetch] hemes [= armour, 
etc.] xiiijc^. 

Item in reward to a sowgear of Tomworth, the 

same tyme xijc^. 

Item in reward to a xj men that comme wyth Elys iijs. viijc?. 

Item in reward to a sowgear for a case of arowse . . xi\d. 

Item to Nycolys Uppejohn for a case for hys 

arowse xijc?. 

Item payd for xiij arow casws, the same tyme . . ixs. ixd. 

1 See page 329, note 1, above. 



S45 

Item for yowre browther-hedde [= guild or frater- 
nity] o& John of Powlse [St. Paul's] . . . . m]d. 

Item payd to Wyott of Drayton [Drayton Basset, 
CO. Stafford] for Ivj (sic) yerdes of whyte clowthe 
to make sowgearse kotes, after Yi]d. 6b. {sic) 
the yerde, the same tyme xxxvjs. \i\d, (sic) 

Item payd at Lechefeld, the same tyme, for as 

myche whyte, by the hands of Gefferay Blow. .xxvJ5. viijc?. 

Item payd for a yerde a qwerterne and a dim. 
[= half] quarterne of redde clowthe to make 
crowsws [:= crosses] for yowre sowgearse . . . . iiiJ5. lid. 

Item payd for whyte threde for the taylerse, the 

same tyme, that sowde thayre whyte kotes . . iJ5. ixd. 

Item payd to the taylarse for thayr wagews . . xvj5. vijc^. 

Item to Henry Brasbryg by yowre commondment 
wen he went wyth Mr. Edward [Willoughby] 
ower the see, toward the byyng of a horse . . y]s. Yii]d. 

Item payd to Wyllam Clyfton, the same tyme [4 
August], of a byll of acompte payd to yowre 
almse men and other paymenttes, by yowre 
commondment . . ixs. vd. 

Item for Shengleton cosse to Lundon wyth Mr. 

Edward v]s. vn]d. 

Item for my Mr. cosse to Atherston [co. Warwick] 
syttyng of a commycion, the viij day of 
Awgwste iJ5. iiild. 



[Fo. 13.] 

Item for the carter's cosse to Stretford wyth Mr. 

Edward . . . . xiij^. 

Item for yowre cosse to Cowentre, the x day of 
Awgwste, X horsws wyth yow and Mr. Arthon 
and vj horsws wyth hym, lyyng ther a nyght ixs, xd. 

Item in reward to a frayre that praychyd at the 

towne chyrche, the same tyme iiJ5. iiijf?. 

Item for ale at Lytwll Swtton [Little Sutton, 
parish of Sutton Coldfield, co. Warwick] as ye 
wen[t] of huntyng, the same tyme iiijrf. 

Item for yowre dener at Rowgby [Rugby, co. 
Warwick], the xvj day of Awgwst, and all the 
commyssyners wyth yow xs. iu]d. 

Item in rewarde to my lorde of Kyllyngworth 
[the abbot of Kenilworth's] ofesarse [= officers], 
the same tyme [19 August] i]s. viijrf. 

Item payd for a payre of howse lynyng for m^^ Mr. 

att Tomworthe, the same tyme m}d. 

Item a lowde to My Lady that wantyd [=^ was 
wanting] of the hole sowme of the condyth 
[= conduct] mownay, the xxij day of August, 
that Mr. Edward [Willoughby] send [— sent] vs. 



346 

Item in reward to the underkeper of Dratton 
[= Drayton Basset, co. Stafford] the same 
tyme, for bryngy[ng] of a bowke [= buck] . . xi]d. 

Item in reward to the underkeper of Kynsbayry 
[Kingsbury, co. Warwick] Parke wen yowre horses 
was faychyd frome thense, the same tyme . . iu]d. 

Item for bred and ale and wyne and keshyn 
[r= kitchen charges] and horse mayt att Leche- 
feld, the xxvij day of August, and xx horse 
wyth yow vs. v}d. 

Item for a kote clowthe for Mr. Henry Wyllowgh- 
by, the same tyme iiJ5. 

Item payd to a none of None Eton [Nuneaton, co. 
Warwick], the xxviij day of August, for bowrd- 
3mg of John Gemnwn's chylder of Coshington 
[Cossington, co. Leicester] xa. 

[Fo. 14.] 

Item in reward to Mr. Wolnawle for lowkyng uppe 
of the shyryffe bowkes xs. 

Item in reward to Mr. Laynard Slade vj.9. viij(/. 

Item in rewarde to the bayshoppe of Lechefeld . . y]s. viijrf. 

Item in reward to Mr. Hwght and Mr. Worthe 
chylder wen that (sic) went to Swtton [Sutton 
Coldfield, co. Warwick] to the skowle . . . . x[]d. 

Item in reward to the waytes of Werweke . . . . xi]d. 

Item in reward to ij mynstryles xij^. 

Item in reward to the armytt [=: hermit] Egerton iiij^Z. 

Item in reward to ij mynstrylse viijc?. 

Item in reward to Mr. Sphyherber [= Fitzherbert's] 

mynstryll viij^. 

Item in reward to Mr. Trewelyon servaunt . . . . ij^. 

Item in reward to Ser Randwll of Browton myn- 
stryll Yu]d. 

Item in reward to Rycheart Hwght, the baker 

of Tom worth, wen he was maryed xxd. 

Item in reward to a frayre of Werweke . . . . viijcZ. 

September. 

Item in reward to Mr. Langam, the fycysion . . iiJ5. m]d. 

Item payd for plowwerse [^^ plovers], the same 

day [5 September] v]d. 

Item in reward to on' that browght a bowke 
[=: buck] from Stonton Parke, the vj day of 
Septembre xijd, 

[Fo. 15.] 
.Item in reward to the keper of Powlay [Pooley, 
parish of Polesworth, co. Warwick] Parke wen 

ye kyld a bowke ther ij,9. viijc?. 

Item for a payre of showse for Mr. Hwght . . . . v'nid. 

Item in reward to the keperse of Stonton Parke i]s. 



347 

Item in reward to on' that gayther'd for a hye 

waye, the same tyme iiijc?. 

Item in reward to the keper of Olderkar [? Alder- 
car, near Pentrich, co. Derby], the vij day of 
Septembre, wen yow kylde a bowke ther . . xxd. 

Item in reward to the kepers of Downyngton 
[Castle Donington, co. Leicester] Parke, the x 
day of Septembre vs. 

Item in reward to the kepers of Notyngam owtt 

woddes, the xij day of Septembre iij5. iiijf^. 

Item for bred and ale and shese [= cheese] ther, 

the same tyme xi]d. 

Item in reward to on' of yowre solgearse that com 

frome Mr. Bawdwyne Wyllwghby viijc^. 

Item in reward to Rowgear Layche [=:Leech], the 
xvj day of Septembre, wen he gawe yow so we 
[= salve] for yowre fowte xijc?. 

Item in reward to a sowgear of Mr. Saychewerell m]d. 

Item for ale as ye went of hwntyng at Bowlwell 

[Bulwell, CO. Notts] \n]d. 

Item payd to yowre almse men, the xiij day . . vijd. 

Item in reward to the keper of the owtwood, the 

xvj day, wen ye kylde a bowke [=: buck] ther xxd. 

Item payd for a bande for Mrs. Mare kyrtwll and 

mendyng of hytt, the same tyme [20 September] iiijei^. 

Item for a payre of showse for Robert Swenfen . . xd. 

Item for hawkysmaytt, the same day ]d. 

Item for Mr. Kwernby cosse to Laycytre, the xxij 
day of Septembre, to speke wyth the baycheope 
of Lyncolne xijd, 

[Fo. 16.] 

Item for bayre [= beer] att Wedowsunse [= Wid- 

dowson's], the same tyme i}d. 

Item payd to My Lady, the xxvij day, for canmes 
[= canves] to make on' of yowre almsemen a 
raateres xxd. 

Item to Fowgard of Lenton [co. Notts.], the laste day 
of September, for taychyng of Rycheart Browne 
to knytt nettys xij^. 

October. 

Item in reward to Rowgear Layche, the fyrste day 
of Octobre, for sowwe [=- salve] for yowre 
fowtte iiJ5. iiiid. 

Item for John' Hawward cosse to Pyngkaryge 
[Penkridge, co. Stafford] fayre iij dayse, ij 
horsws wyth hym xx^'d. 

Item to Ser Wyllam Webstar, the ij day of October, 
to pay yow[re] almsemen for iij monthys. . . . vij.<?. 

Item in reward to on' that browght a praysand.. ijfZ. 

Item for yowre oferyng att the rowde [:^ rood] 



348 

of Gary dyne [Garendon, co. Leicester] . . . . ni]d* 

Item for hawkes mayte, the same day ]d. 

Item in rewarde to My Lorde of Garydyne [the 

abbot of Garendon, co. Leicester] ofesars , . viijc^. 

Item in reward to Mr. Edward [Willoughby's] 

chylder, the same tyme, att Powlsworth . . . . xi]d. 

Item in reward to on' that browght payrse 

[= pears] iiijcZ. 

Item for lynyng for Mr. Hwght kote and Mr. 

Kerry's iij5. 

Item for ij pay re of hose clowth for Mr. Hwght xi']d. 

Item for a bownynytt [read bownytt = ' bonnet '] 

for Mr. Hwght and Mr. Henry i]s. in]d. 

[Fo. 17.] 

Item for a mayd that browght rowchews [^rushes] ]d. 

Item payd for paper, the same day [11 October] iiijd. 

Item in reward to on' that caryed letters to Mr. 

Edwarde, the xiiij day of Octobre xx^'c?. 

Item in almys as ye went to Sylyold [== Solihull 

CO. Warwick], the xv day ijd. 

Item payd for bowtes and showse for yowre selfe, 

the same day vj<s. 

Item in reward to Alse Foxe wen she went a way . . xx*'c?. 

Item for yowre oferyng at a preste syngyng, the xx 

day of Octobre, at Mydwlton iiJ5. in]d. 

Item for yowre gentyll wemyn oferyng . . . . xi]d. 

Item to a perdner of Bwrton Laysarse [Burton 

Lazars, parish of Melton Mowbray, co. Leicester] iu]d. 

Item payd for a cotte clowthe for Mr. Hwght vs. i]d. 
Item in reward to a blynde mynstryll . . . . ui]d. 

Item in reward to Mr. Arthen servant for bryng- 

yng of a praysand Y]d. 

Item payd for xij arow casws, the xxvj daye . . viJ5. 
Item in reward to a mynstryll, the same day . . xij^. 

Item to the frayrsse of Lechefeld, the same day xvJ5. vu]d. 
Item for a payre of hose for Mystrys Mare . . vijc?. 

Item in reward to a pore man of Badselay [Bad- 

desley, co. Warwick] i]d. 

Item in rewarde to ij. sawgearsse off My Lorde 

Fayrys [Ferrers], the xxviij day of October . . viiid. 

Item for a payre of knytt slewys for Mtrs. Mare Y]d. 

[Fo. 18.] 

Item for heryng, the same tyme injd. 

Item in rewarde to on' that browght kwynses . . i]d. 

Item to the browar for a bowle of now [= new] ale ui]d. 

Item in reward to ij skowlarse . . i]d. 

Item for ale as ye went of hwntyng i]d. 

Item for heryng, the same tyme iiijf^. 



349 

Item in reward to ij of yowre sowgearse att thayre 

comyng home xv]d. 

Item for yowre oferyng of Awle Halow day . . iiijc^. 

Item for yowre gentylwemyn oferyng iiijc?. 

Item to the ryngarse of Awle Sawle nyght . . . . yii]d. 

Novembre. 
Item in reward to Mr. Smythe sowgears, the iij 

day of Novembre, as they com homward. . . . iiijc?. 

Item in reward to yowre chyldern att Powlesworth 

[Polesworth, co. Warwick] the same day . . . . xij<?. 

Item in reward to the ancrys [= female anchorite], 

the same day viiji. 

Item in reward to yowre sowgears of Powlsworth ijs. 

Item in reward to ij sowgears of Notyngamshyre xi]d. 

Item payd for v yerdes of lynyng for a slefles 

jakyd for my Mr., the v day of Novembre . . i]8. ]d. 
Item in reward to a sowgear of My Lord Lylse 

[== Lisle's] m]d. 

Item for John Hawward cosse to Lewenton(?) to 

send Germund to Ser Edward to Lowndon . . vijc?. 

Item for Mystrys Mare cosse to Sent Kaylamse 

[z=z Saint Kenelm's, Winchcombe abbey, co. 

Gloucester] xij^. 

Item in reward to My Lorde Soferycan [= suf- 

ragan's]^ serwaunttes wen he halowed the belse 

att Mydylton iiJ5. injd, 

[Fo. 19.] 

Item in reward to yowre potter's wyfe, the same 

tyme m]d. 

Item in reward to a sowgear, the xiij day . . . . iiijc?. 

Item to Mr. Berweke, the same time, that ye send 

[^=z sent] hym wen the sekenes was in hys howse vj<s. viijc?. 
Item payd for iiij pesws of chemlett [—camlet], 

the same tyme [18 November] iii]li. vs. 

Item payd for a nelne of worstyd, the same tyme y]s. v'ujd. 
Item payd for v yerdes and a halfe of welwytt Ivs. 
Item for a qwyfe [=:coif] for my Mr., the same 

tyme ii]s. 

Item payd for a bowgyd [= bucket ?], the same 

tyme viijc?. 

Decembre. 

Item for cosse to Mr. Grayslayse [== Gresley's], 
the xiiij day of December, and raywarddes to the 
kepers xj5. m]d. 

Item payd for a pwrse for my Mr., the xviij day 
of Decembre xd 

1 William Sutton, consecrated bishop of Pavada ' in partibus ' for the 
diocese of Coventry and Lichfield on 9 August, 1521 (Stubbs, Registrum 
Sacrum, second ed., p. 202). 



350 

Item payd for a hatband, the same tyme, for my Mr. vijcf. 
Item payd for on' yerde of crane koler sernett 

[= sarcenet], the same tyme iiiJ5. Yu]d. 

Item in claspys and kepers, the same tyme . , ijc?. 
Item payd for iij yerdes of chamlett, the same 

tyme vjs. y]d. 

Item payd for ij ownsws of raybyn, the same 

tyme ij5. Yd. 

Item payd for xxij yerdes of lynyng, the same day ix5. vijr^. 
Item payd for ij yerdes of canmes [= canvas], the 

same [day] xd. 

Item payd for ij yerdes and a holfe of bokeram xx\]d. 
Item payd for a payre of knytt sieves, the same 

[day] Yi]d. 

Item for a payre of howse for Mr. Hwght . . Yn]d, 

[Fo. 20.] 

Item payd for xj elne of shert clowthe for my Mr. xviijs. iii]d. 

Item payd for fwrre for a dowblete m]d. 

Item in reward to a pore man that dwelse a Lyn- 

drese Lowge^ the same tyme [20 December] .. m]d. 

Item to the berber of Cossell that he was by hynde iiijc?. 

Item payd to the flaychear for ij shefe of arowse i]s. Yu]d. 

Item payd to Thakar for brydwlbyttes . . . . xx^. 

Item to Mr. Hwght to bye shaftes [= arrows] .. i]d. 

Item in reward to on' of Mr. EwyrellDygby ser- 

vaunt xxd. 

Item in reward to my Lady abbas [of Poles worth, 

CO. Warwick] servaunt m]d. 

Item for my holfe yere wagews on Crystynmes 

Ewyn [= Eve] xiiJ5. iiijc^. 

Item for yowre oferyng on Crystynmes Day . . m]d. 

Item for yowre gentyllwemyn oferyng i]d. 

Item to Mr. Swynfen servauntt that kepys hawkes, by 
yowre commondment, to by him gayre [=gear] iiij.9. 

Item a lowde to Wyllam Clyfton by j^owre com- 
mondment that he layde downe for a jakyd for 
owlde Glowwer [== Glover], yowre almse man n]s. iiijt?. 

Item in reward to yowre sowgears of Sowlyold 
[=z Solihull] that went wyth Mr. Bowdwen 
[Baldwin Willoughby] iij 5. iii]d. 

Item in reward to on' John Wryght of Stafford- 
shyre that was of the kweste of the Hegerton 
[Egerton] mater ' v*. 

Item payd for holfe a dowsyn of dowgke cowpwls 

[ --dog-couples] of Sent Thomas day ui]d. 

Item for menddyng of Mr. Hwght bowe . . . . iJ6^. 

Item in reward to the playars of Canke [= Can- 
nock, CO. Stafford] of Sent Thomas day in 
Crystynmes xi]d. 

1 Lindridge Lodge in Sutton Coldfield Chaso (Leland, Itinerary, iv, p. 109), 
CO. Warwick. 



351 

[Fo. 21. J 

j Item in reward to my Lorde Baycheoppe of Layche- 

\ feld of Sent Thomas day in Crystynmes . . . . v]s. viijf?. 

^ Item in reward to hys servaunttes xi]d. 

Item payd for ij M. [=^ thousand] pynse, the 

same tyme xi]d. 

Item to my Mr. to playe at the cardes iiJ5. iiijc^. 

I Item to a mynstryll, the same tyme, that was a 

' servaunt of the dowke of Bowkyncom's . . . . iij5. iiijc?. 

1523. 

[January.] 

Item in reward to yowre ofesars of Nowyer's day . . xj.9. Yu]d, 
Item to my Mr. to play att the cardes of Nowyer's 

day iiJ5. iii]d. 

Item to a pore man of Shesshyre iu]d. 

Item for yowre reward to the playars of Mydwlton xxd. 

Item to My Mr. to play att the cardes, the same 

tyme iiJ5. iu]d. 

Item a lowde to Crampton for redde clowthe that 

he sowght at Cowentre wen yowre sowgears 

wen[t], and for hys cosse thether iiJ5. ]d. 

Item delyver'd to my Mr. by the handes of Gabrell 

Berweke to play att the cardes ijt9. iii\d. 

Item payd to Myster Ser Edward as dothe a payre 

by a byll for cosse at Lundon at Mykyllmes 

terme xxxviJ5. 

Item payd for iij quyrs of papar for Mr. Awdyter viijd. 

Summa totalis solucionum hujus lihri iit patet : cclixli. vn]s. ]d. 

[Signed in another hand :] Henre Wyllughby. 205. 

1522, February 6 to [December].— " The boke of Wollaton 
made vj day of Februarii, in the xiij yere of the rengne of 
K[yng] H[enre] VIII," bound in four folios of a late 12th 
century service book. Accounts of payments for agricul- 
tural expenses, necessaries for the household. 

[Fo. 6.] 

" Stoffe boughte at Lechefylde Feyre, the v day of 
Marche," being fish and expenses in connexion therewith ; 
cost of " fresche accattes " to 12 October (fo. 22). 

[Fo. 15.] 

Item to William Wod for goynge a pylgermage 
[November 2] iiij^. 

[Fo. 16.] 

Item for my Lade's costes to Wollaton, the xxvj. 

day of Auguste i]s. iu]d. 

Item paid to a man for makynge of iiij dossen of 

charcolle [31 August] . . . . , vj5. vii^d. 



352 

[Fo. 33.] 

Item paid for iiij/i. of waxse agenste Estur for the 

seypuUcur tappurs iiJ5. 

Item for makynge of the same i]d. ob. 

Item paid at Darbe Feyre, the xxvj day of Apprell, 
for XXX** wethers .. .. iiij^i. x]d. 

[Fo. 34.] 
Summa hujus libri : cxxvli. iijc?. 205. 

1523. — Extracts from account of John Levissey, " ser- 
vaunte unto Syr Henry Willughby, Knyght," from 8 
January, 14 Henry VIII. until [December 19]. 

[Receipts: 154/. 135. Id.] 

1523. 

[Fo. 3.] 

[January.] 

Item in reward to yowre fowlars of Lyngcolne- 
shyre, the same tyme [11 January] xxs. 

Item to Mr. Mowmford for Mr. Hwght bowrde, the 
same tyme [18 January] xs. 

Item delyver'd to Mr. Ser Edward, the same tyme, 
wen he went to Lowndon to a tende yowre 
besynes vli. 

Item to the skowle mr. of Swtton [Sutton Cold- 
field, CO. Warwick] for Mr. Hwght [Hugh Wil- 
loughby's] skowle hyre, the same tyme . . . . n]s, iiijrf. 
-/Item in rayward to Mr. Sphyherberd [=: Fitzher- 
l bert's] mynstryll xi]d. 

Item to Pernell for fastyng Sent Katterne Ewen 
[= Eve] for my mayster iiijj. 

Item payd to the caryar that caryed yowre hemes 
i'rome Gales [= Calais] to Lomdon (sic) . . . . xxs, 

Februari. 

[Fo. 4.] 

Item payd for iiij elnys of lynyn clowthe, the same 
tyme [9 February], to make my myster nyght 
kyrschowse [== kerchiefs] iiiJ5. viijcf . 

Item payd for a horse hemes for my Mr. and a 
payre of stowroppe [stirrup] lay t hers, the same 
tyme iiJ5. \]d. 

Item payd for a cape for my mayster, the same 

tyme u]s. m]d. 

Item payd for mendyng of a wache, the same 

tyme xxd. 

Item payd or a sett of counters i]d. 

Item payd to the werke men that clenssyd yowre 

motte [= moat], the same day [21 February].. vj5. viijc?. 



353 

Item alowde to Hwght Large that he layd downe 
by yowre commondment to the berber iiijtZ., to 
Glowssopp for hys cosse to Wolloghton v]d., and 
for yowre wolantyne [=z valentine] iu]d xiiij^. 

Item to my Mr. to play att the cardes, the xxiiij 

day vii]d. 

[Fo. 5.] 

Marche. 

Item payd for swgar cande i]d. 

Item in rayward to a sawgear that come frome 

Paygyon viijcZ. 

Item payd for coperws f = copperas], the x day 

of Marche in]d. 

Item for yowre cosse to Werweke, the xij day of 

Marche, lyyng ther a nyght, ix hors.. .. .. xiJ5. xj(i. 

Item payd for a swger lowfe * . . . . iiiJ5. ijc?. 

Item in reward to a sawgear viij^. 

Item to Sawyge by yowre commondment for bryng- 

yng of XX vj dowsyn of tenshyws [= tench] . . YJs. vjc?. 

Item payd for a bowke [= book] for Mr. Hwght xijrf. 

Item in rayward to a sowgear of Mr. Swenfen's.. xxd. 

[Fo. 6.] 

Item for Wyllam Nowtman cosse into Notyngam- 

shyre for sawgears rydyng, the iiij dayse . . xv]d. 

Item for iiij sawgears cosse to Wollowghton . . xvjc?. 

Item payd to on' of the prebenders of Tomworth 
for kepyng of hys fwrste ray sy dens, the xxij day xl5. 

Item in rayward to the kynges pwrsywont, the 
xxvj day of Marche iJ5. 

Item for yowre porsyon at yowre dener att Sowl- 
yoll [SoHhull, CO. Warwick] at the makyng 
[=: induction] of the weker [= vicar] of Aston. . xvs. 

[Fo. 7.] 

Item in rayward to a frayre that praychyd att 

Wolloghton on Polmsonday xi]d. 

Item in rayward to a servaunt of Mr. Grayse that 
made a nale [= an ale, feast], the same day.. ij5. 

Item in rayward to a sawgear, the same tyme iii]d. 

Item in reward to ij frayre, the same tyme [31 

March] viij<i. 

Apprell. 

Item in rayw^ard to on' Smythe for kepyng of 

swanse xxd. 

Item for yowre oferyng of Shyre Thursday . . ui]d. 

Item for yowre gentyll wemmyn's oferyng . . . . iu]d. 

Item in rayward to Mr. of the Gray Frayrse of 

Leychefeld, the vj day of Apprell vJ5. viijc?. 

M23 



354 

Item in ray ward to the chyrche ale, the same 

tyme .... xijc?. 

Item in ray ward to the maydse of Mydylton toward 

Sentt Gorge lyght ni]d. 

Item in almys, the same tyme i]d. 

[Fo. 8.] 

Item to the perdner [= pardoner] off Owre Lady 

of Baydlam [:= Bethlehem] m]d. 

Item to Lawranse Wodnett, the same tyme [9 

April], for raytaynyng of men of lawe in Shes- 

shyre, as a payryth by a by 11 xxiijs. 

Item in rayward to a munke of Merywall [Merivale, 

CO. Warwick] xi]d. 

Item in almys to a nermytt [= a hermit] . . . . i]d. 

Item for bred and ale a[t] Coventre, the same day 

[11 April] .. .. ' \ xY]d. 

Item for kechyn iJ5. i]d. 

Item for horsse maytt xxijc?. 

Item for wyne xi]d. 

Item for yowre oferyng att Owre Lady of the 

Towre iiijrf. 

Item in almys ther m]d. 

Item for bred and ale att yowre lowgyng att 

Dunscherche [Dunchurch, co. Warwick] . . . . xvijfi. 

Item for kechyn, soper and brekefast xxiijc?. 

Item for horsse leyweray [= livery], the same 

nyght vs. 

Item for fyre u]d. 

Item in almys id. 

[Charges for bread and ale, kitchen, horsemeat, and fire 
at Wedon [Weedon, Northants], 11 April ; wine at Tawsyttwr 
[Towcester, Northants] ; bread and ale, breakfast, kitchen, 
horse-livery, fire, wine, mending a saddle, and alms at 
Stonystretford [Stony Stratford, co. Buckingham] ; bread 
and ale, kitchen, horsemeat, wine, fire, and reward to the 
Friars at Dunstable [co. Bedford], 12 April ; bread and ale, 
dinner and supper, kitchen, wine, fire, horsemeat, candle, 
and alms at Sent Talbonse [—Saint Albans, co. Hertford]; 
bread and ale, kitchen, wine, fire, horsemeat at Bernett 
[=Barnet, co. Hertford].] 

Item for wyne at yowre soper at Stelse [^= Steel's] Yd. 

Item to the berber m]d. 

Item payd for a quarter of befe, the xiiij day . . X5. Y]d. 
Item payd for a mwtton [= sheep], the same 

tyme iij5. m]d. 

Item for yekynse^ ixd. 

Item payd for a showlder of mwtton to Stelse wife lijd. 

1 Coupled with rabbits at p. 358. 



355 

[Fo. 10.] 

Item payd for [a] qwartwrne of wodde, the same 

tyme ^ . . . . xv]d. 

Item for halfe a stryke of salte xd. 

Item payd for a lame [=:lamb], the same tyme xx]d. 

Item in ray ward to a fray re . . . . ni]d. 

Item payd for iiij qwarter of sherkole [=:^ charcoal] xx^'cZ. 

Item for bwtter, the same tyme ]d. 

Item payd for a kylderkyn of bayre [^ beer] . . nichil. 

Item payd for spyse, the same tyme iiij 5. xd. 

Item payd to the caryar for caryage of gayre to 

Lundon XY]d. 

Item payd for a cypers,^ the same tyme .. .. ixd. 

Item payd for a payre of strype hawse [ = hose] 
for my Mr iiiJ5. 

Item payd for a galand of wyne, dener and soper xy]d. 

Item payd for ij dowsyn of sylke pontys [= points] xij^. 

Item for bowthyre then i]d. 

Item payd for fygse xi]d. 

Item for iij dowsyn of pontes for my Mr XYUJd. 

[Fo. 11.] 

Item payd for a glasse to drynke in ijc^. 

Item for John' Hawward cosse goyng to gresse 

wyth yowre horses ijd. 

Item payd for a baroll of bayre u]s. Y]d. 

Item payd for iiij qwarter of kowlys xxd. 

Item to my Mr. to pwtt in his pwrse ii]s. m]d. 

Item for a boxse of trayakwll^ Yu]d. 

Item for vij off yowre servaunt dener wen ye went 

to the Cowrtt, the xx day xixd. 

Item for wyne att yowre soper in]d. 

[Fo. 12.] 

Item for yowre servaunt dener att the Cowrtte, 

the same day xxijr/. 

Item for a qwarte of wyne at Westmynster . . iiijc?. 

Item for yowre servaunt a lowanse att the Cowrtte, 

the xxiij day of Aprell . . . . xxd. 

Item for horse maytt at the Cowrtte jrf. 

Item for a preraer for youre selfe m]d. 

Item for yowre servaunt dener at the Cowrtt, the 

XXV day of Aprell ij5. viijc?. 

Item for wyne, the same day viij J. 

1 Probably an article of attire made of the crape -like fabric known as 
cypress. Cf. New English Dictionary, s.v. ' cypress, 3, 2.' 

2 Treacle, not molasses, to which the name has now been transferred, but 
a medical preparation of some sixty drugs made up into a liquid electuary with 
honey. It was used as a remedy for colic, fevers, small pox, measles, etc., 
although originally invented as an antidote against poison. In French 
theriaqiie has replaced the older triacle, which is also derived from OijpiaKf]. 



356 

Item for yowre oferyng at Owre Lady of Runsy- 

wold,^ the same day ijc?. 

Item for grene gynger, the same day m]d. 

[Fo. 13.] 

Item in rayward to a clarke of the chonssry [ := chan- 
cery] for a copye of a 'panell in Lyncolne-shyre x\']d. 

[Fo. 14.] 
[May.] 

Item for yowre servaunt dener att the Cowrtte, the 

same day [1 May] xxijt/. 

Item payd for viij qwarter of charkole, the ij day of 
May iiJ5. i]d. 

Item for Ser Edward servaunt dener at the Cowrtte liiid. 

Item for yowre servaunt dener at the Cowrtte, the 

iiij day of Maye xijt/. 

[Fo. 15.] 
Item for my mayster dener at the tabwrne, the 

viij day of Maye vs. x]d. 

Item payd for a baskyd and a lowke [:= fastener?] 

for to carye swgar in y]d. 

Item for fryche fyche and bwtter and egse the (sic) 

wen My Lowrde Awdlay swpped wyth yow . . xs. 
Item for wyne att yowre soper, the same tyme.. ij.s. viijc?. 

[Fo. 16.] 

Item for yowre browther-hod at Owre Lady Gyld 

were Rycheart Shether dwelse xi]d. 

Item for yowre pensyon at Grayse In, the xv day 

of Maye v]s. vii]d. 

Item for yowre servaunt dener ther, the same tyme xijd. 

Item in almys, the same day ii]}d. 

[Fo. 17.] 

Item for wyne at yowre soper m]d. 

Item for appwls ]d. 

Item for yowre servauntes dener att the Cowrtte, 

the ixx [=xix] day of Maye x\]d. 

Item payd for confedse [=cumfits] XYi]d. 

Item payd for golde and sylwer for the coke . . xxd. 

[Fo. 21.] 

June. 

Item in rayward to a mynstryll, the iiij day of 

June iiijrf. 

1 The fraternity of St. Mary Runcivall occupied the site of a cell of the 
priory of Roncesvalles on the site of Northumberland Avenue and ad- 
joining Scotland Yard. See Stow's History of London, ed. Kingsford, 
ii, p. 100. 



357 

Item for Bayglay's [= Baggaley's] cosse for kyllyng 

a redd dayre a gaynste Mrs. Alys weddyng . . xi]d. 

Item in rayward to My Lady of Powlseworthe ser- 

vaunt for bryngyng of a praysand \n]d. 

Item in rayward to Mr. Trawelyon seivaunt for 

bryngyng of a dayre xijrf. 

Item in rayward to a frayre that praychyd att Mid- 

wlton, the vij day of June viij'f . 

Item in rayward to yowre hountte [= huntsman] iiijd. 

Item to the berber, the viij day of June . . . . iu]d. 

Item in rayward to mynstrylse the same day 

Mystrys Alse was maryed xx5. 

Item for yowre of (sic) hoferyng at Mystrys Alse 

weddyng iiijc^. 

Item for strowbayrys . . ijd. 

Item in rayward to My Lord of Dowdlay ser- 

vaunt for bryngyng of a dayre ijs. 

• 
[Fo. 22.] 

Item in rayward to on' that browght konys [=conies, 

rabbits] from Wolloghton xijrf. 

Item in rayward to the bowchear that helpyd the 
cokes to kyll bewys [= beeves] and mowton 
[= sheep] Yjd, 

Item to on' of Lyncolneshyre for bwtters [= bit- 
terns] and cranse [= cranes] a gaynste Maystrys 
Alyse weddyng v]s. viiji. 

Item for strowbayrys a[t] the same tyme . . . . vd. 

Item in rayward to the Frayrs of Co went re . . iiij^. 

Item for yowre oferyng at Owre Lady of the Towre m]d. 

[Fo. 23.] 

Item for yowre oferyng at Owre Lady of Brekell' 
[== Great Brickhill, co. Buckingham], the same 
day [13 June] iiijc?. 

Item in rayward to the ancres of Sent Talbonse 

[= Saint Albans] iiijc?. 

Item for wyne at yowre comyng to Lundon, the 

same day [14 June] iiijc?. 

[Fo. 24.] 

Item for stowfe to make yngke u]d. 

Item for ale at the Perlament chambwr . . . . jd. 
Item for yowre servaunt doner, the xix day, wen ye 

went to dyne wyth on' of the sheryffe of London xxd 

Item for neldse [= needles] for yowre gentwlwemyn ijrf. 

[Fo. 25.] 

Item for yowre cosse at the Cowrtte, the xxj day 

of June . . iujs. 

Item for yowre dener at Grayse In [23 June] . . viijrf. 



A 



358 

Item for cherys* the same day [24 June] . . . . iiijrf. 

Item for bred and ale at the bonefyre iiij^. 

Item for caryage of a nowfne [=an oven] home v]d. 

Item for wyne to the Sargans In [26 June] . . xv]d. 
Item in ray ward to a Rowme roner [= " Rome 

runner "] xi]d. 

Item for grene gynger iiijrf. 

[Fo. 26.] 

Item for a payre of glowfse for My Lady . . . . iujd. 

Item for cosse at the Cowrtt, the xxviij day . . xd. 

Item for rabyds and yekynse x]d. 

July. 

Item for ale at the Parlament Howse in]d. 

Item for aqwowyte [:=aqua vitoe] \\\}d, 

[Fo. 27.] 

Item to the clarkes of the Comon Howse . . . . xxd. 
Item to Stelse wyfe for howse rowme iij wekes xx,9. 

Item for wodde and fagottes . . iiJ5. iiijc?. 

Item in rayward to Stelse chylder and servauntes xxd. 

Item in rayward to the armytt x\]d. 

Item in ij cappys for Mr Hwght and Mr Draycot iij 5. viijc?. 

Item for a qwartwrne of golde xiiijcZ. 

[Fo. 28.] 

Item in rayward to a mynstryll viijc?. 

Item payd for a M. pynse vj^. 

Item in rayward to a mayde for bryngyng of a 

grene chese for a pray sand ijf?. 

Item in rayward to the preseners of Notyngam, the 

xvij day '\\\\d. 

Item to on' that caryed a brase of grewyses 

[= grouse] to Mydwlton m}d. 

[Fo. 29.] 

Item in rayward to a mynstryll, the same day 

[25 July] \\\]d. 

Item in rayward to ij sawgears of SowlyoU that 

com owtte of Skowtland xij(i. 

[August.] 
[Fo. 30.] 

Item in rayward to the kepers of Beskewodd 
[=Bebtwood, CO. Notts] wen ye kylde a bowke 
ther, the same day [3 August] iJ5. 

Item in raywarde to Mr. Stowrlay [= Strelley's] 

keper wen ye kylde a bowke ther xxd. 

Item in rayward to Mayster Stowrlay norse, the 

same day viijc^. 



359 

Item in ray ward to the kyngse jowgler, the same 

day [10 August] xxd. 

Item in ray ward to a sawgear, the same day [11 

August] xxd, 

[Fo. 31.] 

Item for yowre browtherhed to Sent Thomas . . iiij'f . 

Item in raywarde to the kepers of Drayton, the 

xvii day of Augwste, wen ye kylde a bowke ther iiiJ5. 
Item in ray ward to the keper of Banglay [Bangley 

Chase, near Tamworth, co. Stafford] for brj'ng- 

yng of a dayre home xi'jd. 

Item in raywardes to the kepers of Sherold 

[Shirrall Hall, parish of Drayton Bassett, co. 

Stafford], the xxij day, wen ye kylde a bowke ther iJ5. iiijc?. 
Item payd for v yerdes of saten in dypwrs for 

lynyng for a jakyd for my Mr u]s. iiijd, 

[Fo. 32.] 

Item for cosse at Bremygeam [= Birmingham], 
the XXX day of Auguste iJ5. 

Item for yowre browther hede at the Yelde 

[= Guild] of Bremygeam vj.9. viijf^. 

Item payd to the skowle Mr. of Swtton for Mr. 

Howe [= Hugh's] skowle-hyre y]s. YU]d, 

September. 

Item for yowre oferyng at Sent Gylse at Canwoll 
[Canwell priory, near Tamworth, co. Stafford], 
the fyrste day of September iiijc?. 

Item delyver'd to My Lady Anne by yowre com- 
mondment toward the byyng of a pelyon 
[—pillion] v]s. viijc?. 

Item for cosso at Monsfeld [Mansfield, Notts] 
the ix day of September, wen my Mr. rode to My 
Lorde Stoward iiiJ5. xjd. 

Item in rayward to a nolde serwaunt of My Lordes 
that showt [= shot] in a crosbow iJ5. 

Item in rayward to a frayre of Lechefeld, the xiij 

day of September viijf^. 

[Fo. 33.] 

Item in rayward to the keper of Dunyngton Parke 

for kyllyng of a tayke^ ther xijd. 

Item for my Mr. browther-hede of Sent John of 

Baywerlay [=:= Beverley, co. York] iiijc?. 

Item payd for dowge tayryttes^ and cowpwls and 

a shene [= chain] ijb-. viijc?. 

Item in rayward to a servaunt of Mr. Thwrland 

for bryngyng of ij swanse xijrf. 

1 Query meaning. 



360 

Item for yowre oferyng at Haylse [Hailes Abbey, 

CO. Gloucester] iujd. 

Item in rayward to a servaiint of Ser Ris ap Thomas 
for bryng[yng] of a fres cote to my Mr., the xxv 
day of September v]^. viijc?. 

Item in rayward to Mr. Bawd wen Wyllwghby wyfe, 
the same day [27 September] xxs. 

Item for her cosse fro me Wolloghton to Mydwllton 

and iij wyth her and mjme, comyng and goyng xvd. 

[Fo. 34.] 
Item in rayward to a nale [:=an ale, feast] for 
Hayner [= Heanor, co. Derby] cherche, the 
xxviij day of September vJ5. viij^. 

October. 

Item for my browtherhed of the Trenyte of 

Notyngam xxd. 

Item in rayward to a pore man toward the byyng 

of halfe a rowke^ of kolse •. y]d. 

Item in rayward to a frayre of Laycytwr [= Leices- 
ter] that praychyd at Wolloton, the xj day of 
October xijd. 

Item for my Mr. oferyng at Glower weddyng, the 

same day m]d. 

Item in rayward to olde fayther Rawson wen he 

went a way, the same tyme xx^^d. 

Item in rayward to a serwyng man that was wyth 

howtt a serwys, the same tyme m]d. 

Item for my Mr. browther-hede to the chapell of 

the Cey, the xij day of October iu]d. 

Item for my Mr. rayward to Glower wen he was 
maryed, the same day i]s. 

[Fo. 35.] 
Item payed unto Crampton, the same tyme [24 
October], for makyng of Maystrys Esabell Egerton 
gayre by the -space of ij yere, by my Mr. com- 

mondment v}s. iiijc?. 

Item payd for a yerde of welwytt for my Mayster 
gawberdyne [= gaberdine], the xxvj day of 

October xs. 

Item for vj yerdes of lynyng for his gawberdyne i]s. vii]d. 
Item in rayward to my Lorde of Swffolke berward, 

the xxviij day of October xi]d. 

Item to my Mayster to play at the cardes, the 

XXX day m]d. 

Item a lowde to Rycheart Egerton and yowre 
fawkner for iiij dayse hawkyng a bowtt Bewoll 
[Beauvale, parish of Greasley, co. Notts], by 
yowre commondment x^. 

1 For a • rook ' of coals, see page 169, note 1, above. 



361 

Item a lowde to John Hauward, the last day of 
October, for hys cosse to Pyngkeryge [Penkridge, 
CO. Stafford] Fayre wyth ij horsus, and frome 
WoUoghton to Co ventre, goyng and comyng . . iJ5. iiijfi. 

Item for my Mr. oferyng of Alhalow Day . . . . iiijrf. 

November. 

Item for my mayster rayward to the ryngars of 

Awle Sawle Day iiijrf. 

Item for ale at Notyngam for my Mr. as he comme 
frome My Lady Bayryns [= Byron's], the iij day 
of Novembre iiijc^. 

Item for warnysshyng of my Mr. spowrs, the 

same tyme i]d. 

Item payd for horse bred for Mystrys Stanope 
wen she was at WoUoghton, the xij day of 
Novembre . . v]d. 

[Fo. 36.] 
( Item in rayward to My Lord of Swifolk berward, 

* the same tyme [17 November] Yn]d. 

Item for cosse at Assheby, the same tyme, lyyng 

ther a neyght wyth xvj horsws xj,s. iiijc^. 

Item in rayward to Ellys, Mr. Trawelyon servaunt, 

wen he com frome Skowtland, the same tyme xijc?. 

Item in rayward to a servaunt of Henry Mer- 
myon's for bryngyng of a letter fr[o]me Wollowgh- 
ton the [read to] Mydwlton, the xx day of 

Nowember Yu]d. 

Item payd for a hatband for my mayster, the xxvj 

day of November xijc^. 

[December.] 
Item to my Mr., the ij day of December, to play 

at the cardes xijd. 

Item payd for viij skynse of biige and viij skynse 

of lamme for my mayster gowne viJ5. iiijc^. 

Item payd for iiij yerdys of raybyn for Maystrys 

Mare gowne, the same day [15 December] . . xvj(^. 

Item for a gyrdyll for Mrs. Mare, the same tyme xv]d. 

Item for a payre of showse for Mrs. Mare . . . . vijrf. 

Item delyver'd to My Lady, the xvj day of Decem- 

bre, by my Mr. comniondment to the byyng of 

a gowne for Mrs. Mare and lynyng therto . . xiij5. iiij^. 
Item a lowde to Robert Swenfen for hys cosse 

sechyng [= seeking] a hawke, by my Mr. com- 

mondment vijrf. 

[Fo. 37.] 
Item payd for papeur at the awdytt and for the 

ingrosshyiig of the audytt bowkes Yu]d. 

Summa totalis solucionurn hujus lihri : cxlix li. ys. ii\d. 
[Signed:] Henre Wyllughby. 206. 



362 

1523.— Extracts from "The bovvke of WoUatton made the 
xvij day of Januarii, in the xiiij yer' of the rengn of Kynge 
Henre the VIIJ*^ for the husholde," consisting of payments 
for threshing, ploughing, mowing, " scherynge rye and whete," 
and other agricultural expenses, repairs of buildings and 
implements, purchase of stores, at Wollaton and at Wyllugh- 
by ; (Fo. 20) fish bought at Sturburge 11/. 25. 5d. and 
travelling expenses thither and costs of carriage ; spices 
bought at the same fair ; (Fo. 22) " fresche accates at Wil- 
laton " (fish, including " conger and porposse," " rever fysche," 
mussels, cockles, oysters, crabs and mustard, bread, honey, 
raisins and figs, almonds, eggs, chickens, " iij dossen sparowys," 
vinegar, wine, ale, pigeons, capons, woodcocks, etc.), being 
weekly accounts from 28 February to 14 November, amount- 
ing in all to 12^ 155. 10 hd. 

[Fo. 2.] 

March 29. 

Item to the same Townysende for kepyng of come 

from the wylde gesse ui]d. 

[Fo. 6.] 
Item to a man for makynge xix'^^ kyddes [= fag- 
gots] of brome . . . . xxd. 

[Fo. 8.] 
For nesarys for the howsholde. 

Item payd, the same day [3 August], for maw- 

mysse [= Malmsey wine] for the prystes.. .. ijc?. 

Item for bred agenst My Lade's comynge 

[August 31] j^. 

Item paid, the same day, to Sysle [ = Cecily] 
Bawnnf ordde and hir syster for ij days gatherynge 
barberys viijc?. 

[Fo. 9.] 

Item paid for a pecke of wottmell [= oatmeal] Yd. 

For the makynge of a dossen and dim[idiam] 
charecolle vs. 

[Fo. 11.] 

For nessaris at Wollaton, 

Item for mendynge of the logge in the parke . . m]d, 

[Fo. 12.] 

For warkmens wagges. 

Item paid, the same day [4 October], to Swynscow 

wyfi for loggynge of straungera xiiij^. 



363 

Item paid, the xvij day of October, for iij men 
werkynge ij days and dim. at the quarell 
[= quarry] xxij(f. oh. 

Item paid, the laste day of Octobre, forgettynge of 

XX lady s [^= loads] of stone at the quarell .. iiij.9. '\]d. 

[Fo. 16.] 

Item paid to Spenser for dyckyng [^=: ditching] 
abowtt the connynger [:= rabbit-warren], the 
same day [3 April] viijc^. 

Item paid to Shaw son for hegeynge of the con- 

nyngre, the xviij day of Apryll xxc?, 

[Fo. 17.] 

Item paid for fysche for Ser Edwarde [Willoughby] 

beynge here . . . . ijc?. 

Item paid for iij cheykyns at My Lade's commynge 

and for brede m\d, 

[Fo. 29.] 
The xiij day of Marches for My Lade^s costes to Wollaton. 

Item for hir costes to Meysamham {sic) [Measham, 
CO. Derby] iiJ5. 

Item, the same day, for drynkynge at Jamys 

Brownys ii\\d. 

Item paid for My Lade's costes to Wollaton, the 

xxv day of Junii iiij<s. vd. 

Item for My Lade's costes att Nottyngham, the xvj 

day of Septembir iJ5. ]d. 

Item paid for My Lade's costes when sche lay at 
Wysall CO. [Nottingham], the last day of 
September i]s. i]d. 

1523-4. — ^^Extracts from account of John Lewyssay, 
** servaunt to Ser Henry Wy 11 wghby, knyght," from 20 Decem- 
ber, 15 Henry VIII. until [December, 16 Henry VIII.]. 

1524. 

[Fo. 1.] 
Item r[ay8aywyd] of Mr. Catysby, the xxvj day of 
Octobre, for the halfe yere rente of a nowyte 
[= an annuity] for the fyndyng of the chylder 
of Mr. Catysby and Mr. Th[w]rlande . . . . fyfty s, 

[Fo. 3.] 

1523. 

[December.] 
Item payd to the pryorys of Nwnhetun [= Nun- 
eaton], the XX day of Decembre, for the bowrde 
of John' Germon chylder that she was behynde, 
by the oommondment of my Mr xs. 



364 

Item in rayward to a frayre of Hatherston 
[--^ Atherstone, co. Warwick] for praychyng at 
Mydwlton, the xxj day of Decembre .... viijV/. 

Item in rayward to Pernell for fastyng Sent 

Catern's Ewyn for my ma^^ster, the same tyme iiijr?. 

Item in rayward to Gelyonse of Faslay [=:Faze- 
iey, CO. Stafford], the xxiij day of Decembre, 
wen he com home forthe of Fronse [France] xx^V/. 

Item in rayward to a play of Sent John' Day in 
^ Crestynmes xijc?. 

Item for my mayster and (sic) rayward to the 
J, playars of Sylyolle [= Solihull, co. Warwick] 

of Sent Thomas Day iij^. uijd. 

, I Item in rayward to the baychepe of Lechefeld, 

the same day vi]s. viijd. 

Item in rayward to on' of yowre taynand sonse of 

Mydwlton that wentt to the universyte . . . . xx^W. 

1524. 

[January.] 

Item in rayward to a frayre of Hatherston [Ather- 
stone, CO. Warwick] that praychyd at Mydwlton 
the V day of Januarii \\s. 

Item for my Mr. rayward toward the makyng of 
ij tapers at Mydwlton chyrche on the Twelfte 
Day ij5. \}d, 

[Fo. 4.] 

! Item in rayward to a blynde mynstryll, that was 
* \ the dowke of Bowkekyngam mynstryll, the xj 

day of Januari xx*'^. 

Item for cosse at the bayryng [= burying] of 

Maystrys Elsabayth, the same day [27 January] vJ5. Yd. 
' Item in rayward to playars of Longkashyre, the 

XXX day of Januari xij^. 

Item in rayward to a frayre of Warwyke that 
prayched at Mydwlton chyrche on Candelmes 
Day Y\\]d, 

[Fo. 5.] 
[February.] 

Item in rayward to on' that browght a letter frome 
Ser Edward Wyllwghby frome London, the 
same tyme [5 February] Y\d. 

Item in rayward to a showger [= soldier], the vj 

day of Faibruari viijc?. 

Item in rayward to viij wemyn that browght 
bremme [=bream] frye frome Kyngeshorste 
[Kingshurst Hall, parish of Coleshill, co. Warwick], 
the viij day of Faibruari xY]d. 



365 

Item in rayward to my Mr. wolantyne of Sent 

Wolantyne Day, the xiiij day of Faibruari . . iiijc?. 

[Fo. 6.] 

Item in rayward to the pore man of Lendryge 
Loge, the xvij day of Faibruari, wen he went to 
Sent Cornelys x\]d. 

Item payd for xij payre of baydes [= beads, 
rosaries] for the chapell iiijcZ. 

Marche. 

Item payd for bowkes [= books] for Mr. Dray- 

cott, the same tyme [2 March] i]s. Y]d. 

Item payd for the prononsty cations [= prognos- 
tications], the same tyme i]d. 

Item in rayward to a pore skoler, the v day of 

Marche " iiijdJ. 

Item in almys to ij skolers, the same day [12 

March] i]d. 

Item in rayward to Rycheart Browne for kyllyng 

of a cormerant, the xiij day of Marche . . . . i]d. 

Item for my Mr. oferyng on Shyrethwrsday . . i]d. 

Item for Mr. Draycott oferyng i]d. 

[Fo. 7.] 

Item for my Mr. browtherhed to Owre Lady of 

Bay diem [= Bethlehem] iiijrf. 

Aprill. 

Item in rayward to a pore preste, the fyrste day 

of Aprell iiijdJ. 

Item to Maystrys Mare, by my Mr. commond- 
ment, when she wentte to the kyrstnyng [=^ chris- 
tening] of Wyllam Whythe KystwU chylde . . XY]d. 

Item in rayward to the Whyet Fryeris of Cowen- 

tre, the xvij day xi]d. 

Item to Lowys, the xxiij day of Apryll, by my Mr. 
commondment, wen he wen[t] in to Walse 
[= Wales] xs. 

[Fo. 8.] 

Item to the wardon of the Grayfrayrs of Lechefeld, 
the same day, by my Mr. commondment, for 
hys halfe yere fee [sum (Ss. 8c??) erased]. 

Item in rayward to on' that made the pumpe, the 

same tyme [25 April] Yn]d. 

Item for Rycheart Tyler cosse to fayche the 

pumpe maker viijrf. 

Item in rayward to on' that browght my Mr. 
worde were the redd dayre [= deer] le [= lay], 
the xxviij day of Appryll iiijd. 



366 

Item payd for iiij powtylls [= pottles] of wyne at 
Bremygeam, the xxix day of Aprell . . . . ijc9. Y]d. 

[May.] 

Item payd for a potyll of ho wile holyffe [^= olive 

oil] XYi]d. 

Item in rayward to a mynstryll Mr. Fytton's . . ij5. 

Item for my Mr. brotherhed of Sent John Frare 

[==Priary], the xvj day of Maye iu]d. 

[Fo. 9.] 

Item to Mres. Mare, the xxv day of May, to by 
her gayre at Coventre, by my Mr. commondment i]s. 

June. 

Item in rayward to on' that browght worde of the 
fedyng of a redd dayrre by yonde Macstoke 
[Maxstoke, co. Warwick], the iij. day of June iu]d. 

Item in almys to iij pore skowlers, the same day iiij^. 

Item for Basford cosse of huntyng of the hotter 

and on' wyth hym, by the spase of on fortnytt XYi]d. 

Item in rayward to yowre browar, the iiij day of 

June, for a bowle of now [=:new] ale . . . . i]d. 

Item for my Mr. brother hede to the procter of 

Sent Caterne iiiid. 

Item payd for ij sett of cawllmen^, the vj day of 
June iiijf^. 

[Fo. 10.] 

Item for my Mr. cosse and raywardes at my Lorde 
Marques [of Dorset's], lyyng forthe on' nyght, 
and xij horse wyth hym, the xv day . . . . V5. ii]d. 

Item payd for 8trowba3n:*ys to make strowbayry 

water ni]d. 

Item in rayward to Robert Swenfen for wachyng a 
dayre that was lawgyd by syde Swenfen, the xxj 
day of June in]d. 

Item in rayward to Rycheart Broune for kylyng 

of ij hosprayse [^ospreys] viij<^. 

Item for my Mr. hoferyng at Sent Jamse chapell 

at Tomworth, the xxiiij day of June . . . . in]d» 

Item in rayward to a frayre that confeste my May- 

ster and my Lady ther, the same tyme . . . . xijd. 

Item for bred and ale ther, the same tyme . , xijd. 

Item in almys ther, the same tyme jd, 

[Fo. 11.] 

Item payd for vj glassus for Ser Wyllam . . . . xi]d. 

Item payd for a cape for Mr. Cattysby, the xxvij 
day xiiijrf. 

1 Query meaning. 



367 

Item in rayward to Mr. Worthe sone, my Mr. good- 
son [= godson], the xxviij day viijcf. 

Item for my Mr. hoferyng at Owre Lady of Wal- 
shyngam fWalsingham, co. Norfolk], the same 
tyme, caryed by the bryar [read pryar] of Mac- 
stoke iiijc?. 

July. 

Item for my Mr. rayward at the kyrstnyng of 

Paygyon chylde, the ij day of July u]s. ui]d. 

Item in rayward to a servaunt of Mr. Cwrssun's for 

bryngyng of a pray sand, the x day of July . . viijd. 

Item in rayward to on' Cokes, for bryngyng of 
letters frome Wossall [Walsall, co. Stafford], the 
xvij day of July Yn]d. 

Item for my Mr. cosse at Notyngam at the syse 

[:= assize] and xxx persons wyth hym . . . . xs. ]d. 

Item for cosse at Laysytwr at the syse and xvij 
horsse wyth my Mr., and frome thense to Myd- 
wlton, the xxviij day of July vij.<?. iii}d. 

[Fo. 12.] 

[August.] 
Item to Mrs Mare, by my Mr. commondment, the 
the vj day of August e, to the kyrstynyng of 

Isbrand [Barnaby's] chylde xx^^. 

Item to my Mr. browtherhed in the perdon of 
Sent Thomas of Conterbayry, the vij day of 

Awgwste in]d. 

Item for my Mr. hoferyng at a preste makyng, 
the XV day of Awgwste xijrf. 

[September.] 

Item for iiij of my Mr. serwauntes cosse home frome 
Mr. Fytton to Mydwlton, the v day of September ij5. 

Item in raywardes to Mr. Fytton hofesers, the 
same tyme viij5. 

Item for bred and ale and chese in Maqkesfeld 

[= Macclesfield, Cheshire] forest, the same tyme i]s. xd. 

Item for my Mr. raywardes to Ser Payrs [= Piers, 
Peter] of Leye hofesers, the vj day of Septembre vJ5. 

Item for my Mr. cosse at Sent Anse of Bwcstone 
[=: Buxton, CO. Derby], the vij day of Sep- 
tembre viJ5. Y]d, 

Item for my Mr. cosse at Asshebwrne [Ashborne, 
CO. Derby], the same day iiiJ5. Yn]d. 

Item for wyne at Notyngam, the viij day . . . . ixd. 

Item [in] rayward to a pwrswante [= pursuivant], 

the same day, at Wolloghton xx^^d. 

Item in rayward to on' that hade hys howse 

bwmde, the same tyme [10 September] .. .. iii]d. 



368 

Item in rayward to the makyng of a hye way at 

WoUoghton, the same day . . . . in]d, 

[Fo. 13.] 

Item in raward to ij nunse of Derby, the xiij day 

of September iij<9. iiijc?. 

Item payd for Robert Swenfeyn borde and John 
Gosson at Wolloghton by the spase of on' weke 
at the entryng of the hawkes, the xiiij day . . xxi]d. 

Item payd for ij molerdes [= mallards] to hayse 

[=: assay ?] the hawkes vd. 

Item for cosse of hawkyng, the same tyme [16 

September] in}d. 

Item for iij ponde of swgar to make conserwys of 
berbayrys, the same tyme ij<s. 

Item for the hwntte's [= huntsman's] cosse from 
Mydwlton to Wolloghton wyth the grounds 
[^= greyhounds] and honddes [= hounds] . . m]d. 

Item in raywarde to on' that stopptte the fox 
yerthys at Nottoll Parke [Nuthall, Notts], the 
same day [ 1 8 September] iii j^. 

Item payd for iiij payre of hawkes belse, the same 

tyme [20 September] xd. 

Item in raywarddes to my Lorde of Garydyne [the 
abbot of Garendon, co. Leicester] hofesars, the 
xxij day of Septembre . . . . Ky]d. 

[Fo. 14.] 
Item for John Hawward cosse to Payngkryge 
[Penkridge, co. Stafford] Fayre, the same tyme 
[30 September] xd, 

[October.] 

Item for my Mr. browtherhed to Owre Lady of 

Baylam [r= Bethlehem], the ij day of October m]d. 

Item in raywarde to a servaunt of Mr. Grayse for 

brengyng of a crane XW]^' 

Item to my Mr. to play at the cardes . . . . iiijc^. 

Item for my Mr. cosse at Wossoll [= Walsall], the 
xij day of October, at the cowrte ther . . . . iiiJ5. 

[Fo. 15.] 
Item in rayward to on' Welbwrne, on' of the 
crounars [= coroners] of Chesshja-e, the xviij 

day of October vJ5. vii]d. 

Item payd for a premer for my Mr. the laste day ui]d. 

[November.] 

Item payd for ij crewyttes [=^ cruetts, for the altar], 

the same tyme [1 November] for the chapell.. viijc^. 



3G9 

Item to my Mr. to play at the cardes of Hawle 

Halow Ewyn iu.]d. 

Item for my Mr. hoferyng of Awle Halow Day in}d. 

Item for the chylder hoferyng iijfZ. 

Item to the ryngars at Mydvvlton chyrche of All 

Halow nyght \ , m]d. 

Item to a pardner [= pardoner], the same tyme m]d. 

Item for my Mr. cosse at Assheby, the iij day of 

Novembre, wyth xvj horse lyyng ther on' nyght viij<s. vyl. 
Item for my Mr. hoferyng of Saynt Laynerd's day 

at Wolloghton iiijf?. 

[Fo. 16.] 

Item payd for a cape for Mr. Catysby at Lenton 
Fayre [11 November] xvu]d. 

Item for Robert Swynfen cosse frome Mydwlton to 

Wolloghton wyth hys hawkes and spanyels . . \]d. 

Item payd for halfe a yerde of saten in Brydges 
[= satin of Bruges] for my Mr. pa[r]tlet^, the 
same tyme xljd. 

Item for iij yerdes bokeram, the same tyme . . xn]d. oh. 

Item payd for a saten cape for my Mr., the same 
tyme ii]s. 

Item payd for a rayne [=ream] of paper, the 
same tyme ijs. Yujd. 

Item a lowde Kayglay for hys halfe yere feye for 
shawyng [= shaving] of my Mr., the x day of 
November iij<9. iiij<^^ 

Item for my Mr. raywarde to the frayrse of Now- 
warke [Newark, Notts] that praychyd at Wol- 
loghton, the same tyme [14 November] . . . . iij5. iiijrf. 

Item for my Mr. cosse of huntyng at Hassell- 
worth Cleffe [Hazleford, between Flintham and 
Bleasby, co. Nottingham], the xv day of 
November iij.s. xd. 

Item in raywardes to my lorde of Chelforde [= the 
prior of Shelford, co. Notts] hofysers, lyyng ther 
on' nyght, the same tyme ij5. 

Item in raywarde to Mr. Langam the fycycion, the 
xvj day of November Xc<?. 

Item in ray ward to a serwantt of my Lady Per- 
ponttes for bryngyng of a praysand, the same 
tyme iiijrf. 

Item in raywarde to the skowlers of Wolloghton 

towrde theyr dayner vn]d, 

[Fo. 17.] 
December. 
Item for my Mr. cosse at Wossoll [= Walsall], 
the xvij day of December, wyth Iij horse wyth 
hym on nyghte ]]s. iiij^. 

1 Neck-apparel. See New English Dictionary. 

M24 



370 

Item for ij chettes [= sheets] of parchement, the 

same tyme vn]d. 

Siimma totalis allocacion[um] : iu]^^li. vs. vijd. oh, 

[Signed : ] Henre Wyllughby. 205. 

1524. — Extracts from "The bocke of paymentes for freshe 
accattes [at Myddulton Halle] ^ from the ix day of Janimrii, 
in the xv yere of of the rengn of Kyng Henre the VIIJ"^ " 
[to 10 December], and " from the xvij day of Decembir, in 
the xvj yere of the renge of K[yng] H[enre] VIIJ"* " [to 
31 December]. 

[Fo. 5 verso.'] 
The ix day of October at the wedyng of Mlrs.] Mare 
Harbottell. [Payments for 44 geese, 9s. 2d. ; 32 capons, 
105. 3^. ; three " pygges," I2d. ; a mallard and two teal, 
^. ; eggs, 9hd. ; 8 dozen and five chickens, 75. lid. ; six 
capons, 3s. ; 2 " brettes " (— turbot or brill,) 18c?. ; a fresh 
salmon, 2s. 4d. ; two scate, I4d. ; herrings, 10c?. ; plaices, 
4c?.; roaches and a pickeril, 16c?.; eleven "pygges," 
35. 7c?. ; a galon of honey, 14c?. ; eggs, 9c?. ; a pickeril and 
a " chevyn " (=chubb), 9c?.; butter, 4c?.; a capon, 7c^. ; 
four chickens, 4c?. ; eggs, 20c?. ; neats' feet, 4:d. ; two 
capons, 10c?.; eleven " pyges," 35. 6c?.; fresh fish, 12c?.; 
three quarterns of almonds, 2Jc?. ; a dozen and three snipe 
and plovers, lOcZ. ; the " catter " (—caterer's) costs, 2c?.; 
two " pykkes," 35. 8c?. ; three teal and 10 snipe, 6c?. ; 
four mallards, 8c?. ; four teal and seven snipe, Qd. ; butter, 
4c?. ; twelve " pyges," 45. ; six mallards, 12c?. ; four dozen 
and three chickens, 35. 5c?. ; 26 couple of " conys," 85. 8c?.-; 
payment "to men to turne broches " (== spits), 2c?.; 
'' heme sewis " (young herons), 12c?. Total : 3?. 195. lOJc^. 
(read lid.)]. 

[Fo. 8 verso.] 
At the comyng of Lorde Ferers [December 31.] [Details.] 

[Fo. 10 verso.] 

The wages for the halfe yere at Myssomer, in the xvj yere of 
the rengne of Kynge Henrre (sic) the VIIJ^^'^. 
Item paid to Ser Richarde, the parushe pryst . . Iiij5. iiijcZ. 

Item to Ser William Webbe xx5. 

Item to Henre Marmyon xx5. 

Item to Richarde Etton xx5. 

Item to William Egerton xx5. 

Item to Henre Braseburge xx5. 

Item to Gabrell Barwykk xx5. 

Item to Richarde Egerton xx5. 

1 Supplied from the contemporary title on the outer cover. 



371 

Item to John Bellers xxxs. 

Item to William Clyfton xxvj5. vn]d. 

Item to [blank] 

Item to Thomas Marten xiiJ5. iiij^Z. 

Item to William Wodnett xiij5. iiijc/. 

Item to Hugh Large xiij5. \n]d. 

Item to John' Brendvvod xx5. 

Item to Isbrande [Barnabe^] xxs. 

Item to Nicholas up John xx5. 

Item to Robert Wethens xvJ5. \nid. 

Item to William Marlow xiij5. in]d. 

Item to Richarde Tokke xii]5. m]d. 

Item to Robert Baseforde xiiJ5. iiij(?. 

Item to Geffrey Blew xiij5. m]d. 

Item to John Adamysse xiij5. iujd. 

Item to William Walker xs. 

Item to William Nottman ..xiij^. iiijc^. 

Item to Robert Swynfen xs. 

Item to John Hawarde xs. 



[Fo. 11.] 

[Payments to nineteen " husbande men " and eight 
" wemen."] 

[Payments for shoeing horses, fo. 13.] 

[Fo. 13 verso.] 

Memorandum, that I have rekenyd wyth John' a 
Lane for makynge of waxe frome Crystenmasse, 
in the xv yere of Kynge Henre the VIIJ^'\ unto 
Miheilmas next folowynge that, and at [= that] 
I have paid hym xiiijc?. 

[Fo. 14.] 
[Payments for "iron ware" (= ironmongery).] 

[Fo. 15.] 

The xj day of Marche. 

Item, the same day, for knettynge of a tramelP 135. vjf?. 
Item paid to the pyper of Wyschaw [Wishaw, co. 

Warwick] for leppe [= " leap," basket] roddes xvjd^. 

Item paid for makyng of viij lepys [^= baskets] ijs. viijd; 

205. 

1 From the Christmas list (fo. 11 verso), which has in addition "Laurence 
Wodnett, 40s., Sir Henre, 20«., Thomas Apole, lOs., Lewys, 13s. 4d., " but 
ornits William Nottman. 

2 A 'trammel,' a net for catching partridges, etc., or fish (Cotgrave, 
s.v. 'tremaille'). 



372 

1524. Extracts from " The booke of paymentes at Mydul- 
ton Hall for nesseryrs {sic) for the householde, from the ix 
day of J an liar ii, in the xv yer of Kyng Henre the VIIJ*^^," 
to 23 December. Expenses about agriculture, etc., purchase 
of malt and rye, workmen's wages, payment of rents and 
tithes, etc. 

[Fo. 2.] 

Item paid to the golde smyth of Byrmyngham for 
mendynge the keverynge of the salte, the vj 
day of August xxd. 

Item paid, the same day [6 September], to the 
golde smyth of Byrmyngham for the makynge 
of ix sponnys and for the mendynge of ij stond- 
ynge coppys [= cups] y]s. Y]d. 

Item paid to a caryare for bryng[yng] a tonne of 
wyne from London xxs, 

[Fo. 3.] 

Item payd, the xxvij day of Septembir, for pottes 
and goderdes [:= drinking cups] agenst the 
wedynge of Mastres Mare ii]s. 

[Fo. 4.] 

Item paid, the same day [19 October], for pewtre 
agenst the wedjnige iiJ5. 

[Fo. 6 verso.] 

Stoffe howght at Lechefylde Feyre, the x day of Februarii, 
in the xv yer aforeseid. 
Item paid, the same day, for vj spruce elles 

[rrz eels from Prussia ? ] y]s, 

[Charges for fish, honey, oil, and expenses.] 

[Fo. 7.] 

The XV j day of Septembir. Stuff e howght at Stiirhurge Feyre 
[great ling, a hundred ; " lobbe fysche " [=z pollack], 1 J hun- 
dreds ; " mattes, viijcZ." ; costs in connexion with the fair.] 

Spyces bought at Lentton Feyre. 
[Pepper, " Englysche safforun," maces, cloves, 
" saundres," " senamunce " [= cinnamon], rice, 
currants, " galyngall," sugar candy, almonds, 
" aunys seddes," sugar loaves, ginger, " prunys," 
'' torsalle, ^ " " longe peper," nutmeg, wax, 
" calamus aramatycus,^'' white soap] . . . . xli. xs. 

1 Spelt turnesell at fo. 10, representing French iournesol (a translation of 
heliotropium), here meaning a vegetable colouring matter obtained from this 
plant, which was used in cookery for staining viands. See Gerarde's Herbal, 
p. 264. 

2 An Arabian plant used medicinally. See Gerarde's Herbal, p. 9. 



373 

[Fo. 9.] 
For sadulls and nessaris to the same. 

Item paid to a fewster [:i^ maker of saddle-trees] 
of Sheldon [co. Warwick], the xij day of 
Janvurii, for iij syde saddull treis and a male 
sadultres (sic) iiij5. vjc^. 

Item paid to the sadeler of Colshull [Coleshill, co. 
Warwick] for makynge a syde sadull, the xxviij 
day of Februarii, for Mastres Harbottell . . . . ij5. vii]d. 

Item paid, the xij day of June, to the saduller for 
the warkmanshyp of keverynge of the harnys 
to my Lades sadull . . . . Y]d. 

Item for nalynge and synoynge^ of Mastres Alece 

sadull y]d. 

Item for a felte to my Lades sadull v]d. 

Item for canmasse [= canvas] to the same sadull yd. 

Item for the warkemanshyp of keverynge of my 

Lades sadull and Mastres Alice sadull . . . . ij.s. vii]d. 

Item for frynge [to] the same sadull and harnys xm]d. 

Item for a panel! for M[astres] Alice sadull "^ . . viijc?. 

Item for the gleythe^ to the harnys of my Lades 

sadull xviijcZ. 

Item paid to the sadeler for makynge a velloett 
harnesse at my Mr. rydynge to Chestur and for 
stoffe at [the] same tyme ; item for a new syde 
sadull and the harnes and for a sadull for John 
Burgesse : the price of all is xiiijs. xjcZ. 

Item paid to the sadeler for his quarter wages at 
Mihelmasse ij5. 

[Fo. 10 verso.] 
For spyces bought for the weddynge. [Cost 4Z. \s. 2d.] 

[Fo. 23.] 

Item paid to Slade for makynge of furmys and 
tressulles and bedstedes at the wedynge . . . . \]s. 

[Fo. 27.] 

Reivardes at the wedyng. 

Item to Mastur Fyzherbardes servant xijc?. 

Item to my Lade abbasse servant iiijci!. 

Item to Mr. Repyngton's servant \i\]d. 

Item to Elis servant viijc?. 

Item to the prior of Sandwalles [Sandwell, parish 

of West Bromwich, co. Stafford] servant . . . . m]d. 

Item to Mr. Comberf ordes servant \i\]d. 

Item to my Lorde of Dudley servant iiJ5. iiijf?. 

Item to the bayle of Sutton's servant xijc?. 

1 Query ' sinewing' , stitching with sinews. 

- It is uncertain whether tlie initial is </ or a cancelled s. 



374 

Item to my Lorde Markcase [of Dorset's] servant xi]d. 

Item to Wodcokkes servant viijc?. 

Item to a man for bryngynge a barbyle . . . . iiij^^. 

205. 

1524. — Extracts from "The bokk of Wolatton made in 
the XV yere of the rengn of Kyng Henre the VIIJ'^ for 
accattes there, from the ix^^ day of Januarii in the yere 
aforesaid." Weekly accounts. 

[Fo. 2.] 

Item paid for brede at the comyng of Mr. Ser John, 

the ix day of Janiuxrii ijc^. 

At my Mr. commyng the xvj day of Januarii. [Purchases 
of beefs, hens, a goose, a " pyge," wine, spices, mustard, 
vinegar, eggs, and three galons of ale: total 8^. \\d.'] 

At the comynge of Mr. Ser John' to Wolatto[n], the v day of 
Februarii. [Details of expenditure.] 

The ij day of Apprill at the comynge of Master Ser John W . 
[Details.] 

At the commyng of Mr. Ser John, the vij day of Mail. 
[Details.] 

[Payments for cheese, eggs and butter, in all \^\d., 
" for shep wescheynge, the xvij daye of June ; " and for 
shearing 26 score sheep, " wyndynge of wolle," catching 
sheep, ale, 4(i., "a pye, 2r?."] 

[Fo. 3.] 

At my Lades comynge to Wolaton, the ix day of Julii. 
[Details.] 

[Fo. 4.] 

At my Mr. commynge to Wollaton, the vj day of Septemhir. 
[Details.] 
Item for egges for the fawkeners afore my Mr. 

com iid. 

Item for barberis and vargis [= verjuice] makynge, 

pykynge and straynynge xvjc?. 

[Fo. 5.] 

The X day of Novemhir at the comynge of my Mr. to Lenton 
Feyre. [Details.] 

[Fo. 6.] 

Item paid for My Lades costes at Messom [Measham, 
CO. Derby], the xviij day of Novembir, with xviij 

persons with her u]s. ]d. 

[Expenses of threshing, mowing, thatching, haymaking, 

carrying coals (^^o. 8. 9) ; ironmongery, etc. (fo. 9) ; tithe 



375 

to the prior of Lenton and the vicar of Kadforth for Sutton 
Passys, payment to the parson of Wollaton and Sir Robert 
Jacson (fo. 10) ; payments " for squarynge of tymbir at 
Shypley Parke" [co. Derby] (fo. 11); for " mendyng the 
chappeil," plastering it, etc. (fo. 11 verso); " paymentes for 
the farme of Wylloughby," being rent of tithe-hay, getting 
thereof, threshing barley, peas, etc. and various other 
payments (fo. 12, 13) ; costs of making hay, etc. in Haly- 
well (fo. 14) ; " weythers bought at Wollatton by the 
schapper[d] " (fo. 15) ; miscellaneous charges (fo. 16, 17) ; 
payments for spices, etc. (fo. 19).] 

[Fo. 17.] 

Item paid, the same day [19 July], to Glossehopp 
for his costes to Lyncolne shyer for swanys . . i]s. 

Item paid for bryng[yng]e a baken {= baked] 

barbyll to a servant of Mr. Fyndurnys . . . . m]d. 

Item paid for My Lades costes at Ashebe [Ashby- 
de-la-Zouche, co. Leicester] wyth xvj persons 

wyth her for ther baytt ther iiij5. iiijc^. 

The furst day of August. 

Item for my Lades costes lying at Ashebe a ny^ht 
and for hur dyner on the morne and xviij per- 
sons wyth her xJ5. yd, 

[Fo. 18.] 

Item paid to Mr. Mellers for xiij galons of Mawse 

[::= Malmsey wine], price xys. i]d. 

Item paid, the xvj day of Novembir, for xix galons 

and dim. of Rumney [wine], price xxi]s. ixd, 

[Fo. 19.] 

Item paid, the xiij day of Novembir, for ij pounde 

of grett candulls lijcif. 

Item for the caryage of charcolle vs. iiijc?. 

Item for berynge of same i]d. 

Item for makynge of the same charcole . . . . iiJ5. iiijr?. 

205. 

1524-5.— Extracts from the account of John Lewyssay, 
*' servaunt to Ser Henry Wyllwghby, knyght," from 25 
December, 16 Henry VIII. [to 4 January, l/ Henry VIII.]. 

[Fo. 2.] 

1524. 

[January.] 

Item to Ser Edward Wyllwghby, the xxvij day of 
Januarii, by my Mr. commondment, to gyffe the 
kynges atornay's wyfe in raywarde at hys goyng 
to London xk. 



376 

Item in ray ward to Robert Swenfen at hys wed- 

dyng, the same tyme [28 January] xijd^. 

[February.] 

Item payd to the kyng, the ij day of Faibruarii, 

for preste mownay xiijZ*. vJ5. viijciJ. 

\ Item in raywarde to a mynstryll of my Lorde of 

^ Derby's, the x day of Faibruarii x\\d. 

-Item in rayward to my Mr. wolantyne of Saynt 

Wolantyn's day, the xiij day of [Faibruarii] . . iiijt^. 

[Fo. 3.] 

Marche. 
Item for my Mr. raywarde to the kyrstnyng of 

Robert Jelyfe chylde xxdf. 

[Fo. 4.] 

Item in raywarde to on' of Wolsoll that browght 
the cowrtt rowlse to hawe the copye for 
Rycheart Hylle lande, the xxix day of Marche xijo^. 

[April.] 

Item in raywarde to on that fonde a hare syttyng, 

the same tyme iiijc^. 

Item a lowde to Robert Basford that he layde 
doune by my Mr. commondment for cosse at 
serten tymse wen on' of Chesshyre kylde hotters 
[nzr otters] in the rewer iiJ5. \]d. 

Item payd for horyges [= oranges] and poundgar- 
nyttes [= pomegranates] at Co ventre, the same 
tyme xviijc^. 

[Fo. 5.] 

Item in raywarde to Henry Pylkyngton, my Mr. 

godson m.\d. 

Item for my Mr. raywarde to the wemyn of the 

toune for Houre Lades lyght \\\\d. 

Item in raywarde to on' that browght my Mr. 

worde of redde dayre that lay by yonde Mery- 

dyne [Meriden, co. Warwick] . . .... . . m]d. 

[Fo. 6.] 

[May.] 
Item to my Lady, the iij day of Maye, by my 

Mr. commondment, to bye Maystrys Jane gayre xx5. 
Item for my Mr. hoferyng at Clyfton weddyng, 

the xiiij day of Maye' iiijc/. 



^ 



377 

[Fo. 7.] 

June. 

Item send [= sent] of a tokon to Mrs. Fytton, 

the same day iiijc?. 

[July.] 
[Fo. 10.] 

Item for my Mr. servantt[es'] cosse, my Mr. 

dynyng att my Lorde Cardnell, the same day 

[6 July] xyiijd. 

Item for wyne and ale at the clowke [= clock] 

howse xu]d. 

Item for cherys and payrs, the same day . . . . i]d. 

Item for viij kylderkynse of ale [8 July] .. ..xxJ5. iiijc?. 
Item to the chondler for sawse and coppe^ and 

trenchers iJ5. vjd. 

Item for howse roume by the spase of on' weke \u]s. Yjd. 
Item for wessheyng of my Mr. cherte [^ shirt] id. 

Item for horse layweray by the space of on' weke xiJ5. m]d. 
Item in raywardes to the chyldren and servaunttes 

of the howse a[t] my Mr. comyng a way . . xxijcZ. 

Item for baytt at Saynt Tawbunse [= Saint 

Albans], the s[a]me [tyme] xxiij^Z. 

Item for baytt at Dunstabwll, the same day . . xn]d. 

Item for bred and ale, wyne, kechyn, fyre, can- 

dwU and horse-maytt at my Mr. lowgyng at 

Stoue [Stow Nine Churches, Northants], the ix 

day of July xs. id. 

Item for bayt at Dayntre [Daventry, Northants] 

the same day iiJ5. ijcZ. 

Item in raywardes to my Lorde of Tome hofyserys, 

the X day of July, my Mr. lyyng ther on nyght iiJ5. 

Item for ale at Cossell, the same day Hid. 

Item in raywardes to ij mynstrylls of my Lorde 

Lyles, the same day iiJ5. iiijcZ. 

[Fo. 11.] 

Item payd for golde for Mres. Alyce to worke in 
the stowle iJ5. 

Item for my Mr. cosse at Notyngam, lyyng ther 

on' nyght and a day, wyth xvj persons .. ..xiij5. Hid, 

[August.] 

Item for my Mr. cosse at Astelay [^Astley, co. 
Warwick], the xj day of Awgwste, beyng wyth 
my Lorde Marqwes [of Dorset] ij dayse . . . . ij.5. iiijc?. 

Item in raywarde to the keper for kyllyng of a 
boke ij5. 

1 For "cups" ? 



378 

Item for my Mr. cosse to Coventre, the xiiij day 
of AAVgwste, wyth my Lorde Marques, and vij^^ 
wyth my Mr., syttyng of the kyng commycion xlv'J5. \]d. 

Item in raywarde to my Ijady abbas mayddes 
[= the abbess of Polesworth's maids], the xviij 
day of Augwste, wen Maystrys Alyce was faychyd 
home frome Poise wort he xv']d. 

Item for my Mr. cosse to Fayknam [Feckenham, 
CO. Worcester] Fowryste wyth my Lorde of Kyl- 
i3rQgworth [the prior of Kenilworth] and Ser 
Edwarde Fayrys [= Ferrers], the xxij day of 
Augwste, and raywardes to the kepers .. ..xxxiiiJ5. Y]d, 

[Fo. 12.] 

September. 

Item delyver'd to my Lady to by gay re for Mrs. 

Jane vj.<?. yu]d. 

October. 
[Fo. 13.] 

Item to Mr. Swynfayn, the xij day of October, 
by my Mr. commondment for hys cosse to Lon- 
don wyth hawkes to the kyng xs. 

Item payd for fwrre to fwrre my Mr. goune, the 
xvj day of October, at Bremygeam, and my 
cosse X5. u]d. 

Item for my Mr. raywarde to John Chepman wen 

he was wedd xx"c?. 

Item to the warden of the Gray Frayrs of Lechefelde, 
the xxij day of October, by my Mr. commond- 
ment, wen he praychyd at the toune . . . . x.s. viijd. 

Item to Lewys appe John for hys cosse into Walse 

[=z= Wales], the xxvj day of October iij<5. iiijc?. 

Novembre. 
[Fo. 15.] 
Item for my Mr. hoferyng at Wyllam Sladdes 

weddyng, the xxvj day of Novembre . . . . iiij[<^.] 

Item for my Mr. raywarde to Wyllam Slade wen he 
was maryed * ij<5. 

[Fo. 15.] 

Decembre. 
Item for my Mr. raywarde towrde the makyng of 

a chalys for Wollaton chyrche xx*'c?. 

Item in raywarde to a servaunt of the dowke of 

8wffokes that come wyth bayrs viijf^. 

Item for Chyngleton cosse to Laycytwr foryste to 

fayche a doo [= doe] at my Lorde Marqwes, 

lyyng forthe iij dayse xxjc^. 



370 

[Fo. 16.] 

Item in raywarde to the chylde baychoppe of 

Lechefelde, the xxviij day of Decembre . . . . vjs. vn]d. 
Item in raywarde to the baychoppe servaunttes xxd. 

Item in raywarde to the playars of Browton 

[Upper Broughton, Notts.?] on Nowyer's Ewyn i]s. 
Item in rayward to a playfar] that comme frome 

Lechefeld xy]d. 

Item in raywarde to playars that was Mr. Belt- 

noppe [= Belknapp's] servaunttes and Mr. 

Lewsys iiJ5. iiijc?. 

1525. 

[January.] 

Item payd for ij M. pynse, the iij day of Januarii xd. 

Item to my Mr. to play at the cardes xijc?. 

Item to my Mr. to play at the cardes, the iiij 

day xixd. 

Summa totalis : clxxxxj?*. vi]s. yd. 

[Signed :] Henre Wyllughby. 

205. 

1526. — Extracts from household account of Sir Henry 
Willoughby for Middleton Hall, from 11 January, 17 Henrv 
VIII, to [December]. 

[Page 1.] 

January 11. Item paid for the caryage of a top- 
nett ^ of fygges and nother of ressynges and ij .sugar- 
lovys xviji. 

Item paid to Thomas Slade for the halywatter 
for iij. quart[ers] dew to hym at Our Lady Day 
of Marche xi]d. 

Item paid at Estur for bred and wyne to Mydul- 

ton churche ixd. 

Item for oyle and creme [= chrysm] m]d. 

Item for francomesence ijd. 

Item paid, the xv. day of Apprell, for sying 

brede [:= shew bread] and wyne jd. 

Item paid, the xvij. day of Apprell, for brede 

and wyne at Estur to Drayton churche . . . . y]d. 

Item for oyle and creme iii}d. 

Item paid the same day to Sir William, the 
parische pryste of Draytton, for his service and 
burde [= board] for iij. wekkes vjs. viiji. 

[Page 2.] 

April 29. Item paid for stuffe to make ynkee (sic) iiij^. 

Item for ale for the baners in the Crosse weke . . vjc^. 

1 Cf. tope in Rogers, History of Prices, iv, p. 670. 



3-80 

Item to the halwattur-olarke of Mydulton at 

Myssomer for his halfe yere for this and pynns xd. 

[Page 3.] 

August 31. Item paid the same day for makynge 

of verges [= verjuice] xixc?. 

Item paid to Richarde Dave for xij. stryke of 

cravys [= crayfish] \]s. 

Item paid the iij. day of Novembur for ij. ley^ 

of weke [= wick] yarne yd. 

Item for spy[n]inge of a ley of weke yarne the 

same day ; \d. 

[Page 4.] 

December 4, Item paid, the x. day of Decembir, 

to a woman for a pere of knett slevys . . . . xjc?. 

[Accounts of expenditure on mowing and for other agri- 
cultural purposes follow.] 

[Page 19.] 

For spyces bought at dy verse tymes. 

Item for a loffe of sugur, weyinge viijZ^., the xxix. 

day of Apprell iiij5. i]d. 

Item, paid, the vj. day of Septembre, for dy verse 
spyces agenst the comynge of My Lorde Marquis 
[of Dorset] ix<s. ixd. 

[Page 20.] 

For spyces bought at Coventre^ the xxij day of Novembre. 

[Amount to lOZ. 65. M., including dates, prunes, almonds, 
anniseed, rice, biscuits, sugar-loaves, liquorice, white soap, 
paper, as well as spices in the modern sense of that word.] 

[Page 22.] 

Stuffe bought [at] Lechefylde feyre, the xiiij. day of 
Februarii, in the xvij . yere of the rengn of kyng Henry VIII, 
[comprising red and white herrings, sprats, " viij. elHs sprewuse 
[= eels from Prussia ?] vjs. viijc^," salmon, oil, honey, currants, 
mussels, and carriage, and " for their costes that bought the 
same stuff e iijs." Payments for ironmongery, gifts and rewards, 
etc.]. 

[Page 35.] 

The byll f or makyng of wolen cloth from the xiij. of Febru- 
ary, in the xvij. yere of the renge of King H. the VIII"'. 

1 See New English Dictionary , a.v, * Lea ' sb. 4. 



381 

In primis, for spyn[yn]g of a brode whyte for 

blankettes viJ5. ixd. 

Item for spynfynjg of xij yerdes of narow whyte ij<s. iij^Z. ob. 

Item for spynfyn |g of a weyt of lyst yarne . . iijc^. 

Item for spyn[yn]g of viij. brode clothis of 

tawne [^^t^wny] iij?^. ix5. viijrf. 

Item for wey[v]inge of the brode whyte . . . . m]s. 

Item for weyvynge of the yardes of narow whyte xviijc?. 

Item for weyvinge of the viij. brode clothis of tawne I5. viijc?. 

Item for oyle to the same clothis xv5. yi}d. 

Item for fullyng of the brode whyte iiiJ5. 

Item f or fullyng of the xij. yardes of narow whyte xijd. 

Item for fullyng of the viij. brode cloths of tawne \s. viijc?. 

Item for madder for the same viij. clothes vli. iJ5. jd. 

Item paid to William Dyer of Colshull for xij . dais 
werkynge mth the dyer at coleryng of the same 
clothis iiiJ5. 

Item for ij. dyers' burd [aboard] for the same 

xij. days iiiJ5. 

Item for other stoffe that there is occupyed . . xv<^. 

Item payd for spy[n]ing lyimon yarne . . . . yiis.vd.ob. 

Item for weyvynge of xx. elles of flaxen cloth vJ5. Yiijd. 

205. 

1526.—" The bocke of Wollaton, made the xiij day of Sep- 
tembur, the xviij yere of the reign of K[yng] H[enry] the 
VIII*''." Household expenses at Wollaton, on September 15, 
23, 28, and October 3 and 7, 18 Henry VIII. 205 

1526-7. Extracts from account of John Lewyssay, " ser- 
vaunt to Sir Henry Wyliwghby, knyght," frome 6 January, 
17 Henry VIII until [January — , "^IS Henry VIII.]. 

1526. 
[January.] 
[Fo. 2.] 
Item to Mrs. Mare Fytton, by my Mr. commond- 

ment, the viij day of Januarii vj.9. viijcf. 

Item in ray ward to a narmytt [= a hermit] of 

Polseworthe iiijc?. 

Item to my Mr. to play at the cardes [22 January] iiijc?. 

[Fo. 3.] 

Februarii. 
Item in raywarde to my Mr. wolantyne on Sent 

Wolantynse day, the xiij day of Faibniarii . . iiijrf. 

[Fo. 4.] 

Item to Mrs. Alyce, the same day [21 February], 
to gylfe in raywarde to the kyrstnynge of Howgh 
Aweray chylde xx*'df. 



382 

[March.] 

Item to Mr. Palmer servauntt for hys cosse frome 
London and to London, bryngyng a letter of the 
kynges, the ij day of Marche xiij5. iiijf?. 

Item for Willam Notman cosse and myne to Ber- 
wyke to spayke wyth Mr. Magnws,^ the xxij 
day of Marche xx5. 

Item payd to Robert Jamse wyfe and Slades wyfe 
for thayr cosse that wachyd wyth a presoner 
that was hangyd at Basset Crosse [Basset, parish 
of Peckleton, co. Leicester] iiJ5. xdf. 

[Fo. 5.] 

Item to a fryre of Lechefeld that was my Mr. 

gostly father [on Shyre Thwrsday] xi]d. 

Item payd for caryage of a tunne of wyne frome 

Bewerlay, the same tyme y]s. 

Apryll. 

Item [in] raywarde to the yowng men of the toune 
that gaytherde for the chyrche iiijcf. 

Item for chaftes [= shafts, arrows] for Mr. Howgh 

and the chyldwrn of the chapell m]d. 

Item in rayward to the wemyn of the toune that 

gathwrde for Saynt Stewyn iujd. 

Item in raywarde to on' that browght worde were 
red dayre ley by syde Macstoke, the same day 
[4 April] . / iiij^. 

[Fo. 6.] 
Item for my Mr. raywarde to the kyrstnyng Cor- 

ssor chylde, the xxvj day of Apryll xijJ. 

Item in raywarde to a frayre of Coventre that 

browght aqwawyte [= aqua vitse], the same day xx*'c?. 

Item to on' of the chylder of the chapell wen he 

went home to hys frendes xi]d, 

[Fo. 7.] 

Item payd for aqwawyte [= aqua vitse], the 

xxviij day of Apryll iiijdf. 

Item in raywarde to on' that browght horygns 
[z=: oranges] frome Bremygeam, the same day 
[31 April] i]d, 

Maye. 

Item for ale at the chyrche for my Mr., the v 

day of May ]d. 

1 Dr. Thoma<? Magnus, founder of the grammar school at Newark -on -Trent, 
was treasurer of the wars in the North of England, and at this time a mem- 
ber of the Council of the Duke of Richmond at York. See Diet, of National 
Biography, xxxv, p, .324. 



383 

Item for my Mr. raywarde to a nalle [r= an ale, 

feast] at Leye [Lea Marston, co. Warwick] . . Yiijd. 

Item for my Mr. rayward to the chyrcheale at 

Aston, the xxvj day of May xxd, 

[Fo. 8.] 

Item payd for vj yerdes of cayndoll [= Kendal 
cloth] for a cottclothe [— cloth for a coat] 
for Mr. Cattesby, the xxix day of May . . . . iiJ5. viijcZ. 

Item in raywarde to the huntte [= huntsman] wen 
he brake hys bowe Ynjd, 

Item for a pwrsywant [= pursuivant] cosse lyyng 

at Awerayre's (sic) vjd^. 

[June.] 

Item payd for a halfe a yerd of blake clow the for 

bandes for the gentwlwemyn cyrtwlles . . . . v]d. 

Item for my cosse to Sothewell [Southwell, co. 
Notts], the xj day of June, to cary Mr. Catesby 
to the skowle xxd. 

Item for chowyng [= shoeing] of horsus . . . . m]d. 

Item paid to the skowle Mr. for skowle hyre . . iiiJ5. iiij(/. 

Item in raywarde to Rawfe Heberd and Lowkyd, 
My Lord of Derby's mynstryll', the xiiij day of 
June iij5. m]d. 

Item for my Mr. hoferyng at Mr. Arthen's beryall m]d. 

Item payd to Nycoles Cothett for makyng of a 

song bowke for the chapell iiiJ5. \ujd. 

Item for a premer for Mr. Draycott iiij^. 

[Fo. 9.] 

Item for bred and ale and wyne and kecheyn and 
horsemett at Merydyne, the xxiij day of June, 
XX horse wyth my Mr. to London viij^^. yd. 

[Fo. 10.] 
Item payd for a pott for my Mr. chamber.. .. xii]d. 

July. 

[Fo. 11.] 

Item payd to Rowfe Dyall in fwll payment that 
he layd doune for my Mr. cloke the v day 
of July viij5. 

Item for a pener [:= pen-case] and a nynghorne 
[= an inkhorn] for Mr. Hough [Hugh Wil- 
loughby] m]d. 

Item for ale at the Tempwll ijj. 

Item for a skotwll to cary a gamysshe [=^ set] of 

wessell iiijc?. 



384 

[Fo. 12.] 

Item for ij sylver baygse [= badges] ijd. 

Item for a nynglysslie [= English] bowke . . . . viijfZ. 

Item for howse rowme for on' fortnytt . . . . xxx5. 

[Fo. 13.] 

Item in raywarde to My Lorde CardnoU porter.. xijfZ. 

Item to Mr. Pryncypowll of Stapull In for ray- 
ment for Mr. Howgh [=z Hugh] and for his 
bowrde x,9. 

Item to Mr. PryncypoU in ray^vard for hys payne v]s. viij^. 

Item to Mr. Howgh to pwtt in hys pwrse . . . . xi]d, 

[Fo. 14.] 

Item for cosse at Elsebayry [= Aylesbury, co. 

Bucks.], the xx day of July y]s. x]d. 

Item for my Mr. browtherhed at yowre (sic) Lady 

yeld at Alseb wry [== Aylesbury], the same day y]s. vnjd. 

Auguste. 

Item for my Mr. hoferyng to Owre Lady of Wyssyter 
[^Worcester] and Sent Kaylams [:=St. Kenelm's, 
Winchcombe] Yu]d. 

[Fo. 15.] 

Item for my Mr. browtherhed to Sent Thomas of 

Contwrbayry, the iiij day of Awgvvste . . . . vn]d. 

Item in rayward to Chamberlayne and Laselse of 
Notyngame for bryngyng of ij chylder for the 
chapell, the v of Augwste xs. 

Item in rayward to a notter [= an otter] hunter, 

the xix day of August xxr^. 

Item to Ser Wyllam that he layd doune for iiij 
pay re of chowse [= shoes] for iiij of the chylder 
of the chapell xxiijf?. 

Item in rayward to the ancres [=: female anchorite] 

at Poise worth, the same [day, 27 August] . . yu]d. 

Item payd for iiij premers for the chyldern of the 

chapell xd. 

Septembre. 
[Fo. 16.] 

Item for Thomas Cokes cosse to Mr. Cowttes for 
hayransus [=r heronsews, young herons], the iij 
day of September iiij^Z. 

Item payd for payrs a gaynste my Lorde Marqwes 

[of Dorset] comyng xxd. 

Item to To wile, the ix day of Septembre. by my 
Mr. commondment wen he went of paylgramage 
to the sweyt rowde [== rood] of Garadyne [Gar en- 
don, CO. Leicester] , . . . . xijo?. 



385 

Item in raywardes to my Lady of Polseworthe 
hofeserse, the x day of September, lyyng ther on 
nyght, wen my Mr. went to my Lorde Marqwes ij-<?. iiijci^. 

Item in rayward to my Lorde Marqwes horse- 

kepers, the xij day of September xx*'cZ. 

Item in rayward to Mr. Gray servaunt for bryng- 

yng of a praysand to Wollatun, the same day in]d. 

Item for my Mr. hoferyng to Sent Annys [at Bux- 
ton, CO. Derby] sent by Clyfton iuyl. 

Item for my Mr. hoferyng at the rowde of Notyngam, 

the XXV day of September m]d. 

Item in almys there, the same day \n]d. 

Item for ij yerdes of fwstyn for a dowblett for 

Mr. Catysbe, the same day xvj</. 

Item for a payre of hawseclothe [=horsecloths] 

for Mr. Catysbe xxd. 

Item for a payre of hawseclothe for Mrs. Alyse 

and Mrs. Jane, the same day xvj^. 

Item for my Mr. brotherhed of Owre Lady of the 
chapell of the Sey the last day of Sep- 
[tembre] m]d. 

Item for my Mr. rayward to the Frayrse at 
Notyngam, the laste day of September, wen 
they made a nale [= an ale, feast] viij*. viijc?. 

Item for my Mr. cosse ther, the same day . . . . xxij^. 

[Fo. 17.] 
October. 

Item payd for Mr. Catysbe bord for xv wekes and 

skowlhyre and makyng of gayre, the fyrst day xx^. 
Item for iiij yelse [=ells] of clothe for Mrs. Jane 

for smowkes [— smocks], the ij day of October i]s. viijc?. 
Item to the blynd woman at Wolloton, the v day 

of October, to by her a paytycott ijs. viijc?. 

Item to Roger Layche, the swrgeon, the same day xxd. 

Item in rayward to Robert Bertwll to hys 

maryage, the vij day of October xxd. 

Item payd for iij payre of chowse [ =shoes] for the 

chylder of the chappyll, the ix day of October xviijc?. 
Item payd for bowkes and comse [= combs] for 

the chyldwrne of the chappell \xd. 

Item a lowd to Ser Wyllam for swgar to make 

conserwys, the x day of Octobre xi]d. 

Item payd lynyngse and carsay and fwstyon for 

Mr. Draycott and Mrs. Alice and the chylder of 

the chapell, the xiij day of October, and cosse xiiiJ5. 
Item in rayward to Mr. Worthe sone goyng to 

Londun, the same tyme i]s. ni]d. 

Item to Germon to hys weddyng, the same [tyme] xijc?. 

M 25 



386 

Item payd for iij yelse [= ells] of clothe for Mrs. 

Alice and Mrs. Jane for raylse^ iij .9. x^. 

Item payd for halfe a dosen capjDse for the chylder 

of the chapell, the xx day vj^. 

Item for vj pay re of chowse for the chylder of the 

chapell, the same day iij 5. y'^]d. 

[Fo. 18.] 

/ Item in rayward to My Lord Hastyngse mynstryll, 

the xxj day of October xx''6^. 

Item payd for a yerd of fresse to mend on' of the 

chyldwrne cottes of the chapell y}d, 

[November.] 

Item for my cosse and John' Hawvvard to Lenton 

Fayre wyth iiij horsus, lyyng ther on' sennytt iij5. iiij^. 

[Fo. 19.] 

Item in rayward to a pore man of Aston that 
made a nale [— an ale, feast], the xij day of 
November xx^^d. 

Item in rayward to a servaunt of my Lorde of 
Exiter's for bryngyng of a pray sand, the xviij 
day of [November] xx^'d. 

December. 

Item payd for the carter cosse to Bremygeam to 

fayche a lode of wyne, the vj day of December xi]d. 

[Fo. 20.] 

Item in rayward to ij men that gaytherd for 
Fayslay [Fazeley, co. Stafford] Brege, the xxvj 

day of December iiijc7. 

Item in rayward to the chyld becheopp of Leche- 
-^ feld and to hys ofeserse, the xxviij day of 

December ixs. \n]d. 

^ , Item in rayward to a play of Cheschyre, the 

' same day vJ5. Yu]d, 

Item in rayward to a play that come frome My 

'^ ' Lord John Gray ijs. 

Item in rayward to ij men that gayther'd for 
Owre Lady Brege at Tomworth, the xxix day 
of December . . . . liijf^. 



[Fo. 21.] 
Item to ij men that gaytherd for Bowbrege . . iiij^. 

I Neck •coverings, See New English Dictionary, a.v, 'rail, s6 1/ 



387 

1527. 

[January.] 

Item in raywardes to chylder on Newyarse Day 

that browght praysanse u]s. 

^ f Item in rayward to a play ij«. 

Item in rayward to on' that browght a praysand 

frome Wyllam Gaybonse viijfZ. 

Summa totalis hujus lihri : cxlixli. ixs. viijfZ. ob. 

205. 

1527. — Extracts from Household Accounts for Middleton, 
18 Henry VIII. 

" The bocke for nessaris for the husholde [at Mydulton Hall], 
begvninge the furste day of Februarii, in the xviij ye re of the 
renge of K[yngJ Heme the VllJ^h." 

[Page 1.] 
April 12. 

Item paid the same tyme to Key's wyffe for a 

weke makyng canduUes iu]d. 

Item paid, the xiiij. day of Aprell, for a peyre of 

schowne [= shoes] for Lytyll John of the kechyn YJd. 

Item for a pere of hossen for hym v]d. 

Item for a cape for hym the same day . . . . xd. 

[Page 42.] 

For stuff e bought at Lechefylde feyre, [consisting of fish, 
honey, oil, figs, sugar-loaves, " a skemur" [ n=scummer], '*vj.li. 
of lymans conserva V5."] 

[Page 46. Charges for spinning linen.] 

[Page 49. — Charges for making wax.] 205. 

1541. — " Thys booke made the xxix^'^ day of Aprell, in 
the xxxiij**^ yere oif the reyne off Our Sovereyn Lord Kyng 
Henry the VIIJ*'^ for wedyng off corne, mowyng of gresse, 
makyng off hey, sheyryng off corne, and mowyng off corne, 
leyd3mg corne, workyng at Halywell, thresshyng off corne, 
and for all other thynges perteynyng therunto." 205. 

1542-3. — Account of expenditure on " fresshe accates " 
from 28 February, 33 Henry VIII, to 12 March, [34 Henry 
VIII], amounting to 94/. 195. S\d., including 22/. 145. Id. 
for ling, cod, stockfish, "a fyrkyn of oyle, viiJ5. viijtf.," and 
six mattes, bought at Sturbryge Fair, carriage thereof from 
the fair to Wolaton by Myghell of Cossall, 155., and costs of 
Ysebrand Barnaby and Thomas Hyde at the fair, 125. 9c/., 
and 11/. 85. 8c/. for purchases at Boston, consisting of ^x 
barrels of white herrings, eight " cades " of red herring, a 
barrel of pitch, 95., half a hundred of " alygraunte^ faus (?)," 
75. 6c/., "a topytte of fygges derte," C^s., boat-hire from Boston 

1 Cf. New English Dictionary, a.v. 'Elegante, I,' a dried fruit. 



388 

to Brygend,^ carriage from Brygend to Grantam, 7s. 4d., 
and from Grantam to Wolaton, 29s., and the costs of 
Ysebrand Barnaby and Thomas Hyde " at the same jorney, 
goyng and comyng," 155. lOd. Signed in a very shaky hand : 
*' John' Willughby." [In bad condition from damp.] 205. 

1542-3. Extracts from account by John Trussell of 
" the expences and charges layed downe by him in my 
maister's rydyng forthe and other vvayes in rewardes sythe 
[=: since] the last haudet [=z^ audit] that was on the iiij*^ 
day of Merche," 33 Henry VIII [to 25 February, 1543]. 

[Fo. 1.] 
1542. 

" In primis, the xxiiij*^ day of Merche, for your ser- 
vant tes deyner at the essyes [= assize] in Nottynggam : 
For M[ais]ter Gabriell and his servant . . . . vjc?. 

Item for M[ais]ter Mermeon iu]d. 

Item for James Thurland iijd^. 

Item for Henry Pylkyngton u]d. 

Item for Thomas Brasbryge iij^. 

Item for John Ly^^say ii]d. 

Item for Olyver Holand n]d. 

Item for Thomas Boude ujd. 

Item for Merloue ii]d. 

Item for Chamberlayn n]d. 

Item for John Pool! iij^. 

Item for Brounell u]d. 

Item for John Trussell injd. 

Item for Urban Hall and his horssys v^. 

Item for Blewe u]d. 

Item to Robert Cookes wyffe for alle [= ale] to 

your selph . . . . ijd. 

In expences at Not[tynggam] at the xvij^^ day of 
Aperyell, at the quarter sessyons. [Details of expenditure 
with fourteen servants.] 

In expences at your goyng to Medylton, the xviij"^ day 
of Aperiell ; fyrst for your dener at Ashby. [Details.] 

[Fo. 2.] 
The month of Mey. 
In primis, the fyrst day of Mey, to a pore man 
of Stapilforthe [Stapleford, co. Notts] at the 
churche dore ]d. 

Item the xviij*^ day of May, at the dyrige for 

my Maister's father to iiij *^prestes xv]d, 

1 The Brigge mentioned in connexion with Ropsley, near Grantham, eo. 
Lincoln, as the termination of water carriage (by the River Glen ?) from 
Lynn in Rutland MSS., iv, p. 481, 



389 

The month ot Junii, 

In (sic) the second day of June at Not[tynggainJ at the 
syttyng for the loond [=^loan] money, for your servantes 
deyner that where there. [Details.] 
Item the thyrde day of June, I whent to 
Not[tynggam] for to speke wyth Henry Moulde 
and for the proclamation ther maid as touching 
hawckes : expences \]d. 

[Fo. 3.] 

[July.] 

J Item to the mynstrell and a boy that dawnssed v'nid. 

I The xxiij day of July in rydyng to Badsly [Baddesley, 

CO. Warwick] at your gattes [=z gates] goyng furthe. 
.1 In primis to Merloo son and a not her mynstrell 
' wyth hym viiji. 

At Badsley : 

Item to Koger that kepis the stell xi]d. 

Item to the cooke xijd. 

Item to the grome of the chambers . . . . . . xijd. 

Item to the butler xijcZ. 

Item to the ij horskepers wjd. 

Item to the keper of the par eke u]s. mjd. 

Item to a pore man at the gattes ]d. 

Item as ye rode by Coventre to the poore housys 

ther iiijf^. 

Item for your houndys ther by Badsley . . . . Y]d. 
Item for your hunttes' [= huntsmen's] drynck 

over nyght and meyte in the moniyng . . . . iiij(/. 

Item for your horsys all nyght ijc^. 

The xxvj. day of July at Mr. Smythes : 
In primis to the jentilwoman that kepte the stell 

and the chambers xi]d. 

[Payments to butler, cook, and park-keeper.] 
Item to a pore man at the gattes [= gates] that 

was a hermytte ijd. 

Item, the same day, at Haderston [= Atherstone, 

CO. Warwick] for a galon of secke xijc?. 



[Fo. 4.] 

At Wichnor [co. Stafford], the xviij day of July. 

[Payments to butler, cook, groom of the chambers, brewer, 
porter, park-keeper.] 
Item to ij men for caryeng your bucke fourthe 

of Trent ijc?. 



390 

At Staunton [Staunton Harold, co. Leicester] and Ascheby 
[Ashby-de-la-Zouch, co. Leicester,] the xix. 
Item to a gentilwoman that kepte the chambers xijd. 

[Payments to butler, cook, park-keeper, horse-keeper, the 
keeper's man at the park gate.] 
Item for viij of your servantes and your howndes 

[struck out] at Ascheby, ther dryncke over nyght 

and ther brecfast in the mornyng ij5. 

Your howndes vij(i. 

• [Charges for horse-shoeing and repairing saddlery.] 

[Fo. 5.] 

Beyivardes for presantes at Medilton and in almes. 
Item, the same day [8 July], to Mr. Swynfyn's man 

for grousse m]d. 

Item to Mr. Lyle's man for brynging a capon and 

a pecoke iiijcZ. 

The moneth of August, at Wollaton. 
Item, the x^^ day of August, for Thomas Bert let and 
myselph goyng to Medilton to se the bedyng for 
my Lorde Merquis [of Dorset] set forth in chaum- 
bers where thei wold apoynte them : in expences 
ther xvjd^. 

[Fo. 6.] 

[Account of wheat and corn consumed " at Medylton 
when my Mr. lay ther."] 

The eater's bill, the vij*^ day of July, at Medilton. 
[Details. Other accounts for 14, 22 and 27 July.] 

[Fo. 8.] 

The month of September. 
Item, the xxvij*^ day of September, to a servant 
of Basfordes of Not[tynggam] for bryngyng of 
the copie of a proclamation from my Lord of 
Norfocke, for his peyns \]d, 

[Fo. 9.] 

The moneth of October. 

Item, the second day of October, for your men that 
whent wyth you to the sessyons at Notyngam. 
[Expenditure of Id. each on thirteen servants 
and 3c?. for the horses.] 

The moneth of November. 

At Notynggam, the xx^*^ day, for your company 
that whent wyth you to the New Sessyons. [Ten 
servants Id. each, and the horses.] 
Item, the same day, to Cochett wyffe, for ale tiiat 

she sent into the haule to my maister, in reward iiijc?. 



391 

Item, the xxij*' day of November, to too pore men 
as you come from the churche, one of them was 
of Bui well [Notts] and th' other beyng lame . . \jd. 

[Fo. 10.] 

1543. 

The moneth of January. 
Item, the viij^^ day of January, for your ser- 
vantes that whent with you to the quarter 
sessions, for them that dyd drynck at Robert 
Cooke's howsse, as you commandyd them to doo xiu]d, 

Reyivardes mid almys. 

Item, the same day of the sessions, to the ser- 
geaunts of Nottyngam in reywarde at your 
goyng to horsse xijc?. 

Item, the xv day of January, to a woman of 
Lycetershyre that whent wyth a testymonyall 
for burnyng of hyr howsse iiijc?. 

Item, the xviij^^ day of January, in reyward to 
Richard Yerton [= Ireton], servaunt to M[ais]ter 
Wynfilde \s 

Item, the xxv" day of Jamuxrii, to a clarcke goyng 

for orders cauled John' Gleyden in almes . . iiijc/. 

[Fo. 11.] 
The moneth of Feybruari. 

To one of the blacke garde cauled Perrs, the iiij'^ 

day of Feybruarii, in reyward viijcZ. 

Item, the xij*^ day of Feybruarii, to William 
Tomson that dothe laye for to kyll rattes and 
myesse in your howsse at Wollaton iiJ5. ui]d» 

Also, the xix^^ day of Feybruary, for your expences 
of your servauntes in ther drynckeyng at 
Notynggam at the sessyons ther holdyn [nine 
servants Id. each]. 

Item, the same day, to a pore man as you come 
from thence without the Chapell Bar [at Not- 
tingham] ]d. 

Item, the xxv^' of Feybruarii, to one of the 
kynges pursyvaunttes cauled Adam Gayes- 

quyen [=^ Gascoigne] in reyward iiJ5. in]d. 

205. 

1542-3.— Extracts from "The boke of necessary es for the 
howsehold, begynnyng the iiij^'' day of Merche, in the 
xxxiij**^ yere of the reign of our soveraign Lorde Kyng 
Henre the VllJth," [to 10 March, 34 Henry VIII]. Agricul- 
tural charges include " mowyng of braky n " and " sheiyng 
and moying of corne.' 



302 

1542. 

[Fo. 4 verso.] 

Item at Gosefeyr [= Goose Fair] at Not[yngham] 
for ij payre of treyses [entered before " the last 
day of Septembre "] viij(/. 

Item paid for xliij leyes of candyll weyke at iijd. the 

leye, bought at Faresley Feyer X5. viijc^. (sic). 

[Fo. 6.] 

1543. 

The viij*^ day of Januari. 
Item payd to the parysshe clerke for his yeres wages xvjc^. 

[Fo. 8 verso.] 
Pytche and terre bought by Robert Averey at Mawnsfelde 
Feyre, as folowyth. [Details.] 

[Fo. 12.] 

1542. 

The vij^*^ day of Octobre for rollyng of pease and worch- 
ynge [= working] in the garden. [Details.] 

[Fo. 17.] 

The boke of wages by the yere for servynge men, hyndes and 

other ms folowyth : 

Fyrst, payd to gentylmen, yomen and offycers 
theyre dim. [= half] yeres wages dewe at the 
feaste of Saynt John' Baptyste laste, as more 
pleynly dothe appere by a byll of particular 
sommes therof maide xxxv]li, xvs. 

[Fo. 18.] 

Certen clothes for lyvereys bought at sondrye tymes 
for my Mr. servauntes as foloweth : [one piece of 
25 yards at 45. a yard ; another of 24J yards 
at 35. 1